Abstract

In this paper, we propose and demonstrate optical signal to noise ratio (OSNR) monitoring method for polarization-division-multiplexing (PDM) signal by using the uncorrelated signal power, which is generated by balanced subtraction in electrical domain. The proposed OSNR monitoring is insensitive to dispersion impairment by using low bandwidth receiver. The proposed OSNR monitoring method is tested from 5 dB to 27.5 dB in 100-Gb/s PDM-QPSK system experimentally.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. Charlet, J. Renaudier, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, O. B. Pardo, F. Verluise, M. Achouche, A. Boutin, F. Blache, J.-Y. Dupuy, S. Bigo, “Transmission of 16.4-Tbit/s capacity over 2550 km using PDM QPSK modulation format and coherent receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(3), 153–157 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Z. Pan, C. Yu, A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 20–45 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. H. Lee, D. K. Jung, C. H. Kim, Y. C. Chung, “OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(1), 88–90 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, P. K. A. Wai, “OSNR monitoring for RZ-DQPSK systems using half-symbol delay-tap sampling technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 823–825 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Z. Chen, L. Yan, A. Yi, W. Pan, B. Luo, “Simultaneous OSNR monitoring for two polarization tributaries of a PDM signal using a polarization-diversity nonlinear loop mirror based on FWM,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(14), 2376–2381 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  6. X. Liu, Y. H. Kao, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Kang, S. Cabot, L. L. Buhl, “OSNR monitoring method for OOK and DPSK based on optical delay interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(15), 1172–1174 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, W. Daab, M. Ziyadi, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, D. Rogawski, M. Tur, J. D. Touch, V. Vusirikala, W. Zhao, A. E. Willner, “Demonstration of WDM OSNR performance monitoring and operating guidelines for Pol-Muxed 200-Gbit/s 16-QAM and 100-Gbit/s QPSK data channels,” OFC, OTh3B.6, (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. Flood, W. H. Guo, D. Reid, M. Lynch, A. L. Bradley, L. P. Barry, J. F. Donegan, “In-band OSNR monitoring using a pair of Michelson fiber interferometers,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3618–3625 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. W. Chen, R. S. Tucker, X. Yi, W. Shieh, J. S. Evans, “Optical signal to noise ratio monitoring using uncorrelated beat noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(11), 2484–2486 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Yu, J. Yang, C. Yu, “Low cost and CD insensitive optical signal to noise ratio monitoring method using beat noise,” in Proc. IEEE International Conference on Communication Systems (ICCS), 41–44, 2012.
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

2010 (3)

E. Flood, W. H. Guo, D. Reid, M. Lynch, A. L. Bradley, L. P. Barry, J. F. Donegan, “In-band OSNR monitoring using a pair of Michelson fiber interferometers,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3618–3625 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Pan, C. Yu, A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 20–45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, P. K. A. Wai, “OSNR monitoring for RZ-DQPSK systems using half-symbol delay-tap sampling technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 823–825 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

X. Liu, Y. H. Kao, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Kang, S. Cabot, L. L. Buhl, “OSNR monitoring method for OOK and DPSK based on optical delay interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(15), 1172–1174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

W. Chen, R. S. Tucker, X. Yi, W. Shieh, J. S. Evans, “Optical signal to noise ratio monitoring using uncorrelated beat noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(11), 2484–2486 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

J. H. Lee, D. K. Jung, C. H. Kim, Y. C. Chung, “OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(1), 88–90 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Achouche, M.

Barry, L. P.

Bigo, S.

Blache, F.

Boutin, A.

Bradley, A. L.

Buhl, L. L.

X. Liu, Y. H. Kao, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Kang, S. Cabot, L. L. Buhl, “OSNR monitoring method for OOK and DPSK based on optical delay interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(15), 1172–1174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cabot, S.

X. Liu, Y. H. Kao, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Kang, S. Cabot, L. L. Buhl, “OSNR monitoring method for OOK and DPSK based on optical delay interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(15), 1172–1174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chandrasekhar, S.

