Abstract

The smaller pixel size and high frame rate of next-generation photon counting pixel detectors opens new opportunities for the application of X-ray coherent diffractive imaging (CDI). In this manuscript we demonstrate fast image acquisition for ptychography using an Eiger detector. We achieve above 25,000 resolution elements per second, or an effective dwell time of 40 μs per resolution element, when imaging a 500 μm × 290 μm region of an integrated electronic circuit with 41 nm resolution. We further present the application of a scheme of sharing information between image parts that allows the field of view to exceed the range of the piezoelectric scanning system and requirements on the stability of the illumination to be relaxed.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2014 (2)

A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Poeppel, A. Menzel, and O. Bunk, “Characterization of carbon fibers using X-ray phase nanotomography,” Carbon 67, 98–103 (2014).
[CrossRef]

M. Holler, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, P. Karvinen, E. Färm, E. Härkönen, M. Ritala, A. Menzel, J. Raabe, and O. Bunk, “Hard x-ray ptychographic computed tomography at 16 nm 3D resolution,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3857 (2014).
[CrossRef]

2013 (13)

E. Lima, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, S. Gorelick, P. Pernot, T. Schleier, and A. Menzel, “Cryo-scanning X-ray diffraction microscopy of frozen-hydrated yeast,” J. Microsc. 249, 1–7 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Marchal, I. Horswell, B. Willis, R. Plackett, E. N. Gimenez, J. Spiers, D. Ballard, P. Booker, J. A. Thompson, P. Gibbons, S. R. Burge, T. Nicholls, J. Lipp, and N. Tartoni, “EXCALIBUR: a small-pixel photon counting area detector for coherent X-ray diffraction - Front-end design, fabrication and characterisation,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 425, 062003 (2013).

T. B. Edo, D. J. Batey, A. M. Maiden, C. Rau, U. Wagner, Z. D. Pešić, T. A. Waigh, and J. M. Rodenburg, “Sampling in x-ray ptychography,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 053850 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Esmaeili, J. B. Fløystad, A. Diaz, K. Høydalsvik, M. Guizar-Sicairos, J. W. Andreasen, and D. W. Breiby, “Ptychographic X-ray tomography of silk fiber hydration,” Macromolecules 46, 434–439 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Takahashi, A. Suzuki, S. Furutaku, K. Yamauchi, Y. Kohmura, and T. Ishikawa, “High-resolution and high-sensitivity phase-contrast imaging by focused hard X-ray ptychography with a spatial filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 094102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. N. Wilke, M. Vassholz, and T. Salditt, “Semi-transparent central stop in high-resolution X-ray ptychography using Kirkpatrick–Baez focusing,” Acta Cryst. A 69, 490–497 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. Thibault and A. Menzel, “Reconstructing state mixtures from diffraction measurements,” Nature 494, 68–71 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Maiden, G. Morrison, B. Kaulich, A. Gianoncelli, and J. Rodenburg, “Soft X-ray spectromicroscopy using ptychography with randomly phased illumination,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1669 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. M. Jones, G. A. van Riessen, B. Abbey, C. T. Putkunz, M. D. Junker, E. Balaur, D. J. Vine, I. McNulty, B. Chen, B. D. Arhatari, S. Frankland, K. A. Nugent, L. Tilley, and A. G. Peele, “Whole-cell phase contrast imaging at the nanoscale using Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging tomography,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2288 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Trtik, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Menzel, and O. Bunk, “Density mapping of hardened cement paste using ptychographic X-ray computed tomography,” Cem. Concr. Compos. 36, 71–77 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Chen, M. Guizar-Sicairos, G. Xiong, L. Shemilt, A. Diaz, J. Nutter, N. Burdet, S. Huo, J. Mancuso, A. Monteith, F. Vergeer, A. Burgess, and I. Robinson, “Three-dimensional structure analysis and percolation properties of a barrier marine coating,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1177 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Medjoubi, N. Leclercq, F. Langlois, A. Buteau, S. Lé, S. Poirier, P. Mercère, M. C. Sforna, C. M. Kewish, and A. Somogyi, “Development of fast, simultaneous and multi-technique scanning hard X-ray microscopy at Synchrotron Soleil,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 20, 293–299 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. T. Kelly, P. Nigge, S. Prakash, A. Laskin, B. Wang, T. Tyliszczak, S. R. Leone, and M. K. Gilles, “An environmental sample chamber for reliable scanning transmission x-ray microscopy measurements under water vapor,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84, 073708 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (8)

A. M. Maiden, M. J. Humphry, and J. M. Rodenburg, “Ptychographic transmission microscopy in three dimensions using a multi-slice approach,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29, 1606–1614 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Vine, D. Pelliccia, C. Holzner, S. B. Baines, A. Berry, I. McNulty, S. Vogt, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Simultaneous x-ray fluorescence and ptychographic microscopy of cyclotella meneghiniana,” Opt. Express 20, 18287–18296 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. N. Wilke, M. Priebe, M. Bartels, K. Giewekemeyer, A. Diaz, P. Karvinen, and T. Salditt, “Hard x-ray imaging of bacterial cells: nano-diffraction and ptychographic reconstruction,” Opt. Express 20, 19232–19254 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Schropp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, F. Seiboth, S. Stephan, G. Wellenreuther, G. Falkenberg, and C. Schroer, “Hard x-ray scanning microscopy with coherent radiation: Beyond the resolution of conventional x-ray microscopes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 253112 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Thibault and M. Guizar-Sicairos, “Maximum-likelihood refinement for coherent diffractive imaging,” New J. Phys. 14, 063004 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. Johnson, A. Bergamaschi, J. Buitenhuis, R. Dinapoli, D. Greiffenberg, B. Henrich, T. Ikonen, G. Meier, A. Menzel, A. Mozzanica, V. Radicci, D. K. Satapathy, B. Schmitt, and X. Shi, “Capturing dynamics with Eiger, a fast-framing X-ray detector,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 19, 1001–1005 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Diaz, P. Trtik, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Menzel, P. Thibault, and O. Bunk, “Quantitative X-ray phase nanotomography,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 020104(R) (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Holler, J. Raabe, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, C. Quitmann, A. Menzel, and O. Bunk, “An instrument for 3D X-ray nano-imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 073703 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (9)

A. Schropp, P. Boye, A. Goldschmidt, S. Hönig, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, C. Rakete, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, S. Schöder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Non-destructive and quantitative imaging of a nano-structured microchip by ptychographic hard X-ray scanning microscopy,” J. Microsc. 241, 9–12 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Godard, A. M. Carbone, G. F. Mastropietro, G. Chen, L. Capello, A. Diaz, T. H. Metzger, and J. Stangl, “Three-dimensional high-resolution quantitative microscopy of extended crystals,” Nat. Commun. 2, 568 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Ponchut, J. M. Rigal, J. Clément, E. Papillon, A. Homs, and S. Petitdemange, “MAXIPIX, a fast readout photon-counting x-ray area detector for synchrotron applications,” J. Instrum. 6, C01069 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Takahashi, A. Suzuki, N. Zettsu, Y. Kohmura, Y. Senba, H. Ohashi, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Towards high-resolution ptychographic x-ray diffraction microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 214109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Dinapoli, A. Bergamaschi, B. Henrich, R. Horisberger, I. Johnson, A. Mozzanica, E. Schmid, B. Schmitt, A. Schreiber, X. Shi, and G. Theidel, “Eiger: Next generation single photon counting detector for x-ray applications,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A 650, 79–83 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Maiden, M. J. Humphry, F. Zhang, and J. M. Rodenburg, “Superresolution imaging via ptychography,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 28, 604–612 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Vila-Comamala, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Mantion, C. M. Kewish, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, and C. David, “Characterization of high-resolution diffractive x-ray optics by ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging,” Opt. Express 19, 21333–21344 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Diaz, M. Holler, M. S. Lucas, A. Menzel, R. A. Wepf, and O. Bunk, “Phase tomography from X-ray coherent diffractive imaging projections,” Opt. Express 19, 21345–21357 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Ballabriga, M. Campbell, E. Heijne, X. Llopart, L. Tlustos, and W. Wong, “Medipix3: A 64 k pixel detector readout chip working in single photon counting mode with improved spectrometric performance,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 633(Supp. 1), S15–S18 (2011). 11th International Workshop on Radiation Imaging Detectors (IWORID).
[CrossRef]

2010 (6)

J. Thieme, J. Sedlmair, S.-C. Gleber, J. Prietzel, J. Coates, K. Eusterhues, G. Abbt-Braun, and M. Salome, “X-ray spectromicroscopy in soil and environmental sciences,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17, 149–157 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Dierolf, P. Thibault, A. Menzel, C. M. Kewish, K. Jefimovs, I. Schlichting, K. von Knig, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging of weakly scattering specimens,” New J. Phys. 12, 035017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Kewish, M. Guizar-Sicairos, C. Liu, J. Qian, B. Shi, C. Benson, A. M. Khounsary, J. Vila-Comamala, O. Bunk, J. R. Fienup, A. T. Macrander, and L. Assoufid, “Reconstruction of an astigmatic hard x-ray beam and alignment of K-B mirrors from ptychographic coherent diffraction data,” Opt. Express 18, 23420–23427 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Schropp, P. Boye, J. M. Feldkamp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, K. Giewekemeyer, R. N. Wilke, T. Salditt, J. Gulden, A. P. Mancuso, I. A. Vartanyants, E. Weckert, S. Schder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Hard x-ray nanobeam characterization by coherent diffraction microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 091102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Dilanian, G. J. Williams, L. W. Whitehead, D. J. Vine, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, I. McNulty, H. M. Quiney, and K. A. Nugent, “Coherent diffractive imaging: a new statistically regularized amplitude constraint,” New J. Phys. 12, 093042 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Dierolf, A. Menzel, P. Thibault, P. Schneider, C. M. Kewish, R. Wepf, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic X-ray computed tomography at the nanoscale,” Nature 467, 436–439 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (5)

B. Henrich, A. Bergamaschi, C. Broennimann, R. Dinapoli, E. F. Eikenberry, I. Johnson, M. Kobas, P. Kraft, A. Mozzanica, and B. Schmitt, “Pilatus: A single photon counting pixel detector for x-ray applications,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 607, 247–249 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Kraft, A. Bergamaschi, C. Broennimann, R. Dinapoli, E. F. Eikenberry, B. Henrich, I. Johnson, A. Mozzanica, C. M. Schlepütz, P. R. Willmott, and B. Schmitt, “Performance of single-photon-counting PILATUS detector modules,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16, 368–375 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Thibault, M. Dierolf, O. Bunk, A. Menzel, and F. Pfeiffer, “Probe retrieval in ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging,” Ultramicroscopy 109, 338–343 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Guizar-Sicairos and J. R. Fienup, “Measurement of coherent x-ray focused beams by phase retrieval with transverse translation diversity,” Opt. Express 17, 2670–2685 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Maiden and J. M. Rodenburg, “An improved ptychographical phase retrieval algorithm for diffractive imaging,” Ultramicroscopy 109, 1256–1262 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (5)

B. Abbey, G. J. Williams, M. A. Pfeifer, J. N. Clark, C. T. Putkunz, A. Torrance, I. McNulty, T. M. Levin, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Quantitative coherent diffractive imaging of an integrated circuit at a spatial resolution of 20 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 214101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Guizar-Sicairos, S. T. Thurman, and J. R. Fienup, “Efficient subpixel image registration algorithms,” Opt. Lett. 33, 156–158 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Guizar-Sicairos and J. R. Fienup, “Phase retrieval with transverse translation diversity: a nonlinear optimization approach,” Opt. Express 16, 7264–7278 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Thibault, M. Dierolf, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, C. David, and F. Pfeiffer, “High-resolution scanning X-ray diffraction microscopy,” Science 321, 379–382 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Abbey, K. Nugent, G. Williams, J. Clark, A. Peele, M. Pfeifer, M. de Jonge, and I. McNulty, “Keyhole coherent diffractive imaging,” Nat. Phys. 4, 394–398 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

M. van Heel and M. Schatz, “Fourier shell correlation threshold criteria,” J. Struct. Biol. 151, 250–262 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

H. M. L. Faulkner and J. M. Rodenburg, “Movable aperture lensless transmission microscopy: A novel phase retrieval algorithm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 023903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

X. Llopart, M. Campbell, R. Dinapoli, D. San Segundo, and E. Pernigotti, “Medipix2: A 64-k pixel readout chip with 55 μm square elements working in single photon counting mode,” Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on 49, 2279–2283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

J. Miao, P. Charalambous, J. Kirz, and D. Sayre, “Extending the methodology of X-ray crystallography to allow imaging of micrometre-sized non-crystalline specimens,” Nature 400, 342–344 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

1972 (1)

R. W. Gerchberg, “A practical algorithm for the determination of phase from image and diffraction plane pictures,” Optik 35, 237 (1972).

Abbey, B.

M. W. M. Jones, G. A. van Riessen, B. Abbey, C. T. Putkunz, M. D. Junker, E. Balaur, D. J. Vine, I. McNulty, B. Chen, B. D. Arhatari, S. Frankland, K. A. Nugent, L. Tilley, and A. G. Peele, “Whole-cell phase contrast imaging at the nanoscale using Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging tomography,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2288 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Abbey, K. Nugent, G. Williams, J. Clark, A. Peele, M. Pfeifer, M. de Jonge, and I. McNulty, “Keyhole coherent diffractive imaging,” Nat. Phys. 4, 394–398 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Abbey, G. J. Williams, M. A. Pfeifer, J. N. Clark, C. T. Putkunz, A. Torrance, I. McNulty, T. M. Levin, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Quantitative coherent diffractive imaging of an integrated circuit at a spatial resolution of 20 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 214101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Abbt-Braun, G.

J. Thieme, J. Sedlmair, S.-C. Gleber, J. Prietzel, J. Coates, K. Eusterhues, G. Abbt-Braun, and M. Salome, “X-ray spectromicroscopy in soil and environmental sciences,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17, 149–157 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andreasen, J. W.

M. Esmaeili, J. B. Fløystad, A. Diaz, K. Høydalsvik, M. Guizar-Sicairos, J. W. Andreasen, and D. W. Breiby, “Ptychographic X-ray tomography of silk fiber hydration,” Macromolecules 46, 434–439 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Arhatari, B. D.

M. W. M. Jones, G. A. van Riessen, B. Abbey, C. T. Putkunz, M. D. Junker, E. Balaur, D. J. Vine, I. McNulty, B. Chen, B. D. Arhatari, S. Frankland, K. A. Nugent, L. Tilley, and A. G. Peele, “Whole-cell phase contrast imaging at the nanoscale using Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging tomography,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2288 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Assoufid, L.

Baines, S. B.

Balaur, E.

M. W. M. Jones, G. A. van Riessen, B. Abbey, C. T. Putkunz, M. D. Junker, E. Balaur, D. J. Vine, I. McNulty, B. Chen, B. D. Arhatari, S. Frankland, K. A. Nugent, L. Tilley, and A. G. Peele, “Whole-cell phase contrast imaging at the nanoscale using Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging tomography,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2288 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Dilanian, G. J. Williams, L. W. Whitehead, D. J. Vine, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, I. McNulty, H. M. Quiney, and K. A. Nugent, “Coherent diffractive imaging: a new statistically regularized amplitude constraint,” New J. Phys. 12, 093042 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ballabriga, R.

R. Ballabriga, M. Campbell, E. Heijne, X. Llopart, L. Tlustos, and W. Wong, “Medipix3: A 64 k pixel detector readout chip working in single photon counting mode with improved spectrometric performance,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 633(Supp. 1), S15–S18 (2011). 11th International Workshop on Radiation Imaging Detectors (IWORID).
[CrossRef]

Ballard, D.

J. Marchal, I. Horswell, B. Willis, R. Plackett, E. N. Gimenez, J. Spiers, D. Ballard, P. Booker, J. A. Thompson, P. Gibbons, S. R. Burge, T. Nicholls, J. Lipp, and N. Tartoni, “EXCALIBUR: a small-pixel photon counting area detector for coherent X-ray diffraction - Front-end design, fabrication and characterisation,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 425, 062003 (2013).

