Abstract

In this paper, we present a novel Rayleigh backscattering (RB) noise mitigation scheme based on central carrier suppression for 10 Gb/s loop-back wavelength division multiplexing passive optical network (WDM-PON). Microwave modulated multi-subcarrier optical signal is used as downstream seeding light, while cascaded semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) are used in the optical network unit (ONU) for suppressing the central carrier of the multi-subcarrier upstream signal. With central carrier suppression, interference generated by carrier RB noise at low frequency region is eliminated successfully. Transmission performance over 45 km single mode fiber (SMF) is studied experimentally, and the optical-signal-to-Rayleigh-noise-ratio (OSRNR) can be reduced to 15 dB with central carrier suppression ratio (CCSR) of 21 dB. Receiver sensitivity is further improved by 6 dB with the use of microwave photonic filter (MPF) for suppressing residual upstream microwave signal and residual carrier RB at high frequency region.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. G.-K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, Z. Jia, H.-C. Chien, M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. Ellinas, “Key Technologies of WDM-PON for Future Converged Optical Broadband Access Networks [Invited],” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1(4), C35–C50 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  2. M. Fujiwara, J.-I. Kani, H. Suzuki, and K. Iwatsuki, “Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(2), 740–746 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  3. Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, M. Attygalle, X. Cheng, Y. Wang, T. H. Cheng, and C. Lu, “WDM-PON Architectures With a Single Shared Interferometric Filter for Carrier-Reuse Upstream Transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(12), 3669–3677 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  4. Q. Guo and A. V. Tran, “40Gb/s Operation of SOA-REAM in Single-Feeder WDM-PON [Invited],” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(11), B77–B84 (2012).
    [Crossref]
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  6. F. Xiong, W.-D. Zhong, and H. Kim, “A Broadcast-Capable WDM-PON Based on Polarization-Sensitive Weak-Resonant-Cavity Fabry-Perot Laser Diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(3), 355–361 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  7. C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, L. Xu, and H. K. Tsang, “Rayleigh Backscattering Mitigation Using Wavelength Splitting for Heterogeneous Optical Wired and Wireless Access,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1294–1296 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  8. C. W. Chow, G. Talli, A. D. Ellis, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise mitigation in DWDM LR-PONs using carrier suppressed subcarrier-amplitude modulated phase shift keying,” Opt. Express 16(3), 1860–1866 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. Jing Xu, Ming Li, and Lian-Kuan Chen, “Rayleigh Noise Reduction in 10-Gb/s Carrier-Distributed WDM-PONs Using In-Band Optical Filtering,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(24), 3632–3639 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, P. Choudhury, L. Giorgi, and E. Ciaramella, “Enhancing Resilience to Rayleigh Crosstalk by Means of Line Coding and Electrical Filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(2), 85–87 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  11. L. Zhixin, X. Jing, W. Qike, and C. Chun-Kit, “Rayleigh noise mitigated 70-km-reach bi-directional WDM-PON with 10-Gb/s directly modulated Manchester-duobinary as downstream signal,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 2012, 1–3.
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  16. C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh Noise Mitigation Using Single-Sideband Modulation Generated by a Dual-Parallel MZM for Carrier Distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 820–822 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  17. C. W. Chow and C. H. Yeh, “Mitigation of Rayleigh backscattering in 10-Gb/s downstream and 2.5-Gb/s upstream DWDM 100-km long-reach PONs,” Opt. Express 19(6), 4970–4976 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. B. Schrenk, G. de Valicourt, J. A. Lazaro, R. Brenot, and J. Prat, “Rayleigh Scattering Tolerant PON Assisted by Four-Wave Mixing in SOA-based ONUs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 3364–3371 (2010).
  19. B. Schrenk, J. A. Lazaro, and J. Prat, “Wavelength conversion towards Rayleigh backscattering tolerant PONs via four-wave mixing in SOA-based ONUs,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 2010, 1–3.
    [Crossref]
  20. Q. Guo and A. V. Tran, “Mitigation of Rayleigh noise and dispersion in REAM-based WDM-PON using spectrum-shaping codes,” Opt. Express 20(26), B452–B461 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  22. Infinera white paper, “Photonic Integrated Circuits,” http://www.infinera.com .
  23. S. Porto, C. Antony, P. Ossieur, and P. D. Townsend, “An upstream reach-extender for 10Gb/s PON applications based on an optimized semiconductor amplifier cascade,” Opt. Express 20(1), 186–191 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(2), 328–333 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  25. J. Chang, M. P. Fok, J. Meister, and P. R. Prucnal, “A single source microwave photonic filter using a novel single-mode fiber to multimode fiber coupling technique,” Opt. Express 21(5), 5585–5593 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. M. P. Fok, Y. Deng, K. Kravtsov, and P. R. Prucnal, “Signal beating elimination using single-mode fiber to multimode fiber coupling,” Opt. Lett. 36(23), 4578–4580 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

