Abstract

We report the generation of a 6 pC, 23 MeV electron bunch with the energy spread ± 3.5% by using 2 TW, 80 fs high contrast laser pulses interacting with helium gas targets. Within the optimized experimental condition, we obtained quasi-monoenergetic electron beam with an ultra-small normalized divergence angle of 92 mrad, which is at least 5 times smaller than the previous LPA-produced bunches. We suggest the significant decrease of the normalized divergence angles is due to smooth transfer from SM-LWFA to LWFA. Since the beam size in LPA is typically small, this observation may explore a simple way to generate ultralow normalized emittance electron bunches by using small-power but high-repetition-rate laser facilities.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

X. M. Wang, R. Zgadzaj, N. Fazel, Z. Y. Li, S. A. Yi, X. Zhang, W. Henderson, Y. Y. Chang, R. Korzekwa, H. E. Tsai, C. H. Pai, H. Quevedo, G. Dyer, E. Gaul, M. Martinez, A. C. Bernstein, T. Borger, M. Spinks, M. Donovan, V. Khudik, G. Shvets, T. Ditmire, M. C. Downer, “Quasi-monoenergetic laser-plasma acceleration of electrons to 2 GeV,” Nat Commun 4, 1988 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. T. Kim, K. H. Pae, H. J. Cha, I. J. Kim, T. J. Yu, J. H. Sung, S. K. Lee, T. M. Jeong, J. Lee, “Enhancement of electron energy to the multi-GeV regime by a dual-stage laser-wakefield accelerator pumped by petawatt laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(16), 165002 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

G. R. Plateau, C. G. R. Geddes, D. B. Thorn, M. Chen, C. Benedetti, E. Esarey, A. J. Gonsalves, N. H. Matlis, K. Nakamura, C. B. Schroeder, S. Shiraishi, T. Sokollik, J. van Tilborg, C. Toth, S. Trotsenko, T. S. Kim, M. Battaglia, T. Stöhlker, W. P. Leemans, “Low-emittance electron bunches from a laser-plasma accelerator measured using Single-Shot X-Ray spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(6), 064802 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

H. Y. Lu, M. Liu, W. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, A. Deng, J. Xu, C. Xia, W. Li, H. Zhang, X. Lu, C. Wang, J. Wang, X. Liang, Y. Leng, B. Shen, K. Nakajima, R. Li, Z. Xu, “Laser wakefield acceleration of electron beams beyond 1 GeV from an ablative capillary discharge waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(9), 091502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

E. Brunetti, R. P. Shanks, G. G. Manahan, M. R. Islam, B. Ersfeld, M. P. Anania, S. Cipiccia, R. C. Issac, G. Raj, G. Vieux, G. H. Welsh, S. M. Wiggins, D. A. Jaroszynski, “Low emittance, high brilliance relativistic electron beams from a laser-plasma accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(21), 215007 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Schreiber, C. Bellei, S. P. D. Mangles, C. Kamperidis, S. Kneip, S. R. Nagel, C. A. J. Palmer, P. P. Rajeev, M. J. V. Streeter, Z. Najmudin, “Complete temporal characterization of asymmetric pulse compression in a laser wakefield,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 235003 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

Y. Ding, A. Brachmann, F. J. Decker, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, A. Miahnahri, H. D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, “Measurements and simulations of ultralow emittance and ultrashort electron beams in the linac coherent light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 254801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Hidding, M. Geissler, G. Pretzler, K. U. Amthor, H. Schwoerer, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, K. Schmid, R. Sauerbrey, “Quasimonoenergetic electron acceleration in the self-modulated laser wakefield regime,” Phys. Plasmas 16(4), 043105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Kneip, S. R. Nagel, S. F. Martins, S. P. D. Mangles, C. Bellei, O. Chekhlov, R. J. Clarke, N. Delerue, E. J. Divall, G. Doucas, K. Ertel, F. Fiuza, R. Fonseca, P. Foster, S. J. Hawkes, C. J. Hooker, K. Krushelnick, W. B. Mori, C. A. J. Palmer, K. T. Phuoc, P. P. Rajeev, J. Schreiber, M. J. V. Streeter, D. Urner, J. Vieira, L. O. Silva, Z. Najmudin, “Near-GeV acceleration of electrons by a nonlinear plasma wave driven by a self-guided laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(3), 035002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, W. P. Leemans, “Physics of laser-driven plasma-based electron accelerators,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(3), 1229–1285 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

