Abstract

We report on a diode-pumped Tm:KYW microchip laser generating 1 W continuous-wave output power. The laser operates at a wavelength of 1.94 μm in the fundamental TEM00 mode with 71% slope efficiency relative to the absorbed pump radiation and 59% slope efficiency relative to the incident pump radiation. The optical-to-optical laser efficiency is 43%.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. A. Lagatsky, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond mode-locking in a Tm:KYW laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9995–10000 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. P. Koopmann, R. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Crystal growth, spectroscopy, and highly efficient laser operation of thulium-doped Lu2O3 around 2 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 102(1), 19–24 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  3. N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, A. Di Lieto, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, “High-efficiency diode-pumped Tm:GdLiF4 laser at 1.9 μm,” Opt. Lett. 34(22), 3559–3561 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. T. Y. Fan, G. Huber, R. L. Byer, and P. Mitzscherlich, “Spectroscopy and diode laser-pumped operation of Tm,Ho:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 924–933 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  5. F. F. Heine and G. Huber, “Tunable single frequency thulium:YAG microchip laser with external feedback,” Appl. Opt. 37(15), 3268–3271 (1998).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. A. I. Zagumennyi, V. A. Mikhailov, V. I. Vlasov, A. A. Sirotkin, V. I. Podreshetnikov, Y. L. Kalachev, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Diode-pumped lasers based on GdVO4 crystal,” Laser Phys. 13, 311–318 (2003).
  7. J. J. Zayhowski, J. Harrison, C. Dill, and J. Ochoa, “Tm:YVO4 microchip laser,” Appl. Opt. 34(3), 435–437 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. M. S. Gaponenko, P. A. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing and microchip laser performance of Ng-cut Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 108(3), 603–607 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  9. A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, “An efficient, diode-pumped, 2 μm Tm:YAG waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun. 142(4-6), 239–243 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  10. O. Silvestre, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “CW laser operation of KLu0.945Tm0.055(WO4)2–KLu(WO4)2 epilayers near 2 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 257–260 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  11. W. Bolanos, F. Starecki, A. Benayad, G. Brasse, V. Ménard, J.-L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, and P. Camy, “Tm:LiYF4 planar waveguide laser at 1.9 μm,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 4032–4034 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, A. Fuerbach, H. E. Heidepriem, T. M. Monro, and M. J. Withford, “Versatile large-mode-area femtosecond laser-written Tm:ZBLAN glass chip lasers,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27503–27509 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, T. M. Monro, M. Ams, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Fifty percent internal slope efficiency femtosecond direct-written Tm³⁺:ZBLAN waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1587–1589 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. K. van Dalfsen, S. Aravazhi, C. Grivas, S. M. García-Blanco, and M. Pollnau, “Thulium channel waveguide laser in a monoclinic double tungstate with 70% slope efficiency,” Opt. Lett. 37(5), 887–889 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. ISO Standard 11146, “Lasers and laser-related equipment – Test methods for laser beam widths, divergence angles and beam propagation ratios,” (2005).
  16. S. Vatnik, I. Vedin, M. Segura, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Efficient thin-disk Tm-laser operation based on Tm:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxies,” Opt. Lett. 37(3), 356–358 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (5)

M. S. Gaponenko, P. A. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing and microchip laser performance of Ng-cut Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 108(3), 603–607 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Bolanos, F. Starecki, A. Benayad, G. Brasse, V. Ménard, J.-L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, and P. Camy, “Tm:LiYF4 planar waveguide laser at 1.9 μm,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 4032–4034 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, A. Fuerbach, H. E. Heidepriem, T. M. Monro, and M. J. Withford, “Versatile large-mode-area femtosecond laser-written Tm:ZBLAN glass chip lasers,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27503–27509 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. van Dalfsen, S. Aravazhi, C. Grivas, S. M. García-Blanco, and M. Pollnau, “Thulium channel waveguide laser in a monoclinic double tungstate with 70% slope efficiency,” Opt. Lett. 37(5), 887–889 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Vatnik, I. Vedin, M. Segura, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Efficient thin-disk Tm-laser operation based on Tm:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxies,” Opt. Lett. 37(3), 356–358 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, T. M. Monro, M. Ams, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Fifty percent internal slope efficiency femtosecond direct-written Tm³⁺:ZBLAN waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1587–1589 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. A. Lagatsky, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond mode-locking in a Tm:KYW laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9995–10000 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Koopmann, R. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Crystal growth, spectroscopy, and highly efficient laser operation of thulium-doped Lu2O3 around 2 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 102(1), 19–24 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, A. Di Lieto, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, “High-efficiency diode-pumped Tm:GdLiF4 laser at 1.9 μm,” Opt. Lett. 34(22), 3559–3561 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

