Abstract

A 100X magnification, ± 2.5° field of view micro-concentrating optical system has been developed for a microsystems-enabled photovoltaic (MEPV) prototype module using 250 µm diameter multi-junction “stacked” PV cells.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. V. Gupta, G. Nielson, M. Okandan, and J. Cruz-Campa, “Microsystems-enabled photovoltaics: A path to the widespread harnessing of solar energy,” Fut. Photovoltaics (May 2010).
  2. G. Nielson, M. Okandan, J. Cruz-Campa, A. Lentine, W. Sweatt, B. Jared, P. Resnick, B. Kim, B. Anderson, V. Gupta, A. Tauke-Pedretti, J. Cederberg, T. Gu, M. Haney, S. Paap, C. Sanchez, C. Nordquist, M. Saavedra, M. Ballance, J. Nguyen, C. Alford, and J. Nelson, “Cell microconcentrator module with moderate concentration, ±4° acceptance angle, and 13.3 mm focal length,” in Proceedings of PVSC (IEEE, Tampa Bay, FL, 2013).
  3. S. Paap, V. Gupta, J. Cruz-Campa, M. Okandan, W. Sweatt, B. Jared, B. Anderson, G. Nielson, A. Tauke-Pedretti, and J. Nelson, “Cost analysis for flat-plate concentrators employing microscale photovoltaic cells,” in Proceedings of PVSC (IEEE, Tampa Bay, FL, 2013).
  4. A. Tauke-Pedretti, J. Cederberg, G. Nielson, J. Cruz-Campa, C. Sanchez, C. Alford, M. Okandan, E. Skogen, and A. Lentine, “Resistance considerations for stacked small multi-junction photovoltaic cells,” in Proceedings of PVSC (IEEE, Tampa Bay, FL, 2013).
  5. R. Winston, J. Miñano, and P. Benítez, Non-imaging optics, (Elsevier, 2005).
  6. P. Benítez, J. Miñano, P. Zamora, R. Mohedano, A. Cvetkovic, M. Buljan, J. Chaves, and M. Hernández, “High performance Fresnel based photovoltaic concentrator,” Opt. Express 18(S1), A25–A40 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Hernández, P. Benítez, J. Miñano, A. Cvetkovic, R. Mohedano, O. Dross, R. Jones, D. Whelan, G. Kinsey, and R. Alvarez, “XR: A high-performance PV concentrator,” Proc. SPIE 6649, 664904 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. Jared, M. Saavedra, B. Anderson, W. Sweatt, G. Nielson, and M. Okandan, “Micro-optic fabrication for microsystems-enabled photovoltaics”, in Proceedings of American Society of Precision Engineering, (ASPE, St. Paul, MN, 2013).

2010 (1)

2007 (1)

M. Hernández, P. Benítez, J. Miñano, A. Cvetkovic, R. Mohedano, O. Dross, R. Jones, D. Whelan, G. Kinsey, and R. Alvarez, “XR: A high-performance PV concentrator,” Proc. SPIE 6649, 664904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Alvarez, R.

M. Hernández, P. Benítez, J. Miñano, A. Cvetkovic, R. Mohedano, O. Dross, R. Jones, D. Whelan, G. Kinsey, and R. Alvarez, “XR: A high-performance PV concentrator,” Proc. SPIE 6649, 664904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Benítez, P.

P. Benítez, J. Miñano, P. Zamora, R. Mohedano, A. Cvetkovic, M. Buljan, J. Chaves, and M. Hernández, “High performance Fresnel based photovoltaic concentrator,” Opt. Express 18(S1), A25–A40 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Hernández, P. Benítez, J. Miñano, A. Cvetkovic, R. Mohedano, O. Dross, R. Jones, D. Whelan, G. Kinsey, and R. Alvarez, “XR: A high-performance PV concentrator,” Proc. SPIE 6649, 664904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Buljan, M.

Chaves, J.

Cvetkovic, A.

P. Benítez, J. Miñano, P. Zamora, R. Mohedano, A. Cvetkovic, M. Buljan, J. Chaves, and M. Hernández, “High performance Fresnel based photovoltaic concentrator,” Opt. Express 18(S1), A25–A40 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Hernández, P. Benítez, J. Miñano, A. Cvetkovic, R. Mohedano, O. Dross, R. Jones, D. Whelan, G. Kinsey, and R. Alvarez, “XR: A high-performance PV concentrator,” Proc. SPIE 6649, 664904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dross, O.

M. Hernández, P. Benítez, J. Miñano, A. Cvetkovic, R. Mohedano, O. Dross, R. Jones, D. Whelan, G. Kinsey, and R. Alvarez, “XR: A high-performance PV concentrator,” Proc. SPIE 6649, 664904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hernández, M.

P. Benítez, J. Miñano, P. Zamora, R. Mohedano, A. Cvetkovic, M. Buljan, J. Chaves, and M. Hernández, “High performance Fresnel based photovoltaic concentrator,” Opt. Express 18(S1), A25–A40 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Hernández, P. Benítez, J. Miñano, A. Cvetkovic, R. Mohedano, O. Dross, R. Jones, D. Whelan, G. Kinsey, and R. Alvarez, “XR: A high-performance PV concentrator,” Proc. SPIE 6649, 664904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jones, R.