C. W. Chow and C. H. Yeh, “Using Downstream DPSK and Upstream Wavelength-Shifted ASK for Rayleigh Backscattering Mitigation in TDM-PON to WDM-PON Migration Scheme,” IEEE Photon. J. 5(2), 7900407 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Chang, M. P. Fok, J. Meister, and P. R. Prucnal, “A single source microwave photonic filter using a novel single-mode fiber to multimode fiber coupling technique,” Opt. Express 21(5), 5585–5593 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

Q. Guo and A. V. Tran, “Mitigation of Rayleigh noise and dispersion in REAM-based WDM-PON using spectrum-shaping codes,” Opt. Express 20(26), B452–B461 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Porto, C. Antony, P. Ossieur, and P. D. Townsend, “An upstream reach-extender for 10Gb/s PON applications based on an optimized semiconductor amplifier cascade,” Opt. Express 20(1), 186–191 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Guo and A. V. Tran, “40Gb/s Operation of SOA-REAM in Single-Feeder WDM-PON [Invited],” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(11), B77–B84 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Xiong, W.-D. Zhong, and H. Kim, “A Broadcast-Capable WDM-PON Based on Polarization-Sensitive Weak-Resonant-Cavity Fabry-Perot Laser Diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(3), 355–361 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

Jing Xu, Ming Li, and Lian-Kuan Chen, “Rayleigh Noise Reduction in 10-Gb/s Carrier-Distributed WDM-PONs Using In-Band Optical Filtering,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(24), 3632–3639 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. W. Chow and C. H. Yeh, “Mitigation of Rayleigh backscattering in 10-Gb/s downstream and 2.5-Gb/s upstream DWDM 100-km long-reach PONs,” Opt. Express 19(6), 4970–4976 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. P. Fok, Y. Deng, K. Kravtsov, and P. R. Prucnal, “Signal beating elimination using single-mode fiber to multimode fiber coupling,” Opt. Lett. 36(23), 4578–4580 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

B. Schrenk, G. de Valicourt, J. A. Lazaro, R. Brenot, and J. Prat, “Rayleigh Scattering Tolerant PON Assisted by Four-Wave Mixing in SOA-based ONUs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 3364–3371 (2010).

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh Noise Mitigation Using Single-Sideband Modulation Generated by a Dual-Parallel MZM for Carrier Distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 820–822 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, P. Choudhury, L. Giorgi, and E. Ciaramella, “Enhancing Resilience to Rayleigh Crosstalk by Means of Line Coding and Electrical Filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(2), 85–87 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, L. Xu, and H. K. Tsang, “Rayleigh Backscattering Mitigation Using Wavelength Splitting for Heterogeneous Optical Wired and Wireless Access,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1294–1296 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

G.-K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, Z. Jia, H.-C. Chien, M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. Ellinas, “Key Technologies of WDM-PON for Future Converged Optical Broadband Access Networks [Invited],” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1(4), C35–C50 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, A. D. Ellis, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise mitigation in DWDM LR-PONs using carrier suppressed subcarrier-amplitude modulated phase shift keying,” Opt. Express 16(3), 1860–1866 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

C. F. Marki, F. A. Marki, and S. C. Esener, “Reduction of interferometric optical crosstalk penalty via DC blocking,” Electron. Lett. 43(11), 644–646 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh Noise Reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by Wavelength Detuning and Phase-Modulation-Induced Spectral Broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(6), 423–425 (2007).
[Crossref]

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, M. Attygalle, X. Cheng, Y. Wang, T. H. Cheng, and C. Lu, “WDM-PON Architectures With a Single Shared Interferometric Filter for Carrier-Reuse Upstream Transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(12), 3669–3677 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

M. Fujiwara, J.-I. Kani, H. Suzuki, and K. Iwatsuki, “Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(2), 740–746 (2006).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(2), 328–333 (2001).
[Crossref]

Antony, C.

S. Porto, C. Antony, P. Ossieur, and P. D. Townsend, “An upstream reach-extender for 10Gb/s PON applications based on an optimized semiconductor amplifier cascade,” Opt. Express 20(1), 186–191 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Attygalle, M.

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, M. Attygalle, X. Cheng, Y. Wang, T. H. Cheng, and C. Lu, “WDM-PON Architectures With a Single Shared Interferometric Filter for Carrier-Reuse Upstream Transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(12), 3669–3677 (2007).
[Crossref]

Brenot, R.

