Abstract

Nonlinear optical characterizations were performed on monodispersed silver (Ag) nanoparticles (NPs) of various sizes using a picosecond Z-scan technique with excitation wavelengths of 532 nm and 1064 nm. The Ag NPs were fabricated using a heterogeneous condensation technique in a gas medium. The nonlinear refraction values were higher for the monodispersed Ag NPs whose surface plasmon resonance (SPR) peak is closer to the excitation wavelength. The higher nonlinear optical response is explained in terms of an electric field enhancement near the SPR. Moreover, the fabrication method allows the tailoring of the nonlinear refraction index of the Ag NPs by tuning the SPR peak of the sample. A comparison of the nonlinear refraction index of the monodispersed and polydispersed Ag NPs showed that the nonlinear refractive index of the monodispersed Ag NPs is higher.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. D. Evanoff, G. Chumanov, “Synthesis and optical properties of silver nanoparticles and arrays,” ChemPhysChem 6(7), 1221–1231 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. P. K. Jain, X. Huang, I. H. El-Sayed, M. A. El-Sayed, “Review of some interesting surface plasmon resonance-enhanced properties of noble metal nanoparticles and their applications to biosystems,” Plasmonics 2(3), 107–118 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. H. G. Miranda, E. L. Falcao-Filho, J. J. Rodrigues, C. B. de Araujo, L. H. Acioli, “Ultrafast light-induced dichroism in silver nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 70(16), 161401 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Chiu, U. Rambabu, M. H. Hsu, H. P. D. Shieh, C. Y. Chen, H. H. Lin, “Fabrication and nonlinear optical properties of nanoparticle silver oxide films,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(3), 1996–2001 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. Genevet, J. P. Tetienne, E. Gatzogiannis, R. Blanchard, M. A. Kats, M. O. Scully, F. Capasso, “Large enhancement of nonlinear optical phenomena by plasmonic nanocavity gratings,” Nano Lett. 10(12), 4880–4883 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  13. F. Hache, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, U. Kreibig, “The optical Kerr effect in small metal particles and metal colloide: the case of gold,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 47, 347–357 (1988).
  14. U. Gurudas, E. Brooks, D. M. Bubb, S. Heiroth, T. Lippert, A. Wokaun, “Saturable and reverse saturable absorption in silver nanodots at 532 nm using picosecond laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(7), 073107 (2008).
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    [CrossRef]
  17. X. Z. Lin, X. Teng, H. Yang, “Direct synthesis of narrowly dispersed silver nanoparticles using a single-source precursor,” Langmuir 19(24), 10081–10085 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  18. S. Link, M. A. El-Sayed, “Shape and size dependence of radiative, non-radiative and photothermal properties of gold nanocrystals,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 19(3), 409–453 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  19. C. Noguez, “Surface plasmons on metal nanoparticles: The influence of shape and physical environment,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111(10), 3806–3819 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  20. R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, “Saturated absorption and nonlinear refraction of silicate glasses doped with silver nanoparticles at 532 nm,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 36(10), 949–960 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  21. S. L. Guo, J. Yan, L. Xu, B. Gu, X. Z. Fan, H. T. Wang, N. B. Ming, “Second Z-scan in materials with nonlinear refraction and nonlinear absorption,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 4(5), 504–508 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2014

I. D. Leon, J. E. Sipe, R. W. Boyd, “Self-phase-modulation of surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 013855 (2014).

2013

A. Suslov, P. Lama, R. Dorsinville, “Fabrication of monodispersed silver nanoparticles and their collective sharp plasmonic response,” Plasmonics 8, 1–5 (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

2012

2010

P. Genevet, J. P. Tetienne, E. Gatzogiannis, R. Blanchard, M. A. Kats, M. O. Scully, F. Capasso, “Large enhancement of nonlinear optical phenomena by plasmonic nanocavity gratings,” Nano Lett. 10(12), 4880–4883 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

U. Gurudas, E. Brooks, D. M. Bubb, S. Heiroth, T. Lippert, A. Wokaun, “Saturable and reverse saturable absorption in silver nanodots at 532 nm using picosecond laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(7), 073107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Kohlgraf-Owens, P. G. Kik, “Numerical study of surface plasmon enhanced nonlinear absorption and refraction,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10823–10834 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

