Abstract

Mode division multiplexed optical transmission enabled by all-fiber mode multiplexer is investigated. The proposed all-fiber mode multiplexer is composed of consecutive mode selective couplers. It multiplexes or demultiplexes LP01, LP11, LP21, and LP02 modes simultaneously. We demonstrate successful transmission of three spatial modes with 120 Gb/s PDM-QPSK signals over 15 km of four mode fiber by using 6x6 MIMO digital signal processing.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  15. N. Riesen and J. D. Love, “Weakly-guiding mode-selective fiber couplers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(7), 941–945 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  16. K. J. Park, K. Y. Song, Y. K. Kim, and B. Y. Kim, “All-Fiber Mode Division Multiplexer optimized for C-band,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC)2014, M3K.2 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  17. J. D. Love and N. Riesen, “Mode-selective couplers for few-mode optical fiber networks,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 3990–3992 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

A. Li, J. Ye, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “Fabrication of a low-loss fused fiber spatial-mode coupler for few-mode transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(20), 1985–1988 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (7)

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and R.-J. Essiambre, “Spot-based mode couplers for mode-multiplexed transmission in few-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1973–1976 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, and R. Lingle., “Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6x6 MIMO processing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 521–531 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Salsi, C. Koebele, D. Sperti, P. Tran, H. Mardoyan, P. Brindel, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Asruc, L. Provost, and G. Charlet, “Mode-division multiplexing of 2x100Gb/s channels using an LCOS-based spatial modulator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(4), 618–623 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. E. Nelson, G. Zhang, M. Birk, C. Skolnick, R. Isaac, Y. Pan, C. Rasmussen, G. Pendock, and B. Mikkelsen, “A robust real-time 100G transceiver with soft-decision forward error correction,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(11), B131–B141 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. S. Chung, S. H. Chang, J. Lee, and K. Kim, “Transmission performance comparison of direct detection based 100-Gb/s modulation formats for metro area optical networks,” ETRI J. 34(6), 800–806 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Riesen and J. D. Love, “Weakly-guiding mode-selective fiber couplers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(7), 941–945 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. D. Love and N. Riesen, “Mode-selective couplers for few-mode optical fiber networks,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 3990–3992 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

2010 (1)

2002 (1)

K. Y. Song, I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, “High performance fused-type mode-selective coupler using elliptical core two-mode fiber at 1550nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(4), 501–503 (2002).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

Abe, J.

Al Amin, A.

Bigo, S.

Bigot-Asruc, M.

Birk, M.

Bolle, C.

Bolle, C. A.

Boutin, A.

Brindel, P.

Burrows, E. C.

Chang, S. H.

H. S. Chung, S. H. Chang, J. Lee, and K. Kim, “Transmission performance comparison of direct detection based 100-Gb/s modulation formats for metro area optical networks,” ETRI J. 34(6), 800–806 (2012).
[Crossref]

Charlet, G.

Chen, S.

Chen, X.

A. Li, J. Ye, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “Fabrication of a low-loss fused fiber spatial-mode coupler for few-mode transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(20), 1985–1988 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Al Amin, A. Li, S. Chen, X. Chen, G. Gao, and W. Shieh, “Dual-LP11 mode 4×4 MIMO-OFDM transmission over a two-mode fiber,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16672–16679 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chung, H. S.

H. S. Chung, S. H. Chang, J. Lee, and K. Kim, “Transmission performance comparison of direct detection based 100-Gb/s modulation formats for metro area optical networks,” ETRI J. 34(6), 800–806 (2012).
[Crossref]

Esmaeelpour, M.

Essiambre, R.

Essiambre, R. J.

Essiambre, R.-J.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and R.-J. Essiambre, “Spot-based mode couplers for mode-multiplexed transmission in few-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1973–1976 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fontaine, N. K.

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and R.-J. Essiambre, “Spot-based mode couplers for mode-multiplexed transmission in few-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1973–1976 (2012).
[Crossref]

Foschini, G. J.

Fukuchi, K.

Fukumitsu, K.

Gao, G.

Gnauck, A. H.

Goebel, B.

Hanzawa, N.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, and M. Koshiba, “Demonstration of mode-division multiplexing transmission over 10 km two-mode fiber with mode coupler,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC)2011, OWA4 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hirano, S.

Hwang, I. K.

