Abstract

We have proposed and developed a new type of electroabsorption modulator (EAM) that employs both optical absorption and interferometric extinction. The EAM operates at a record low voltage of 0.2 V at 25.8-Gbit/s modulation, which can reduce optical transmitter power consumption and allows the adoption of cost-effective CMOS drivers.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Makino, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, H. Hayashi, T. Shiota, S. Tanaka, M. Aoki, N. Sasada, and K. Naoe, “High-speed EA-DFB laser for 40-G and 100-Gbps,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E92-C(7), 937–941 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. Oomori, H. Ooe, M. Seki, Y. Fujimura, K. Matsumoto, and Y. Murakami, “An extremely compact electro-absorption modulator integrated DFB laser module for 100gbps ethernet over 75km SMF reach,” in Proc. of ECOC 2008, P.2.0.7 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Saito, T. Yamatoya, Y. Morita, E. Ishimura, C. Watatani, T. Aoyagi, and T. Ishikawa, “Clear eye opening 1.3µm-25/43 Gbps EML with novel tensile-strained asymmetric QW absorption layer,” in Proc. of ECOC 2009, P.8.1.3 (2009).
  4. H. Takahashi, T. Shimamura, T. Sugiyama, M. Kubota, and K. Nakamura, “High-power 25-Gb/s electroabsorption modulator integrated with a laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 633–635 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Fujisawa, M. Arai, N. Fujiwara, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, K. Tsuzuki, Y. Akage, R. Iga, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “25 Gbit/s 1.3 μm InGaAlAs-based electroabsorption modulator integrated with DFB laser for metro-area (40 km) 100 Gbit/s ethernet system,” IET Electron. Lett. 45(17), 900–902 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Kanazawa, T. Fujisawa, A. Ohki, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “A compact EADFB laser array module for a future 100-Gb/s ethernet transceiver,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1191–1197 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, K. Takahata, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, H. Ishii, and F. Kano, “1.3-μm, 4 × 25-Gbit/s, EADFB laser array module with large-output-power and low-driving-voltage for energy-efficient 100GbE transmitter,” Opt. Express 20(1), 614–620 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. I. Kang, “Phase-shift-keying and on-off-keying with improved performances using electroabsorption modulators with interferometric effects,” Opt. Express 15(4), 1467–1473 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, P. J. Winzer, and A. H. Gnauck, “28-Gbaud InP square or hexagonal 16-QAM modulator,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC 2011, OMU2 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. Kazmierski, D. Carrara, K. Ławniczuk, G. Aubin, J.-G. Provost, and R. Guillamet, “12.5GB operation of a novel monolithic 1.55μm BPSK source based on prefixed optical phase switching,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC 2013, OW4J.8 (2013).
  11. Y. Lee, D. Kawamura, T. Takai, K. Kogo, K. Adachi, T. Sugawara, N. Chujo, Y. Matsuoka, S. Hamamura, K. Yamazaki, Y. Ishigami, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, and S. Tsuji, “25-Gb/s 100-m MMF transmission using a prototype 1.3-μm-range CMOS-based transceiver for optical interconnections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(6), 467–469 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  12. N. Chujo, T. Kawamata, K. Ohhata, and T. Ohno, “A 25Gb/s laser diode driver with mutually coupled peaking inductors for optical interconnects,” in Proc. of CICC 2010, 1–4 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (2)

Y. Lee, D. Kawamura, T. Takai, K. Kogo, K. Adachi, T. Sugawara, N. Chujo, Y. Matsuoka, S. Hamamura, K. Yamazaki, Y. Ishigami, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, and S. Tsuji, “25-Gb/s 100-m MMF transmission using a prototype 1.3-μm-range CMOS-based transceiver for optical interconnections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(6), 467–469 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, K. Takahata, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, H. Ishii, and F. Kano, “1.3-μm, 4 × 25-Gbit/s, EADFB laser array module with large-output-power and low-driving-voltage for energy-efficient 100GbE transmitter,” Opt. Express 20(1), 614–620 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

