Abstract

A compact Fourier-transform imaging spectropolarimeter covering a 450-1000 nm spectral range is presented. The sensor, which is based on two birefringent retarders and a Wollaston interferometer, offers significant advantages over previous implementations. Specifically, with no internal moving parts, electrically controllable or micro polarization components, the full wavelength-dependent state of polarization, spectral and spatial information of a scene can be acquired simultaneously. Outdoor measurements of several cars and plants demonstrate the sensor’s potential for color measurement, target identification, and agriculture monitoring applications.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. Groner, J. W. Winkelman, A. G. Harris, C. Ince, G. J. Bouma, K. Messmer, and R. G. Nadeau, “Orthogonal polarization spectral imaging: A new method for study of the microcirculation,” Nat. Med. 5(10), 1209–1212 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. N. J. Pust and J. A. Shaw, “Wavelength dependence of the degree of polarization in cloud-free skies: simulations of real environments,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15559–15568 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. G. Moran and J. M. Davila, “Three-Dimensional Polarimetric Imaging of Coronal Mass Ejections,” Science 305(5680), 66–70 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. S. Tyo, D. L. Goldstein, D. B. Chenault, and J. A. Shaw, “Review of passive imaging polarimetry for remote sensing applications,” Appl. Opt. 45(22), 5453–5469 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. X. Meng, J. Li, T. Xu, D. Liu, and R. Zhu, “High throughput full Stokes Fourier transform imaging spectropolarimetry,” Opt. Express 21(26), 32071–32085 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. T. Mu, C. Zhang, C. Jia, and W. Ren, “Static hyperspectral imaging polarimeter for full linear Stokes parameters,” Opt. Express 20(16), 18194–18201 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. H. Smith, J. B. Woodruff, and J. D. Howe, “Beam wander considerations in imaging polarimetry,” Proc. SPIE 3754, 50–54 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Bénière, M. Alouini, F. Goudail, and D. Dolfi, “Design and experimental validation of a snapshot polarization contrast imager,” Appl. Opt. 48(30), 5764–5773 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. W. Kudenov, M. E. L. Jungwirth, E. L. Dereniak, and G. R. Gerhart, “White light Sagnac interferometer for snapshot linear polarimetric imaging,” Opt. Express 17(25), 22520–22534 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. K. Oka and T. Kato, “Spectroscopic polarimetry with a channeled spectrum,” Opt. Lett. 24(21), 1475–1477 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. D. Sabatke, A. Locke, E. L. Dereniak, M. Descour, J. Garcia, T. Hamilton, and R. W. McMillan, “Snapshot imaging spectropolarimeter,” Opt. Eng. 41(5), 1048–1054 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. H. Jones, F. J. Iannarilli, and P. L. Kebabian, “Realization of quantitative-grade fieldable snapshot imaging spectropolarimeter,” Opt. Express 12(26), 6559–6573 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. K. Oka and T. Kaneko, “Compact complete imaging polarimeter using birefringent wedge prisms,” Opt. Express 11(13), 1510–1519 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. W. Kudenov, N. A. Hagen, E. L. Dereniak, and G. R. Gerhart, “Fourier transform channeled spectropolarimetry in the MWIR,” Opt. Express 15(20), 12792–12805 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. Craven-Jones, M. W. Kudenov, M. G. Stapelbroek, and E. L. Dereniak, “Infrared hyperspectral imaging polarimeter using birefringent prisms,” Appl. Opt. 50(8), 1170–1185 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. Li, J. Zhu, and H. Wu, “Compact static Fourier transform imaging spectropolarimeter based on channeled polarimetry,” Opt. Lett. 35(22), 3784–3786 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

X. Meng, J. Li, T. Xu, D. Liu, and R. Zhu, “High throughput full Stokes Fourier transform imaging spectropolarimetry,” Opt. Express 21(26), 32071–32085 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

T. Mu, C. Zhang, C. Jia, and W. Ren, “Static hyperspectral imaging polarimeter for full linear Stokes parameters,” Opt. Express 20(16), 18194–18201 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. J. Pust and J. A. Shaw, “Wavelength dependence of the degree of polarization in cloud-free skies: simulations of real environments,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15559–15568 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

J. Craven-Jones, M. W. Kudenov, M. G. Stapelbroek, and E. L. Dereniak, “Infrared hyperspectral imaging polarimeter using birefringent prisms,” Appl. Opt. 50(8), 1170–1185 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