Z. L. Chen, C. Unick, N. Vafaei-Najafabadi, Y. Y. Tsui, R. Fedosejevs, N. Naseri, P. E. Masson-Laborde, W. Rozmus, “Quasi-monoenergetic electron beams generated from 7 TW laser pulses in N2 and He gas targets,” Laser Part. Beams 26(02), 147–155 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

S. Masuda, E. Miura, K. Koyama, S. Kato, M. Adachi, T. Watanabe, K. Torii, M. Tanimoto, “Energy scaling of monoenergetic electron beams generated by the laser-driven plasma based accelerator,” Phys. Plasmas 14(2), 023103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

K. Koyama, M. Adachi, E. Miura, S. Kato, S. Masuda, T. Watanabe, A. Ogata, M. Tanimoto, “Monoenergetic electron beam generation from a laser-plasma accelerator,” Laser Part. Beams 24(01), 95–100 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Hidding, K. U. Amthor, B. Liesfeld, H. Schwoerer, S. Karsch, M. Geissler, L. Veisz, K. Schmid, J. G. Gallacher, S. P. Jamison, D. Jaroszynski, G. Pretzler, R. Sauerbrey, “Generation of quasimonoenergetic electron bunches with 80-fs laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 105004 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Lu, C. Huang, M. Zhou, W. B. Mori, T. Katsouleas, “Nonlinear theory for relativistic plasma wakefields in the blowout regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 165002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

S. P. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. G. R. Geddes, C. S. Toth, J. Van Tilborg, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, D. Bruhwiler, C. Nieter, J. Cary, W. P. Leemans, “High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding,” Nature 431(7008), 538–541 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J. P. Rousseau, F. Burgy, V. Malka, “A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams,” Nature 431(7008), 541–544 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

A. Pukhov, J. Meyer-ter Vehn, “Laser wake field acceleration: the highly non-linear broken-wave regime,” Appl. Phys. B 74(4-5), 355–361 (2002).
[CrossRef]

V. Malka, S. Fritzler, E. Lefebvre, M. M. Aleonard, F. Burgy, J. P. Chambaret, J. F. Chemin, K. Krushelnick, G. Malka, S. P. D. Mangles, Z. Najmudin, M. Pittman, J. P. Rousseau, J. N. Scheurer, B. Walton, A. E. Dangor, “Electron acceleration by a wake field forced by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Science 298(5598), 1596–1600 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

C. I. Moore, A. Ting, K. Krushelnick, E. Esarey, R. F. Hubbard, B. Hafizi, H. R. Burris, C. Manka, P. Sprangle, “Electron trapping in self-modulated laser wakefields by Raman backscatter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79(20), 3909–3912 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (4)

J. P. Verboncoeur, A. B. Langdon, N. T. Gladd, “An object-oriented electromagnetic PIC code,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 87(1-2), 199–211 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakajima, D. Fisher, T. Kawakubo, H. Nakanishi, A. Ogata, Y. Kato, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, K. Mima, H. Shiraga, K. Suzuki, K. Yamakawa, T. Zhang, Y. Sakawa, T. Shoji, Y. Nishida, N. Yugami, M. Downer, T. Tajima, “Observation of ultrahigh gradient electron acceleration by a self-modulated intense short laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(22), 4428–4431 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. A. Coverdale, C. B. Darrow, C. D. Decker, W. B. Mori, K. C. Tzeng, K. A. Marsh, C. E. Clayton, C. Joshi, “Propagation of intense subpicosecond laser pulses through underdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(23), 4659–4662 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Modena, Z. Najmudin, A. E. Dangor, C. E. Clayton, K. A. Marsh, C. Joshi, V. Malka, C. B. Darrow, C. Danson, D. Neely, F. N. Walsh, “Electron acceleration from the breaking of relativistic plasm waves,” Nature 377(6550), 606–608 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

T. Tajima, J. M. Dawson, “Laser electron acceleration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 43(4), 267–270 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Adachi, M.