K. Y. Song, I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, “High performance fused-type mode-selective coupler using elliptical core two-mode fiber at 1550nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(4), 501–503 (2002).
[Crossref]

Isaac, R.

Kim, B. Y.

K. Y. Song, I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, “High performance fused-type mode-selective coupler using elliptical core two-mode fiber at 1550nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(4), 501–503 (2002).
[Crossref]

W. V. Sorin, B. Y. Kim, and H. J. Shaw, “Highly selective evanescent modal filter for two-mode optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 11(9), 581–583 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Park, K. Y. Song, Y. K. Kim, and B. Y. Kim, “All-Fiber Mode Division Multiplexer optimized for C-band,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC)2014, M3K.2 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, K.

H. S. Chung, S. H. Chang, J. Lee, and K. Kim, “Transmission performance comparison of direct detection based 100-Gb/s modulation formats for metro area optical networks,” ETRI J. 34(6), 800–806 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y. K.

K. J. Park, K. Y. Song, Y. K. Kim, and B. Y. Kim, “All-Fiber Mode Division Multiplexer optimized for C-band,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC)2014, M3K.2 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kisaka, Y.

Koebele, C.

Komaki, K.

Koshiba, M.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, and M. Koshiba, “Demonstration of mode-division multiplexing transmission over 10 km two-mode fiber with mode coupler,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC)2011, OWA4 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kramer, G.

Kubo, K.

Lee, J.

H. S. Chung, S. H. Chang, J. Lee, and K. Kim, “Transmission performance comparison of direct detection based 100-Gb/s modulation formats for metro area optical networks,” ETRI J. 34(6), 800–806 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, A.

A. Li, J. Ye, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “Fabrication of a low-loss fused fiber spatial-mode coupler for few-mode transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(20), 1985–1988 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Al Amin, A. Li, S. Chen, X. Chen, G. Gao, and W. Shieh, “Dual-LP11 mode 4×4 MIMO-OFDM transmission over a two-mode fiber,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16672–16679 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lingle, R.

Love, J. D.

J. D. Love and N. Riesen, “Mode-selective couplers for few-mode optical fiber networks,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 3990–3992 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Riesen and J. D. Love, “Weakly-guiding mode-selective fiber couplers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(7), 941–945 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mardoyan, H.

Matsui, J.

Matsui, T.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, and M. Koshiba, “Demonstration of mode-division multiplexing transmission over 10 km two-mode fiber with mode coupler,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC)2011, OWA4 (2011).
[Crossref]

Matsuoka, S.

McCurdy, A.

McCurdy, A. H.

Mikkelsen, B.

Miyamoto, Y.

Miyata, Y.

Mizuochi, T.

Mumtaz, S.

Murata, K.

Nakagawa, T.

Nakamura, Y.

Nakashima, H.

Nelson, L. E.

Nishimoto, H.

Noguchi, H.

Onaka, H.

Onohara, K.

Pan, Y.

Park, K. J.

K. J. Park, K. Y. Song, Y. K. Kim, and B. Y. Kim, “All-Fiber Mode Division Multiplexer optimized for C-band,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC)2014, M3K.2 (2014).
[Crossref]

Peckham, D. W.

Pendock, G.

Provost, L.

Randel, S.

Rasmussen, C.

Riesen, N.

J. D. Love and N. Riesen, “Mode-selective couplers for few-mode optical fiber networks,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 3990–3992 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Riesen and J. D. Love, “Weakly-guiding mode-selective fiber couplers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(7), 941–945 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ryf, R.

Saitoh, K.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, and M. Koshiba, “Demonstration of mode-division multiplexing transmission over 10 km two-mode fiber with mode coupler,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC)2011, OWA4 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sakamoto, T.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, and M. Koshiba, “Demonstration of mode-division multiplexing transmission over 10 km two-mode fiber with mode coupler,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC)2011, OWA4 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sakamoto, Y.

Sakano, T.

Salsi, M.

Shaw, H. J.

Shibayama, A.

Shieh, W.

A. Li, J. Ye, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “Fabrication of a low-loss fused fiber spatial-mode coupler for few-mode transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(20), 1985–1988 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Al Amin, A. Li, S. Chen, X. Chen, G. Gao, and W. Shieh, “Dual-LP11 mode 4×4 MIMO-OFDM transmission over a two-mode fiber,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16672–16679 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sierra, A.