J. Li, J. Zhu, and H. Wu, “Compact static Fourier transform imaging spectropolarimeter based on channeled polarimetry,” Opt. Lett. 35(22), 3784–3786 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

A. Bénière, M. Alouini, F. Goudail, and D. Dolfi, “Design and experimental validation of a snapshot polarization contrast imager,” Appl. Opt. 48(30), 5764–5773 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Kudenov, M. E. L. Jungwirth, E. L. Dereniak, and G. R. Gerhart, “White light Sagnac interferometer for snapshot linear polarimetric imaging,” Opt. Express 17(25), 22520–22534 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

M. W. Kudenov, N. A. Hagen, E. L. Dereniak, and G. R. Gerhart, “Fourier transform channeled spectropolarimetry in the MWIR,” Opt. Express 15(20), 12792–12805 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

J. S. Tyo, D. L. Goldstein, D. B. Chenault, and J. A. Shaw, “Review of passive imaging polarimetry for remote sensing applications,” Appl. Opt. 45(22), 5453–5469 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

T. G. Moran and J. M. Davila, “Three-Dimensional Polarimetric Imaging of Coronal Mass Ejections,” Science 305(5680), 66–70 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Jones, F. J. Iannarilli, and P. L. Kebabian, “Realization of quantitative-grade fieldable snapshot imaging spectropolarimeter,” Opt. Express 12(26), 6559–6573 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

K. Oka and T. Kaneko, “Compact complete imaging polarimeter using birefringent wedge prisms,” Opt. Express 11(13), 1510–1519 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

D. Sabatke, A. Locke, E. L. Dereniak, M. Descour, J. Garcia, T. Hamilton, and R. W. McMillan, “Snapshot imaging spectropolarimeter,” Opt. Eng. 41(5), 1048–1054 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

W. Groner, J. W. Winkelman, A. G. Harris, C. Ince, G. J. Bouma, K. Messmer, and R. G. Nadeau, “Orthogonal polarization spectral imaging: A new method for study of the microcirculation,” Nat. Med. 5(10), 1209–1212 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Oka and T. Kato, “Spectroscopic polarimetry with a channeled spectrum,” Opt. Lett. 24(21), 1475–1477 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Smith, J. B. Woodruff, and J. D. Howe, “Beam wander considerations in imaging polarimetry,” Proc. SPIE 3754, 50–54 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Alouini, M.

A. Bénière, M. Alouini, F. Goudail, and D. Dolfi, “Design and experimental validation of a snapshot polarization contrast imager,” Appl. Opt. 48(30), 5764–5773 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bénière, A.

A. Bénière, M. Alouini, F. Goudail, and D. Dolfi, “Design and experimental validation of a snapshot polarization contrast imager,” Appl. Opt. 48(30), 5764–5773 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouma, G. J.

W. Groner, J. W. Winkelman, A. G. Harris, C. Ince, G. J. Bouma, K. Messmer, and R. G. Nadeau, “Orthogonal polarization spectral imaging: A new method for study of the microcirculation,” Nat. Med. 5(10), 1209–1212 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chenault, D. B.

J. S. Tyo, D. L. Goldstein, D. B. Chenault, and J. A. Shaw, “Review of passive imaging polarimetry for remote sensing applications,” Appl. Opt. 45(22), 5453–5469 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Craven-Jones, J.

J. Craven-Jones, M. W. Kudenov, M. G. Stapelbroek, and E. L. Dereniak, “Infrared hyperspectral imaging polarimeter using birefringent prisms,” Appl. Opt. 50(8), 1170–1185 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davila, J. M.

T. G. Moran and J. M. Davila, “Three-Dimensional Polarimetric Imaging of Coronal Mass Ejections,” Science 305(5680), 66–70 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dereniak, E. L.

J. Craven-Jones, M. W. Kudenov, M. G. Stapelbroek, and E. L. Dereniak, “Infrared hyperspectral imaging polarimeter using birefringent prisms,” Appl. Opt. 50(8), 1170–1185 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Kudenov, M. E. L. Jungwirth, E. L. Dereniak, and G. R. Gerhart, “White light Sagnac interferometer for snapshot linear polarimetric imaging,” Opt. Express 17(25), 22520–22534 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Kudenov, N. A. Hagen, E. L. Dereniak, and G. R. Gerhart, “Fourier transform channeled spectropolarimetry in the MWIR,” Opt. Express 15(20), 12792–12805 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Sabatke, A. Locke, E. L. Dereniak, M. Descour, J. Garcia, T. Hamilton, and R. W. McMillan, “Snapshot imaging spectropolarimeter,” Opt. Eng. 41(5), 1048–1054 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Descour, M.