S. Kanazawa, T. Fujisawa, A. Ohki, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “A compact EADFB laser array module for a future 100-Gb/s ethernet transceiver,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1191–1197 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

S. Makino, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, H. Hayashi, T. Shiota, S. Tanaka, M. Aoki, N. Sasada, and K. Naoe, “High-speed EA-DFB laser for 40-G and 100-Gbps,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E92-C(7), 937–941 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Takahashi, T. Shimamura, T. Sugiyama, M. Kubota, and K. Nakamura, “High-power 25-Gb/s electroabsorption modulator integrated with a laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 633–635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujisawa, M. Arai, N. Fujiwara, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, K. Tsuzuki, Y. Akage, R. Iga, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “25 Gbit/s 1.3 μm InGaAlAs-based electroabsorption modulator integrated with DFB laser for metro-area (40 km) 100 Gbit/s ethernet system,” IET Electron. Lett. 45(17), 900–902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

Adachi, K.

Y. Lee, D. Kawamura, T. Takai, K. Kogo, K. Adachi, T. Sugawara, N. Chujo, Y. Matsuoka, S. Hamamura, K. Yamazaki, Y. Ishigami, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, and S. Tsuji, “25-Gb/s 100-m MMF transmission using a prototype 1.3-μm-range CMOS-based transceiver for optical interconnections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(6), 467–469 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Akage, Y.

T. Fujisawa, M. Arai, N. Fujiwara, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, K. Tsuzuki, Y. Akage, R. Iga, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “25 Gbit/s 1.3 μm InGaAlAs-based electroabsorption modulator integrated with DFB laser for metro-area (40 km) 100 Gbit/s ethernet system,” IET Electron. Lett. 45(17), 900–902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Aoki, M.

S. Makino, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, H. Hayashi, T. Shiota, S. Tanaka, M. Aoki, N. Sasada, and K. Naoe, “High-speed EA-DFB laser for 40-G and 100-Gbps,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E92-C(7), 937–941 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Aoyagi, T.

T. Saito, T. Yamatoya, Y. Morita, E. Ishimura, C. Watatani, T. Aoyagi, and T. Ishikawa, “Clear eye opening 1.3µm-25/43 Gbps EML with novel tensile-strained asymmetric QW absorption layer,” in Proc. of ECOC 2009, P.8.1.3 (2009).

Arai, M.

T. Fujisawa, M. Arai, N. Fujiwara, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, K. Tsuzuki, Y. Akage, R. Iga, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “25 Gbit/s 1.3 μm InGaAlAs-based electroabsorption modulator integrated with DFB laser for metro-area (40 km) 100 Gbit/s ethernet system,” IET Electron. Lett. 45(17), 900–902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chujo, N.

Y. Lee, D. Kawamura, T. Takai, K. Kogo, K. Adachi, T. Sugawara, N. Chujo, Y. Matsuoka, S. Hamamura, K. Yamazaki, Y. Ishigami, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, and S. Tsuji, “25-Gb/s 100-m MMF transmission using a prototype 1.3-μm-range CMOS-based transceiver for optical interconnections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(6), 467–469 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Chujo, T. Kawamata, K. Ohhata, and T. Ohno, “A 25Gb/s laser diode driver with mutually coupled peaking inductors for optical interconnects,” in Proc. of CICC 2010, 1–4 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fujimura, Y.

H. Oomori, H. Ooe, M. Seki, Y. Fujimura, K. Matsumoto, and Y. Murakami, “An extremely compact electro-absorption modulator integrated DFB laser module for 100gbps ethernet over 75km SMF reach,” in Proc. of ECOC 2008, P.2.0.7 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fujisawa, T.

