Abstract

Plasmonic dark modes are pure near-field resonances since their dipole moments are vanishing in far field. These modes are particularly interesting to enhance nonlinear light-matter interaction at the nanometer scale because radiative losses are mitigated therefore increasing the intrinsic lifetime of the resonances. However, the excitation of dark modes by standard far field approaches is generally inefficient because the symmetry of the electromagnetic near-field distribution has a poor overlap with the excitation field. Here, we demonstrate the selective optical excitation of bright and dark plasmonic modes of single gold nanorods by spatial phase-shaping the excitation beam. Using two-photon luminescence measurements, we unambiguously identify the symmetry and the order of the emitting modes and analyze their angular distribution by Fourier-space imaging.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. I. Stockman, “Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 137404 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. L. Novotny, “Effective wavelength scaling for optical antennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 266802 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H.-H. Wang, C.-Y. Liu, S.-B. Wu, N.-W. Liu, C.-Y. Peng, T.-H. Chan, C.-F. Hsu, J.-K. Wang, and Y.-L. Wang, “Highly raman-enhancing substrates based on silver nanoparticle arrays with tunable sub-10-nm gaps,” Adv. Mat. 18, 491–495 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Righini, P. Ghenuche, S. Cherukulappurath, V. Myroshnychenko, F. J. G. de Abajo, and R. Quidant, “Nano-optical trapping of rayleigh particles and escherichia coli bacteria with resonant optical antennas,” Nano Lett. 9, 3387–3391 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. L. Novotny, R. X. Bian, and X. S. Xie, “Theory of nanometric optical tweezers,” Phys. Rev. Lett 79, 645–648 (1997).
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  9. A. Ahmed and R. Gordon, “Single molecule directivity enhanced raman scattering using nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 12, 2625–2630 (2012).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. P. Nordlander, C. Oubre, E. Prodan, K. Li, and M. I. Stockman, “Plasmon hybridization in nanoparticle dimers,” Nano Lett. 4, 899–903 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Liu, T.-W. Lee, S. K. Gray, P. Guyot-Sionnest, and M. Pelton, “Excitation of dark plasmons in metal nanoparticles by a localized emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 107401 (2009).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. G. Volpe, S. Cherukulappurath, R. Juanola Parramon, G. Molina-Terriza, and R. Quidant, “Controlling the optical near field of nanoantennas with spatial phase-shaped beams,” Nano Lett. 9, 3608–3611 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. A. Bouhelier, M. Beversluis, and L. Novotny, “Characterization of nanoplasmonic structures by locally excited photoluminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4596 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  25. C. Chicanne, T. David, R. Quidant, J. C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, E. Bourillot, A. Dereux, G. C. des Francs, and C. Girard, “Imaging the local density of states of optical corrals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 097402 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. P. Muhlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308, 1607–1609 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  27. K. Imura, T. Nagahara, and H. Okamoto, “Near-field two-photon-induced photoluminescence from single gold nanorods and imaging of plasmon modes,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 13214–13220 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  28. L. Novotny, E. J. Sanchez, and X. S. Xie, “Near-field optical imaging using metal tips illuminated by higher-order hermite-gaussian beams,” Ultramicroscopy 71, 21–29 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  29. C. Huang, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bruyant, A. Guenot, E. Finot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Gain, detuning, and radiation patterns of nanoparticle optical antennas,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 155407 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  30. P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370–4379 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  31. E. Tatartschuk, E. Shamonina, and L. Solymar, “Plasmonic excitations in metallic nanoparticles: Resonances, dispersion characteristics and near-field patterns,” Opt. Express 17, 8447–8460 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. A. Yariv, “Coupled mode theory for guided-wave optics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 919–933 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  33. E. Cubukcu and F. Capasso, “Optical nanorod antennas as dispersive one-dimensional Fabry-Perrot resonators for surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 201101 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  34. T. H. Taminiau, F. D. Stefani, and N. F. van Hulst, “Optical nanorod antennas modeled as cavities for dipolar emitters: Evolution of sub- and super-radiant modes,” Nano Lett. 11, 1020–1024 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. A. G. Curto, T. H. Taminiau, G. Volpe, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Multipolar radiation of quantum emitters with nanowire optical antennas,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1750 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. Y. Ould Agha, O. Demichel, C. Girard, A. Bouhelier, and G. Colas des Francs, “Near-field properties of plasmonic nanostructures with high aspect ratio,” to be published in J. of Prog. Electromag. Res. (2014).
  37. G. Colas des Francs, C. Girard, and A. Dereux, “Theory of near-field optical imaging with a single molecule as light source,” J. Chem. Phys. 117, 4659–4666 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  38. M. A. Lieb, J. M. Zavislan, and L. Novotny, “Single-molecule orientations determined by direct emission pattern imaging,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1210–1215 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  39. I. Sersic, C. Tuambilangana, and A. F. Koenderink, “Fourier microscopy of single plasmonic scatterers,” New J. Phys. 13, 083019 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (2)

D. E. Gomez, Z. Q. Teo, M. Altissimo, T. J. Davis, S. Earl, and A. Roberts, “The dark side of plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 13, 3722–3728 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Curto, T. H. Taminiau, G. Volpe, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Multipolar radiation of quantum emitters with nanowire optical antennas,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1750 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (5)

D. Solis, B. Willingham, S. L. Nauert, L. S. Slaughter, J. Olson, P. Swanglap, A. Paul, W.-S. Chang, and S. Link, “Electromagnetic energy transport in nanoparticle chains via dark plasmon modes,” Nano Lett. 12, 1349–1353 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ahmed and R. Gordon, “Single molecule directivity enhanced raman scattering using nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 12, 2625–2630 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. P. Busson, B. Rolly, B. Stout, N. Bonod, and S. Bidault, “Accelerated single photon emission from dye molecule driven nanoantennas assembled on dna,” Nat. Commun. 3, 962 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F.-P. Schmidt, H. Ditlbacher, U. Hohenester, A. Hohenau, F. Hofer, and J. R. Krenn, “Dark plasmonic breathing modes in silver nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 12, 5780–5783 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Berthelot, G. Bachelier, M. Song, P. Rai, G. Colas des Francs, A. Dereux, and A. Bouhelier, “Silencing and enhancement of second-harmonic generation in optical gap antennas,” Opt. Express 20, 10498–10508 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