O. Silvestre, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “CW laser operation of KLu0.945Tm0.055(WO4)2–KLu(WO4)2 epilayers near 2 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 257–260 (2007).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. A. Mikhailov, V. I. Vlasov, A. A. Sirotkin, V. I. Podreshetnikov, Y. L. Kalachev, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Diode-pumped lasers based on GdVO4 crystal,” Laser Phys. 13, 311–318 (2003).

1998 (1)

F. F. Heine and G. Huber, “Tunable single frequency thulium:YAG microchip laser with external feedback,” Appl. Opt. 37(15), 3268–3271 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, “An efficient, diode-pumped, 2 μm Tm:YAG waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun. 142(4-6), 239–243 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

J. J. Zayhowski, J. Harrison, C. Dill, and J. Ochoa, “Tm:YVO4 microchip laser,” Appl. Opt. 34(3), 435–437 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

T. Y. Fan, G. Huber, R. L. Byer, and P. Mitzscherlich, “Spectroscopy and diode laser-pumped operation of Tm,Ho:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 924–933 (1988).
[Crossref]

Aguilo, M.

O. Silvestre, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “CW laser operation of KLu0.945Tm0.055(WO4)2–KLu(WO4)2 epilayers near 2 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 257–260 (2007).
[Crossref]

Aguiló, M.

S. Vatnik, I. Vedin, M. Segura, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Efficient thin-disk Tm-laser operation based on Tm:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxies,” Opt. Lett. 37(3), 356–358 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ams, M.

D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, T. M. Monro, M. Ams, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Fifty percent internal slope efficiency femtosecond direct-written Tm³⁺:ZBLAN waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1587–1589 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aravazhi, S.

K. van Dalfsen, S. Aravazhi, C. Grivas, S. M. García-Blanco, and M. Pollnau, “Thulium channel waveguide laser in a monoclinic double tungstate with 70% slope efficiency,” Opt. Lett. 37(5), 887–889 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benayad, A.

W. Bolanos, F. Starecki, A. Benayad, G. Brasse, V. Ménard, J.-L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, and P. Camy, “Tm:LiYF4 planar waveguide laser at 1.9 μm,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 4032–4034 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bolanos, W.

W. Bolanos, F. Starecki, A. Benayad, G. Brasse, V. Ménard, J.-L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, and P. Camy, “Tm:LiYF4 planar waveguide laser at 1.9 μm,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 4032–4034 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Borel, C.

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, “An efficient, diode-pumped, 2 μm Tm:YAG waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun. 142(4-6), 239–243 (1997).
[Crossref]

Brasse, G.

W. Bolanos, F. Starecki, A. Benayad, G. Brasse, V. Ménard, J.-L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, and P. Camy, “Tm:LiYF4 planar waveguide laser at 1.9 μm,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 4032–4034 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Braud, A.

W. Bolanos, F. Starecki, A. Benayad, G. Brasse, V. Ménard, J.-L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, and P. Camy, “Tm:LiYF4 planar waveguide laser at 1.9 μm,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 4032–4034 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brown, C. T. A.

A. A. Lagatsky, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond mode-locking in a Tm:KYW laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9995–10000 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Byer, R. L.

T. Y. Fan, G. Huber, R. L. Byer, and P. Mitzscherlich, “Spectroscopy and diode laser-pumped operation of Tm,Ho:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 924–933 (1988).
[Crossref]

Calvez, S.

A. A. Lagatsky, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond mode-locking in a Tm:KYW laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9995–10000 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Camy, P.

