Abstract

Large and ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities in Ag-doped bismuthate glasses which are prepared by incorporating Ag ions into bismuthate glasses to form Ag nanoparticles through a consecutive melting–quenching–annealing technique are reported. Due to the high refractive index of bismuthate glass, surface plasmon resonance (SPR) of Ag nanoparticles is extendable to 1400 nm, resulting in a higher nonlinear refractive index than bismuthate glass. Femtosecond Z-scans show that the nonlinear refractive index, as high as 9.4 × 10−17 and 5.6 × 10−18 m2 W−1 at 800 and 1300 nm, respectively, can be achieved by selecting an optimized concentration of Ag nano-sized particles. And two-photon absorption at 800 nm is suppressed due to a blue shift in the band-gap of Ag-doped bismuthate glasses, as compared to pristine bismuthate glasses. Optical Kerr shutter technique reveals that these nonlinearities have a relaxation time of < 1 ps.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (1)

B. H. Yu, D. L. Zhang, Y. B. Li, Q. B. Tang, “Nonlinear optical behaviors in a silver nanoparticle array at different wavelengths,” Chin. Phys. B 22(1), 014212 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (2)

J. Rönn, L. Karvonen, S. Kujala, A. Säynätjoki, A. Tervonen, S. Honkanen, “Third-order optical nonlinearities of Ag nanoparticles fabricated by two-step ion exchange in glass,” Proc. SPIE 8434, 84341K (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. De Boni, E. C. Barbano, T. A. de Assumpção, L. Misoguti, L. R. P. Kassab, S. C. Zilio, “Femtosecond third-order nonlinear spectra of lead-germanium oxide glasses containing silver nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 20(6), 6844–6850 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (4)

B. Ghosh, P. Chakraborty, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity of silver colloids in silica glasses synthesized by ion implantation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 269(11), 1321–1326 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Liu, X. He, X. Zhou, F. Ren, X. Xiao, C. Jiang, H. Zhou, X. Zhao, L. Lu, S. Qian, “Third-order nonlinearity in Ag-nanoparticles embedded 56GeS2–24Ga2S3–20KBr chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2320–2323 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Singh, B. Karmakar, “Single-step synthesis and surface plasmons of bismuth-coated spherical to hexagonal silver nanoparticles in dichroic ag:bismuth glass nanocomposites,” Plasmonics 6(3), 457–467 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Chen, S. Dai, T. Xu, X. Shen, C. Lin, Q. Nie, C. Liu, J. Heo, “Surface-plasmon enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities in ellipsoidal gold nanoparticles embedded bismuthate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 514(1–3), 79–82 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

T. Xu, F. Chen, X. Shen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Wang, “Observation of surface plasmon resonance of silver particles and enhanced third-order optical nonlinearities in AgCl doped Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 ternary glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 45(10), 1501–1505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Chen, T. Xu, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, X. Wang, B. Song, “Preparation and optical nonlinearities of transparent bismuth-based glass ceramics embedded with Bi2O3 microcrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(50–51), 2786–2789 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Guo, C. Hou, F. Gao, A. Lin, P. Wang, Z. Zhou, M. Lu, W. Wei, B. Peng, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of GeS2-Sb2S3-CdS chalcogenide glasses,” Opt. Express 18(22), 23275–23284 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

T. Som, B. Karmakar, “Nanosilver enhanced upconversion fluorescence of erbium ions in Er3+: Ag-antimony glass nanocomposites,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(1), 013102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Xu, F. Chen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, X. Wang, “Third-order optical nonlinear characterizations of Bi2O3-B2O3-TiO2 ternary glasses,” Physica B 404(14–15), 2012–2015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

K.-C. Lee, S.-J. Lin, C.-H. Lin, C.-S. Tsai, Y.-J. Lu, “Size effect of Ag nanoparticles on surface plasmon resonance,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 202(22-23), 5339–5342 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

