Abstract

A high-power single-frequency, single-polarization, thulium-doped all-fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier (MOPA) is demonstrated by using all-polarization-maintaining (all-PM) thulium-doped fiber and all-PM-fiber components. The MOPA yielded 210 W of single-frequency, linear-polarized laser output at central wavelength of 2000.9 nm with a polarization extinction ratio (PER) of >17 dB. No indication of stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) could be observed at the highest output power level, and the output power was only currently limited by available pump power. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of average output power exceeding 200 W from a single-frequency, single-polarization, thulium-doped all-fiber laser at 2 µm wavelength region.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. D. Jackson, “Towards high-power mid-infrared emission from a fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 423–431 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. A. Clarkson, N. P. Barnes, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, D. C. Hanna, “High-power cladding-pumped Tm-doped silica fiber laser with wavelength tuning from 1860 to 2090 nm,” Opt. Lett. 27(22), 1989–1991 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, “High-power widely tunable Tm:fibre lasers pumped by an Er,Yb co-doped fibre laser at 1.6 mum,” Opt. Express 14(13), 6084–6090 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-Doped Fiber Lasers: Fundamentals and Power Scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Geng, Q. Wang, T. Luo, S. Jiang, F. Amzajerdian, “Single-frequency narrow-linewidth Tm-doped fiber laser using silicate glass fiber,” Opt. Lett. 34(22), 3493–3495 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Geng, Q. Wang, J. Smith, T. Luo, F. Amzajerdian, S. Jiang, “All-fiber Q-switched single-frequency Tm-doped laser near 2 mum,” Opt. Lett. 34(23), 3713–3715 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Geng, Q. Wang, Z. Jiang, T. Luo, S. Jiang, G. Czarnecki, “Kilowatt-peak-power, single-frequency, pulsed fiber laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Lett. 36(12), 2293–2295 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, D. T. Nguyen, Z. Yao, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, J. Yu, “220 μJ monolithic single-frequency Q-switched fiber laser at 2 μm by using highly Tm-doped germanate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 36(18), 3575–3577 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Q. Fang, W. Shi, K. Kieu, E. Petersen, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, “High power and high energy monolithic single frequency 2 µm nanosecond pulsed fiber laser by using large core Tm-doped germanate fibers: experiment and modeling,” Opt. Express 20(15), 16410–16420 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. D. Goodno, L. D. Book, J. E. Rothenberg, “Low-phase-noise, single-frequency, single-mode 608 W thulium fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 34(8), 1204–1206 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. X. Wang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, L. Si, “102 W monolithic single frequency Tm-doped fiber MOPA,” Opt. Express 21(26), 32386–32392 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. B. S. Soh, C. Alegria, P. Dupriez, C. A. Codemard, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, L. Wanzcyk, C. E. Chryssou, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, P. W. Turner, “Single-frequency, single-mode, plane-polarized ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier source with 264 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 30(5), 459–461 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. L. Zhang, S. Cui, C. Liu, J. Zhou, Y. Feng, “170 W, single-frequency, single-mode, linearly-polarized, Yb-doped all-fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 21(5), 5456–5462 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. P. Ma, P. Zhou, Y. Ma, R. Su, X. Xu, Z. Liu, “Single-frequency 332 W, linearly polarized Yb-doped all-fiber amplifier with near diffraction-limited beam quality,” Appl. Opt. 52(20), 4854–4857 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. L. Pearson, J. W. Kim, Z. Zhang, M. Ibsen, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, “High-power linearly-polarized single-frequency thulium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1607–1612 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. L. Shah, R. A. Sims, P. Kadwani, C. C. C. Willis, J. B. Bradford, A. Pung, M. K. Poutous, E. G. Johnson, M. Richardson, “Integrated Tm:fiber MOPA with polarized output and narrow linewidth with 100 W average power,” Opt. Express 20(18), 20558–20563 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, C. C. C. Willis, P. Kadwani, V. Sudesh, L. Shah, M. Richardson, “High-power widely tunable thulium fiber lasers,” Appl. Opt. 49(32), 6236–6242 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. Y. Tang, C. Huang, S. Wang, H. Li, J. Xu, “High-power narrow-bandwidth thulium fiber laser with an all-fiber cavity,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17539–17544 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. Liu, Q. Wang, P. Wang, “High average power picosecond pulse generation from a thulium-doped all-fiber MOPA system,” Opt. Express 20(20), 22442–22447 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. J. Liu, J. Xu, K. Liu, F. Tan, P. Wang, “High average power picosecond pulse and supercontinuum generation from a thulium-doped, all-fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 4150–4153 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013 (4)

2012 (5)

2011 (2)

2010 (2)

2009 (4)

2007 (1)

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2002 (1)

Alegria, C.

