Abstract

We report on a single-frequency semiconductor disk laser which generates 23.6 W output power in continuous wave operation, at a wavelength of 1013 nm. The high output power is a result of optimizing the chip design, thermal management and the cavity configuration. By applying passive stabilization techniques, the free-running linewidth is measured to be 407 kHz for a sampling time of 1 ms, while undercutting 100 kHz in the microsecond domain.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. Heinen, T.-L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516–517 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Leinonen, S. Ranta, M. Tavast, R. Epstein, G. Fetzer, N. Sandalphon, N. Van Lieu, M. Guina, “High power (23W) vertical external cavity surface emitting laser emitting at 1180 nm,” Proc. SPIE 8606, 860604 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Laurain, C. Mart, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, “Optical noise of stabilized high-power single frequency optically pumped semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1573–1576 (2014).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Laurain, C. Mart, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, “15 W single frequency optically pumped semiconductor laser with sub-megahertz linewidth,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(2), 131–133 (2014).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Rantamaki, A. Chamorovskiy, J. Lyytikainen, O. Okhotnikov, “4.6-W single frequency semiconductor disk laser with <75 kHz linewidth,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(16), 1378–1380 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Kaspar, M. Rattunde, T. Topper, B. Rosener, C. Manz, K. Kohler, J. Wagner, “Linewidth narrowing and power scaling of single-frequency 2.X µm GaSb-based semiconductor disk lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(3), 314–324 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Kaneda, J. M. Yarborough, L. Li, N. Peyghambarian, L. Fan, C. Hessenius, M. Fallahi, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, Y. Honda, M. Nishioka, Y. Shimizu, K. Miyazono, H. Shimatani, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, Y. Kitaoka, T. Sasaki, “Continuous-wave all-solid-state 244 nm deep-ultraviolet laser source by fourth-harmonic generation of an optically pumped semiconductor laser using CsLiB6O10 in an external resonator,” Opt. Lett. 33(15), 1705–1707 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Rahim, A. Khiar, F. Felder, M. Fill, H. Zogg, M. W. Sigrist, “5-μm vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser (VECSEL) for spectroscopic applications,” Appl. Phys. B 100(2), 261–264 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. W. J. Alford, G. J. Fetzer, R. J. Epstein, N. Sandalphon, S. Van Lieu, M. Ranta, T. Tavast, Leinonen, M. Guina, “Optically pumped semiconductor lasers for precision spectroscopic applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(8), 719–727 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. Cocquelin, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, I. Sagnes, A. Garnache, “Design of a low-threshold VECSEL emitting at 852 nm for Cesium atomic clocks,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 40(2–4), 167–173 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Ranta, M. Tavast, T. Leinonen, R. Epstein, M. Guina, “Narrow linewidth 1118/559 nm VECSEL based on strain compensated GaInAs/GaAs quantum-wells for laser cooling of Mg-ions,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(8), 1011–1019 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, F. Zhang, B. Heinen, M. Scheller, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, J. V. Moloney, S. W. Koch, M. Koch, “Evolution of multi-mode operation in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 21(26), 31940–31950 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. Scheller, J. M. Yarborough, J. V. Moloney, M. Fallahi, M. Koch, S. W. Koch, “Room temperature continuous wave milliwatt terahertz source,” Opt. Express 18(26), 27112–27117 (2010).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  20. A. R. Albrecht, Y. Wang, M. Ghasemkhani, D. V. Seletskiy, J. G. Cederberg, M. Sheik-Bahae, “Exploring ultrafast negative Kerr effect for mode-locking vertical external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28801–28808 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. K. G. Wilcox, A. C. Tropper, “Comment on SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7(3), 422–423 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  22. J. V. Moloney, I. Kilen, A. Bäumner, M. Scheller, S. W. Koch, “Nonequilibrium and thermal effects in mode-locked VECSELs,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6422–6427 (2014).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. M. Gaafar, C. Möller, M. Wichmann, B. Heinen, B. Kunert, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, M. Koch, “Harmonic self-mode-locking of an optically pumped semiconductor disc laser,” Electron. Lett. 50(7), 542–543 (2014).
    [CrossRef]
  24. M. A. Holm, D. Burns, A. I. Ferguson, M. D. Dawson, “Actively stabilized single-frequency vertical-external-cavity AlGaAs laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(12), 1551–1553 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  25. L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J. T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A. R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, W. Stolz, S. W. Koch, “Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(2), 021105 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  26. B. Heinen, F. Zhang, M. Sparenberg, B. Kunert, M. Koch, W. Stolz, “On the measurement of the thermal resistance of vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VECSELs),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(7), 934–940 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2014 (4)

A. Laurain, C. Mart, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, “15 W single frequency optically pumped semiconductor laser with sub-megahertz linewidth,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(2), 131–133 (2014).
[CrossRef]

M. Gaafar, C. Möller, M. Wichmann, B. Heinen, B. Kunert, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, M. Koch, “Harmonic self-mode-locking of an optically pumped semiconductor disc laser,” Electron. Lett. 50(7), 542–543 (2014).
[CrossRef]