Bartels, M.

Batey, D. J.

T. B. Edo, D. J. Batey, A. M. Maiden, C. Rau, U. Wagner, Z. D. Pešić, T. A. Waigh, and J. M. Rodenburg, “Sampling in x-ray ptychography,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 053850 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Benson, C.

Bergamaschi, A.

I. Johnson, A. Bergamaschi, J. Buitenhuis, R. Dinapoli, D. Greiffenberg, B. Henrich, T. Ikonen, G. Meier, A. Menzel, A. Mozzanica, V. Radicci, D. K. Satapathy, B. Schmitt, and X. Shi, “Capturing dynamics with Eiger, a fast-framing X-ray detector,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 19, 1001–1005 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Dinapoli, A. Bergamaschi, B. Henrich, R. Horisberger, I. Johnson, A. Mozzanica, E. Schmid, B. Schmitt, A. Schreiber, X. Shi, and G. Theidel, “Eiger: Next generation single photon counting detector for x-ray applications,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A 650, 79–83 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Kraft, A. Bergamaschi, C. Broennimann, R. Dinapoli, E. F. Eikenberry, B. Henrich, I. Johnson, A. Mozzanica, C. M. Schlepütz, P. R. Willmott, and B. Schmitt, “Performance of single-photon-counting PILATUS detector modules,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16, 368–375 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Henrich, A. Bergamaschi, C. Broennimann, R. Dinapoli, E. F. Eikenberry, I. Johnson, M. Kobas, P. Kraft, A. Mozzanica, and B. Schmitt, “Pilatus: A single photon counting pixel detector for x-ray applications,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 607, 247–249 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Johnson, A. Bergamaschi, H. Billich, S. Cartier, R. Dinapoli, D. Greiffenberg, M. Guizar-Sicairos, B. Henrich, A. Mozzanica, B. Schmitt, X. Shi, and G. Tinti, “Eiger: A single photon counting X-ray detector,” J. Instrum., in press (2014).

Berry, A.

Billich, H.

I. Johnson, A. Bergamaschi, H. Billich, S. Cartier, R. Dinapoli, D. Greiffenberg, M. Guizar-Sicairos, B. Henrich, A. Mozzanica, B. Schmitt, X. Shi, and G. Tinti, “Eiger: A single photon counting X-ray detector,” J. Instrum., in press (2014).

Booker, P.

J. Marchal, I. Horswell, B. Willis, R. Plackett, E. N. Gimenez, J. Spiers, D. Ballard, P. Booker, J. A. Thompson, P. Gibbons, S. R. Burge, T. Nicholls, J. Lipp, and N. Tartoni, “EXCALIBUR: a small-pixel photon counting area detector for coherent X-ray diffraction - Front-end design, fabrication and characterisation,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 425, 062003 (2013).

Boye, P.

A. Schropp, P. Boye, A. Goldschmidt, S. Hönig, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, C. Rakete, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, S. Schöder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Non-destructive and quantitative imaging of a nano-structured microchip by ptychographic hard X-ray scanning microscopy,” J. Microsc. 241, 9–12 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Schropp, P. Boye, J. M. Feldkamp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, K. Giewekemeyer, R. N. Wilke, T. Salditt, J. Gulden, A. P. Mancuso, I. A. Vartanyants, E. Weckert, S. Schder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Hard x-ray nanobeam characterization by coherent diffraction microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 091102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Braun, P.

P. Braun, “On-the-fly scans for x-ray ptychography,” Master’s thesis, Université Montpellier2 (2013).

Breiby, D. W.

M. Esmaeili, J. B. Fløystad, A. Diaz, K. Høydalsvik, M. Guizar-Sicairos, J. W. Andreasen, and D. W. Breiby, “Ptychographic X-ray tomography of silk fiber hydration,” Macromolecules 46, 434–439 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Broennimann, C.

B. Henrich, A. Bergamaschi, C. Broennimann, R. Dinapoli, E. F. Eikenberry, I. Johnson, M. Kobas, P. Kraft, A. Mozzanica, and B. Schmitt, “Pilatus: A single photon counting pixel detector for x-ray applications,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 607, 247–249 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Kraft, A. Bergamaschi, C. Broennimann, R. Dinapoli, E. F. Eikenberry, B. Henrich, I. Johnson, A. Mozzanica, C. M. Schlepütz, P. R. Willmott, and B. Schmitt, “Performance of single-photon-counting PILATUS detector modules,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16, 368–375 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Buitenhuis, J.

I. Johnson, A. Bergamaschi, J. Buitenhuis, R. Dinapoli, D. Greiffenberg, B. Henrich, T. Ikonen, G. Meier, A. Menzel, A. Mozzanica, V. Radicci, D. K. Satapathy, B. Schmitt, and X. Shi, “Capturing dynamics with Eiger, a fast-framing X-ray detector,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 19, 1001–1005 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bunk, O.

A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Poeppel, A. Menzel, and O. Bunk, “Characterization of carbon fibers using X-ray phase nanotomography,” Carbon 67, 98–103 (2014).
[CrossRef]

M. Holler, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, P. Karvinen, E. Färm, E. Härkönen, M. Ritala, A. Menzel, J. Raabe, and O. Bunk, “Hard x-ray ptychographic computed tomography at 16 nm 3D resolution,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3857 (2014).
[CrossRef]

P. Trtik, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Menzel, and O. Bunk, “Density mapping of hardened cement paste using ptychographic X-ray computed tomography,” Cem. Concr. Compos. 36, 71–77 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Diaz, P. Trtik, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Menzel, P. Thibault, and O. Bunk, “Quantitative X-ray phase nanotomography,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 020104(R) (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Holler, J. Raabe, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, C. Quitmann, A. Menzel, and O. Bunk, “An instrument for 3D X-ray nano-imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 073703 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Diaz, M. Holler, M. S. Lucas, A. Menzel, R. A. Wepf, and O. Bunk, “Phase tomography from X-ray coherent diffractive imaging projections,” Opt. Express 19, 21345–21357 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Vila-Comamala, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Mantion, C. M. Kewish, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, and C. David, “Characterization of high-resolution diffractive x-ray optics by ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging,” Opt. Express 19, 21333–21344 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Kewish, M. Guizar-Sicairos, C. Liu, J. Qian, B. Shi, C. Benson, A. M. Khounsary, J. Vila-Comamala, O. Bunk, J. R. Fienup, A. T. Macrander, and L. Assoufid, “Reconstruction of an astigmatic hard x-ray beam and alignment of K-B mirrors from ptychographic coherent diffraction data,” Opt. Express 18, 23420–23427 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Dierolf, A. Menzel, P. Thibault, P. Schneider, C. M. Kewish, R. Wepf, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic X-ray computed tomography at the nanoscale,” Nature 467, 436–439 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Dierolf, P. Thibault, A. Menzel, C. M. Kewish, K. Jefimovs, I. Schlichting, K. von Knig, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging of weakly scattering specimens,” New J. Phys. 12, 035017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Thibault, M. Dierolf, O. Bunk, A. Menzel, and F. Pfeiffer, “Probe retrieval in ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging,” Ultramicroscopy 109, 338–343 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Thibault, M. Dierolf, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, C. David, and F. Pfeiffer, “High-resolution scanning X-ray diffraction microscopy,” Science 321, 379–382 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Dierolf, I. Zanette, B. Enders, P. Thibault, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic reconstructions using shared data sets,” (presented in Coherence 2012, International Workshop on Phase retrieval and Coherent Scattering, Fukuoka, Japan, 18–21 June2012).

M. Dierolf, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, F. Pfeiffer, and P. Thibault, “Ptychographic reconstructions using shared data sets,” In preparation (2014).

Burdet, N.

B. Chen, M. Guizar-Sicairos, G. Xiong, L. Shemilt, A. Diaz, J. Nutter, N. Burdet, S. Huo, J. Mancuso, A. Monteith, F. Vergeer, A. Burgess, and I. Robinson, “Three-dimensional structure analysis and percolation properties of a barrier marine coating,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1177 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burge, S. R.

J. Marchal, I. Horswell, B. Willis, R. Plackett, E. N. Gimenez, J. Spiers, D. Ballard, P. Booker, J. A. Thompson, P. Gibbons, S. R. Burge, T. Nicholls, J. Lipp, and N. Tartoni, “EXCALIBUR: a small-pixel photon counting area detector for coherent X-ray diffraction - Front-end design, fabrication and characterisation,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 425, 062003 (2013).

Burgess, A.

B. Chen, M. Guizar-Sicairos, G. Xiong, L. Shemilt, A. Diaz, J. Nutter, N. Burdet, S. Huo, J. Mancuso, A. Monteith, F. Vergeer, A. Burgess, and I. Robinson, “Three-dimensional structure analysis and percolation properties of a barrier marine coating,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1177 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burghammer, M.

A. Schropp, P. Boye, A. Goldschmidt, S. Hönig, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, C. Rakete, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, S. Schöder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Non-destructive and quantitative imaging of a nano-structured microchip by ptychographic hard X-ray scanning microscopy,” J. Microsc. 241, 9–12 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Schropp, P. Boye, J. M. Feldkamp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, K. Giewekemeyer, R. N. Wilke, T. Salditt, J. Gulden, A. P. Mancuso, I. A. Vartanyants, E. Weckert, S. Schder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Hard x-ray nanobeam characterization by coherent diffraction microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 091102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Buteau, A.

K. Medjoubi, N. Leclercq, F. Langlois, A. Buteau, S. Lé, S. Poirier, P. Mercère, M. C. Sforna, C. M. Kewish, and A. Somogyi, “Development of fast, simultaneous and multi-technique scanning hard X-ray microscopy at Synchrotron Soleil,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 20, 293–299 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Campbell, M.

R. Ballabriga, M. Campbell, E. Heijne, X. Llopart, L. Tlustos, and W. Wong, “Medipix3: A 64 k pixel detector readout chip working in single photon counting mode with improved spectrometric performance,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 633(Supp. 1), S15–S18 (2011). 11th International Workshop on Radiation Imaging Detectors (IWORID).
[CrossRef]

X. Llopart, M. Campbell, R. Dinapoli, D. San Segundo, and E. Pernigotti, “Medipix2: A 64-k pixel readout chip with 55 μm square elements working in single photon counting mode,” Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on 49, 2279–2283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Capello, L.

P. Godard, A. M. Carbone, G. F. Mastropietro, G. Chen, L. Capello, A. Diaz, T. H. Metzger, and J. Stangl, “Three-dimensional high-resolution quantitative microscopy of extended crystals,” Nat. Commun. 2, 568 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carbone, A. M.

P. Godard, A. M. Carbone, G. F. Mastropietro, G. Chen, L. Capello, A. Diaz, T. H. Metzger, and J. Stangl, “Three-dimensional high-resolution quantitative microscopy of extended crystals,” Nat. Commun. 2, 568 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cartier, S.

I. Johnson, A. Bergamaschi, H. Billich, S. Cartier, R. Dinapoli, D. Greiffenberg, M. Guizar-Sicairos, B. Henrich, A. Mozzanica, B. Schmitt, X. Shi, and G. Tinti, “Eiger: A single photon counting X-ray detector,” J. Instrum., in press (2014).

Charalambous, P.

J. Miao, P. Charalambous, J. Kirz, and D. Sayre, “Extending the methodology of X-ray crystallography to allow imaging of micrometre-sized non-crystalline specimens,” Nature 400, 342–344 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, B.

B. Chen, M. Guizar-Sicairos, G. Xiong, L. Shemilt, A. Diaz, J. Nutter, N. Burdet, S. Huo, J. Mancuso, A. Monteith, F. Vergeer, A. Burgess, and I. Robinson, “Three-dimensional structure analysis and percolation properties of a barrier marine coating,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1177 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. M. Jones, G. A. van Riessen, B. Abbey, C. T. Putkunz, M. D. Junker, E. Balaur, D. J. Vine, I. McNulty, B. Chen, B. D. Arhatari, S. Frankland, K. A. Nugent, L. Tilley, and A. G. Peele, “Whole-cell phase contrast imaging at the nanoscale using Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging tomography,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2288 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, G.

P. Godard, A. M. Carbone, G. F. Mastropietro, G. Chen, L. Capello, A. Diaz, T. H. Metzger, and J. Stangl, “Three-dimensional high-resolution quantitative microscopy of extended crystals,” Nat. Commun. 2, 568 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clark, J.

B. Abbey, K. Nugent, G. Williams, J. Clark, A. Peele, M. Pfeifer, M. de Jonge, and I. McNulty, “Keyhole coherent diffractive imaging,” Nat. Phys. 4, 394–398 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Clark, J. N.

B. Abbey, G. J. Williams, M. A. Pfeifer, J. N. Clark, C. T. Putkunz, A. Torrance, I. McNulty, T. M. Levin, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Quantitative coherent diffractive imaging of an integrated circuit at a spatial resolution of 20 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 214101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Clément, J.

C. Ponchut, J. M. Rigal, J. Clément, E. Papillon, A. Homs, and S. Petitdemange, “MAXIPIX, a fast readout photon-counting x-ray area detector for synchrotron applications,” J. Instrum. 6, C01069 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Coates, J.

J. Thieme, J. Sedlmair, S.-C. Gleber, J. Prietzel, J. Coates, K. Eusterhues, G. Abbt-Braun, and M. Salome, “X-ray spectromicroscopy in soil and environmental sciences,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17, 149–157 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

David, C.

de Jonge, M.

B. Abbey, K. Nugent, G. Williams, J. Clark, A. Peele, M. Pfeifer, M. de Jonge, and I. McNulty, “Keyhole coherent diffractive imaging,” Nat. Phys. 4, 394–398 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Diaz, A.

M. Holler, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, P. Karvinen, E. Färm, E. Härkönen, M. Ritala, A. Menzel, J. Raabe, and O. Bunk, “Hard x-ray ptychographic computed tomography at 16 nm 3D resolution,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3857 (2014).
[CrossRef]

A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Poeppel, A. Menzel, and O. Bunk, “Characterization of carbon fibers using X-ray phase nanotomography,” Carbon 67, 98–103 (2014).
[CrossRef]

M. Esmaeili, J. B. Fløystad, A. Diaz, K. Høydalsvik, M. Guizar-Sicairos, J. W. Andreasen, and D. W. Breiby, “Ptychographic X-ray tomography of silk fiber hydration,” Macromolecules 46, 434–439 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. Trtik, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Menzel, and O. Bunk, “Density mapping of hardened cement paste using ptychographic X-ray computed tomography,” Cem. Concr. Compos. 36, 71–77 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Chen, M. Guizar-Sicairos, G. Xiong, L. Shemilt, A. Diaz, J. Nutter, N. Burdet, S. Huo, J. Mancuso, A. Monteith, F. Vergeer, A. Burgess, and I. Robinson, “Three-dimensional structure analysis and percolation properties of a barrier marine coating,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1177 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Lima, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, S. Gorelick, P. Pernot, T. Schleier, and A. Menzel, “Cryo-scanning X-ray diffraction microscopy of frozen-hydrated yeast,” J. Microsc. 249, 1–7 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. N. Wilke, M. Priebe, M. Bartels, K. Giewekemeyer, A. Diaz, P. Karvinen, and T. Salditt, “Hard x-ray imaging of bacterial cells: nano-diffraction and ptychographic reconstruction,” Opt. Express 20, 19232–19254 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Diaz, P. Trtik, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Menzel, P. Thibault, and O. Bunk, “Quantitative X-ray phase nanotomography,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 020104(R) (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Holler, J. Raabe, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, C. Quitmann, A. Menzel, and O. Bunk, “An instrument for 3D X-ray nano-imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 073703 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Diaz, M. Holler, M. S. Lucas, A. Menzel, R. A. Wepf, and O. Bunk, “Phase tomography from X-ray coherent diffractive imaging projections,” Opt. Express 19, 21345–21357 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Vila-Comamala, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Mantion, C. M. Kewish, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, and C. David, “Characterization of high-resolution diffractive x-ray optics by ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging,” Opt. Express 19, 21333–21344 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Godard, A. M. Carbone, G. F. Mastropietro, G. Chen, L. Capello, A. Diaz, T. H. Metzger, and J. Stangl, “Three-dimensional high-resolution quantitative microscopy of extended crystals,” Nat. Commun. 2, 568 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dierolf, M.