W. Bolanos, F. Starecki, A. Benayad, G. Brasse, V. Ménard, J.-L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, and P. Camy, “Tm:LiYF4 planar waveguide laser at 1.9 μm,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 4032–4034 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carvajal, J. J.

S. Vatnik, I. Vedin, M. Segura, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Efficient thin-disk Tm-laser operation based on Tm:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxies,” Opt. Lett. 37(3), 356–358 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chambaz, B.

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, “An efficient, diode-pumped, 2 μm Tm:YAG waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun. 142(4-6), 239–243 (1997).
[Crossref]

Coluccelli, N.

N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, A. Di Lieto, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, “High-efficiency diode-pumped Tm:GdLiF4 laser at 1.9 μm,” Opt. Lett. 34(22), 3559–3561 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cornacchia, F.

N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, A. Di Lieto, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, “High-efficiency diode-pumped Tm:GdLiF4 laser at 1.9 μm,” Opt. Lett. 34(22), 3559–3561 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dawson, M. D.

A. A. Lagatsky, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond mode-locking in a Tm:KYW laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9995–10000 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Di Lieto, A.

N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, A. Di Lieto, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, “High-efficiency diode-pumped Tm:GdLiF4 laser at 1.9 μm,” Opt. Lett. 34(22), 3559–3561 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Diaz, F.

O. Silvestre, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “CW laser operation of KLu0.945Tm0.055(WO4)2–KLu(WO4)2 epilayers near 2 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 257–260 (2007).
[Crossref]

Díaz, F.

S. Vatnik, I. Vedin, M. Segura, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Efficient thin-disk Tm-laser operation based on Tm:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxies,” Opt. Lett. 37(3), 356–358 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dill, C.

J. J. Zayhowski, J. Harrison, C. Dill, and J. Ochoa, “Tm:YVO4 microchip laser,” Appl. Opt. 34(3), 435–437 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Doualan, J.-L.

W. Bolanos, F. Starecki, A. Benayad, G. Brasse, V. Ménard, J.-L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, and P. Camy, “Tm:LiYF4 planar waveguide laser at 1.9 μm,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 4032–4034 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, T. M. Monro, M. Ams, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Fifty percent internal slope efficiency femtosecond direct-written Tm³⁺:ZBLAN waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1587–1589 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan, G. Huber, R. L. Byer, and P. Mitzscherlich, “Spectroscopy and diode laser-pumped operation of Tm,Ho:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 924–933 (1988).
[Crossref]

Ferrand, B.

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, “An efficient, diode-pumped, 2 μm Tm:YAG waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun. 142(4-6), 239–243 (1997).
[Crossref]

Fuerbach, A.

D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, A. Fuerbach, H. E. Heidepriem, T. M. Monro, and M. J. Withford, “Versatile large-mode-area femtosecond laser-written Tm:ZBLAN glass chip lasers,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27503–27509 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, T. M. Monro, M. Ams, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Fifty percent internal slope efficiency femtosecond direct-written Tm³⁺:ZBLAN waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1587–1589 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Galzerano, G.

N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, A. Di Lieto, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, “High-efficiency diode-pumped Tm:GdLiF4 laser at 1.9 μm,” Opt. Lett. 34(22), 3559–3561 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gaponenko, M. S.

M. S. Gaponenko, P. A. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing and microchip laser performance of Ng-cut Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 108(3), 603–607 (2012).
[Crossref]

García-Blanco, S. M.

K. van Dalfsen, S. Aravazhi, C. Grivas, S. M. García-Blanco, and M. Pollnau, “Thulium channel waveguide laser in a monoclinic double tungstate with 70% slope efficiency,” Opt. Lett. 37(5), 887–889 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Griebner, U.

S. Vatnik, I. Vedin, M. Segura, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Efficient thin-disk Tm-laser operation based on Tm:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxies,” Opt. Lett. 37(3), 356–358 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Silvestre, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “CW laser operation of KLu0.945Tm0.055(WO4)2–KLu(WO4)2 epilayers near 2 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 257–260 (2007).
[Crossref]

Grivas, C.

K. van Dalfsen, S. Aravazhi, C. Grivas, S. M. García-Blanco, and M. Pollnau, “Thulium channel waveguide laser in a monoclinic double tungstate with 70% slope efficiency,” Opt. Lett. 37(5), 887–889 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gross, S.