B. Schrenk, G. de Valicourt, J. A. Lazaro, R. Brenot, and J. Prat, “Rayleigh Scattering Tolerant PON Assisted by Four-Wave Mixing in SOA-based ONUs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 3364–3371 (2010).

Chang, G.-K.

G.-K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, Z. Jia, H.-C. Chien, M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. Ellinas, “Key Technologies of WDM-PON for Future Converged Optical Broadband Access Networks [Invited],” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1(4), C35–C50 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chang, J.

J. Chang, M. P. Fok, J. Meister, and P. R. Prucnal, “A single source microwave photonic filter using a novel single-mode fiber to multimode fiber coupling technique,” Opt. Express 21(5), 5585–5593 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Lian-Kuan

Jing Xu, Ming Li, and Lian-Kuan Chen, “Rayleigh Noise Reduction in 10-Gb/s Carrier-Distributed WDM-PONs Using In-Band Optical Filtering,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(24), 3632–3639 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cheng, T. H.

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, M. Attygalle, X. Cheng, Y. Wang, T. H. Cheng, and C. Lu, “WDM-PON Architectures With a Single Shared Interferometric Filter for Carrier-Reuse Upstream Transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(12), 3669–3677 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cheng, X.

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, M. Attygalle, X. Cheng, Y. Wang, T. H. Cheng, and C. Lu, “WDM-PON Architectures With a Single Shared Interferometric Filter for Carrier-Reuse Upstream Transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(12), 3669–3677 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chi, S.

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh Noise Mitigation Using Single-Sideband Modulation Generated by a Dual-Parallel MZM for Carrier Distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 820–822 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chien, H.-C.

G.-K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, Z. Jia, H.-C. Chien, M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. Ellinas, “Key Technologies of WDM-PON for Future Converged Optical Broadband Access Networks [Invited],” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1(4), C35–C50 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chiuchiarelli, A.

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, P. Choudhury, L. Giorgi, and E. Ciaramella, “Enhancing Resilience to Rayleigh Crosstalk by Means of Line Coding and Electrical Filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(2), 85–87 (2010).
[Crossref]

Choudhury, P.

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, P. Choudhury, L. Giorgi, and E. Ciaramella, “Enhancing Resilience to Rayleigh Crosstalk by Means of Line Coding and Electrical Filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(2), 85–87 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chow, C. W.

C. W. Chow and C. H. Yeh, “Using Downstream DPSK and Upstream Wavelength-Shifted ASK for Rayleigh Backscattering Mitigation in TDM-PON to WDM-PON Migration Scheme,” IEEE Photon. J. 5(2), 7900407 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. W. Chow and C. H. Yeh, “Mitigation of Rayleigh backscattering in 10-Gb/s downstream and 2.5-Gb/s upstream DWDM 100-km long-reach PONs,” Opt. Express 19(6), 4970–4976 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh Noise Mitigation Using Single-Sideband Modulation Generated by a Dual-Parallel MZM for Carrier Distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 820–822 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, L. Xu, and H. K. Tsang, “Rayleigh Backscattering Mitigation Using Wavelength Splitting for Heterogeneous Optical Wired and Wireless Access,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1294–1296 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, A. D. Ellis, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise mitigation in DWDM LR-PONs using carrier suppressed subcarrier-amplitude modulated phase shift keying,” Opt. Express 16(3), 1860–1866 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh Noise Reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by Wavelength Detuning and Phase-Modulation-Induced Spectral Broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(6), 423–425 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. K. MacHale, G. Talli, C. W. Chow, and P. D. Townsend, “Reduction of Signal-Induced Rayleigh Noise in a 10Gb/s WDM-PON using a Gain-Saturated SOA,” in European Conference and Ehxibition of Optical Communication (ECOC), 2007, 1–2.

Chowdhury, A.

G.-K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, Z. Jia, H.-C. Chien, M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. Ellinas, “Key Technologies of WDM-PON for Future Converged Optical Broadband Access Networks [Invited],” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1(4), C35–C50 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chun-Kit, C.

L. Zhixin, X. Jing, W. Qike, and C. Chun-Kit, “Rayleigh noise mitigated 70-km-reach bi-directional WDM-PON with 10-Gb/s directly modulated Manchester-duobinary as downstream signal,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 2012, 1–3.

Ciaramella, E.

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, P. Choudhury, L. Giorgi, and E. Ciaramella, “Enhancing Resilience to Rayleigh Crosstalk by Means of Line Coding and Electrical Filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(2), 85–87 (2010).
[Crossref]

Contestabile, G.

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, P. Choudhury, L. Giorgi, and E. Ciaramella, “Enhancing Resilience to Rayleigh Crosstalk by Means of Line Coding and Electrical Filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(2), 85–87 (2010).
[Crossref]

de Valicourt, G.