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, K. Takahata, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, H. Ishii, and F. Kano, “1.3-μm, 4 × 25-Gbit/s, EADFB laser array module with large-output-power and low-driving-voltage for energy-efficient 100GbE transmitter,” Opt. Express 20(1), 614–620 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kanazawa, T. Fujisawa, A. Ohki, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “A compact EADFB laser array module for a future 100-Gb/s ethernet transceiver,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1191–1197 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujisawa, M. Arai, N. Fujiwara, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, K. Tsuzuki, Y. Akage, R. Iga, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “25 Gbit/s 1.3 μm InGaAlAs-based electroabsorption modulator integrated with DFB laser for metro-area (40 km) 100 Gbit/s ethernet system,” IET Electron. Lett. 45(17), 900–902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, N.

S. Kanazawa, T. Fujisawa, A. Ohki, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “A compact EADFB laser array module for a future 100-Gb/s ethernet transceiver,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1191–1197 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujisawa, M. Arai, N. Fujiwara, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, K. Tsuzuki, Y. Akage, R. Iga, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “25 Gbit/s 1.3 μm InGaAlAs-based electroabsorption modulator integrated with DFB laser for metro-area (40 km) 100 Gbit/s ethernet system,” IET Electron. Lett. 45(17), 900–902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hamamura, S.

Y. Lee, D. Kawamura, T. Takai, K. Kogo, K. Adachi, T. Sugawara, N. Chujo, Y. Matsuoka, S. Hamamura, K. Yamazaki, Y. Ishigami, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, and S. Tsuji, “25-Gb/s 100-m MMF transmission using a prototype 1.3-μm-range CMOS-based transceiver for optical interconnections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(6), 467–469 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hayashi, H.

S. Makino, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, H. Hayashi, T. Shiota, S. Tanaka, M. Aoki, N. Sasada, and K. Naoe, “High-speed EA-DFB laser for 40-G and 100-Gbps,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E92-C(7), 937–941 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Iga, R.

S. Kanazawa, T. Fujisawa, A. Ohki, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “A compact EADFB laser array module for a future 100-Gb/s ethernet transceiver,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1191–1197 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujisawa, M. Arai, N. Fujiwara, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, K. Tsuzuki, Y. Akage, R. Iga, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “25 Gbit/s 1.3 μm InGaAlAs-based electroabsorption modulator integrated with DFB laser for metro-area (40 km) 100 Gbit/s ethernet system,” IET Electron. Lett. 45(17), 900–902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ishigami, Y.

Y. Lee, D. Kawamura, T. Takai, K. Kogo, K. Adachi, T. Sugawara, N. Chujo, Y. Matsuoka, S. Hamamura, K. Yamazaki, Y. Ishigami, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, and S. Tsuji, “25-Gb/s 100-m MMF transmission using a prototype 1.3-μm-range CMOS-based transceiver for optical interconnections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(6), 467–469 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, H.

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, K. Takahata, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, H. Ishii, and F. Kano, “1.3-μm, 4 × 25-Gbit/s, EADFB laser array module with large-output-power and low-driving-voltage for energy-efficient 100GbE transmitter,” Opt. Express 20(1), 614–620 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kanazawa, T. Fujisawa, A. Ohki, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “A compact EADFB laser array module for a future 100-Gb/s ethernet transceiver,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1191–1197 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, T.

T. Saito, T. Yamatoya, Y. Morita, E. Ishimura, C. Watatani, T. Aoyagi, and T. Ishikawa, “Clear eye opening 1.3µm-25/43 Gbps EML with novel tensile-strained asymmetric QW absorption layer,” in Proc. of ECOC 2009, P.8.1.3 (2009).

Ishimura, E.

T. Saito, T. Yamatoya, Y. Morita, E. Ishimura, C. Watatani, T. Aoyagi, and T. Ishikawa, “Clear eye opening 1.3µm-25/43 Gbps EML with novel tensile-strained asymmetric QW absorption layer,” in Proc. of ECOC 2009, P.8.1.3 (2009).