C. Noguez, “Surface plasmons on metal nanoparticles: The influence of shape and physical environment,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111(10), 3806–3819 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. K. Jain, X. Huang, I. H. El-Sayed, M. A. El-Sayed, “Review of some interesting surface plasmon resonance-enhanced properties of noble metal nanoparticles and their applications to biosystems,” Plasmonics 2(3), 107–118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

D. D. Evanoff, G. Chumanov, “Synthesis and optical properties of silver nanoparticles and arrays,” ChemPhysChem 6(7), 1221–1231 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

M. H. G. Miranda, E. L. Falcao-Filho, J. J. Rodrigues, C. B. de Araujo, L. H. Acioli, “Ultrafast light-induced dichroism in silver nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 70(16), 161401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, “Saturated absorption and nonlinear refraction of silicate glasses doped with silver nanoparticles at 532 nm,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 36(10), 949–960 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

Y. Hamanaka, A. Nakamura, N. Hayashi, S. Omi, “Dispersion curves of complex third-order optical susceptibilities around the surface plasmon resonance in Ag nanocrystal-glass composites,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20(6), 1227–1232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. Z. Lin, X. Teng, H. Yang, “Direct synthesis of narrowly dispersed silver nanoparticles using a single-source precursor,” Langmuir 19(24), 10081–10085 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chiu, U. Rambabu, M. H. Hsu, H. P. D. Shieh, C. Y. Chen, H. H. Lin, “Fabrication and nonlinear optical properties of nanoparticle silver oxide films,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(3), 1996–2001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

S. L. Guo, J. Yan, L. Xu, B. Gu, X. Z. Fan, H. T. Wang, N. B. Ming, “Second Z-scan in materials with nonlinear refraction and nonlinear absorption,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 4(5), 504–508 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

S. Link, M. A. El-Sayed, “Shape and size dependence of radiative, non-radiative and photothermal properties of gold nanocrystals,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 19(3), 409–453 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1990

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988

F. Hache, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, U. Kreibig, “The optical Kerr effect in small metal particles and metal colloide: the case of gold,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 47, 347–357 (1988).

Acioli, L. H.

M. H. G. Miranda, E. L. Falcao-Filho, J. J. Rodrigues, C. B. de Araujo, L. H. Acioli, “Ultrafast light-induced dichroism in silver nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 70(16), 161401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Battaglin, G.

Blanchard, R.

P. Genevet, J. P. Tetienne, E. Gatzogiannis, R. Blanchard, M. A. Kats, M. O. Scully, F. Capasso, “Large enhancement of nonlinear optical phenomena by plasmonic nanocavity gratings,” Nano Lett. 10(12), 4880–4883 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boyd, R. W.

I. D. Leon, J. E. Sipe, R. W. Boyd, “Self-phase-modulation of surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 013855 (2014).

Brooks, E.

U. Gurudas, E. Brooks, D. M. Bubb, S. Heiroth, T. Lippert, A. Wokaun, “Saturable and reverse saturable absorption in silver nanodots at 532 nm using picosecond laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(7), 073107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bubb, D. M.

U. Gurudas, E. Brooks, D. M. Bubb, S. Heiroth, T. Lippert, A. Wokaun, “Saturable and reverse saturable absorption in silver nanodots at 532 nm using picosecond laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(7), 073107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Calvelli, P.

Capasso, F.

P. Genevet, J. P. Tetienne, E. Gatzogiannis, R. Blanchard, M. A. Kats, M. O. Scully, F. Capasso, “Large enhancement of nonlinear optical phenomena by plasmonic nanocavity gratings,” Nano Lett. 10(12), 4880–4883 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cesca, T.

Chen, C. Y.

Y. Chiu, U. Rambabu, M. H. Hsu, H. P. D. Shieh, C. Y. Chen, H. H. Lin, “Fabrication and nonlinear optical properties of nanoparticle silver oxide films,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(3), 1996–2001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chiu, Y.

