Abstract

We investigated the polarization of continuous-wave laser emission in the orange region, at 607 nm, and in the red region, at 639 nm and 643 nm, from a Pr:BaY2F8 (Pr:BYF) crystal, pumped by a 445 nm laser diode. We achieved linearly polarized emission along two optic axes of the crystal by changing its orientation with respect to the pump. Simultaneous emission of two orthogonal linear polarizations was observed in the orange region, at the same wavelength, and in the red region, with concurrent emission from the two separate lines.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. G. Smart, J. N. Carter, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, S. T. Davey, S. F. Carter, D. Szebesta, “CW room temperature operation of praseodymium-doped fluorozirconate glass fibre lasers in the blue-green, green and red spectral regions,” Opt. Commun. 86(3-4), 333–340 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Pabœuf, O. Mhibik, F. Bretenaker, P. Goldner, D. Parisi, M. Tonelli, “Diode-pumped Pr:BaY2F8 continuous-wave orange laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(2), 280–282 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Fibrich, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, K. Nejezchleb, V. Škoda, “Visible cw laser emission of GaN-diode pumped Pr:YAlO3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 363–367 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Richter, N. Pavel, E. Heumann, G. Huber, D. Parisi, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, A. Diening, W. Seelert, “Continuous-wave ultraviolet generation at 320 nm by intracavity frequency doubling of red-emitting Praseodymium lasers,” Opt. Express 14(8), 3282–3287 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Richter, E. Heumann, E. Osiac, G. Huber, W. Seelert, A. Diening, “Diode pumping of a continuous-wave Pr3+-doped LiYF4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(22), 2638–2640 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, “Spectroscopy and dynamic measurements of a Tm,Dy:BaY2F8 crystal,” J. Lumin. 82(4), 291–298 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. McFarlane, “Upconversion laser in BaY2F8:Er 5% pumped by ground-state and excited-state absorption,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11(5), 871–880 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  12. F. Cornacchia, D. Parisi, C. Bernardini, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, “Efficient, diode-pumped Tm3+:BaY2F8 vibronic laser,” Opt. Express 12(9), 1982–1989 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. André Richter, Laser Parameters and Performance of Pr3 + -doped Fluorides Operating in the Visible Spectral Region (Cuvillier Verlag, 2008).
  14. M. Scheller, J. M. Yarborough, J. V. Moloney, M. Fallahi, M. Koch, S. W. Koch, “Room temperature continuous wave milliwatt terahertz source,” Opt. Express 18(26), 27112–27117 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

M. Fibrich, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, K. Nejezchleb, V. Škoda, “Visible cw laser emission of GaN-diode pumped Pr:YAlO3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 363–367 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

S. Khiari, M. Velazquez, R. Moncorgé, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, A. Ferrier, M. Diaf, “Red-luminescence analysis of Pr3+ doped fluoride crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp. 451(1-2), 128–131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2004 (2)

1999 (1)

A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, “Spectroscopy and dynamic measurements of a Tm,Dy:BaY2F8 crystal,” J. Lumin. 82(4), 291–298 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

R. McFarlane, “Upconversion laser in BaY2F8:Er 5% pumped by ground-state and excited-state absorption,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11(5), 871–880 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, B. H. T. Chai, “Efficient Continuous Wave-laser emission of Pr3+-doped fluorides at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. B 58(2), 149–151 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

L. H. Guilbert, J. Y. Gesland, A. Bulou, R. Retoux, “Structure and Raman spectroscopy of Czochralski-grown barium yttrium and barium ytterbium fluorides crystals,” Mater. Res. Bull. 28(9), 923–930 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

R. G. Smart, J. N. Carter, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, S. T. Davey, S. F. Carter, D. Szebesta, “CW room temperature operation of praseodymium-doped fluorozirconate glass fibre lasers in the blue-green, green and red spectral regions,” Opt. Commun. 86(3-4), 333–340 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bernardini, C.

Bretenaker, F.

Bulou, A.

L. H. Guilbert, J. Y. Gesland, A. Bulou, R. Retoux, “Structure and Raman spectroscopy of Czochralski-grown barium yttrium and barium ytterbium fluorides crystals,” Mater. Res. Bull. 28(9), 923–930 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Camy, P.

S. Khiari, M. Velazquez, R. Moncorgé, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, A. Ferrier, M. Diaf, “Red-luminescence analysis of Pr3+ doped fluoride crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp. 451(1-2), 128–131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Carter, J. N.

