Abstract

An ultrafast, passively mode-locked fiber laser oscillator has been realized using thulium-doped ZBLAN fibers. Very low dispersion of ZBLAN glass fibers enabled generation of pulses with broad spectra extending from 1730 nm to 2050 nm. Pulses are obtained with the average power of 13 mW at the repetition rate of 67.5 MHz when the pump power is 140 mW. The output pulses are compressed with a pair of SF10 prisms and their durations are measured with SHG FROG, from which we obtained the pulse duration as short as 45 fs.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2014 (2)

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3331 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Liu, Z. Liu, E. S. Lamb, F. Wise, “Self-similar erbium-doped fiber laser with large normal dispersion,” Opt. Lett. 39, 1019–1021 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

2012 (5)

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation from ultraviolet to 6.28 μm in a fluoride fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (5)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

N. M. Fried, “High-power laser vaporization of the canine prostate using a 110 W thulium fiber laser at 1.91 μm,” Lasers Surg. Med. 36, 52–56 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, “Comparison of Tm:ZBLAN and Tm:silica fiber lasers; spectroscopy and tunable pulsed laser operation around 1.9 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 325–333 (2004).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

1995 (3)

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Broadly tunable sub-500 fs pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19–21 (1995).
[Crossref]

F. Gan, “Optical properties of fluoride glasses: a review,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184, 9–20 (1995).
[Crossref]

K. Tamura, M. Nakazawa, “Optimizing power extraction in stretched-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3691–3693 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

1987 (1)

O. E. Martinez, “3000 times grating compressor with positive group velocity dispersion: Application to fiber compensation in 1.3–1.6μm region,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 59–64 (1987).
[Crossref]

Agger, C.

Alam, S. U.

Bang, O.

Barnes, N. P.

R. J. De Young, N. P. Barnes, “Profiling atmospheric water vapor using a fiber laser lidar system,” Appl. Opt. 49, 562–567 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, “Comparison of Tm:ZBLAN and Tm:silica fiber lasers; spectroscopy and tunable pulsed laser operation around 1.9 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 325–333 (2004).
[Crossref]

Baskiotis, C.

Bethge, J.

J. Jiang, C. Mohr, J. Bethge, A. Mills, W. Mefford, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, C.-C. Lee, S. Suzuki, T. R. Schibli, N. Leindecker, K. L. Vodopyanov, P. G. Schunemann, “500 MHz, 58 fs highly coherent Tm fiber soliton laser,” in “Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2012,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. CTh5D.7.

Bliss, D.

Brodeur, A.

Budni, P. A.

Byer, R. L.

Chaudhari, C.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation from ultraviolet to 6.28 μm in a fluoride fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chicklis, E. P.

Chong, A.

Cirmi, G.

Creeden, D.

De Young, R. J.

DeLong, K. W.

Dupont, S.

Eichhorn, M.

M. Eichhorn, S. D. Jackson, “Comparative study of continuous wave Tm3+-doped silica and fluoride fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 90, 35–41 (2008).
[Crossref]

Engelbrecht, M.

Feehan, J. S.

Fejer, M. M.

Fermann, M.

Fermann, M. E.

C. R. Phillips, J. Jiang, C. Mohr, A. C. Lin, C. Langrock, M. Snure, D. Bliss, M. Zhu, I. Hartl, J. S. Harris, M. E. Fermann, M. M. Fejer, “Widely tunable midinfrared difference frequency generation in orientation-patterned GaAs pumped with a femtosecond Tm-fiber system,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2928–2930 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Jiang, C. Mohr, J. Bethge, A. Mills, W. Mefford, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, C.-C. Lee, S. Suzuki, T. R. Schibli, N. Leindecker, K. L. Vodopyanov, P. G. Schunemann, “500 MHz, 58 fs highly coherent Tm fiber soliton laser,” in “Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2012,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. CTh5D.7.

Freeman, M. J.

Fried, N. M.

N. M. Fried, “High-power laser vaporization of the canine prostate using a 110 W thulium fiber laser at 1.91 μm,” Lasers Surg. Med. 36, 52–56 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fu, X.

Gan, F.

F. Gan, “Optical properties of fluoride glasses: a review,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184, 9–20 (1995).
[Crossref]

García, J. F.

Granados, E.

Harris, J. S.

Hartl, I.

Haus, H. A.

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Broadly tunable sub-500 fs pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19–21 (1995).
[Crossref]

Haxsen, F.

Heidt, A. M.

Hong, K.-H.

Huang, S.-W.

Hunter, J.

