Abstract

Large and ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities in Ag-doped bismuthate glasses which are prepared by incorporating Ag ions into bismuthate glasses to form Ag nanoparticles through a consecutive melting–quenching–annealing technique are reported. Due to the high refractive index of bismuthate glass, surface plasmon resonance (SPR) of Ag nanoparticles is extendable to 1400 nm, resulting in a higher nonlinear refractive index than bismuthate glass. Femtosecond Z-scans show that the nonlinear refractive index, as high as 9.4 × 10−17 and 5.6 × 10−18 m2 W−1 at 800 and 1300 nm, respectively, can be achieved by selecting an optimized concentration of Ag nano-sized particles. And two-photon absorption at 800 nm is suppressed due to a blue shift in the band-gap of Ag-doped bismuthate glasses, as compared to pristine bismuthate glasses. Optical Kerr shutter technique reveals that these nonlinearities have a relaxation time of < 1 ps.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (1)

B. H. Yu, D. L. Zhang, Y. B. Li, and Q. B. Tang, “Nonlinear optical behaviors in a silver nanoparticle array at different wavelengths,” Chin. Phys. B 22(1), 014212 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

J. Rönn, L. Karvonen, S. Kujala, A. Säynätjoki, A. Tervonen, and S. Honkanen, “Third-order optical nonlinearities of Ag nanoparticles fabricated by two-step ion exchange in glass,” Proc. SPIE 8434, 84341K (2012).
[Crossref]

L. De Boni, E. C. Barbano, T. A. de Assumpção, L. Misoguti, L. R. P. Kassab, and S. C. Zilio, “Femtosecond third-order nonlinear spectra of lead-germanium oxide glasses containing silver nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6844–6850 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (4)

B. Ghosh and P. Chakraborty, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity of silver colloids in silica glasses synthesized by ion implantation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 269(11), 1321–1326 (2011).
[Crossref]

Q. Liu, X. He, X. Zhou, F. Ren, X. Xiao, C. Jiang, H. Zhou, X. Zhao, L. Lu, and S. Qian, “Third-order nonlinearity in Ag-nanoparticles embedded 56GeS2–24Ga2S3–20KBr chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2320–2323 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. P. Singh and B. Karmakar, “Single-step synthesis and surface plasmons of bismuth-coated spherical to hexagonal silver nanoparticles in dichroic ag:bismuth glass nanocomposites,” Plasmonics 6(3), 457–467 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Chen, S. Dai, T. Xu, X. Shen, C. Lin, Q. Nie, C. Liu, and J. Heo, “Surface-plasmon enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities in ellipsoidal gold nanoparticles embedded bismuthate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 514(1–3), 79–82 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

T. Xu, F. Chen, X. Shen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, and X. Wang, “Observation of surface plasmon resonance of silver particles and enhanced third-order optical nonlinearities in AgCl doped Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 ternary glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 45(10), 1501–1505 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Chen, T. Xu, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, X. Wang, and B. Song, “Preparation and optical nonlinearities of transparent bismuth-based glass ceramics embedded with Bi2O3 microcrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(50–51), 2786–2789 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Guo, C. Hou, F. Gao, A. Lin, P. Wang, Z. Zhou, M. Lu, W. Wei, and B. Peng, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of GeS2-Sb2S3-CdS chalcogenide glasses,” Opt. Express 18(22), 23275–23284 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

T. Som and B. Karmakar, “Nanosilver enhanced upconversion fluorescence of erbium ions in Er3+: Ag-antimony glass nanocomposites,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(1), 013102 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Xu, F. Chen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and X. Wang, “Third-order optical nonlinear characterizations of Bi2O3-B2O3-TiO2 ternary glasses,” Physica B 404(14–15), 2012–2015 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

K.-C. Lee, S.-J. Lin, C.-H. Lin, C.-S. Tsai, and Y.-J. Lu, “Size effect of Ag nanoparticles on surface plasmon resonance,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 202(22-23), 5339–5342 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

S. Qu, Y. Zhang, H. Li, J. Qiu, and C. Zhu, “Nanosecond nonlinear absorption in Au and Ag nanoparticles precipitated glasses induced by a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Mater. 28(3), 259–265 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