R. G. Smart, J. N. Carter, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, S. T. Davey, S. F. Carter, D. Szebesta, “CW room temperature operation of praseodymium-doped fluorozirconate glass fibre lasers in the blue-green, green and red spectral regions,” Opt. Commun. 86(3-4), 333–340 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Carter, S. F.

R. G. Smart, J. N. Carter, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, S. T. Davey, S. F. Carter, D. Szebesta, “CW room temperature operation of praseodymium-doped fluorozirconate glass fibre lasers in the blue-green, green and red spectral regions,” Opt. Commun. 86(3-4), 333–340 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Cassanho, A.

A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, “Spectroscopy and dynamic measurements of a Tm,Dy:BaY2F8 crystal,” J. Lumin. 82(4), 291–298 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chai, B. H. T.

T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, B. H. T. Chai, “Efficient Continuous Wave-laser emission of Pr3+-doped fluorides at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. B 58(2), 149–151 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cornacchia, F.

Danger, T.

T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, B. H. T. Chai, “Efficient Continuous Wave-laser emission of Pr3+-doped fluorides at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. B 58(2), 149–151 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Davey, S. T.

R. G. Smart, J. N. Carter, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, S. T. Davey, S. F. Carter, D. Szebesta, “CW room temperature operation of praseodymium-doped fluorozirconate glass fibre lasers in the blue-green, green and red spectral regions,” Opt. Commun. 86(3-4), 333–340 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Diaf, M.

S. Khiari, M. Velazquez, R. Moncorgé, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, A. Ferrier, M. Diaf, “Red-luminescence analysis of Pr3+ doped fluoride crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp. 451(1-2), 128–131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Diening, A.

Doualan, J. L.

S. Khiari, M. Velazquez, R. Moncorgé, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, A. Ferrier, M. Diaf, “Red-luminescence analysis of Pr3+ doped fluoride crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp. 451(1-2), 128–131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fallahi, M.

Ferrier, A.

S. Khiari, M. Velazquez, R. Moncorgé, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, A. Ferrier, M. Diaf, “Red-luminescence analysis of Pr3+ doped fluoride crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp. 451(1-2), 128–131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fibrich, M.

M. Fibrich, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, K. Nejezchleb, V. Škoda, “Visible cw laser emission of GaN-diode pumped Pr:YAlO3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 363–367 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gesland, J. Y.

L. H. Guilbert, J. Y. Gesland, A. Bulou, R. Retoux, “Structure and Raman spectroscopy of Czochralski-grown barium yttrium and barium ytterbium fluorides crystals,” Mater. Res. Bull. 28(9), 923–930 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Goldner, P.

Guilbert, L. H.

L. H. Guilbert, J. Y. Gesland, A. Bulou, R. Retoux, “Structure and Raman spectroscopy of Czochralski-grown barium yttrium and barium ytterbium fluorides crystals,” Mater. Res. Bull. 28(9), 923–930 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

R. G. Smart, J. N. Carter, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, S. T. Davey, S. F. Carter, D. Szebesta, “CW room temperature operation of praseodymium-doped fluorozirconate glass fibre lasers in the blue-green, green and red spectral regions,” Opt. Commun. 86(3-4), 333–340 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Heumann, E.

Huber, G.

Jelínková, H.

M. Fibrich, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, K. Nejezchleb, V. Škoda, “Visible cw laser emission of GaN-diode pumped Pr:YAlO3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 363–367 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jenssen, H. P.

A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, “Spectroscopy and dynamic measurements of a Tm,Dy:BaY2F8 crystal,” J. Lumin. 82(4), 291–298 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Khiari, S.

S. Khiari, M. Velazquez, R. Moncorgé, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, A. Ferrier, M. Diaf, “Red-luminescence analysis of Pr3+ doped fluoride crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp. 451(1-2), 128–131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Koch, M.

Koch, S. W.

McFarlane, R.

Mhibik, O.

Moloney, J. V.

Moncorgé, R.

S. Khiari, M. Velazquez, R. Moncorgé, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, A. Ferrier, M. Diaf, “Red-luminescence analysis of Pr3+ doped fluoride crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp. 451(1-2), 128–131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nejezchleb, K.

M. Fibrich, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, K. Nejezchleb, V. Škoda, “Visible cw laser emission of GaN-diode pumped Pr:YAlO3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 363–367 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Osiac, E.

