Abstract

Conventional film patterned retarder (FPR) production requires a photo-alignment layer and a UV exposure process through a patterned wire-grid photo-mask, increasing the cost as well as limiting the resolution of FPR. We proposed a novel method for the fabrication of FPR without using the alignment layer and the photo-mask. Reactive mesogen (RM) was coated on a base film, and then the substrate with 2-domain interdigitated electrodes was contacted over the RM layer. The in-plane electric field reoriented the randomly orientated RM molecules to the field direction, generating the slow axes in each domain. Then, the UV light was exposed to the film, fixing the slow axes of the polymerized RM with orthogonal orientation between neighboring domains. Finally, an incident linearly polarized light gave rise to giving oppositely handed circular polarizations of light after passing the film.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. K. Mashitani, G. Hamagishi, M. Higashino, T. Ando, and S. Takemoto, “Step barrier system multi-view glass-less 3-D display,” Proc. SPIE 5291, 265–272 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  2. O. H. Willemsen, S. T. de Zwart, M. G. H. Hiddink, D. K. G. de Boer, and M. P. C. M. Krijin, “Multi-view 3D Displays,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 38, 1154–1157 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  3. S. Yano, M. Emoto, and T. Mitsuhashi, “Two factors in visual fatigue caused by stereoscopic HDTV images,” Displays 25(4), 141–150 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  4. T. Inoue and H. Ohzu, “Accommodative responses to stereoscopic three-dimensional display,” Appl. Opt. 36(19), 4509–4515 (1997).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. S. S. Kim, B. H. You, H. J. Choi, B. H. Berkeley, D. G. Kim, and N. D. Kim, “World's First 240Hz TFT‐LCD Technology for Full‐HD LCD‐TV and Its Application to 3D Display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 40, 424–427 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. C. Kuen Lee and F. Tseng, “Shutter Glass Stereo LCD with a Dynamic Backlight,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 72370X (2009).
  7. Y. Yoshihara, H. Ujike, and T. Tanabe, “3D crosstalk of stereoscopic (3D) display using patterned retarder and corresponding glasses,” Proc. IDW, 15, 1135–1138 (2008).
  8. H. Kang, S. Roh, I. Baik, H. Jung, W. Jeong, J. Shin, and I. Chung, “A Novel Polarizer Glasses-type 3D Displays with a Patterned Retarder,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 41, 1–4 (2010)
    [Crossref]

2009 (1)

J. C. Kuen Lee and F. Tseng, “Shutter Glass Stereo LCD with a Dynamic Backlight,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 72370X (2009).

2004 (2)

K. Mashitani, G. Hamagishi, M. Higashino, T. Ando, and S. Takemoto, “Step barrier system multi-view glass-less 3-D display,” Proc. SPIE 5291, 265–272 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Yano, M. Emoto, and T. Mitsuhashi, “Two factors in visual fatigue caused by stereoscopic HDTV images,” Displays 25(4), 141–150 (2004).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

Ando, T.

K. Mashitani, G. Hamagishi, M. Higashino, T. Ando, and S. Takemoto, “Step barrier system multi-view glass-less 3-D display,” Proc. SPIE 5291, 265–272 (2004).
[Crossref]

Baik, I.

H. Kang, S. Roh, I. Baik, H. Jung, W. Jeong, J. Shin, and I. Chung, “A Novel Polarizer Glasses-type 3D Displays with a Patterned Retarder,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 41, 1–4 (2010)
[Crossref]

Berkeley, B. H.

S. S. Kim, B. H. You, H. J. Choi, B. H. Berkeley, D. G. Kim, and N. D. Kim, “World's First 240Hz TFT‐LCD Technology for Full‐HD LCD‐TV and Its Application to 3D Display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 40, 424–427 (2009).
[Crossref]

Choi, H. J.

S. S. Kim, B. H. You, H. J. Choi, B. H. Berkeley, D. G. Kim, and N. D. Kim, “World's First 240Hz TFT‐LCD Technology for Full‐HD LCD‐TV and Its Application to 3D Display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 40, 424–427 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chung, I.

H. Kang, S. Roh, I. Baik, H. Jung, W. Jeong, J. Shin, and I. Chung, “A Novel Polarizer Glasses-type 3D Displays with a Patterned Retarder,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 41, 1–4 (2010)
[Crossref]

de Boer, D. K. G.