Ippen, E. P.

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Broadly tunable sub-500 fs pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19–21 (1995).
[Crossref]

Ishii, N.

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3331 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Islam, M. N.

Itatani, J.

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3331 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jackson, S. D.

M. Eichhorn, S. D. Jackson, “Comparative study of continuous wave Tm3+-doped silica and fluoride fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 90, 35–41 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jiang, J.

Jiang, M.

Kanai, T.

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3331 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kaneshima, K.

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3331 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kärtner, F. X.

Keathley, P.

Keiding, S. R.

Ketteridge, P. A.

Kitano, K.

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3331 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kito, C.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation from ultraviolet to 6.28 μm in a fluoride fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kracht, D.

Kulkarni, O. P.

Kumar, M.

Lai, C.-J.

Lamb, E. S.

Langrock, C.

Lee, C.-C.

J. Jiang, C. Mohr, J. Bethge, A. Mills, W. Mefford, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, C.-C. Lee, S. Suzuki, T. R. Schibli, N. Leindecker, K. L. Vodopyanov, P. G. Schunemann, “500 MHz, 58 fs highly coherent Tm fiber soliton laser,” in “Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2012,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. CTh5D.7.

Leindecker, N.

N. Leindecker, A. Marandi, R. L. Byer, K. L. Vodopyanov, J. Jiang, I. Hartl, M. Fermann, P. G. Schunemann, “Octave-spanning ultrafast OPO with 2.6–6.1 μm instantaneous bandwidth pumped by femtosecond Tm-fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 7046–7053 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Jiang, C. Mohr, J. Bethge, A. Mills, W. Mefford, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, C.-C. Lee, S. Suzuki, T. R. Schibli, N. Leindecker, K. L. Vodopyanov, P. G. Schunemann, “500 MHz, 58 fs highly coherent Tm fiber soliton laser,” in “Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2012,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. CTh5D.7.

Li, Z.

Liao, M.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation from ultraviolet to 6.28 μm in a fluoride fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lin, A. C.

Liu, H.

Liu, Z.

Lyngsø, J. K.

Marandi, A.

Martinez, O. E.

O. E. Martinez, “3000 times grating compressor with positive group velocity dispersion: Application to fiber compensation in 1.3–1.6μm region,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 59–64 (1987).
[Crossref]

Mazé, G.

Mazur, E.

McCarthy, J. C.

Mefford, W.

J. Jiang, C. Mohr, J. Bethge, A. Mills, W. Mefford, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, C.-C. Lee, S. Suzuki, T. R. Schibli, N. Leindecker, K. L. Vodopyanov, P. G. Schunemann, “500 MHz, 58 fs highly coherent Tm fiber soliton laser,” in “Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2012,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. CTh5D.7.

Mills, A.

J. Jiang, C. Mohr, J. Bethge, A. Mills, W. Mefford, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, C.-C. Lee, S. Suzuki, T. R. Schibli, N. Leindecker, K. L. Vodopyanov, P. G. Schunemann, “500 MHz, 58 fs highly coherent Tm fiber soliton laser,” in “Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2012,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. CTh5D.7.

Mohr, C.

C. R. Phillips, J. Jiang, C. Mohr, A. C. Lin, C. Langrock, M. Snure, D. Bliss, M. Zhu, I. Hartl, J. S. Harris, M. E. Fermann, M. M. Fejer, “Widely tunable midinfrared difference frequency generation in orientation-patterned GaAs pumped with a femtosecond Tm-fiber system,” Opt. Lett. 37, 2928–2930 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Jiang, C. Mohr, J. Bethge, A. Mills, W. Mefford, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, C.-C. Lee, S. Suzuki, T. R. Schibli, N. Leindecker, K. L. Vodopyanov, P. G. Schunemann, “500 MHz, 58 fs highly coherent Tm fiber soliton laser,” in “Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2012,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. CTh5D.7.

Morgner, U.

Moses, J.

Nakazawa, M.

K. Tamura, M. Nakazawa, “Optimizing power extraction in stretched-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3691–3693 (1995).
[Crossref]

Nelson, L. E.

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Broadly tunable sub-500 fs pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19–21 (1995).
[Crossref]

Neumann, J.

Ohishi, Y.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation from ultraviolet to 6.28 μm in a fluoride fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Petersen, C.

Phillips, C. R.

Pollak, T. M.

Poulain, M.

Price, J. H. V.

Qin, G.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation from ultraviolet to 6.28 μm in a fluoride fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Renninger, W. H.

Richardson, D. J.