Pabœuf, D.

Parisi, D.

Pavel, N.

Retoux, R.

L. H. Guilbert, J. Y. Gesland, A. Bulou, R. Retoux, “Structure and Raman spectroscopy of Czochralski-grown barium yttrium and barium ytterbium fluorides crystals,” Mater. Res. Bull. 28(9), 923–930 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Richter, A.

Sandrock, T.

T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, B. H. T. Chai, “Efficient Continuous Wave-laser emission of Pr3+-doped fluorides at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. B 58(2), 149–151 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Scheller, M.

Seelert, W.

Škoda, V.

M. Fibrich, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, K. Nejezchleb, V. Škoda, “Visible cw laser emission of GaN-diode pumped Pr:YAlO3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 363–367 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Smart, R. G.

R. G. Smart, J. N. Carter, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, S. T. Davey, S. F. Carter, D. Szebesta, “CW room temperature operation of praseodymium-doped fluorozirconate glass fibre lasers in the blue-green, green and red spectral regions,” Opt. Commun. 86(3-4), 333–340 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Šulc, J.

M. Fibrich, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, K. Nejezchleb, V. Škoda, “Visible cw laser emission of GaN-diode pumped Pr:YAlO3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 363–367 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Szebesta, D.

R. G. Smart, J. N. Carter, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, S. T. Davey, S. F. Carter, D. Szebesta, “CW room temperature operation of praseodymium-doped fluorozirconate glass fibre lasers in the blue-green, green and red spectral regions,” Opt. Commun. 86(3-4), 333–340 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Toncelli, A.

Tonelli, M.

Tropper, A. C.

R. G. Smart, J. N. Carter, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, S. T. Davey, S. F. Carter, D. Szebesta, “CW room temperature operation of praseodymium-doped fluorozirconate glass fibre lasers in the blue-green, green and red spectral regions,” Opt. Commun. 86(3-4), 333–340 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Velazquez, M.

S. Khiari, M. Velazquez, R. Moncorgé, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, A. Ferrier, M. Diaf, “Red-luminescence analysis of Pr3+ doped fluoride crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp. 451(1-2), 128–131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yarborough, J. M.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

M. Fibrich, H. Jelínková, J. Šulc, K. Nejezchleb, V. Škoda, “Visible cw laser emission of GaN-diode pumped Pr:YAlO3 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 363–367 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Sandrock, T. Danger, E. Heumann, G. Huber, B. H. T. Chai, “Efficient Continuous Wave-laser emission of Pr3+-doped fluorides at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. B 58(2), 149–151 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloy. Comp. (1)

S. Khiari, M. Velazquez, R. Moncorgé, J. L. Doualan, P. Camy, A. Ferrier, M. Diaf, “Red-luminescence analysis of Pr3+ doped fluoride crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp. 451(1-2), 128–131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, “Spectroscopy and dynamic measurements of a Tm,Dy:BaY2F8 crystal,” J. Lumin. 82(4), 291–298 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Mater. Res. Bull. (1)

L. H. Guilbert, J. Y. Gesland, A. Bulou, R. Retoux, “Structure and Raman spectroscopy of Czochralski-grown barium yttrium and barium ytterbium fluorides crystals,” Mater. Res. Bull. 28(9), 923–930 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. G. Smart, J. N. Carter, A. C. Tropper, D. C. Hanna, S. T. Davey, S. F. Carter, D. Szebesta, “CW room temperature operation of praseodymium-doped fluorozirconate glass fibre lasers in the blue-green, green and red spectral regions,” Opt. Commun. 86(3-4), 333–340 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (1)

André Richter, Laser Parameters and Performance of Pr3 + -doped Fluorides Operating in the Visible Spectral Region (Cuvillier Verlag, 2008).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Room temperature polarized absorption spectra of Pr:BYF.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Room temperature polarized emission spectra of Pr:BYF.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output powers for the red region, as functions of absorbed power, at 639 nm and at 643 nm. Slope efficiencies (ηabs) and threshold powers (Wthr) are also indicated.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output power as a function of absorbed power at 607 nm and 639 nm with the sample in y-z orientation. Slope efficiencies (ηabs) and threshold powers (Wthr) are also indicated.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spectrum of the simultaneous emission at 639 nm and at 643 nm.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 List of the Observed Single Emissions

Tables Icon

Table 2 List of the Observed Simultaneous Emissions

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