D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, A. Fuerbach, H. E. Heidepriem, T. M. Monro, and M. J. Withford, “Versatile large-mode-area femtosecond laser-written Tm:ZBLAN glass chip lasers,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27503–27509 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, T. M. Monro, M. Ams, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Fifty percent internal slope efficiency femtosecond direct-written Tm³⁺:ZBLAN waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1587–1589 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gupta, J. A.

A. A. Lagatsky, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond mode-locking in a Tm:KYW laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9995–10000 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gusakova, N. V.

M. S. Gaponenko, P. A. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing and microchip laser performance of Ng-cut Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 108(3), 603–607 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hanna, D. C.

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, “An efficient, diode-pumped, 2 μm Tm:YAG waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun. 142(4-6), 239–243 (1997).
[Crossref]

Harrison, J.

J. J. Zayhowski, J. Harrison, C. Dill, and J. Ochoa, “Tm:YVO4 microchip laser,” Appl. Opt. 34(3), 435–437 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heidepriem, H. E.

D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, A. Fuerbach, H. E. Heidepriem, T. M. Monro, and M. J. Withford, “Versatile large-mode-area femtosecond laser-written Tm:ZBLAN glass chip lasers,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27503–27509 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heine, F. F.

F. F. Heine and G. Huber, “Tunable single frequency thulium:YAG microchip laser with external feedback,” Appl. Opt. 37(15), 3268–3271 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huber, G.

P. Koopmann, R. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Crystal growth, spectroscopy, and highly efficient laser operation of thulium-doped Lu2O3 around 2 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 102(1), 19–24 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. F. Heine and G. Huber, “Tunable single frequency thulium:YAG microchip laser with external feedback,” Appl. Opt. 37(15), 3268–3271 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Y. Fan, G. Huber, R. L. Byer, and P. Mitzscherlich, “Spectroscopy and diode laser-pumped operation of Tm,Ho:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 924–933 (1988).
[Crossref]

Kalachev, Y. L.

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. A. Mikhailov, V. I. Vlasov, A. A. Sirotkin, V. I. Podreshetnikov, Y. L. Kalachev, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Diode-pumped lasers based on GdVO4 crystal,” Laser Phys. 13, 311–318 (2003).

Kisel, V. E.

A. A. Lagatsky, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond mode-locking in a Tm:KYW laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9995–10000 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koopmann, P.

P. Koopmann, R. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Crystal growth, spectroscopy, and highly efficient laser operation of thulium-doped Lu2O3 around 2 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 102(1), 19–24 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kuan, K.

D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, T. M. Monro, M. Ams, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Fifty percent internal slope efficiency femtosecond direct-written Tm³⁺:ZBLAN waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1587–1589 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuleshov, N. V.

M. S. Gaponenko, P. A. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing and microchip laser performance of Ng-cut Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 108(3), 603–607 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. A. Lagatsky, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond mode-locking in a Tm:KYW laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9995–10000 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kutovoi, S. A.

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. A. Mikhailov, V. I. Vlasov, A. A. Sirotkin, V. I. Podreshetnikov, Y. L. Kalachev, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Diode-pumped lasers based on GdVO4 crystal,” Laser Phys. 13, 311–318 (2003).

Lagatsky, A. A.

A. A. Lagatsky, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond mode-locking in a Tm:KYW laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9995–10000 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lancaster, D. G.

D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, A. Fuerbach, H. E. Heidepriem, T. M. Monro, and M. J. Withford, “Versatile large-mode-area femtosecond laser-written Tm:ZBLAN glass chip lasers,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27503–27509 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, T. M. Monro, M. Ams, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Fifty percent internal slope efficiency femtosecond direct-written Tm³⁺:ZBLAN waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1587–1589 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laporta, P.

N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, A. Di Lieto, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, “High-efficiency diode-pumped Tm:GdLiF4 laser at 1.9 μm,” Opt. Lett. 34(22), 3559–3561 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Loiko, P. A.

M. S. Gaponenko, P. A. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing and microchip laser performance of Ng-cut Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 108(3), 603–607 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mateos, X.