Alvarez-Chavez, J. A.

Amzajerdian, F.

Barnes, N. P.

Book, L. D.

Bradford, J. B.

Carter, A. L. G.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-Doped Fiber Lasers: Fundamentals and Power Scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chavez-Pirson, A.

Chryssou, C. E.

Clarkson, W. A.

Codemard, C. A.

Cui, S.

Czarnecki, G.

Dupriez, P.

Fang, Q.

Feng, Y.

Frith, G.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-Doped Fiber Lasers: Fundamentals and Power Scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Geng, J.

Goodno, G. D.

Hanna, D. C.

Hickey, L. M. B.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. B. S. Soh, C. Alegria, P. Dupriez, C. A. Codemard, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, L. Wanzcyk, C. E. Chryssou, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, P. W. Turner, “Single-frequency, single-mode, plane-polarized ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier source with 264 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 30(5), 459–461 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Horley, R.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. B. S. Soh, C. Alegria, P. Dupriez, C. A. Codemard, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, L. Wanzcyk, C. E. Chryssou, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, P. W. Turner, “Single-frequency, single-mode, plane-polarized ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier source with 264 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 30(5), 459–461 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, C.

Ibsen, M.

Jackson, S. D.

S. D. Jackson, “Towards high-power mid-infrared emission from a fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 423–431 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, Y.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. B. S. Soh, C. Alegria, P. Dupriez, C. A. Codemard, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, L. Wanzcyk, C. E. Chryssou, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, P. W. Turner, “Single-frequency, single-mode, plane-polarized ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier source with 264 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 30(5), 459–461 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, S.

Jiang, Z.

Johnson, E. G.

Kadwani, P.

Kieu, K.

Kim, J. W.

Li, H.

Liu, C.

Liu, J.

Liu, K.

Liu, Z.

Luo, T.

Ma, P.

Ma, Y.

McComb, T. S.

Moulton, P. F.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-Doped Fiber Lasers: Fundamentals and Power Scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, D. T.

Nilsson, J.

Payne, D. N.

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. B. S. Soh, C. Alegria, P. Dupriez, C. A. Codemard, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, L. Wanzcyk, C. E. Chryssou, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, P. W. Turner, “Single-frequency, single-mode, plane-polarized ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier source with 264 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 30(5), 459–461 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pearson, L.

Petersen, E.

Petersen, E. B.

Peyghambarian, N.

Poutous, M. K.

Pung, A.

Richardson, M.

Rines, G. A.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-Doped Fiber Lasers: Fundamentals and Power Scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rothenberg, J. E.

Sahu, J. K.

Samson, B.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-Doped Fiber Lasers: Fundamentals and Power Scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shah, L.

Shen, D. Y.

Shi, W.

Si, L.

Sims, R. A.

Slobodtchikov, E. V.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-Doped Fiber Lasers: Fundamentals and Power Scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Smith, J.

Soh, D. B. S.

Su, R.

Sudesh, V.

Tan, F.

Tang, Y.

Turner, P. W.

Wall, K. F.

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-Doped Fiber Lasers: Fundamentals and Power Scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

Wang, Q.

Wang, S.

Wang, X.

Wanzcyk, L.

Willis, C. C. C.

Xiao, H.

Xu, J.

Xu, X.

Yao, Z.

Yu, J.

Zhang, L.

Zhang, Z.

Zhou, J.

Zhou, P.