A. Laurain, C. Mart, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, “Optical noise of stabilized high-power single frequency optically pumped semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1573–1576 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. V. Moloney, I. Kilen, A. Bäumner, M. Scheller, S. W. Koch, “Nonequilibrium and thermal effects in mode-locked VECSELs,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6422–6427 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013 (8)

K. G. Wilcox, A. C. Tropper, H. E. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, B. Kunert, B. Heinen, W. Stolz, “4.35 kW peak power femtosecond pulse mode-locked VECSEL for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1599–1605 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Mangold, V. J. Wittwer, C. A. Zaugg, S. M. Link, M. Golling, B. W. Tilma, U. Keller, “Femtosecond pulses from a modelocked integrated external-cavity surface emitting laser (MIXSEL),” Opt. Express 21(21), 24904–24911 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. R. Albrecht, Y. Wang, M. Ghasemkhani, D. V. Seletskiy, J. G. Cederberg, M. Sheik-Bahae, “Exploring ultrafast negative Kerr effect for mode-locking vertical external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28801–28808 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, F. Zhang, B. Heinen, M. Scheller, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, J. V. Moloney, S. W. Koch, M. Koch, “Evolution of multi-mode operation in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 21(26), 31940–31950 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. G. Wilcox, A. C. Tropper, “Comment on SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7(3), 422–423 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Kaspar, M. Rattunde, T. Topper, B. Rosener, C. Manz, K. Kohler, J. Wagner, “Linewidth narrowing and power scaling of single-frequency 2.X µm GaSb-based semiconductor disk lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(3), 314–324 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Alford, G. J. Fetzer, R. J. Epstein, N. Sandalphon, S. Van Lieu, M. Ranta, T. Tavast, Leinonen, M. Guina, “Optically pumped semiconductor lasers for precision spectroscopic applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(8), 719–727 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Leinonen, S. Ranta, M. Tavast, R. Epstein, G. Fetzer, N. Sandalphon, N. Van Lieu, M. Guina, “High power (23W) vertical external cavity surface emitting laser emitting at 1180 nm,” Proc. SPIE 8606, 860604 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (6)

A. Chernikov, M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, M. Scheller, J. V. Moloney, S. W. Koch, M. Koch, “Time-dynamics of the two-color emission from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(4), 041114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Rantamaki, A. Chamorovskiy, J. Lyytikainen, O. Okhotnikov, “4.6-W single frequency semiconductor disk laser with <75 kHz linewidth,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(16), 1378–1380 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Heinen, F. Zhang, M. Sparenberg, B. Kunert, M. Koch, W. Stolz, “On the measurement of the thermal resistance of vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VECSELs),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(7), 934–940 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Heinen, T.-L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516–517 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Kornaszewski, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Butkus, E. U. Rafailov, C. J. Hamilton, “SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6(6), L20–L23 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Ranta, M. Tavast, T. Leinonen, R. Epstein, M. Guina, “Narrow linewidth 1118/559 nm VECSEL based on strain compensated GaInAs/GaAs quantum-wells for laser cooling of Mg-ions,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(8), 1011–1019 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

M. Scheller, J. M. Yarborough, J. V. Moloney, M. Fallahi, M. Koch, S. W. Koch, “Room temperature continuous wave milliwatt terahertz source,” Opt. Express 18(26), 27112–27117 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rahim, A. Khiar, F. Felder, M. Fill, H. Zogg, M. W. Sigrist, “5-μm vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser (VECSEL) for spectroscopic applications,” Appl. Phys. B 100(2), 261–264 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

K. G. Wilcox, F. Rutz, R. Wilk, H. D. Foreman, J. S. Roberts, J. Sigmund, H. L. Hartnagel, M. Koch, A. C. Tropper, “Terahertz imaging system based on LT-GaAsSb antenna driven by all-semiconductor femtosecond source,” Electron. Lett. 42(20), 1159–1160 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J. T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A. R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, W. Stolz, S. W. Koch, “Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(2), 021105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

1999 (1)

M. A. Holm, D. Burns, A. I. Ferguson, M. D. Dawson, “Actively stabilized single-frequency vertical-external-cavity AlGaAs laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(12), 1551–1553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Abram, R.

Albrecht, A. R.

Alford, W. J.

W. J. Alford, G. J. Fetzer, R. J. Epstein, N. Sandalphon, S. Van Lieu, M. Ranta, T. Tavast, Leinonen, M. Guina, “Optically pumped semiconductor lasers for precision spectroscopic applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(8), 719–727 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Bäumner, A.

Bedford, R.

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J. T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A. R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, W. Stolz, S. W. Koch, “Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(2), 021105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Beere, H. E.

Burns, D.

M. A. Holm, D. Burns, A. I. Ferguson, M. D. Dawson, “Actively stabilized single-frequency vertical-external-cavity AlGaAs laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(12), 1551–1553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Butkus, M.

L. Kornaszewski, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Butkus, E. U. Rafailov, C. J. Hamilton, “SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6(6), L20–L23 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cederberg, J. G.

Chamorovskiy, A.

A. Rantamaki, A. Chamorovskiy, J. Lyytikainen, O. Okhotnikov, “4.6-W single frequency semiconductor disk laser with <75 kHz linewidth,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(16), 1378–1380 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chernikov, A.

