Abstract

We report on the resonant Fabry Perot cavity of the PVLAS (Polarization of the Vacuum with LASer) experiment operating at λ = 1064 nm with a record decay time of 2.7 ms, a factor more than two larger than any previously reported optical resonator. This corresponds to a coherence length of 8.1 · 105 m. The cavity length is 3.303 m, and the resulting finesse is 770 000.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2013 (6)

F. Della Valle, U. Gastaldi, G. Messineo, E. Milotti, R. Pengo, L. Piemontese, G. Ruoso, and G. Zavattini, “Measurements of vacuum magnetic birefringence using permanent dipole magnets: the PVLAS experiment,” New J. Phys. 15, 053026 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Battesti and C. Rizzo, “Magnetic and electric properties of a quantum vacuum,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 76, 016401 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Bähre, B. Döbrich, J. Dreyling-Eschweiler, S. Ghazaryan, R. Hodajerdi, D. Horns, F. Januschek, E.A. Knabbe, A. Lindner, D. Notz, A. Ringwald, J. E. von Seggern, R. Stromhagen, D. Trines, and B. Willke, “Any light particle search II - Technical Design Report,” Journal of Instrum. 8, T09001 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Isogai, J. Miller, P. Kwee, L. Barsotti, and M. Evans, “Loss in long-storage-time optical cavities,” Opt. Express 21, 30114–30125 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Evans, L. Barsotti, P. Kwee, J. Harms, and H. Miao, “Realistic filter cavities for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Phys. Rev. D 88, 022002 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Battesti, P. Berceau, M. Fouché, G. L. Rikken, and C. Rizzo, “Quantum vacuum magneto optics,” Comptes Rendus Physique 14, 27–38 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

T. Kessler, C. Hagemann, C. Grebing, T. Legero, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, M. J. Martin, L. Chen, and J. Ye, “A sub-40-mHz-linewidth laser based on a silicon single-crystal optical cavity,” Nat. Photonics 6, 687–692 (2012).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

H. S. Margolis, “Optical frequency standards and clocks,” Contemp. Phys. 51, 37–58 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. M. Harry, “Advanced LIGO: the next generation of gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quant. Grav. 27, 084006 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, “LIGO: the laser interferometer gravitational-wave observatory,” Rep. Progr. Phys. 72, 076901 (2009)
[Crossref]

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhes, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, “Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009)
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

M. Bregant, G. Cantatore, S. Carusotto, R. Cimino, F. Della Valle, G. Di Domenico, U. Gastaldi, M. Karuza, V. Lozza, E. Milotti, E. Polacco, G. Raiteri, G. Ruoso, E. Zavattini, and G. Zavattini, “Limits on low energy photon-photon scattering from an experiment on magnetic vacuum birefringence,” Phys. Rev. D 78, 032006 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2003 (1)

J. Degallaix, C. Zhao, L. Ju, and D. Blair, “Simulation of bulk absorption thermal lensing in transmissive optics of gravitational waves detectors,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 409–414 (2003)
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

J. D. Mansell, J. Hennawi, E. K. Gustafson, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, D. Clubley, S. Yoshida, and D. H. Reitze, “Evaluating the effect of transmissive optic thermal lensing on laser beam quality with a Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor,” Appl. Opt. 40, 366374 (2001)
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

G. Cantatore, F. Della Valle, E. Milotti, P. Pace, E. Zavattini, E. Polacco, F. Perrone, C. Rizzo, G. Zavattini, and G. Ruoso, “Frequency locking of a Nd:YAG laser using the laser itself as the optical phase modulator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2785–2787 (1995)
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

1989 (1)

A. C. Nilsson, E. K. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, “Eigenpolarization theory of monolithic nonplanar ring oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 767–790 (1989)
[Crossref]

1966 (1)

Bähre, R.

R. Bähre, B. Döbrich, J. Dreyling-Eschweiler, S. Ghazaryan, R. Hodajerdi, D. Horns, F. Januschek, E.A. Knabbe, A. Lindner, D. Notz, A. Ringwald, J. E. von Seggern, R. Stromhagen, D. Trines, and B. Willke, “Any light particle search II - Technical Design Report,” Journal of Instrum. 8, T09001 (2013).
[Crossref]

Barsotti, L.

T. Isogai, J. Miller, P. Kwee, L. Barsotti, and M. Evans, “Loss in long-storage-time optical cavities,” Opt. Express 21, 30114–30125 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Evans, L. Barsotti, P. Kwee, J. Harms, and H. Miao, “Realistic filter cavities for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Phys. Rev. D 88, 022002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Battesti, R.

R. Battesti, P. Berceau, M. Fouché, G. L. Rikken, and C. Rizzo, “Quantum vacuum magneto optics,” Comptes Rendus Physique 14, 27–38 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Battesti and C. Rizzo, “Magnetic and electric properties of a quantum vacuum,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 76, 016401 (2013).
[Crossref]

Berceau, P.