Kanazawa, S.

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, K. Takahata, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, H. Ishii, and F. Kano, “1.3-μm, 4 × 25-Gbit/s, EADFB laser array module with large-output-power and low-driving-voltage for energy-efficient 100GbE transmitter,” Opt. Express 20(1), 614–620 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kanazawa, T. Fujisawa, A. Ohki, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “A compact EADFB laser array module for a future 100-Gb/s ethernet transceiver,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1191–1197 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kang, I.

Kano, F.

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, K. Takahata, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, H. Ishii, and F. Kano, “1.3-μm, 4 × 25-Gbit/s, EADFB laser array module with large-output-power and low-driving-voltage for energy-efficient 100GbE transmitter,” Opt. Express 20(1), 614–620 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kanazawa, T. Fujisawa, A. Ohki, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “A compact EADFB laser array module for a future 100-Gb/s ethernet transceiver,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1191–1197 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujisawa, M. Arai, N. Fujiwara, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, K. Tsuzuki, Y. Akage, R. Iga, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “25 Gbit/s 1.3 μm InGaAlAs-based electroabsorption modulator integrated with DFB laser for metro-area (40 km) 100 Gbit/s ethernet system,” IET Electron. Lett. 45(17), 900–902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kawaguchi, Y.

S. Kanazawa, T. Fujisawa, A. Ohki, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “A compact EADFB laser array module for a future 100-Gb/s ethernet transceiver,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1191–1197 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kawamata, T.

N. Chujo, T. Kawamata, K. Ohhata, and T. Ohno, “A 25Gb/s laser diode driver with mutually coupled peaking inductors for optical interconnects,” in Proc. of CICC 2010, 1–4 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kawamura, D.

Y. Lee, D. Kawamura, T. Takai, K. Kogo, K. Adachi, T. Sugawara, N. Chujo, Y. Matsuoka, S. Hamamura, K. Yamazaki, Y. Ishigami, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, and S. Tsuji, “25-Gb/s 100-m MMF transmission using a prototype 1.3-μm-range CMOS-based transceiver for optical interconnections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(6), 467–469 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kitatani, T.

S. Makino, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, H. Hayashi, T. Shiota, S. Tanaka, M. Aoki, N. Sasada, and K. Naoe, “High-speed EA-DFB laser for 40-G and 100-Gbps,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E92-C(7), 937–941 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, W.

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, K. Takahata, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, H. Ishii, and F. Kano, “1.3-μm, 4 × 25-Gbit/s, EADFB laser array module with large-output-power and low-driving-voltage for energy-efficient 100GbE transmitter,” Opt. Express 20(1), 614–620 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Fujisawa, M. Arai, N. Fujiwara, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, K. Tsuzuki, Y. Akage, R. Iga, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “25 Gbit/s 1.3 μm InGaAlAs-based electroabsorption modulator integrated with DFB laser for metro-area (40 km) 100 Gbit/s ethernet system,” IET Electron. Lett. 45(17), 900–902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kogo, K.

Y. Lee, D. Kawamura, T. Takai, K. Kogo, K. Adachi, T. Sugawara, N. Chujo, Y. Matsuoka, S. Hamamura, K. Yamazaki, Y. Ishigami, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, and S. Tsuji, “25-Gb/s 100-m MMF transmission using a prototype 1.3-μm-range CMOS-based transceiver for optical interconnections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(6), 467–469 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kubota, M.

H. Takahashi, T. Shimamura, T. Sugiyama, M. Kubota, and K. Nakamura, “High-power 25-Gb/s electroabsorption modulator integrated with a laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 633–635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y.

Y. Lee, D. Kawamura, T. Takai, K. Kogo, K. Adachi, T. Sugawara, N. Chujo, Y. Matsuoka, S. Hamamura, K. Yamazaki, Y. Ishigami, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, and S. Tsuji, “25-Gb/s 100-m MMF transmission using a prototype 1.3-μm-range CMOS-based transceiver for optical interconnections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(6), 467–469 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Makino, S.

