Abstract

In the present study, a novel packaged long-period fiber grating (PLPFG) strain sensor is first presented. The MEMS process was utilized to fabricate the packaged optical fiber strain sensor. The sensor structure consisted of etched optical fiber sandwiched between two layers of thick photoresist SU-8 3050 and then packaged with poly (dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) polymer material to construct the PLPFG strain sensor. The PDMS packaging material was used to prevent the glue effect, wherein glue flows into the LPFG structure and reduces coupling strength, in the surface bonding process. Because the fiber grating was packaged with PDMS material, it was effectively protected and made robust. The resonance attenuation dip of PLPFG grows when it is loading. This study explored the size effect of the grating period and fiber diameter of PLPFG via tensile testing. The experimental results found that the best strain sensitivity of the PLPFG strain sensor was −0.0342 dB/με, and that an R2 value of 0.963 was reached.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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2011 (1)

H. J. Kim, O. J. Kown, S. B. Lee, and Y. G. Han, “Measurement of temperature and refractive index based on surface long-period gratings deposited onto a D-shaped photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 102(1), 81–85 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

D. E. Ceballos-Herrera, I. Torres-Gomez, A. Martinez-Rios, L. Garcia, and J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, “Torsion Sensing Characteristics of Mechanically Induced Long-Period Holey Fiber Gratings,” IEEE Sens. J. 10(7), 1200–1205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (4)

R. I. Mata-Chávez, J. M. Estudillo-Ayala, R. Rojas-Laguna, E. Vargas-Rodriguez, I. Torres-Fomez, D. Monzon-Hernandez, M. Trejo-Duran, and J. R. Perez-Chimal, “Study of temperature sensing in a novel fattened electric arc induced LPFG,” Proc. SPIE 7430, 743014 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Zhu, Y. Song, Y. J. Rao, and Y. Zhu, “Highly Sensitive Optical Refractometer Based on Edge-Written Ultra-Long-Period Fiber Grating Formed by Periodic Grooves,” IEEE Sens. J. 9(6), 678–681 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Mizunami, Y. Sho, K. Yamamoto, and Y. Ishida, “Long-period fiber-gratings produced by exposure with a low-pressure mercury lamp and their sensing characteristics,” Opt. Commun. 282(24), 4699–4705 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Chiang, T. C. Cheng, H. J. Chang, and L. Tsai, “Sandwiched long-period fiber grating filter based on periodic SU8-thick photoresist technique,” Opt. Lett. 34(23), 3677–3679 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

T. Zhu, Y. J. Rao, J. L. Wang, and Y. Song, “A Highly Sensitive Fiber-Optic Refractive Index Sensor Based on an Edge-Written Long-Period Fiber Grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 1946–1948 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Bock, J. Chen, P. Mikulic, and T. Eftimov, “A Novel Fiber-Optic Tapered Long-Period Grating Sensor for Pressure Monitoring,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 56(4), 1176–1180 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

K. J. Han, Y. W. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Roh, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature incorporating a long-period fiber grating inscribed on a polarization-maintaining fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2114–2116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

1999 (2)

I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, “Long-period fiber gratings based on periodic microbends,” Opt. Lett. 24(18), 1263–1265 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Everall, J. A. R. Williams, and I. Bennion, “Design and realization of long-period grating devices in conventional and high birefringence fibers and their novel applications as fiber-optic load sensors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5(5), 1373–1378 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

T. Erdogan, “Fiber grating spectra,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(8), 1277–1294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

M. Vaziri and C. L. Chen, “Etched fibers as strain gauges,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10(6), 836–841 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

L. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Everall, J. A. R. Williams, and I. Bennion, “Design and realization of long-period grating devices in conventional and high birefringence fibers and their novel applications as fiber-optic load sensors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5(5), 1373–1378 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bock, W. J.

W. J. Bock, J. Chen, P. Mikulic, and T. Eftimov, “A Novel Fiber-Optic Tapered Long-Period Grating Sensor for Pressure Monitoring,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 56(4), 1176–1180 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Caldas, P.

P. Caldas, G. Rego, J. L. Santos, and O. V. Ivanov, “Characterization of response of a dual resonance of an arc-induced long-period grating to various physical parameters,” in IEEE Sensors Conference (2008), pp. 329–332.
[CrossRef]

Ceballos-Herrera, D. E.