S. Qu, Y. Zhang, H. Li, J. Qiu, C. Zhu, “Nanosecond nonlinear absorption in Au and Ag nanoparticles precipitated glasses induced by a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Mater. 28(3), 259–265 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

T. Hasegawa, T. Nagashima, N. Sugimoto, “Z-scan study of third-order optical nonlinearities in bismuth-based glasses,” Opt. Commun. 250(4–6), 411–415 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, H. Garcia, “Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 2954–2956 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

J. M. Harbold, F. Ö. Ilday, F. W. Wise, J. S. Sanghera, V. Q. Nguyen, L. B. Shaw, I. D. Aggarwal, “Highly nonlinear As-S-Se glasses for all-optical switching,” Opt. Lett. 27(2), 119–121 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Sugimoto, “Ultrafast optical switches and wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) amplifiers based on bismuth oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(5), 1083–1088 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Sugimoto, “Ultrafast optical switches and wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) amplifiers based on bismuth oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(5), 1083–1088 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

1997 (2)

B. L. Yu, C. S. Zhu, F. X. Gan, “Optical nonlinearity of Bi2O3 nanoparticles studied by Z-scan technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 82(9), 4532–4537 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Kozuka, “Metal nanoparticles in gel-derived oxide coating films: control and application of surface plasma resonance,” Proc. SPIE 3136, 304–314 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1992 (1)

W. H. Dumbaugh, J. C. Lapp, “Heavy-metal oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 75(9), 2315–2326 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion and band-gap scaling of the electronic Kerr effect in solids associated with two-photon absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(1), 96–99 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

1986 (1)

1985 (1)

Aggarwal, I. D.

Andrejco, M. J.

Barbano, E. C.

Chakraborty, P.

B. Ghosh, P. Chakraborty, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity of silver colloids in silica glasses synthesized by ion implantation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 269(11), 1321–1326 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, F.

F. Chen, S. Dai, T. Xu, X. Shen, C. Lin, Q. Nie, C. Liu, J. Heo, “Surface-plasmon enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities in ellipsoidal gold nanoparticles embedded bismuthate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 514(1–3), 79–82 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Xu, F. Chen, X. Shen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Wang, “Observation of surface plasmon resonance of silver particles and enhanced third-order optical nonlinearities in AgCl doped Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 ternary glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 45(10), 1501–1505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Chen, T. Xu, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, X. Wang, B. Song, “Preparation and optical nonlinearities of transparent bismuth-based glass ceramics embedded with Bi2O3 microcrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(50–51), 2786–2789 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Xu, F. Chen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, X. Wang, “Third-order optical nonlinear characterizations of Bi2O3-B2O3-TiO2 ternary glasses,” Physica B 404(14–15), 2012–2015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dai, S.

F. Chen, S. Dai, T. Xu, X. Shen, C. Lin, Q. Nie, C. Liu, J. Heo, “Surface-plasmon enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities in ellipsoidal gold nanoparticles embedded bismuthate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 514(1–3), 79–82 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Xu, F. Chen, X. Shen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Wang, “Observation of surface plasmon resonance of silver particles and enhanced third-order optical nonlinearities in AgCl doped Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 ternary glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 45(10), 1501–1505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Chen, T. Xu, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, X. Wang, B. Song, “Preparation and optical nonlinearities of transparent bismuth-based glass ceramics embedded with Bi2O3 microcrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(50–51), 2786–2789 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Xu, F. Chen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, X. Wang, “Third-order optical nonlinear characterizations of Bi2O3-B2O3-TiO2 ternary glasses,” Physica B 404(14–15), 2012–2015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

de Assumpção, T. A.

De Boni, L.

Delong, K. W.

Dinu, M.

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, H. Garcia, “Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 2954–2956 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dumbaugh, W. H.

W. H. Dumbaugh, J. C. Lapp, “Heavy-metal oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 75(9), 2315–2326 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Flytzanis, C.

Fu, J. S.

Fujiwara, S.

Gan, F. X.