S. Masuda, E. Miura, K. Koyama, S. Kato, M. Adachi, T. Watanabe, K. Torii, M. Tanimoto, “Energy scaling of monoenergetic electron beams generated by the laser-driven plasma based accelerator,” Phys. Plasmas 14(2), 023103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Koyama, M. Adachi, E. Miura, S. Kato, S. Masuda, T. Watanabe, A. Ogata, M. Tanimoto, “Monoenergetic electron beam generation from a laser-plasma accelerator,” Laser Part. Beams 24(01), 95–100 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Aleonard, M. M.

V. Malka, S. Fritzler, E. Lefebvre, M. M. Aleonard, F. Burgy, J. P. Chambaret, J. F. Chemin, K. Krushelnick, G. Malka, S. P. D. Mangles, Z. Najmudin, M. Pittman, J. P. Rousseau, J. N. Scheurer, B. Walton, A. E. Dangor, “Electron acceleration by a wake field forced by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Science 298(5598), 1596–1600 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Amthor, K. U.

B. Hidding, M. Geissler, G. Pretzler, K. U. Amthor, H. Schwoerer, S. Karsch, L. Veisz, K. Schmid, R. Sauerbrey, “Quasimonoenergetic electron acceleration in the self-modulated laser wakefield regime,” Phys. Plasmas 16(4), 043105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Hidding, K. U. Amthor, B. Liesfeld, H. Schwoerer, S. Karsch, M. Geissler, L. Veisz, K. Schmid, J. G. Gallacher, S. P. Jamison, D. Jaroszynski, G. Pretzler, R. Sauerbrey, “Generation of quasimonoenergetic electron bunches with 80-fs laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 105004 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anania, M. P.

E. Brunetti, R. P. Shanks, G. G. Manahan, M. R. Islam, B. Ersfeld, M. P. Anania, S. Cipiccia, R. C. Issac, G. Raj, G. Vieux, G. H. Welsh, S. M. Wiggins, D. A. Jaroszynski, “Low emittance, high brilliance relativistic electron beams from a laser-plasma accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(21), 215007 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Battaglia, M.

G. R. Plateau, C. G. R. Geddes, D. B. Thorn, M. Chen, C. Benedetti, E. Esarey, A. J. Gonsalves, N. H. Matlis, K. Nakamura, C. B. Schroeder, S. Shiraishi, T. Sokollik, J. van Tilborg, C. Toth, S. Trotsenko, T. S. Kim, M. Battaglia, T. Stöhlker, W. P. Leemans, “Low-emittance electron bunches from a laser-plasma accelerator measured using Single-Shot X-Ray spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(6), 064802 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bellei, C.

J. Schreiber, C. Bellei, S. P. D. Mangles, C. Kamperidis, S. Kneip, S. R. Nagel, C. A. J. Palmer, P. P. Rajeev, M. J. V. Streeter, Z. Najmudin, “Complete temporal characterization of asymmetric pulse compression in a laser wakefield,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 235003 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kneip, S. R. Nagel, S. F. Martins, S. P. D. Mangles, C. Bellei, O. Chekhlov, R. J. Clarke, N. Delerue, E. J. Divall, G. Doucas, K. Ertel, F. Fiuza, R. Fonseca, P. Foster, S. J. Hawkes, C. J. Hooker, K. Krushelnick, W. B. Mori, C. A. J. Palmer, K. T. Phuoc, P. P. Rajeev, J. Schreiber, M. J. V. Streeter, D. Urner, J. Vieira, L. O. Silva, Z. Najmudin, “Near-GeV acceleration of electrons by a nonlinear plasma wave driven by a self-guided laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(3), 035002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benedetti, C.