R. Battesti, P. Berceau, M. Fouché, G. L. Rikken, and C. Rizzo, “Quantum vacuum magneto optics,” Comptes Rendus Physique 14, 27–38 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bize, S.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhes, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, “Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009)
[Crossref]

Blair, D.

J. Degallaix, C. Zhao, L. Ju, and D. Blair, “Simulation of bulk absorption thermal lensing in transmissive optics of gravitational waves detectors,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 409–414 (2003)
[Crossref]

Bregant, M.

M. Bregant, G. Cantatore, S. Carusotto, R. Cimino, F. Della Valle, G. Di Domenico, U. Gastaldi, M. Karuza, V. Lozza, E. Milotti, E. Polacco, G. Raiteri, G. Ruoso, E. Zavattini, and G. Zavattini, “Limits on low energy photon-photon scattering from an experiment on magnetic vacuum birefringence,” Phys. Rev. D 78, 032006 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Bregant, “Search for a magnetic birefringence of vacuum: first data of the PVLAS experiment”, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Padova, Padova (2000)

Byer, R. L.

J. D. Mansell, J. Hennawi, E. K. Gustafson, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, D. Clubley, S. Yoshida, and D. H. Reitze, “Evaluating the effect of transmissive optic thermal lensing on laser beam quality with a Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor,” Appl. Opt. 40, 366374 (2001)
[Crossref]

A. C. Nilsson, E. K. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, “Eigenpolarization theory of monolithic nonplanar ring oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 767–790 (1989)
[Crossref]

Cantatore, G.

M. Bregant, G. Cantatore, S. Carusotto, R. Cimino, F. Della Valle, G. Di Domenico, U. Gastaldi, M. Karuza, V. Lozza, E. Milotti, E. Polacco, G. Raiteri, G. Ruoso, E. Zavattini, and G. Zavattini, “Limits on low energy photon-photon scattering from an experiment on magnetic vacuum birefringence,” Phys. Rev. D 78, 032006 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Cantatore, F. Della Valle, E. Milotti, P. Pace, E. Zavattini, E. Polacco, F. Perrone, C. Rizzo, G. Zavattini, and G. Ruoso, “Frequency locking of a Nd:YAG laser using the laser itself as the optical phase modulator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2785–2787 (1995)
[Crossref]

Carusotto, S.

M. Bregant, G. Cantatore, S. Carusotto, R. Cimino, F. Della Valle, G. Di Domenico, U. Gastaldi, M. Karuza, V. Lozza, E. Milotti, E. Polacco, G. Raiteri, G. Ruoso, E. Zavattini, and G. Zavattini, “Limits on low energy photon-photon scattering from an experiment on magnetic vacuum birefringence,” Phys. Rev. D 78, 032006 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

T. Kessler, C. Hagemann, C. Grebing, T. Legero, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, M. J. Martin, L. Chen, and J. Ye, “A sub-40-mHz-linewidth laser based on a silicon single-crystal optical cavity,” Nat. Photonics 6, 687–692 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cimino, R.

M. Bregant, G. Cantatore, S. Carusotto, R. Cimino, F. Della Valle, G. Di Domenico, U. Gastaldi, M. Karuza, V. Lozza, E. Milotti, E. Polacco, G. Raiteri, G. Ruoso, E. Zavattini, and G. Zavattini, “Limits on low energy photon-photon scattering from an experiment on magnetic vacuum birefringence,” Phys. Rev. D 78, 032006 (2008).
[Crossref]

Clubley, D.

J. D. Mansell, J. Hennawi, E. K. Gustafson, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, D. Clubley, S. Yoshida, and D. H. Reitze, “Evaluating the effect of transmissive optic thermal lensing on laser beam quality with a Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor,” Appl. Opt. 40, 366374 (2001)
[Crossref]

Degallaix, J.

J. Degallaix, C. Zhao, L. Ju, and D. Blair, “Simulation of bulk absorption thermal lensing in transmissive optics of gravitational waves detectors,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 409–414 (2003)
[Crossref]

Della Valle, F.

F. Della Valle, U. Gastaldi, G. Messineo, E. Milotti, R. Pengo, L. Piemontese, G. Ruoso, and G. Zavattini, “Measurements of vacuum magnetic birefringence using permanent dipole magnets: the PVLAS experiment,” New J. Phys. 15, 053026 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Bregant, G. Cantatore, S. Carusotto, R. Cimino, F. Della Valle, G. Di Domenico, U. Gastaldi, M. Karuza, V. Lozza, E. Milotti, E. Polacco, G. Raiteri, G. Ruoso, E. Zavattini, and G. Zavattini, “Limits on low energy photon-photon scattering from an experiment on magnetic vacuum birefringence,” Phys. Rev. D 78, 032006 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Cantatore, F. Della Valle, E. Milotti, P. Pace, E. Zavattini, E. Polacco, F. Perrone, C. Rizzo, G. Zavattini, and G. Ruoso, “Frequency locking of a Nd:YAG laser using the laser itself as the optical phase modulator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2785–2787 (1995)
[Crossref]

Di Domenico, G.