A. Chernikov, M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, M. Scheller, J. V. Moloney, S. W. Koch, M. Koch, “Time-dynamics of the two-color emission from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(4), 041114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cocquelin, B.

B. Cocquelin, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, I. Sagnes, A. Garnache, “Design of a low-threshold VECSEL emitting at 852 nm for Cesium atomic clocks,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 40(2–4), 167–173 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dawson, M. D.

M. A. Holm, D. Burns, A. I. Ferguson, M. D. Dawson, “Actively stabilized single-frequency vertical-external-cavity AlGaAs laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(12), 1551–1553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Epstein, R.

T. Leinonen, S. Ranta, M. Tavast, R. Epstein, G. Fetzer, N. Sandalphon, N. Van Lieu, M. Guina, “High power (23W) vertical external cavity surface emitting laser emitting at 1180 nm,” Proc. SPIE 8606, 860604 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Ranta, M. Tavast, T. Leinonen, R. Epstein, M. Guina, “Narrow linewidth 1118/559 nm VECSEL based on strain compensated GaInAs/GaAs quantum-wells for laser cooling of Mg-ions,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(8), 1011–1019 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Epstein, R. J.

W. J. Alford, G. J. Fetzer, R. J. Epstein, N. Sandalphon, S. Van Lieu, M. Ranta, T. Tavast, Leinonen, M. Guina, “Optically pumped semiconductor lasers for precision spectroscopic applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(8), 719–727 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Fallahi, M.

Fan, L.

Felder, F.

M. Rahim, A. Khiar, F. Felder, M. Fill, H. Zogg, M. W. Sigrist, “5-μm vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser (VECSEL) for spectroscopic applications,” Appl. Phys. B 100(2), 261–264 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, A. I.

M. A. Holm, D. Burns, A. I. Ferguson, M. D. Dawson, “Actively stabilized single-frequency vertical-external-cavity AlGaAs laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(12), 1551–1553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fetzer, G.

T. Leinonen, S. Ranta, M. Tavast, R. Epstein, G. Fetzer, N. Sandalphon, N. Van Lieu, M. Guina, “High power (23W) vertical external cavity surface emitting laser emitting at 1180 nm,” Proc. SPIE 8606, 860604 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Fetzer, G. J.

W. J. Alford, G. J. Fetzer, R. J. Epstein, N. Sandalphon, S. Van Lieu, M. Ranta, T. Tavast, Leinonen, M. Guina, “Optically pumped semiconductor lasers for precision spectroscopic applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(8), 719–727 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Fill, M.

M. Rahim, A. Khiar, F. Felder, M. Fill, H. Zogg, M. W. Sigrist, “5-μm vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser (VECSEL) for spectroscopic applications,” Appl. Phys. B 100(2), 261–264 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Foreman, H. D.

K. G. Wilcox, F. Rutz, R. Wilk, H. D. Foreman, J. S. Roberts, J. Sigmund, H. L. Hartnagel, M. Koch, A. C. Tropper, “Terahertz imaging system based on LT-GaAsSb antenna driven by all-semiconductor femtosecond source,” Electron. Lett. 42(20), 1159–1160 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gaafar, M.

M. Gaafar, C. Möller, M. Wichmann, B. Heinen, B. Kunert, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, M. Koch, “Harmonic self-mode-locking of an optically pumped semiconductor disc laser,” Electron. Lett. 50(7), 542–543 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Gardner, K.

Garnache, A.

B. Cocquelin, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, I. Sagnes, A. Garnache, “Design of a low-threshold VECSEL emitting at 852 nm for Cesium atomic clocks,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 40(2–4), 167–173 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Garnache, A. Ouvrard, D. Romanini, “Single-frequency operation of external-cavity VCSELs: non-linear multimode temporal dynamics and quantum limit,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9403–9417 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Georges, P.

B. Cocquelin, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, I. Sagnes, A. Garnache, “Design of a low-threshold VECSEL emitting at 852 nm for Cesium atomic clocks,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 40(2–4), 167–173 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ghasemkhani, M.

Golling, M.

Guina, M.

T. Leinonen, S. Ranta, M. Tavast, R. Epstein, G. Fetzer, N. Sandalphon, N. Van Lieu, M. Guina, “High power (23W) vertical external cavity surface emitting laser emitting at 1180 nm,” Proc. SPIE 8606, 860604 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Alford, G. J. Fetzer, R. J. Epstein, N. Sandalphon, S. Van Lieu, M. Ranta, T. Tavast, Leinonen, M. Guina, “Optically pumped semiconductor lasers for precision spectroscopic applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(8), 719–727 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Ranta, M. Tavast, T. Leinonen, R. Epstein, M. Guina, “Narrow linewidth 1118/559 nm VECSEL based on strain compensated GaInAs/GaAs quantum-wells for laser cooling of Mg-ions,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(8), 1011–1019 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hader, J.