T. Hasegawa, T. Nagashima, and N. Sugimoto, “Z-scan study of third-order optical nonlinearities in bismuth-based glasses,” Opt. Commun. 250(4–6), 411–415 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, “Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 2954–2956 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (3)

J. M. Harbold, F. Ö. Ilday, F. W. Wise, J. S. Sanghera, V. Q. Nguyen, L. B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Highly nonlinear As-S-Se glasses for all-optical switching,” Opt. Lett. 27(2), 119–121 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Sugimoto, “Ultrafast optical switches and wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) amplifiers based on bismuth oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(5), 1083–1088 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. Sugimoto, “Ultrafast optical switches and wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) amplifiers based on bismuth oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(5), 1083–1088 (2002).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

Y. Watanabe, S. Sakata, T. Watanabe, and T. Tsuchiya, “Two-photon absorption in binary Bi2O3-B2O3 glass at 532 nm,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 240(1–3), 212–220 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. B. Liao, R. F. Xiao, J. S. Fu, H. Wang, K. S. Wong, and G. K. L. Wong, “Origin of third-order optical nonlinearity in Au:SiO2 composite films on femtosecond and picosecond time scales,” Opt. Lett. 23(5), 388–390 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1997 (2)

B. L. Yu, C. S. Zhu, and F. X. Gan, “Optical nonlinearity of Bi2O3 nanoparticles studied by Z-scan technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 82(9), 4532–4537 (1997).
[Crossref]

H. Kozuka, “Metal nanoparticles in gel-derived oxide coating films: control and application of surface plasma resonance,” Proc. SPIE 3136, 304–314 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

1992 (1)

W. H. Dumbaugh and J. C. Lapp, “Heavy-metal oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 75(9), 2315–2326 (1992).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion and band-gap scaling of the electronic Kerr effect in solids associated with two-photon absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(1), 96–99 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

1986 (1)

1985 (1)

Aggarwal, I. D.

Andrejco, M. J.

Barbano, E. C.

Chakraborty, P.

B. Ghosh and P. Chakraborty, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity of silver colloids in silica glasses synthesized by ion implantation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 269(11), 1321–1326 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, F.

F. Chen, S. Dai, T. Xu, X. Shen, C. Lin, Q. Nie, C. Liu, and J. Heo, “Surface-plasmon enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities in ellipsoidal gold nanoparticles embedded bismuthate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 514(1–3), 79–82 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Chen, T. Xu, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, X. Wang, and B. Song, “Preparation and optical nonlinearities of transparent bismuth-based glass ceramics embedded with Bi2O3 microcrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(50–51), 2786–2789 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Xu, F. Chen, X. Shen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, and X. Wang, “Observation of surface plasmon resonance of silver particles and enhanced third-order optical nonlinearities in AgCl doped Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 ternary glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 45(10), 1501–1505 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Xu, F. Chen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and X. Wang, “Third-order optical nonlinear characterizations of Bi2O3-B2O3-TiO2 ternary glasses,” Physica B 404(14–15), 2012–2015 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dai, S.

F. Chen, S. Dai, T. Xu, X. Shen, C. Lin, Q. Nie, C. Liu, and J. Heo, “Surface-plasmon enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities in ellipsoidal gold nanoparticles embedded bismuthate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 514(1–3), 79–82 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Chen, T. Xu, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, X. Wang, and B. Song, “Preparation and optical nonlinearities of transparent bismuth-based glass ceramics embedded with Bi2O3 microcrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(50–51), 2786–2789 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Xu, F. Chen, X. Shen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, and X. Wang, “Observation of surface plasmon resonance of silver particles and enhanced third-order optical nonlinearities in AgCl doped Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 ternary glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 45(10), 1501–1505 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Xu, F. Chen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and X. Wang, “Third-order optical nonlinear characterizations of Bi2O3-B2O3-TiO2 ternary glasses,” Physica B 404(14–15), 2012–2015 (2009).
[Crossref]

de Assumpção, T. A.

De Boni, L.

Delong, K. W.

Dinu, M.

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, “Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 2954–2956 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dumbaugh, W. H.