B. Schrenk, G. de Valicourt, J. A. Lazaro, R. Brenot, and J. Prat, “Rayleigh Scattering Tolerant PON Assisted by Four-Wave Mixing in SOA-based ONUs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 3364–3371 (2010).

Deng, Y.

M. P. Fok, Y. Deng, K. Kravtsov, and P. R. Prucnal, “Signal beating elimination using single-mode fiber to multimode fiber coupling,” Opt. Lett. 36(23), 4578–4580 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ellinas, G.

G.-K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, Z. Jia, H.-C. Chien, M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. Ellinas, “Key Technologies of WDM-PON for Future Converged Optical Broadband Access Networks [Invited],” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1(4), C35–C50 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ellis, A. D.

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, A. D. Ellis, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise mitigation in DWDM LR-PONs using carrier suppressed subcarrier-amplitude modulated phase shift keying,” Opt. Express 16(3), 1860–1866 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Esener, S. C.

C. F. Marki, F. A. Marki, and S. C. Esener, “Reduction of interferometric optical crosstalk penalty via DC blocking,” Electron. Lett. 43(11), 644–646 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fok, M. P.

J. Chang, M. P. Fok, J. Meister, and P. R. Prucnal, “A single source microwave photonic filter using a novel single-mode fiber to multimode fiber coupling technique,” Opt. Express 21(5), 5585–5593 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. P. Fok, Y. Deng, K. Kravtsov, and P. R. Prucnal, “Signal beating elimination using single-mode fiber to multimode fiber coupling,” Opt. Lett. 36(23), 4578–4580 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fujiwara, M.

M. Fujiwara, J.-I. Kani, H. Suzuki, and K. Iwatsuki, “Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(2), 740–746 (2006).
[Crossref]

Giorgi, L.

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, P. Choudhury, L. Giorgi, and E. Ciaramella, “Enhancing Resilience to Rayleigh Crosstalk by Means of Line Coding and Electrical Filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(2), 85–87 (2010).
[Crossref]

Guo, Q.

Q. Guo and A. V. Tran, “40Gb/s Operation of SOA-REAM in Single-Feeder WDM-PON [Invited],” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(11), B77–B84 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Guo and A. V. Tran, “Mitigation of Rayleigh noise and dispersion in REAM-based WDM-PON using spectrum-shaping codes,” Opt. Express 20(26), B452–B461 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, M.-F.

G.-K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, Z. Jia, H.-C. Chien, M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. Ellinas, “Key Technologies of WDM-PON for Future Converged Optical Broadband Access Networks [Invited],” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1(4), C35–C50 (2009).
[Crossref]

Iwatsuki, K.

M. Fujiwara, J.-I. Kani, H. Suzuki, and K. Iwatsuki, “Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(2), 740–746 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jia, Z.

G.-K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, Z. Jia, H.-C. Chien, M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. Ellinas, “Key Technologies of WDM-PON for Future Converged Optical Broadband Access Networks [Invited],” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1(4), C35–C50 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jing, X.

L. Zhixin, X. Jing, W. Qike, and C. Chun-Kit, “Rayleigh noise mitigated 70-km-reach bi-directional WDM-PON with 10-Gb/s directly modulated Manchester-duobinary as downstream signal,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 2012, 1–3.

Kani, J.-I.

M. Fujiwara, J.-I. Kani, H. Suzuki, and K. Iwatsuki, “Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(2), 740–746 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.

F. Xiong, W.-D. Zhong, and H. Kim, “A Broadcast-Capable WDM-PON Based on Polarization-Sensitive Weak-Resonant-Cavity Fabry-Perot Laser Diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(3), 355–361 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kravtsov, K.

M. P. Fok, Y. Deng, K. Kravtsov, and P. R. Prucnal, “Signal beating elimination using single-mode fiber to multimode fiber coupling,” Opt. Lett. 36(23), 4578–4580 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lazaro, J. A.

B. Schrenk, G. de Valicourt, J. A. Lazaro, R. Brenot, and J. Prat, “Rayleigh Scattering Tolerant PON Assisted by Four-Wave Mixing in SOA-based ONUs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 3364–3371 (2010).

B. Schrenk, J. A. Lazaro, and J. Prat, “Wavelength conversion towards Rayleigh backscattering tolerant PONs via four-wave mixing in SOA-based ONUs,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 2010, 1–3.
[Crossref]

Li, Ming

Jing Xu, Ming Li, and Lian-Kuan Chen, “Rayleigh Noise Reduction in 10-Gb/s Carrier-Distributed WDM-PONs Using In-Band Optical Filtering,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(24), 3632–3639 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lin, C.

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh Noise Mitigation Using Single-Sideband Modulation Generated by a Dual-Parallel MZM for Carrier Distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 820–822 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lu, C.