G. R. Plateau, C. G. R. Geddes, D. B. Thorn, M. Chen, C. Benedetti, E. Esarey, A. J. Gonsalves, N. H. Matlis, K. Nakamura, C. B. Schroeder, S. Shiraishi, T. Sokollik, J. van Tilborg, C. Toth, S. Trotsenko, T. S. Kim, M. Battaglia, T. Stöhlker, W. P. Leemans, “Low-emittance electron bunches from a laser-plasma accelerator measured using Single-Shot X-Ray spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(6), 064802 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bernstein, A. C.

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C. G. R. Geddes, C. S. Toth, J. Van Tilborg, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, D. Bruhwiler, C. Nieter, J. Cary, W. P. Leemans, “High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding,” Nature 431(7008), 538–541 (2004).
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E. Brunetti, R. P. Shanks, G. G. Manahan, M. R. Islam, B. Ersfeld, M. P. Anania, S. Cipiccia, R. C. Issac, G. Raj, G. Vieux, G. H. Welsh, S. M. Wiggins, D. A. Jaroszynski, “Low emittance, high brilliance relativistic electron beams from a laser-plasma accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(21), 215007 (2010).
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J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J. P. Rousseau, F. Burgy, V. Malka, “A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams,” Nature 431(7008), 541–544 (2004).
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C. I. Moore, A. Ting, K. Krushelnick, E. Esarey, R. F. Hubbard, B. Hafizi, H. R. Burris, C. Manka, P. Sprangle, “Electron trapping in self-modulated laser wakefields by Raman backscatter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79(20), 3909–3912 (1997).
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C. G. R. Geddes, C. S. Toth, J. Van Tilborg, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, D. Bruhwiler, C. Nieter, J. Cary, W. P. Leemans, “High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding,” Nature 431(7008), 538–541 (2004).
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H. T. Kim, K. H. Pae, H. J. Cha, I. J. Kim, T. J. Yu, J. H. Sung, S. K. Lee, T. M. Jeong, J. Lee, “Enhancement of electron energy to the multi-GeV regime by a dual-stage laser-wakefield accelerator pumped by petawatt laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(16), 165002 (2013).
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V. Malka, S. Fritzler, E. Lefebvre, M. M. Aleonard, F. Burgy, J. P. Chambaret, J. F. Chemin, K. Krushelnick, G. Malka, S. P. D. Mangles, Z. Najmudin, M. Pittman, J. P. Rousseau, J. N. Scheurer, B. Walton, A. E. Dangor, “Electron acceleration by a wake field forced by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Science 298(5598), 1596–1600 (2002).
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X. M. Wang, R. Zgadzaj, N. Fazel, Z. Y. Li, S. A. Yi, X. Zhang, W. Henderson, Y. Y. Chang, R. Korzekwa, H. E. Tsai, C. H. Pai, H. Quevedo, G. Dyer, E. Gaul, M. Martinez, A. C. Bernstein, T. Borger, M. Spinks, M. Donovan, V. Khudik, G. Shvets, T. Ditmire, M. C. Downer, “Quasi-monoenergetic laser-plasma acceleration of electrons to 2 GeV,” Nat Commun 4, 1988 (2013).
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S. Kneip, S. R. Nagel, S. F. Martins, S. P. D. Mangles, C. Bellei, O. Chekhlov, R. J. Clarke, N. Delerue, E. J. Divall, G. Doucas, K. Ertel, F. Fiuza, R. Fonseca, P. Foster, S. J. Hawkes, C. J. Hooker, K. Krushelnick, W. B. Mori, C. A. J. Palmer, K. T. Phuoc, P. P. Rajeev, J. Schreiber, M. J. V. Streeter, D. Urner, J. Vieira, L. O. Silva, Z. Najmudin, “Near-GeV acceleration of electrons by a nonlinear plasma wave driven by a self-guided laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(3), 035002 (2009).
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G. R. Plateau, C. G. R. Geddes, D. B. Thorn, M. Chen, C. Benedetti, E. Esarey, A. J. Gonsalves, N. H. Matlis, K. Nakamura, C. B. Schroeder, S. Shiraishi, T. Sokollik, J. van Tilborg, C. Toth, S. Trotsenko, T. S. Kim, M. Battaglia, T. Stöhlker, W. P. Leemans, “Low-emittance electron bunches from a laser-plasma accelerator measured using Single-Shot X-Ray spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(6), 064802 (2012).
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E. Brunetti, R. P. Shanks, G. G. Manahan, M. R. Islam, B. Ersfeld, M. P. Anania, S. Cipiccia, R. C. Issac, G. Raj, G. Vieux, G. H. Welsh, S. M. Wiggins, D. A. Jaroszynski, “Low emittance, high brilliance relativistic electron beams from a laser-plasma accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(21), 215007 (2010).
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S. Kneip, S. R. Nagel, S. F. Martins, S. P. D. Mangles, C. Bellei, O. Chekhlov, R. J. Clarke, N. Delerue, E. J. Divall, G. Doucas, K. Ertel, F. Fiuza, R. Fonseca, P. Foster, S. J. Hawkes, C. J. Hooker, K. Krushelnick, W. B. Mori, C. A. J. Palmer, K. T. Phuoc, P. P. Rajeev, J. Schreiber, M. J. V. Streeter, D. Urner, J. Vieira, L. O. Silva, Z. Najmudin, “Near-GeV acceleration of electrons by a nonlinear plasma wave driven by a self-guided laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(3), 035002 (2009).
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C. A. Coverdale, C. B. Darrow, C. D. Decker, W. B. Mori, K. C. Tzeng, K. A. Marsh, C. E. Clayton, C. Joshi, “Propagation of intense subpicosecond laser pulses through underdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(23), 4659–4662 (1995).
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Collier, J. L.