B. L. Yu, C. S. Zhu, F. X. Gan, “Optical nonlinearity of Bi2O3 nanoparticles studied by Z-scan technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 82(9), 4532–4537 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gao, F.

Garcia, H.

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, H. Garcia, “Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 2954–2956 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ghosh, B.

B. Ghosh, P. Chakraborty, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity of silver colloids in silica glasses synthesized by ion implantation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 269(11), 1321–1326 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Guo, H.

Hache, F.

Hagan, D. J.

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion and band-gap scaling of the electronic Kerr effect in solids associated with two-photon absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(1), 96–99 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harbold, J. M.

Hasegawa, T.

T. Hasegawa, T. Nagashima, N. Sugimoto, “Z-scan study of third-order optical nonlinearities in bismuth-based glasses,” Opt. Commun. 250(4–6), 411–415 (2005).
[CrossRef]

He, X.

Q. Liu, X. He, X. Zhou, F. Ren, X. Xiao, C. Jiang, H. Zhou, X. Zhao, L. Lu, S. Qian, “Third-order nonlinearity in Ag-nanoparticles embedded 56GeS2–24Ga2S3–20KBr chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2320–2323 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Heo, J.

F. Chen, S. Dai, T. Xu, X. Shen, C. Lin, Q. Nie, C. Liu, J. Heo, “Surface-plasmon enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities in ellipsoidal gold nanoparticles embedded bismuthate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 514(1–3), 79–82 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hirao, K.

Honkanen, S.

J. Rönn, L. Karvonen, S. Kujala, A. Säynätjoki, A. Tervonen, S. Honkanen, “Third-order optical nonlinearities of Ag nanoparticles fabricated by two-step ion exchange in glass,” Proc. SPIE 8434, 84341K (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hou, C.

Ilday, F. Ö.

Jiang, C.

Q. Liu, X. He, X. Zhou, F. Ren, X. Xiao, C. Jiang, H. Zhou, X. Zhao, L. Lu, S. Qian, “Third-order nonlinearity in Ag-nanoparticles embedded 56GeS2–24Ga2S3–20KBr chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2320–2323 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kanbara, H.

Karmakar, B.

S. P. Singh, B. Karmakar, “Single-step synthesis and surface plasmons of bismuth-coated spherical to hexagonal silver nanoparticles in dichroic ag:bismuth glass nanocomposites,” Plasmonics 6(3), 457–467 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Som, B. Karmakar, “Nanosilver enhanced upconversion fluorescence of erbium ions in Er3+: Ag-antimony glass nanocomposites,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(1), 013102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Karvonen, L.

J. Rönn, L. Karvonen, S. Kujala, A. Säynätjoki, A. Tervonen, S. Honkanen, “Third-order optical nonlinearities of Ag nanoparticles fabricated by two-step ion exchange in glass,” Proc. SPIE 8434, 84341K (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kassab, L. R. P.

Kozuka, H.

H. Kozuka, “Metal nanoparticles in gel-derived oxide coating films: control and application of surface plasma resonance,” Proc. SPIE 3136, 304–314 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kujala, S.

J. Rönn, L. Karvonen, S. Kujala, A. Säynätjoki, A. Tervonen, S. Honkanen, “Third-order optical nonlinearities of Ag nanoparticles fabricated by two-step ion exchange in glass,” Proc. SPIE 8434, 84341K (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lapp, J. C.

W. H. Dumbaugh, J. C. Lapp, “Heavy-metal oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 75(9), 2315–2326 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.-C.

K.-C. Lee, S.-J. Lin, C.-H. Lin, C.-S. Tsai, Y.-J. Lu, “Size effect of Ag nanoparticles on surface plasmon resonance,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 202(22-23), 5339–5342 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

S. Qu, Y. Zhang, H. Li, J. Qiu, C. Zhu, “Nanosecond nonlinear absorption in Au and Ag nanoparticles precipitated glasses induced by a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Mater. 28(3), 259–265 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. B.