M. Bregant, G. Cantatore, S. Carusotto, R. Cimino, F. Della Valle, G. Di Domenico, U. Gastaldi, M. Karuza, V. Lozza, E. Milotti, E. Polacco, G. Raiteri, G. Ruoso, E. Zavattini, and G. Zavattini, “Limits on low energy photon-photon scattering from an experiment on magnetic vacuum birefringence,” Phys. Rev. D 78, 032006 (2008).
[Crossref]

Döbrich, B.

R. Bähre, B. Döbrich, J. Dreyling-Eschweiler, S. Ghazaryan, R. Hodajerdi, D. Horns, F. Januschek, E.A. Knabbe, A. Lindner, D. Notz, A. Ringwald, J. E. von Seggern, R. Stromhagen, D. Trines, and B. Willke, “Any light particle search II - Technical Design Report,” Journal of Instrum. 8, T09001 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dreyling-Eschweiler, J.

R. Bähre, B. Döbrich, J. Dreyling-Eschweiler, S. Ghazaryan, R. Hodajerdi, D. Horns, F. Januschek, E.A. Knabbe, A. Lindner, D. Notz, A. Ringwald, J. E. von Seggern, R. Stromhagen, D. Trines, and B. Willke, “Any light particle search II - Technical Design Report,” Journal of Instrum. 8, T09001 (2013).
[Crossref]

English, E. M. L.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhes, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, “Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009)
[Crossref]

Evans, M.

T. Isogai, J. Miller, P. Kwee, L. Barsotti, and M. Evans, “Loss in long-storage-time optical cavities,” Opt. Express 21, 30114–30125 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Evans, L. Barsotti, P. Kwee, J. Harms, and H. Miao, “Realistic filter cavities for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Phys. Rev. D 88, 022002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fejer, M. M.

J. D. Mansell, J. Hennawi, E. K. Gustafson, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, D. Clubley, S. Yoshida, and D. H. Reitze, “Evaluating the effect of transmissive optic thermal lensing on laser beam quality with a Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor,” Appl. Opt. 40, 366374 (2001)
[Crossref]

Fouché, M.

R. Battesti, P. Berceau, M. Fouché, G. L. Rikken, and C. Rizzo, “Quantum vacuum magneto optics,” Comptes Rendus Physique 14, 27–38 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gastaldi, U.

F. Della Valle, U. Gastaldi, G. Messineo, E. Milotti, R. Pengo, L. Piemontese, G. Ruoso, and G. Zavattini, “Measurements of vacuum magnetic birefringence using permanent dipole magnets: the PVLAS experiment,” New J. Phys. 15, 053026 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Bregant, G. Cantatore, S. Carusotto, R. Cimino, F. Della Valle, G. Di Domenico, U. Gastaldi, M. Karuza, V. Lozza, E. Milotti, E. Polacco, G. Raiteri, G. Ruoso, E. Zavattini, and G. Zavattini, “Limits on low energy photon-photon scattering from an experiment on magnetic vacuum birefringence,” Phys. Rev. D 78, 032006 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ghazaryan, S.

R. Bähre, B. Döbrich, J. Dreyling-Eschweiler, S. Ghazaryan, R. Hodajerdi, D. Horns, F. Januschek, E.A. Knabbe, A. Lindner, D. Notz, A. Ringwald, J. E. von Seggern, R. Stromhagen, D. Trines, and B. Willke, “Any light particle search II - Technical Design Report,” Journal of Instrum. 8, T09001 (2013).
[Crossref]

Grebing, C.

T. Kessler, C. Hagemann, C. Grebing, T. Legero, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, M. J. Martin, L. Chen, and J. Ye, “A sub-40-mHz-linewidth laser based on a silicon single-crystal optical cavity,” Nat. Photonics 6, 687–692 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gustafson, E. K.

J. D. Mansell, J. Hennawi, E. K. Gustafson, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, D. Clubley, S. Yoshida, and D. H. Reitze, “Evaluating the effect of transmissive optic thermal lensing on laser beam quality with a Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor,” Appl. Opt. 40, 366374 (2001)
[Crossref]

A. C. Nilsson, E. K. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, “Eigenpolarization theory of monolithic nonplanar ring oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 767–790 (1989)
[Crossref]

Hagemann, C.

T. Kessler, C. Hagemann, C. Grebing, T. Legero, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, M. J. Martin, L. Chen, and J. Ye, “A sub-40-mHz-linewidth laser based on a silicon single-crystal optical cavity,” Nat. Photonics 6, 687–692 (2012).
[Crossref]

Harms, J.

M. Evans, L. Barsotti, P. Kwee, J. Harms, and H. Miao, “Realistic filter cavities for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Phys. Rev. D 88, 022002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Harry, G. M.

G. M. Harry, “Advanced LIGO: the next generation of gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quant. Grav. 27, 084006 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hennawi, J.