A. Laurain, C. Mart, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, “15 W single frequency optically pumped semiconductor laser with sub-megahertz linewidth,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(2), 131–133 (2014).
[CrossRef]

A. Laurain, C. Mart, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, “Optical noise of stabilized high-power single frequency optically pumped semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1573–1576 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Heinen, T.-L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516–517 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kaneda, J. M. Yarborough, L. Li, N. Peyghambarian, L. Fan, C. Hessenius, M. Fallahi, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, Y. Honda, M. Nishioka, Y. Shimizu, K. Miyazono, H. Shimatani, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, Y. Kitaoka, T. Sasaki, “Continuous-wave all-solid-state 244 nm deep-ultraviolet laser source by fourth-harmonic generation of an optically pumped semiconductor laser using CsLiB6O10 in an external resonator,” Opt. Lett. 33(15), 1705–1707 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J. T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A. R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, W. Stolz, S. W. Koch, “Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(2), 021105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hamilton, C. J.

L. Kornaszewski, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Butkus, E. U. Rafailov, C. J. Hamilton, “SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6(6), L20–L23 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hartnagel, H. L.

K. G. Wilcox, F. Rutz, R. Wilk, H. D. Foreman, J. S. Roberts, J. Sigmund, H. L. Hartnagel, M. Koch, A. C. Tropper, “Terahertz imaging system based on LT-GaAsSb antenna driven by all-semiconductor femtosecond source,” Electron. Lett. 42(20), 1159–1160 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Heinen, B.

M. Gaafar, C. Möller, M. Wichmann, B. Heinen, B. Kunert, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, M. Koch, “Harmonic self-mode-locking of an optically pumped semiconductor disc laser,” Electron. Lett. 50(7), 542–543 (2014).
[CrossRef]

K. G. Wilcox, A. C. Tropper, H. E. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, B. Kunert, B. Heinen, W. Stolz, “4.35 kW peak power femtosecond pulse mode-locked VECSEL for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1599–1605 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, F. Zhang, B. Heinen, M. Scheller, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, J. V. Moloney, S. W. Koch, M. Koch, “Evolution of multi-mode operation in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 21(26), 31940–31950 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Heinen, F. Zhang, M. Sparenberg, B. Kunert, M. Koch, W. Stolz, “On the measurement of the thermal resistance of vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VECSELs),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(7), 934–940 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Heinen, T.-L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516–517 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hessenius, C.

Holm, M. A.

M. A. Holm, D. Burns, A. I. Ferguson, M. D. Dawson, “Actively stabilized single-frequency vertical-external-cavity AlGaAs laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(12), 1551–1553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Honda, Y.

Kaneda, Y.

Kaspar, S.

S. Kaspar, M. Rattunde, T. Topper, B. Rosener, C. Manz, K. Kohler, J. Wagner, “Linewidth narrowing and power scaling of single-frequency 2.X µm GaSb-based semiconductor disk lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(3), 314–324 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

Khiar, A.

M. Rahim, A. Khiar, F. Felder, M. Fill, H. Zogg, M. W. Sigrist, “5-μm vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser (VECSEL) for spectroscopic applications,” Appl. Phys. B 100(2), 261–264 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kilen, I.

Kitaoka, Y.

Koch, M.

M. Gaafar, C. Möller, M. Wichmann, B. Heinen, B. Kunert, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, M. Koch, “Harmonic self-mode-locking of an optically pumped semiconductor disc laser,” Electron. Lett. 50(7), 542–543 (2014).
[CrossRef]

M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, F. Zhang, B. Heinen, M. Scheller, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, J. V. Moloney, S. W. Koch, M. Koch, “Evolution of multi-mode operation in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 21(26), 31940–31950 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Chernikov, M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, M. Scheller, J. V. Moloney, S. W. Koch, M. Koch, “Time-dynamics of the two-color emission from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(4), 041114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Heinen, T.-L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516–517 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Heinen, F. Zhang, M. Sparenberg, B. Kunert, M. Koch, W. Stolz, “On the measurement of the thermal resistance of vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VECSELs),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(7), 934–940 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Scheller, J. M. Yarborough, J. V. Moloney, M. Fallahi, M. Koch, S. W. Koch, “Room temperature continuous wave milliwatt terahertz source,” Opt. Express 18(26), 27112–27117 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. G. Wilcox, F. Rutz, R. Wilk, H. D. Foreman, J. S. Roberts, J. Sigmund, H. L. Hartnagel, M. Koch, A. C. Tropper, “Terahertz imaging system based on LT-GaAsSb antenna driven by all-semiconductor femtosecond source,” Electron. Lett. 42(20), 1159–1160 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Koch, S. W.

J. V. Moloney, I. Kilen, A. Bäumner, M. Scheller, S. W. Koch, “Nonequilibrium and thermal effects in mode-locked VECSELs,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6422–6427 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, F. Zhang, B. Heinen, M. Scheller, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, J. V. Moloney, S. W. Koch, M. Koch, “Evolution of multi-mode operation in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 21(26), 31940–31950 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Chernikov, M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, M. Scheller, J. V. Moloney, S. W. Koch, M. Koch, “Time-dynamics of the two-color emission from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(4), 041114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Heinen, T.-L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516–517 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Scheller, J. M. Yarborough, J. V. Moloney, M. Fallahi, M. Koch, S. W. Koch, “Room temperature continuous wave milliwatt terahertz source,” Opt. Express 18(26), 27112–27117 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J. T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A. R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, W. Stolz, S. W. Koch, “Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(2), 021105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kohler, K.