W. H. Dumbaugh and J. C. Lapp, “Heavy-metal oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 75(9), 2315–2326 (1992).
[Crossref]

Flytzanis, C.

Fu, J. S.

Fujiwara, S.

Gan, F. X.

B. L. Yu, C. S. Zhu, and F. X. Gan, “Optical nonlinearity of Bi2O3 nanoparticles studied by Z-scan technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 82(9), 4532–4537 (1997).
[Crossref]

Gao, F.

Garcia, H.

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, “Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 2954–2956 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ghosh, B.

B. Ghosh and P. Chakraborty, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity of silver colloids in silica glasses synthesized by ion implantation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 269(11), 1321–1326 (2011).
[Crossref]

Guo, H.

Hache, F.

Hagan, D. J.

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion and band-gap scaling of the electronic Kerr effect in solids associated with two-photon absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(1), 96–99 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Harbold, J. M.

Hasegawa, T.

T. Hasegawa, T. Nagashima, and N. Sugimoto, “Z-scan study of third-order optical nonlinearities in bismuth-based glasses,” Opt. Commun. 250(4–6), 411–415 (2005).
[Crossref]

He, X.

Q. Liu, X. He, X. Zhou, F. Ren, X. Xiao, C. Jiang, H. Zhou, X. Zhao, L. Lu, and S. Qian, “Third-order nonlinearity in Ag-nanoparticles embedded 56GeS2–24Ga2S3–20KBr chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2320–2323 (2011).
[Crossref]

Heo, J.

F. Chen, S. Dai, T. Xu, X. Shen, C. Lin, Q. Nie, C. Liu, and J. Heo, “Surface-plasmon enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities in ellipsoidal gold nanoparticles embedded bismuthate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 514(1–3), 79–82 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hirao, K.

Honkanen, S.

J. Rönn, L. Karvonen, S. Kujala, A. Säynätjoki, A. Tervonen, and S. Honkanen, “Third-order optical nonlinearities of Ag nanoparticles fabricated by two-step ion exchange in glass,” Proc. SPIE 8434, 84341K (2012).
[Crossref]

Hou, C.

Ilday, F. Ö.

Jiang, C.

Q. Liu, X. He, X. Zhou, F. Ren, X. Xiao, C. Jiang, H. Zhou, X. Zhao, L. Lu, and S. Qian, “Third-order nonlinearity in Ag-nanoparticles embedded 56GeS2–24Ga2S3–20KBr chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2320–2323 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kanbara, H.

Karmakar, B.

S. P. Singh and B. Karmakar, “Single-step synthesis and surface plasmons of bismuth-coated spherical to hexagonal silver nanoparticles in dichroic ag:bismuth glass nanocomposites,” Plasmonics 6(3), 457–467 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Som and B. Karmakar, “Nanosilver enhanced upconversion fluorescence of erbium ions in Er3+: Ag-antimony glass nanocomposites,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(1), 013102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Karvonen, L.

J. Rönn, L. Karvonen, S. Kujala, A. Säynätjoki, A. Tervonen, and S. Honkanen, “Third-order optical nonlinearities of Ag nanoparticles fabricated by two-step ion exchange in glass,” Proc. SPIE 8434, 84341K (2012).
[Crossref]

Kassab, L. R. P.

Kozuka, H.

H. Kozuka, “Metal nanoparticles in gel-derived oxide coating films: control and application of surface plasma resonance,” Proc. SPIE 3136, 304–314 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kujala, S.

J. Rönn, L. Karvonen, S. Kujala, A. Säynätjoki, A. Tervonen, and S. Honkanen, “Third-order optical nonlinearities of Ag nanoparticles fabricated by two-step ion exchange in glass,” Proc. SPIE 8434, 84341K (2012).
[Crossref]

Lapp, J. C.

W. H. Dumbaugh and J. C. Lapp, “Heavy-metal oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 75(9), 2315–2326 (1992).
[Crossref]

Lee, K.-C.