Ruehl, A.

Schaffer, C. B.

Schibli, T. R.

J. Jiang, C. Mohr, J. Bethge, A. Mills, W. Mefford, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, C.-C. Lee, S. Suzuki, T. R. Schibli, N. Leindecker, K. L. Vodopyanov, P. G. Schunemann, “500 MHz, 58 fs highly coherent Tm fiber soliton laser,” in “Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2012,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. CTh5D.7.

Schunemann, P. G.

Sell, A.

Setzler, S. D.

Snure, M.

Steffensen, H.

Suzuki, S.

J. Jiang, C. Mohr, J. Bethge, A. Mills, W. Mefford, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, C.-C. Lee, S. Suzuki, T. R. Schibli, N. Leindecker, K. L. Vodopyanov, P. G. Schunemann, “500 MHz, 58 fs highly coherent Tm fiber soliton laser,” in “Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2012,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. CTh5D.7.

Suzuki, T.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation from ultraviolet to 6.28 μm in a fluoride fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tamura, K.

K. Tamura, M. Nakazawa, “Optimizing power extraction in stretched-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3691–3693 (1995).
[Crossref]

Terry, F. L.

Thøgersen, J.

Thomsen, C. L.

Trebino, R.

Vodopyanov, K. L.

N. Leindecker, A. Marandi, R. L. Byer, K. L. Vodopyanov, J. Jiang, I. Hartl, M. Fermann, P. G. Schunemann, “Octave-spanning ultrafast OPO with 2.6–6.1 μm instantaneous bandwidth pumped by femtosecond Tm-fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20, 7046–7053 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Jiang, C. Mohr, J. Bethge, A. Mills, W. Mefford, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, C.-C. Lee, S. Suzuki, T. R. Schibli, N. Leindecker, K. L. Vodopyanov, P. G. Schunemann, “500 MHz, 58 fs highly coherent Tm fiber soliton laser,” in “Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2012,” (Optical Society of America, 2012), p. CTh5D.7.

Walsh, B. M.

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, “Comparison of Tm:ZBLAN and Tm:silica fiber lasers; spectroscopy and tunable pulsed laser operation around 1.9 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 325–333 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wandt, D.

Watanabe, S.

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, J. Itatani, “Carrier-envelope phase-dependent high harmonic generation in the water window using few-cycle infrared pulses,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3331 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

White, W. E.

Wienke, A.

Wise, F.

Wise, F. W.

Xia, C.

Yan, X.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation from ultraviolet to 6.28 μm in a fluoride fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Young, Y. E.

Zawilski, K.

Zhu, M.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, “Comparison of Tm:ZBLAN and Tm:silica fiber lasers; spectroscopy and tunable pulsed laser operation around 1.9 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 325–333 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. Eichhorn, S. D. Jackson, “Comparative study of continuous wave Tm3+-doped silica and fluoride fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 90, 35–41 (2008).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

L. E. Nelson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, “Broadly tunable sub-500 fs pulses from an additive-pulse mode-locked thulium-doped fiber ring laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 19–21 (1995).
[Crossref]

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum generation from ultraviolet to 6.28 μm in a fluoride fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. Tamura, M. Nakazawa, “Optimizing power extraction in stretched-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3691–3693 (1995).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

O. E. Martinez, “3000 times grating compressor with positive group velocity dispersion: Application to fiber compensation in 1.3–1.6μm region,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 59–64 (1987).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

F. Gan, “Optical properties of fluoride glasses: a review,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 184, 9–20 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Lasers Surg. Med. (1)

N. M. Fried, “High-power laser vaporization of the canine prostate using a 110 W thulium fiber laser at 1.91 μm,” Lasers Surg. Med. 36, 52–56 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (1)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the experimental setup. TDF: thulium-doped fiber; SMF: single-mode fiber; DM: dichroic mirror; PBS: polarizing beam splitter; HWP: half-wave plate; QWP: quarter-wave plate; GR: grating.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Behavior of the output pulses. (a) Output power versus pump power. Red circles indicate single-pulse operation, while green squares and blue triangles indicate multi-pulse operation and cw operation, respectively. (b) Pulse train. (c) RF spectrum.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Optical spectrum measured with a monochromator, plotted in linear scale (blue solid curve) and log scale (red dashed curve).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Results of FROG measurement. (a) Measured FROG trace. (b) FROG trace retrieved from the experimental FROG trace shown in (a). (c) Retrieved pulse shape. (d) Retrieved spectral profile (filled blue curve) and phase (dashed red curve).

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