B. H. Yu, D. L. Zhang, Y. B. Li, Q. B. Tang, “Nonlinear optical behaviors in a silver nanoparticle array at different wavelengths,” Chin. Phys. B 22(1), 014212 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Liao, H. B.

Lin, A.

Lin, C.

F. Chen, S. Dai, T. Xu, X. Shen, C. Lin, Q. Nie, C. Liu, J. Heo, “Surface-plasmon enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities in ellipsoidal gold nanoparticles embedded bismuthate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 514(1–3), 79–82 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.-H.

K.-C. Lee, S.-J. Lin, C.-H. Lin, C.-S. Tsai, Y.-J. Lu, “Size effect of Ag nanoparticles on surface plasmon resonance,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 202(22-23), 5339–5342 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, S.-J.

K.-C. Lee, S.-J. Lin, C.-H. Lin, C.-S. Tsai, Y.-J. Lu, “Size effect of Ag nanoparticles on surface plasmon resonance,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 202(22-23), 5339–5342 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C.

F. Chen, S. Dai, T. Xu, X. Shen, C. Lin, Q. Nie, C. Liu, J. Heo, “Surface-plasmon enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities in ellipsoidal gold nanoparticles embedded bismuthate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 514(1–3), 79–82 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Q.

Q. Liu, X. He, X. Zhou, F. Ren, X. Xiao, C. Jiang, H. Zhou, X. Zhao, L. Lu, S. Qian, “Third-order nonlinearity in Ag-nanoparticles embedded 56GeS2–24Ga2S3–20KBr chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2320–2323 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lu, L.

Q. Liu, X. He, X. Zhou, F. Ren, X. Xiao, C. Jiang, H. Zhou, X. Zhao, L. Lu, S. Qian, “Third-order nonlinearity in Ag-nanoparticles embedded 56GeS2–24Ga2S3–20KBr chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2320–2323 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lu, M.

Lu, Y.-J.

K.-C. Lee, S.-J. Lin, C.-H. Lin, C.-S. Tsai, Y.-J. Lu, “Size effect of Ag nanoparticles on surface plasmon resonance,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 202(22-23), 5339–5342 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Misoguti, L.

Mizrahi, V.

Nagashima, T.

T. Hasegawa, T. Nagashima, N. Sugimoto, “Z-scan study of third-order optical nonlinearities in bismuth-based glasses,” Opt. Commun. 250(4–6), 411–415 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, V. Q.

Nie, Q.

F. Chen, S. Dai, T. Xu, X. Shen, C. Lin, Q. Nie, C. Liu, J. Heo, “Surface-plasmon enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities in ellipsoidal gold nanoparticles embedded bismuthate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 514(1–3), 79–82 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Xu, F. Chen, X. Shen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Wang, “Observation of surface plasmon resonance of silver particles and enhanced third-order optical nonlinearities in AgCl doped Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 ternary glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 45(10), 1501–1505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Chen, T. Xu, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, X. Wang, B. Song, “Preparation and optical nonlinearities of transparent bismuth-based glass ceramics embedded with Bi2O3 microcrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(50–51), 2786–2789 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Xu, F. Chen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, X. Wang, “Third-order optical nonlinear characterizations of Bi2O3-B2O3-TiO2 ternary glasses,” Physica B 404(14–15), 2012–2015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Peng, B.

Qian, S.

Q. Liu, X. He, X. Zhou, F. Ren, X. Xiao, C. Jiang, H. Zhou, X. Zhao, L. Lu, S. Qian, “Third-order nonlinearity in Ag-nanoparticles embedded 56GeS2–24Ga2S3–20KBr chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2320–2323 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

S. Qu, Y. Zhang, H. Li, J. Qiu, C. Zhu, “Nanosecond nonlinear absorption in Au and Ag nanoparticles precipitated glasses induced by a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Mater. 28(3), 259–265 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Qu, S.