K.-C. Lee, S.-J. Lin, C.-H. Lin, C.-S. Tsai, and Y.-J. Lu, “Size effect of Ag nanoparticles on surface plasmon resonance,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 202(22-23), 5339–5342 (2008).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

S. Qu, Y. Zhang, H. Li, J. Qiu, and C. Zhu, “Nanosecond nonlinear absorption in Au and Ag nanoparticles precipitated glasses induced by a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Mater. 28(3), 259–265 (2006).
[Crossref]

Li, Y. B.

B. H. Yu, D. L. Zhang, Y. B. Li, and Q. B. Tang, “Nonlinear optical behaviors in a silver nanoparticle array at different wavelengths,” Chin. Phys. B 22(1), 014212 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liao, H. B.

Lin, A.

Lin, C.

F. Chen, S. Dai, T. Xu, X. Shen, C. Lin, Q. Nie, C. Liu, and J. Heo, “Surface-plasmon enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities in ellipsoidal gold nanoparticles embedded bismuthate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 514(1–3), 79–82 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lin, C.-H.

K.-C. Lee, S.-J. Lin, C.-H. Lin, C.-S. Tsai, and Y.-J. Lu, “Size effect of Ag nanoparticles on surface plasmon resonance,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 202(22-23), 5339–5342 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lin, S.-J.

K.-C. Lee, S.-J. Lin, C.-H. Lin, C.-S. Tsai, and Y.-J. Lu, “Size effect of Ag nanoparticles on surface plasmon resonance,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 202(22-23), 5339–5342 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liu, C.

F. Chen, S. Dai, T. Xu, X. Shen, C. Lin, Q. Nie, C. Liu, and J. Heo, “Surface-plasmon enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities in ellipsoidal gold nanoparticles embedded bismuthate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 514(1–3), 79–82 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, Q.

Q. Liu, X. He, X. Zhou, F. Ren, X. Xiao, C. Jiang, H. Zhou, X. Zhao, L. Lu, and S. Qian, “Third-order nonlinearity in Ag-nanoparticles embedded 56GeS2–24Ga2S3–20KBr chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2320–2323 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lu, L.

Q. Liu, X. He, X. Zhou, F. Ren, X. Xiao, C. Jiang, H. Zhou, X. Zhao, L. Lu, and S. Qian, “Third-order nonlinearity in Ag-nanoparticles embedded 56GeS2–24Ga2S3–20KBr chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2320–2323 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lu, M.

Lu, Y.-J.

K.-C. Lee, S.-J. Lin, C.-H. Lin, C.-S. Tsai, and Y.-J. Lu, “Size effect of Ag nanoparticles on surface plasmon resonance,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 202(22-23), 5339–5342 (2008).
[Crossref]

Misoguti, L.

Mizrahi, V.

Nagashima, T.

T. Hasegawa, T. Nagashima, and N. Sugimoto, “Z-scan study of third-order optical nonlinearities in bismuth-based glasses,” Opt. Commun. 250(4–6), 411–415 (2005).
[Crossref]

Nguyen, V. Q.

Nie, Q.

F. Chen, S. Dai, T. Xu, X. Shen, C. Lin, Q. Nie, C. Liu, and J. Heo, “Surface-plasmon enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities in ellipsoidal gold nanoparticles embedded bismuthate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 514(1–3), 79–82 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Xu, F. Chen, X. Shen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, and X. Wang, “Observation of surface plasmon resonance of silver particles and enhanced third-order optical nonlinearities in AgCl doped Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 ternary glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 45(10), 1501–1505 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Chen, T. Xu, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, X. Wang, and B. Song, “Preparation and optical nonlinearities of transparent bismuth-based glass ceramics embedded with Bi2O3 microcrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(50–51), 2786–2789 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Xu, F. Chen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and X. Wang, “Third-order optical nonlinear characterizations of Bi2O3-B2O3-TiO2 ternary glasses,” Physica B 404(14–15), 2012–2015 (2009).
[Crossref]

Peng, B.

Qian, S.

Q. Liu, X. He, X. Zhou, F. Ren, X. Xiao, C. Jiang, H. Zhou, X. Zhao, L. Lu, and S. Qian, “Third-order nonlinearity in Ag-nanoparticles embedded 56GeS2–24Ga2S3–20KBr chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2320–2323 (2011).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J.