Appl. Opt. (2)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, P. W. Turner, “Power scaling of single-frequency ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier sources up to 500 W,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 546–551 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Moulton, G. A. Rines, E. V. Slobodtchikov, K. F. Wall, G. Frith, B. Samson, A. L. G. Carter, “Tm-Doped Fiber Lasers: Fundamentals and Power Scaling,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 85–92 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

S. D. Jackson, “Towards high-power mid-infrared emission from a fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 423–431 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (8)

Q. Fang, W. Shi, K. Kieu, E. Petersen, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, “High power and high energy monolithic single frequency 2 µm nanosecond pulsed fiber laser by using large core Tm-doped germanate fibers: experiment and modeling,” Opt. Express 20(15), 16410–16420 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang, S. Cui, C. Liu, J. Zhou, Y. Feng, “170 W, single-frequency, single-mode, linearly-polarized, Yb-doped all-fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 21(5), 5456–5462 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, L. Si, “102 W monolithic single frequency Tm-doped fiber MOPA,” Opt. Express 21(26), 32386–32392 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Tang, C. Huang, S. Wang, H. Li, J. Xu, “High-power narrow-bandwidth thulium fiber laser with an all-fiber cavity,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17539–17544 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, Q. Wang, P. Wang, “High average power picosecond pulse generation from a thulium-doped all-fiber MOPA system,” Opt. Express 20(20), 22442–22447 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Pearson, J. W. Kim, Z. Zhang, M. Ibsen, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, “High-power linearly-polarized single-frequency thulium-doped fiber master-oscillator power-amplifier,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1607–1612 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Shah, R. A. Sims, P. Kadwani, C. C. C. Willis, J. B. Bradford, A. Pung, M. K. Poutous, E. G. Johnson, M. Richardson, “Integrated Tm:fiber MOPA with polarized output and narrow linewidth with 100 W average power,” Opt. Express 20(18), 20558–20563 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, “High-power widely tunable Tm:fibre lasers pumped by an Er,Yb co-doped fibre laser at 1.6 mum,” Opt. Express 14(13), 6084–6090 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (8)

J. Liu, J. Xu, K. Liu, F. Tan, P. Wang, “High average power picosecond pulse and supercontinuum generation from a thulium-doped, all-fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 38(20), 4150–4153 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Jeong, J. Nilsson, J. K. Sahu, D. B. S. Soh, C. Alegria, P. Dupriez, C. A. Codemard, D. N. Payne, R. Horley, L. M. B. Hickey, L. Wanzcyk, C. E. Chryssou, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, P. W. Turner, “Single-frequency, single-mode, plane-polarized ytterbium-doped fiber master oscillator power amplifier source with 264 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 30(5), 459–461 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. D. Goodno, L. D. Book, J. E. Rothenberg, “Low-phase-noise, single-frequency, single-mode 608 W thulium fiber amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 34(8), 1204–1206 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. A. Clarkson, N. P. Barnes, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, D. C. Hanna, “High-power cladding-pumped Tm-doped silica fiber laser with wavelength tuning from 1860 to 2090 nm,” Opt. Lett. 27(22), 1989–1991 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Geng, Q. Wang, T. Luo, S. Jiang, F. Amzajerdian, “Single-frequency narrow-linewidth Tm-doped fiber laser using silicate glass fiber,” Opt. Lett. 34(22), 3493–3495 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Geng, Q. Wang, J. Smith, T. Luo, F. Amzajerdian, S. Jiang, “All-fiber Q-switched single-frequency Tm-doped laser near 2 mum,” Opt. Lett. 34(23), 3713–3715 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Geng, Q. Wang, Z. Jiang, T. Luo, S. Jiang, G. Czarnecki, “Kilowatt-peak-power, single-frequency, pulsed fiber laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Lett. 36(12), 2293–2295 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, D. T. Nguyen, Z. Yao, A. Chavez-Pirson, N. Peyghambarian, J. Yu, “220 μJ monolithic single-frequency Q-switched fiber laser at 2 μm by using highly Tm-doped germanate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 36(18), 3575–3577 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic setup of the high-power single-frequency, single-polarization, thulium-doped all-fiber MOPA.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Average output power of the third LMA PM thulium-doped fiber preamplifier with the increase of incident pump power.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Average output power of the final LMA PM thulium-doped fiber power amplifier with the increase of incident pump power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical spectrum of the final LMA PM thulium-doped fiber power amplifier at highest average output power.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Scanning FP interferometric spectrum of the LMA PM thulium-doped all-fiber MOPA verifying single-frequency operation.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Backward average output power of the LMA PM thulium-doped all-fiber MOPA with the increase of forward output power from MOPA.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

M2 measurement performed using a scanning slit beam profilers system. Inset, near-field beam intensity profile at average output power of 200 W.

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