I. Sersic, C. Tuambilangana, and A. F. Koenderink, “Fourier microscopy of single plasmonic scatterers,” New J. Phys. 13, 083019 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Taminiau, F. D. Stefani, and N. F. van Hulst, “Optical nanorod antennas modeled as cavities for dipolar emitters: Evolution of sub- and super-radiant modes,” Nano Lett. 11, 1020–1024 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

J.-S. Huang, J. Kern, P. Geisler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Mode imaging and selection in strongly coupled nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 10, 2105–2110 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (6)

G. Volpe, S. Cherukulappurath, R. Juanola Parramon, G. Molina-Terriza, and R. Quidant, “Controlling the optical near field of nanoantennas with spatial phase-shaped beams,” Nano Lett. 9, 3608–3611 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M.-W. Chu, V. Myroshnychenko, C. H. Chen, J.-P. Deng, C.-Y. Mou, and F. J. Garca de Abajo, “Probing bright and dark surface-plasmon modes in individual and coupled noble metal nanoparticles using an electron beam,” Nano Lett. 9, 399–404 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Liu, T.-W. Lee, S. K. Gray, P. Guyot-Sionnest, and M. Pelton, “Excitation of dark plasmons in metal nanoparticles by a localized emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 107401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Cubukcu and F. Capasso, “Optical nanorod antennas as dispersive one-dimensional Fabry-Perrot resonators for surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 201101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Righini, P. Ghenuche, S. Cherukulappurath, V. Myroshnychenko, F. J. G. de Abajo, and R. Quidant, “Nano-optical trapping of rayleigh particles and escherichia coli bacteria with resonant optical antennas,” Nano Lett. 9, 3387–3391 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Tatartschuk, E. Shamonina, and L. Solymar, “Plasmonic excitations in metallic nanoparticles: Resonances, dispersion characteristics and near-field patterns,” Opt. Express 17, 8447–8460 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

D. Gérard, J. Wenger, A. Devilez, D. Gachet, B. Stout, N. Bonod, E. Popov, and H. Rigneault, “Strong electromagnetic confinement near dielectric microspheres to enhance single-molecule fluorescence,” Opt. Express 16, 15297–15303 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Huang, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bruyant, A. Guenot, E. Finot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Gain, detuning, and radiation patterns of nanoparticle optical antennas,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 155407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

L. Novotny, “Effective wavelength scaling for optical antennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 266802 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

H.-H. Wang, C.-Y. Liu, S.-B. Wu, N.-W. Liu, C.-Y. Peng, T.-H. Chan, C.-F. Hsu, J.-K. Wang, and Y.-L. Wang, “Highly raman-enhancing substrates based on silver nanoparticle arrays with tunable sub-10-nm gaps,” Adv. Mat. 18, 491–495 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Miyazaki and Y. Kurokawa, “Squeezing visible light waves into a 3-nm-thick and 55-nm-long plasmon cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 097401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Cubukcu, E. A. Kort, K. B. Crozier, and F. Capasso, “Plasmonic laser antenna,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (5)

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Muhlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308, 1607–1609 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Imura, T. Nagahara, and H. Okamoto, “Near-field two-photon-induced photoluminescence from single gold nanorods and imaging of plasmon modes,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 13214–13220 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, B. K. Kelley, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 235420 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Schuck, D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 017402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

M. I. Stockman, “Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 137404 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Nordlander, C. Oubre, E. Prodan, K. Li, and M. I. Stockman, “Plasmon hybridization in nanoparticle dimers,” Nano Lett. 4, 899–903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Lieb, J. M. Zavislan, and L. Novotny, “Single-molecule orientations determined by direct emission pattern imaging,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1210–1215 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. Bouhelier, M. Beversluis, and L. Novotny, “Characterization of nanoplasmonic structures by locally excited photoluminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4596 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

C. Chicanne, T. David, R. Quidant, J. C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, E. Bourillot, A. Dereux, G. C. des Francs, and C. Girard, “Imaging the local density of states of optical corrals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 097402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Colas des Francs, C. Girard, and A. Dereux, “Theory of near-field optical imaging with a single molecule as light source,” J. Chem. Phys. 117, 4659–4666 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

L. Novotny, E. J. Sanchez, and X. S. Xie, “Near-field optical imaging using metal tips illuminated by higher-order hermite-gaussian beams,” Ultramicroscopy 71, 21–29 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Garcia-Parajoy, J.-A. Veerman, S. J. T. van Noort, B. G. de Grooth, J. Greve, and N. F. van Hulst, “Near-field optical microscopy for dna studies at the single molecular level,” Bioimaging 6, 43–53 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

L. Novotny, R. X. Bian, and X. S. Xie, “Theory of nanometric optical tweezers,” Phys. Rev. Lett 79, 645–648 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

A. Yariv, “Coupled mode theory for guided-wave optics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 919–933 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Ahmed, A.

A. Ahmed and R. Gordon, “Single molecule directivity enhanced raman scattering using nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 12, 2625–2630 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aizpurua, J.

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, B. K. Kelley, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 235420 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Altissimo, M.

D. E. Gomez, Z. Q. Teo, M. Altissimo, T. J. Davis, S. Earl, and A. Roberts, “The dark side of plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 13, 3722–3728 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aussenegg, F. R.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bachelier, G.

Berthelot, J.

Beversluis, M.

A. Bouhelier, M. Beversluis, and L. Novotny, “Characterization of nanoplasmonic structures by locally excited photoluminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4596 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Biagioni, P.

J.-S. Huang, J. Kern, P. Geisler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Mode imaging and selection in strongly coupled nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 10, 2105–2110 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bian, R. X.

L. Novotny, R. X. Bian, and X. S. Xie, “Theory of nanometric optical tweezers,” Phys. Rev. Lett 79, 645–648 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bidault, S.

M. P. Busson, B. Rolly, B. Stout, N. Bonod, and S. Bidault, “Accelerated single photon emission from dye molecule driven nanoantennas assembled on dna,” Nat. Commun. 3, 962 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bonod, N.

M. P. Busson, B. Rolly, B. Stout, N. Bonod, and S. Bidault, “Accelerated single photon emission from dye molecule driven nanoantennas assembled on dna,” Nat. Commun. 3, 962 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Gérard, J. Wenger, A. Devilez, D. Gachet, B. Stout, N. Bonod, E. Popov, and H. Rigneault, “Strong electromagnetic confinement near dielectric microspheres to enhance single-molecule fluorescence,” Opt. Express 16, 15297–15303 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouhelier, A.