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, M. Attygalle, X. Cheng, Y. Wang, T. H. Cheng, and C. Lu, “WDM-PON Architectures With a Single Shared Interferometric Filter for Carrier-Reuse Upstream Transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(12), 3669–3677 (2007).
[Crossref]

MacHale, E. K.

E. K. MacHale, G. Talli, C. W. Chow, and P. D. Townsend, “Reduction of Signal-Induced Rayleigh Noise in a 10Gb/s WDM-PON using a Gain-Saturated SOA,” in European Conference and Ehxibition of Optical Communication (ECOC), 2007, 1–2.

Marki, C. F.

C. F. Marki, F. A. Marki, and S. C. Esener, “Reduction of interferometric optical crosstalk penalty via DC blocking,” Electron. Lett. 43(11), 644–646 (2007).
[Crossref]

Marki, F. A.

C. F. Marki, F. A. Marki, and S. C. Esener, “Reduction of interferometric optical crosstalk penalty via DC blocking,” Electron. Lett. 43(11), 644–646 (2007).
[Crossref]

Meister, J.

J. Chang, M. P. Fok, J. Meister, and P. R. Prucnal, “A single source microwave photonic filter using a novel single-mode fiber to multimode fiber coupling technique,” Opt. Express 21(5), 5585–5593 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ossieur, P.

S. Porto, C. Antony, P. Ossieur, and P. D. Townsend, “An upstream reach-extender for 10Gb/s PON applications based on an optimized semiconductor amplifier cascade,” Opt. Express 20(1), 186–191 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Porto, S.

S. Porto, C. Antony, P. Ossieur, and P. D. Townsend, “An upstream reach-extender for 10Gb/s PON applications based on an optimized semiconductor amplifier cascade,” Opt. Express 20(1), 186–191 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prat, J.

B. Schrenk, G. de Valicourt, J. A. Lazaro, R. Brenot, and J. Prat, “Rayleigh Scattering Tolerant PON Assisted by Four-Wave Mixing in SOA-based ONUs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 3364–3371 (2010).

B. Schrenk, J. A. Lazaro, and J. Prat, “Wavelength conversion towards Rayleigh backscattering tolerant PONs via four-wave mixing in SOA-based ONUs,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 2010, 1–3.
[Crossref]

Presi, M.

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, P. Choudhury, L. Giorgi, and E. Ciaramella, “Enhancing Resilience to Rayleigh Crosstalk by Means of Line Coding and Electrical Filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(2), 85–87 (2010).
[Crossref]

Proietti, R.

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, P. Choudhury, L. Giorgi, and E. Ciaramella, “Enhancing Resilience to Rayleigh Crosstalk by Means of Line Coding and Electrical Filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(2), 85–87 (2010).
[Crossref]

Prucnal, P. R.

J. Chang, M. P. Fok, J. Meister, and P. R. Prucnal, “A single source microwave photonic filter using a novel single-mode fiber to multimode fiber coupling technique,” Opt. Express 21(5), 5585–5593 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. P. Fok, Y. Deng, K. Kravtsov, and P. R. Prucnal, “Signal beating elimination using single-mode fiber to multimode fiber coupling,” Opt. Lett. 36(23), 4578–4580 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qike, W.

L. Zhixin, X. Jing, W. Qike, and C. Chun-Kit, “Rayleigh noise mitigated 70-km-reach bi-directional WDM-PON with 10-Gb/s directly modulated Manchester-duobinary as downstream signal,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 2012, 1–3.

Sato, K.

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(2), 328–333 (2001).
[Crossref]

Schrenk, B.

B. Schrenk, G. de Valicourt, J. A. Lazaro, R. Brenot, and J. Prat, “Rayleigh Scattering Tolerant PON Assisted by Four-Wave Mixing in SOA-based ONUs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 3364–3371 (2010).

B. Schrenk, J. A. Lazaro, and J. Prat, “Wavelength conversion towards Rayleigh backscattering tolerant PONs via four-wave mixing in SOA-based ONUs,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 2010, 1–3.
[Crossref]

Suzuki, H.

M. Fujiwara, J.-I. Kani, H. Suzuki, and K. Iwatsuki, “Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(2), 740–746 (2006).
[Crossref]

Talli, G.

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, A. D. Ellis, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise mitigation in DWDM LR-PONs using carrier suppressed subcarrier-amplitude modulated phase shift keying,” Opt. Express 16(3), 1860–1866 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh Noise Reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by Wavelength Detuning and Phase-Modulation-Induced Spectral Broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(6), 423–425 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. K. MacHale, G. Talli, C. W. Chow, and P. D. Townsend, “Reduction of Signal-Induced Rayleigh Noise in a 10Gb/s WDM-PON using a Gain-Saturated SOA,” in European Conference and Ehxibition of Optical Communication (ECOC), 2007, 1–2.