D. Sabatke, A. Locke, E. L. Dereniak, M. Descour, J. Garcia, T. Hamilton, and R. W. McMillan, “Snapshot imaging spectropolarimeter,” Opt. Eng. 41(5), 1048–1054 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dolfi, D.

A. Bénière, M. Alouini, F. Goudail, and D. Dolfi, “Design and experimental validation of a snapshot polarization contrast imager,” Appl. Opt. 48(30), 5764–5773 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garcia, J.

D. Sabatke, A. Locke, E. L. Dereniak, M. Descour, J. Garcia, T. Hamilton, and R. W. McMillan, “Snapshot imaging spectropolarimeter,” Opt. Eng. 41(5), 1048–1054 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gerhart, G. R.

M. W. Kudenov, M. E. L. Jungwirth, E. L. Dereniak, and G. R. Gerhart, “White light Sagnac interferometer for snapshot linear polarimetric imaging,” Opt. Express 17(25), 22520–22534 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Kudenov, N. A. Hagen, E. L. Dereniak, and G. R. Gerhart, “Fourier transform channeled spectropolarimetry in the MWIR,” Opt. Express 15(20), 12792–12805 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goldstein, D. L.

J. S. Tyo, D. L. Goldstein, D. B. Chenault, and J. A. Shaw, “Review of passive imaging polarimetry for remote sensing applications,” Appl. Opt. 45(22), 5453–5469 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goudail, F.

A. Bénière, M. Alouini, F. Goudail, and D. Dolfi, “Design and experimental validation of a snapshot polarization contrast imager,” Appl. Opt. 48(30), 5764–5773 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Groner, W.

W. Groner, J. W. Winkelman, A. G. Harris, C. Ince, G. J. Bouma, K. Messmer, and R. G. Nadeau, “Orthogonal polarization spectral imaging: A new method for study of the microcirculation,” Nat. Med. 5(10), 1209–1212 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hagen, N. A.

M. W. Kudenov, N. A. Hagen, E. L. Dereniak, and G. R. Gerhart, “Fourier transform channeled spectropolarimetry in the MWIR,” Opt. Express 15(20), 12792–12805 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hamilton, T.

D. Sabatke, A. Locke, E. L. Dereniak, M. Descour, J. Garcia, T. Hamilton, and R. W. McMillan, “Snapshot imaging spectropolarimeter,” Opt. Eng. 41(5), 1048–1054 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Harris, A. G.

W. Groner, J. W. Winkelman, A. G. Harris, C. Ince, G. J. Bouma, K. Messmer, and R. G. Nadeau, “Orthogonal polarization spectral imaging: A new method for study of the microcirculation,” Nat. Med. 5(10), 1209–1212 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Howe, J. D.

M. H. Smith, J. B. Woodruff, and J. D. Howe, “Beam wander considerations in imaging polarimetry,” Proc. SPIE 3754, 50–54 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Iannarilli, F. J.

S. H. Jones, F. J. Iannarilli, and P. L. Kebabian, “Realization of quantitative-grade fieldable snapshot imaging spectropolarimeter,” Opt. Express 12(26), 6559–6573 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ince, C.

W. Groner, J. W. Winkelman, A. G. Harris, C. Ince, G. J. Bouma, K. Messmer, and R. G. Nadeau, “Orthogonal polarization spectral imaging: A new method for study of the microcirculation,” Nat. Med. 5(10), 1209–1212 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jia, C.

T. Mu, C. Zhang, C. Jia, and W. Ren, “Static hyperspectral imaging polarimeter for full linear Stokes parameters,” Opt. Express 20(16), 18194–18201 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jones, S. H.

S. H. Jones, F. J. Iannarilli, and P. L. Kebabian, “Realization of quantitative-grade fieldable snapshot imaging spectropolarimeter,” Opt. Express 12(26), 6559–6573 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jungwirth, M. E. L.

M. W. Kudenov, M. E. L. Jungwirth, E. L. Dereniak, and G. R. Gerhart, “White light Sagnac interferometer for snapshot linear polarimetric imaging,” Opt. Express 17(25), 22520–22534 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaneko, T.