J. Berthelot, G. Bachelier, M. Song, P. Rai, G. Colas des Francs, A. Dereux, and A. Bouhelier, “Silencing and enhancement of second-harmonic generation in optical gap antennas,” Opt. Express 20, 10498–10508 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Huang, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bruyant, A. Guenot, E. Finot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Gain, detuning, and radiation patterns of nanoparticle optical antennas,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 155407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Bouhelier, M. Beversluis, and L. Novotny, “Characterization of nanoplasmonic structures by locally excited photoluminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4596 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ould Agha, O. Demichel, C. Girard, A. Bouhelier, and G. Colas des Francs, “Near-field properties of plasmonic nanostructures with high aspect ratio,” to be published in J. of Prog. Electromag. Res. (2014).

Bourillot, E.

C. Chicanne, T. David, R. Quidant, J. C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, E. Bourillot, A. Dereux, G. C. des Francs, and C. Girard, “Imaging the local density of states of optical corrals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 097402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bruyant, A.

C. Huang, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bruyant, A. Guenot, E. Finot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Gain, detuning, and radiation patterns of nanoparticle optical antennas,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 155407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bryant, G. W.

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, B. K. Kelley, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 235420 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Busson, M. P.

M. P. Busson, B. Rolly, B. Stout, N. Bonod, and S. Bidault, “Accelerated single photon emission from dye molecule driven nanoantennas assembled on dna,” Nat. Commun. 3, 962 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Capasso, F.

E. Cubukcu and F. Capasso, “Optical nanorod antennas as dispersive one-dimensional Fabry-Perrot resonators for surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 201101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Cubukcu, E. A. Kort, K. B. Crozier, and F. Capasso, “Plasmonic laser antenna,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chan, T.-H.

H.-H. Wang, C.-Y. Liu, S.-B. Wu, N.-W. Liu, C.-Y. Peng, T.-H. Chan, C.-F. Hsu, J.-K. Wang, and Y.-L. Wang, “Highly raman-enhancing substrates based on silver nanoparticle arrays with tunable sub-10-nm gaps,” Adv. Mat. 18, 491–495 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chang, W.-S.

D. Solis, B. Willingham, S. L. Nauert, L. S. Slaughter, J. Olson, P. Swanglap, A. Paul, W.-S. Chang, and S. Link, “Electromagnetic energy transport in nanoparticle chains via dark plasmon modes,” Nano Lett. 12, 1349–1353 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, C. H.

M.-W. Chu, V. Myroshnychenko, C. H. Chen, J.-P. Deng, C.-Y. Mou, and F. J. Garca de Abajo, “Probing bright and dark surface-plasmon modes in individual and coupled noble metal nanoparticles using an electron beam,” Nano Lett. 9, 399–404 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cherukulappurath, S.

G. Volpe, S. Cherukulappurath, R. Juanola Parramon, G. Molina-Terriza, and R. Quidant, “Controlling the optical near field of nanoantennas with spatial phase-shaped beams,” Nano Lett. 9, 3608–3611 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Righini, P. Ghenuche, S. Cherukulappurath, V. Myroshnychenko, F. J. G. de Abajo, and R. Quidant, “Nano-optical trapping of rayleigh particles and escherichia coli bacteria with resonant optical antennas,” Nano Lett. 9, 3387–3391 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chicanne, C.

C. Chicanne, T. David, R. Quidant, J. C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, E. Bourillot, A. Dereux, G. C. des Francs, and C. Girard, “Imaging the local density of states of optical corrals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 097402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Chu, M.-W.

M.-W. Chu, V. Myroshnychenko, C. H. Chen, J.-P. Deng, C.-Y. Mou, and F. J. Garca de Abajo, “Probing bright and dark surface-plasmon modes in individual and coupled noble metal nanoparticles using an electron beam,” Nano Lett. 9, 399–404 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Colas des Francs, G.

J. Berthelot, G. Bachelier, M. Song, P. Rai, G. Colas des Francs, A. Dereux, and A. Bouhelier, “Silencing and enhancement of second-harmonic generation in optical gap antennas,” Opt. Express 20, 10498–10508 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Huang, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bruyant, A. Guenot, E. Finot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Gain, detuning, and radiation patterns of nanoparticle optical antennas,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 155407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Colas des Francs, C. Girard, and A. Dereux, “Theory of near-field optical imaging with a single molecule as light source,” J. Chem. Phys. 117, 4659–4666 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ould Agha, O. Demichel, C. Girard, A. Bouhelier, and G. Colas des Francs, “Near-field properties of plasmonic nanostructures with high aspect ratio,” to be published in J. of Prog. Electromag. Res. (2014).

Crozier, K. B.

E. Cubukcu, E. A. Kort, K. B. Crozier, and F. Capasso, “Plasmonic laser antenna,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cubukcu, E.

E. Cubukcu and F. Capasso, “Optical nanorod antennas as dispersive one-dimensional Fabry-Perrot resonators for surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 201101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Cubukcu, E. A. Kort, K. B. Crozier, and F. Capasso, “Plasmonic laser antenna,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Curto, A. G.

A. G. Curto, T. H. Taminiau, G. Volpe, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Multipolar radiation of quantum emitters with nanowire optical antennas,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1750 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

David, T.

C. Chicanne, T. David, R. Quidant, J. C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, E. Bourillot, A. Dereux, G. C. des Francs, and C. Girard, “Imaging the local density of states of optical corrals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 097402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davis, T. J.

D. E. Gomez, Z. Q. Teo, M. Altissimo, T. J. Davis, S. Earl, and A. Roberts, “The dark side of plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 13, 3722–3728 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Abajo, F. J. G.

M. Righini, P. Ghenuche, S. Cherukulappurath, V. Myroshnychenko, F. J. G. de Abajo, and R. Quidant, “Nano-optical trapping of rayleigh particles and escherichia coli bacteria with resonant optical antennas,” Nano Lett. 9, 3387–3391 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Grooth, B. G.

M. F. Garcia-Parajoy, J.-A. Veerman, S. J. T. van Noort, B. G. de Grooth, J. Greve, and N. F. van Hulst, “Near-field optical microscopy for dna studies at the single molecular level,” Bioimaging 6, 43–53 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Demichel, O.

Y. Ould Agha, O. Demichel, C. Girard, A. Bouhelier, and G. Colas des Francs, “Near-field properties of plasmonic nanostructures with high aspect ratio,” to be published in J. of Prog. Electromag. Res. (2014).

Deng, J.-P.