S. P. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
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C. A. Coverdale, C. B. Darrow, C. D. Decker, W. B. Mori, K. C. Tzeng, K. A. Marsh, C. E. Clayton, C. Joshi, “Propagation of intense subpicosecond laser pulses through underdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(23), 4659–4662 (1995).
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S. P. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
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V. Malka, S. Fritzler, E. Lefebvre, M. M. Aleonard, F. Burgy, J. P. Chambaret, J. F. Chemin, K. Krushelnick, G. Malka, S. P. D. Mangles, Z. Najmudin, M. Pittman, J. P. Rousseau, J. N. Scheurer, B. Walton, A. E. Dangor, “Electron acceleration by a wake field forced by an intense ultrashort laser pulse,” Science 298(5598), 1596–1600 (2002).
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A. Modena, Z. Najmudin, A. E. Dangor, C. E. Clayton, K. A. Marsh, C. Joshi, V. Malka, C. B. Darrow, C. Danson, D. Neely, F. N. Walsh, “Electron acceleration from the breaking of relativistic plasm waves,” Nature 377(6550), 606–608 (1995).
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Danson, C.

A. Modena, Z. Najmudin, A. E. Dangor, C. E. Clayton, K. A. Marsh, C. Joshi, V. Malka, C. B. Darrow, C. Danson, D. Neely, F. N. Walsh, “Electron acceleration from the breaking of relativistic plasm waves,” Nature 377(6550), 606–608 (1995).
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Darrow, C. B.

C. A. Coverdale, C. B. Darrow, C. D. Decker, W. B. Mori, K. C. Tzeng, K. A. Marsh, C. E. Clayton, C. Joshi, “Propagation of intense subpicosecond laser pulses through underdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(23), 4659–4662 (1995).
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A. Modena, Z. Najmudin, A. E. Dangor, C. E. Clayton, K. A. Marsh, C. Joshi, V. Malka, C. B. Darrow, C. Danson, D. Neely, F. N. Walsh, “Electron acceleration from the breaking of relativistic plasm waves,” Nature 377(6550), 606–608 (1995).
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T. Tajima, J. M. Dawson, “Laser electron acceleration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 43(4), 267–270 (1979).
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Decker, C. D.