K. Oka and T. Kaneko, “Compact complete imaging polarimeter using birefringent wedge prisms,” Opt. Express 11(13), 1510–1519 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kato, T.

K. Oka and T. Kato, “Spectroscopic polarimetry with a channeled spectrum,” Opt. Lett. 24(21), 1475–1477 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kebabian, P. L.

S. H. Jones, F. J. Iannarilli, and P. L. Kebabian, “Realization of quantitative-grade fieldable snapshot imaging spectropolarimeter,” Opt. Express 12(26), 6559–6573 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kudenov, M. W.

J. Craven-Jones, M. W. Kudenov, M. G. Stapelbroek, and E. L. Dereniak, “Infrared hyperspectral imaging polarimeter using birefringent prisms,” Appl. Opt. 50(8), 1170–1185 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Kudenov, M. E. L. Jungwirth, E. L. Dereniak, and G. R. Gerhart, “White light Sagnac interferometer for snapshot linear polarimetric imaging,” Opt. Express 17(25), 22520–22534 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Kudenov, N. A. Hagen, E. L. Dereniak, and G. R. Gerhart, “Fourier transform channeled spectropolarimetry in the MWIR,” Opt. Express 15(20), 12792–12805 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, J.

X. Meng, J. Li, T. Xu, D. Liu, and R. Zhu, “High throughput full Stokes Fourier transform imaging spectropolarimetry,” Opt. Express 21(26), 32071–32085 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Li, J. Zhu, and H. Wu, “Compact static Fourier transform imaging spectropolarimeter based on channeled polarimetry,” Opt. Lett. 35(22), 3784–3786 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, D.

X. Meng, J. Li, T. Xu, D. Liu, and R. Zhu, “High throughput full Stokes Fourier transform imaging spectropolarimetry,” Opt. Express 21(26), 32071–32085 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Locke, A.

D. Sabatke, A. Locke, E. L. Dereniak, M. Descour, J. Garcia, T. Hamilton, and R. W. McMillan, “Snapshot imaging spectropolarimeter,” Opt. Eng. 41(5), 1048–1054 (2002).
[CrossRef]

McMillan, R. W.

D. Sabatke, A. Locke, E. L. Dereniak, M. Descour, J. Garcia, T. Hamilton, and R. W. McMillan, “Snapshot imaging spectropolarimeter,” Opt. Eng. 41(5), 1048–1054 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Meng, X.

X. Meng, J. Li, T. Xu, D. Liu, and R. Zhu, “High throughput full Stokes Fourier transform imaging spectropolarimetry,” Opt. Express 21(26), 32071–32085 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Messmer, K.

W. Groner, J. W. Winkelman, A. G. Harris, C. Ince, G. J. Bouma, K. Messmer, and R. G. Nadeau, “Orthogonal polarization spectral imaging: A new method for study of the microcirculation,” Nat. Med. 5(10), 1209–1212 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moran, T. G.

T. G. Moran and J. M. Davila, “Three-Dimensional Polarimetric Imaging of Coronal Mass Ejections,” Science 305(5680), 66–70 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mu, T.

T. Mu, C. Zhang, C. Jia, and W. Ren, “Static hyperspectral imaging polarimeter for full linear Stokes parameters,” Opt. Express 20(16), 18194–18201 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nadeau, R. G.

W. Groner, J. W. Winkelman, A. G. Harris, C. Ince, G. J. Bouma, K. Messmer, and R. G. Nadeau, “Orthogonal polarization spectral imaging: A new method for study of the microcirculation,” Nat. Med. 5(10), 1209–1212 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oka, K.

K. Oka and T. Kaneko, “Compact complete imaging polarimeter using birefringent wedge prisms,” Opt. Express 11(13), 1510–1519 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Oka and T. Kato, “Spectroscopic polarimetry with a channeled spectrum,” Opt. Lett. 24(21), 1475–1477 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pust, N. J.

N. J. Pust and J. A. Shaw, “Wavelength dependence of the degree of polarization in cloud-free skies: simulations of real environments,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15559–15568 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ren, W.

T. Mu, C. Zhang, C. Jia, and W. Ren, “Static hyperspectral imaging polarimeter for full linear Stokes parameters,” Opt. Express 20(16), 18194–18201 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sabatke, D.