J. D. Mansell, J. Hennawi, E. K. Gustafson, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, D. Clubley, S. Yoshida, and D. H. Reitze, “Evaluating the effect of transmissive optic thermal lensing on laser beam quality with a Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor,” Appl. Opt. 40, 366374 (2001)
[Crossref]

Hodajerdi, R.

R. Bähre, B. Döbrich, J. Dreyling-Eschweiler, S. Ghazaryan, R. Hodajerdi, D. Horns, F. Januschek, E.A. Knabbe, A. Lindner, D. Notz, A. Ringwald, J. E. von Seggern, R. Stromhagen, D. Trines, and B. Willke, “Any light particle search II - Technical Design Report,” Journal of Instrum. 8, T09001 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hodgson, N.

N. Hodgson and H. Weber, Laser Resonators and Beam Propagation, 2 (Springer Science + Business Media Inc, 2005).

Horns, D.

R. Bähre, B. Döbrich, J. Dreyling-Eschweiler, S. Ghazaryan, R. Hodajerdi, D. Horns, F. Januschek, E.A. Knabbe, A. Lindner, D. Notz, A. Ringwald, J. E. von Seggern, R. Stromhagen, D. Trines, and B. Willke, “Any light particle search II - Technical Design Report,” Journal of Instrum. 8, T09001 (2013).
[Crossref]

Isogai, T.

Januschek, F.

R. Bähre, B. Döbrich, J. Dreyling-Eschweiler, S. Ghazaryan, R. Hodajerdi, D. Horns, F. Januschek, E.A. Knabbe, A. Lindner, D. Notz, A. Ringwald, J. E. von Seggern, R. Stromhagen, D. Trines, and B. Willke, “Any light particle search II - Technical Design Report,” Journal of Instrum. 8, T09001 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ju, L.

J. Degallaix, C. Zhao, L. Ju, and D. Blair, “Simulation of bulk absorption thermal lensing in transmissive optics of gravitational waves detectors,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 409–414 (2003)
[Crossref]

Karuza, M.

M. Bregant, G. Cantatore, S. Carusotto, R. Cimino, F. Della Valle, G. Di Domenico, U. Gastaldi, M. Karuza, V. Lozza, E. Milotti, E. Polacco, G. Raiteri, G. Ruoso, E. Zavattini, and G. Zavattini, “Limits on low energy photon-photon scattering from an experiment on magnetic vacuum birefringence,” Phys. Rev. D 78, 032006 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kessler, T.

T. Kessler, C. Hagemann, C. Grebing, T. Legero, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, M. J. Martin, L. Chen, and J. Ye, “A sub-40-mHz-linewidth laser based on a silicon single-crystal optical cavity,” Nat. Photonics 6, 687–692 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kimble, H.J.

Knabbe, E.A.

R. Bähre, B. Döbrich, J. Dreyling-Eschweiler, S. Ghazaryan, R. Hodajerdi, D. Horns, F. Januschek, E.A. Knabbe, A. Lindner, D. Notz, A. Ringwald, J. E. von Seggern, R. Stromhagen, D. Trines, and B. Willke, “Any light particle search II - Technical Design Report,” Journal of Instrum. 8, T09001 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kogelnik, H.

Kwee, P.

M. Evans, L. Barsotti, P. Kwee, J. Harms, and H. Miao, “Realistic filter cavities for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Phys. Rev. D 88, 022002 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Isogai, J. Miller, P. Kwee, L. Barsotti, and M. Evans, “Loss in long-storage-time optical cavities,” Opt. Express 21, 30114–30125 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lalezari, R.

Le Coq, Y.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhes, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, “Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009)
[Crossref]

Legero, T.

T. Kessler, C. Hagemann, C. Grebing, T. Legero, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, M. J. Martin, L. Chen, and J. Ye, “A sub-40-mHz-linewidth laser based on a silicon single-crystal optical cavity,” Nat. Photonics 6, 687–692 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lemonde, P.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhes, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, “Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009)
[Crossref]

Li, T.

Lindner, A.

R. Bähre, B. Döbrich, J. Dreyling-Eschweiler, S. Ghazaryan, R. Hodajerdi, D. Horns, F. Januschek, E.A. Knabbe, A. Lindner, D. Notz, A. Ringwald, J. E. von Seggern, R. Stromhagen, D. Trines, and B. Willke, “Any light particle search II - Technical Design Report,” Journal of Instrum. 8, T09001 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lodewyck, J.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhes, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, “Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009)
[Crossref]

Lozza, V.

M. Bregant, G. Cantatore, S. Carusotto, R. Cimino, F. Della Valle, G. Di Domenico, U. Gastaldi, M. Karuza, V. Lozza, E. Milotti, E. Polacco, G. Raiteri, G. Ruoso, E. Zavattini, and G. Zavattini, “Limits on low energy photon-photon scattering from an experiment on magnetic vacuum birefringence,” Phys. Rev. D 78, 032006 (2008).
[Crossref]

Magalhes, D. V.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhes, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, “Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009)
[Crossref]

Mandache, C.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhes, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, “Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009)
[Crossref]

Mansell, J. D.