S. Qu, Y. Zhang, H. Li, J. Qiu, C. Zhu, “Nanosecond nonlinear absorption in Au and Ag nanoparticles precipitated glasses induced by a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Mater. 28(3), 259–265 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Quochi, F.

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, H. Garcia, “Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 2954–2956 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ren, F.

Q. Liu, X. He, X. Zhou, F. Ren, X. Xiao, C. Jiang, H. Zhou, X. Zhao, L. Lu, S. Qian, “Third-order nonlinearity in Ag-nanoparticles embedded 56GeS2–24Ga2S3–20KBr chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2320–2323 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ricard, D.

Rönn, J.

J. Rönn, L. Karvonen, S. Kujala, A. Säynätjoki, A. Tervonen, S. Honkanen, “Third-order optical nonlinearities of Ag nanoparticles fabricated by two-step ion exchange in glass,” Proc. SPIE 8434, 84341K (2012).
[CrossRef]

Saifi, M. A.

Sakata, S.

Y. Watanabe, S. Sakata, T. Watanabe, T. Tsuchiya, “Two-photon absorption in binary Bi2O3-B2O3 glass at 532 nm,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 240(1–3), 212–220 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sanghera, J. S.

Säynätjoki, A.

J. Rönn, L. Karvonen, S. Kujala, A. Säynätjoki, A. Tervonen, S. Honkanen, “Third-order optical nonlinearities of Ag nanoparticles fabricated by two-step ion exchange in glass,” Proc. SPIE 8434, 84341K (2012).
[CrossRef]

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Sheik-Bahae, M.

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion and band-gap scaling of the electronic Kerr effect in solids associated with two-photon absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(1), 96–99 (1990).
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F. Chen, S. Dai, T. Xu, X. Shen, C. Lin, Q. Nie, C. Liu, J. Heo, “Surface-plasmon enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities in ellipsoidal gold nanoparticles embedded bismuthate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 514(1–3), 79–82 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Xu, F. Chen, X. Shen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Wang, “Observation of surface plasmon resonance of silver particles and enhanced third-order optical nonlinearities in AgCl doped Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 ternary glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 45(10), 1501–1505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Chen, T. Xu, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, X. Wang, B. Song, “Preparation and optical nonlinearities of transparent bismuth-based glass ceramics embedded with Bi2O3 microcrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(50–51), 2786–2789 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Xu, F. Chen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, X. Wang, “Third-order optical nonlinear characterizations of Bi2O3-B2O3-TiO2 ternary glasses,” Physica B 404(14–15), 2012–2015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Singh, S. P.

S. P. Singh, B. Karmakar, “Single-step synthesis and surface plasmons of bismuth-coated spherical to hexagonal silver nanoparticles in dichroic ag:bismuth glass nanocomposites,” Plasmonics 6(3), 457–467 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Soileau, M. J.

Som, T.

T. Som, B. Karmakar, “Nanosilver enhanced upconversion fluorescence of erbium ions in Er3+: Ag-antimony glass nanocomposites,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(1), 013102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Song, B.

F. Chen, T. Xu, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, X. Wang, B. Song, “Preparation and optical nonlinearities of transparent bismuth-based glass ceramics embedded with Bi2O3 microcrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(50–51), 2786–2789 (2010).
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Stegeman, G. I.

Sugimoto, N.

T. Hasegawa, T. Nagashima, N. Sugimoto, “Z-scan study of third-order optical nonlinearities in bismuth-based glasses,” Opt. Commun. 250(4–6), 411–415 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Sugimoto, “Ultrafast optical switches and wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) amplifiers based on bismuth oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(5), 1083–1088 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Sugimoto, “Ultrafast optical switches and wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) amplifiers based on bismuth oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(5), 1083–1088 (2002).
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Tang, Q. B.

B. H. Yu, D. L. Zhang, Y. B. Li, Q. B. Tang, “Nonlinear optical behaviors in a silver nanoparticle array at different wavelengths,” Chin. Phys. B 22(1), 014212 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Tervonen, A.