Y. Chiu, U. Rambabu, M. H. Hsu, H. P. D. Shieh, C. Y. Chen, H. H. Lin, “Fabrication and nonlinear optical properties of nanoparticle silver oxide films,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(3), 1996–2001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chumanov, G.

D. D. Evanoff, G. Chumanov, “Synthesis and optical properties of silver nanoparticles and arrays,” ChemPhysChem 6(7), 1221–1231 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Coronado, E.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

de Araujo, C. B.

M. H. G. Miranda, E. L. Falcao-Filho, J. J. Rodrigues, C. B. de Araujo, L. H. Acioli, “Ultrafast light-induced dichroism in silver nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 70(16), 161401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dorsinville, R.

A. Suslov, P. Lama, R. Dorsinville, “Fabrication of monodispersed silver nanoparticles and their collective sharp plasmonic response,” Plasmonics 8, 1–5 (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

El-Sayed, I. H.

P. K. Jain, X. Huang, I. H. El-Sayed, M. A. El-Sayed, “Review of some interesting surface plasmon resonance-enhanced properties of noble metal nanoparticles and their applications to biosystems,” Plasmonics 2(3), 107–118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

El-Sayed, M. A.

P. K. Jain, X. Huang, I. H. El-Sayed, M. A. El-Sayed, “Review of some interesting surface plasmon resonance-enhanced properties of noble metal nanoparticles and their applications to biosystems,” Plasmonics 2(3), 107–118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Link, M. A. El-Sayed, “Shape and size dependence of radiative, non-radiative and photothermal properties of gold nanocrystals,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 19(3), 409–453 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Evanoff, D. D.

D. D. Evanoff, G. Chumanov, “Synthesis and optical properties of silver nanoparticles and arrays,” ChemPhysChem 6(7), 1221–1231 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Falcao-Filho, E. L.

M. H. G. Miranda, E. L. Falcao-Filho, J. J. Rodrigues, C. B. de Araujo, L. H. Acioli, “Ultrafast light-induced dichroism in silver nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 70(16), 161401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fan, X. Z.

S. L. Guo, J. Yan, L. Xu, B. Gu, X. Z. Fan, H. T. Wang, N. B. Ming, “Second Z-scan in materials with nonlinear refraction and nonlinear absorption,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 4(5), 504–508 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Flytzanis, C.

F. Hache, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, U. Kreibig, “The optical Kerr effect in small metal particles and metal colloide: the case of gold,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 47, 347–357 (1988).

Ganeev, R. A.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, “Saturated absorption and nonlinear refraction of silicate glasses doped with silver nanoparticles at 532 nm,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 36(10), 949–960 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gatzogiannis, E.

P. Genevet, J. P. Tetienne, E. Gatzogiannis, R. Blanchard, M. A. Kats, M. O. Scully, F. Capasso, “Large enhancement of nonlinear optical phenomena by plasmonic nanocavity gratings,” Nano Lett. 10(12), 4880–4883 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Genevet, P.

P. Genevet, J. P. Tetienne, E. Gatzogiannis, R. Blanchard, M. A. Kats, M. O. Scully, F. Capasso, “Large enhancement of nonlinear optical phenomena by plasmonic nanocavity gratings,” Nano Lett. 10(12), 4880–4883 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Graener, H.

Gu, B.

S. L. Guo, J. Yan, L. Xu, B. Gu, X. Z. Fan, H. T. Wang, N. B. Ming, “Second Z-scan in materials with nonlinear refraction and nonlinear absorption,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 4(5), 504–508 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Guo, S. L.

S. L. Guo, J. Yan, L. Xu, B. Gu, X. Z. Fan, H. T. Wang, N. B. Ming, “Second Z-scan in materials with nonlinear refraction and nonlinear absorption,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 4(5), 504–508 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gurudas, U.

U. Gurudas, E. Brooks, D. M. Bubb, S. Heiroth, T. Lippert, A. Wokaun, “Saturable and reverse saturable absorption in silver nanodots at 532 nm using picosecond laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(7), 073107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hache, F.

F. Hache, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, U. Kreibig, “The optical Kerr effect in small metal particles and metal colloide: the case of gold,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 47, 347–357 (1988).

Hagan, D. J.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hamanaka, Y.