M. Dierolf, P. Thibault, A. Menzel, C. M. Kewish, K. Jefimovs, I. Schlichting, K. von Knig, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging of weakly scattering specimens,” New J. Phys. 12, 035017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Dierolf, A. Menzel, P. Thibault, P. Schneider, C. M. Kewish, R. Wepf, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic X-ray computed tomography at the nanoscale,” Nature 467, 436–439 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Thibault, M. Dierolf, O. Bunk, A. Menzel, and F. Pfeiffer, “Probe retrieval in ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging,” Ultramicroscopy 109, 338–343 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Thibault, M. Dierolf, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, C. David, and F. Pfeiffer, “High-resolution scanning X-ray diffraction microscopy,” Science 321, 379–382 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Dierolf, I. Zanette, B. Enders, P. Thibault, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic reconstructions using shared data sets,” (presented in Coherence 2012, International Workshop on Phase retrieval and Coherent Scattering, Fukuoka, Japan, 18–21 June2012).

M. Dierolf, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, F. Pfeiffer, and P. Thibault, “Ptychographic reconstructions using shared data sets,” In preparation (2014).

Dilanian, R. A.

R. A. Dilanian, G. J. Williams, L. W. Whitehead, D. J. Vine, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, I. McNulty, H. M. Quiney, and K. A. Nugent, “Coherent diffractive imaging: a new statistically regularized amplitude constraint,” New J. Phys. 12, 093042 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dinapoli, R.

I. Johnson, A. Bergamaschi, J. Buitenhuis, R. Dinapoli, D. Greiffenberg, B. Henrich, T. Ikonen, G. Meier, A. Menzel, A. Mozzanica, V. Radicci, D. K. Satapathy, B. Schmitt, and X. Shi, “Capturing dynamics with Eiger, a fast-framing X-ray detector,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 19, 1001–1005 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Dinapoli, A. Bergamaschi, B. Henrich, R. Horisberger, I. Johnson, A. Mozzanica, E. Schmid, B. Schmitt, A. Schreiber, X. Shi, and G. Theidel, “Eiger: Next generation single photon counting detector for x-ray applications,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A 650, 79–83 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Henrich, A. Bergamaschi, C. Broennimann, R. Dinapoli, E. F. Eikenberry, I. Johnson, M. Kobas, P. Kraft, A. Mozzanica, and B. Schmitt, “Pilatus: A single photon counting pixel detector for x-ray applications,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 607, 247–249 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Kraft, A. Bergamaschi, C. Broennimann, R. Dinapoli, E. F. Eikenberry, B. Henrich, I. Johnson, A. Mozzanica, C. M. Schlepütz, P. R. Willmott, and B. Schmitt, “Performance of single-photon-counting PILATUS detector modules,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16, 368–375 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Llopart, M. Campbell, R. Dinapoli, D. San Segundo, and E. Pernigotti, “Medipix2: A 64-k pixel readout chip with 55 μm square elements working in single photon counting mode,” Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on 49, 2279–2283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Johnson, A. Bergamaschi, H. Billich, S. Cartier, R. Dinapoli, D. Greiffenberg, M. Guizar-Sicairos, B. Henrich, A. Mozzanica, B. Schmitt, X. Shi, and G. Tinti, “Eiger: A single photon counting X-ray detector,” J. Instrum., in press (2014).

Edo, T. B.

T. B. Edo, D. J. Batey, A. M. Maiden, C. Rau, U. Wagner, Z. D. Pešić, T. A. Waigh, and J. M. Rodenburg, “Sampling in x-ray ptychography,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 053850 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Eikenberry, E. F.

P. Kraft, A. Bergamaschi, C. Broennimann, R. Dinapoli, E. F. Eikenberry, B. Henrich, I. Johnson, A. Mozzanica, C. M. Schlepütz, P. R. Willmott, and B. Schmitt, “Performance of single-photon-counting PILATUS detector modules,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16, 368–375 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Henrich, A. Bergamaschi, C. Broennimann, R. Dinapoli, E. F. Eikenberry, I. Johnson, M. Kobas, P. Kraft, A. Mozzanica, and B. Schmitt, “Pilatus: A single photon counting pixel detector for x-ray applications,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 607, 247–249 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Enders, B.

M. Dierolf, I. Zanette, B. Enders, P. Thibault, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic reconstructions using shared data sets,” (presented in Coherence 2012, International Workshop on Phase retrieval and Coherent Scattering, Fukuoka, Japan, 18–21 June2012).

Esmaeili, M.

M. Esmaeili, J. B. Fløystad, A. Diaz, K. Høydalsvik, M. Guizar-Sicairos, J. W. Andreasen, and D. W. Breiby, “Ptychographic X-ray tomography of silk fiber hydration,” Macromolecules 46, 434–439 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Eusterhues, K.

J. Thieme, J. Sedlmair, S.-C. Gleber, J. Prietzel, J. Coates, K. Eusterhues, G. Abbt-Braun, and M. Salome, “X-ray spectromicroscopy in soil and environmental sciences,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17, 149–157 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Falkenberg, G.

A. Schropp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, F. Seiboth, S. Stephan, G. Wellenreuther, G. Falkenberg, and C. Schroer, “Hard x-ray scanning microscopy with coherent radiation: Beyond the resolution of conventional x-ray microscopes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 253112 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Färm, E.

M. Holler, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, P. Karvinen, E. Färm, E. Härkönen, M. Ritala, A. Menzel, J. Raabe, and O. Bunk, “Hard x-ray ptychographic computed tomography at 16 nm 3D resolution,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3857 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Faulkner, H. M. L.

H. M. L. Faulkner and J. M. Rodenburg, “Movable aperture lensless transmission microscopy: A novel phase retrieval algorithm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 023903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feldkamp, J. M.

A. Schropp, P. Boye, J. M. Feldkamp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, K. Giewekemeyer, R. N. Wilke, T. Salditt, J. Gulden, A. P. Mancuso, I. A. Vartanyants, E. Weckert, S. Schder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Hard x-ray nanobeam characterization by coherent diffraction microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 091102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fienup, J. R.

Fløystad, J. B.

M. Esmaeili, J. B. Fløystad, A. Diaz, K. Høydalsvik, M. Guizar-Sicairos, J. W. Andreasen, and D. W. Breiby, “Ptychographic X-ray tomography of silk fiber hydration,” Macromolecules 46, 434–439 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Frankland, S.

M. W. M. Jones, G. A. van Riessen, B. Abbey, C. T. Putkunz, M. D. Junker, E. Balaur, D. J. Vine, I. McNulty, B. Chen, B. D. Arhatari, S. Frankland, K. A. Nugent, L. Tilley, and A. G. Peele, “Whole-cell phase contrast imaging at the nanoscale using Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging tomography,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2288 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Furutaku, S.

Y. Takahashi, A. Suzuki, S. Furutaku, K. Yamauchi, Y. Kohmura, and T. Ishikawa, “High-resolution and high-sensitivity phase-contrast imaging by focused hard X-ray ptychography with a spatial filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 094102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Gerchberg, R. W.

R. W. Gerchberg, “A practical algorithm for the determination of phase from image and diffraction plane pictures,” Optik 35, 237 (1972).

Gianoncelli, A.

A. Maiden, G. Morrison, B. Kaulich, A. Gianoncelli, and J. Rodenburg, “Soft X-ray spectromicroscopy using ptychography with randomly phased illumination,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1669 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gibbons, P.

J. Marchal, I. Horswell, B. Willis, R. Plackett, E. N. Gimenez, J. Spiers, D. Ballard, P. Booker, J. A. Thompson, P. Gibbons, S. R. Burge, T. Nicholls, J. Lipp, and N. Tartoni, “EXCALIBUR: a small-pixel photon counting area detector for coherent X-ray diffraction - Front-end design, fabrication and characterisation,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 425, 062003 (2013).

Giewekemeyer, K.

R. N. Wilke, M. Priebe, M. Bartels, K. Giewekemeyer, A. Diaz, P. Karvinen, and T. Salditt, “Hard x-ray imaging of bacterial cells: nano-diffraction and ptychographic reconstruction,” Opt. Express 20, 19232–19254 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Schropp, P. Boye, J. M. Feldkamp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, K. Giewekemeyer, R. N. Wilke, T. Salditt, J. Gulden, A. P. Mancuso, I. A. Vartanyants, E. Weckert, S. Schder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Hard x-ray nanobeam characterization by coherent diffraction microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 091102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gilles, M. K.

S. T. Kelly, P. Nigge, S. Prakash, A. Laskin, B. Wang, T. Tyliszczak, S. R. Leone, and M. K. Gilles, “An environmental sample chamber for reliable scanning transmission x-ray microscopy measurements under water vapor,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84, 073708 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gimenez, E. N.

J. Marchal, I. Horswell, B. Willis, R. Plackett, E. N. Gimenez, J. Spiers, D. Ballard, P. Booker, J. A. Thompson, P. Gibbons, S. R. Burge, T. Nicholls, J. Lipp, and N. Tartoni, “EXCALIBUR: a small-pixel photon counting area detector for coherent X-ray diffraction - Front-end design, fabrication and characterisation,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 425, 062003 (2013).

Gleber, S.-C.

J. Thieme, J. Sedlmair, S.-C. Gleber, J. Prietzel, J. Coates, K. Eusterhues, G. Abbt-Braun, and M. Salome, “X-ray spectromicroscopy in soil and environmental sciences,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17, 149–157 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Godard, P.

P. Godard, A. M. Carbone, G. F. Mastropietro, G. Chen, L. Capello, A. Diaz, T. H. Metzger, and J. Stangl, “Three-dimensional high-resolution quantitative microscopy of extended crystals,” Nat. Commun. 2, 568 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goldschmidt, A.

A. Schropp, P. Boye, A. Goldschmidt, S. Hönig, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, C. Rakete, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, S. Schöder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Non-destructive and quantitative imaging of a nano-structured microchip by ptychographic hard X-ray scanning microscopy,” J. Microsc. 241, 9–12 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gorelick, S.

E. Lima, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, S. Gorelick, P. Pernot, T. Schleier, and A. Menzel, “Cryo-scanning X-ray diffraction microscopy of frozen-hydrated yeast,” J. Microsc. 249, 1–7 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Greiffenberg, D.

I. Johnson, A. Bergamaschi, J. Buitenhuis, R. Dinapoli, D. Greiffenberg, B. Henrich, T. Ikonen, G. Meier, A. Menzel, A. Mozzanica, V. Radicci, D. K. Satapathy, B. Schmitt, and X. Shi, “Capturing dynamics with Eiger, a fast-framing X-ray detector,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 19, 1001–1005 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Johnson, A. Bergamaschi, H. Billich, S. Cartier, R. Dinapoli, D. Greiffenberg, M. Guizar-Sicairos, B. Henrich, A. Mozzanica, B. Schmitt, X. Shi, and G. Tinti, “Eiger: A single photon counting X-ray detector,” J. Instrum., in press (2014).

Guizar-Sicairos, M.

A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Poeppel, A. Menzel, and O. Bunk, “Characterization of carbon fibers using X-ray phase nanotomography,” Carbon 67, 98–103 (2014).
[CrossRef]

M. Holler, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, P. Karvinen, E. Färm, E. Härkönen, M. Ritala, A. Menzel, J. Raabe, and O. Bunk, “Hard x-ray ptychographic computed tomography at 16 nm 3D resolution,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3857 (2014).
[CrossRef]

M. Esmaeili, J. B. Fløystad, A. Diaz, K. Høydalsvik, M. Guizar-Sicairos, J. W. Andreasen, and D. W. Breiby, “Ptychographic X-ray tomography of silk fiber hydration,” Macromolecules 46, 434–439 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. Trtik, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Menzel, and O. Bunk, “Density mapping of hardened cement paste using ptychographic X-ray computed tomography,” Cem. Concr. Compos. 36, 71–77 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Chen, M. Guizar-Sicairos, G. Xiong, L. Shemilt, A. Diaz, J. Nutter, N. Burdet, S. Huo, J. Mancuso, A. Monteith, F. Vergeer, A. Burgess, and I. Robinson, “Three-dimensional structure analysis and percolation properties of a barrier marine coating,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1177 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Lima, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, S. Gorelick, P. Pernot, T. Schleier, and A. Menzel, “Cryo-scanning X-ray diffraction microscopy of frozen-hydrated yeast,” J. Microsc. 249, 1–7 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. Thibault and M. Guizar-Sicairos, “Maximum-likelihood refinement for coherent diffractive imaging,” New J. Phys. 14, 063004 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Holler, J. Raabe, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, C. Quitmann, A. Menzel, and O. Bunk, “An instrument for 3D X-ray nano-imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 073703 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Diaz, P. Trtik, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Menzel, P. Thibault, and O. Bunk, “Quantitative X-ray phase nanotomography,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 020104(R) (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Diaz, M. Holler, M. S. Lucas, A. Menzel, R. A. Wepf, and O. Bunk, “Phase tomography from X-ray coherent diffractive imaging projections,” Opt. Express 19, 21345–21357 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Vila-Comamala, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Mantion, C. M. Kewish, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, and C. David, “Characterization of high-resolution diffractive x-ray optics by ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging,” Opt. Express 19, 21333–21344 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Kewish, M. Guizar-Sicairos, C. Liu, J. Qian, B. Shi, C. Benson, A. M. Khounsary, J. Vila-Comamala, O. Bunk, J. R. Fienup, A. T. Macrander, and L. Assoufid, “Reconstruction of an astigmatic hard x-ray beam and alignment of K-B mirrors from ptychographic coherent diffraction data,” Opt. Express 18, 23420–23427 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Guizar-Sicairos and J. R. Fienup, “Measurement of coherent x-ray focused beams by phase retrieval with transverse translation diversity,” Opt. Express 17, 2670–2685 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Guizar-Sicairos and J. R. Fienup, “Phase retrieval with transverse translation diversity: a nonlinear optimization approach,” Opt. Express 16, 7264–7278 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Guizar-Sicairos, S. T. Thurman, and J. R. Fienup, “Efficient subpixel image registration algorithms,” Opt. Lett. 33, 156–158 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Johnson, A. Bergamaschi, H. Billich, S. Cartier, R. Dinapoli, D. Greiffenberg, M. Guizar-Sicairos, B. Henrich, A. Mozzanica, B. Schmitt, X. Shi, and G. Tinti, “Eiger: A single photon counting X-ray detector,” J. Instrum., in press (2014).

Gulden, J.

A. Schropp, P. Boye, J. M. Feldkamp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, K. Giewekemeyer, R. N. Wilke, T. Salditt, J. Gulden, A. P. Mancuso, I. A. Vartanyants, E. Weckert, S. Schder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Hard x-ray nanobeam characterization by coherent diffraction microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 091102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Härkönen, E.

M. Holler, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, P. Karvinen, E. Färm, E. Härkönen, M. Ritala, A. Menzel, J. Raabe, and O. Bunk, “Hard x-ray ptychographic computed tomography at 16 nm 3D resolution,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3857 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Heijne, E.

R. Ballabriga, M. Campbell, E. Heijne, X. Llopart, L. Tlustos, and W. Wong, “Medipix3: A 64 k pixel detector readout chip working in single photon counting mode with improved spectrometric performance,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 633(Supp. 1), S15–S18 (2011). 11th International Workshop on Radiation Imaging Detectors (IWORID).
[CrossRef]

Henrich, B.

