Abstract

In this work, a scalable and continuous upgradable convergent optical access network is proposed. By using a multi-wavelength coherent comb source and a programmable waveshaper at the central office (CO), optical millimeter-wave (mm-wave) signals of different frequencies (from baseband to > 100 GHz) can be generated. Hence, it provides a scalable and continuous upgradable solution for end-user who needs 60 GHz wireless services now and > 100 GHz wireless services in the future. During the upgrade, user only needs to upgrade their optical networking unit (ONU). A programmable waveshaper is used to select the suitable optical tones with wavelength separation equals to the desired mm-wave frequency; while the CO remains intact. The centralized characteristics of the proposed system can easily add any new service and end-user. The centralized control of the wavelength makes the system more stable. Wired data rate of 17.45 Gb/s and w-band wireless data rate up to 3.36 Gb/s were demonstrated after transmission over 40 km of single-mode fiber (SMF).

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

2010 (5)

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, M. Attygalle, X. F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, “Carrier-reuse WDM-PON using a shared delay interferometer for separating carriers and subcarriers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(11), 837–839 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Amann, M. C.

Attygalle, M.

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, M. Attygalle, X. F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, “Carrier-reuse WDM-PON using a shared delay interferometer for separating carriers and subcarriers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(11), 837–839 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Benjamin, S.

Chang, G. K.

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

Cheng, X. F.

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, M. Attygalle, X. F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, “Carrier-reuse WDM-PON using a shared delay interferometer for separating carriers and subcarriers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(11), 837–839 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chi, S.

Chien, H. C.

Chow, C. W.

J. Y. Sung, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. C. Wang, “Service integrated access network using highly spectral-efficient MASK-MQAM-OFDM coding,” Opt. Express 21(5), 6555–6560 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chow, Y. H. Lin, “Convergent optical wired and wireless long-reach access network using high spectral-efficient modulation,” Opt. Express 20(8), 9243–9248 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, S. M. Lo, C. Li, H. K. Tsang, “Long-reach radio-over-fiber signal distribution using single-sideband signal generated by a silicon-modulator,” Opt. Express 19(12), 11312–11317 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. H. Yeh, C. W. Chow, “Heterogeneous radio-over-fiber passive access network architecture to mitigate Rayleigh backscattering interferometric beat noise,” Opt. Express 19(7), 5735–5740 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Xu, C. W. Chow, H. K. Tsang, “Long reach, multicast, high split ratio wired and wireless WDM-PON using SOA for remote upconversion,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58, 3136–3143 (2010).

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 28(6), 800–807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, F. M. Kuo, J. W. Shi, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, C. H. Wang, Y. T. Li, C. L. Pan, “100 GHz ultra-wideband (UWB) fiber-to-the-antenna (FTTA) system for in-building and in-home networks,” Opt. Express 18(2), 473–478 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chow, L. Xu, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, H. K. Tsang, C. L. Pan, S. Chi, “Mitigation of signal distortions using reference signal distribution with colorless remote antenna units for radio-over-fiber applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(21), 4773–4780 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, C. L. Pan, S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12096–12101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chowdhury, A.

Ellinas, G.

Fortusini, D.

Hofmann, W.

Huang, M. F.

Jia, Z.

Kuo, F. M.

Li, C.

Li, Y. T.

Lin, C.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 28(6), 800–807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.-C.

Lin, Y. H.

Lin, Y.-Z.

Lo, S. M.

Lu, C.

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, M. Attygalle, X. F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, “Carrier-reuse WDM-PON using a shared delay interferometer for separating carriers and subcarriers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(11), 837–839 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lu, H.-H.

Ng’oma, A.

Pan, C. L.

Parekh, D.

Peng, H.-C.

Sauer, M.

Shi, J. W.

Shih, F. Y.

Sung, J. Y.

Tsai, W.-S.

Tsang, H. K.

Tzeng, S.-J.

Wang, C. H.

Wang, Y.

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, M. Attygalle, X. F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, “Carrier-reuse WDM-PON using a shared delay interferometer for separating carriers and subcarriers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(11), 837–839 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. C.

Wen, Y. J.