S. Kaspar, M. Rattunde, T. Topper, B. Rosener, C. Manz, K. Kohler, J. Wagner, “Linewidth narrowing and power scaling of single-frequency 2.X µm GaSb-based semiconductor disk lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(3), 314–324 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kornaszewski, L.

L. Kornaszewski, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Butkus, E. U. Rafailov, C. J. Hamilton, “SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6(6), L20–L23 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kunert, B.

M. Gaafar, C. Möller, M. Wichmann, B. Heinen, B. Kunert, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, M. Koch, “Harmonic self-mode-locking of an optically pumped semiconductor disc laser,” Electron. Lett. 50(7), 542–543 (2014).
[CrossRef]

A. Laurain, C. Mart, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, “Optical noise of stabilized high-power single frequency optically pumped semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1573–1576 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Laurain, C. Mart, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, “15 W single frequency optically pumped semiconductor laser with sub-megahertz linewidth,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(2), 131–133 (2014).
[CrossRef]

K. G. Wilcox, A. C. Tropper, H. E. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, B. Kunert, B. Heinen, W. Stolz, “4.35 kW peak power femtosecond pulse mode-locked VECSEL for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1599–1605 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Heinen, F. Zhang, M. Sparenberg, B. Kunert, M. Koch, W. Stolz, “On the measurement of the thermal resistance of vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VECSELs),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(7), 934–940 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Heinen, T.-L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516–517 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Laurain, A.

A. Laurain, C. Mart, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, “15 W single frequency optically pumped semiconductor laser with sub-megahertz linewidth,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(2), 131–133 (2014).
[CrossRef]

A. Laurain, C. Mart, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, “Optical noise of stabilized high-power single frequency optically pumped semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1573–1576 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leinonen,

W. J. Alford, G. J. Fetzer, R. J. Epstein, N. Sandalphon, S. Van Lieu, M. Ranta, T. Tavast, Leinonen, M. Guina, “Optically pumped semiconductor lasers for precision spectroscopic applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(8), 719–727 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Leinonen, T.

T. Leinonen, S. Ranta, M. Tavast, R. Epstein, G. Fetzer, N. Sandalphon, N. Van Lieu, M. Guina, “High power (23W) vertical external cavity surface emitting laser emitting at 1180 nm,” Proc. SPIE 8606, 860604 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Ranta, M. Tavast, T. Leinonen, R. Epstein, M. Guina, “Narrow linewidth 1118/559 nm VECSEL based on strain compensated GaInAs/GaAs quantum-wells for laser cooling of Mg-ions,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(8), 1011–1019 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

Link, S. M.

Lucas-Leclin, G.

B. Cocquelin, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, I. Sagnes, A. Garnache, “Design of a low-threshold VECSEL emitting at 852 nm for Cesium atomic clocks,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 40(2–4), 167–173 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lyytikainen, J.

A. Rantamaki, A. Chamorovskiy, J. Lyytikainen, O. Okhotnikov, “4.6-W single frequency semiconductor disk laser with <75 kHz linewidth,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(16), 1378–1380 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Maker, G.

L. Kornaszewski, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Butkus, E. U. Rafailov, C. J. Hamilton, “SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6(6), L20–L23 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Malcolm, G. P. A.

L. Kornaszewski, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Butkus, E. U. Rafailov, C. J. Hamilton, “SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6(6), L20–L23 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mangold, M.

Manz, C.

S. Kaspar, M. Rattunde, T. Topper, B. Rosener, C. Manz, K. Kohler, J. Wagner, “Linewidth narrowing and power scaling of single-frequency 2.X µm GaSb-based semiconductor disk lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(3), 314–324 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Mart, C.

A. Laurain, C. Mart, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, “Optical noise of stabilized high-power single frequency optically pumped semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1573–1576 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Laurain, C. Mart, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, “15 W single frequency optically pumped semiconductor laser with sub-megahertz linewidth,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(2), 131–133 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Miyazono, K.

Möller, C.

M. Gaafar, C. Möller, M. Wichmann, B. Heinen, B. Kunert, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, M. Koch, “Harmonic self-mode-locking of an optically pumped semiconductor disc laser,” Electron. Lett. 50(7), 542–543 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Moloney, J. V.

J. V. Moloney, I. Kilen, A. Bäumner, M. Scheller, S. W. Koch, “Nonequilibrium and thermal effects in mode-locked VECSELs,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6422–6427 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Laurain, C. Mart, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, “Optical noise of stabilized high-power single frequency optically pumped semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1573–1576 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Laurain, C. Mart, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, “15 W single frequency optically pumped semiconductor laser with sub-megahertz linewidth,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(2), 131–133 (2014).
[CrossRef]