M.-W. Chu, V. Myroshnychenko, C. H. Chen, J.-P. Deng, C.-Y. Mou, and F. J. Garca de Abajo, “Probing bright and dark surface-plasmon modes in individual and coupled noble metal nanoparticles using an electron beam,” Nano Lett. 9, 399–404 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

J. Berthelot, G. Bachelier, M. Song, P. Rai, G. Colas des Francs, A. Dereux, and A. Bouhelier, “Silencing and enhancement of second-harmonic generation in optical gap antennas,” Opt. Express 20, 10498–10508 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Huang, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bruyant, A. Guenot, E. Finot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Gain, detuning, and radiation patterns of nanoparticle optical antennas,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 155407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Colas des Francs, C. Girard, and A. Dereux, “Theory of near-field optical imaging with a single molecule as light source,” J. Chem. Phys. 117, 4659–4666 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Chicanne, T. David, R. Quidant, J. C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, E. Bourillot, A. Dereux, G. C. des Francs, and C. Girard, “Imaging the local density of states of optical corrals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 097402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

des Francs, G. C.

C. Chicanne, T. David, R. Quidant, J. C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, E. Bourillot, A. Dereux, G. C. des Francs, and C. Girard, “Imaging the local density of states of optical corrals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 097402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Devilez, A.

Ditlbacher, H.

F.-P. Schmidt, H. Ditlbacher, U. Hohenester, A. Hohenau, F. Hofer, and J. R. Krenn, “Dark plasmonic breathing modes in silver nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 12, 5780–5783 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Earl, S.

D. E. Gomez, Z. Q. Teo, M. Altissimo, T. J. Davis, S. Earl, and A. Roberts, “The dark side of plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 13, 3722–3728 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eisler, H.-J.

P. Muhlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308, 1607–1609 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Finot, E.

C. Huang, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bruyant, A. Guenot, E. Finot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Gain, detuning, and radiation patterns of nanoparticle optical antennas,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 155407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Forchel, A.

J.-S. Huang, J. Kern, P. Geisler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Mode imaging and selection in strongly coupled nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 10, 2105–2110 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fromm, D. P.

P. J. Schuck, D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 017402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gachet, D.

Garca de Abajo, F. J.

M.-W. Chu, V. Myroshnychenko, C. H. Chen, J.-P. Deng, C.-Y. Mou, and F. J. Garca de Abajo, “Probing bright and dark surface-plasmon modes in individual and coupled noble metal nanoparticles using an electron beam,” Nano Lett. 9, 399–404 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Garcia de Abajo, F. J.

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, B. K. Kelley, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 235420 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Parajoy, M. F.

M. F. Garcia-Parajoy, J.-A. Veerman, S. J. T. van Noort, B. G. de Grooth, J. Greve, and N. F. van Hulst, “Near-field optical microscopy for dna studies at the single molecular level,” Bioimaging 6, 43–53 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Geisler, P.

J.-S. Huang, J. Kern, P. Geisler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Mode imaging and selection in strongly coupled nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 10, 2105–2110 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gérard, D.

Ghenuche, P.

M. Righini, P. Ghenuche, S. Cherukulappurath, V. Myroshnychenko, F. J. G. de Abajo, and R. Quidant, “Nano-optical trapping of rayleigh particles and escherichia coli bacteria with resonant optical antennas,” Nano Lett. 9, 3387–3391 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Girard, C.

C. Chicanne, T. David, R. Quidant, J. C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, E. Bourillot, A. Dereux, G. C. des Francs, and C. Girard, “Imaging the local density of states of optical corrals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 097402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Colas des Francs, C. Girard, and A. Dereux, “Theory of near-field optical imaging with a single molecule as light source,” J. Chem. Phys. 117, 4659–4666 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ould Agha, O. Demichel, C. Girard, A. Bouhelier, and G. Colas des Francs, “Near-field properties of plasmonic nanostructures with high aspect ratio,” to be published in J. of Prog. Electromag. Res. (2014).

Gomez, D. E.

D. E. Gomez, Z. Q. Teo, M. Altissimo, T. J. Davis, S. Earl, and A. Roberts, “The dark side of plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 13, 3722–3728 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gordon, R.

A. Ahmed and R. Gordon, “Single molecule directivity enhanced raman scattering using nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 12, 2625–2630 (2012).
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M. Liu, T.-W. Lee, S. K. Gray, P. Guyot-Sionnest, and M. Pelton, “Excitation of dark plasmons in metal nanoparticles by a localized emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 107401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Greve, J.

M. F. Garcia-Parajoy, J.-A. Veerman, S. J. T. van Noort, B. G. de Grooth, J. Greve, and N. F. van Hulst, “Near-field optical microscopy for dna studies at the single molecular level,” Bioimaging 6, 43–53 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Guenot, A.

C. Huang, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bruyant, A. Guenot, E. Finot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Gain, detuning, and radiation patterns of nanoparticle optical antennas,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 155407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Guyot-Sionnest, P.

M. Liu, T.-W. Lee, S. K. Gray, P. Guyot-Sionnest, and M. Pelton, “Excitation of dark plasmons in metal nanoparticles by a localized emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 107401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hecht, B.

J.-S. Huang, J. Kern, P. Geisler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Mode imaging and selection in strongly coupled nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 10, 2105–2110 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Muhlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308, 1607–1609 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hofer, F.

F.-P. Schmidt, H. Ditlbacher, U. Hohenester, A. Hohenau, F. Hofer, and J. R. Krenn, “Dark plasmonic breathing modes in silver nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 12, 5780–5783 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hohenau, A.

F.-P. Schmidt, H. Ditlbacher, U. Hohenester, A. Hohenau, F. Hofer, and J. R. Krenn, “Dark plasmonic breathing modes in silver nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 12, 5780–5783 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hohenester, U.

F.-P. Schmidt, H. Ditlbacher, U. Hohenester, A. Hohenau, F. Hofer, and J. R. Krenn, “Dark plasmonic breathing modes in silver nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 12, 5780–5783 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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H.-H. Wang, C.-Y. Liu, S.-B. Wu, N.-W. Liu, C.-Y. Peng, T.-H. Chan, C.-F. Hsu, J.-K. Wang, and Y.-L. Wang, “Highly raman-enhancing substrates based on silver nanoparticle arrays with tunable sub-10-nm gaps,” Adv. Mat. 18, 491–495 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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C. Huang, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bruyant, A. Guenot, E. Finot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Gain, detuning, and radiation patterns of nanoparticle optical antennas,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 155407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J.-S.