Hayashi, N.

Heiroth, S.

U. Gurudas, E. Brooks, D. M. Bubb, S. Heiroth, T. Lippert, A. Wokaun, “Saturable and reverse saturable absorption in silver nanodots at 532 nm using picosecond laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(7), 073107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, M. H.

Y. Chiu, U. Rambabu, M. H. Hsu, H. P. D. Shieh, C. Y. Chen, H. H. Lin, “Fabrication and nonlinear optical properties of nanoparticle silver oxide films,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(3), 1996–2001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Huang, X.

P. K. Jain, X. Huang, I. H. El-Sayed, M. A. El-Sayed, “Review of some interesting surface plasmon resonance-enhanced properties of noble metal nanoparticles and their applications to biosystems,” Plasmonics 2(3), 107–118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jain, P. K.

P. K. Jain, X. Huang, I. H. El-Sayed, M. A. El-Sayed, “Review of some interesting surface plasmon resonance-enhanced properties of noble metal nanoparticles and their applications to biosystems,” Plasmonics 2(3), 107–118 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kats, M. A.

P. Genevet, J. P. Tetienne, E. Gatzogiannis, R. Blanchard, M. A. Kats, M. O. Scully, F. Capasso, “Large enhancement of nonlinear optical phenomena by plasmonic nanocavity gratings,” Nano Lett. 10(12), 4880–4883 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kelly, K. L.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kik, P. G.

Kohlgraf-Owens, D. C.

Kreibig, U.

F. Hache, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, U. Kreibig, “The optical Kerr effect in small metal particles and metal colloide: the case of gold,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 47, 347–357 (1988).

Lama, P.

A. Suslov, P. Lama, R. Dorsinville, “Fabrication of monodispersed silver nanoparticles and their collective sharp plasmonic response,” Plasmonics 8, 1–5 (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Lange, J.

Leon, I. D.

I. D. Leon, J. E. Sipe, R. W. Boyd, “Self-phase-modulation of surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 013855 (2014).

Lin, H. H.

Y. Chiu, U. Rambabu, M. H. Hsu, H. P. D. Shieh, C. Y. Chen, H. H. Lin, “Fabrication and nonlinear optical properties of nanoparticle silver oxide films,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(3), 1996–2001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lin, X. Z.

X. Z. Lin, X. Teng, H. Yang, “Direct synthesis of narrowly dispersed silver nanoparticles using a single-source precursor,” Langmuir 19(24), 10081–10085 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Link, S.

S. Link, M. A. El-Sayed, “Shape and size dependence of radiative, non-radiative and photothermal properties of gold nanocrystals,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 19(3), 409–453 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lippert, T.

U. Gurudas, E. Brooks, D. M. Bubb, S. Heiroth, T. Lippert, A. Wokaun, “Saturable and reverse saturable absorption in silver nanodots at 532 nm using picosecond laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(7), 073107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mattei, G.

Mazzoldi, P.

Ming, N. B.

S. L. Guo, J. Yan, L. Xu, B. Gu, X. Z. Fan, H. T. Wang, N. B. Ming, “Second Z-scan in materials with nonlinear refraction and nonlinear absorption,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 4(5), 504–508 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Miranda, M. H. G.

M. H. G. Miranda, E. L. Falcao-Filho, J. J. Rodrigues, C. B. de Araujo, L. H. Acioli, “Ultrafast light-induced dichroism in silver nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 70(16), 161401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mohan, S.

Nakamura, A.

Noguez, C.

C. Noguez, “Surface plasmons on metal nanoparticles: The influence of shape and physical environment,” J. Phys. Chem. C 111(10), 3806–3819 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Omi, S.

Rambabu, U.

Y. Chiu, U. Rambabu, M. H. Hsu, H. P. D. Shieh, C. Y. Chen, H. H. Lin, “Fabrication and nonlinear optical properties of nanoparticle silver oxide films,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(3), 1996–2001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ricard, D.

F. Hache, D. Ricard, C. Flytzanis, U. Kreibig, “The optical Kerr effect in small metal particles and metal colloide: the case of gold,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 47, 347–357 (1988).

Rodrigues, J. J.