I. Johnson, A. Bergamaschi, J. Buitenhuis, R. Dinapoli, D. Greiffenberg, B. Henrich, T. Ikonen, G. Meier, A. Menzel, A. Mozzanica, V. Radicci, D. K. Satapathy, B. Schmitt, and X. Shi, “Capturing dynamics with Eiger, a fast-framing X-ray detector,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 19, 1001–1005 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Dinapoli, A. Bergamaschi, B. Henrich, R. Horisberger, I. Johnson, A. Mozzanica, E. Schmid, B. Schmitt, A. Schreiber, X. Shi, and G. Theidel, “Eiger: Next generation single photon counting detector for x-ray applications,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A 650, 79–83 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Kraft, A. Bergamaschi, C. Broennimann, R. Dinapoli, E. F. Eikenberry, B. Henrich, I. Johnson, A. Mozzanica, C. M. Schlepütz, P. R. Willmott, and B. Schmitt, “Performance of single-photon-counting PILATUS detector modules,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16, 368–375 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Henrich, A. Bergamaschi, C. Broennimann, R. Dinapoli, E. F. Eikenberry, I. Johnson, M. Kobas, P. Kraft, A. Mozzanica, and B. Schmitt, “Pilatus: A single photon counting pixel detector for x-ray applications,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 607, 247–249 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Johnson, A. Bergamaschi, H. Billich, S. Cartier, R. Dinapoli, D. Greiffenberg, M. Guizar-Sicairos, B. Henrich, A. Mozzanica, B. Schmitt, X. Shi, and G. Tinti, “Eiger: A single photon counting X-ray detector,” J. Instrum., in press (2014).

Holler, M.

M. Holler, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, P. Karvinen, E. Färm, E. Härkönen, M. Ritala, A. Menzel, J. Raabe, and O. Bunk, “Hard x-ray ptychographic computed tomography at 16 nm 3D resolution,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3857 (2014).
[CrossRef]

M. Holler, J. Raabe, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, C. Quitmann, A. Menzel, and O. Bunk, “An instrument for 3D X-ray nano-imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 073703 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Diaz, M. Holler, M. S. Lucas, A. Menzel, R. A. Wepf, and O. Bunk, “Phase tomography from X-ray coherent diffractive imaging projections,” Opt. Express 19, 21345–21357 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzner, C.

Homs, A.

C. Ponchut, J. M. Rigal, J. Clément, E. Papillon, A. Homs, and S. Petitdemange, “MAXIPIX, a fast readout photon-counting x-ray area detector for synchrotron applications,” J. Instrum. 6, C01069 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hönig, S.

A. Schropp, P. Boye, A. Goldschmidt, S. Hönig, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, C. Rakete, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, S. Schöder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Non-destructive and quantitative imaging of a nano-structured microchip by ptychographic hard X-ray scanning microscopy,” J. Microsc. 241, 9–12 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hoppe, R.

A. Schropp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, F. Seiboth, S. Stephan, G. Wellenreuther, G. Falkenberg, and C. Schroer, “Hard x-ray scanning microscopy with coherent radiation: Beyond the resolution of conventional x-ray microscopes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 253112 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Schropp, P. Boye, A. Goldschmidt, S. Hönig, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, C. Rakete, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, S. Schöder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Non-destructive and quantitative imaging of a nano-structured microchip by ptychographic hard X-ray scanning microscopy,” J. Microsc. 241, 9–12 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Schropp, P. Boye, J. M. Feldkamp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, K. Giewekemeyer, R. N. Wilke, T. Salditt, J. Gulden, A. P. Mancuso, I. A. Vartanyants, E. Weckert, S. Schder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Hard x-ray nanobeam characterization by coherent diffraction microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 091102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Horisberger, R.

R. Dinapoli, A. Bergamaschi, B. Henrich, R. Horisberger, I. Johnson, A. Mozzanica, E. Schmid, B. Schmitt, A. Schreiber, X. Shi, and G. Theidel, “Eiger: Next generation single photon counting detector for x-ray applications,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A 650, 79–83 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Horswell, I.

J. Marchal, I. Horswell, B. Willis, R. Plackett, E. N. Gimenez, J. Spiers, D. Ballard, P. Booker, J. A. Thompson, P. Gibbons, S. R. Burge, T. Nicholls, J. Lipp, and N. Tartoni, “EXCALIBUR: a small-pixel photon counting area detector for coherent X-ray diffraction - Front-end design, fabrication and characterisation,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 425, 062003 (2013).

Høydalsvik, K.

M. Esmaeili, J. B. Fløystad, A. Diaz, K. Høydalsvik, M. Guizar-Sicairos, J. W. Andreasen, and D. W. Breiby, “Ptychographic X-ray tomography of silk fiber hydration,” Macromolecules 46, 434–439 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Humphry, M. J.

Huo, S.

B. Chen, M. Guizar-Sicairos, G. Xiong, L. Shemilt, A. Diaz, J. Nutter, N. Burdet, S. Huo, J. Mancuso, A. Monteith, F. Vergeer, A. Burgess, and I. Robinson, “Three-dimensional structure analysis and percolation properties of a barrier marine coating,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1177 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ikonen, T.

I. Johnson, A. Bergamaschi, J. Buitenhuis, R. Dinapoli, D. Greiffenberg, B. Henrich, T. Ikonen, G. Meier, A. Menzel, A. Mozzanica, V. Radicci, D. K. Satapathy, B. Schmitt, and X. Shi, “Capturing dynamics with Eiger, a fast-framing X-ray detector,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 19, 1001–1005 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ishikawa, T.

Y. Takahashi, A. Suzuki, S. Furutaku, K. Yamauchi, Y. Kohmura, and T. Ishikawa, “High-resolution and high-sensitivity phase-contrast imaging by focused hard X-ray ptychography with a spatial filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 094102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Takahashi, A. Suzuki, N. Zettsu, Y. Kohmura, Y. Senba, H. Ohashi, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Towards high-resolution ptychographic x-ray diffraction microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 214109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jefimovs, K.

M. Dierolf, P. Thibault, A. Menzel, C. M. Kewish, K. Jefimovs, I. Schlichting, K. von Knig, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging of weakly scattering specimens,” New J. Phys. 12, 035017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, I.

I. Johnson, A. Bergamaschi, J. Buitenhuis, R. Dinapoli, D. Greiffenberg, B. Henrich, T. Ikonen, G. Meier, A. Menzel, A. Mozzanica, V. Radicci, D. K. Satapathy, B. Schmitt, and X. Shi, “Capturing dynamics with Eiger, a fast-framing X-ray detector,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 19, 1001–1005 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Dinapoli, A. Bergamaschi, B. Henrich, R. Horisberger, I. Johnson, A. Mozzanica, E. Schmid, B. Schmitt, A. Schreiber, X. Shi, and G. Theidel, “Eiger: Next generation single photon counting detector for x-ray applications,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A 650, 79–83 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Kraft, A. Bergamaschi, C. Broennimann, R. Dinapoli, E. F. Eikenberry, B. Henrich, I. Johnson, A. Mozzanica, C. M. Schlepütz, P. R. Willmott, and B. Schmitt, “Performance of single-photon-counting PILATUS detector modules,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16, 368–375 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Henrich, A. Bergamaschi, C. Broennimann, R. Dinapoli, E. F. Eikenberry, I. Johnson, M. Kobas, P. Kraft, A. Mozzanica, and B. Schmitt, “Pilatus: A single photon counting pixel detector for x-ray applications,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 607, 247–249 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Johnson, A. Bergamaschi, H. Billich, S. Cartier, R. Dinapoli, D. Greiffenberg, M. Guizar-Sicairos, B. Henrich, A. Mozzanica, B. Schmitt, X. Shi, and G. Tinti, “Eiger: A single photon counting X-ray detector,” J. Instrum., in press (2014).

Jones, M. W. M.

M. W. M. Jones, G. A. van Riessen, B. Abbey, C. T. Putkunz, M. D. Junker, E. Balaur, D. J. Vine, I. McNulty, B. Chen, B. D. Arhatari, S. Frankland, K. A. Nugent, L. Tilley, and A. G. Peele, “Whole-cell phase contrast imaging at the nanoscale using Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging tomography,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2288 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Junker, M. D.

M. W. M. Jones, G. A. van Riessen, B. Abbey, C. T. Putkunz, M. D. Junker, E. Balaur, D. J. Vine, I. McNulty, B. Chen, B. D. Arhatari, S. Frankland, K. A. Nugent, L. Tilley, and A. G. Peele, “Whole-cell phase contrast imaging at the nanoscale using Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging tomography,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2288 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karvinen, P.

M. Holler, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, P. Karvinen, E. Färm, E. Härkönen, M. Ritala, A. Menzel, J. Raabe, and O. Bunk, “Hard x-ray ptychographic computed tomography at 16 nm 3D resolution,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3857 (2014).
[CrossRef]

R. N. Wilke, M. Priebe, M. Bartels, K. Giewekemeyer, A. Diaz, P. Karvinen, and T. Salditt, “Hard x-ray imaging of bacterial cells: nano-diffraction and ptychographic reconstruction,” Opt. Express 20, 19232–19254 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaulich, B.

A. Maiden, G. Morrison, B. Kaulich, A. Gianoncelli, and J. Rodenburg, “Soft X-ray spectromicroscopy using ptychography with randomly phased illumination,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1669 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kelly, S. T.

S. T. Kelly, P. Nigge, S. Prakash, A. Laskin, B. Wang, T. Tyliszczak, S. R. Leone, and M. K. Gilles, “An environmental sample chamber for reliable scanning transmission x-ray microscopy measurements under water vapor,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84, 073708 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kewish, C. M.

K. Medjoubi, N. Leclercq, F. Langlois, A. Buteau, S. Lé, S. Poirier, P. Mercère, M. C. Sforna, C. M. Kewish, and A. Somogyi, “Development of fast, simultaneous and multi-technique scanning hard X-ray microscopy at Synchrotron Soleil,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 20, 293–299 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Vila-Comamala, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Mantion, C. M. Kewish, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, and C. David, “Characterization of high-resolution diffractive x-ray optics by ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging,” Opt. Express 19, 21333–21344 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Kewish, M. Guizar-Sicairos, C. Liu, J. Qian, B. Shi, C. Benson, A. M. Khounsary, J. Vila-Comamala, O. Bunk, J. R. Fienup, A. T. Macrander, and L. Assoufid, “Reconstruction of an astigmatic hard x-ray beam and alignment of K-B mirrors from ptychographic coherent diffraction data,” Opt. Express 18, 23420–23427 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Dierolf, A. Menzel, P. Thibault, P. Schneider, C. M. Kewish, R. Wepf, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic X-ray computed tomography at the nanoscale,” Nature 467, 436–439 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Dierolf, P. Thibault, A. Menzel, C. M. Kewish, K. Jefimovs, I. Schlichting, K. von Knig, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging of weakly scattering specimens,” New J. Phys. 12, 035017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Khounsary, A. M.

Kirz, J.

J. Miao, P. Charalambous, J. Kirz, and D. Sayre, “Extending the methodology of X-ray crystallography to allow imaging of micrometre-sized non-crystalline specimens,” Nature 400, 342–344 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kobas, M.

B. Henrich, A. Bergamaschi, C. Broennimann, R. Dinapoli, E. F. Eikenberry, I. Johnson, M. Kobas, P. Kraft, A. Mozzanica, and B. Schmitt, “Pilatus: A single photon counting pixel detector for x-ray applications,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 607, 247–249 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kohmura, Y.

Y. Takahashi, A. Suzuki, S. Furutaku, K. Yamauchi, Y. Kohmura, and T. Ishikawa, “High-resolution and high-sensitivity phase-contrast imaging by focused hard X-ray ptychography with a spatial filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 094102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Takahashi, A. Suzuki, N. Zettsu, Y. Kohmura, Y. Senba, H. Ohashi, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Towards high-resolution ptychographic x-ray diffraction microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 214109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kraft, P.

B. Henrich, A. Bergamaschi, C. Broennimann, R. Dinapoli, E. F. Eikenberry, I. Johnson, M. Kobas, P. Kraft, A. Mozzanica, and B. Schmitt, “Pilatus: A single photon counting pixel detector for x-ray applications,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 607, 247–249 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Kraft, A. Bergamaschi, C. Broennimann, R. Dinapoli, E. F. Eikenberry, B. Henrich, I. Johnson, A. Mozzanica, C. M. Schlepütz, P. R. Willmott, and B. Schmitt, “Performance of single-photon-counting PILATUS detector modules,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16, 368–375 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Langlois, F.

K. Medjoubi, N. Leclercq, F. Langlois, A. Buteau, S. Lé, S. Poirier, P. Mercère, M. C. Sforna, C. M. Kewish, and A. Somogyi, “Development of fast, simultaneous and multi-technique scanning hard X-ray microscopy at Synchrotron Soleil,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 20, 293–299 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laskin, A.

S. T. Kelly, P. Nigge, S. Prakash, A. Laskin, B. Wang, T. Tyliszczak, S. R. Leone, and M. K. Gilles, “An environmental sample chamber for reliable scanning transmission x-ray microscopy measurements under water vapor,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84, 073708 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lé, S.

K. Medjoubi, N. Leclercq, F. Langlois, A. Buteau, S. Lé, S. Poirier, P. Mercère, M. C. Sforna, C. M. Kewish, and A. Somogyi, “Development of fast, simultaneous and multi-technique scanning hard X-ray microscopy at Synchrotron Soleil,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 20, 293–299 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leclercq, N.

K. Medjoubi, N. Leclercq, F. Langlois, A. Buteau, S. Lé, S. Poirier, P. Mercère, M. C. Sforna, C. M. Kewish, and A. Somogyi, “Development of fast, simultaneous and multi-technique scanning hard X-ray microscopy at Synchrotron Soleil,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 20, 293–299 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leone, S. R.

S. T. Kelly, P. Nigge, S. Prakash, A. Laskin, B. Wang, T. Tyliszczak, S. R. Leone, and M. K. Gilles, “An environmental sample chamber for reliable scanning transmission x-ray microscopy measurements under water vapor,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84, 073708 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Levin, T. M.

B. Abbey, G. J. Williams, M. A. Pfeifer, J. N. Clark, C. T. Putkunz, A. Torrance, I. McNulty, T. M. Levin, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Quantitative coherent diffractive imaging of an integrated circuit at a spatial resolution of 20 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 214101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lima, E.

E. Lima, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, S. Gorelick, P. Pernot, T. Schleier, and A. Menzel, “Cryo-scanning X-ray diffraction microscopy of frozen-hydrated yeast,” J. Microsc. 249, 1–7 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lipp, J.

J. Marchal, I. Horswell, B. Willis, R. Plackett, E. N. Gimenez, J. Spiers, D. Ballard, P. Booker, J. A. Thompson, P. Gibbons, S. R. Burge, T. Nicholls, J. Lipp, and N. Tartoni, “EXCALIBUR: a small-pixel photon counting area detector for coherent X-ray diffraction - Front-end design, fabrication and characterisation,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 425, 062003 (2013).

Liu, C.

Llopart, X.

R. Ballabriga, M. Campbell, E. Heijne, X. Llopart, L. Tlustos, and W. Wong, “Medipix3: A 64 k pixel detector readout chip working in single photon counting mode with improved spectrometric performance,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 633(Supp. 1), S15–S18 (2011). 11th International Workshop on Radiation Imaging Detectors (IWORID).
[CrossRef]

X. Llopart, M. Campbell, R. Dinapoli, D. San Segundo, and E. Pernigotti, “Medipix2: A 64-k pixel readout chip with 55 μm square elements working in single photon counting mode,” Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on 49, 2279–2283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lucas, M. S.

Macrander, A. T.

Maiden, A.

A. Maiden, G. Morrison, B. Kaulich, A. Gianoncelli, and J. Rodenburg, “Soft X-ray spectromicroscopy using ptychography with randomly phased illumination,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1669 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maiden, A. M.

T. B. Edo, D. J. Batey, A. M. Maiden, C. Rau, U. Wagner, Z. D. Pešić, T. A. Waigh, and J. M. Rodenburg, “Sampling in x-ray ptychography,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 053850 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Maiden, M. J. Humphry, and J. M. Rodenburg, “Ptychographic transmission microscopy in three dimensions using a multi-slice approach,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29, 1606–1614 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Maiden, M. J. Humphry, F. Zhang, and J. M. Rodenburg, “Superresolution imaging via ptychography,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 28, 604–612 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Maiden and J. M. Rodenburg, “An improved ptychographical phase retrieval algorithm for diffractive imaging,” Ultramicroscopy 109, 1256–1262 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mancuso, A. P.