S. Qu, Y. Zhang, H. Li, J. Qiu, and C. Zhu, “Nanosecond nonlinear absorption in Au and Ag nanoparticles precipitated glasses induced by a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Mater. 28(3), 259–265 (2006).
[Crossref]

Qu, S.

S. Qu, Y. Zhang, H. Li, J. Qiu, and C. Zhu, “Nanosecond nonlinear absorption in Au and Ag nanoparticles precipitated glasses induced by a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Mater. 28(3), 259–265 (2006).
[Crossref]

Quochi, F.

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, “Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 2954–2956 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ren, F.

Q. Liu, X. He, X. Zhou, F. Ren, X. Xiao, C. Jiang, H. Zhou, X. Zhao, L. Lu, and S. Qian, “Third-order nonlinearity in Ag-nanoparticles embedded 56GeS2–24Ga2S3–20KBr chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2320–2323 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ricard, D.

Rönn, J.

J. Rönn, L. Karvonen, S. Kujala, A. Säynätjoki, A. Tervonen, and S. Honkanen, “Third-order optical nonlinearities of Ag nanoparticles fabricated by two-step ion exchange in glass,” Proc. SPIE 8434, 84341K (2012).
[Crossref]

Saifi, M. A.

Sakata, S.

Y. Watanabe, S. Sakata, T. Watanabe, and T. Tsuchiya, “Two-photon absorption in binary Bi2O3-B2O3 glass at 532 nm,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 240(1–3), 212–220 (1998).
[Crossref]

Sanghera, J. S.

Säynätjoki, A.

J. Rönn, L. Karvonen, S. Kujala, A. Säynätjoki, A. Tervonen, and S. Honkanen, “Third-order optical nonlinearities of Ag nanoparticles fabricated by two-step ion exchange in glass,” Proc. SPIE 8434, 84341K (2012).
[Crossref]

Shaw, L. B.

Sheik-Bahae, M.

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion and band-gap scaling of the electronic Kerr effect in solids associated with two-photon absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(1), 96–99 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, X.

F. Chen, S. Dai, T. Xu, X. Shen, C. Lin, Q. Nie, C. Liu, and J. Heo, “Surface-plasmon enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities in ellipsoidal gold nanoparticles embedded bismuthate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 514(1–3), 79–82 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Xu, F. Chen, X. Shen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, and X. Wang, “Observation of surface plasmon resonance of silver particles and enhanced third-order optical nonlinearities in AgCl doped Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 ternary glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 45(10), 1501–1505 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Chen, T. Xu, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, X. Wang, and B. Song, “Preparation and optical nonlinearities of transparent bismuth-based glass ceramics embedded with Bi2O3 microcrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(50–51), 2786–2789 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Xu, F. Chen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and X. Wang, “Third-order optical nonlinear characterizations of Bi2O3-B2O3-TiO2 ternary glasses,” Physica B 404(14–15), 2012–2015 (2009).
[Crossref]

Singh, S. P.

S. P. Singh and B. Karmakar, “Single-step synthesis and surface plasmons of bismuth-coated spherical to hexagonal silver nanoparticles in dichroic ag:bismuth glass nanocomposites,” Plasmonics 6(3), 457–467 (2011).
[Crossref]

Soileau, M. J.

Som, T.

T. Som and B. Karmakar, “Nanosilver enhanced upconversion fluorescence of erbium ions in Er3+: Ag-antimony glass nanocomposites,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(1), 013102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Song, B.

F. Chen, T. Xu, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, X. Wang, and B. Song, “Preparation and optical nonlinearities of transparent bismuth-based glass ceramics embedded with Bi2O3 microcrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(50–51), 2786–2789 (2010).
[Crossref]

Stegeman, G. I.

Sugimoto, N.

T. Hasegawa, T. Nagashima, and N. Sugimoto, “Z-scan study of third-order optical nonlinearities in bismuth-based glasses,” Opt. Commun. 250(4–6), 411–415 (2005).
[Crossref]

N. Sugimoto, “Ultrafast optical switches and wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) amplifiers based on bismuth oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(5), 1083–1088 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. Sugimoto, “Ultrafast optical switches and wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) amplifiers based on bismuth oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(5), 1083–1088 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. Sugimoto, H. Kanbara, S. Fujiwara, K. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, “Ultrafast response of third-order optical nonlinearity in glasses containing Bi2O3,” Opt. Lett. 21(20), 1637–1639 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tanaka, K.