J. D. Mansell, J. Hennawi, E. K. Gustafson, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, D. Clubley, S. Yoshida, and D. H. Reitze, “Evaluating the effect of transmissive optic thermal lensing on laser beam quality with a Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor,” Appl. Opt. 40, 366374 (2001)
[Crossref]

Margolis, H. S.

H. S. Margolis, “Optical frequency standards and clocks,” Contemp. Phys. 51, 37–58 (2010).
[Crossref]

Martin, M. J.

T. Kessler, C. Hagemann, C. Grebing, T. Legero, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, M. J. Martin, L. Chen, and J. Ye, “A sub-40-mHz-linewidth laser based on a silicon single-crystal optical cavity,” Nat. Photonics 6, 687–692 (2012).
[Crossref]

Messineo, G.

F. Della Valle, U. Gastaldi, G. Messineo, E. Milotti, R. Pengo, L. Piemontese, G. Ruoso, and G. Zavattini, “Measurements of vacuum magnetic birefringence using permanent dipole magnets: the PVLAS experiment,” New J. Phys. 15, 053026 (2013).
[Crossref]

Miao, H.

M. Evans, L. Barsotti, P. Kwee, J. Harms, and H. Miao, “Realistic filter cavities for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Phys. Rev. D 88, 022002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Miller, J.

Millo, J.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhes, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, “Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009)
[Crossref]

Milotti, E.

F. Della Valle, U. Gastaldi, G. Messineo, E. Milotti, R. Pengo, L. Piemontese, G. Ruoso, and G. Zavattini, “Measurements of vacuum magnetic birefringence using permanent dipole magnets: the PVLAS experiment,” New J. Phys. 15, 053026 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Bregant, G. Cantatore, S. Carusotto, R. Cimino, F. Della Valle, G. Di Domenico, U. Gastaldi, M. Karuza, V. Lozza, E. Milotti, E. Polacco, G. Raiteri, G. Ruoso, E. Zavattini, and G. Zavattini, “Limits on low energy photon-photon scattering from an experiment on magnetic vacuum birefringence,” Phys. Rev. D 78, 032006 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Cantatore, F. Della Valle, E. Milotti, P. Pace, E. Zavattini, E. Polacco, F. Perrone, C. Rizzo, G. Zavattini, and G. Ruoso, “Frequency locking of a Nd:YAG laser using the laser itself as the optical phase modulator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2785–2787 (1995)
[Crossref]

Nilsson, A. C.

A. C. Nilsson, E. K. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, “Eigenpolarization theory of monolithic nonplanar ring oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 767–790 (1989)
[Crossref]

Notz, D.

R. Bähre, B. Döbrich, J. Dreyling-Eschweiler, S. Ghazaryan, R. Hodajerdi, D. Horns, F. Januschek, E.A. Knabbe, A. Lindner, D. Notz, A. Ringwald, J. E. von Seggern, R. Stromhagen, D. Trines, and B. Willke, “Any light particle search II - Technical Design Report,” Journal of Instrum. 8, T09001 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pace, P.

G. Cantatore, F. Della Valle, E. Milotti, P. Pace, E. Zavattini, E. Polacco, F. Perrone, C. Rizzo, G. Zavattini, and G. Ruoso, “Frequency locking of a Nd:YAG laser using the laser itself as the optical phase modulator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2785–2787 (1995)
[Crossref]

Pengo, R.

F. Della Valle, U. Gastaldi, G. Messineo, E. Milotti, R. Pengo, L. Piemontese, G. Ruoso, and G. Zavattini, “Measurements of vacuum magnetic birefringence using permanent dipole magnets: the PVLAS experiment,” New J. Phys. 15, 053026 (2013).
[Crossref]

Perrone, F.

G. Cantatore, F. Della Valle, E. Milotti, P. Pace, E. Zavattini, E. Polacco, F. Perrone, C. Rizzo, G. Zavattini, and G. Ruoso, “Frequency locking of a Nd:YAG laser using the laser itself as the optical phase modulator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2785–2787 (1995)
[Crossref]

Piemontese, L.

F. Della Valle, U. Gastaldi, G. Messineo, E. Milotti, R. Pengo, L. Piemontese, G. Ruoso, and G. Zavattini, “Measurements of vacuum magnetic birefringence using permanent dipole magnets: the PVLAS experiment,” New J. Phys. 15, 053026 (2013).
[Crossref]

Polacco, E.

M. Bregant, G. Cantatore, S. Carusotto, R. Cimino, F. Della Valle, G. Di Domenico, U. Gastaldi, M. Karuza, V. Lozza, E. Milotti, E. Polacco, G. Raiteri, G. Ruoso, E. Zavattini, and G. Zavattini, “Limits on low energy photon-photon scattering from an experiment on magnetic vacuum birefringence,” Phys. Rev. D 78, 032006 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Cantatore, F. Della Valle, E. Milotti, P. Pace, E. Zavattini, E. Polacco, F. Perrone, C. Rizzo, G. Zavattini, and G. Ruoso, “Frequency locking of a Nd:YAG laser using the laser itself as the optical phase modulator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2785–2787 (1995)
[Crossref]

Raiteri, G.