D. Sabatke, A. Locke, E. L. Dereniak, M. Descour, J. Garcia, T. Hamilton, and R. W. McMillan, “Snapshot imaging spectropolarimeter,” Opt. Eng. 41(5), 1048–1054 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, J. A.

N. J. Pust and J. A. Shaw, “Wavelength dependence of the degree of polarization in cloud-free skies: simulations of real environments,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15559–15568 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Tyo, D. L. Goldstein, D. B. Chenault, and J. A. Shaw, “Review of passive imaging polarimetry for remote sensing applications,” Appl. Opt. 45(22), 5453–5469 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, M. H.

M. H. Smith, J. B. Woodruff, and J. D. Howe, “Beam wander considerations in imaging polarimetry,” Proc. SPIE 3754, 50–54 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stapelbroek, M. G.

J. Craven-Jones, M. W. Kudenov, M. G. Stapelbroek, and E. L. Dereniak, “Infrared hyperspectral imaging polarimeter using birefringent prisms,” Appl. Opt. 50(8), 1170–1185 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tyo, J. S.

J. S. Tyo, D. L. Goldstein, D. B. Chenault, and J. A. Shaw, “Review of passive imaging polarimetry for remote sensing applications,” Appl. Opt. 45(22), 5453–5469 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Winkelman, J. W.

W. Groner, J. W. Winkelman, A. G. Harris, C. Ince, G. J. Bouma, K. Messmer, and R. G. Nadeau, “Orthogonal polarization spectral imaging: A new method for study of the microcirculation,” Nat. Med. 5(10), 1209–1212 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Woodruff, J. B.

M. H. Smith, J. B. Woodruff, and J. D. Howe, “Beam wander considerations in imaging polarimetry,” Proc. SPIE 3754, 50–54 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wu, H.

J. Li, J. Zhu, and H. Wu, “Compact static Fourier transform imaging spectropolarimeter based on channeled polarimetry,” Opt. Lett. 35(22), 3784–3786 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, T.

X. Meng, J. Li, T. Xu, D. Liu, and R. Zhu, “High throughput full Stokes Fourier transform imaging spectropolarimetry,” Opt. Express 21(26), 32071–32085 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, C.

T. Mu, C. Zhang, C. Jia, and W. Ren, “Static hyperspectral imaging polarimeter for full linear Stokes parameters,” Opt. Express 20(16), 18194–18201 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, J.

J. Li, J. Zhu, and H. Wu, “Compact static Fourier transform imaging spectropolarimeter based on channeled polarimetry,” Opt. Lett. 35(22), 3784–3786 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, R.

X. Meng, J. Li, T. Xu, D. Liu, and R. Zhu, “High throughput full Stokes Fourier transform imaging spectropolarimetry,” Opt. Express 21(26), 32071–32085 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (3)

J. S. Tyo, D. L. Goldstein, D. B. Chenault, and J. A. Shaw, “Review of passive imaging polarimetry for remote sensing applications,” Appl. Opt. 45(22), 5453–5469 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bénière, M. Alouini, F. Goudail, and D. Dolfi, “Design and experimental validation of a snapshot polarization contrast imager,” Appl. Opt. 48(30), 5764–5773 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Craven-Jones, M. W. Kudenov, M. G. Stapelbroek, and E. L. Dereniak, “Infrared hyperspectral imaging polarimeter using birefringent prisms,” Appl. Opt. 50(8), 1170–1185 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Med. (1)

W. Groner, J. W. Winkelman, A. G. Harris, C. Ince, G. J. Bouma, K. Messmer, and R. G. Nadeau, “Orthogonal polarization spectral imaging: A new method for study of the microcirculation,” Nat. Med. 5(10), 1209–1212 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Eng. (1)

D. Sabatke, A. Locke, E. L. Dereniak, M. Descour, J. Garcia, T. Hamilton, and R. W. McMillan, “Snapshot imaging spectropolarimeter,” Opt. Eng. 41(5), 1048–1054 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (7)