X. Liu, Y. H. Kao, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Kang, S. Cabot, L. L. Buhl, “OSNR monitoring method for OOK and DPSK based on optical delay interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(15), 1172–1174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Charlet, G.

Chen, W.

W. Chen, R. S. Tucker, X. Yi, W. Shieh, J. S. Evans, “Optical signal to noise ratio monitoring using uncorrelated beat noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(11), 2484–2486 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z.

Chitgarha, M. R.

M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, W. Daab, M. Ziyadi, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, D. Rogawski, M. Tur, J. D. Touch, V. Vusirikala, W. Zhao, A. E. Willner, “Demonstration of WDM OSNR performance monitoring and operating guidelines for Pol-Muxed 200-Gbit/s 16-QAM and 100-Gbit/s QPSK data channels,” OFC, OTh3B.6, (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y. C.

J. H. Lee, D. K. Jung, C. H. Kim, Y. C. Chung, “OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(1), 88–90 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Daab, W.

M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, W. Daab, M. Ziyadi, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, D. Rogawski, M. Tur, J. D. Touch, V. Vusirikala, W. Zhao, A. E. Willner, “Demonstration of WDM OSNR performance monitoring and operating guidelines for Pol-Muxed 200-Gbit/s 16-QAM and 100-Gbit/s QPSK data channels,” OFC, OTh3B.6, (2013).
[CrossRef]

Donegan, J. F.

Dupuy, J.-Y.

Evans, J. S.

W. Chen, R. S. Tucker, X. Yi, W. Shieh, J. S. Evans, “Optical signal to noise ratio monitoring using uncorrelated beat noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(11), 2484–2486 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Flood, E.

Guo, W. H.

Jung, D. K.

J. H. Lee, D. K. Jung, C. H. Kim, Y. C. Chung, “OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(1), 88–90 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kang, I.

X. Liu, Y. H. Kao, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Kang, S. Cabot, L. L. Buhl, “OSNR monitoring method for OOK and DPSK based on optical delay interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(15), 1172–1174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kao, Y. H.

X. Liu, Y. H. Kao, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Kang, S. Cabot, L. L. Buhl, “OSNR monitoring method for OOK and DPSK based on optical delay interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(15), 1172–1174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Khaleghi, S.

M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, W. Daab, M. Ziyadi, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, D. Rogawski, M. Tur, J. D. Touch, V. Vusirikala, W. Zhao, A. E. Willner, “Demonstration of WDM OSNR performance monitoring and operating guidelines for Pol-Muxed 200-Gbit/s 16-QAM and 100-Gbit/s QPSK data channels,” OFC, OTh3B.6, (2013).
[CrossRef]

Khan, F. N.

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, P. K. A. Wai, “OSNR monitoring for RZ-DQPSK systems using half-symbol delay-tap sampling technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 823–825 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C. H.

J. H. Lee, D. K. Jung, C. H. Kim, Y. C. Chung, “OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(1), 88–90 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lau, A. P. T.

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, P. K. A. Wai, “OSNR monitoring for RZ-DQPSK systems using half-symbol delay-tap sampling technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 823–825 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. H.

J. H. Lee, D. K. Jung, C. H. Kim, Y. C. Chung, “OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(1), 88–90 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, P. K. A. Wai, “OSNR monitoring for RZ-DQPSK systems using half-symbol delay-tap sampling technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 823–825 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, Y. H. Kao, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Kang, S. Cabot, L. L. Buhl, “OSNR monitoring method for OOK and DPSK based on optical delay interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(15), 1172–1174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, P. K. A. Wai, “OSNR monitoring for RZ-DQPSK systems using half-symbol delay-tap sampling technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 823–825 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Luo, B.

Lynch, M.

Mardoyan, H.

Mohajerin-Ariaei, A.