M. H. G. Miranda, E. L. Falcao-Filho, J. J. Rodrigues, C. B. de Araujo, L. H. Acioli, “Ultrafast light-induced dichroism in silver nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 70(16), 161401 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ryasnyansky, A. I.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, “Saturated absorption and nonlinear refraction of silicate glasses doped with silver nanoparticles at 532 nm,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 36(10), 949–960 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Said, A. A.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Schatz, G. C.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Scully, M. O.

P. Genevet, J. P. Tetienne, E. Gatzogiannis, R. Blanchard, M. A. Kats, M. O. Scully, F. Capasso, “Large enhancement of nonlinear optical phenomena by plasmonic nanocavity gratings,” Nano Lett. 10(12), 4880–4883 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seifert, G.

Sheik-Bahae, M.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shieh, H. P. D.

Y. Chiu, U. Rambabu, M. H. Hsu, H. P. D. Shieh, C. Y. Chen, H. H. Lin, “Fabrication and nonlinear optical properties of nanoparticle silver oxide films,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(3), 1996–2001 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

I. D. Leon, J. E. Sipe, R. W. Boyd, “Self-phase-modulation of surface plasmon polaritons,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 013855 (2014).

Stepanov, A. L.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, “Saturated absorption and nonlinear refraction of silicate glasses doped with silver nanoparticles at 532 nm,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 36(10), 949–960 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stryland, E. W.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Suslov, A.

A. Suslov, P. Lama, R. Dorsinville, “Fabrication of monodispersed silver nanoparticles and their collective sharp plasmonic response,” Plasmonics 8, 1–5 (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Teng, X.

X. Z. Lin, X. Teng, H. Yang, “Direct synthesis of narrowly dispersed silver nanoparticles using a single-source precursor,” Langmuir 19(24), 10081–10085 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tetienne, J. P.

P. Genevet, J. P. Tetienne, E. Gatzogiannis, R. Blanchard, M. A. Kats, M. O. Scully, F. Capasso, “Large enhancement of nonlinear optical phenomena by plasmonic nanocavity gratings,” Nano Lett. 10(12), 4880–4883 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Usmanov, T.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, “Saturated absorption and nonlinear refraction of silicate glasses doped with silver nanoparticles at 532 nm,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 36(10), 949–960 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H. T.

S. L. Guo, J. Yan, L. Xu, B. Gu, X. Z. Fan, H. T. Wang, N. B. Ming, “Second Z-scan in materials with nonlinear refraction and nonlinear absorption,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 4(5), 504–508 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wei, T. H.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wokaun, A.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SEM images of Ag NPs. (a-c) Monodispersed. (d) Polydispersed.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption spectra of Ag NPs: (a) Monodispersed Ag NPs (sample a, 40 nm; sample b, 80 nm; and sample c, 170 nm). (b) Polydispersed Ag NPs plotted with monodispersed Ag NPs (sample a).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Normalized transmittance obtained from the open aperture Z-scan at the excitation wavelength of 532 nm. (a) Monodispersed Ag NPs (samples a and b). (b) Polydispersed Ag NPs. The dotted lines are experimental data and the solid lines are theoretical fitting.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental curves derived from closed and open aperture measurement when excited at 532 nm. (a) Monodispersed Ag NPs (samples a, b and c). (b) Polydispersed Ag NPs. The dotted lines are experimental data and the solid lines are theoretical fitting.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Normalized transmittance obtained from (a) the open aperture Z-scan at the excitation wavelength of 1064 nm for the monodispersed Ag NPs (sample c) and (b) the closed aperture measurement obtained from monodispersed Ag NPs samples when excited at 1064 nm. The dotted lines are experimental data and the solid lines are theoretical fitting.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Nonlinear refraction, γ, for both 532 nm and 1064 nm plotted with respect to different sizes of monodispersed Ag NPs.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Nonlinear Refraction Values and Absorption Coefficients of Monodispersed and Polydispersed Ag NPs with Different SPR Peaks

Equations (2)

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T norm ( z )= m=0 ( β I 0 L eff / 1+ z 2 z 0 2 ) m ( 1+m ) 3 2
ΔΦ =kγ I 0 L eff

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