M. Bregant, G. Cantatore, S. Carusotto, R. Cimino, F. Della Valle, G. Di Domenico, U. Gastaldi, M. Karuza, V. Lozza, E. Milotti, E. Polacco, G. Raiteri, G. Ruoso, E. Zavattini, and G. Zavattini, “Limits on low energy photon-photon scattering from an experiment on magnetic vacuum birefringence,” Phys. Rev. D 78, 032006 (2008).
[Crossref]

Reitze, D. H.

J. D. Mansell, J. Hennawi, E. K. Gustafson, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, D. Clubley, S. Yoshida, and D. H. Reitze, “Evaluating the effect of transmissive optic thermal lensing on laser beam quality with a Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor,” Appl. Opt. 40, 366374 (2001)
[Crossref]

Rempe, G.

Riehle, F.

T. Kessler, C. Hagemann, C. Grebing, T. Legero, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, M. J. Martin, L. Chen, and J. Ye, “A sub-40-mHz-linewidth laser based on a silicon single-crystal optical cavity,” Nat. Photonics 6, 687–692 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rikken, G. L.

R. Battesti, P. Berceau, M. Fouché, G. L. Rikken, and C. Rizzo, “Quantum vacuum magneto optics,” Comptes Rendus Physique 14, 27–38 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ringwald, A.

R. Bähre, B. Döbrich, J. Dreyling-Eschweiler, S. Ghazaryan, R. Hodajerdi, D. Horns, F. Januschek, E.A. Knabbe, A. Lindner, D. Notz, A. Ringwald, J. E. von Seggern, R. Stromhagen, D. Trines, and B. Willke, “Any light particle search II - Technical Design Report,” Journal of Instrum. 8, T09001 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rizzo, C.

R. Battesti and C. Rizzo, “Magnetic and electric properties of a quantum vacuum,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 76, 016401 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Battesti, P. Berceau, M. Fouché, G. L. Rikken, and C. Rizzo, “Quantum vacuum magneto optics,” Comptes Rendus Physique 14, 27–38 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Cantatore, F. Della Valle, E. Milotti, P. Pace, E. Zavattini, E. Polacco, F. Perrone, C. Rizzo, G. Zavattini, and G. Ruoso, “Frequency locking of a Nd:YAG laser using the laser itself as the optical phase modulator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2785–2787 (1995)
[Crossref]

Ruoso, G.

F. Della Valle, U. Gastaldi, G. Messineo, E. Milotti, R. Pengo, L. Piemontese, G. Ruoso, and G. Zavattini, “Measurements of vacuum magnetic birefringence using permanent dipole magnets: the PVLAS experiment,” New J. Phys. 15, 053026 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Bregant, G. Cantatore, S. Carusotto, R. Cimino, F. Della Valle, G. Di Domenico, U. Gastaldi, M. Karuza, V. Lozza, E. Milotti, E. Polacco, G. Raiteri, G. Ruoso, E. Zavattini, and G. Zavattini, “Limits on low energy photon-photon scattering from an experiment on magnetic vacuum birefringence,” Phys. Rev. D 78, 032006 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Cantatore, F. Della Valle, E. Milotti, P. Pace, E. Zavattini, E. Polacco, F. Perrone, C. Rizzo, G. Zavattini, and G. Ruoso, “Frequency locking of a Nd:YAG laser using the laser itself as the optical phase modulator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2785–2787 (1995)
[Crossref]

Santarelli, G.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhes, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, “Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009)
[Crossref]

Sterr, U.

T. Kessler, C. Hagemann, C. Grebing, T. Legero, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, M. J. Martin, L. Chen, and J. Ye, “A sub-40-mHz-linewidth laser based on a silicon single-crystal optical cavity,” Nat. Photonics 6, 687–692 (2012).
[Crossref]

Stromhagen, R.

R. Bähre, B. Döbrich, J. Dreyling-Eschweiler, S. Ghazaryan, R. Hodajerdi, D. Horns, F. Januschek, E.A. Knabbe, A. Lindner, D. Notz, A. Ringwald, J. E. von Seggern, R. Stromhagen, D. Trines, and B. Willke, “Any light particle search II - Technical Design Report,” Journal of Instrum. 8, T09001 (2013).
[Crossref]

Thompson, R. J.

Trines, D.

R. Bähre, B. Döbrich, J. Dreyling-Eschweiler, S. Ghazaryan, R. Hodajerdi, D. Horns, F. Januschek, E.A. Knabbe, A. Lindner, D. Notz, A. Ringwald, J. E. von Seggern, R. Stromhagen, D. Trines, and B. Willke, “Any light particle search II - Technical Design Report,” Journal of Instrum. 8, T09001 (2013).
[Crossref]

von Seggern, J. E.