A. Schropp, P. Boye, J. M. Feldkamp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, K. Giewekemeyer, R. N. Wilke, T. Salditt, J. Gulden, A. P. Mancuso, I. A. Vartanyants, E. Weckert, S. Schder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Hard x-ray nanobeam characterization by coherent diffraction microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 091102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mancuso, J.

B. Chen, M. Guizar-Sicairos, G. Xiong, L. Shemilt, A. Diaz, J. Nutter, N. Burdet, S. Huo, J. Mancuso, A. Monteith, F. Vergeer, A. Burgess, and I. Robinson, “Three-dimensional structure analysis and percolation properties of a barrier marine coating,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1177 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mantion, A.

Marchal, J.

J. Marchal, I. Horswell, B. Willis, R. Plackett, E. N. Gimenez, J. Spiers, D. Ballard, P. Booker, J. A. Thompson, P. Gibbons, S. R. Burge, T. Nicholls, J. Lipp, and N. Tartoni, “EXCALIBUR: a small-pixel photon counting area detector for coherent X-ray diffraction - Front-end design, fabrication and characterisation,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 425, 062003 (2013).

Mastropietro, G. F.

P. Godard, A. M. Carbone, G. F. Mastropietro, G. Chen, L. Capello, A. Diaz, T. H. Metzger, and J. Stangl, “Three-dimensional high-resolution quantitative microscopy of extended crystals,” Nat. Commun. 2, 568 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McNulty, I.

M. W. M. Jones, G. A. van Riessen, B. Abbey, C. T. Putkunz, M. D. Junker, E. Balaur, D. J. Vine, I. McNulty, B. Chen, B. D. Arhatari, S. Frankland, K. A. Nugent, L. Tilley, and A. G. Peele, “Whole-cell phase contrast imaging at the nanoscale using Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging tomography,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2288 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Vine, D. Pelliccia, C. Holzner, S. B. Baines, A. Berry, I. McNulty, S. Vogt, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Simultaneous x-ray fluorescence and ptychographic microscopy of cyclotella meneghiniana,” Opt. Express 20, 18287–18296 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Dilanian, G. J. Williams, L. W. Whitehead, D. J. Vine, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, I. McNulty, H. M. Quiney, and K. A. Nugent, “Coherent diffractive imaging: a new statistically regularized amplitude constraint,” New J. Phys. 12, 093042 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Abbey, K. Nugent, G. Williams, J. Clark, A. Peele, M. Pfeifer, M. de Jonge, and I. McNulty, “Keyhole coherent diffractive imaging,” Nat. Phys. 4, 394–398 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Abbey, G. J. Williams, M. A. Pfeifer, J. N. Clark, C. T. Putkunz, A. Torrance, I. McNulty, T. M. Levin, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Quantitative coherent diffractive imaging of an integrated circuit at a spatial resolution of 20 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 214101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Medjoubi, K.

K. Medjoubi, N. Leclercq, F. Langlois, A. Buteau, S. Lé, S. Poirier, P. Mercère, M. C. Sforna, C. M. Kewish, and A. Somogyi, “Development of fast, simultaneous and multi-technique scanning hard X-ray microscopy at Synchrotron Soleil,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 20, 293–299 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meier, G.

I. Johnson, A. Bergamaschi, J. Buitenhuis, R. Dinapoli, D. Greiffenberg, B. Henrich, T. Ikonen, G. Meier, A. Menzel, A. Mozzanica, V. Radicci, D. K. Satapathy, B. Schmitt, and X. Shi, “Capturing dynamics with Eiger, a fast-framing X-ray detector,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 19, 1001–1005 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Menzel, A.

A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Poeppel, A. Menzel, and O. Bunk, “Characterization of carbon fibers using X-ray phase nanotomography,” Carbon 67, 98–103 (2014).
[CrossRef]

M. Holler, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, P. Karvinen, E. Färm, E. Härkönen, M. Ritala, A. Menzel, J. Raabe, and O. Bunk, “Hard x-ray ptychographic computed tomography at 16 nm 3D resolution,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3857 (2014).
[CrossRef]

P. Thibault and A. Menzel, “Reconstructing state mixtures from diffraction measurements,” Nature 494, 68–71 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Trtik, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Menzel, and O. Bunk, “Density mapping of hardened cement paste using ptychographic X-ray computed tomography,” Cem. Concr. Compos. 36, 71–77 (2013).
[CrossRef]

E. Lima, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, S. Gorelick, P. Pernot, T. Schleier, and A. Menzel, “Cryo-scanning X-ray diffraction microscopy of frozen-hydrated yeast,” J. Microsc. 249, 1–7 (2013).
[CrossRef]

I. Johnson, A. Bergamaschi, J. Buitenhuis, R. Dinapoli, D. Greiffenberg, B. Henrich, T. Ikonen, G. Meier, A. Menzel, A. Mozzanica, V. Radicci, D. K. Satapathy, B. Schmitt, and X. Shi, “Capturing dynamics with Eiger, a fast-framing X-ray detector,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 19, 1001–1005 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Diaz, P. Trtik, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Menzel, P. Thibault, and O. Bunk, “Quantitative X-ray phase nanotomography,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 020104(R) (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Holler, J. Raabe, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, C. Quitmann, A. Menzel, and O. Bunk, “An instrument for 3D X-ray nano-imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 073703 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Diaz, M. Holler, M. S. Lucas, A. Menzel, R. A. Wepf, and O. Bunk, “Phase tomography from X-ray coherent diffractive imaging projections,” Opt. Express 19, 21345–21357 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Vila-Comamala, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Mantion, C. M. Kewish, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, and C. David, “Characterization of high-resolution diffractive x-ray optics by ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging,” Opt. Express 19, 21333–21344 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Dierolf, A. Menzel, P. Thibault, P. Schneider, C. M. Kewish, R. Wepf, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic X-ray computed tomography at the nanoscale,” Nature 467, 436–439 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Dierolf, P. Thibault, A. Menzel, C. M. Kewish, K. Jefimovs, I. Schlichting, K. von Knig, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging of weakly scattering specimens,” New J. Phys. 12, 035017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Thibault, M. Dierolf, O. Bunk, A. Menzel, and F. Pfeiffer, “Probe retrieval in ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging,” Ultramicroscopy 109, 338–343 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Thibault, M. Dierolf, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, C. David, and F. Pfeiffer, “High-resolution scanning X-ray diffraction microscopy,” Science 321, 379–382 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Dierolf, I. Zanette, B. Enders, P. Thibault, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic reconstructions using shared data sets,” (presented in Coherence 2012, International Workshop on Phase retrieval and Coherent Scattering, Fukuoka, Japan, 18–21 June2012).

M. Dierolf, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, F. Pfeiffer, and P. Thibault, “Ptychographic reconstructions using shared data sets,” In preparation (2014).

Mercère, P.

K. Medjoubi, N. Leclercq, F. Langlois, A. Buteau, S. Lé, S. Poirier, P. Mercère, M. C. Sforna, C. M. Kewish, and A. Somogyi, “Development of fast, simultaneous and multi-technique scanning hard X-ray microscopy at Synchrotron Soleil,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 20, 293–299 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Metzger, T. H.

P. Godard, A. M. Carbone, G. F. Mastropietro, G. Chen, L. Capello, A. Diaz, T. H. Metzger, and J. Stangl, “Three-dimensional high-resolution quantitative microscopy of extended crystals,” Nat. Commun. 2, 568 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miao, J.

J. Miao, P. Charalambous, J. Kirz, and D. Sayre, “Extending the methodology of X-ray crystallography to allow imaging of micrometre-sized non-crystalline specimens,” Nature 400, 342–344 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Monteith, A.

B. Chen, M. Guizar-Sicairos, G. Xiong, L. Shemilt, A. Diaz, J. Nutter, N. Burdet, S. Huo, J. Mancuso, A. Monteith, F. Vergeer, A. Burgess, and I. Robinson, “Three-dimensional structure analysis and percolation properties of a barrier marine coating,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1177 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morrison, G.

A. Maiden, G. Morrison, B. Kaulich, A. Gianoncelli, and J. Rodenburg, “Soft X-ray spectromicroscopy using ptychography with randomly phased illumination,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1669 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mozzanica, A.

I. Johnson, A. Bergamaschi, J. Buitenhuis, R. Dinapoli, D. Greiffenberg, B. Henrich, T. Ikonen, G. Meier, A. Menzel, A. Mozzanica, V. Radicci, D. K. Satapathy, B. Schmitt, and X. Shi, “Capturing dynamics with Eiger, a fast-framing X-ray detector,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 19, 1001–1005 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Dinapoli, A. Bergamaschi, B. Henrich, R. Horisberger, I. Johnson, A. Mozzanica, E. Schmid, B. Schmitt, A. Schreiber, X. Shi, and G. Theidel, “Eiger: Next generation single photon counting detector for x-ray applications,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A 650, 79–83 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Henrich, A. Bergamaschi, C. Broennimann, R. Dinapoli, E. F. Eikenberry, I. Johnson, M. Kobas, P. Kraft, A. Mozzanica, and B. Schmitt, “Pilatus: A single photon counting pixel detector for x-ray applications,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 607, 247–249 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Kraft, A. Bergamaschi, C. Broennimann, R. Dinapoli, E. F. Eikenberry, B. Henrich, I. Johnson, A. Mozzanica, C. M. Schlepütz, P. R. Willmott, and B. Schmitt, “Performance of single-photon-counting PILATUS detector modules,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16, 368–375 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Johnson, A. Bergamaschi, H. Billich, S. Cartier, R. Dinapoli, D. Greiffenberg, M. Guizar-Sicairos, B. Henrich, A. Mozzanica, B. Schmitt, X. Shi, and G. Tinti, “Eiger: A single photon counting X-ray detector,” J. Instrum., in press (2014).

Nicholls, T.

J. Marchal, I. Horswell, B. Willis, R. Plackett, E. N. Gimenez, J. Spiers, D. Ballard, P. Booker, J. A. Thompson, P. Gibbons, S. R. Burge, T. Nicholls, J. Lipp, and N. Tartoni, “EXCALIBUR: a small-pixel photon counting area detector for coherent X-ray diffraction - Front-end design, fabrication and characterisation,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 425, 062003 (2013).

Nigge, P.

S. T. Kelly, P. Nigge, S. Prakash, A. Laskin, B. Wang, T. Tyliszczak, S. R. Leone, and M. K. Gilles, “An environmental sample chamber for reliable scanning transmission x-ray microscopy measurements under water vapor,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84, 073708 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nugent, K.

B. Abbey, K. Nugent, G. Williams, J. Clark, A. Peele, M. Pfeifer, M. de Jonge, and I. McNulty, “Keyhole coherent diffractive imaging,” Nat. Phys. 4, 394–398 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nugent, K. A.

M. W. M. Jones, G. A. van Riessen, B. Abbey, C. T. Putkunz, M. D. Junker, E. Balaur, D. J. Vine, I. McNulty, B. Chen, B. D. Arhatari, S. Frankland, K. A. Nugent, L. Tilley, and A. G. Peele, “Whole-cell phase contrast imaging at the nanoscale using Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging tomography,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2288 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Vine, D. Pelliccia, C. Holzner, S. B. Baines, A. Berry, I. McNulty, S. Vogt, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Simultaneous x-ray fluorescence and ptychographic microscopy of cyclotella meneghiniana,” Opt. Express 20, 18287–18296 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Dilanian, G. J. Williams, L. W. Whitehead, D. J. Vine, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, I. McNulty, H. M. Quiney, and K. A. Nugent, “Coherent diffractive imaging: a new statistically regularized amplitude constraint,” New J. Phys. 12, 093042 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Abbey, G. J. Williams, M. A. Pfeifer, J. N. Clark, C. T. Putkunz, A. Torrance, I. McNulty, T. M. Levin, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Quantitative coherent diffractive imaging of an integrated circuit at a spatial resolution of 20 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 214101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nutter, J.

B. Chen, M. Guizar-Sicairos, G. Xiong, L. Shemilt, A. Diaz, J. Nutter, N. Burdet, S. Huo, J. Mancuso, A. Monteith, F. Vergeer, A. Burgess, and I. Robinson, “Three-dimensional structure analysis and percolation properties of a barrier marine coating,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1177 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ohashi, H.

Y. Takahashi, A. Suzuki, N. Zettsu, Y. Kohmura, Y. Senba, H. Ohashi, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Towards high-resolution ptychographic x-ray diffraction microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 214109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Papillon, E.

C. Ponchut, J. M. Rigal, J. Clément, E. Papillon, A. Homs, and S. Petitdemange, “MAXIPIX, a fast readout photon-counting x-ray area detector for synchrotron applications,” J. Instrum. 6, C01069 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Patommel, J.

A. Schropp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, F. Seiboth, S. Stephan, G. Wellenreuther, G. Falkenberg, and C. Schroer, “Hard x-ray scanning microscopy with coherent radiation: Beyond the resolution of conventional x-ray microscopes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 253112 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Schropp, P. Boye, A. Goldschmidt, S. Hönig, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, C. Rakete, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, S. Schöder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Non-destructive and quantitative imaging of a nano-structured microchip by ptychographic hard X-ray scanning microscopy,” J. Microsc. 241, 9–12 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Schropp, P. Boye, J. M. Feldkamp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, K. Giewekemeyer, R. N. Wilke, T. Salditt, J. Gulden, A. P. Mancuso, I. A. Vartanyants, E. Weckert, S. Schder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Hard x-ray nanobeam characterization by coherent diffraction microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 091102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Peele, A.

B. Abbey, K. Nugent, G. Williams, J. Clark, A. Peele, M. Pfeifer, M. de Jonge, and I. McNulty, “Keyhole coherent diffractive imaging,” Nat. Phys. 4, 394–398 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Peele, A. G.

M. W. M. Jones, G. A. van Riessen, B. Abbey, C. T. Putkunz, M. D. Junker, E. Balaur, D. J. Vine, I. McNulty, B. Chen, B. D. Arhatari, S. Frankland, K. A. Nugent, L. Tilley, and A. G. Peele, “Whole-cell phase contrast imaging at the nanoscale using Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging tomography,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2288 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Vine, D. Pelliccia, C. Holzner, S. B. Baines, A. Berry, I. McNulty, S. Vogt, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Simultaneous x-ray fluorescence and ptychographic microscopy of cyclotella meneghiniana,” Opt. Express 20, 18287–18296 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Dilanian, G. J. Williams, L. W. Whitehead, D. J. Vine, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, I. McNulty, H. M. Quiney, and K. A. Nugent, “Coherent diffractive imaging: a new statistically regularized amplitude constraint,” New J. Phys. 12, 093042 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Abbey, G. J. Williams, M. A. Pfeifer, J. N. Clark, C. T. Putkunz, A. Torrance, I. McNulty, T. M. Levin, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Quantitative coherent diffractive imaging of an integrated circuit at a spatial resolution of 20 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 214101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pelliccia, D.

Pernigotti, E.

X. Llopart, M. Campbell, R. Dinapoli, D. San Segundo, and E. Pernigotti, “Medipix2: A 64-k pixel readout chip with 55 μm square elements working in single photon counting mode,” Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on 49, 2279–2283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pernot, P.

E. Lima, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, S. Gorelick, P. Pernot, T. Schleier, and A. Menzel, “Cryo-scanning X-ray diffraction microscopy of frozen-hydrated yeast,” J. Microsc. 249, 1–7 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Pešic, Z. D.

T. B. Edo, D. J. Batey, A. M. Maiden, C. Rau, U. Wagner, Z. D. Pešić, T. A. Waigh, and J. M. Rodenburg, “Sampling in x-ray ptychography,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 053850 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Petitdemange, S.

C. Ponchut, J. M. Rigal, J. Clément, E. Papillon, A. Homs, and S. Petitdemange, “MAXIPIX, a fast readout photon-counting x-ray area detector for synchrotron applications,” J. Instrum. 6, C01069 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pfeifer, M.

B. Abbey, K. Nugent, G. Williams, J. Clark, A. Peele, M. Pfeifer, M. de Jonge, and I. McNulty, “Keyhole coherent diffractive imaging,” Nat. Phys. 4, 394–398 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pfeifer, M. A.