Tang, Q. B.

B. H. Yu, D. L. Zhang, Y. B. Li, and Q. B. Tang, “Nonlinear optical behaviors in a silver nanoparticle array at different wavelengths,” Chin. Phys. B 22(1), 014212 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tervonen, A.

J. Rönn, L. Karvonen, S. Kujala, A. Säynätjoki, A. Tervonen, and S. Honkanen, “Third-order optical nonlinearities of Ag nanoparticles fabricated by two-step ion exchange in glass,” Proc. SPIE 8434, 84341K (2012).
[Crossref]

Tsai, C.-S.

K.-C. Lee, S.-J. Lin, C.-H. Lin, C.-S. Tsai, and Y.-J. Lu, “Size effect of Ag nanoparticles on surface plasmon resonance,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 202(22-23), 5339–5342 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tsuchiya, T.

Y. Watanabe, S. Sakata, T. Watanabe, and T. Tsuchiya, “Two-photon absorption in binary Bi2O3-B2O3 glass at 532 nm,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 240(1–3), 212–220 (1998).
[Crossref]

Van Stryland, E. W.

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion and band-gap scaling of the electronic Kerr effect in solids associated with two-photon absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(1), 96–99 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. W. Van Stryland, M. A. Woodall, H. Vanherzeele, and M. J. Soileau, “Energy band-gap dependence of two-photon absorption,” Opt. Lett. 10(10), 490–492 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vanherzeele, H.

Wang, H.

Wang, P.

Wang, X.

F. Chen, T. Xu, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, X. Wang, and B. Song, “Preparation and optical nonlinearities of transparent bismuth-based glass ceramics embedded with Bi2O3 microcrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(50–51), 2786–2789 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Xu, F. Chen, X. Shen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, and X. Wang, “Observation of surface plasmon resonance of silver particles and enhanced third-order optical nonlinearities in AgCl doped Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 ternary glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 45(10), 1501–1505 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Xu, F. Chen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and X. Wang, “Third-order optical nonlinear characterizations of Bi2O3-B2O3-TiO2 ternary glasses,” Physica B 404(14–15), 2012–2015 (2009).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, T.

Y. Watanabe, S. Sakata, T. Watanabe, and T. Tsuchiya, “Two-photon absorption in binary Bi2O3-B2O3 glass at 532 nm,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 240(1–3), 212–220 (1998).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, Y.

Y. Watanabe, S. Sakata, T. Watanabe, and T. Tsuchiya, “Two-photon absorption in binary Bi2O3-B2O3 glass at 532 nm,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 240(1–3), 212–220 (1998).
[Crossref]

Wei, W.

Wise, F. W.

Wong, G. K. L.

Wong, K. S.

Woodall, M. A.

Xiao, R. F.

Xiao, X.

Q. Liu, X. He, X. Zhou, F. Ren, X. Xiao, C. Jiang, H. Zhou, X. Zhao, L. Lu, and S. Qian, “Third-order nonlinearity in Ag-nanoparticles embedded 56GeS2–24Ga2S3–20KBr chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2320–2323 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xu, T.

F. Chen, S. Dai, T. Xu, X. Shen, C. Lin, Q. Nie, C. Liu, and J. Heo, “Surface-plasmon enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities in ellipsoidal gold nanoparticles embedded bismuthate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 514(1–3), 79–82 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Chen, T. Xu, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, X. Wang, and B. Song, “Preparation and optical nonlinearities of transparent bismuth-based glass ceramics embedded with Bi2O3 microcrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(50–51), 2786–2789 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Xu, F. Chen, X. Shen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, and X. Wang, “Observation of surface plasmon resonance of silver particles and enhanced third-order optical nonlinearities in AgCl doped Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 ternary glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 45(10), 1501–1505 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Xu, F. Chen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and X. Wang, “Third-order optical nonlinear characterizations of Bi2O3-B2O3-TiO2 ternary glasses,” Physica B 404(14–15), 2012–2015 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yu, B. H.