C. A. Coverdale, C. B. Darrow, C. D. Decker, W. B. Mori, K. C. Tzeng, K. A. Marsh, C. E. Clayton, C. Joshi, “Propagation of intense subpicosecond laser pulses through underdense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(23), 4659–4662 (1995).
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Y. Ding, A. Brachmann, F. J. Decker, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, A. Miahnahri, H. D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, “Measurements and simulations of ultralow emittance and ultrashort electron beams in the linac coherent light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 254801 (2009).
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S. Kneip, S. R. Nagel, S. F. Martins, S. P. D. Mangles, C. Bellei, O. Chekhlov, R. J. Clarke, N. Delerue, E. J. Divall, G. Doucas, K. Ertel, F. Fiuza, R. Fonseca, P. Foster, S. J. Hawkes, C. J. Hooker, K. Krushelnick, W. B. Mori, C. A. J. Palmer, K. T. Phuoc, P. P. Rajeev, J. Schreiber, M. J. V. Streeter, D. Urner, J. Vieira, L. O. Silva, Z. Najmudin, “Near-GeV acceleration of electrons by a nonlinear plasma wave driven by a self-guided laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(3), 035002 (2009).
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H. Y. Lu, M. Liu, W. Wang, C. Wang, J. Liu, A. Deng, J. Xu, C. Xia, W. Li, H. Zhang, X. Lu, C. Wang, J. Wang, X. Liang, Y. Leng, B. Shen, K. Nakajima, R. Li, Z. Xu, “Laser wakefield acceleration of electron beams beyond 1 GeV from an ablative capillary discharge waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(9), 091502 (2011).
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Ding, Y.

Y. Ding, A. Brachmann, F. J. Decker, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, A. Miahnahri, H. D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, “Measurements and simulations of ultralow emittance and ultrashort electron beams in the linac coherent light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 254801 (2009).
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Ditmire, T.

X. M. Wang, R. Zgadzaj, N. Fazel, Z. Y. Li, S. A. Yi, X. Zhang, W. Henderson, Y. Y. Chang, R. Korzekwa, H. E. Tsai, C. H. Pai, H. Quevedo, G. Dyer, E. Gaul, M. Martinez, A. C. Bernstein, T. Borger, M. Spinks, M. Donovan, V. Khudik, G. Shvets, T. Ditmire, M. C. Downer, “Quasi-monoenergetic laser-plasma acceleration of electrons to 2 GeV,” Nat Commun 4, 1988 (2013).
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Divall, E. J.

S. Kneip, S. R. Nagel, S. F. Martins, S. P. D. Mangles, C. Bellei, O. Chekhlov, R. J. Clarke, N. Delerue, E. J. Divall, G. Doucas, K. Ertel, F. Fiuza, R. Fonseca, P. Foster, S. J. Hawkes, C. J. Hooker, K. Krushelnick, W. B. Mori, C. A. J. Palmer, K. T. Phuoc, P. P. Rajeev, J. Schreiber, M. J. V. Streeter, D. Urner, J. Vieira, L. O. Silva, Z. Najmudin, “Near-GeV acceleration of electrons by a nonlinear plasma wave driven by a self-guided laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(3), 035002 (2009).
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S. P. Mangles, C. D. Murphy, Z. Najmudin, A. G. R. Thomas, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, E. J. Divall, P. S. Foster, J. G. Gallacher, C. J. Hooker, D. A. Jaroszynski, A. J. Langley, W. B. Mori, P. A. Norreys, F. S. Tsung, R. Viskup, B. R. Walton, K. Krushelnick, “Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser-plasma interactions,” Nature 431(7008), 535–538 (2004).
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Donovan, M.

X. M. Wang, R. Zgadzaj, N. Fazel, Z. Y. Li, S. A. Yi, X. Zhang, W. Henderson, Y. Y. Chang, R. Korzekwa, H. E. Tsai, C. H. Pai, H. Quevedo, G. Dyer, E. Gaul, M. Martinez, A. C. Bernstein, T. Borger, M. Spinks, M. Donovan, V. Khudik, G. Shvets, T. Ditmire, M. C. Downer, “Quasi-monoenergetic laser-plasma acceleration of electrons to 2 GeV,” Nat Commun 4, 1988 (2013).
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Doucas, G.