O. H. Willemsen, S. T. de Zwart, M. G. H. Hiddink, D. K. G. de Boer, and M. P. C. M. Krijin, “Multi-view 3D Displays,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 38, 1154–1157 (2007).
[Crossref]

de Zwart, S. T.

O. H. Willemsen, S. T. de Zwart, M. G. H. Hiddink, D. K. G. de Boer, and M. P. C. M. Krijin, “Multi-view 3D Displays,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 38, 1154–1157 (2007).
[Crossref]

Emoto, M.

S. Yano, M. Emoto, and T. Mitsuhashi, “Two factors in visual fatigue caused by stereoscopic HDTV images,” Displays 25(4), 141–150 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hamagishi, G.

K. Mashitani, G. Hamagishi, M. Higashino, T. Ando, and S. Takemoto, “Step barrier system multi-view glass-less 3-D display,” Proc. SPIE 5291, 265–272 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hiddink, M. G. H.

O. H. Willemsen, S. T. de Zwart, M. G. H. Hiddink, D. K. G. de Boer, and M. P. C. M. Krijin, “Multi-view 3D Displays,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 38, 1154–1157 (2007).
[Crossref]

Higashino, M.

K. Mashitani, G. Hamagishi, M. Higashino, T. Ando, and S. Takemoto, “Step barrier system multi-view glass-less 3-D display,” Proc. SPIE 5291, 265–272 (2004).
[Crossref]

Inoue, T.

Jeong, W.

H. Kang, S. Roh, I. Baik, H. Jung, W. Jeong, J. Shin, and I. Chung, “A Novel Polarizer Glasses-type 3D Displays with a Patterned Retarder,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 41, 1–4 (2010)
[Crossref]

Jung, H.

H. Kang, S. Roh, I. Baik, H. Jung, W. Jeong, J. Shin, and I. Chung, “A Novel Polarizer Glasses-type 3D Displays with a Patterned Retarder,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 41, 1–4 (2010)
[Crossref]

Kang, H.

H. Kang, S. Roh, I. Baik, H. Jung, W. Jeong, J. Shin, and I. Chung, “A Novel Polarizer Glasses-type 3D Displays with a Patterned Retarder,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 41, 1–4 (2010)
[Crossref]

Kim, D. G.

S. S. Kim, B. H. You, H. J. Choi, B. H. Berkeley, D. G. Kim, and N. D. Kim, “World's First 240Hz TFT‐LCD Technology for Full‐HD LCD‐TV and Its Application to 3D Display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 40, 424–427 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, N. D.

S. S. Kim, B. H. You, H. J. Choi, B. H. Berkeley, D. G. Kim, and N. D. Kim, “World's First 240Hz TFT‐LCD Technology for Full‐HD LCD‐TV and Its Application to 3D Display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 40, 424–427 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, S. S.

S. S. Kim, B. H. You, H. J. Choi, B. H. Berkeley, D. G. Kim, and N. D. Kim, “World's First 240Hz TFT‐LCD Technology for Full‐HD LCD‐TV and Its Application to 3D Display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 40, 424–427 (2009).
[Crossref]

Krijin, M. P. C. M.

O. H. Willemsen, S. T. de Zwart, M. G. H. Hiddink, D. K. G. de Boer, and M. P. C. M. Krijin, “Multi-view 3D Displays,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 38, 1154–1157 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kuen Lee, J. C.

J. C. Kuen Lee and F. Tseng, “Shutter Glass Stereo LCD with a Dynamic Backlight,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 72370X (2009).

Mashitani, K.

K. Mashitani, G. Hamagishi, M. Higashino, T. Ando, and S. Takemoto, “Step barrier system multi-view glass-less 3-D display,” Proc. SPIE 5291, 265–272 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mitsuhashi, T.

S. Yano, M. Emoto, and T. Mitsuhashi, “Two factors in visual fatigue caused by stereoscopic HDTV images,” Displays 25(4), 141–150 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ohzu, H.

Roh, S.

H. Kang, S. Roh, I. Baik, H. Jung, W. Jeong, J. Shin, and I. Chung, “A Novel Polarizer Glasses-type 3D Displays with a Patterned Retarder,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 41, 1–4 (2010)
[Crossref]

Shin, J.

H. Kang, S. Roh, I. Baik, H. Jung, W. Jeong, J. Shin, and I. Chung, “A Novel Polarizer Glasses-type 3D Displays with a Patterned Retarder,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 41, 1–4 (2010)
[Crossref]

Takemoto, S.