J.-S. Huang, J. Kern, P. Geisler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Mode imaging and selection in strongly coupled nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 10, 2105–2110 (2010).
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K. Imura, T. Nagahara, and H. Okamoto, “Near-field two-photon-induced photoluminescence from single gold nanorods and imaging of plasmon modes,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 13214–13220 (2005).
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P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370–4379 (1972).
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G. Volpe, S. Cherukulappurath, R. Juanola Parramon, G. Molina-Terriza, and R. Quidant, “Controlling the optical near field of nanoantennas with spatial phase-shaped beams,” Nano Lett. 9, 3608–3611 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kamp, M.

J.-S. Huang, J. Kern, P. Geisler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Mode imaging and selection in strongly coupled nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 10, 2105–2110 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kelley, B. K.

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, B. K. Kelley, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 235420 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kern, J.

J.-S. Huang, J. Kern, P. Geisler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Mode imaging and selection in strongly coupled nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 10, 2105–2110 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kino, G. S.

P. J. Schuck, D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 017402 (2005).
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I. Sersic, C. Tuambilangana, and A. F. Koenderink, “Fourier microscopy of single plasmonic scatterers,” New J. Phys. 13, 083019 (2011).
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Kort, E. A.

E. Cubukcu, E. A. Kort, K. B. Crozier, and F. Capasso, “Plasmonic laser antenna,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kreibig, U.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krenn, J. R.

F.-P. Schmidt, H. Ditlbacher, U. Hohenester, A. Hohenau, F. Hofer, and J. R. Krenn, “Dark plasmonic breathing modes in silver nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 12, 5780–5783 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kreuzer, M. P.

A. G. Curto, T. H. Taminiau, G. Volpe, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Multipolar radiation of quantum emitters with nanowire optical antennas,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1750 (2013).
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H. T. Miyazaki and Y. Kurokawa, “Squeezing visible light waves into a 3-nm-thick and 55-nm-long plasmon cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 097401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lacroute, Y.

C. Chicanne, T. David, R. Quidant, J. C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, E. Bourillot, A. Dereux, G. C. des Francs, and C. Girard, “Imaging the local density of states of optical corrals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 097402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, T.-W.

M. Liu, T.-W. Lee, S. K. Gray, P. Guyot-Sionnest, and M. Pelton, “Excitation of dark plasmons in metal nanoparticles by a localized emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 107401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, K.

P. Nordlander, C. Oubre, E. Prodan, K. Li, and M. I. Stockman, “Plasmon hybridization in nanoparticle dimers,” Nano Lett. 4, 899–903 (2004).
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Lieb, M. A.

Link, S.

D. Solis, B. Willingham, S. L. Nauert, L. S. Slaughter, J. Olson, P. Swanglap, A. Paul, W.-S. Chang, and S. Link, “Electromagnetic energy transport in nanoparticle chains via dark plasmon modes,” Nano Lett. 12, 1349–1353 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, C.-Y.

H.-H. Wang, C.-Y. Liu, S.-B. Wu, N.-W. Liu, C.-Y. Peng, T.-H. Chan, C.-F. Hsu, J.-K. Wang, and Y.-L. Wang, “Highly raman-enhancing substrates based on silver nanoparticle arrays with tunable sub-10-nm gaps,” Adv. Mat. 18, 491–495 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, M.

M. Liu, T.-W. Lee, S. K. Gray, P. Guyot-Sionnest, and M. Pelton, “Excitation of dark plasmons in metal nanoparticles by a localized emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 107401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, N.-W.

H.-H. Wang, C.-Y. Liu, S.-B. Wu, N.-W. Liu, C.-Y. Peng, T.-H. Chan, C.-F. Hsu, J.-K. Wang, and Y.-L. Wang, “Highly raman-enhancing substrates based on silver nanoparticle arrays with tunable sub-10-nm gaps,” Adv. Mat. 18, 491–495 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mallouk, T.

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, B. K. Kelley, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 235420 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Martin, O. J. F.

P. Muhlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308, 1607–1609 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Miyazaki, H. T.

H. T. Miyazaki and Y. Kurokawa, “Squeezing visible light waves into a 3-nm-thick and 55-nm-long plasmon cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 097401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moerner, W. E.

P. J. Schuck, D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 017402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Molina-Terriza, G.

G. Volpe, S. Cherukulappurath, R. Juanola Parramon, G. Molina-Terriza, and R. Quidant, “Controlling the optical near field of nanoantennas with spatial phase-shaped beams,” Nano Lett. 9, 3608–3611 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mou, C.-Y.

M.-W. Chu, V. Myroshnychenko, C. H. Chen, J.-P. Deng, C.-Y. Mou, and F. J. Garca de Abajo, “Probing bright and dark surface-plasmon modes in individual and coupled noble metal nanoparticles using an electron beam,” Nano Lett. 9, 399–404 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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P. Muhlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308, 1607–1609 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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M.-W. Chu, V. Myroshnychenko, C. H. Chen, J.-P. Deng, C.-Y. Mou, and F. J. Garca de Abajo, “Probing bright and dark surface-plasmon modes in individual and coupled noble metal nanoparticles using an electron beam,” Nano Lett. 9, 399–404 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Righini, P. Ghenuche, S. Cherukulappurath, V. Myroshnychenko, F. J. G. de Abajo, and R. Quidant, “Nano-optical trapping of rayleigh particles and escherichia coli bacteria with resonant optical antennas,” Nano Lett. 9, 3387–3391 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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K. Imura, T. Nagahara, and H. Okamoto, “Near-field two-photon-induced photoluminescence from single gold nanorods and imaging of plasmon modes,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 13214–13220 (2005).
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D. Solis, B. Willingham, S. L. Nauert, L. S. Slaughter, J. Olson, P. Swanglap, A. Paul, W.-S. Chang, and S. Link, “Electromagnetic energy transport in nanoparticle chains via dark plasmon modes,” Nano Lett. 12, 1349–1353 (2012).
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P. Nordlander, C. Oubre, E. Prodan, K. Li, and M. I. Stockman, “Plasmon hybridization in nanoparticle dimers,” Nano Lett. 4, 899–903 (2004).
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K. Imura, T. Nagahara, and H. Okamoto, “Near-field two-photon-induced photoluminescence from single gold nanorods and imaging of plasmon modes,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 13214–13220 (2005).
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D. Solis, B. Willingham, S. L. Nauert, L. S. Slaughter, J. Olson, P. Swanglap, A. Paul, W.-S. Chang, and S. Link, “Electromagnetic energy transport in nanoparticle chains via dark plasmon modes,” Nano Lett. 12, 1349–1353 (2012).
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P. Nordlander, C. Oubre, E. Prodan, K. Li, and M. I. Stockman, “Plasmon hybridization in nanoparticle dimers,” Nano Lett. 4, 899–903 (2004).
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Ould Agha, Y.