Tee-Hiang, C.

X. Zhaowen, Z. Wen-De, W. Yang Jing, C. Tee-Hiang, C. Xiaofei, W. Yixin, and Y. Yong-Kee, “Performance of Carrier Reused Upstream Transmission in FP-LD Based WDM-PONs,” in Photonics Global Conference, (2008), 1–4.

Toba, H.

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(2), 328–333 (2001).
[Crossref]

Townsend, P. D.

S. Porto, C. Antony, P. Ossieur, and P. D. Townsend, “An upstream reach-extender for 10Gb/s PON applications based on an optimized semiconductor amplifier cascade,” Opt. Express 20(1), 186–191 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, A. D. Ellis, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise mitigation in DWDM LR-PONs using carrier suppressed subcarrier-amplitude modulated phase shift keying,” Opt. Express 16(3), 1860–1866 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh Noise Reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by Wavelength Detuning and Phase-Modulation-Induced Spectral Broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(6), 423–425 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. K. MacHale, G. Talli, C. W. Chow, and P. D. Townsend, “Reduction of Signal-Induced Rayleigh Noise in a 10Gb/s WDM-PON using a Gain-Saturated SOA,” in European Conference and Ehxibition of Optical Communication (ECOC), 2007, 1–2.

Tran, A. V.

Q. Guo and A. V. Tran, “40Gb/s Operation of SOA-REAM in Single-Feeder WDM-PON [Invited],” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(11), B77–B84 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Guo and A. V. Tran, “Mitigation of Rayleigh noise and dispersion in REAM-based WDM-PON using spectrum-shaping codes,” Opt. Express 20(26), B452–B461 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsang, H. K.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, L. Xu, and H. K. Tsang, “Rayleigh Backscattering Mitigation Using Wavelength Splitting for Heterogeneous Optical Wired and Wireless Access,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1294–1296 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, C. H.

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh Noise Mitigation Using Single-Sideband Modulation Generated by a Dual-Parallel MZM for Carrier Distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 820–822 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, M. Attygalle, X. Cheng, Y. Wang, T. H. Cheng, and C. Lu, “WDM-PON Architectures With a Single Shared Interferometric Filter for Carrier-Reuse Upstream Transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(12), 3669–3677 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wen, Y. J.

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, M. Attygalle, X. Cheng, Y. Wang, T. H. Cheng, and C. Lu, “WDM-PON Architectures With a Single Shared Interferometric Filter for Carrier-Reuse Upstream Transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(12), 3669–3677 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wen-De, Z.

X. Zhaowen, Z. Wen-De, W. Yang Jing, C. Tee-Hiang, C. Xiaofei, W. Yixin, and Y. Yong-Kee, “Performance of Carrier Reused Upstream Transmission in FP-LD Based WDM-PONs,” in Photonics Global Conference, (2008), 1–4.

Wu, C. L.

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh Noise Mitigation Using Single-Sideband Modulation Generated by a Dual-Parallel MZM for Carrier Distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 820–822 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xiaofei, C.

X. Zhaowen, Z. Wen-De, W. Yang Jing, C. Tee-Hiang, C. Xiaofei, W. Yixin, and Y. Yong-Kee, “Performance of Carrier Reused Upstream Transmission in FP-LD Based WDM-PONs,” in Photonics Global Conference, (2008), 1–4.

Xiong, F.

F. Xiong, W.-D. Zhong, and H. Kim, “A Broadcast-Capable WDM-PON Based on Polarization-Sensitive Weak-Resonant-Cavity Fabry-Perot Laser Diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(3), 355–361 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xu, Jing

Jing Xu, Ming Li, and Lian-Kuan Chen, “Rayleigh Noise Reduction in 10-Gb/s Carrier-Distributed WDM-PONs Using In-Band Optical Filtering,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(24), 3632–3639 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xu, L.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, L. Xu, and H. K. Tsang, “Rayleigh Backscattering Mitigation Using Wavelength Splitting for Heterogeneous Optical Wired and Wireless Access,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1294–1296 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xu, Z.

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, M. Attygalle, X. Cheng, Y. Wang, T. H. Cheng, and C. Lu, “WDM-PON Architectures With a Single Shared Interferometric Filter for Carrier-Reuse Upstream Transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(12), 3669–3677 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yang Jing, W.

X. Zhaowen, Z. Wen-De, W. Yang Jing, C. Tee-Hiang, C. Xiaofei, W. Yixin, and Y. Yong-Kee, “Performance of Carrier Reused Upstream Transmission in FP-LD Based WDM-PONs,” in Photonics Global Conference, (2008), 1–4.