M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, F. Zhang, B. Heinen, M. Scheller, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, J. V. Moloney, S. W. Koch, M. Koch, “Evolution of multi-mode operation in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 21(26), 31940–31950 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Chernikov, M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, M. Scheller, J. V. Moloney, S. W. Koch, M. Koch, “Time-dynamics of the two-color emission from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(4), 041114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Heinen, T.-L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516–517 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Scheller, J. M. Yarborough, J. V. Moloney, M. Fallahi, M. Koch, S. W. Koch, “Room temperature continuous wave milliwatt terahertz source,” Opt. Express 18(26), 27112–27117 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Kaneda, J. M. Yarborough, L. Li, N. Peyghambarian, L. Fan, C. Hessenius, M. Fallahi, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, Y. Honda, M. Nishioka, Y. Shimizu, K. Miyazono, H. Shimatani, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, Y. Kitaoka, T. Sasaki, “Continuous-wave all-solid-state 244 nm deep-ultraviolet laser source by fourth-harmonic generation of an optically pumped semiconductor laser using CsLiB6O10 in an external resonator,” Opt. Lett. 33(15), 1705–1707 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J. T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A. R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, W. Stolz, S. W. Koch, “Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(2), 021105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mori, Y.

Murray, J. T.

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J. T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A. R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, W. Stolz, S. W. Koch, “Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(2), 021105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nishioka, M.

Okhotnikov, O.

A. Rantamaki, A. Chamorovskiy, J. Lyytikainen, O. Okhotnikov, “4.6-W single frequency semiconductor disk laser with <75 kHz linewidth,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(16), 1378–1380 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ouvrard, A.

Peyghambarian, N.

Rafailov, E. U.

L. Kornaszewski, G. Maker, G. P. A. Malcolm, M. Butkus, E. U. Rafailov, C. J. Hamilton, “SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photon. Rev. 6(6), L20–L23 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rahim, M.

M. Rahim, A. Khiar, F. Felder, M. Fill, H. Zogg, M. W. Sigrist, “5-μm vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser (VECSEL) for spectroscopic applications,” Appl. Phys. B 100(2), 261–264 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rahimi-Iman, A.

M. Gaafar, C. Möller, M. Wichmann, B. Heinen, B. Kunert, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, M. Koch, “Harmonic self-mode-locking of an optically pumped semiconductor disc laser,” Electron. Lett. 50(7), 542–543 (2014).
[CrossRef]

M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, F. Zhang, B. Heinen, M. Scheller, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, J. V. Moloney, S. W. Koch, M. Koch, “Evolution of multi-mode operation in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 21(26), 31940–31950 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ranta, M.

W. J. Alford, G. J. Fetzer, R. J. Epstein, N. Sandalphon, S. Van Lieu, M. Ranta, T. Tavast, Leinonen, M. Guina, “Optically pumped semiconductor lasers for precision spectroscopic applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(8), 719–727 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ranta, S.

T. Leinonen, S. Ranta, M. Tavast, R. Epstein, G. Fetzer, N. Sandalphon, N. Van Lieu, M. Guina, “High power (23W) vertical external cavity surface emitting laser emitting at 1180 nm,” Proc. SPIE 8606, 860604 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Ranta, M. Tavast, T. Leinonen, R. Epstein, M. Guina, “Narrow linewidth 1118/559 nm VECSEL based on strain compensated GaInAs/GaAs quantum-wells for laser cooling of Mg-ions,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(8), 1011–1019 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rantamaki, A.

A. Rantamaki, A. Chamorovskiy, J. Lyytikainen, O. Okhotnikov, “4.6-W single frequency semiconductor disk laser with <75 kHz linewidth,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(16), 1378–1380 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rattunde, M.

S. Kaspar, M. Rattunde, T. Topper, B. Rosener, C. Manz, K. Kohler, J. Wagner, “Linewidth narrowing and power scaling of single-frequency 2.X µm GaSb-based semiconductor disk lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(3), 314–324 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Riis, E.

Ritchie, D. A.

Roberts, J. S.

K. G. Wilcox, F. Rutz, R. Wilk, H. D. Foreman, J. S. Roberts, J. Sigmund, H. L. Hartnagel, M. Koch, A. C. Tropper, “Terahertz imaging system based on LT-GaAsSb antenna driven by all-semiconductor femtosecond source,” Electron. Lett. 42(20), 1159–1160 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Romanini, D.

Rosener, B.

S. Kaspar, M. Rattunde, T. Topper, B. Rosener, C. Manz, K. Kohler, J. Wagner, “Linewidth narrowing and power scaling of single-frequency 2.X µm GaSb-based semiconductor disk lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(3), 314–324 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Rutz, F.

K. G. Wilcox, F. Rutz, R. Wilk, H. D. Foreman, J. S. Roberts, J. Sigmund, H. L. Hartnagel, M. Koch, A. C. Tropper, “Terahertz imaging system based on LT-GaAsSb antenna driven by all-semiconductor femtosecond source,” Electron. Lett. 42(20), 1159–1160 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sagnes, I.

B. Cocquelin, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, I. Sagnes, A. Garnache, “Design of a low-threshold VECSEL emitting at 852 nm for Cesium atomic clocks,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 40(2–4), 167–173 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sandalphon, N.