S. Vatnik, I. Vedin, M. Segura, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Efficient thin-disk Tm-laser operation based on Tm:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxies,” Opt. Lett. 37(3), 356–358 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Silvestre, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “CW laser operation of KLu0.945Tm0.055(WO4)2–KLu(WO4)2 epilayers near 2 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 257–260 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ménard, V.

W. Bolanos, F. Starecki, A. Benayad, G. Brasse, V. Ménard, J.-L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, and P. Camy, “Tm:LiYF4 planar waveguide laser at 1.9 μm,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 4032–4034 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mikhailov, V. A.

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. A. Mikhailov, V. I. Vlasov, A. A. Sirotkin, V. I. Podreshetnikov, Y. L. Kalachev, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Diode-pumped lasers based on GdVO4 crystal,” Laser Phys. 13, 311–318 (2003).

Mitzscherlich, P.

T. Y. Fan, G. Huber, R. L. Byer, and P. Mitzscherlich, “Spectroscopy and diode laser-pumped operation of Tm,Ho:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 924–933 (1988).
[Crossref]

Moncorgé, R.

W. Bolanos, F. Starecki, A. Benayad, G. Brasse, V. Ménard, J.-L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, and P. Camy, “Tm:LiYF4 planar waveguide laser at 1.9 μm,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 4032–4034 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Monro, T. M.

D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, A. Fuerbach, H. E. Heidepriem, T. M. Monro, and M. J. Withford, “Versatile large-mode-area femtosecond laser-written Tm:ZBLAN glass chip lasers,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27503–27509 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, T. M. Monro, M. Ams, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Fifty percent internal slope efficiency femtosecond direct-written Tm³⁺:ZBLAN waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1587–1589 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ochoa, J.

J. J. Zayhowski, J. Harrison, C. Dill, and J. Ochoa, “Tm:YVO4 microchip laser,” Appl. Opt. 34(3), 435–437 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pavlyuk, A. A.

M. S. Gaponenko, P. A. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing and microchip laser performance of Ng-cut Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 108(3), 603–607 (2012).
[Crossref]

Petermann, K.

P. Koopmann, R. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Crystal growth, spectroscopy, and highly efficient laser operation of thulium-doped Lu2O3 around 2 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 102(1), 19–24 (2011).
[Crossref]

Peters, R.

P. Koopmann, R. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Crystal growth, spectroscopy, and highly efficient laser operation of thulium-doped Lu2O3 around 2 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 102(1), 19–24 (2011).
[Crossref]

Petrov, V.

S. Vatnik, I. Vedin, M. Segura, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Efficient thin-disk Tm-laser operation based on Tm:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxies,” Opt. Lett. 37(3), 356–358 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Silvestre, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “CW laser operation of KLu0.945Tm0.055(WO4)2–KLu(WO4)2 epilayers near 2 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 257–260 (2007).
[Crossref]

Podreshetnikov, V. I.

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. A. Mikhailov, V. I. Vlasov, A. A. Sirotkin, V. I. Podreshetnikov, Y. L. Kalachev, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Diode-pumped lasers based on GdVO4 crystal,” Laser Phys. 13, 311–318 (2003).

Pollnau, M.

K. van Dalfsen, S. Aravazhi, C. Grivas, S. M. García-Blanco, and M. Pollnau, “Thulium channel waveguide laser in a monoclinic double tungstate with 70% slope efficiency,” Opt. Lett. 37(5), 887–889 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pujol, M. C.

S. Vatnik, I. Vedin, M. Segura, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Efficient thin-disk Tm-laser operation based on Tm:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxies,” Opt. Lett. 37(3), 356–358 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Silvestre, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “CW laser operation of KLu0.945Tm0.055(WO4)2–KLu(WO4)2 epilayers near 2 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 257–260 (2007).
[Crossref]

Rameix, A.

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, “An efficient, diode-pumped, 2 μm Tm:YAG waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun. 142(4-6), 239–243 (1997).
[Crossref]

Segura, M.

S. Vatnik, I. Vedin, M. Segura, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Efficient thin-disk Tm-laser operation based on Tm:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxies,” Opt. Lett. 37(3), 356–358 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shcherbakov, I. A.