M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, W. Daab, M. Ziyadi, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, D. Rogawski, M. Tur, J. D. Touch, V. Vusirikala, W. Zhao, A. E. Willner, “Demonstration of WDM OSNR performance monitoring and operating guidelines for Pol-Muxed 200-Gbit/s 16-QAM and 100-Gbit/s QPSK data channels,” OFC, OTh3B.6, (2013).
[CrossRef]

Pan, W.

Pan, Z.

Z. Pan, C. Yu, A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 20–45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pardo, O. B.

Reid, D.

Renaudier, J.

Rogawski, D.

M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, W. Daab, M. Ziyadi, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, D. Rogawski, M. Tur, J. D. Touch, V. Vusirikala, W. Zhao, A. E. Willner, “Demonstration of WDM OSNR performance monitoring and operating guidelines for Pol-Muxed 200-Gbit/s 16-QAM and 100-Gbit/s QPSK data channels,” OFC, OTh3B.6, (2013).
[CrossRef]

Shieh, W.

W. Chen, R. S. Tucker, X. Yi, W. Shieh, J. S. Evans, “Optical signal to noise ratio monitoring using uncorrelated beat noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(11), 2484–2486 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Touch, J. D.

M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, W. Daab, M. Ziyadi, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, D. Rogawski, M. Tur, J. D. Touch, V. Vusirikala, W. Zhao, A. E. Willner, “Demonstration of WDM OSNR performance monitoring and operating guidelines for Pol-Muxed 200-Gbit/s 16-QAM and 100-Gbit/s QPSK data channels,” OFC, OTh3B.6, (2013).
[CrossRef]

Tran, P.

Tucker, R. S.

W. Chen, R. S. Tucker, X. Yi, W. Shieh, J. S. Evans, “Optical signal to noise ratio monitoring using uncorrelated beat noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(11), 2484–2486 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tur, M.

M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, W. Daab, M. Ziyadi, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, D. Rogawski, M. Tur, J. D. Touch, V. Vusirikala, W. Zhao, A. E. Willner, “Demonstration of WDM OSNR performance monitoring and operating guidelines for Pol-Muxed 200-Gbit/s 16-QAM and 100-Gbit/s QPSK data channels,” OFC, OTh3B.6, (2013).
[CrossRef]

Verluise, F.

Vusirikala, V.

M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, W. Daab, M. Ziyadi, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, D. Rogawski, M. Tur, J. D. Touch, V. Vusirikala, W. Zhao, A. E. Willner, “Demonstration of WDM OSNR performance monitoring and operating guidelines for Pol-Muxed 200-Gbit/s 16-QAM and 100-Gbit/s QPSK data channels,” OFC, OTh3B.6, (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wai, P. K. A.

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, P. K. A. Wai, “OSNR monitoring for RZ-DQPSK systems using half-symbol delay-tap sampling technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 823–825 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

Z. Pan, C. Yu, A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 20–45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, W. Daab, M. Ziyadi, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, D. Rogawski, M. Tur, J. D. Touch, V. Vusirikala, W. Zhao, A. E. Willner, “Demonstration of WDM OSNR performance monitoring and operating guidelines for Pol-Muxed 200-Gbit/s 16-QAM and 100-Gbit/s QPSK data channels,” OFC, OTh3B.6, (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yan, L.

Yang, J.

Y. Yu, J. Yang, C. Yu, “Low cost and CD insensitive optical signal to noise ratio monitoring method using beat noise,” in Proc. IEEE International Conference on Communication Systems (ICCS), 41–44, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Yi, A.

Yi, X.

W. Chen, R. S. Tucker, X. Yi, W. Shieh, J. S. Evans, “Optical signal to noise ratio monitoring using uncorrelated beat noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(11), 2484–2486 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yu, C.

Z. Pan, C. Yu, A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 20–45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yu, J. Yang, C. Yu, “Low cost and CD insensitive optical signal to noise ratio monitoring method using beat noise,” in Proc. IEEE International Conference on Communication Systems (ICCS), 41–44, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y.