K. Mashitani, G. Hamagishi, M. Higashino, T. Ando, and S. Takemoto, “Step barrier system multi-view glass-less 3-D display,” Proc. SPIE 5291, 265–272 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tanabe, T.

Y. Yoshihara, H. Ujike, and T. Tanabe, “3D crosstalk of stereoscopic (3D) display using patterned retarder and corresponding glasses,” Proc. IDW, 15, 1135–1138 (2008).

Tseng, F.

J. C. Kuen Lee and F. Tseng, “Shutter Glass Stereo LCD with a Dynamic Backlight,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 72370X (2009).

Ujike, H.

Y. Yoshihara, H. Ujike, and T. Tanabe, “3D crosstalk of stereoscopic (3D) display using patterned retarder and corresponding glasses,” Proc. IDW, 15, 1135–1138 (2008).

Willemsen, O. H.

O. H. Willemsen, S. T. de Zwart, M. G. H. Hiddink, D. K. G. de Boer, and M. P. C. M. Krijin, “Multi-view 3D Displays,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 38, 1154–1157 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yano, S.

S. Yano, M. Emoto, and T. Mitsuhashi, “Two factors in visual fatigue caused by stereoscopic HDTV images,” Displays 25(4), 141–150 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yoshihara, Y.

Y. Yoshihara, H. Ujike, and T. Tanabe, “3D crosstalk of stereoscopic (3D) display using patterned retarder and corresponding glasses,” Proc. IDW, 15, 1135–1138 (2008).

You, B. H.

S. S. Kim, B. H. You, H. J. Choi, B. H. Berkeley, D. G. Kim, and N. D. Kim, “World's First 240Hz TFT‐LCD Technology for Full‐HD LCD‐TV and Its Application to 3D Display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 40, 424–427 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Displays (1)

S. Yano, M. Emoto, and T. Mitsuhashi, “Two factors in visual fatigue caused by stereoscopic HDTV images,” Displays 25(4), 141–150 (2004).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (2)

K. Mashitani, G. Hamagishi, M. Higashino, T. Ando, and S. Takemoto, “Step barrier system multi-view glass-less 3-D display,” Proc. SPIE 5291, 265–272 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. C. Kuen Lee and F. Tseng, “Shutter Glass Stereo LCD with a Dynamic Backlight,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 72370X (2009).

Other (4)

Y. Yoshihara, H. Ujike, and T. Tanabe, “3D crosstalk of stereoscopic (3D) display using patterned retarder and corresponding glasses,” Proc. IDW, 15, 1135–1138 (2008).

H. Kang, S. Roh, I. Baik, H. Jung, W. Jeong, J. Shin, and I. Chung, “A Novel Polarizer Glasses-type 3D Displays with a Patterned Retarder,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 41, 1–4 (2010)
[Crossref]

O. H. Willemsen, S. T. de Zwart, M. G. H. Hiddink, D. K. G. de Boer, and M. P. C. M. Krijin, “Multi-view 3D Displays,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 38, 1154–1157 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. S. Kim, B. H. You, H. J. Choi, B. H. Berkeley, D. G. Kim, and N. D. Kim, “World's First 240Hz TFT‐LCD Technology for Full‐HD LCD‐TV and Its Application to 3D Display,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 40, 424–427 (2009).
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic illustration of the proposed fabrication process of FPR using in-plane electric field. (a) Structure of the in-plane electrode. The electrode direction in zone A and B is orthogonal and the electrode in zone A’ is identical to zone A. (b) after RM coating on PES film, (c) RM coated PES film attached on in-plane electrode, (d) turning on electric field, (e) irradiating UV light, and (f) RM film detached from the electrode.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 POM image of the film coated with RM in the presence of the electric field before UV exposure.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 POM image of the RM film attached onto the electrode substrate after UV exposure. The electrode direction of the top column was at (a) 45°, (b) 30° (c) 15°, and (d) 0° to the polarizer, respectively. Inset of (a) is the magnified image with the scale bar of 30 μm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 POM image of the polymerized RM film after separation from the electrode substrate. The electrode direction was at (a) 45°, (b) 30°, (c) 15°, and (d) 0° to the polarizer, respectively.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 POM image of the UV-polymerized RM film between crossed polarizers. A quarter wave plate film was inserted between the sample and the polarizer.

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