B. Abbey, G. J. Williams, M. A. Pfeifer, J. N. Clark, C. T. Putkunz, A. Torrance, I. McNulty, T. M. Levin, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Quantitative coherent diffractive imaging of an integrated circuit at a spatial resolution of 20 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 214101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pfeiffer, F.

M. Dierolf, P. Thibault, A. Menzel, C. M. Kewish, K. Jefimovs, I. Schlichting, K. von Knig, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging of weakly scattering specimens,” New J. Phys. 12, 035017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Dierolf, A. Menzel, P. Thibault, P. Schneider, C. M. Kewish, R. Wepf, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic X-ray computed tomography at the nanoscale,” Nature 467, 436–439 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Thibault, M. Dierolf, O. Bunk, A. Menzel, and F. Pfeiffer, “Probe retrieval in ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging,” Ultramicroscopy 109, 338–343 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Thibault, M. Dierolf, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, C. David, and F. Pfeiffer, “High-resolution scanning X-ray diffraction microscopy,” Science 321, 379–382 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Dierolf, I. Zanette, B. Enders, P. Thibault, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic reconstructions using shared data sets,” (presented in Coherence 2012, International Workshop on Phase retrieval and Coherent Scattering, Fukuoka, Japan, 18–21 June2012).

M. Dierolf, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, F. Pfeiffer, and P. Thibault, “Ptychographic reconstructions using shared data sets,” In preparation (2014).

Plackett, R.

J. Marchal, I. Horswell, B. Willis, R. Plackett, E. N. Gimenez, J. Spiers, D. Ballard, P. Booker, J. A. Thompson, P. Gibbons, S. R. Burge, T. Nicholls, J. Lipp, and N. Tartoni, “EXCALIBUR: a small-pixel photon counting area detector for coherent X-ray diffraction - Front-end design, fabrication and characterisation,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 425, 062003 (2013).

Poeppel, A.

A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Poeppel, A. Menzel, and O. Bunk, “Characterization of carbon fibers using X-ray phase nanotomography,” Carbon 67, 98–103 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Poirier, S.

K. Medjoubi, N. Leclercq, F. Langlois, A. Buteau, S. Lé, S. Poirier, P. Mercère, M. C. Sforna, C. M. Kewish, and A. Somogyi, “Development of fast, simultaneous and multi-technique scanning hard X-ray microscopy at Synchrotron Soleil,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 20, 293–299 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ponchut, C.

C. Ponchut, J. M. Rigal, J. Clément, E. Papillon, A. Homs, and S. Petitdemange, “MAXIPIX, a fast readout photon-counting x-ray area detector for synchrotron applications,” J. Instrum. 6, C01069 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Prakash, S.

S. T. Kelly, P. Nigge, S. Prakash, A. Laskin, B. Wang, T. Tyliszczak, S. R. Leone, and M. K. Gilles, “An environmental sample chamber for reliable scanning transmission x-ray microscopy measurements under water vapor,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84, 073708 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Priebe, M.

Prietzel, J.

J. Thieme, J. Sedlmair, S.-C. Gleber, J. Prietzel, J. Coates, K. Eusterhues, G. Abbt-Braun, and M. Salome, “X-ray spectromicroscopy in soil and environmental sciences,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17, 149–157 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Putkunz, C. T.

M. W. M. Jones, G. A. van Riessen, B. Abbey, C. T. Putkunz, M. D. Junker, E. Balaur, D. J. Vine, I. McNulty, B. Chen, B. D. Arhatari, S. Frankland, K. A. Nugent, L. Tilley, and A. G. Peele, “Whole-cell phase contrast imaging at the nanoscale using Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging tomography,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2288 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Abbey, G. J. Williams, M. A. Pfeifer, J. N. Clark, C. T. Putkunz, A. Torrance, I. McNulty, T. M. Levin, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Quantitative coherent diffractive imaging of an integrated circuit at a spatial resolution of 20 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 214101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Qian, J.

Quiney, H. M.

R. A. Dilanian, G. J. Williams, L. W. Whitehead, D. J. Vine, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, I. McNulty, H. M. Quiney, and K. A. Nugent, “Coherent diffractive imaging: a new statistically regularized amplitude constraint,” New J. Phys. 12, 093042 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Quitmann, C.

M. Holler, J. Raabe, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, C. Quitmann, A. Menzel, and O. Bunk, “An instrument for 3D X-ray nano-imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 073703 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raabe, J.

M. Holler, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, P. Karvinen, E. Färm, E. Härkönen, M. Ritala, A. Menzel, J. Raabe, and O. Bunk, “Hard x-ray ptychographic computed tomography at 16 nm 3D resolution,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3857 (2014).
[CrossRef]

M. Holler, J. Raabe, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, C. Quitmann, A. Menzel, and O. Bunk, “An instrument for 3D X-ray nano-imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 073703 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Radicci, V.

I. Johnson, A. Bergamaschi, J. Buitenhuis, R. Dinapoli, D. Greiffenberg, B. Henrich, T. Ikonen, G. Meier, A. Menzel, A. Mozzanica, V. Radicci, D. K. Satapathy, B. Schmitt, and X. Shi, “Capturing dynamics with Eiger, a fast-framing X-ray detector,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 19, 1001–1005 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rakete, C.

A. Schropp, P. Boye, A. Goldschmidt, S. Hönig, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, C. Rakete, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, S. Schöder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Non-destructive and quantitative imaging of a nano-structured microchip by ptychographic hard X-ray scanning microscopy,” J. Microsc. 241, 9–12 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rau, C.

T. B. Edo, D. J. Batey, A. M. Maiden, C. Rau, U. Wagner, Z. D. Pešić, T. A. Waigh, and J. M. Rodenburg, “Sampling in x-ray ptychography,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 053850 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Rigal, J. M.

C. Ponchut, J. M. Rigal, J. Clément, E. Papillon, A. Homs, and S. Petitdemange, “MAXIPIX, a fast readout photon-counting x-ray area detector for synchrotron applications,” J. Instrum. 6, C01069 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ritala, M.

M. Holler, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, P. Karvinen, E. Färm, E. Härkönen, M. Ritala, A. Menzel, J. Raabe, and O. Bunk, “Hard x-ray ptychographic computed tomography at 16 nm 3D resolution,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3857 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, I.

B. Chen, M. Guizar-Sicairos, G. Xiong, L. Shemilt, A. Diaz, J. Nutter, N. Burdet, S. Huo, J. Mancuso, A. Monteith, F. Vergeer, A. Burgess, and I. Robinson, “Three-dimensional structure analysis and percolation properties of a barrier marine coating,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1177 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rodenburg, J.

A. Maiden, G. Morrison, B. Kaulich, A. Gianoncelli, and J. Rodenburg, “Soft X-ray spectromicroscopy using ptychography with randomly phased illumination,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1669 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rodenburg, J. M.

T. B. Edo, D. J. Batey, A. M. Maiden, C. Rau, U. Wagner, Z. D. Pešić, T. A. Waigh, and J. M. Rodenburg, “Sampling in x-ray ptychography,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 053850 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Maiden, M. J. Humphry, and J. M. Rodenburg, “Ptychographic transmission microscopy in three dimensions using a multi-slice approach,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 29, 1606–1614 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Maiden, M. J. Humphry, F. Zhang, and J. M. Rodenburg, “Superresolution imaging via ptychography,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 28, 604–612 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Maiden and J. M. Rodenburg, “An improved ptychographical phase retrieval algorithm for diffractive imaging,” Ultramicroscopy 109, 1256–1262 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. L. Faulkner and J. M. Rodenburg, “Movable aperture lensless transmission microscopy: A novel phase retrieval algorithm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 023903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salditt, T.

R. N. Wilke, M. Vassholz, and T. Salditt, “Semi-transparent central stop in high-resolution X-ray ptychography using Kirkpatrick–Baez focusing,” Acta Cryst. A 69, 490–497 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. N. Wilke, M. Priebe, M. Bartels, K. Giewekemeyer, A. Diaz, P. Karvinen, and T. Salditt, “Hard x-ray imaging of bacterial cells: nano-diffraction and ptychographic reconstruction,” Opt. Express 20, 19232–19254 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Schropp, P. Boye, J. M. Feldkamp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, K. Giewekemeyer, R. N. Wilke, T. Salditt, J. Gulden, A. P. Mancuso, I. A. Vartanyants, E. Weckert, S. Schder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Hard x-ray nanobeam characterization by coherent diffraction microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 091102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Salome, M.

J. Thieme, J. Sedlmair, S.-C. Gleber, J. Prietzel, J. Coates, K. Eusterhues, G. Abbt-Braun, and M. Salome, “X-ray spectromicroscopy in soil and environmental sciences,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17, 149–157 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Samberg, D.

A. Schropp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, F. Seiboth, S. Stephan, G. Wellenreuther, G. Falkenberg, and C. Schroer, “Hard x-ray scanning microscopy with coherent radiation: Beyond the resolution of conventional x-ray microscopes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 253112 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Schropp, P. Boye, A. Goldschmidt, S. Hönig, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, C. Rakete, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, S. Schöder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Non-destructive and quantitative imaging of a nano-structured microchip by ptychographic hard X-ray scanning microscopy,” J. Microsc. 241, 9–12 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Schropp, P. Boye, J. M. Feldkamp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, K. Giewekemeyer, R. N. Wilke, T. Salditt, J. Gulden, A. P. Mancuso, I. A. Vartanyants, E. Weckert, S. Schder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Hard x-ray nanobeam characterization by coherent diffraction microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 091102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

San Segundo, D.

X. Llopart, M. Campbell, R. Dinapoli, D. San Segundo, and E. Pernigotti, “Medipix2: A 64-k pixel readout chip with 55 μm square elements working in single photon counting mode,” Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on 49, 2279–2283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Satapathy, D. K.

I. Johnson, A. Bergamaschi, J. Buitenhuis, R. Dinapoli, D. Greiffenberg, B. Henrich, T. Ikonen, G. Meier, A. Menzel, A. Mozzanica, V. Radicci, D. K. Satapathy, B. Schmitt, and X. Shi, “Capturing dynamics with Eiger, a fast-framing X-ray detector,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 19, 1001–1005 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sayre, D.

J. Miao, P. Charalambous, J. Kirz, and D. Sayre, “Extending the methodology of X-ray crystallography to allow imaging of micrometre-sized non-crystalline specimens,” Nature 400, 342–344 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schatz, M.

M. van Heel and M. Schatz, “Fourier shell correlation threshold criteria,” J. Struct. Biol. 151, 250–262 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schder, S.

A. Schropp, P. Boye, J. M. Feldkamp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, K. Giewekemeyer, R. N. Wilke, T. Salditt, J. Gulden, A. P. Mancuso, I. A. Vartanyants, E. Weckert, S. Schder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Hard x-ray nanobeam characterization by coherent diffraction microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 091102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schleier, T.

E. Lima, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, S. Gorelick, P. Pernot, T. Schleier, and A. Menzel, “Cryo-scanning X-ray diffraction microscopy of frozen-hydrated yeast,” J. Microsc. 249, 1–7 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Schlepütz, C. M.

P. Kraft, A. Bergamaschi, C. Broennimann, R. Dinapoli, E. F. Eikenberry, B. Henrich, I. Johnson, A. Mozzanica, C. M. Schlepütz, P. R. Willmott, and B. Schmitt, “Performance of single-photon-counting PILATUS detector modules,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16, 368–375 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schlichting, I.

M. Dierolf, P. Thibault, A. Menzel, C. M. Kewish, K. Jefimovs, I. Schlichting, K. von Knig, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging of weakly scattering specimens,” New J. Phys. 12, 035017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, E.

R. Dinapoli, A. Bergamaschi, B. Henrich, R. Horisberger, I. Johnson, A. Mozzanica, E. Schmid, B. Schmitt, A. Schreiber, X. Shi, and G. Theidel, “Eiger: Next generation single photon counting detector for x-ray applications,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A 650, 79–83 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Schmitt, B.

I. Johnson, A. Bergamaschi, J. Buitenhuis, R. Dinapoli, D. Greiffenberg, B. Henrich, T. Ikonen, G. Meier, A. Menzel, A. Mozzanica, V. Radicci, D. K. Satapathy, B. Schmitt, and X. Shi, “Capturing dynamics with Eiger, a fast-framing X-ray detector,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 19, 1001–1005 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Dinapoli, A. Bergamaschi, B. Henrich, R. Horisberger, I. Johnson, A. Mozzanica, E. Schmid, B. Schmitt, A. Schreiber, X. Shi, and G. Theidel, “Eiger: Next generation single photon counting detector for x-ray applications,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A 650, 79–83 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Kraft, A. Bergamaschi, C. Broennimann, R. Dinapoli, E. F. Eikenberry, B. Henrich, I. Johnson, A. Mozzanica, C. M. Schlepütz, P. R. Willmott, and B. Schmitt, “Performance of single-photon-counting PILATUS detector modules,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16, 368–375 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Henrich, A. Bergamaschi, C. Broennimann, R. Dinapoli, E. F. Eikenberry, I. Johnson, M. Kobas, P. Kraft, A. Mozzanica, and B. Schmitt, “Pilatus: A single photon counting pixel detector for x-ray applications,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 607, 247–249 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Johnson, A. Bergamaschi, H. Billich, S. Cartier, R. Dinapoli, D. Greiffenberg, M. Guizar-Sicairos, B. Henrich, A. Mozzanica, B. Schmitt, X. Shi, and G. Tinti, “Eiger: A single photon counting X-ray detector,” J. Instrum., in press (2014).

Schneider, P.

M. Dierolf, A. Menzel, P. Thibault, P. Schneider, C. M. Kewish, R. Wepf, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic X-ray computed tomography at the nanoscale,” Nature 467, 436–439 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schöder, S.

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[CrossRef]

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R. Dinapoli, A. Bergamaschi, B. Henrich, R. Horisberger, I. Johnson, A. Mozzanica, E. Schmid, B. Schmitt, A. Schreiber, X. Shi, and G. Theidel, “Eiger: Next generation single photon counting detector for x-ray applications,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A 650, 79–83 (2011).
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Schroer, C.

A. Schropp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, F. Seiboth, S. Stephan, G. Wellenreuther, G. Falkenberg, and C. Schroer, “Hard x-ray scanning microscopy with coherent radiation: Beyond the resolution of conventional x-ray microscopes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 253112 (2012).
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A. Schropp, P. Boye, A. Goldschmidt, S. Hönig, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, C. Rakete, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, S. Schöder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Non-destructive and quantitative imaging of a nano-structured microchip by ptychographic hard X-ray scanning microscopy,” J. Microsc. 241, 9–12 (2011).
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A. Schropp, P. Boye, J. M. Feldkamp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, K. Giewekemeyer, R. N. Wilke, T. Salditt, J. Gulden, A. P. Mancuso, I. A. Vartanyants, E. Weckert, S. Schder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Hard x-ray nanobeam characterization by coherent diffraction microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 091102 (2010).
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A. Schropp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, F. Seiboth, S. Stephan, G. Wellenreuther, G. Falkenberg, and C. Schroer, “Hard x-ray scanning microscopy with coherent radiation: Beyond the resolution of conventional x-ray microscopes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 253112 (2012).
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A. Schropp, P. Boye, J. M. Feldkamp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, K. Giewekemeyer, R. N. Wilke, T. Salditt, J. Gulden, A. P. Mancuso, I. A. Vartanyants, E. Weckert, S. Schder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Hard x-ray nanobeam characterization by coherent diffraction microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 091102 (2010).
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J. Thieme, J. Sedlmair, S.-C. Gleber, J. Prietzel, J. Coates, K. Eusterhues, G. Abbt-Braun, and M. Salome, “X-ray spectromicroscopy in soil and environmental sciences,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17, 149–157 (2010).
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A. Schropp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, F. Seiboth, S. Stephan, G. Wellenreuther, G. Falkenberg, and C. Schroer, “Hard x-ray scanning microscopy with coherent radiation: Beyond the resolution of conventional x-ray microscopes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 253112 (2012).
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Y. Takahashi, A. Suzuki, N. Zettsu, Y. Kohmura, Y. Senba, H. Ohashi, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Towards high-resolution ptychographic x-ray diffraction microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 214109 (2011).
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B. Chen, M. Guizar-Sicairos, G. Xiong, L. Shemilt, A. Diaz, J. Nutter, N. Burdet, S. Huo, J. Mancuso, A. Monteith, F. Vergeer, A. Burgess, and I. Robinson, “Three-dimensional structure analysis and percolation properties of a barrier marine coating,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1177 (2013).
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Shi, B.