M. Hernández, P. Benítez, J. Miñano, A. Cvetkovic, R. Mohedano, O. Dross, R. Jones, D. Whelan, G. Kinsey, and R. Alvarez, “XR: A high-performance PV concentrator,” Proc. SPIE 6649, 664904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kinsey, G.

M. Hernández, P. Benítez, J. Miñano, A. Cvetkovic, R. Mohedano, O. Dross, R. Jones, D. Whelan, G. Kinsey, and R. Alvarez, “XR: A high-performance PV concentrator,” Proc. SPIE 6649, 664904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Miñano, J.

P. Benítez, J. Miñano, P. Zamora, R. Mohedano, A. Cvetkovic, M. Buljan, J. Chaves, and M. Hernández, “High performance Fresnel based photovoltaic concentrator,” Opt. Express 18(S1), A25–A40 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Hernández, P. Benítez, J. Miñano, A. Cvetkovic, R. Mohedano, O. Dross, R. Jones, D. Whelan, G. Kinsey, and R. Alvarez, “XR: A high-performance PV concentrator,” Proc. SPIE 6649, 664904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mohedano, R.

P. Benítez, J. Miñano, P. Zamora, R. Mohedano, A. Cvetkovic, M. Buljan, J. Chaves, and M. Hernández, “High performance Fresnel based photovoltaic concentrator,” Opt. Express 18(S1), A25–A40 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Hernández, P. Benítez, J. Miñano, A. Cvetkovic, R. Mohedano, O. Dross, R. Jones, D. Whelan, G. Kinsey, and R. Alvarez, “XR: A high-performance PV concentrator,” Proc. SPIE 6649, 664904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Whelan, D.

M. Hernández, P. Benítez, J. Miñano, A. Cvetkovic, R. Mohedano, O. Dross, R. Jones, D. Whelan, G. Kinsey, and R. Alvarez, “XR: A high-performance PV concentrator,” Proc. SPIE 6649, 664904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zamora, P.

Opt. Express (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

M. Hernández, P. Benítez, J. Miñano, A. Cvetkovic, R. Mohedano, O. Dross, R. Jones, D. Whelan, G. Kinsey, and R. Alvarez, “XR: A high-performance PV concentrator,” Proc. SPIE 6649, 664904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

B. Jared, M. Saavedra, B. Anderson, W. Sweatt, G. Nielson, and M. Okandan, “Micro-optic fabrication for microsystems-enabled photovoltaics”, in Proceedings of American Society of Precision Engineering, (ASPE, St. Paul, MN, 2013).

V. Gupta, G. Nielson, M. Okandan, and J. Cruz-Campa, “Microsystems-enabled photovoltaics: A path to the widespread harnessing of solar energy,” Fut. Photovoltaics (May 2010).

G. Nielson, M. Okandan, J. Cruz-Campa, A. Lentine, W. Sweatt, B. Jared, P. Resnick, B. Kim, B. Anderson, V. Gupta, A. Tauke-Pedretti, J. Cederberg, T. Gu, M. Haney, S. Paap, C. Sanchez, C. Nordquist, M. Saavedra, M. Ballance, J. Nguyen, C. Alford, and J. Nelson, “Cell microconcentrator module with moderate concentration, ±4° acceptance angle, and 13.3 mm focal length,” in Proceedings of PVSC (IEEE, Tampa Bay, FL, 2013).

S. Paap, V. Gupta, J. Cruz-Campa, M. Okandan, W. Sweatt, B. Jared, B. Anderson, G. Nielson, A. Tauke-Pedretti, and J. Nelson, “Cost analysis for flat-plate concentrators employing microscale photovoltaic cells,” in Proceedings of PVSC (IEEE, Tampa Bay, FL, 2013).

A. Tauke-Pedretti, J. Cederberg, G. Nielson, J. Cruz-Campa, C. Sanchez, C. Alford, M. Okandan, E. Skogen, and A. Lentine, “Resistance considerations for stacked small multi-junction photovoltaic cells,” in Proceedings of PVSC (IEEE, Tampa Bay, FL, 2013).

R. Winston, J. Miñano, and P. Benítez, Non-imaging optics, (Elsevier, 2005).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

MEPV micro-concentrator optical design (left) and output beam profile (right).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Thermo-mechanical modeling of the micro-concentrator PDMS filled region.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

MEPV module cross-section.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

MEPV front lens array (left) and cell array to optic array alignment features (right).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Rear optic mold insert (left) and molded micro-concentrator array (right).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Test part in-plane X positioning accuracy (left) and out-of-plane distortion (right).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Molded rear array 24 nm Ra surface finish (left) and ± 11 µm form error (right).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Optical sub-assembly beam profile under simulated one sun illumination.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Optical sub-assembly transmission spectrum.

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