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. A. Mikhailov, V. I. Vlasov, A. A. Sirotkin, V. I. Podreshetnikov, Y. L. Kalachev, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Diode-pumped lasers based on GdVO4 crystal,” Laser Phys. 13, 311–318 (2003).

Shepherd, D. P.

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, “An efficient, diode-pumped, 2 μm Tm:YAG waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun. 142(4-6), 239–243 (1997).
[Crossref]

Sibbett, W.

A. A. Lagatsky, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond mode-locking in a Tm:KYW laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9995–10000 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Silvestre, O.

O. Silvestre, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “CW laser operation of KLu0.945Tm0.055(WO4)2–KLu(WO4)2 epilayers near 2 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 257–260 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sirotkin, A. A.

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. A. Mikhailov, V. I. Vlasov, A. A. Sirotkin, V. I. Podreshetnikov, Y. L. Kalachev, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Diode-pumped lasers based on GdVO4 crystal,” Laser Phys. 13, 311–318 (2003).

Starecki, F.

W. Bolanos, F. Starecki, A. Benayad, G. Brasse, V. Ménard, J.-L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, and P. Camy, “Tm:LiYF4 planar waveguide laser at 1.9 μm,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 4032–4034 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tonelli, M.

N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, A. Di Lieto, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, “High-efficiency diode-pumped Tm:GdLiF4 laser at 1.9 μm,” Opt. Lett. 34(22), 3559–3561 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tropper, A. C.

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, “An efficient, diode-pumped, 2 μm Tm:YAG waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun. 142(4-6), 239–243 (1997).
[Crossref]

van Dalfsen, K.

K. van Dalfsen, S. Aravazhi, C. Grivas, S. M. García-Blanco, and M. Pollnau, “Thulium channel waveguide laser in a monoclinic double tungstate with 70% slope efficiency,” Opt. Lett. 37(5), 887–889 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vatnik, S.

S. Vatnik, I. Vedin, M. Segura, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Efficient thin-disk Tm-laser operation based on Tm:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxies,” Opt. Lett. 37(3), 356–358 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vedin, I.

S. Vatnik, I. Vedin, M. Segura, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Efficient thin-disk Tm-laser operation based on Tm:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxies,” Opt. Lett. 37(3), 356–358 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vlasov, V. I.

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. A. Mikhailov, V. I. Vlasov, A. A. Sirotkin, V. I. Podreshetnikov, Y. L. Kalachev, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Diode-pumped lasers based on GdVO4 crystal,” Laser Phys. 13, 311–318 (2003).

Warburton, T. J.

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, “An efficient, diode-pumped, 2 μm Tm:YAG waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun. 142(4-6), 239–243 (1997).
[Crossref]

Withford, M. J.

D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, A. Fuerbach, H. E. Heidepriem, T. M. Monro, and M. J. Withford, “Versatile large-mode-area femtosecond laser-written Tm:ZBLAN glass chip lasers,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27503–27509 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, T. M. Monro, M. Ams, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Fifty percent internal slope efficiency femtosecond direct-written Tm³⁺:ZBLAN waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1587–1589 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yumashev, K. V.

M. S. Gaponenko, P. A. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing and microchip laser performance of Ng-cut Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 108(3), 603–607 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zagumennyi, A. I.

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. A. Mikhailov, V. I. Vlasov, A. A. Sirotkin, V. I. Podreshetnikov, Y. L. Kalachev, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Diode-pumped lasers based on GdVO4 crystal,” Laser Phys. 13, 311–318 (2003).

Zavartsev, Y. D.

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. A. Mikhailov, V. I. Vlasov, A. A. Sirotkin, V. I. Podreshetnikov, Y. L. Kalachev, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Diode-pumped lasers based on GdVO4 crystal,” Laser Phys. 13, 311–318 (2003).

Zayhowski, J. J.