D. E. Ceballos-Herrera, I. Torres-Gomez, A. Martinez-Rios, L. Garcia, and J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, “Torsion Sensing Characteristics of Mechanically Induced Long-Period Holey Fiber Gratings,” IEEE Sens. J. 10(7), 1200–1205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chang, H. J.

Chen, C. L.

M. Vaziri and C. L. Chen, “Etched fibers as strain gauges,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10(6), 836–841 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

W. J. Bock, J. Chen, P. Mikulic, and T. Eftimov, “A Novel Fiber-Optic Tapered Long-Period Grating Sensor for Pressure Monitoring,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 56(4), 1176–1180 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, T. C.

Chern, G. W.

Chiang, C. C.

Chu, J.

Z. Xin, C. Shen, J. Chu, and C. Zhong, “Long-Period Fiber Grating Based Cantilever Strain Sensor,” in Symposium on Photonics and Optoelectronics (SOPO) (2012), pp. 1–3.

Demokan, M. S.

Digonnet, M. J. F.

Eftimov, T.

W. J. Bock, J. Chen, P. Mikulic, and T. Eftimov, “A Novel Fiber-Optic Tapered Long-Period Grating Sensor for Pressure Monitoring,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 56(4), 1176–1180 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Erdogan, T.

T. Erdogan, “Fiber grating spectra,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(8), 1277–1294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Estudillo-Ayala, J. M.

R. I. Mata-Chávez, J. M. Estudillo-Ayala, R. Rojas-Laguna, E. Vargas-Rodriguez, I. Torres-Fomez, D. Monzon-Hernandez, M. Trejo-Duran, and J. R. Perez-Chimal, “Study of temperature sensing in a novel fattened electric arc induced LPFG,” Proc. SPIE 7430, 743014 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Everall, L.

L. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Everall, J. A. R. Williams, and I. Bennion, “Design and realization of long-period grating devices in conventional and high birefringence fibers and their novel applications as fiber-optic load sensors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5(5), 1373–1378 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Garcia, L.

D. E. Ceballos-Herrera, I. Torres-Gomez, A. Martinez-Rios, L. Garcia, and J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, “Torsion Sensing Characteristics of Mechanically Induced Long-Period Holey Fiber Gratings,” IEEE Sens. J. 10(7), 1200–1205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Han, K. J.

K. J. Han, Y. W. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Roh, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature incorporating a long-period fiber grating inscribed on a polarization-maintaining fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2114–2116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Han, Y. G.

H. J. Kim, O. J. Kown, S. B. Lee, and Y. G. Han, “Measurement of temperature and refractive index based on surface long-period gratings deposited onto a D-shaped photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 102(1), 81–85 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, I. K.

Ishida, Y.

T. Mizunami, Y. Sho, K. Yamamoto, and Y. Ishida, “Long-period fiber-gratings produced by exposure with a low-pressure mercury lamp and their sensing characteristics,” Opt. Commun. 282(24), 4699–4705 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, O. V.

P. Caldas, G. Rego, J. L. Santos, and O. V. Ivanov, “Characterization of response of a dual resonance of an arc-induced long-period grating to various physical parameters,” in IEEE Sensors Conference (2008), pp. 329–332.
[CrossRef]

Jin, W.

Ju, J.

Jung, J.

K. J. Han, Y. W. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Roh, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature incorporating a long-period fiber grating inscribed on a polarization-maintaining fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2114–2116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. Y.

Kim, H. J.

H. J. Kim, O. J. Kown, S. B. Lee, and Y. G. Han, “Measurement of temperature and refractive index based on surface long-period gratings deposited onto a D-shaped photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 102(1), 81–85 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kino, G. S.

Kown, O. J.

H. J. Kim, O. J. Kown, S. B. Lee, and Y. G. Han, “Measurement of temperature and refractive index based on surface long-period gratings deposited onto a D-shaped photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 102(1), 81–85 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, J.

K. J. Han, Y. W. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Roh, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature incorporating a long-period fiber grating inscribed on a polarization-maintaining fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2114–2116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B.

K. J. Han, Y. W. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Roh, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature incorporating a long-period fiber grating inscribed on a polarization-maintaining fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2114–2116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. B.

H. J. Kim, O. J. Kown, S. B. Lee, and Y. G. Han, “Measurement of temperature and refractive index based on surface long-period gratings deposited onto a D-shaped photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 102(1), 81–85 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. W.