Y. Ould Agha, O. Demichel, C. Girard, A. Bouhelier, and G. Colas des Francs, “Near-field properties of plasmonic nanostructures with high aspect ratio,” to be published in J. of Prog. Electromag. Res. (2014).

Paul, A.

D. Solis, B. Willingham, S. L. Nauert, L. S. Slaughter, J. Olson, P. Swanglap, A. Paul, W.-S. Chang, and S. Link, “Electromagnetic energy transport in nanoparticle chains via dark plasmon modes,” Nano Lett. 12, 1349–1353 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pelton, M.

M. Liu, T.-W. Lee, S. K. Gray, P. Guyot-Sionnest, and M. Pelton, “Excitation of dark plasmons in metal nanoparticles by a localized emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 107401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peng, C.-Y.

H.-H. Wang, C.-Y. Liu, S.-B. Wu, N.-W. Liu, C.-Y. Peng, T.-H. Chan, C.-F. Hsu, J.-K. Wang, and Y.-L. Wang, “Highly raman-enhancing substrates based on silver nanoparticle arrays with tunable sub-10-nm gaps,” Adv. Mat. 18, 491–495 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pohl, D. W.

P. Muhlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308, 1607–1609 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Popov, E.

Prodan, E.

P. Nordlander, C. Oubre, E. Prodan, K. Li, and M. I. Stockman, “Plasmon hybridization in nanoparticle dimers,” Nano Lett. 4, 899–903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Quidant, R.

A. G. Curto, T. H. Taminiau, G. Volpe, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Multipolar radiation of quantum emitters with nanowire optical antennas,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1750 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Righini, P. Ghenuche, S. Cherukulappurath, V. Myroshnychenko, F. J. G. de Abajo, and R. Quidant, “Nano-optical trapping of rayleigh particles and escherichia coli bacteria with resonant optical antennas,” Nano Lett. 9, 3387–3391 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Volpe, S. Cherukulappurath, R. Juanola Parramon, G. Molina-Terriza, and R. Quidant, “Controlling the optical near field of nanoantennas with spatial phase-shaped beams,” Nano Lett. 9, 3608–3611 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Chicanne, T. David, R. Quidant, J. C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, E. Bourillot, A. Dereux, G. C. des Francs, and C. Girard, “Imaging the local density of states of optical corrals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 097402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rai, P.

Richter, L. J.

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, B. K. Kelley, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 235420 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Righini, M.

M. Righini, P. Ghenuche, S. Cherukulappurath, V. Myroshnychenko, F. J. G. de Abajo, and R. Quidant, “Nano-optical trapping of rayleigh particles and escherichia coli bacteria with resonant optical antennas,” Nano Lett. 9, 3387–3391 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rigneault, H.

Roberts, A.

D. E. Gomez, Z. Q. Teo, M. Altissimo, T. J. Davis, S. Earl, and A. Roberts, “The dark side of plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 13, 3722–3728 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rogers, M.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rolly, B.

M. P. Busson, B. Rolly, B. Stout, N. Bonod, and S. Bidault, “Accelerated single photon emission from dye molecule driven nanoantennas assembled on dna,” Nat. Commun. 3, 962 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez, E. J.

L. Novotny, E. J. Sanchez, and X. S. Xie, “Near-field optical imaging using metal tips illuminated by higher-order hermite-gaussian beams,” Ultramicroscopy 71, 21–29 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, F.-P.

F.-P. Schmidt, H. Ditlbacher, U. Hohenester, A. Hohenau, F. Hofer, and J. R. Krenn, “Dark plasmonic breathing modes in silver nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 12, 5780–5783 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schuck, P. J.

P. J. Schuck, D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 017402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sersic, I.

I. Sersic, C. Tuambilangana, and A. F. Koenderink, “Fourier microscopy of single plasmonic scatterers,” New J. Phys. 13, 083019 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shamonina, E.

Slaughter, L. S.

D. Solis, B. Willingham, S. L. Nauert, L. S. Slaughter, J. Olson, P. Swanglap, A. Paul, W.-S. Chang, and S. Link, “Electromagnetic energy transport in nanoparticle chains via dark plasmon modes,” Nano Lett. 12, 1349–1353 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Solis, D.

D. Solis, B. Willingham, S. L. Nauert, L. S. Slaughter, J. Olson, P. Swanglap, A. Paul, W.-S. Chang, and S. Link, “Electromagnetic energy transport in nanoparticle chains via dark plasmon modes,” Nano Lett. 12, 1349–1353 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Solymar, L.

Song, M.

Stefani, F. D.

T. H. Taminiau, F. D. Stefani, and N. F. van Hulst, “Optical nanorod antennas modeled as cavities for dipolar emitters: Evolution of sub- and super-radiant modes,” Nano Lett. 11, 1020–1024 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stockman, M. I.

M. I. Stockman, “Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 137404 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Nordlander, C. Oubre, E. Prodan, K. Li, and M. I. Stockman, “Plasmon hybridization in nanoparticle dimers,” Nano Lett. 4, 899–903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stout, B.

M. P. Busson, B. Rolly, B. Stout, N. Bonod, and S. Bidault, “Accelerated single photon emission from dye molecule driven nanoantennas assembled on dna,” Nat. Commun. 3, 962 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Gérard, J. Wenger, A. Devilez, D. Gachet, B. Stout, N. Bonod, E. Popov, and H. Rigneault, “Strong electromagnetic confinement near dielectric microspheres to enhance single-molecule fluorescence,” Opt. Express 16, 15297–15303 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sundaramurthy, A.

P. J. Schuck, D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 017402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Swanglap, P.

D. Solis, B. Willingham, S. L. Nauert, L. S. Slaughter, J. Olson, P. Swanglap, A. Paul, W.-S. Chang, and S. Link, “Electromagnetic energy transport in nanoparticle chains via dark plasmon modes,” Nano Lett. 12, 1349–1353 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taminiau, T. H.

A. G. Curto, T. H. Taminiau, G. Volpe, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Multipolar radiation of quantum emitters with nanowire optical antennas,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1750 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. H. Taminiau, F. D. Stefani, and N. F. van Hulst, “Optical nanorod antennas modeled as cavities for dipolar emitters: Evolution of sub- and super-radiant modes,” Nano Lett. 11, 1020–1024 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tatartschuk, E.

Teo, Z. Q.