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, M. Attygalle, X. F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, “Carrier-reuse WDM-PON using a shared delay interferometer for separating carriers and subcarriers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(11), 837–839 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C. L.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 28(6), 800–807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y. F.

Xu, L.

L. Xu, C. W. Chow, H. K. Tsang, “Long reach, multicast, high split ratio wired and wireless WDM-PON using SOA for remote upconversion,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58, 3136–3143 (2010).

C. W. Chow, L. Xu, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, H. K. Tsang, C. L. Pan, S. Chi, “Mitigation of signal distortions using reference signal distribution with colorless remote antenna units for radio-over-fiber applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(21), 4773–4780 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, M. Attygalle, X. F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, “Carrier-reuse WDM-PON using a shared delay interferometer for separating carriers and subcarriers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(11), 837–839 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, W.

Yeh, C. H.

J. Y. Sung, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. C. Wang, “Service integrated access network using highly spectral-efficient MASK-MQAM-OFDM coding,” Opt. Express 21(5), 6555–6560 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, S. M. Lo, C. Li, H. K. Tsang, “Long-reach radio-over-fiber signal distribution using single-sideband signal generated by a silicon-modulator,” Opt. Express 19(12), 11312–11317 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. H. Yeh, C. W. Chow, “Heterogeneous radio-over-fiber passive access network architecture to mitigate Rayleigh backscattering interferometric beat noise,” Opt. Express 19(7), 5735–5740 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 28(6), 800–807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, F. M. Kuo, J. W. Shi, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, C. H. Wang, Y. T. Li, C. L. Pan, “100 GHz ultra-wideband (UWB) fiber-to-the-antenna (FTTA) system for in-building and in-home networks,” Opt. Express 18(2), 473–478 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chow, L. Xu, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, H. K. Tsang, C. L. Pan, S. Chi, “Mitigation of signal distortions using reference signal distribution with colorless remote antenna units for radio-over-fiber applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(21), 4773–4780 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, C. L. Pan, S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12096–12101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, J.

Zhong, W.-D.

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, M. Attygalle, X. F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, “Carrier-reuse WDM-PON using a shared delay interferometer for separating carriers and subcarriers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(11), 837–839 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, C. Lin, “Studies of OFDM signal for broadband optical access networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 28(6), 800–807 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, M. Attygalle, X. F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, “Carrier-reuse WDM-PON using a shared delay interferometer for separating carriers and subcarriers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(11), 837–839 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

L. Xu, C. W. Chow, H. K. Tsang, “Long reach, multicast, high split ratio wired and wireless WDM-PON using SOA for remote upconversion,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 58, 3136–3143 (2010).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

Y. Tian and Y. Su, “A WDM-PON system providing quadruple play service with converged optical and wireless access,” in Proc. ECOC (2008), Paper P.6.07.

X. Li, Z. Dong, J. Yu, J. Zhang, L. Tao, Y. Shao, and N. Chi, “Performance improvement by pre-equalization in w-band (75–110GHz) RoF system,” in Proc. OFC (2013), Paper OW1D.3.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The proposed convergent access network. PM: phase modulator; PD: photo-diode; HSPD: high speed photo-diode; Rx: receiver; OBF: optical bandpass filter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic spectra after the waveshaper showing the strategy of providing different mm-wave frequencies applications, and the continuous-upgrade scheme. Different colors denotes different channels. Dash curve: the frequency responses of the OBFs of different channels at the ONUs.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Proof-of-concept experimental setup for (a) w-band wireless communication and (b) baseband wired communication. Inset: optical spectra of (i) the generated comb source by PM, and (ii) the filtered optical two tones after the programmable waveshaper.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Simulated power fading after (a) 20 km and (b) 40 km SMF. Measured SNR and bit-loading of the system with w-band wireless transmission after (c) 20 km and (d) 40 km SMF transmission; and without wireless transmission after (e) 20 km and (f) 40 km SMF transmission.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The BER performance of the w-band wireless signal with different SMF transmission distances. (b) The signal performance at maximum transmission data rate in the wired communication with different fiber transmission distances. Dash curve: BER = 3.8 x 10−3.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Measured BER using a single wavelength baseband signal with different transmission distances. (b) The corresponding SNR with bit-loading scheme.

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