R. Bähre, B. Döbrich, J. Dreyling-Eschweiler, S. Ghazaryan, R. Hodajerdi, D. Horns, F. Januschek, E.A. Knabbe, A. Lindner, D. Notz, A. Ringwald, J. E. von Seggern, R. Stromhagen, D. Trines, and B. Willke, “Any light particle search II - Technical Design Report,” Journal of Instrum. 8, T09001 (2013).
[Crossref]

Weber, H.

N. Hodgson and H. Weber, Laser Resonators and Beam Propagation, 2 (Springer Science + Business Media Inc, 2005).

Westergaard, P. G.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhes, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, “Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009)
[Crossref]

Willke, B.

R. Bähre, B. Döbrich, J. Dreyling-Eschweiler, S. Ghazaryan, R. Hodajerdi, D. Horns, F. Januschek, E.A. Knabbe, A. Lindner, D. Notz, A. Ringwald, J. E. von Seggern, R. Stromhagen, D. Trines, and B. Willke, “Any light particle search II - Technical Design Report,” Journal of Instrum. 8, T09001 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ye, J.

T. Kessler, C. Hagemann, C. Grebing, T. Legero, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, M. J. Martin, L. Chen, and J. Ye, “A sub-40-mHz-linewidth laser based on a silicon single-crystal optical cavity,” Nat. Photonics 6, 687–692 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, S.

J. D. Mansell, J. Hennawi, E. K. Gustafson, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, D. Clubley, S. Yoshida, and D. H. Reitze, “Evaluating the effect of transmissive optic thermal lensing on laser beam quality with a Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor,” Appl. Opt. 40, 366374 (2001)
[Crossref]

Zavattini, E.

M. Bregant, G. Cantatore, S. Carusotto, R. Cimino, F. Della Valle, G. Di Domenico, U. Gastaldi, M. Karuza, V. Lozza, E. Milotti, E. Polacco, G. Raiteri, G. Ruoso, E. Zavattini, and G. Zavattini, “Limits on low energy photon-photon scattering from an experiment on magnetic vacuum birefringence,” Phys. Rev. D 78, 032006 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Cantatore, F. Della Valle, E. Milotti, P. Pace, E. Zavattini, E. Polacco, F. Perrone, C. Rizzo, G. Zavattini, and G. Ruoso, “Frequency locking of a Nd:YAG laser using the laser itself as the optical phase modulator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2785–2787 (1995)
[Crossref]

Zavattini, G.

F. Della Valle, U. Gastaldi, G. Messineo, E. Milotti, R. Pengo, L. Piemontese, G. Ruoso, and G. Zavattini, “Measurements of vacuum magnetic birefringence using permanent dipole magnets: the PVLAS experiment,” New J. Phys. 15, 053026 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Bregant, G. Cantatore, S. Carusotto, R. Cimino, F. Della Valle, G. Di Domenico, U. Gastaldi, M. Karuza, V. Lozza, E. Milotti, E. Polacco, G. Raiteri, G. Ruoso, E. Zavattini, and G. Zavattini, “Limits on low energy photon-photon scattering from an experiment on magnetic vacuum birefringence,” Phys. Rev. D 78, 032006 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Cantatore, F. Della Valle, E. Milotti, P. Pace, E. Zavattini, E. Polacco, F. Perrone, C. Rizzo, G. Zavattini, and G. Ruoso, “Frequency locking of a Nd:YAG laser using the laser itself as the optical phase modulator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2785–2787 (1995)
[Crossref]

Zhao, C.

J. Degallaix, C. Zhao, L. Ju, and D. Blair, “Simulation of bulk absorption thermal lensing in transmissive optics of gravitational waves detectors,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 409–414 (2003)
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (3)

H. Kogelnik and T. Li, “Laser beam and resonators,” Appl. Opt. 5, 1550–1567 (1966).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. D. Mansell, J. Hennawi, E. K. Gustafson, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, D. Clubley, S. Yoshida, and D. H. Reitze, “Evaluating the effect of transmissive optic thermal lensing on laser beam quality with a Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor,” Appl. Opt. 40, 366374 (2001)
[Crossref]

The Virgo Collaboration, “Measurement of the optical parameters of the Virgo interferometer,” Appl. Opt. 46, 3466–3484 (2007)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. Degallaix, C. Zhao, L. Ju, and D. Blair, “Simulation of bulk absorption thermal lensing in transmissive optics of gravitational waves detectors,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 409–414 (2003)
[Crossref]

Class. Quant. Grav. (1)

G. M. Harry, “Advanced LIGO: the next generation of gravitational wave detectors,” Class. Quant. Grav. 27, 084006 (2010).
[Crossref]

Comptes Rendus Physique (1)

R. Battesti, P. Berceau, M. Fouché, G. L. Rikken, and C. Rizzo, “Quantum vacuum magneto optics,” Comptes Rendus Physique 14, 27–38 (2013).
[Crossref]