K. J. Han, Y. W. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Roh, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature incorporating a long-period fiber grating inscribed on a polarization-maintaining fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2114–2116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. Y.

Liu, Y.

L. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Everall, J. A. R. Williams, and I. Bennion, “Design and realization of long-period grating devices in conventional and high birefringence fibers and their novel applications as fiber-optic load sensors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5(5), 1373–1378 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Martinez-Rios, A.

D. E. Ceballos-Herrera, I. Torres-Gomez, A. Martinez-Rios, L. Garcia, and J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, “Torsion Sensing Characteristics of Mechanically Induced Long-Period Holey Fiber Gratings,” IEEE Sens. J. 10(7), 1200–1205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mata-Chávez, R. I.

R. I. Mata-Chávez, J. M. Estudillo-Ayala, R. Rojas-Laguna, E. Vargas-Rodriguez, I. Torres-Fomez, D. Monzon-Hernandez, M. Trejo-Duran, and J. R. Perez-Chimal, “Study of temperature sensing in a novel fattened electric arc induced LPFG,” Proc. SPIE 7430, 743014 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mikulic, P.

W. J. Bock, J. Chen, P. Mikulic, and T. Eftimov, “A Novel Fiber-Optic Tapered Long-Period Grating Sensor for Pressure Monitoring,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 56(4), 1176–1180 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mizunami, T.

T. Mizunami, Y. Sho, K. Yamamoto, and Y. Ishida, “Long-period fiber-gratings produced by exposure with a low-pressure mercury lamp and their sensing characteristics,” Opt. Commun. 282(24), 4699–4705 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Monzon-Hernandez, D.

R. I. Mata-Chávez, J. M. Estudillo-Ayala, R. Rojas-Laguna, E. Vargas-Rodriguez, I. Torres-Fomez, D. Monzon-Hernandez, M. Trejo-Duran, and J. R. Perez-Chimal, “Study of temperature sensing in a novel fattened electric arc induced LPFG,” Proc. SPIE 7430, 743014 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Perez-Chimal, J. R.

R. I. Mata-Chávez, J. M. Estudillo-Ayala, R. Rojas-Laguna, E. Vargas-Rodriguez, I. Torres-Fomez, D. Monzon-Hernandez, M. Trejo-Duran, and J. R. Perez-Chimal, “Study of temperature sensing in a novel fattened electric arc induced LPFG,” Proc. SPIE 7430, 743014 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rao, Y. J.

T. Zhu, Y. Song, Y. J. Rao, and Y. Zhu, “Highly Sensitive Optical Refractometer Based on Edge-Written Ultra-Long-Period Fiber Grating Formed by Periodic Grooves,” IEEE Sens. J. 9(6), 678–681 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Zhu, Y. J. Rao, J. L. Wang, and Y. Song, “A Highly Sensitive Fiber-Optic Refractive Index Sensor Based on an Edge-Written Long-Period Fiber Grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 1946–1948 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rego, G.

P. Caldas, G. Rego, J. L. Santos, and O. V. Ivanov, “Characterization of response of a dual resonance of an arc-induced long-period grating to various physical parameters,” in IEEE Sensors Conference (2008), pp. 329–332.
[CrossRef]

Roh, S.

K. J. Han, Y. W. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Roh, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature incorporating a long-period fiber grating inscribed on a polarization-maintaining fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2114–2116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rojas-Laguna, R.

R. I. Mata-Chávez, J. M. Estudillo-Ayala, R. Rojas-Laguna, E. Vargas-Rodriguez, I. Torres-Fomez, D. Monzon-Hernandez, M. Trejo-Duran, and J. R. Perez-Chimal, “Study of temperature sensing in a novel fattened electric arc induced LPFG,” Proc. SPIE 7430, 743014 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez-Mondragon, J. J.

D. E. Ceballos-Herrera, I. Torres-Gomez, A. Martinez-Rios, L. Garcia, and J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, “Torsion Sensing Characteristics of Mechanically Induced Long-Period Holey Fiber Gratings,” IEEE Sens. J. 10(7), 1200–1205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Santos, J. L.

P. Caldas, G. Rego, J. L. Santos, and O. V. Ivanov, “Characterization of response of a dual resonance of an arc-induced long-period grating to various physical parameters,” in IEEE Sensors Conference (2008), pp. 329–332.
[CrossRef]

Savin, S.