S. H. Jones, F. J. Iannarilli, and P. L. Kebabian, “Realization of quantitative-grade fieldable snapshot imaging spectropolarimeter,” Opt. Express 12(26), 6559–6573 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Oka and T. Kaneko, “Compact complete imaging polarimeter using birefringent wedge prisms,” Opt. Express 11(13), 1510–1519 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Kudenov, N. A. Hagen, E. L. Dereniak, and G. R. Gerhart, “Fourier transform channeled spectropolarimetry in the MWIR,” Opt. Express 15(20), 12792–12805 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. J. Pust and J. A. Shaw, “Wavelength dependence of the degree of polarization in cloud-free skies: simulations of real environments,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15559–15568 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Kudenov, M. E. L. Jungwirth, E. L. Dereniak, and G. R. Gerhart, “White light Sagnac interferometer for snapshot linear polarimetric imaging,” Opt. Express 17(25), 22520–22534 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Meng, J. Li, T. Xu, D. Liu, and R. Zhu, “High throughput full Stokes Fourier transform imaging spectropolarimetry,” Opt. Express 21(26), 32071–32085 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Mu, C. Zhang, C. Jia, and W. Ren, “Static hyperspectral imaging polarimeter for full linear Stokes parameters,” Opt. Express 20(16), 18194–18201 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

K. Oka and T. Kato, “Spectroscopic polarimetry with a channeled spectrum,” Opt. Lett. 24(21), 1475–1477 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Li, J. Zhu, and H. Wu, “Compact static Fourier transform imaging spectropolarimeter based on channeled polarimetry,” Opt. Lett. 35(22), 3784–3786 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

M. H. Smith, J. B. Woodruff, and J. D. Howe, “Beam wander considerations in imaging polarimetry,” Proc. SPIE 3754, 50–54 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

T. G. Moran and J. M. Davila, “Three-Dimensional Polarimetric Imaging of Coronal Mass Ejections,” Science 305(5680), 66–70 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic setup of the FTISP system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Photograph of the FTISP mounted on a tripod.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experiment setup for laboratory testing of the FTISP.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Spectrum from the FTISP system (blue line) and StellarNet spectrometer (black line). (b) Normalized Stokes parameters. Solid and dashed curves show the experimental and theoretical values, respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) 2D S0 spatial images from the 3D datacubes at various wavelengths. (b) RGB composite image that was generated using the FTISP system’s spectral data.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) 2D DOP spatial images from the 3D datacubes at various wavelengths. (b) DOP, band integrated data.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) RGB composite image that was generated using the FTISP system’s spectral data (Artificial flower is indicated by red circle). (b) Spectra for artificial and natural leaves.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) DOP, band integrated data. (b) S0 image at 753.6 nm wavelength.

Equations (12)

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S i (σ)=[ S 0 (σ) S 1 (σ) S 2 (σ) S 3 (σ) ]=[ I 0 (σ)+ I 90 (σ) I 0 (σ) I 90 (σ) I +45 (σ) I 45 (σ) I R (σ) I L (σ) ],
I(z)= σ 2 σ 1 I(z,σ)dσ = σ 2 σ 1 M s S i (σ)dσ ,
M s = M A M W M P M R 2 M R 1 ,
I(z)= σ 2 σ 1 1+cos( ϕ z (σ)) 4 { S 0 (σ)+ 1 2 S 2 (σ)[exp(i ϕ 2 (σ))+exp(i ϕ 2 (σ))] + 1 4 [ S 13 (σ)exp(i( ϕ 1 (σ) ϕ 2 (σ))) + S 13 * (σ)exp(i( ϕ 1 (σ) ϕ 2 (σ)))] 1 4 [ S 13 (σ)exp(i( ϕ 1 (σ)+ ϕ 2 (σ))) + S 13 * (σ)exp(i( ϕ 1 (σ)+ ϕ 2 (σ)))] }dσ ,
ϕ z (σ)=2πΔzσ,
ϕ 1 (σ)=2πB(σ) d 1 σ,
ϕ 2 (σ)=2πB(σ) d 2 σ.
I(z)= 1 4 C 0 (z)+ 1 8 C 2 (z L 2 )+ 1 8 C 2 * (z L 2 ) + 1 16 C 1 (z( L 1 L 2 ))+ 1 16 C 1 * (z( L 1 L 2 )). 1 16 C 3 (z( L 1 + L 2 )) 1 16 C 3 * (z( L 1 + L 2 )
F 1 ( C 0 )= 1 4 S 0 (σ),
F 1 ( C 1 )= 1 16 ( S 1 (σ)j S 3 (σ))exp(j( ϕ 2 (σ) ϕ 1 (σ))),
F 1 ( C 2 )= 1 8 S 2 (σ)exp(j ϕ 2 (σ)).
DOP ( σ ) = S 1 ( σ ) 2 + S 2 ( σ ) 2 + S 3 ( σ ) 2 S 0 ( σ ) .

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