T. Leinonen, S. Ranta, M. Tavast, R. Epstein, G. Fetzer, N. Sandalphon, N. Van Lieu, M. Guina, “High power (23W) vertical external cavity surface emitting laser emitting at 1180 nm,” Proc. SPIE 8606, 860604 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Alford, G. J. Fetzer, R. J. Epstein, N. Sandalphon, S. Van Lieu, M. Ranta, T. Tavast, Leinonen, M. Guina, “Optically pumped semiconductor lasers for precision spectroscopic applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(8), 719–727 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, T.

Scheller, M.

Seletskiy, D. V.

Shakfa, M. K.

M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, F. Zhang, B. Heinen, M. Scheller, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, J. V. Moloney, S. W. Koch, M. Koch, “Evolution of multi-mode operation in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 21(26), 31940–31950 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Chernikov, M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, M. Scheller, J. V. Moloney, S. W. Koch, M. Koch, “Time-dynamics of the two-color emission from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(4), 041114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sheik-Bahae, M.

Shimatani, H.

Shimizu, Y.

Sigmund, J.

K. G. Wilcox, F. Rutz, R. Wilk, H. D. Foreman, J. S. Roberts, J. Sigmund, H. L. Hartnagel, M. Koch, A. C. Tropper, “Terahertz imaging system based on LT-GaAsSb antenna driven by all-semiconductor femtosecond source,” Electron. Lett. 42(20), 1159–1160 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sigrist, M. W.

M. Rahim, A. Khiar, F. Felder, M. Fill, H. Zogg, M. W. Sigrist, “5-μm vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser (VECSEL) for spectroscopic applications,” Appl. Phys. B 100(2), 261–264 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sparenberg, M.

B. Heinen, F. Zhang, M. Sparenberg, B. Kunert, M. Koch, W. Stolz, “On the measurement of the thermal resistance of vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VECSELs),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(7), 934–940 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Heinen, T.-L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516–517 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Stolz, W.

M. Gaafar, C. Möller, M. Wichmann, B. Heinen, B. Kunert, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, M. Koch, “Harmonic self-mode-locking of an optically pumped semiconductor disc laser,” Electron. Lett. 50(7), 542–543 (2014).
[CrossRef]

A. Laurain, C. Mart, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, “15 W single frequency optically pumped semiconductor laser with sub-megahertz linewidth,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26(2), 131–133 (2014).
[CrossRef]

A. Laurain, C. Mart, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, B. Kunert, W. Stolz, “Optical noise of stabilized high-power single frequency optically pumped semiconductor laser,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1573–1576 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, F. Zhang, B. Heinen, M. Scheller, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, J. V. Moloney, S. W. Koch, M. Koch, “Evolution of multi-mode operation in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 21(26), 31940–31950 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. G. Wilcox, A. C. Tropper, H. E. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, B. Kunert, B. Heinen, W. Stolz, “4.35 kW peak power femtosecond pulse mode-locked VECSEL for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1599–1605 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Heinen, T.-L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516–517 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Heinen, F. Zhang, M. Sparenberg, B. Kunert, M. Koch, W. Stolz, “On the measurement of the thermal resistance of vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VECSELs),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(7), 934–940 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J. T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A. R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, W. Stolz, S. W. Koch, “Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(2), 021105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tavast, M.

T. Leinonen, S. Ranta, M. Tavast, R. Epstein, G. Fetzer, N. Sandalphon, N. Van Lieu, M. Guina, “High power (23W) vertical external cavity surface emitting laser emitting at 1180 nm,” Proc. SPIE 8606, 860604 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Ranta, M. Tavast, T. Leinonen, R. Epstein, M. Guina, “Narrow linewidth 1118/559 nm VECSEL based on strain compensated GaInAs/GaAs quantum-wells for laser cooling of Mg-ions,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(8), 1011–1019 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tavast, T.

W. J. Alford, G. J. Fetzer, R. J. Epstein, N. Sandalphon, S. Van Lieu, M. Ranta, T. Tavast, Leinonen, M. Guina, “Optically pumped semiconductor lasers for precision spectroscopic applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(8), 719–727 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Tilma, B. W.

Topper, T.

S. Kaspar, M. Rattunde, T. Topper, B. Rosener, C. Manz, K. Kohler, J. Wagner, “Linewidth narrowing and power scaling of single-frequency 2.X µm GaSb-based semiconductor disk lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(3), 314–324 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Tropper, A. C.

K. G. Wilcox, A. C. Tropper, “Comment on SESAM-free mode-locked semiconductor disk laser,” Laser Photon. Rev. 7(3), 422–423 (2013).
[CrossRef]

K. G. Wilcox, A. C. Tropper, H. E. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, B. Kunert, B. Heinen, W. Stolz, “4.35 kW peak power femtosecond pulse mode-locked VECSEL for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1599–1605 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. G. Wilcox, F. Rutz, R. Wilk, H. D. Foreman, J. S. Roberts, J. Sigmund, H. L. Hartnagel, M. Koch, A. C. Tropper, “Terahertz imaging system based on LT-GaAsSb antenna driven by all-semiconductor femtosecond source,” Electron. Lett. 42(20), 1159–1160 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Van Lieu, N.