Yeh, C. H.

C. W. Chow and C. H. Yeh, “Using Downstream DPSK and Upstream Wavelength-Shifted ASK for Rayleigh Backscattering Mitigation in TDM-PON to WDM-PON Migration Scheme,” IEEE Photon. J. 5(2), 7900407 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. W. Chow and C. H. Yeh, “Mitigation of Rayleigh backscattering in 10-Gb/s downstream and 2.5-Gb/s upstream DWDM 100-km long-reach PONs,” Opt. Express 19(6), 4970–4976 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh Noise Mitigation Using Single-Sideband Modulation Generated by a Dual-Parallel MZM for Carrier Distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 820–822 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, L. Xu, and H. K. Tsang, “Rayleigh Backscattering Mitigation Using Wavelength Splitting for Heterogeneous Optical Wired and Wireless Access,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1294–1296 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yixin, W.

X. Zhaowen, Z. Wen-De, W. Yang Jing, C. Tee-Hiang, C. Xiaofei, W. Yixin, and Y. Yong-Kee, “Performance of Carrier Reused Upstream Transmission in FP-LD Based WDM-PONs,” in Photonics Global Conference, (2008), 1–4.

Yong-Kee, Y.

X. Zhaowen, Z. Wen-De, W. Yang Jing, C. Tee-Hiang, C. Xiaofei, W. Yixin, and Y. Yong-Kee, “Performance of Carrier Reused Upstream Transmission in FP-LD Based WDM-PONs,” in Photonics Global Conference, (2008), 1–4.

Yu, J.

G.-K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, Z. Jia, H.-C. Chien, M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. Ellinas, “Key Technologies of WDM-PON for Future Converged Optical Broadband Access Networks [Invited],” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1(4), C35–C50 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhaowen, X.

X. Zhaowen, Z. Wen-De, W. Yang Jing, C. Tee-Hiang, C. Xiaofei, W. Yixin, and Y. Yong-Kee, “Performance of Carrier Reused Upstream Transmission in FP-LD Based WDM-PONs,” in Photonics Global Conference, (2008), 1–4.

Zhixin, L.

L. Zhixin, X. Jing, W. Qike, and C. Chun-Kit, “Rayleigh noise mitigated 70-km-reach bi-directional WDM-PON with 10-Gb/s directly modulated Manchester-duobinary as downstream signal,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 2012, 1–3.

Zhong, W.-D.

F. Xiong, W.-D. Zhong, and H. Kim, “A Broadcast-Capable WDM-PON Based on Polarization-Sensitive Weak-Resonant-Cavity Fabry-Perot Laser Diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(3), 355–361 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, M. Attygalle, X. Cheng, Y. Wang, T. H. Cheng, and C. Lu, “WDM-PON Architectures With a Single Shared Interferometric Filter for Carrier-Reuse Upstream Transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(12), 3669–3677 (2007).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

C. F. Marki, F. A. Marki, and S. C. Esener, “Reduction of interferometric optical crosstalk penalty via DC blocking,” Electron. Lett. 43(11), 644–646 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7(2), 328–333 (2001).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

C. W. Chow and C. H. Yeh, “Using Downstream DPSK and Upstream Wavelength-Shifted ASK for Rayleigh Backscattering Mitigation in TDM-PON to WDM-PON Migration Scheme,” IEEE Photon. J. 5(2), 7900407 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh Noise Mitigation Using Single-Sideband Modulation Generated by a Dual-Parallel MZM for Carrier Distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 820–822 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh Noise Reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by Wavelength Detuning and Phase-Modulation-Induced Spectral Broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(6), 423–425 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, P. Choudhury, L. Giorgi, and E. Ciaramella, “Enhancing Resilience to Rayleigh Crosstalk by Means of Line Coding and Electrical Filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(2), 85–87 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, L. Xu, and H. K. Tsang, “Rayleigh Backscattering Mitigation Using Wavelength Splitting for Heterogeneous Optical Wired and Wireless Access,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1294–1296 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

F. Xiong, W.-D. Zhong, and H. Kim, “A Broadcast-Capable WDM-PON Based on Polarization-Sensitive Weak-Resonant-Cavity Fabry-Perot Laser Diodes,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(3), 355–361 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Fujiwara, J.-I. Kani, H. Suzuki, and K. Iwatsuki, “Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(2), 740–746 (2006).
[Crossref]

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, M. Attygalle, X. Cheng, Y. Wang, T. H. Cheng, and C. Lu, “WDM-PON Architectures With a Single Shared Interferometric Filter for Carrier-Reuse Upstream Transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(12), 3669–3677 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jing Xu, Ming Li, and Lian-Kuan Chen, “Rayleigh Noise Reduction in 10-Gb/s Carrier-Distributed WDM-PONs Using In-Band Optical Filtering,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(24), 3632–3639 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Schrenk, G. de Valicourt, J. A. Lazaro, R. Brenot, and J. Prat, “Rayleigh Scattering Tolerant PON Assisted by Four-Wave Mixing in SOA-based ONUs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 3364–3371 (2010).