J. Rönn, L. Karvonen, S. Kujala, A. Säynätjoki, A. Tervonen, S. Honkanen, “Third-order optical nonlinearities of Ag nanoparticles fabricated by two-step ion exchange in glass,” Proc. SPIE 8434, 84341K (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, C.-S.

K.-C. Lee, S.-J. Lin, C.-H. Lin, C.-S. Tsai, Y.-J. Lu, “Size effect of Ag nanoparticles on surface plasmon resonance,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 202(22-23), 5339–5342 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchiya, T.

Y. Watanabe, S. Sakata, T. Watanabe, T. Tsuchiya, “Two-photon absorption in binary Bi2O3-B2O3 glass at 532 nm,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 240(1–3), 212–220 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Van Stryland, E. W.

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion and band-gap scaling of the electronic Kerr effect in solids associated with two-photon absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(1), 96–99 (1990).
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E. W. Van Stryland, M. A. Woodall, H. Vanherzeele, M. J. Soileau, “Energy band-gap dependence of two-photon absorption,” Opt. Lett. 10(10), 490–492 (1985).
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Wang, X.

T. Xu, F. Chen, X. Shen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Wang, “Observation of surface plasmon resonance of silver particles and enhanced third-order optical nonlinearities in AgCl doped Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 ternary glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 45(10), 1501–1505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Chen, T. Xu, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, X. Wang, B. Song, “Preparation and optical nonlinearities of transparent bismuth-based glass ceramics embedded with Bi2O3 microcrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(50–51), 2786–2789 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Xu, F. Chen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, X. Wang, “Third-order optical nonlinear characterizations of Bi2O3-B2O3-TiO2 ternary glasses,” Physica B 404(14–15), 2012–2015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, T.

Y. Watanabe, S. Sakata, T. Watanabe, T. Tsuchiya, “Two-photon absorption in binary Bi2O3-B2O3 glass at 532 nm,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 240(1–3), 212–220 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, Y.

Y. Watanabe, S. Sakata, T. Watanabe, T. Tsuchiya, “Two-photon absorption in binary Bi2O3-B2O3 glass at 532 nm,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 240(1–3), 212–220 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wei, W.

Wise, F. W.

Wong, G. K. L.

Wong, K. S.

Woodall, M. A.

Xiao, R. F.

Xiao, X.

Q. Liu, X. He, X. Zhou, F. Ren, X. Xiao, C. Jiang, H. Zhou, X. Zhao, L. Lu, S. Qian, “Third-order nonlinearity in Ag-nanoparticles embedded 56GeS2–24Ga2S3–20KBr chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2320–2323 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, T.

F. Chen, S. Dai, T. Xu, X. Shen, C. Lin, Q. Nie, C. Liu, J. Heo, “Surface-plasmon enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities in ellipsoidal gold nanoparticles embedded bismuthate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 514(1–3), 79–82 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Xu, F. Chen, X. Shen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Wang, “Observation of surface plasmon resonance of silver particles and enhanced third-order optical nonlinearities in AgCl doped Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 ternary glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 45(10), 1501–1505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Chen, T. Xu, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, X. Wang, B. Song, “Preparation and optical nonlinearities of transparent bismuth-based glass ceramics embedded with Bi2O3 microcrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(50–51), 2786–2789 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Xu, F. Chen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, X. Wang, “Third-order optical nonlinear characterizations of Bi2O3-B2O3-TiO2 ternary glasses,” Physica B 404(14–15), 2012–2015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yu, B. H.

B. H. Yu, D. L. Zhang, Y. B. Li, Q. B. Tang, “Nonlinear optical behaviors in a silver nanoparticle array at different wavelengths,” Chin. Phys. B 22(1), 014212 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yu, B. L.

B. L. Yu, C. S. Zhu, F. X. Gan, “Optical nonlinearity of Bi2O3 nanoparticles studied by Z-scan technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 82(9), 4532–4537 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D. L.