B. H. Yu, D. L. Zhang, Y. B. Li, and Q. B. Tang, “Nonlinear optical behaviors in a silver nanoparticle array at different wavelengths,” Chin. Phys. B 22(1), 014212 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yu, B. L.

B. L. Yu, C. S. Zhu, and F. X. Gan, “Optical nonlinearity of Bi2O3 nanoparticles studied by Z-scan technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 82(9), 4532–4537 (1997).
[Crossref]

Zhang, D. L.

B. H. Yu, D. L. Zhang, Y. B. Li, and Q. B. Tang, “Nonlinear optical behaviors in a silver nanoparticle array at different wavelengths,” Chin. Phys. B 22(1), 014212 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

S. Qu, Y. Zhang, H. Li, J. Qiu, and C. Zhu, “Nanosecond nonlinear absorption in Au and Ag nanoparticles precipitated glasses induced by a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Mater. 28(3), 259–265 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhao, X.

Q. Liu, X. He, X. Zhou, F. Ren, X. Xiao, C. Jiang, H. Zhou, X. Zhao, L. Lu, and S. Qian, “Third-order nonlinearity in Ag-nanoparticles embedded 56GeS2–24Ga2S3–20KBr chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2320–2323 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhou, H.

Q. Liu, X. He, X. Zhou, F. Ren, X. Xiao, C. Jiang, H. Zhou, X. Zhao, L. Lu, and S. Qian, “Third-order nonlinearity in Ag-nanoparticles embedded 56GeS2–24Ga2S3–20KBr chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2320–2323 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhou, X.

Q. Liu, X. He, X. Zhou, F. Ren, X. Xiao, C. Jiang, H. Zhou, X. Zhao, L. Lu, and S. Qian, “Third-order nonlinearity in Ag-nanoparticles embedded 56GeS2–24Ga2S3–20KBr chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2320–2323 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Z.

Zhu, C.

S. Qu, Y. Zhang, H. Li, J. Qiu, and C. Zhu, “Nanosecond nonlinear absorption in Au and Ag nanoparticles precipitated glasses induced by a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Mater. 28(3), 259–265 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhu, C. S.

B. L. Yu, C. S. Zhu, and F. X. Gan, “Optical nonlinearity of Bi2O3 nanoparticles studied by Z-scan technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 82(9), 4532–4537 (1997).
[Crossref]

Zilio, S. C.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, “Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 2954–2956 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

F. Chen, S. Dai, T. Xu, X. Shen, C. Lin, Q. Nie, C. Liu, and J. Heo, “Surface-plasmon enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities in ellipsoidal gold nanoparticles embedded bismuthate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 514(1–3), 79–82 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chin. Phys. B (1)

B. H. Yu, D. L. Zhang, Y. B. Li, and Q. B. Tang, “Nonlinear optical behaviors in a silver nanoparticle array at different wavelengths,” Chin. Phys. B 22(1), 014212 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (3)

N. Sugimoto, “Ultrafast optical switches and wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) amplifiers based on bismuth oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(5), 1083–1088 (2002).
[Crossref]

W. H. Dumbaugh and J. C. Lapp, “Heavy-metal oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 75(9), 2315–2326 (1992).
[Crossref]

N. Sugimoto, “Ultrafast optical switches and wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) amplifiers based on bismuth oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(5), 1083–1088 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

T. Som and B. Karmakar, “Nanosilver enhanced upconversion fluorescence of erbium ions in Er3+: Ag-antimony glass nanocomposites,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(1), 013102 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. L. Yu, C. S. Zhu, and F. X. Gan, “Optical nonlinearity of Bi2O3 nanoparticles studied by Z-scan technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 82(9), 4532–4537 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (3)

Y. Watanabe, S. Sakata, T. Watanabe, and T. Tsuchiya, “Two-photon absorption in binary Bi2O3-B2O3 glass at 532 nm,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 240(1–3), 212–220 (1998).
[Crossref]

F. Chen, T. Xu, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, X. Wang, and B. Song, “Preparation and optical nonlinearities of transparent bismuth-based glass ceramics embedded with Bi2O3 microcrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(50–51), 2786–2789 (2010).
[Crossref]