Contemp. Phys. (1)

H. S. Margolis, “Optical frequency standards and clocks,” Contemp. Phys. 51, 37–58 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. C. Nilsson, E. K. Gustafson, and R. L. Byer, “Eigenpolarization theory of monolithic nonplanar ring oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 767–790 (1989)
[Crossref]

Journal of Instrum. (1)

R. Bähre, B. Döbrich, J. Dreyling-Eschweiler, S. Ghazaryan, R. Hodajerdi, D. Horns, F. Januschek, E.A. Knabbe, A. Lindner, D. Notz, A. Ringwald, J. E. von Seggern, R. Stromhagen, D. Trines, and B. Willke, “Any light particle search II - Technical Design Report,” Journal of Instrum. 8, T09001 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

T. Kessler, C. Hagemann, C. Grebing, T. Legero, U. Sterr, F. Riehle, M. J. Martin, L. Chen, and J. Ye, “A sub-40-mHz-linewidth laser based on a silicon single-crystal optical cavity,” Nat. Photonics 6, 687–692 (2012).
[Crossref]

New J. Phys. (1)

F. Della Valle, U. Gastaldi, G. Messineo, E. Milotti, R. Pengo, L. Piemontese, G. Ruoso, and G. Zavattini, “Measurements of vacuum magnetic birefringence using permanent dipole magnets: the PVLAS experiment,” New J. Phys. 15, 053026 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhes, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, “Ultrastable lasers based on vibration insensitive cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009)
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. D (2)

M. Bregant, G. Cantatore, S. Carusotto, R. Cimino, F. Della Valle, G. Di Domenico, U. Gastaldi, M. Karuza, V. Lozza, E. Milotti, E. Polacco, G. Raiteri, G. Ruoso, E. Zavattini, and G. Zavattini, “Limits on low energy photon-photon scattering from an experiment on magnetic vacuum birefringence,” Phys. Rev. D 78, 032006 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Evans, L. Barsotti, P. Kwee, J. Harms, and H. Miao, “Realistic filter cavities for advanced gravitational wave detectors,” Phys. Rev. D 88, 022002 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

R. Battesti and C. Rizzo, “Magnetic and electric properties of a quantum vacuum,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 76, 016401 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rep. Progr. Phys. (1)

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, “LIGO: the laser interferometer gravitational-wave observatory,” Rep. Progr. Phys. 72, 076901 (2009)
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

G. Cantatore, F. Della Valle, E. Milotti, P. Pace, E. Zavattini, E. Polacco, F. Perrone, C. Rizzo, G. Zavattini, and G. Ruoso, “Frequency locking of a Nd:YAG laser using the laser itself as the optical phase modulator,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2785–2787 (1995)
[Crossref]

Other (3)

M. Bregant, “Search for a magnetic birefringence of vacuum: first data of the PVLAS experiment”, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Padova, Padova (2000)

The Virgo Collaboration, “Advanced Virgo Baseline Design,” Virgo Technical Report VIR-0027A-09 (2009).

N. Hodgson and H. Weber, Laser Resonators and Beam Propagation, 2 (Springer Science + Business Media Inc, 2005).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Scheme of the apparatus. The granite optical table, 4.8 m × 1.5 m, is shown together with the optical components and the five vacuum chambers. The two magnets, which play no role in the present work and are shown only for the sake of completeness, are used in the PVLAS experiment to generate a magnetic birefringence. HWP = Half wave plate; P = Polarizer; A = Analyzer; WPs = Wave plates; PRF = Reflection photodiode; PTR = Transmission photodiode; PEXT = Extinction photodiode.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 A wide-angle picture of the PVLAS apparatus. The two blue cylinders are the permanent magnets: they are hanging from an aluminium structure mechanically decoupled from the rest of the optical table.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Decay of the light transmitted from the cavity after switching off the laser frequency locking system. The decay is fitted with the exponential function a + bet/τd, and gives for the decay time τd = 2.70 ± 0.02 ms.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Values of the finesse for different TEMmn modes of the 17 mm Fabry Perot cavity.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of a few Fabry Perot cavities with longest decay time ever realized, together with the highest finesse for λ = 1064 nm and the highest finesse in absolute. The coherence length is defined as c = d.

Equations (10)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

τ d = d π c
δ ν c = 1 2 π τ d .
= π R m e 2 α d 1 R m e 2 α d π T m + P m + 2 α d
T FP = P t P in P nc
R FP = P r P nc P in P nc
T FP = ( T m T m + P m ) 2
R FP = ( P m T m + P m ) 2
P t P in = 0.31 ± 0.02 ; P r P in = 0.25 ± 0.02
T m = ( 2.4 ± 0.2 ) ppm ; P m = ( 1.7 ± 0.2 ) ppm ; P nc / P in = 0.09 ± 0.04
L ( n ) = 2 w m 17 mm 2 n + 1

Metrics