Shaw, H. J.

Shen, C.

Z. Xin, C. Shen, J. Chu, and C. Zhong, “Long-Period Fiber Grating Based Cantilever Strain Sensor,” in Symposium on Photonics and Optoelectronics (SOPO) (2012), pp. 1–3.

Sho, Y.

T. Mizunami, Y. Sho, K. Yamamoto, and Y. Ishida, “Long-period fiber-gratings produced by exposure with a low-pressure mercury lamp and their sensing characteristics,” Opt. Commun. 282(24), 4699–4705 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y.

T. Zhu, Y. Song, Y. J. Rao, and Y. Zhu, “Highly Sensitive Optical Refractometer Based on Edge-Written Ultra-Long-Period Fiber Grating Formed by Periodic Grooves,” IEEE Sens. J. 9(6), 678–681 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Zhu, Y. J. Rao, J. L. Wang, and Y. Song, “A Highly Sensitive Fiber-Optic Refractive Index Sensor Based on an Edge-Written Long-Period Fiber Grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 1946–1948 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Torres-Fomez, I.

R. I. Mata-Chávez, J. M. Estudillo-Ayala, R. Rojas-Laguna, E. Vargas-Rodriguez, I. Torres-Fomez, D. Monzon-Hernandez, M. Trejo-Duran, and J. R. Perez-Chimal, “Study of temperature sensing in a novel fattened electric arc induced LPFG,” Proc. SPIE 7430, 743014 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Torres-Gomez, I.

D. E. Ceballos-Herrera, I. Torres-Gomez, A. Martinez-Rios, L. Garcia, and J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, “Torsion Sensing Characteristics of Mechanically Induced Long-Period Holey Fiber Gratings,” IEEE Sens. J. 10(7), 1200–1205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Trejo-Duran, M.

R. I. Mata-Chávez, J. M. Estudillo-Ayala, R. Rojas-Laguna, E. Vargas-Rodriguez, I. Torres-Fomez, D. Monzon-Hernandez, M. Trejo-Duran, and J. R. Perez-Chimal, “Study of temperature sensing in a novel fattened electric arc induced LPFG,” Proc. SPIE 7430, 743014 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, L.

Vargas-Rodriguez, E.

R. I. Mata-Chávez, J. M. Estudillo-Ayala, R. Rojas-Laguna, E. Vargas-Rodriguez, I. Torres-Fomez, D. Monzon-Hernandez, M. Trejo-Duran, and J. R. Perez-Chimal, “Study of temperature sensing in a novel fattened electric arc induced LPFG,” Proc. SPIE 7430, 743014 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vaziri, M.

M. Vaziri and C. L. Chen, “Etched fibers as strain gauges,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10(6), 836–841 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D. N.

Wang, J. L.

T. Zhu, Y. J. Rao, J. L. Wang, and Y. Song, “A Highly Sensitive Fiber-Optic Refractive Index Sensor Based on an Edge-Written Long-Period Fiber Grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 1946–1948 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L. A.

Wang, Y. P.

Williams, J. A. R.

L. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Everall, J. A. R. Williams, and I. Bennion, “Design and realization of long-period grating devices in conventional and high birefringence fibers and their novel applications as fiber-optic load sensors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5(5), 1373–1378 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, L.

Xin, Z.

Z. Xin, C. Shen, J. Chu, and C. Zhong, “Long-Period Fiber Grating Based Cantilever Strain Sensor,” in Symposium on Photonics and Optoelectronics (SOPO) (2012), pp. 1–3.

Yamamoto, K.

T. Mizunami, Y. Sho, K. Yamamoto, and Y. Ishida, “Long-period fiber-gratings produced by exposure with a low-pressure mercury lamp and their sensing characteristics,” Opt. Commun. 282(24), 4699–4705 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yun, S. H.

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Everall, J. A. R. Williams, and I. Bennion, “Design and realization of long-period grating devices in conventional and high birefringence fibers and their novel applications as fiber-optic load sensors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5(5), 1373–1378 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, C. L.

Zhong, C.

Z. Xin, C. Shen, J. Chu, and C. Zhong, “Long-Period Fiber Grating Based Cantilever Strain Sensor,” in Symposium on Photonics and Optoelectronics (SOPO) (2012), pp. 1–3.

Zhu, T.