Q. Liu, X. He, X. Zhou, F. Ren, X. Xiao, C. Jiang, H. Zhou, X. Zhao, L. Lu, and S. Qian, “Third-order nonlinearity in Ag-nanoparticles embedded 56GeS2–24Ga2S3–20KBr chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2320–2323 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Mater. Res. Bull. (1)

T. Xu, F. Chen, X. Shen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, and X. Wang, “Observation of surface plasmon resonance of silver particles and enhanced third-order optical nonlinearities in AgCl doped Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 ternary glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 45(10), 1501–1505 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods B (1)

B. Ghosh and P. Chakraborty, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity of silver colloids in silica glasses synthesized by ion implantation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 269(11), 1321–1326 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. Hasegawa, T. Nagashima, and N. Sugimoto, “Z-scan study of third-order optical nonlinearities in bismuth-based glasses,” Opt. Commun. 250(4–6), 411–415 (2005).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Mater. (1)

S. Qu, Y. Zhang, H. Li, J. Qiu, and C. Zhu, “Nanosecond nonlinear absorption in Au and Ag nanoparticles precipitated glasses induced by a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Mater. 28(3), 259–265 (2006).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion and band-gap scaling of the electronic Kerr effect in solids associated with two-photon absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(1), 96–99 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Physica B (1)

T. Xu, F. Chen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and X. Wang, “Third-order optical nonlinear characterizations of Bi2O3-B2O3-TiO2 ternary glasses,” Physica B 404(14–15), 2012–2015 (2009).
[Crossref]

Plasmonics (1)

S. P. Singh and B. Karmakar, “Single-step synthesis and surface plasmons of bismuth-coated spherical to hexagonal silver nanoparticles in dichroic ag:bismuth glass nanocomposites,” Plasmonics 6(3), 457–467 (2011).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (2)

H. Kozuka, “Metal nanoparticles in gel-derived oxide coating films: control and application of surface plasma resonance,” Proc. SPIE 3136, 304–314 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Rönn, L. Karvonen, S. Kujala, A. Säynätjoki, A. Tervonen, and S. Honkanen, “Third-order optical nonlinearities of Ag nanoparticles fabricated by two-step ion exchange in glass,” Proc. SPIE 8434, 84341K (2012).
[Crossref]

Surf. Coat. Tech. (1)

K.-C. Lee, S.-J. Lin, C.-H. Lin, C.-S. Tsai, and Y.-J. Lu, “Size effect of Ag nanoparticles on surface plasmon resonance,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 202(22-23), 5339–5342 (2008).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

G. Agrawal, Applications of Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2008).

U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters (Springer, 1995).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

OKS signals of CS2 and host glass for calibration.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption spectra of the host and SNCB glasses.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dependence of SPR peak wavelength (λmax) on silver doping quantity; the red curve is third-order polynomial fitting.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) TEM image of host glass, (b) TEM image of BBT-Ag10, (c) TEM image of BBT-Ag30; and (d) and (e) are the size distribution profiles of BBT-Ag10 and BBT-Ag30 respectively, and the curve is Gaussian fitting.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Closed aperture Z-scan curves of the host and SNCB glasses at 800 nm, (b) CA Z-scans at 1300 nm; the red curve is the best fitting according to reference [3].

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Open aperture Z-scan curves of the host glass and a representative SNCB glass (BBT-Ag15).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Plots of W versus silver concentration at 800 and 1300 nm.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) OKS signals of three SNCB glasses at 800 nm, inset is the theoretical fits using exponential decay; (b) comparison of the χ(3) values that obtained from Z-scan and OKS measurements at 800 nm.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 SPR peak wavelength (λmax) and TONL parameters of present host glass, SNCB glasses and other Ag-NPs composited glasses.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

χ ( 3 ) =Re[ χ ( 3 ) ]+iIm[ χ ( 3 ) ]= c n 0 2 16π γ+i cλ n 0 2 32 π 3 β
W= γ I m α 0 λ
χ ( 3 ) = χ CS 2 ( 3 ) ( I/ I CS 2 ) 1/2 ( n/ n CS 2 ) 2 ( L/ L CS 2 )

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