S. Makino, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, H. Hayashi, T. Shiota, S. Tanaka, M. Aoki, N. Sasada, and K. Naoe, “High-speed EA-DFB laser for 40-G and 100-Gbps,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E92-C(7), 937–941 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Matsumoto, K.

H. Oomori, H. Ooe, M. Seki, Y. Fujimura, K. Matsumoto, and Y. Murakami, “An extremely compact electro-absorption modulator integrated DFB laser module for 100gbps ethernet over 75km SMF reach,” in Proc. of ECOC 2008, P.2.0.7 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Matsuoka, Y.

Y. Lee, D. Kawamura, T. Takai, K. Kogo, K. Adachi, T. Sugawara, N. Chujo, Y. Matsuoka, S. Hamamura, K. Yamazaki, Y. Ishigami, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, and S. Tsuji, “25-Gb/s 100-m MMF transmission using a prototype 1.3-μm-range CMOS-based transceiver for optical interconnections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(6), 467–469 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Morita, Y.

T. Saito, T. Yamatoya, Y. Morita, E. Ishimura, C. Watatani, T. Aoyagi, and T. Ishikawa, “Clear eye opening 1.3µm-25/43 Gbps EML with novel tensile-strained asymmetric QW absorption layer,” in Proc. of ECOC 2009, P.8.1.3 (2009).

Murakami, Y.

H. Oomori, H. Ooe, M. Seki, Y. Fujimura, K. Matsumoto, and Y. Murakami, “An extremely compact electro-absorption modulator integrated DFB laser module for 100gbps ethernet over 75km SMF reach,” in Proc. of ECOC 2008, P.2.0.7 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, K.

H. Takahashi, T. Shimamura, T. Sugiyama, M. Kubota, and K. Nakamura, “High-power 25-Gb/s electroabsorption modulator integrated with a laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 633–635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Naoe, K.

S. Makino, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, H. Hayashi, T. Shiota, S. Tanaka, M. Aoki, N. Sasada, and K. Naoe, “High-speed EA-DFB laser for 40-G and 100-Gbps,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E92-C(7), 937–941 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nunoya, N.

S. Kanazawa, T. Fujisawa, A. Ohki, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “A compact EADFB laser array module for a future 100-Gb/s ethernet transceiver,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1191–1197 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ohhata, K.

N. Chujo, T. Kawamata, K. Ohhata, and T. Ohno, “A 25Gb/s laser diode driver with mutually coupled peaking inductors for optical interconnects,” in Proc. of CICC 2010, 1–4 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ohki, A.

S. Kanazawa, T. Fujisawa, A. Ohki, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “A compact EADFB laser array module for a future 100-Gb/s ethernet transceiver,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1191–1197 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ohno, T.

N. Chujo, T. Kawamata, K. Ohhata, and T. Ohno, “A 25Gb/s laser diode driver with mutually coupled peaking inductors for optical interconnects,” in Proc. of CICC 2010, 1–4 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ooe, H.

H. Oomori, H. Ooe, M. Seki, Y. Fujimura, K. Matsumoto, and Y. Murakami, “An extremely compact electro-absorption modulator integrated DFB laser module for 100gbps ethernet over 75km SMF reach,” in Proc. of ECOC 2008, P.2.0.7 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Oohashi, H.

S. Kanazawa, T. Fujisawa, A. Ohki, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “A compact EADFB laser array module for a future 100-Gb/s ethernet transceiver,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1191–1197 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Oomori, H.

H. Oomori, H. Ooe, M. Seki, Y. Fujimura, K. Matsumoto, and Y. Murakami, “An extremely compact electro-absorption modulator integrated DFB laser module for 100gbps ethernet over 75km SMF reach,” in Proc. of ECOC 2008, P.2.0.7 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Saito, T.