T. Leinonen, S. Ranta, M. Tavast, R. Epstein, G. Fetzer, N. Sandalphon, N. Van Lieu, M. Guina, “High power (23W) vertical external cavity surface emitting laser emitting at 1180 nm,” Proc. SPIE 8606, 860604 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Van Lieu, S.

W. J. Alford, G. J. Fetzer, R. J. Epstein, N. Sandalphon, S. Van Lieu, M. Ranta, T. Tavast, Leinonen, M. Guina, “Optically pumped semiconductor lasers for precision spectroscopic applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(8), 719–727 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, J.

S. Kaspar, M. Rattunde, T. Topper, B. Rosener, C. Manz, K. Kohler, J. Wagner, “Linewidth narrowing and power scaling of single-frequency 2.X µm GaSb-based semiconductor disk lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(3), 314–324 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.-L.

B. Heinen, T.-L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516–517 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

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[CrossRef]

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M. Gaafar, C. Möller, M. Wichmann, B. Heinen, B. Kunert, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, M. Koch, “Harmonic self-mode-locking of an optically pumped semiconductor disc laser,” Electron. Lett. 50(7), 542–543 (2014).
[CrossRef]

M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, F. Zhang, B. Heinen, M. Scheller, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, J. V. Moloney, S. W. Koch, M. Koch, “Evolution of multi-mode operation in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 21(26), 31940–31950 (2013).
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A. Chernikov, M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, M. Scheller, J. V. Moloney, S. W. Koch, M. Koch, “Time-dynamics of the two-color emission from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(4), 041114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wilcox, K. G.

K. G. Wilcox, A. C. Tropper, H. E. Beere, D. A. Ritchie, B. Kunert, B. Heinen, W. Stolz, “4.35 kW peak power femtosecond pulse mode-locked VECSEL for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express 21(2), 1599–1605 (2013).
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[CrossRef]

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K. G. Wilcox, F. Rutz, R. Wilk, H. D. Foreman, J. S. Roberts, J. Sigmund, H. L. Hartnagel, M. Koch, A. C. Tropper, “Terahertz imaging system based on LT-GaAsSb antenna driven by all-semiconductor femtosecond source,” Electron. Lett. 42(20), 1159–1160 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Zhang, F.

M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, F. Zhang, B. Heinen, M. Scheller, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, J. V. Moloney, S. W. Koch, M. Koch, “Evolution of multi-mode operation in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Express 21(26), 31940–31950 (2013).
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Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. Rahim, A. Khiar, F. Felder, M. Fill, H. Zogg, M. W. Sigrist, “5-μm vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser (VECSEL) for spectroscopic applications,” Appl. Phys. B 100(2), 261–264 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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A. Chernikov, M. Wichmann, M. K. Shakfa, M. Scheller, J. V. Moloney, S. W. Koch, M. Koch, “Time-dynamics of the two-color emission from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(4), 041114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Fan, M. Fallahi, J. T. Murray, R. Bedford, Y. Kaneda, A. R. Zakharian, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, W. Stolz, S. W. Koch, “Tunable high-power high-brightness linearly polarized vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(2), 021105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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B. Heinen, T.-L. Wang, M. Sparenberg, A. Weber, B. Kunert, J. Hader, S. W. Koch, J. V. Moloney, M. Koch, W. Stolz, “106 W continuous-wave output power from vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser,” Electron. Lett. 48(9), 516–517 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Gaafar, C. Möller, M. Wichmann, B. Heinen, B. Kunert, A. Rahimi-Iman, W. Stolz, M. Koch, “Harmonic self-mode-locking of an optically pumped semiconductor disc laser,” Electron. Lett. 50(7), 542–543 (2014).
[CrossRef]

K. G. Wilcox, F. Rutz, R. Wilk, H. D. Foreman, J. S. Roberts, J. Sigmund, H. L. Hartnagel, M. Koch, A. C. Tropper, “Terahertz imaging system based on LT-GaAsSb antenna driven by all-semiconductor femtosecond source,” Electron. Lett. 42(20), 1159–1160 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

B. Heinen, F. Zhang, M. Sparenberg, B. Kunert, M. Koch, W. Stolz, “On the measurement of the thermal resistance of vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VECSELs),” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(7), 934–940 (2012).
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S. Kaspar, M. Rattunde, T. Topper, B. Rosener, C. Manz, K. Kohler, J. Wagner, “Linewidth narrowing and power scaling of single-frequency 2.X µm GaSb-based semiconductor disk lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49(3), 314–324 (2013).
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A. Rantamaki, A. Chamorovskiy, J. Lyytikainen, O. Okhotnikov, “4.6-W single frequency semiconductor disk laser with <75 kHz linewidth,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(16), 1378–1380 (2012).
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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic drawing of the experimental setup with boxed VECSEL, confocal scanning Fabry-Perot interferometer and frequency discriminator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output power as function of net input power.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Scanning Fabry-Perot interferometer spectrum at an output power of 23 W. The free spectral range (FSR) amounts to 500 MHz. Inset: multiple-longitudinal-mode spectrum at a net pump power of 73 W. (b) Output beam profile captured by a CCD camera representing TEM00 mode operation. The intensity distributions of the horizontal and vertical cross-sections through the center of the spot are shown on top and right, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Laser linewidth as function of sampling time.

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