Sillard, P.

Skolnick, C.

Song, K. Y.

K. Y. Song, I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, “High performance fused-type mode-selective coupler using elliptical core two-mode fiber at 1550nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(4), 501–503 (2002).
[Crossref]

K. J. Park, K. Y. Song, Y. K. Kim, and B. Y. Kim, “All-Fiber Mode Division Multiplexer optimized for C-band,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC)2014, M3K.2 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sorin, W. V.

Sperti, D.

Takeuchi, O.

Tomita, S.

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, and M. Koshiba, “Demonstration of mode-division multiplexing transmission over 10 km two-mode fiber with mode coupler,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC)2011, OWA4 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tomizawa, M.

Tran, P.

Verluise, F.

Winzer, P. J.

Yamanaka, S.

Yamazaki, E.

Ye, J.

A. Li, J. Ye, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “Fabrication of a low-loss fused fiber spatial-mode coupler for few-mode transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(20), 1985–1988 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, E.

Yun, S. H.

K. Y. Song, I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, “High performance fused-type mode-selective coupler using elliptical core two-mode fiber at 1550nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(4), 501–503 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhang, G.

ETRI J. (1)

H. S. Chung, S. H. Chang, J. Lee, and K. Kim, “Transmission performance comparison of direct detection based 100-Gb/s modulation formats for metro area optical networks,” ETRI J. 34(6), 800–806 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

N. Riesen and J. D. Love, “Weakly-guiding mode-selective fiber couplers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(7), 941–945 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

K. Y. Song, I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, “High performance fused-type mode-selective coupler using elliptical core two-mode fiber at 1550nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(4), 501–503 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Li, J. Ye, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “Fabrication of a low-loss fused fiber spatial-mode coupler for few-mode transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(20), 1985–1988 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, and R.-J. Essiambre, “Spot-based mode couplers for mode-multiplexed transmission in few-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(21), 1973–1976 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (3)

K. J. Park, K. Y. Song, Y. K. Kim, and B. Y. Kim, “All-Fiber Mode Division Multiplexer optimized for C-band,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC)2014, M3K.2 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. G. Leon-Saval, J. Blandhawthorn, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Niewsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingel, Jr., “12 x 12 MIMO transmission over 130-km few-mode fiber,” Frontiers in Optics (2012).

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, and M. Koshiba, “Demonstration of mode-division multiplexing transmission over 10 km two-mode fiber with mode coupler,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC)2011, OWA4 (2011).
[Crossref]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) All-fiber mode multiplexer (b) all-fiber mode demultiplexer, SMF: single-mode fiber, FMF: few mode fiber, LOC: lobe orientation controller.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Output mode intensity profiles of the mode multiplexer when signal power was launched to each input port of (a) LP01 mode (b) LP11 mode (c) LP21 mode (d) LP02 mode.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimental setup. ECL: external cavity laser, IQ Mod.: IQ modulator, DAC: digital to analog converter, PBC: polarization beam combiner, OBF: optical bandpass filter, EDFA: Erbium doped fiber amplifier, ASE: amplified spontaneous emission, Atten.: optical attenuator, OSA: optical spectrum analyzer, PD-CRX: polarization diversity-coherent receiver.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 BER curves for the back-to-back configuration. (a) LP01, LP11, LP21 modes are transmitted. (b) LP01, LP21, LP02 modes are transmitted. x and y are denoted for each polarization. BER: bit error rate, OSNRpol: optical signal-to-noise ratio per polarization.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Squared magnitude of the tap coefficients of 6x6 MIMO equalizers for 3km of four mode fiber.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 BER curves after transmission over 3 km of four mode fiber. Three modes of LP01, LP21, and LP02 are transmitted. x and y are denoted for each polarization. BER: bit error rate, OSNRpol: optical signal-to-noise ratio per polarization.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Squared magnitude of the tap coefficients of 6x6 MIMO equalizers for 15 km of four mode fiber.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 BER curves after transmission over 15 km of four mode fiber. Three modes of LP01, LP21, and LP02 were transmitted. x and y are denoted for each polarization. BER: bit error rate, OSNRpol: optical signal-to-noise ratio per polarization.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Measured Output Power with Back-to-back Configuration when the Output Port of the Mode Multiplexer is Directly Connected to the Input Port of the Mode demultiplexera

Metrics