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (2)

Q. Guo and A. V. Tran, “40Gb/s Operation of SOA-REAM in Single-Feeder WDM-PON [Invited],” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(11), B77–B84 (2012).
[Crossref]

G.-K. Chang, A. Chowdhury, Z. Jia, H.-C. Chien, M.-F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. Ellinas, “Key Technologies of WDM-PON for Future Converged Optical Broadband Access Networks [Invited],” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1(4), C35–C50 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, A. D. Ellis, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise mitigation in DWDM LR-PONs using carrier suppressed subcarrier-amplitude modulated phase shift keying,” Opt. Express 16(3), 1860–1866 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. W. Chow and C. H. Yeh, “Mitigation of Rayleigh backscattering in 10-Gb/s downstream and 2.5-Gb/s upstream DWDM 100-km long-reach PONs,” Opt. Express 19(6), 4970–4976 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Guo and A. V. Tran, “Mitigation of Rayleigh noise and dispersion in REAM-based WDM-PON using spectrum-shaping codes,” Opt. Express 20(26), B452–B461 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Chang, M. P. Fok, J. Meister, and P. R. Prucnal, “A single source microwave photonic filter using a novel single-mode fiber to multimode fiber coupling technique,” Opt. Express 21(5), 5585–5593 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Porto, C. Antony, P. Ossieur, and P. D. Townsend, “An upstream reach-extender for 10Gb/s PON applications based on an optimized semiconductor amplifier cascade,” Opt. Express 20(1), 186–191 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

M. P. Fok, Y. Deng, K. Kravtsov, and P. R. Prucnal, “Signal beating elimination using single-mode fiber to multimode fiber coupling,” Opt. Lett. 36(23), 4578–4580 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (6)

A. Nakanishi, N. Sasada, Y. Sakuma, et al., “Uncooled (0 to 85°C) and Full C-band Operation of a 10.7 Gbit/s InP Mach-Zehnder Modulator Monolithically Integrated with SOA,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 2013, paper OW1G.3.

Infinera white paper, “Photonic Integrated Circuits,” http://www.infinera.com .

B. Schrenk, J. A. Lazaro, and J. Prat, “Wavelength conversion towards Rayleigh backscattering tolerant PONs via four-wave mixing in SOA-based ONUs,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 2010, 1–3.
[Crossref]

L. Zhixin, X. Jing, W. Qike, and C. Chun-Kit, “Rayleigh noise mitigated 70-km-reach bi-directional WDM-PON with 10-Gb/s directly modulated Manchester-duobinary as downstream signal,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), 2012, 1–3.

E. K. MacHale, G. Talli, C. W. Chow, and P. D. Townsend, “Reduction of Signal-Induced Rayleigh Noise in a 10Gb/s WDM-PON using a Gain-Saturated SOA,” in European Conference and Ehxibition of Optical Communication (ECOC), 2007, 1–2.

X. Zhaowen, Z. Wen-De, W. Yang Jing, C. Tee-Hiang, C. Xiaofei, W. Yixin, and Y. Yong-Kee, “Performance of Carrier Reused Upstream Transmission in FP-LD Based WDM-PONs,” in Photonics Global Conference, (2008), 1–4.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Principle of carrier RB noise mitigation scheme.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Proposed system setup of the 10-Gb/s loop-back WDM-PON. LD: laser diode, AWG: arrayed waveguide grating, OC: optical circulator, MZM: Mach-Zehnder modulator, RF source: radio frequency source, SMF: single mode fiber, SOA: semiconductor optical amplifier, MPF: microwave photonic filter, PD: photodiode.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Gain saturation curves of single stage SOA and cascade-SOA, (b) Corresponding optical spectra.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Experimental setup for measuring (a) OSRNR and (b) BER performances. CW: continuous wave, OC: optical circulator, MZM: Mach-Zehnder modulator, SMF: single mode fiber, APC: angled physical contact, LOA: linear optical amplifier, SOA: semiconductor optical amplifier, PC: polarization controller, EDFA: erbium-doped fiber amplifier, MPF: microwave photonic filter, PD: photodiode. Insets of Fig. 4 (a): (i) systematical setup of MPF; (ii) frequency response of MPF.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Electrical spectra at low frequency (a) and high frequency (b) regions.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The measured OSRNR curve (a) and BER results (b) with corresponding eye diagrams (insets i ~iii).

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