Y. Yu, J. Yang, C. Yu, “Low cost and CD insensitive optical signal to noise ratio monitoring method using beat noise,” in Proc. IEEE International Conference on Communication Systems (ICCS), 41–44, 2012.
[CrossRef]

Zhao, W.

M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, W. Daab, M. Ziyadi, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, D. Rogawski, M. Tur, J. D. Touch, V. Vusirikala, W. Zhao, A. E. Willner, “Demonstration of WDM OSNR performance monitoring and operating guidelines for Pol-Muxed 200-Gbit/s 16-QAM and 100-Gbit/s QPSK data channels,” OFC, OTh3B.6, (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ziyadi, M.

M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, W. Daab, M. Ziyadi, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, D. Rogawski, M. Tur, J. D. Touch, V. Vusirikala, W. Zhao, A. E. Willner, “Demonstration of WDM OSNR performance monitoring and operating guidelines for Pol-Muxed 200-Gbit/s 16-QAM and 100-Gbit/s QPSK data channels,” OFC, OTh3B.6, (2013).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

J. H. Lee, D. K. Jung, C. H. Kim, Y. C. Chung, “OSNR monitoring technique using polarization-nulling method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(1), 88–90 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. N. Khan, A. P. T. Lau, Z. Li, C. Lu, P. K. A. Wai, “OSNR monitoring for RZ-DQPSK systems using half-symbol delay-tap sampling technique,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 823–825 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Y. H. Kao, S. Chandrasekhar, I. Kang, S. Cabot, L. L. Buhl, “OSNR monitoring method for OOK and DPSK based on optical delay interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(15), 1172–1174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Chen, R. S. Tucker, X. Yi, W. Shieh, J. S. Evans, “Optical signal to noise ratio monitoring using uncorrelated beat noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(11), 2484–2486 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

Z. Pan, C. Yu, A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 20–45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

Y. Yu, J. Yang, C. Yu, “Low cost and CD insensitive optical signal to noise ratio monitoring method using beat noise,” in Proc. IEEE International Conference on Communication Systems (ICCS), 41–44, 2012.
[CrossRef]

M. R. Chitgarha, S. Khaleghi, W. Daab, M. Ziyadi, A. Mohajerin-Ariaei, D. Rogawski, M. Tur, J. D. Touch, V. Vusirikala, W. Zhao, A. E. Willner, “Demonstration of WDM OSNR performance monitoring and operating guidelines for Pol-Muxed 200-Gbit/s 16-QAM and 100-Gbit/s QPSK data channels,” OFC, OTh3B.6, (2013).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic diagram of the experimental setup for uncorrelated signal generation by using balanced subtraction. (b) Optical spectrums of the input signals of the balanced receiver.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup of the optical transmission system used for OSNR monitoring demonstration.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Eye diagrams of correlated signal and uncorrelated signal in 10-Gb/s NRZ-OOK. (b) The proposed power ratio is as function to OSNR value in both single and duo polarization systems. SP: 50-Gb/s QPSK; DP: 100-Gb/s PDM-QPSK.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The OSNR monitoring performance of 100-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signals in the presence of (a) 1st order PMD, (b) CD.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The dispersion induced OSNR monitoring errors comparison between low bandwidth scheme and high bandwidth scheme for OSNR at different values (10 dB, 15 dB and 20 dB) in 100-Gb/s PDM-QPSK system. (a) 1st order PMD. (b) CD. LB: low bandwidth receiver; HB: high bandwidth receiver.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The time mismatch tolerance comparison between low bandwidth scheme and high bandwidth scheme at different OSNR values (10 dB, 15 dB and 20 dB) in 100-Gb/s PDM-QPSK system.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P UN α P S +β P N
P ref ϕ P S +γ P N
OSNR= P S NEB P N B r =f( P ref P UN )

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