T. Saito, T. Yamatoya, Y. Morita, E. Ishimura, C. Watatani, T. Aoyagi, and T. Ishikawa, “Clear eye opening 1.3µm-25/43 Gbps EML with novel tensile-strained asymmetric QW absorption layer,” in Proc. of ECOC 2009, P.8.1.3 (2009).

Sasada, N.

S. Makino, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, H. Hayashi, T. Shiota, S. Tanaka, M. Aoki, N. Sasada, and K. Naoe, “High-speed EA-DFB laser for 40-G and 100-Gbps,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E92-C(7), 937–941 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Seki, M.

H. Oomori, H. Ooe, M. Seki, Y. Fujimura, K. Matsumoto, and Y. Murakami, “An extremely compact electro-absorption modulator integrated DFB laser module for 100gbps ethernet over 75km SMF reach,” in Proc. of ECOC 2008, P.2.0.7 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shimamura, T.

H. Takahashi, T. Shimamura, T. Sugiyama, M. Kubota, and K. Nakamura, “High-power 25-Gb/s electroabsorption modulator integrated with a laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 633–635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shinoda, K.

S. Makino, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, H. Hayashi, T. Shiota, S. Tanaka, M. Aoki, N. Sasada, and K. Naoe, “High-speed EA-DFB laser for 40-G and 100-Gbps,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E92-C(7), 937–941 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shiota, T.

S. Makino, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, H. Hayashi, T. Shiota, S. Tanaka, M. Aoki, N. Sasada, and K. Naoe, “High-speed EA-DFB laser for 40-G and 100-Gbps,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E92-C(7), 937–941 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sugawara, T.

Y. Lee, D. Kawamura, T. Takai, K. Kogo, K. Adachi, T. Sugawara, N. Chujo, Y. Matsuoka, S. Hamamura, K. Yamazaki, Y. Ishigami, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, and S. Tsuji, “25-Gb/s 100-m MMF transmission using a prototype 1.3-μm-range CMOS-based transceiver for optical interconnections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(6), 467–469 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sugiyama, T.

H. Takahashi, T. Shimamura, T. Sugiyama, M. Kubota, and K. Nakamura, “High-power 25-Gb/s electroabsorption modulator integrated with a laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 633–635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tadokoro, T.

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, K. Takahata, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, H. Ishii, and F. Kano, “1.3-μm, 4 × 25-Gbit/s, EADFB laser array module with large-output-power and low-driving-voltage for energy-efficient 100GbE transmitter,” Opt. Express 20(1), 614–620 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Fujisawa, M. Arai, N. Fujiwara, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, K. Tsuzuki, Y. Akage, R. Iga, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “25 Gbit/s 1.3 μm InGaAlAs-based electroabsorption modulator integrated with DFB laser for metro-area (40 km) 100 Gbit/s ethernet system,” IET Electron. Lett. 45(17), 900–902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, H.

H. Takahashi, T. Shimamura, T. Sugiyama, M. Kubota, and K. Nakamura, “High-power 25-Gb/s electroabsorption modulator integrated with a laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 633–635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Takahata, K.

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, K. Takahata, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, H. Ishii, and F. Kano, “1.3-μm, 4 × 25-Gbit/s, EADFB laser array module with large-output-power and low-driving-voltage for energy-efficient 100GbE transmitter,” Opt. Express 20(1), 614–620 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kanazawa, T. Fujisawa, A. Ohki, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “A compact EADFB laser array module for a future 100-Gb/s ethernet transceiver,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1191–1197 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Takai, T.

Y. Lee, D. Kawamura, T. Takai, K. Kogo, K. Adachi, T. Sugawara, N. Chujo, Y. Matsuoka, S. Hamamura, K. Yamazaki, Y. Ishigami, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, and S. Tsuji, “25-Gb/s 100-m MMF transmission using a prototype 1.3-μm-range CMOS-based transceiver for optical interconnections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(6), 467–469 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Takemoto, T.