J. J. Zayhowski, J. Harrison, C. Dill, and J. Ochoa, “Tm:YVO4 microchip laser,” Appl. Opt. 34(3), 435–437 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (2)

F. F. Heine and G. Huber, “Tunable single frequency thulium:YAG microchip laser with external feedback,” Appl. Opt. 37(15), 3268–3271 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. J. Zayhowski, J. Harrison, C. Dill, and J. Ochoa, “Tm:YVO4 microchip laser,” Appl. Opt. 34(3), 435–437 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

M. S. Gaponenko, P. A. Loiko, N. V. Gusakova, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermal lensing and microchip laser performance of Ng-cut Tm3+:KY(WO4)2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 108(3), 603–607 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Koopmann, R. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Crystal growth, spectroscopy, and highly efficient laser operation of thulium-doped Lu2O3 around 2 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 102(1), 19–24 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

T. Y. Fan, G. Huber, R. L. Byer, and P. Mitzscherlich, “Spectroscopy and diode laser-pumped operation of Tm,Ho:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 924–933 (1988).
[Crossref]

O. Silvestre, M. C. Pujol, M. Aguilo, F. Diaz, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “CW laser operation of KLu0.945Tm0.055(WO4)2–KLu(WO4)2 epilayers near 2 μm,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 257–260 (2007).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (1)

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. A. Mikhailov, V. I. Vlasov, A. A. Sirotkin, V. I. Podreshetnikov, Y. L. Kalachev, Y. D. Zavartsev, S. A. Kutovoi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Diode-pumped lasers based on GdVO4 crystal,” Laser Phys. 13, 311–318 (2003).

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Rameix, C. Borel, B. Chambaz, B. Ferrand, D. P. Shepherd, T. J. Warburton, D. C. Hanna, and A. C. Tropper, “An efficient, diode-pumped, 2 μm Tm:YAG waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun. 142(4-6), 239–243 (1997).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

A. A. Lagatsky, S. Calvez, J. A. Gupta, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, C. T. A. Brown, M. D. Dawson, and W. Sibbett, “Broadly tunable femtosecond mode-locking in a Tm:KYW laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9995–10000 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, A. Fuerbach, H. E. Heidepriem, T. M. Monro, and M. J. Withford, “Versatile large-mode-area femtosecond laser-written Tm:ZBLAN glass chip lasers,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27503–27509 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (5)

D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, T. M. Monro, M. Ams, A. Fuerbach, and M. J. Withford, “Fifty percent internal slope efficiency femtosecond direct-written Tm³⁺:ZBLAN waveguide laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1587–1589 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. van Dalfsen, S. Aravazhi, C. Grivas, S. M. García-Blanco, and M. Pollnau, “Thulium channel waveguide laser in a monoclinic double tungstate with 70% slope efficiency,” Opt. Lett. 37(5), 887–889 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Bolanos, F. Starecki, A. Benayad, G. Brasse, V. Ménard, J.-L. Doualan, A. Braud, R. Moncorgé, and P. Camy, “Tm:LiYF4 planar waveguide laser at 1.9 μm,” Opt. Lett. 37(19), 4032–4034 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Vatnik, I. Vedin, M. Segura, X. Mateos, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Efficient thin-disk Tm-laser operation based on Tm:KLu(WO4)2/KLu(WO4)2 epitaxies,” Opt. Lett. 37(3), 356–358 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, F. Cornacchia, A. Di Lieto, M. Tonelli, and P. Laporta, “High-efficiency diode-pumped Tm:GdLiF4 laser at 1.9 μm,” Opt. Lett. 34(22), 3559–3561 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

ISO Standard 11146, “Lasers and laser-related equipment – Test methods for laser beam widths, divergence angles and beam propagation ratios,” (2005).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematics of the diode-pumped Tm:KYW laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Tm:KYW laser output power versus incident pump power.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Tm:KYW laser (TOC = 6%, output power 1.04 W) spectrum (a) and the transverse beam profile at a distance of 23 cm from the OC (b). Red lines in (b) are Gaussian fits to the experimental data. Spots on the inset picture are due to blind pixels of the camera. Part (c) presents the measurement results of the beam propagation parameter M2 (Mx2, My2<1.1).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Tm:KYW laser (TOC = 6%) output power versus absorbed pump power.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of output characteristics of thulium microchip and waveguide lasers

Tables Icon

Table 2 Output characteristics of the Tm:KYW laser

Metrics