S. Kneip, S. R. Nagel, S. F. Martins, S. P. D. Mangles, C. Bellei, O. Chekhlov, R. J. Clarke, N. Delerue, E. J. Divall, G. Doucas, K. Ertel, F. Fiuza, R. Fonseca, P. Foster, S. J. Hawkes, C. J. Hooker, K. Krushelnick, W. B. Mori, C. A. J. Palmer, K. T. Phuoc, P. P. Rajeev, J. Schreiber, M. J. V. Streeter, D. Urner, J. Vieira, L. O. Silva, Z. Najmudin, “Near-GeV acceleration of electrons by a nonlinear plasma wave driven by a self-guided laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(3), 035002 (2009).
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Dowell, D.

Y. Ding, A. Brachmann, F. J. Decker, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, A. Miahnahri, H. D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, “Measurements and simulations of ultralow emittance and ultrashort electron beams in the linac coherent light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 254801 (2009).
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Downer, M.

K. Nakajima, D. Fisher, T. Kawakubo, H. Nakanishi, A. Ogata, Y. Kato, Y. Kitagawa, R. Kodama, K. Mima, H. Shiraga, K. Suzuki, K. Yamakawa, T. Zhang, Y. Sakawa, T. Shoji, Y. Nishida, N. Yugami, M. Downer, T. Tajima, “Observation of ultrahigh gradient electron acceleration by a self-modulated intense short laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(22), 4428–4431 (1995).
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Downer, M. C.

X. M. Wang, R. Zgadzaj, N. Fazel, Z. Y. Li, S. A. Yi, X. Zhang, W. Henderson, Y. Y. Chang, R. Korzekwa, H. E. Tsai, C. H. Pai, H. Quevedo, G. Dyer, E. Gaul, M. Martinez, A. C. Bernstein, T. Borger, M. Spinks, M. Donovan, V. Khudik, G. Shvets, T. Ditmire, M. C. Downer, “Quasi-monoenergetic laser-plasma acceleration of electrons to 2 GeV,” Nat Commun 4, 1988 (2013).
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Dyer, G.

X. M. Wang, R. Zgadzaj, N. Fazel, Z. Y. Li, S. A. Yi, X. Zhang, W. Henderson, Y. Y. Chang, R. Korzekwa, H. E. Tsai, C. H. Pai, H. Quevedo, G. Dyer, E. Gaul, M. Martinez, A. C. Bernstein, T. Borger, M. Spinks, M. Donovan, V. Khudik, G. Shvets, T. Ditmire, M. C. Downer, “Quasi-monoenergetic laser-plasma acceleration of electrons to 2 GeV,” Nat Commun 4, 1988 (2013).
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Emma, P.

Y. Ding, A. Brachmann, F. J. Decker, D. Dowell, P. Emma, J. Frisch, S. Gilevich, G. Hays, Ph. Hering, Z. Huang, R. Iverson, H. Loos, A. Miahnahri, H. D. Nuhn, D. Ratner, J. Turner, J. Welch, W. White, J. Wu, “Measurements and simulations of ultralow emittance and ultrashort electron beams in the linac coherent light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 254801 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ersfeld, B.

E. Brunetti, R. P. Shanks, G. G. Manahan, M. R. Islam, B. Ersfeld, M. P. Anania, S. Cipiccia, R. C. Issac, G. Raj, G. Vieux, G. H. Welsh, S. M. Wiggins, D. A. Jaroszynski, “Low emittance, high brilliance relativistic electron beams from a laser-plasma accelerator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(21), 215007 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ertel, K.

S. Kneip, S. R. Nagel, S. F. Martins, S. P. D. Mangles, C. Bellei, O. Chekhlov, R. J. Clarke, N. Delerue, E. J. Divall, G. Doucas, K. Ertel, F. Fiuza, R. Fonseca, P. Foster, S. J. Hawkes, C. J. Hooker, K. Krushelnick, W. B. Mori, C. A. J. Palmer, K. T. Phuoc, P. P. Rajeev, J. Schreiber, M. J. V. Streeter, D. Urner, J. Vieira, L. O. Silva, Z. Najmudin, “Near-GeV acceleration of electrons by a nonlinear plasma wave driven by a self-guided laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(3), 035002 (2009).
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Esarey, E.