B. H. Yu, D. L. Zhang, Y. B. Li, Q. B. Tang, “Nonlinear optical behaviors in a silver nanoparticle array at different wavelengths,” Chin. Phys. B 22(1), 014212 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

S. Qu, Y. Zhang, H. Li, J. Qiu, C. Zhu, “Nanosecond nonlinear absorption in Au and Ag nanoparticles precipitated glasses induced by a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Mater. 28(3), 259–265 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, X.

Q. Liu, X. He, X. Zhou, F. Ren, X. Xiao, C. Jiang, H. Zhou, X. Zhao, L. Lu, S. Qian, “Third-order nonlinearity in Ag-nanoparticles embedded 56GeS2–24Ga2S3–20KBr chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2320–2323 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, H.

Q. Liu, X. He, X. Zhou, F. Ren, X. Xiao, C. Jiang, H. Zhou, X. Zhao, L. Lu, S. Qian, “Third-order nonlinearity in Ag-nanoparticles embedded 56GeS2–24Ga2S3–20KBr chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2320–2323 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, X.

Q. Liu, X. He, X. Zhou, F. Ren, X. Xiao, C. Jiang, H. Zhou, X. Zhao, L. Lu, S. Qian, “Third-order nonlinearity in Ag-nanoparticles embedded 56GeS2–24Ga2S3–20KBr chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2320–2323 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Z.

Zhu, C.

S. Qu, Y. Zhang, H. Li, J. Qiu, C. Zhu, “Nanosecond nonlinear absorption in Au and Ag nanoparticles precipitated glasses induced by a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Mater. 28(3), 259–265 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, C. S.

B. L. Yu, C. S. Zhu, F. X. Gan, “Optical nonlinearity of Bi2O3 nanoparticles studied by Z-scan technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 82(9), 4532–4537 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zilio, S. C.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, H. Garcia, “Third-order nonlinearities in silicon at telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(18), 2954–2956 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

F. Chen, S. Dai, T. Xu, X. Shen, C. Lin, Q. Nie, C. Liu, J. Heo, “Surface-plasmon enhanced ultrafast third-order optical nonlinearities in ellipsoidal gold nanoparticles embedded bismuthate glasses,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 514(1–3), 79–82 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. B (1)

B. H. Yu, D. L. Zhang, Y. B. Li, Q. B. Tang, “Nonlinear optical behaviors in a silver nanoparticle array at different wavelengths,” Chin. Phys. B 22(1), 014212 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (3)

N. Sugimoto, “Ultrafast optical switches and wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) amplifiers based on bismuth oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(5), 1083–1088 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Dumbaugh, J. C. Lapp, “Heavy-metal oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 75(9), 2315–2326 (1992).
[CrossRef]

N. Sugimoto, “Ultrafast optical switches and wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) amplifiers based on bismuth oxide glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(5), 1083–1088 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

B. L. Yu, C. S. Zhu, F. X. Gan, “Optical nonlinearity of Bi2O3 nanoparticles studied by Z-scan technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 82(9), 4532–4537 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Som, B. Karmakar, “Nanosilver enhanced upconversion fluorescence of erbium ions in Er3+: Ag-antimony glass nanocomposites,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(1), 013102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (3)

Y. Watanabe, S. Sakata, T. Watanabe, T. Tsuchiya, “Two-photon absorption in binary Bi2O3-B2O3 glass at 532 nm,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 240(1–3), 212–220 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Q. Liu, X. He, X. Zhou, F. Ren, X. Xiao, C. Jiang, H. Zhou, X. Zhao, L. Lu, S. Qian, “Third-order nonlinearity in Ag-nanoparticles embedded 56GeS2–24Ga2S3–20KBr chalcohalide glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(11-13), 2320–2323 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Chen, T. Xu, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, X. Wang, B. Song, “Preparation and optical nonlinearities of transparent bismuth-based glass ceramics embedded with Bi2O3 microcrystals,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(50–51), 2786–2789 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Mater. Res. Bull. (1)