Shi, X.

I. Johnson, A. Bergamaschi, J. Buitenhuis, R. Dinapoli, D. Greiffenberg, B. Henrich, T. Ikonen, G. Meier, A. Menzel, A. Mozzanica, V. Radicci, D. K. Satapathy, B. Schmitt, and X. Shi, “Capturing dynamics with Eiger, a fast-framing X-ray detector,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 19, 1001–1005 (2012).
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Somogyi, A.

K. Medjoubi, N. Leclercq, F. Langlois, A. Buteau, S. Lé, S. Poirier, P. Mercère, M. C. Sforna, C. M. Kewish, and A. Somogyi, “Development of fast, simultaneous and multi-technique scanning hard X-ray microscopy at Synchrotron Soleil,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 20, 293–299 (2013).
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P. Godard, A. M. Carbone, G. F. Mastropietro, G. Chen, L. Capello, A. Diaz, T. H. Metzger, and J. Stangl, “Three-dimensional high-resolution quantitative microscopy of extended crystals,” Nat. Commun. 2, 568 (2011).
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A. Schropp, P. Boye, A. Goldschmidt, S. Hönig, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, C. Rakete, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, S. Schöder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Non-destructive and quantitative imaging of a nano-structured microchip by ptychographic hard X-ray scanning microscopy,” J. Microsc. 241, 9–12 (2011).
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A. Schropp, P. Boye, J. M. Feldkamp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, K. Giewekemeyer, R. N. Wilke, T. Salditt, J. Gulden, A. P. Mancuso, I. A. Vartanyants, E. Weckert, S. Schder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Hard x-ray nanobeam characterization by coherent diffraction microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 091102 (2010).
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Y. Takahashi, A. Suzuki, S. Furutaku, K. Yamauchi, Y. Kohmura, and T. Ishikawa, “High-resolution and high-sensitivity phase-contrast imaging by focused hard X-ray ptychography with a spatial filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 094102 (2013).
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Y. Takahashi, A. Suzuki, N. Zettsu, Y. Kohmura, Y. Senba, H. Ohashi, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Towards high-resolution ptychographic x-ray diffraction microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 214109 (2011).
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Y. Takahashi, A. Suzuki, S. Furutaku, K. Yamauchi, Y. Kohmura, and T. Ishikawa, “High-resolution and high-sensitivity phase-contrast imaging by focused hard X-ray ptychography with a spatial filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 094102 (2013).
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Y. Takahashi, A. Suzuki, N. Zettsu, Y. Kohmura, Y. Senba, H. Ohashi, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Towards high-resolution ptychographic x-ray diffraction microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 214109 (2011).
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J. Marchal, I. Horswell, B. Willis, R. Plackett, E. N. Gimenez, J. Spiers, D. Ballard, P. Booker, J. A. Thompson, P. Gibbons, S. R. Burge, T. Nicholls, J. Lipp, and N. Tartoni, “EXCALIBUR: a small-pixel photon counting area detector for coherent X-ray diffraction - Front-end design, fabrication and characterisation,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 425, 062003 (2013).

Theidel, G.

R. Dinapoli, A. Bergamaschi, B. Henrich, R. Horisberger, I. Johnson, A. Mozzanica, E. Schmid, B. Schmitt, A. Schreiber, X. Shi, and G. Theidel, “Eiger: Next generation single photon counting detector for x-ray applications,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A 650, 79–83 (2011).
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P. Thibault and A. Menzel, “Reconstructing state mixtures from diffraction measurements,” Nature 494, 68–71 (2013).
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A. Diaz, P. Trtik, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Menzel, P. Thibault, and O. Bunk, “Quantitative X-ray phase nanotomography,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 020104(R) (2012).
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M. Dierolf, P. Thibault, A. Menzel, C. M. Kewish, K. Jefimovs, I. Schlichting, K. von Knig, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging of weakly scattering specimens,” New J. Phys. 12, 035017 (2010).
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P. Thibault, M. Dierolf, O. Bunk, A. Menzel, and F. Pfeiffer, “Probe retrieval in ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging,” Ultramicroscopy 109, 338–343 (2009).
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P. Thibault, M. Dierolf, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, C. David, and F. Pfeiffer, “High-resolution scanning X-ray diffraction microscopy,” Science 321, 379–382 (2008).
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M. Dierolf, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, F. Pfeiffer, and P. Thibault, “Ptychographic reconstructions using shared data sets,” In preparation (2014).

M. Dierolf, I. Zanette, B. Enders, P. Thibault, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic reconstructions using shared data sets,” (presented in Coherence 2012, International Workshop on Phase retrieval and Coherent Scattering, Fukuoka, Japan, 18–21 June2012).

Thieme, J.

J. Thieme, J. Sedlmair, S.-C. Gleber, J. Prietzel, J. Coates, K. Eusterhues, G. Abbt-Braun, and M. Salome, “X-ray spectromicroscopy in soil and environmental sciences,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17, 149–157 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thompson, J. A.

J. Marchal, I. Horswell, B. Willis, R. Plackett, E. N. Gimenez, J. Spiers, D. Ballard, P. Booker, J. A. Thompson, P. Gibbons, S. R. Burge, T. Nicholls, J. Lipp, and N. Tartoni, “EXCALIBUR: a small-pixel photon counting area detector for coherent X-ray diffraction - Front-end design, fabrication and characterisation,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 425, 062003 (2013).

Thurman, S. T.

Tilley, L.

M. W. M. Jones, G. A. van Riessen, B. Abbey, C. T. Putkunz, M. D. Junker, E. Balaur, D. J. Vine, I. McNulty, B. Chen, B. D. Arhatari, S. Frankland, K. A. Nugent, L. Tilley, and A. G. Peele, “Whole-cell phase contrast imaging at the nanoscale using Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging tomography,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2288 (2013).
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I. Johnson, A. Bergamaschi, H. Billich, S. Cartier, R. Dinapoli, D. Greiffenberg, M. Guizar-Sicairos, B. Henrich, A. Mozzanica, B. Schmitt, X. Shi, and G. Tinti, “Eiger: A single photon counting X-ray detector,” J. Instrum., in press (2014).

Tlustos, L.

R. Ballabriga, M. Campbell, E. Heijne, X. Llopart, L. Tlustos, and W. Wong, “Medipix3: A 64 k pixel detector readout chip working in single photon counting mode with improved spectrometric performance,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 633(Supp. 1), S15–S18 (2011). 11th International Workshop on Radiation Imaging Detectors (IWORID).
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B. Abbey, G. J. Williams, M. A. Pfeifer, J. N. Clark, C. T. Putkunz, A. Torrance, I. McNulty, T. M. Levin, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Quantitative coherent diffractive imaging of an integrated circuit at a spatial resolution of 20 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 214101 (2008).
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A. Diaz, P. Trtik, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Menzel, P. Thibault, and O. Bunk, “Quantitative X-ray phase nanotomography,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 020104(R) (2012).
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S. T. Kelly, P. Nigge, S. Prakash, A. Laskin, B. Wang, T. Tyliszczak, S. R. Leone, and M. K. Gilles, “An environmental sample chamber for reliable scanning transmission x-ray microscopy measurements under water vapor,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84, 073708 (2013).
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M. W. M. Jones, G. A. van Riessen, B. Abbey, C. T. Putkunz, M. D. Junker, E. Balaur, D. J. Vine, I. McNulty, B. Chen, B. D. Arhatari, S. Frankland, K. A. Nugent, L. Tilley, and A. G. Peele, “Whole-cell phase contrast imaging at the nanoscale using Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging tomography,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2288 (2013).
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Vartanyants, I. A.

A. Schropp, P. Boye, J. M. Feldkamp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, K. Giewekemeyer, R. N. Wilke, T. Salditt, J. Gulden, A. P. Mancuso, I. A. Vartanyants, E. Weckert, S. Schder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Hard x-ray nanobeam characterization by coherent diffraction microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 091102 (2010).
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Vassholz, M.

R. N. Wilke, M. Vassholz, and T. Salditt, “Semi-transparent central stop in high-resolution X-ray ptychography using Kirkpatrick–Baez focusing,” Acta Cryst. A 69, 490–497 (2013).
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Vergeer, F.

B. Chen, M. Guizar-Sicairos, G. Xiong, L. Shemilt, A. Diaz, J. Nutter, N. Burdet, S. Huo, J. Mancuso, A. Monteith, F. Vergeer, A. Burgess, and I. Robinson, “Three-dimensional structure analysis and percolation properties of a barrier marine coating,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1177 (2013).
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Vila-Comamala, J.

Vine, D. J.

M. W. M. Jones, G. A. van Riessen, B. Abbey, C. T. Putkunz, M. D. Junker, E. Balaur, D. J. Vine, I. McNulty, B. Chen, B. D. Arhatari, S. Frankland, K. A. Nugent, L. Tilley, and A. G. Peele, “Whole-cell phase contrast imaging at the nanoscale using Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging tomography,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2288 (2013).
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D. J. Vine, D. Pelliccia, C. Holzner, S. B. Baines, A. Berry, I. McNulty, S. Vogt, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Simultaneous x-ray fluorescence and ptychographic microscopy of cyclotella meneghiniana,” Opt. Express 20, 18287–18296 (2012).
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R. A. Dilanian, G. J. Williams, L. W. Whitehead, D. J. Vine, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, I. McNulty, H. M. Quiney, and K. A. Nugent, “Coherent diffractive imaging: a new statistically regularized amplitude constraint,” New J. Phys. 12, 093042 (2010).
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von Knig, K.

M. Dierolf, P. Thibault, A. Menzel, C. M. Kewish, K. Jefimovs, I. Schlichting, K. von Knig, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging of weakly scattering specimens,” New J. Phys. 12, 035017 (2010).
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T. B. Edo, D. J. Batey, A. M. Maiden, C. Rau, U. Wagner, Z. D. Pešić, T. A. Waigh, and J. M. Rodenburg, “Sampling in x-ray ptychography,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 053850 (2013).
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T. B. Edo, D. J. Batey, A. M. Maiden, C. Rau, U. Wagner, Z. D. Pešić, T. A. Waigh, and J. M. Rodenburg, “Sampling in x-ray ptychography,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 053850 (2013).
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S. T. Kelly, P. Nigge, S. Prakash, A. Laskin, B. Wang, T. Tyliszczak, S. R. Leone, and M. K. Gilles, “An environmental sample chamber for reliable scanning transmission x-ray microscopy measurements under water vapor,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84, 073708 (2013).
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Weckert, E.

A. Schropp, P. Boye, J. M. Feldkamp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, K. Giewekemeyer, R. N. Wilke, T. Salditt, J. Gulden, A. P. Mancuso, I. A. Vartanyants, E. Weckert, S. Schder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Hard x-ray nanobeam characterization by coherent diffraction microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 091102 (2010).
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Wellenreuther, G.

A. Schropp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, F. Seiboth, S. Stephan, G. Wellenreuther, G. Falkenberg, and C. Schroer, “Hard x-ray scanning microscopy with coherent radiation: Beyond the resolution of conventional x-ray microscopes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 253112 (2012).
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Wepf, R.

M. Dierolf, A. Menzel, P. Thibault, P. Schneider, C. M. Kewish, R. Wepf, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic X-ray computed tomography at the nanoscale,” Nature 467, 436–439 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wepf, R. A.

Whitehead, L. W.

R. A. Dilanian, G. J. Williams, L. W. Whitehead, D. J. Vine, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, I. McNulty, H. M. Quiney, and K. A. Nugent, “Coherent diffractive imaging: a new statistically regularized amplitude constraint,” New J. Phys. 12, 093042 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wilke, R. N.

R. N. Wilke, M. Vassholz, and T. Salditt, “Semi-transparent central stop in high-resolution X-ray ptychography using Kirkpatrick–Baez focusing,” Acta Cryst. A 69, 490–497 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. N. Wilke, M. Priebe, M. Bartels, K. Giewekemeyer, A. Diaz, P. Karvinen, and T. Salditt, “Hard x-ray imaging of bacterial cells: nano-diffraction and ptychographic reconstruction,” Opt. Express 20, 19232–19254 (2012).
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A. Schropp, P. Boye, J. M. Feldkamp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, K. Giewekemeyer, R. N. Wilke, T. Salditt, J. Gulden, A. P. Mancuso, I. A. Vartanyants, E. Weckert, S. Schder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Hard x-ray nanobeam characterization by coherent diffraction microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 091102 (2010).
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B. Abbey, K. Nugent, G. Williams, J. Clark, A. Peele, M. Pfeifer, M. de Jonge, and I. McNulty, “Keyhole coherent diffractive imaging,” Nat. Phys. 4, 394–398 (2008).
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R. A. Dilanian, G. J. Williams, L. W. Whitehead, D. J. Vine, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, I. McNulty, H. M. Quiney, and K. A. Nugent, “Coherent diffractive imaging: a new statistically regularized amplitude constraint,” New J. Phys. 12, 093042 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Abbey, G. J. Williams, M. A. Pfeifer, J. N. Clark, C. T. Putkunz, A. Torrance, I. McNulty, T. M. Levin, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Quantitative coherent diffractive imaging of an integrated circuit at a spatial resolution of 20 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 214101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Willis, B.

J. Marchal, I. Horswell, B. Willis, R. Plackett, E. N. Gimenez, J. Spiers, D. Ballard, P. Booker, J. A. Thompson, P. Gibbons, S. R. Burge, T. Nicholls, J. Lipp, and N. Tartoni, “EXCALIBUR: a small-pixel photon counting area detector for coherent X-ray diffraction - Front-end design, fabrication and characterisation,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 425, 062003 (2013).

Willmott, P. R.

P. Kraft, A. Bergamaschi, C. Broennimann, R. Dinapoli, E. F. Eikenberry, B. Henrich, I. Johnson, A. Mozzanica, C. M. Schlepütz, P. R. Willmott, and B. Schmitt, “Performance of single-photon-counting PILATUS detector modules,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16, 368–375 (2009).
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Wong, W.

R. Ballabriga, M. Campbell, E. Heijne, X. Llopart, L. Tlustos, and W. Wong, “Medipix3: A 64 k pixel detector readout chip working in single photon counting mode with improved spectrometric performance,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 633(Supp. 1), S15–S18 (2011). 11th International Workshop on Radiation Imaging Detectors (IWORID).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, G.

B. Chen, M. Guizar-Sicairos, G. Xiong, L. Shemilt, A. Diaz, J. Nutter, N. Burdet, S. Huo, J. Mancuso, A. Monteith, F. Vergeer, A. Burgess, and I. Robinson, “Three-dimensional structure analysis and percolation properties of a barrier marine coating,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1177 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamauchi, K.

Y. Takahashi, A. Suzuki, S. Furutaku, K. Yamauchi, Y. Kohmura, and T. Ishikawa, “High-resolution and high-sensitivity phase-contrast imaging by focused hard X-ray ptychography with a spatial filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 094102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Takahashi, A. Suzuki, N. Zettsu, Y. Kohmura, Y. Senba, H. Ohashi, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Towards high-resolution ptychographic x-ray diffraction microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 214109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zanette, I.

M. Dierolf, I. Zanette, B. Enders, P. Thibault, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic reconstructions using shared data sets,” (presented in Coherence 2012, International Workshop on Phase retrieval and Coherent Scattering, Fukuoka, Japan, 18–21 June2012).

Zettsu, N.

Y. Takahashi, A. Suzuki, N. Zettsu, Y. Kohmura, Y. Senba, H. Ohashi, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Towards high-resolution ptychographic x-ray diffraction microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 214109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, F.