Y. Lee, D. Kawamura, T. Takai, K. Kogo, K. Adachi, T. Sugawara, N. Chujo, Y. Matsuoka, S. Hamamura, K. Yamazaki, Y. Ishigami, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, and S. Tsuji, “25-Gb/s 100-m MMF transmission using a prototype 1.3-μm-range CMOS-based transceiver for optical interconnections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(6), 467–469 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, S.

S. Makino, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, H. Hayashi, T. Shiota, S. Tanaka, M. Aoki, N. Sasada, and K. Naoe, “High-speed EA-DFB laser for 40-G and 100-Gbps,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E92-C(7), 937–941 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tsuji, S.

Y. Lee, D. Kawamura, T. Takai, K. Kogo, K. Adachi, T. Sugawara, N. Chujo, Y. Matsuoka, S. Hamamura, K. Yamazaki, Y. Ishigami, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, and S. Tsuji, “25-Gb/s 100-m MMF transmission using a prototype 1.3-μm-range CMOS-based transceiver for optical interconnections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(6), 467–469 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tsuzuki, K.

T. Fujisawa, M. Arai, N. Fujiwara, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, K. Tsuzuki, Y. Akage, R. Iga, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “25 Gbit/s 1.3 μm InGaAlAs-based electroabsorption modulator integrated with DFB laser for metro-area (40 km) 100 Gbit/s ethernet system,” IET Electron. Lett. 45(17), 900–902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Watatani, C.

T. Saito, T. Yamatoya, Y. Morita, E. Ishimura, C. Watatani, T. Aoyagi, and T. Ishikawa, “Clear eye opening 1.3µm-25/43 Gbps EML with novel tensile-strained asymmetric QW absorption layer,” in Proc. of ECOC 2009, P.8.1.3 (2009).

Yamanaka, T.

T. Fujisawa, M. Arai, N. Fujiwara, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, K. Tsuzuki, Y. Akage, R. Iga, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “25 Gbit/s 1.3 μm InGaAlAs-based electroabsorption modulator integrated with DFB laser for metro-area (40 km) 100 Gbit/s ethernet system,” IET Electron. Lett. 45(17), 900–902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, H.

Y. Lee, D. Kawamura, T. Takai, K. Kogo, K. Adachi, T. Sugawara, N. Chujo, Y. Matsuoka, S. Hamamura, K. Yamazaki, Y. Ishigami, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, and S. Tsuji, “25-Gb/s 100-m MMF transmission using a prototype 1.3-μm-range CMOS-based transceiver for optical interconnections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(6), 467–469 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yamatoya, T.

T. Saito, T. Yamatoya, Y. Morita, E. Ishimura, C. Watatani, T. Aoyagi, and T. Ishikawa, “Clear eye opening 1.3µm-25/43 Gbps EML with novel tensile-strained asymmetric QW absorption layer,” in Proc. of ECOC 2009, P.8.1.3 (2009).

Yamazaki, K.

Y. Lee, D. Kawamura, T. Takai, K. Kogo, K. Adachi, T. Sugawara, N. Chujo, Y. Matsuoka, S. Hamamura, K. Yamazaki, Y. Ishigami, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, and S. Tsuji, “25-Gb/s 100-m MMF transmission using a prototype 1.3-μm-range CMOS-based transceiver for optical interconnections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(6), 467–469 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yuki, F.