D. E. Gomez, Z. Q. Teo, M. Altissimo, T. J. Davis, S. Earl, and A. Roberts, “The dark side of plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 13, 3722–3728 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tuambilangana, C.

I. Sersic, C. Tuambilangana, and A. F. Koenderink, “Fourier microscopy of single plasmonic scatterers,” New J. Phys. 13, 083019 (2011).
[CrossRef]

van Hulst, N. F.

A. G. Curto, T. H. Taminiau, G. Volpe, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Multipolar radiation of quantum emitters with nanowire optical antennas,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1750 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. H. Taminiau, F. D. Stefani, and N. F. van Hulst, “Optical nanorod antennas modeled as cavities for dipolar emitters: Evolution of sub- and super-radiant modes,” Nano Lett. 11, 1020–1024 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. Garcia-Parajoy, J.-A. Veerman, S. J. T. van Noort, B. G. de Grooth, J. Greve, and N. F. van Hulst, “Near-field optical microscopy for dna studies at the single molecular level,” Bioimaging 6, 43–53 (1998).
[CrossRef]

van Noort, S. J. T.

M. F. Garcia-Parajoy, J.-A. Veerman, S. J. T. van Noort, B. G. de Grooth, J. Greve, and N. F. van Hulst, “Near-field optical microscopy for dna studies at the single molecular level,” Bioimaging 6, 43–53 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Veerman, J.-A.

M. F. Garcia-Parajoy, J.-A. Veerman, S. J. T. van Noort, B. G. de Grooth, J. Greve, and N. F. van Hulst, “Near-field optical microscopy for dna studies at the single molecular level,” Bioimaging 6, 43–53 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Volpe, G.

A. G. Curto, T. H. Taminiau, G. Volpe, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Multipolar radiation of quantum emitters with nanowire optical antennas,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1750 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Volpe, S. Cherukulappurath, R. Juanola Parramon, G. Molina-Terriza, and R. Quidant, “Controlling the optical near field of nanoantennas with spatial phase-shaped beams,” Nano Lett. 9, 3608–3611 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wagner, D.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, H.-H.

H.-H. Wang, C.-Y. Liu, S.-B. Wu, N.-W. Liu, C.-Y. Peng, T.-H. Chan, C.-F. Hsu, J.-K. Wang, and Y.-L. Wang, “Highly raman-enhancing substrates based on silver nanoparticle arrays with tunable sub-10-nm gaps,” Adv. Mat. 18, 491–495 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.-K.

H.-H. Wang, C.-Y. Liu, S.-B. Wu, N.-W. Liu, C.-Y. Peng, T.-H. Chan, C.-F. Hsu, J.-K. Wang, and Y.-L. Wang, “Highly raman-enhancing substrates based on silver nanoparticle arrays with tunable sub-10-nm gaps,” Adv. Mat. 18, 491–495 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.-L.

H.-H. Wang, C.-Y. Liu, S.-B. Wu, N.-W. Liu, C.-Y. Peng, T.-H. Chan, C.-F. Hsu, J.-K. Wang, and Y.-L. Wang, “Highly raman-enhancing substrates based on silver nanoparticle arrays with tunable sub-10-nm gaps,” Adv. Mat. 18, 491–495 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Weeber, J. C.

C. Chicanne, T. David, R. Quidant, J. C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, E. Bourillot, A. Dereux, G. C. des Francs, and C. Girard, “Imaging the local density of states of optical corrals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 097402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weeber, J.-C.

C. Huang, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bruyant, A. Guenot, E. Finot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Gain, detuning, and radiation patterns of nanoparticle optical antennas,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 155407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Weinmann, P.

J.-S. Huang, J. Kern, P. Geisler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Mode imaging and selection in strongly coupled nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 10, 2105–2110 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wenger, J.

Willingham, B.

D. Solis, B. Willingham, S. L. Nauert, L. S. Slaughter, J. Olson, P. Swanglap, A. Paul, W.-S. Chang, and S. Link, “Electromagnetic energy transport in nanoparticle chains via dark plasmon modes,” Nano Lett. 12, 1349–1353 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, S.-B.

H.-H. Wang, C.-Y. Liu, S.-B. Wu, N.-W. Liu, C.-Y. Peng, T.-H. Chan, C.-F. Hsu, J.-K. Wang, and Y.-L. Wang, “Highly raman-enhancing substrates based on silver nanoparticle arrays with tunable sub-10-nm gaps,” Adv. Mat. 18, 491–495 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xie, X. S.

L. Novotny, E. J. Sanchez, and X. S. Xie, “Near-field optical imaging using metal tips illuminated by higher-order hermite-gaussian beams,” Ultramicroscopy 71, 21–29 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Novotny, R. X. Bian, and X. S. Xie, “Theory of nanometric optical tweezers,” Phys. Rev. Lett 79, 645–648 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, “Coupled mode theory for guided-wave optics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 919–933 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Zavislan, J. M.

Adv. Mat. (1)

H.-H. Wang, C.-Y. Liu, S.-B. Wu, N.-W. Liu, C.-Y. Peng, T.-H. Chan, C.-F. Hsu, J.-K. Wang, and Y.-L. Wang, “Highly raman-enhancing substrates based on silver nanoparticle arrays with tunable sub-10-nm gaps,” Adv. Mat. 18, 491–495 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

E. Cubukcu, E. A. Kort, K. B. Crozier, and F. Capasso, “Plasmonic laser antenna,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 093120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Bouhelier, M. Beversluis, and L. Novotny, “Characterization of nanoplasmonic structures by locally excited photoluminescence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4596 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. Cubukcu and F. Capasso, “Optical nanorod antennas as dispersive one-dimensional Fabry-Perrot resonators for surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 201101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bioimaging (1)

M. F. Garcia-Parajoy, J.-A. Veerman, S. J. T. van Noort, B. G. de Grooth, J. Greve, and N. F. van Hulst, “Near-field optical microscopy for dna studies at the single molecular level,” Bioimaging 6, 43–53 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Yariv, “Coupled mode theory for guided-wave optics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 9, 919–933 (1973).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

G. Colas des Francs, C. Girard, and A. Dereux, “Theory of near-field optical imaging with a single molecule as light source,” J. Chem. Phys. 117, 4659–4666 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

K. Imura, T. Nagahara, and H. Okamoto, “Near-field two-photon-induced photoluminescence from single gold nanorods and imaging of plasmon modes,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 13214–13220 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (10)