Acta Cryst. A (1)

R. N. Wilke, M. Vassholz, and T. Salditt, “Semi-transparent central stop in high-resolution X-ray ptychography using Kirkpatrick–Baez focusing,” Acta Cryst. A 69, 490–497 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

A. Schropp, P. Boye, J. M. Feldkamp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, K. Giewekemeyer, R. N. Wilke, T. Salditt, J. Gulden, A. P. Mancuso, I. A. Vartanyants, E. Weckert, S. Schder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Hard x-ray nanobeam characterization by coherent diffraction microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 091102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Schropp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, F. Seiboth, S. Stephan, G. Wellenreuther, G. Falkenberg, and C. Schroer, “Hard x-ray scanning microscopy with coherent radiation: Beyond the resolution of conventional x-ray microscopes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 253112 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Takahashi, A. Suzuki, S. Furutaku, K. Yamauchi, Y. Kohmura, and T. Ishikawa, “High-resolution and high-sensitivity phase-contrast imaging by focused hard X-ray ptychography with a spatial filter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 094102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Abbey, G. J. Williams, M. A. Pfeifer, J. N. Clark, C. T. Putkunz, A. Torrance, I. McNulty, T. M. Levin, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Quantitative coherent diffractive imaging of an integrated circuit at a spatial resolution of 20 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 214101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Carbon (1)

A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Poeppel, A. Menzel, and O. Bunk, “Characterization of carbon fibers using X-ray phase nanotomography,” Carbon 67, 98–103 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Cem. Concr. Compos. (1)

P. Trtik, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Menzel, and O. Bunk, “Density mapping of hardened cement paste using ptychographic X-ray computed tomography,” Cem. Concr. Compos. 36, 71–77 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Instrum. (1)

C. Ponchut, J. M. Rigal, J. Clément, E. Papillon, A. Homs, and S. Petitdemange, “MAXIPIX, a fast readout photon-counting x-ray area detector for synchrotron applications,” J. Instrum. 6, C01069 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Microsc. (2)

A. Schropp, P. Boye, A. Goldschmidt, S. Hönig, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, C. Rakete, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, S. Schöder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Non-destructive and quantitative imaging of a nano-structured microchip by ptychographic hard X-ray scanning microscopy,” J. Microsc. 241, 9–12 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Lima, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, S. Gorelick, P. Pernot, T. Schleier, and A. Menzel, “Cryo-scanning X-ray diffraction microscopy of frozen-hydrated yeast,” J. Microsc. 249, 1–7 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. (1)

J. Marchal, I. Horswell, B. Willis, R. Plackett, E. N. Gimenez, J. Spiers, D. Ballard, P. Booker, J. A. Thompson, P. Gibbons, S. R. Burge, T. Nicholls, J. Lipp, and N. Tartoni, “EXCALIBUR: a small-pixel photon counting area detector for coherent X-ray diffraction - Front-end design, fabrication and characterisation,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 425, 062003 (2013).

J. Struct. Biol. (1)

M. van Heel and M. Schatz, “Fourier shell correlation threshold criteria,” J. Struct. Biol. 151, 250–262 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Synchrotron Radiat. (4)

J. Thieme, J. Sedlmair, S.-C. Gleber, J. Prietzel, J. Coates, K. Eusterhues, G. Abbt-Braun, and M. Salome, “X-ray spectromicroscopy in soil and environmental sciences,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 17, 149–157 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Medjoubi, N. Leclercq, F. Langlois, A. Buteau, S. Lé, S. Poirier, P. Mercère, M. C. Sforna, C. M. Kewish, and A. Somogyi, “Development of fast, simultaneous and multi-technique scanning hard X-ray microscopy at Synchrotron Soleil,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 20, 293–299 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kraft, A. Bergamaschi, C. Broennimann, R. Dinapoli, E. F. Eikenberry, B. Henrich, I. Johnson, A. Mozzanica, C. M. Schlepütz, P. R. Willmott, and B. Schmitt, “Performance of single-photon-counting PILATUS detector modules,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16, 368–375 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Johnson, A. Bergamaschi, J. Buitenhuis, R. Dinapoli, D. Greiffenberg, B. Henrich, T. Ikonen, G. Meier, A. Menzel, A. Mozzanica, V. Radicci, D. K. Satapathy, B. Schmitt, and X. Shi, “Capturing dynamics with Eiger, a fast-framing X-ray detector,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 19, 1001–1005 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Macromolecules (1)

M. Esmaeili, J. B. Fløystad, A. Diaz, K. Høydalsvik, M. Guizar-Sicairos, J. W. Andreasen, and D. W. Breiby, “Ptychographic X-ray tomography of silk fiber hydration,” Macromolecules 46, 434–439 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Commun. (2)

A. Maiden, G. Morrison, B. Kaulich, A. Gianoncelli, and J. Rodenburg, “Soft X-ray spectromicroscopy using ptychography with randomly phased illumination,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1669 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Godard, A. M. Carbone, G. F. Mastropietro, G. Chen, L. Capello, A. Diaz, T. H. Metzger, and J. Stangl, “Three-dimensional high-resolution quantitative microscopy of extended crystals,” Nat. Commun. 2, 568 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Phys. (1)

B. Abbey, K. Nugent, G. Williams, J. Clark, A. Peele, M. Pfeifer, M. de Jonge, and I. McNulty, “Keyhole coherent diffractive imaging,” Nat. Phys. 4, 394–398 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (3)

J. Miao, P. Charalambous, J. Kirz, and D. Sayre, “Extending the methodology of X-ray crystallography to allow imaging of micrometre-sized non-crystalline specimens,” Nature 400, 342–344 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Thibault and A. Menzel, “Reconstructing state mixtures from diffraction measurements,” Nature 494, 68–71 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Dierolf, A. Menzel, P. Thibault, P. Schneider, C. M. Kewish, R. Wepf, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic X-ray computed tomography at the nanoscale,” Nature 467, 436–439 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (3)

R. A. Dilanian, G. J. Williams, L. W. Whitehead, D. J. Vine, A. G. Peele, E. Balaur, I. McNulty, H. M. Quiney, and K. A. Nugent, “Coherent diffractive imaging: a new statistically regularized amplitude constraint,” New J. Phys. 12, 093042 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Thibault and M. Guizar-Sicairos, “Maximum-likelihood refinement for coherent diffractive imaging,” New J. Phys. 14, 063004 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Dierolf, P. Thibault, A. Menzel, C. M. Kewish, K. Jefimovs, I. Schlichting, K. von Knig, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging of weakly scattering specimens,” New J. Phys. 12, 035017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A (1)

R. Dinapoli, A. Bergamaschi, B. Henrich, R. Horisberger, I. Johnson, A. Mozzanica, E. Schmid, B. Schmitt, A. Schreiber, X. Shi, and G. Theidel, “Eiger: Next generation single photon counting detector for x-ray applications,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A 650, 79–83 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (2)

B. Henrich, A. Bergamaschi, C. Broennimann, R. Dinapoli, E. F. Eikenberry, I. Johnson, M. Kobas, P. Kraft, A. Mozzanica, and B. Schmitt, “Pilatus: A single photon counting pixel detector for x-ray applications,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 607, 247–249 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Ballabriga, M. Campbell, E. Heijne, X. Llopart, L. Tlustos, and W. Wong, “Medipix3: A 64 k pixel detector readout chip working in single photon counting mode with improved spectrometric performance,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 633(Supp. 1), S15–S18 (2011). 11th International Workshop on Radiation Imaging Detectors (IWORID).
[CrossRef]

Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on (1)

X. Llopart, M. Campbell, R. Dinapoli, D. San Segundo, and E. Pernigotti, “Medipix2: A 64-k pixel readout chip with 55 μm square elements working in single photon counting mode,” Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on 49, 2279–2283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (7)

D. J. Vine, D. Pelliccia, C. Holzner, S. B. Baines, A. Berry, I. McNulty, S. Vogt, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Simultaneous x-ray fluorescence and ptychographic microscopy of cyclotella meneghiniana,” Opt. Express 20, 18287–18296 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. N. Wilke, M. Priebe, M. Bartels, K. Giewekemeyer, A. Diaz, P. Karvinen, and T. Salditt, “Hard x-ray imaging of bacterial cells: nano-diffraction and ptychographic reconstruction,” Opt. Express 20, 19232–19254 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Vila-Comamala, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Mantion, C. M. Kewish, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, and C. David, “Characterization of high-resolution diffractive x-ray optics by ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging,” Opt. Express 19, 21333–21344 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Diaz, M. Holler, M. S. Lucas, A. Menzel, R. A. Wepf, and O. Bunk, “Phase tomography from X-ray coherent diffractive imaging projections,” Opt. Express 19, 21345–21357 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Guizar-Sicairos and J. R. Fienup, “Phase retrieval with transverse translation diversity: a nonlinear optimization approach,” Opt. Express 16, 7264–7278 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Guizar-Sicairos and J. R. Fienup, “Measurement of coherent x-ray focused beams by phase retrieval with transverse translation diversity,” Opt. Express 17, 2670–2685 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Kewish, M. Guizar-Sicairos, C. Liu, J. Qian, B. Shi, C. Benson, A. M. Khounsary, J. Vila-Comamala, O. Bunk, J. R. Fienup, A. T. Macrander, and L. Assoufid, “Reconstruction of an astigmatic hard x-ray beam and alignment of K-B mirrors from ptychographic coherent diffraction data,” Opt. Express 18, 23420–23427 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Optik (1)

R. W. Gerchberg, “A practical algorithm for the determination of phase from image and diffraction plane pictures,” Optik 35, 237 (1972).

Phys. Rev. A (1)

T. B. Edo, D. J. Batey, A. M. Maiden, C. Rau, U. Wagner, Z. D. Pešić, T. A. Waigh, and J. M. Rodenburg, “Sampling in x-ray ptychography,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 053850 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

A. Diaz, P. Trtik, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Menzel, P. Thibault, and O. Bunk, “Quantitative X-ray phase nanotomography,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 020104(R) (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Takahashi, A. Suzuki, N. Zettsu, Y. Kohmura, Y. Senba, H. Ohashi, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Towards high-resolution ptychographic x-ray diffraction microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 214109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

H. M. L. Faulkner and J. M. Rodenburg, “Movable aperture lensless transmission microscopy: A novel phase retrieval algorithm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 023903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

M. Holler, J. Raabe, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, C. Quitmann, A. Menzel, and O. Bunk, “An instrument for 3D X-ray nano-imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 073703 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. T. Kelly, P. Nigge, S. Prakash, A. Laskin, B. Wang, T. Tyliszczak, S. R. Leone, and M. K. Gilles, “An environmental sample chamber for reliable scanning transmission x-ray microscopy measurements under water vapor,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84, 073708 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (3)

M. Holler, A. Diaz, M. Guizar-Sicairos, P. Karvinen, E. Färm, E. Härkönen, M. Ritala, A. Menzel, J. Raabe, and O. Bunk, “Hard x-ray ptychographic computed tomography at 16 nm 3D resolution,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3857 (2014).
[CrossRef]

B. Chen, M. Guizar-Sicairos, G. Xiong, L. Shemilt, A. Diaz, J. Nutter, N. Burdet, S. Huo, J. Mancuso, A. Monteith, F. Vergeer, A. Burgess, and I. Robinson, “Three-dimensional structure analysis and percolation properties of a barrier marine coating,” Sci. Rep. 3, 1177 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. M. Jones, G. A. van Riessen, B. Abbey, C. T. Putkunz, M. D. Junker, E. Balaur, D. J. Vine, I. McNulty, B. Chen, B. D. Arhatari, S. Frankland, K. A. Nugent, L. Tilley, and A. G. Peele, “Whole-cell phase contrast imaging at the nanoscale using Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging tomography,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2288 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

P. Thibault, M. Dierolf, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, C. David, and F. Pfeiffer, “High-resolution scanning X-ray diffraction microscopy,” Science 321, 379–382 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ultramicroscopy (2)

P. Thibault, M. Dierolf, O. Bunk, A. Menzel, and F. Pfeiffer, “Probe retrieval in ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging,” Ultramicroscopy 109, 338–343 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Maiden and J. M. Rodenburg, “An improved ptychographical phase retrieval algorithm for diffractive imaging,” Ultramicroscopy 109, 1256–1262 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (5)

P. Braun, “On-the-fly scans for x-ray ptychography,” Master’s thesis, Université Montpellier2 (2013).

I. Johnson, A. Bergamaschi, H. Billich, S. Cartier, R. Dinapoli, D. Greiffenberg, M. Guizar-Sicairos, B. Henrich, A. Mozzanica, B. Schmitt, X. Shi, and G. Tinti, “Eiger: A single photon counting X-ray detector,” J. Instrum., in press (2014).

An application programming interface (API) specification for parallel programming. http://openmp.org/

M. Dierolf, I. Zanette, B. Enders, P. Thibault, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic reconstructions using shared data sets,” (presented in Coherence 2012, International Workshop on Phase retrieval and Coherent Scattering, Fukuoka, Japan, 18–21 June2012).

M. Dierolf, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, F. Pfeiffer, and P. Thibault, “Ptychographic reconstructions using shared data sets,” In preparation (2014).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Experimental setup. The sample is mounted on a scanning system and is illuminated by a 10 μm beam focused by an X-ray FZP. (b) and (c) show example diffraction patterns from a ptychography scan in logarithmic scale with 0.2 second exposure time, scale bars correspond to 30 radians/μm

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Scanning points for a 500 μm × 290 μm FOV. Ptychography scans of 80 μm × 80 μm are repeated after 70 μm translation using coarse stages, having 10 μm overlap between scans. The solid square denotes the inset area shown in (b).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Phase of 500 μm × 290 μm reconstruction of the sample, an Eiger readout chip, imaged with 98.4 megapixels. Although the phase of the reconstruction covers the range of [−π, π] radians, for better visualization of low-contrast details a range of [0.4, 2.6] radians is shown. (b) Inset of 80 μm × 80 μm, indicated by a blue rectangle in (a) and with the same color scale, shows a full Eiger pixel. Labeled are rows of tungsten vias (RV), the pixel bump bond pad (BBP) and an array of 64 trim-bit linear transistors (TBT). Red rectangles in (a) and (b) outline the 24 μm × 20 μm inset shown in Fig. 4(a) and Fig. 4(d). (c) Amplitude of the reconstruction inset shown in (b).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Inset of 24 μm × 20 μm of the reconstruction, denoted by red rectangles in Figs. 3(a) and 3(b) and shown with the same phase range. The detail of tungsten vias connections between layers, which appear as dark circles, and the BBP and transistor elements can be better inspected. Line profiles, indicated in (a) by solid lines, show (b) a resolved line feature with 45 nm full-width-half-maximum and (c) an edge response (10% – 90%) of 46 nm. (d) Image in (a) with an overlay of some layers of the chip design. The borders of the top metal layer are shown in red. As expected these borders surround the lines of gaps that appear in the X-ray image in white. The two components of linear and round transistors, the polycrystalline silicon and diffusion layers, are shown in purple and green, respectively. A layer of metal interconnects is shown in blue. (e) Schematic of the layered structure of the Eiger readout chip. Intermediate metal layers shown in gray here are not shown in (d) for clarity.

Equations (10)

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w = λ z 2 Δ ,
ψ j ( r ) = P ( r r j ) O ( r ) ,
I j ( q ) = | { ψ j ( r ) } | 2 ,
ψ j ( r ) = P n j ( r r j ) O m j ( r ) ,
n j = { 1 , if 1 j 423 2 , if 424 j 846 k , if 1 + ( k 1 ) 423 j 423 k
O k ( r ) = j = { j | m j = k } P n j * ( r r j ) ψ j ( r ) j = { j | m j = k } | P n j ( r r j ) | 2 ,
P l ( r ) = j = { j | n j = l } O m j * ( r + r j ) ψ j ( r + r j ) j = { j | n j = l } | O m j ( r + r j ) | 2 ,
g O k ( r ) = j = { j | m j = k } P n j ( r r j ) χ j * ( r ) ,
g P l ( r ) = j = { j | n j = l } O m j ( r + r j ) χ j * ( r + r j ) ,
χ ˜ j ( q ) = I j ( q ) { ψ j ( r ) } .

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