G. R. Plateau, C. G. R. Geddes, D. B. Thorn, M. Chen, C. Benedetti, E. Esarey, A. J. Gonsalves, N. H. Matlis, K. Nakamura, C. B. Schroeder, S. Shiraishi, T. Sokollik, J. van Tilborg, C. Toth, S. Trotsenko, T. S. Kim, M. Battaglia, T. Stöhlker, W. P. Leemans, “Low-emittance electron bunches from a laser-plasma accelerator measured using Single-Shot X-Ray spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(6), 064802 (2012).
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E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, W. P. Leemans, “Physics of laser-driven plasma-based electron accelerators,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(3), 1229–1285 (2009).
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W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
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C. G. R. Geddes, C. S. Toth, J. Van Tilborg, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, D. Bruhwiler, C. Nieter, J. Cary, W. P. Leemans, “High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding,” Nature 431(7008), 538–541 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. I. Moore, A. Ting, K. Krushelnick, E. Esarey, R. F. Hubbard, B. Hafizi, H. R. Burris, C. Manka, P. Sprangle, “Electron trapping in self-modulated laser wakefields by Raman backscatter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79(20), 3909–3912 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Faure, J.

J. Faure, Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J. P. Rousseau, F. Burgy, V. Malka, “A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams,” Nature 431(7008), 541–544 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fazel, N.

X. M. Wang, R. Zgadzaj, N. Fazel, Z. Y. Li, S. A. Yi, X. Zhang, W. Henderson, Y. Y. Chang, R. Korzekwa, H. E. Tsai, C. H. Pai, H. Quevedo, G. Dyer, E. Gaul, M. Martinez, A. C. Bernstein, T. Borger, M. Spinks, M. Donovan, V. Khudik, G. Shvets, T. Ditmire, M. C. Downer, “Quasi-monoenergetic laser-plasma acceleration of electrons to 2 GeV,” Nat Commun 4, 1988 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fedosejevs, R.

Z. L. Chen, C. Unick, N. Vafaei-Najafabadi, Y. Y. Tsui, R. Fedosejevs, N. Naseri, P. E. Masson-Laborde, W. Rozmus, “Quasi-monoenergetic electron beams generated from 7 TW laser pulses in N2 and He gas targets,” Laser Part. Beams 26(02), 147–155 (2008).
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T. Hosokai, K. Kinoshita, T. Watanabe, K. Yoshii, T. Ueda, A. Zhidokov, M. Uesaka, K. Nakajima, M. Kando, and H. Kotaki, “Supersonic gas jet target for generation of relativistic electrons with 12 TW-50 fs laser pulse,” presented at the Proc. EPAC, Paris,France, 3–7 Jun. 2002.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: the figures near the Optical Spectrometer show the typical transmitted light spectrums at different backpressures. The dash line and the vertical arrows indicate the positions of the main laser (about 806 nm) and the positions of the anti-Stokes’s peaks, respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experiment results: typical top-view and shadow-view images are showed in (a) and (b), respectively. Pressure-dependent plasma densities are calculated from the corresponding transmitted light spectrum and presented in (c). Quasi-monoenergetic beams can only be generated in backing pressure between the red dashed lines in (c). Electron beam profile obtained on an 18 µm Al foil wrapped phosphor screen and spectra obtained after the dispersive magnet are shown in (d) and (e), respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Electron beam divergence angles for the pressure equals 5.0 MPa (blue triangle) and 6.5 MPa, respectively. For each pressure, we select 9consecutive shots. Typical images for electron beam profile were presented for the pressure equals 5.0 MPa (b) and 6.5MPa (c), respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Simulation results: 2D snapshots of plasma density (a-d) and laser pulse spatial evolution (e-h) at time t1 = 0.06 mm/c (4(a) and 4(e)), t2 = 0.4 mm/c (4(b) and 4(f)), t3 = 0.9 mm/c (4(c) and 4(g)) and t4 = 1.1 mm/c (4(d) and 4(h)).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Comparison of simulation (blue) and experimental (red dashed) electron energy spectra.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of NDA and Energy Spreads in Different LPA Experiments

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