T. Xu, F. Chen, X. Shen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Wang, “Observation of surface plasmon resonance of silver particles and enhanced third-order optical nonlinearities in AgCl doped Bi2O3-B2O3-SiO2 ternary glasses,” Mater. Res. Bull. 45(10), 1501–1505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods B (1)

B. Ghosh, P. Chakraborty, “Large third-order optical nonlinearity of silver colloids in silica glasses synthesized by ion implantation,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 269(11), 1321–1326 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. Hasegawa, T. Nagashima, N. Sugimoto, “Z-scan study of third-order optical nonlinearities in bismuth-based glasses,” Opt. Commun. 250(4–6), 411–415 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Mater. (1)

S. Qu, Y. Zhang, H. Li, J. Qiu, C. Zhu, “Nanosecond nonlinear absorption in Au and Ag nanoparticles precipitated glasses induced by a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Mater. 28(3), 259–265 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion and band-gap scaling of the electronic Kerr effect in solids associated with two-photon absorption,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65(1), 96–99 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Physica B (1)

T. Xu, F. Chen, S. Dai, Q. Nie, X. Shen, X. Wang, “Third-order optical nonlinear characterizations of Bi2O3-B2O3-TiO2 ternary glasses,” Physica B 404(14–15), 2012–2015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Plasmonics (1)

S. P. Singh, B. Karmakar, “Single-step synthesis and surface plasmons of bismuth-coated spherical to hexagonal silver nanoparticles in dichroic ag:bismuth glass nanocomposites,” Plasmonics 6(3), 457–467 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (2)

J. Rönn, L. Karvonen, S. Kujala, A. Säynätjoki, A. Tervonen, S. Honkanen, “Third-order optical nonlinearities of Ag nanoparticles fabricated by two-step ion exchange in glass,” Proc. SPIE 8434, 84341K (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Kozuka, “Metal nanoparticles in gel-derived oxide coating films: control and application of surface plasma resonance,” Proc. SPIE 3136, 304–314 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Surf. Coat. Tech. (1)

K.-C. Lee, S.-J. Lin, C.-H. Lin, C.-S. Tsai, Y.-J. Lu, “Size effect of Ag nanoparticles on surface plasmon resonance,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 202(22-23), 5339–5342 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters (Springer, 1995).

G. Agrawal, Applications of Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2008).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

OKS signals of CS2 and host glass for calibration.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption spectra of the host and SNCB glasses.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dependence of SPR peak wavelength (λmax) on silver doping quantity; the red curve is third-order polynomial fitting.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) TEM image of host glass, (b) TEM image of BBT-Ag10, (c) TEM image of BBT-Ag30; and (d) and (e) are the size distribution profiles of BBT-Ag10 and BBT-Ag30 respectively, and the curve is Gaussian fitting.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Closed aperture Z-scan curves of the host and SNCB glasses at 800 nm, (b) CA Z-scans at 1300 nm; the red curve is the best fitting according to reference [3].

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Open aperture Z-scan curves of the host glass and a representative SNCB glass (BBT-Ag15).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Plots of W versus silver concentration at 800 and 1300 nm.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) OKS signals of three SNCB glasses at 800 nm, inset is the theoretical fits using exponential decay; (b) comparison of the χ(3) values that obtained from Z-scan and OKS measurements at 800 nm.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 SPR peak wavelength (λmax) and TONL parameters of present host glass, SNCB glasses and other Ag-NPs composited glasses.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

χ ( 3 ) =Re[ χ ( 3 ) ]+iIm[ χ ( 3 ) ]= c n 0 2 16π γ+i cλ n 0 2 32 π 3 β
W= γ I m α 0 λ
χ ( 3 ) = χ CS 2 ( 3 ) ( I/ I CS 2 ) 1/2 ( n/ n CS 2 ) 2 ( L/ L CS 2 )

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