Y. Lee, D. Kawamura, T. Takai, K. Kogo, K. Adachi, T. Sugawara, N. Chujo, Y. Matsuoka, S. Hamamura, K. Yamazaki, Y. Ishigami, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, and S. Tsuji, “25-Gb/s 100-m MMF transmission using a prototype 1.3-μm-range CMOS-based transceiver for optical interconnections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(6), 467–469 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Kanazawa, T. Fujisawa, A. Ohki, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “A compact EADFB laser array module for a future 100-Gb/s ethernet transceiver,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(5), 1191–1197 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

Y. Lee, D. Kawamura, T. Takai, K. Kogo, K. Adachi, T. Sugawara, N. Chujo, Y. Matsuoka, S. Hamamura, K. Yamazaki, Y. Ishigami, T. Takemoto, F. Yuki, H. Yamashita, and S. Tsuji, “25-Gb/s 100-m MMF transmission using a prototype 1.3-μm-range CMOS-based transceiver for optical interconnections,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(6), 467–469 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Takahashi, T. Shimamura, T. Sugiyama, M. Kubota, and K. Nakamura, “High-power 25-Gb/s electroabsorption modulator integrated with a laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(10), 633–635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

S. Makino, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, H. Hayashi, T. Shiota, S. Tanaka, M. Aoki, N. Sasada, and K. Naoe, “High-speed EA-DFB laser for 40-G and 100-Gbps,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E92-C(7), 937–941 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IET Electron. Lett. (1)

T. Fujisawa, M. Arai, N. Fujiwara, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, K. Tsuzuki, Y. Akage, R. Iga, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “25 Gbit/s 1.3 μm InGaAlAs-based electroabsorption modulator integrated with DFB laser for metro-area (40 km) 100 Gbit/s ethernet system,” IET Electron. Lett. 45(17), 900–902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Other (5)

H. Oomori, H. Ooe, M. Seki, Y. Fujimura, K. Matsumoto, and Y. Murakami, “An extremely compact electro-absorption modulator integrated DFB laser module for 100gbps ethernet over 75km SMF reach,” in Proc. of ECOC 2008, P.2.0.7 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Saito, T. Yamatoya, Y. Morita, E. Ishimura, C. Watatani, T. Aoyagi, and T. Ishikawa, “Clear eye opening 1.3µm-25/43 Gbps EML with novel tensile-strained asymmetric QW absorption layer,” in Proc. of ECOC 2009, P.8.1.3 (2009).

N. Chujo, T. Kawamata, K. Ohhata, and T. Ohno, “A 25Gb/s laser diode driver with mutually coupled peaking inductors for optical interconnects,” in Proc. of CICC 2010, 1–4 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Doerr, L. Zhang, P. J. Winzer, and A. H. Gnauck, “28-Gbaud InP square or hexagonal 16-QAM modulator,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC 2011, OMU2 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Kazmierski, D. Carrara, K. Ławniczuk, G. Aubin, J.-G. Provost, and R. Guillamet, “12.5GB operation of a novel monolithic 1.55μm BPSK source based on prefixed optical phase switching,” in Proc. of OFC/NFOEC 2013, OW4J.8 (2013).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic waveguide structure of an EA-MZ. “K” represents a power-coupling coefficient of the couplers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Vector diagram of beams in an EA-MZ.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Attenuation factor (α), phase-change (ϕEAM), and required power-coupling coefficient (K) for design of an EA-MZ.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Photograph of a fabricated EA-MZ.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Static extinction characteristics of fabricated EA-MZs and conventional EAMs with electrode lengths of (a) 150 μm and (b) 50 μm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Static extinction characteristics of fabricated EA-MZs and conventional EAMs for input lightwavelengths of (a) 1295 nm, (b) 1305 nm, and (c) 1310 nm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Dynamic extinction characteristics at 25.8-Gbit/s modulation. (a) Eye diagrams (b) DERs as a function of driving voltage.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

T A 1B2 = | α(V) sin( θ 1 )cos( θ 2 ) e j ϕ EAM (V) +cos( θ 1 )sin( θ 2 ) e j ϕ ph | 2
T A 1B2 = sin 2 ( θ 1 + θ 2 ).
T A 1B2 = | α(V) K e j ϕ EAM (V) +( 1K ) e j ϕ ph | 2
α(V) K 2 = ( 1K ) 2 and | ϕ EAM (V) ϕ ph |=π.

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