T. Zhu, Y. Song, Y. J. Rao, and Y. Zhu, “Highly Sensitive Optical Refractometer Based on Edge-Written Ultra-Long-Period Fiber Grating Formed by Periodic Grooves,” IEEE Sens. J. 9(6), 678–681 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Zhu, Y. J. Rao, J. L. Wang, and Y. Song, “A Highly Sensitive Fiber-Optic Refractive Index Sensor Based on an Edge-Written Long-Period Fiber Grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 1946–1948 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

T. Zhu, Y. Song, Y. J. Rao, and Y. Zhu, “Highly Sensitive Optical Refractometer Based on Edge-Written Ultra-Long-Period Fiber Grating Formed by Periodic Grooves,” IEEE Sens. J. 9(6), 678–681 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

H. J. Kim, O. J. Kown, S. B. Lee, and Y. G. Han, “Measurement of temperature and refractive index based on surface long-period gratings deposited onto a D-shaped photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Phys. B 102(1), 81–85 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. Zhang, Y. Liu, L. Everall, J. A. R. Williams, and I. Bennion, “Design and realization of long-period grating devices in conventional and high birefringence fibers and their novel applications as fiber-optic load sensors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5(5), 1373–1378 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

T. Zhu, Y. J. Rao, J. L. Wang, and Y. Song, “A Highly Sensitive Fiber-Optic Refractive Index Sensor Based on an Edge-Written Long-Period Fiber Grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 1946–1948 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Han, Y. W. Lee, J. Kwon, S. Roh, J. Jung, and B. Lee, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature incorporating a long-period fiber grating inscribed on a polarization-maintaining fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2114–2116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Sens. J. (2)

D. E. Ceballos-Herrera, I. Torres-Gomez, A. Martinez-Rios, L. Garcia, and J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, “Torsion Sensing Characteristics of Mechanically Induced Long-Period Holey Fiber Gratings,” IEEE Sens. J. 10(7), 1200–1205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Zhu, Y. Song, Y. J. Rao, and Y. Zhu, “Highly Sensitive Optical Refractometer Based on Edge-Written Ultra-Long-Period Fiber Grating Formed by Periodic Grooves,” IEEE Sens. J. 9(6), 678–681 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

W. J. Bock, J. Chen, P. Mikulic, and T. Eftimov, “A Novel Fiber-Optic Tapered Long-Period Grating Sensor for Pressure Monitoring,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 56(4), 1176–1180 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

Opt. Commun. (1)

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[CrossRef]

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Proc. SPIE (1)

R. I. Mata-Chávez, J. M. Estudillo-Ayala, R. Rojas-Laguna, E. Vargas-Rodriguez, I. Torres-Fomez, D. Monzon-Hernandez, M. Trejo-Duran, and J. R. Perez-Chimal, “Study of temperature sensing in a novel fattened electric arc induced LPFG,” Proc. SPIE 7430, 743014 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

P. Caldas, G. Rego, J. L. Santos, and O. V. Ivanov, “Characterization of response of a dual resonance of an arc-induced long-period grating to various physical parameters,” in IEEE Sensors Conference (2008), pp. 329–332.
[CrossRef]

Z. Xin, C. Shen, J. Chu, and C. Zhong, “Long-Period Fiber Grating Based Cantilever Strain Sensor,” in Symposium on Photonics and Optoelectronics (SOPO) (2012), pp. 1–3.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The PLPFG strain sensor fabrication process.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of dimensions of each part of the PLPFG strain sensor.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The setup for the PLPFG tensile test.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

OM (a) and SEM (b) images of the PLPFG.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spectra of PLPFGs with a period of 670 μm and respective diameters of 72 μm, 66 μm, 60 μm, and 54 μm under various tensile loadings.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Spectra of PLPFGs with periods of 640~670 μm and diameters of 72 μm, 66 μm, 60 μm, and 54 μm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Resonant attenuation dip loss values of the PLPFGs (all with a period of 670 μm and with respective diameters of 72 μm, 66 μm, 60 μm, and 54 μm) changed with the various strain loadings.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Relation between the fiber diameter and wavelength of the PLPFGs with different periods (period 640~670 μm).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Relation between the grating period and wavelength of the PLPFGs with various diameters (72 μm, 66 μm, 60 μm, and 54 μm).

Equations (2)

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λ=Λ( n core eff n clad eff )
T= cos 2 ( κ cocl ac L)

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