M.-W. Chu, V. Myroshnychenko, C. H. Chen, J.-P. Deng, C.-Y. Mou, and F. J. Garca de Abajo, “Probing bright and dark surface-plasmon modes in individual and coupled noble metal nanoparticles using an electron beam,” Nano Lett. 9, 399–404 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F.-P. Schmidt, H. Ditlbacher, U. Hohenester, A. Hohenau, F. Hofer, and J. R. Krenn, “Dark plasmonic breathing modes in silver nanodisks,” Nano Lett. 12, 5780–5783 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ahmed and R. Gordon, “Single molecule directivity enhanced raman scattering using nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 12, 2625–2630 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. H. Taminiau, F. D. Stefani, and N. F. van Hulst, “Optical nanorod antennas modeled as cavities for dipolar emitters: Evolution of sub- and super-radiant modes,” Nano Lett. 11, 1020–1024 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Righini, P. Ghenuche, S. Cherukulappurath, V. Myroshnychenko, F. J. G. de Abajo, and R. Quidant, “Nano-optical trapping of rayleigh particles and escherichia coli bacteria with resonant optical antennas,” Nano Lett. 9, 3387–3391 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Nordlander, C. Oubre, E. Prodan, K. Li, and M. I. Stockman, “Plasmon hybridization in nanoparticle dimers,” Nano Lett. 4, 899–903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Solis, B. Willingham, S. L. Nauert, L. S. Slaughter, J. Olson, P. Swanglap, A. Paul, W.-S. Chang, and S. Link, “Electromagnetic energy transport in nanoparticle chains via dark plasmon modes,” Nano Lett. 12, 1349–1353 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-S. Huang, J. Kern, P. Geisler, P. Weinmann, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Mode imaging and selection in strongly coupled nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 10, 2105–2110 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Volpe, S. Cherukulappurath, R. Juanola Parramon, G. Molina-Terriza, and R. Quidant, “Controlling the optical near field of nanoantennas with spatial phase-shaped beams,” Nano Lett. 9, 3608–3611 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. E. Gomez, Z. Q. Teo, M. Altissimo, T. J. Davis, S. Earl, and A. Roberts, “The dark side of plasmonics,” Nano Lett. 13, 3722–3728 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (2)

M. P. Busson, B. Rolly, B. Stout, N. Bonod, and S. Bidault, “Accelerated single photon emission from dye molecule driven nanoantennas assembled on dna,” Nat. Commun. 3, 962 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Curto, T. H. Taminiau, G. Volpe, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, “Multipolar radiation of quantum emitters with nanowire optical antennas,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1750 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

I. Sersic, C. Tuambilangana, and A. F. Koenderink, “Fourier microscopy of single plasmonic scatterers,” New J. Phys. 13, 083019 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Phys. Rev. B (3)

J. Aizpurua, G. W. Bryant, L. J. Richter, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, B. K. Kelley, and T. Mallouk, “Optical properties of coupled metallic nanorods for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 235420 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Huang, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, A. Bruyant, A. Guenot, E. Finot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, “Gain, detuning, and radiation patterns of nanoparticle optical antennas,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 155407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett (1)

L. Novotny, R. X. Bian, and X. S. Xie, “Theory of nanometric optical tweezers,” Phys. Rev. Lett 79, 645–648 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (7)

P. J. Schuck, D. P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G. S. Kino, and W. E. Moerner, “Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 017402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. T. Miyazaki and Y. Kurokawa, “Squeezing visible light waves into a 3-nm-thick and 55-nm-long plasmon cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 097401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. I. Stockman, “Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 137404 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Novotny, “Effective wavelength scaling for optical antennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 266802 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Liu, T.-W. Lee, S. K. Gray, P. Guyot-Sionnest, and M. Pelton, “Excitation of dark plasmons in metal nanoparticles by a localized emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 107401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Chicanne, T. David, R. Quidant, J. C. Weeber, Y. Lacroute, E. Bourillot, A. Dereux, G. C. des Francs, and C. Girard, “Imaging the local density of states of optical corrals,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 097402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

P. Muhlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308, 1607–1609 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ultramicroscopy (1)

L. Novotny, E. J. Sanchez, and X. S. Xie, “Near-field optical imaging using metal tips illuminated by higher-order hermite-gaussian beams,” Ultramicroscopy 71, 21–29 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

Y. Ould Agha, O. Demichel, C. Girard, A. Bouhelier, and G. Colas des Francs, “Near-field properties of plasmonic nanostructures with high aspect ratio,” to be published in J. of Prog. Electromag. Res. (2014).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic view of the experimental setup described in the text. In inset is shown a SEM image of a 500 nm long gold nanorod.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Bright Modes : (a) Distribution of TPL intensity versus nanorod length for a HG0,0(x, y) excitation beam. The horizontal axis corresponds to the nanorod position relatively to the excitation beam. (b) Zoom on the confocal images of the TPL from the 96 and 780 nm long nanorods. The scale bar is of 500 nm. (c) The length dependence of the maximum TPL signal (red columns) is compared to the simulated intensity of the electric field integrated 5 nm around the nanorods (blue line) for a plane wave excitation. (d) Simulated spatial distribution of the Ex component 10 nm below the nanorod for a 100 nm and a 380 nm long nanorods at an excitation wavelength of 800 nm. The black lines indicate the contour of the corresponding nanorods.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dark Modes : (a) Mapping of the nanorod TPL intensity versus the nanorod length for a HG1,0(x, y) excitation beam. The horizontal axis corresponds to the nanorod position relatively to the excitation beam. (b) Zoom on the confocal images of the TPL from the 96 and 250 nm long nanorods. The scale bar is of 500 nm. (c) The length dependence of the maximal TPL intensity (red columns) is compared to the simulated intensity of the electric field integrated in a volume of 5 nm around the nanorods (blue line). The excitation is similar to a HG1,0(x, y) focused beam centered on the nanorod. (d) Simulated spatial distribution of the Ex component 10 nm below the nanorods for lengths of 250 nm and 520 nm at an excitation wavelength of 800 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a–e) angular distributions (Fourier plane) of the back-scattered light polarized along the nanorod for m=1 to m=4 modes, and for an off-resonant 909 nm long structure. The detection is limited by the NA of the objective (1.49). The critical angle at NA=1 is also marked. The filtering mask in clearly observed at the center of the Fourier plane images. (gl) angular distributions calculated with Dyadic Green function for above mentioned cases. (m–r) angular distributions calculated by the coherent superposition of the field emitted by two in-phase or π-dephased dipoles separated by the corresponding nanorod lengths.

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