Abstract

We demonstrated a high-repetition-rate Q-switched fiber laser with topological insulator Bi2Se3 absorber. The absorber was made into a film structure by spin-coating method using few-layer Bi2Se3 nano-platelets which had regular shape. The uniform film had a low saturable optical intensity of 11 MW/cm2, which is the lowest saturable optical intensity in the saturable absorbers made by topological insulator till now. By inserting the absorber film into an Erbium-doped fiber laser, a high-repetition Q-switched laser with the repetition rates from 459 kHz to 940 kHz was achieved. The maximum output power was 22.35 mW with the shortest pulse duration of 1.9 μs. To the best of our knowledge, both of the repetition rate and the output power were the highest values among the Q-switched fiber lasers with topological insulator absorber.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2014 (2)

2013 (3)

2012 (4)

A. Yu. Chamorovskiy, A. V. Marakulin, A. S. Kurkov, T. Leinonen, O. G. Okhotnikov, “High-repetition-rate Q-switched holmium fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(3), 679–683 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Zhao, Y. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Wei, D. P. Zhou, H. Y. Fan, W. K. Liu, “Graphene-based Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with wide pulse repetition-rate range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(4), 309–311 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

J. Zhang, Z. Peng, A. Soni, Y. Zhao, Y. Xiong, B. Peng, J. Wang, M. S. Dresselhaus, Q. Xiong, “Raman spectroscopy of few-quintuple layer topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanoplatelets,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2407–2414 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, S. Wu, Q. H. Yang, P. Wang, “Stable nanosecond pulse generation from a graphene-based passively Q-switched Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(20), 4008–4010 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Cheng, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, G. Zhang, B. Zhao, Y. G. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:Lu0.33Y0.37Gd0.3VO4 laser using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturableab sorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(6), 418–422 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

W. Shi, S. Kerr, I. Utkin, J. Ranasinghesagara, L. Pan, Y. Godwal, R. J. Zemp, R. Fedosejevs, “Optical resolution photoacoustic microscopy using novel high-repetition-rate passively Q-switched microchip and fiber lasers,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(5), 056017 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3, Sb2Te3 with a single dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, K. P. Loh, “Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17630–17635 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2004 (1)

1996 (2)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, J. Ausder Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

B. Braun, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, “Passively Q-switched 180-ps Nd:LaSc3(BO3)4 microchip laser,” Opt. Lett. 21(6), 405–407 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ausder Au, J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, J. Ausder Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bao, Q.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bao, Q. L.

Braun, B.

B. Braun, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, “Passively Q-switched 180-ps Nd:LaSc3(BO3)4 microchip laser,” Opt. Lett. 21(6), 405–407 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, J. Ausder Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cai, Z. P.

Chamorovskiy, A. Yu.

A. Yu. Chamorovskiy, A. V. Marakulin, A. S. Kurkov, T. Leinonen, O. G. Okhotnikov, “High-repetition-rate Q-switched holmium fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(3), 679–683 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, T.

Chen, Y.

C. J. Zhao, Y. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, H. H.

Cheng, K.

K. Cheng, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, G. Zhang, B. Zhao, Y. G. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:Lu0.33Y0.37Gd0.3VO4 laser using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturableab sorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(6), 418–422 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dai, X.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3, Sb2Te3 with a single dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dong, B.

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dresselhaus, M. S.

J. Zhang, Z. Peng, A. Soni, Y. Zhao, Y. Xiong, B. Peng, J. Wang, M. S. Dresselhaus, Q. Xiong, “Raman spectroscopy of few-quintuple layer topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanoplatelets,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2407–2414 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, D. Y.

P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er: YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Fan, H. Y.

L. Wei, D. P. Zhou, H. Y. Fan, W. K. Liu, “Graphene-based Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with wide pulse repetition-rate range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(4), 309–311 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fang, Z.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3, Sb2Te3 with a single dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fedosejevs, R.

W. Shi, S. Kerr, I. Utkin, J. Ranasinghesagara, L. Pan, Y. Godwal, R. J. Zemp, R. Fedosejevs, “Optical resolution photoacoustic microscopy using novel high-repetition-rate passively Q-switched microchip and fiber lasers,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(5), 056017 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, J. Ausder Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Godwal, Y.

W. Shi, S. Kerr, I. Utkin, J. Ranasinghesagara, L. Pan, Y. Godwal, R. J. Zemp, R. Fedosejevs, “Optical resolution photoacoustic microscopy using novel high-repetition-rate passively Q-switched microchip and fiber lasers,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(5), 056017 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hakulinen, T.

Honninger, C.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, J. Ausder Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hu, C. Z.

Huang, Y. Z.

Huber, G.

Inoue, Y.

Jablonski, M.

Jhon, Y. M.

Jiang, P. P.

Jung, I. D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, J. Ausder Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kartner, F. X.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, J. Ausder Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

Keller, U.

B. Braun, F. X. Kärtner, U. Keller, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, “Passively Q-switched 180-ps Nd:LaSc3(BO3)4 microchip laser,” Opt. Lett. 21(6), 405–407 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, J. Ausder Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kerr, S.

W. Shi, S. Kerr, I. Utkin, J. Ranasinghesagara, L. Pan, Y. Godwal, R. J. Zemp, R. Fedosejevs, “Optical resolution photoacoustic microscopy using novel high-repetition-rate passively Q-switched microchip and fiber lasers,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(5), 056017 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koo, J.

Kopf, D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, J. Ausder Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kurkov, A. S.

A. Yu. Chamorovskiy, A. V. Marakulin, A. S. Kurkov, T. Leinonen, O. G. Okhotnikov, “High-repetition-rate Q-switched holmium fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(3), 679–683 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

Lee, J. H.

Leinonen, T.

A. Yu. Chamorovskiy, A. V. Marakulin, A. S. Kurkov, T. Leinonen, O. G. Okhotnikov, “High-repetition-rate Q-switched holmium fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(3), 679–683 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, D. C.

K. Cheng, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, G. Zhang, B. Zhao, Y. G. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:Lu0.33Y0.37Gd0.3VO4 laser using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturableab sorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(6), 418–422 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, G. Q.

K. Cheng, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, G. Zhang, B. Zhao, Y. G. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:Lu0.33Y0.37Gd0.3VO4 laser using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturableab sorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(6), 418–422 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Z. Q.

Liu, C. X.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3, Sb2Te3 with a single dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.

Liu, J.

Liu, M.

Liu, W. K.

L. Wei, D. P. Zhou, H. Y. Fan, W. K. Liu, “Graphene-based Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with wide pulse repetition-rate range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(4), 309–311 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Loh, K. P.

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, K. P. Loh, “Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17630–17635 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lu, S.

Luo, A. P.

Luo, Z. C.

Luo, Z. L.

Marakulin, A. V.

A. Yu. Chamorovskiy, A. V. Marakulin, A. S. Kurkov, T. Leinonen, O. G. Okhotnikov, “High-repetition-rate Q-switched holmium fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(3), 679–683 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Maruyama, S.

Matuschek, N.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, J. Ausder Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Meyn, J. P.

Murakami, Y.

Ni, Z.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Okhotnikov, O. G.

A. Yu. Chamorovskiy, A. V. Marakulin, A. S. Kurkov, T. Leinonen, O. G. Okhotnikov, “High-repetition-rate Q-switched holmium fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(3), 679–683 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Hakulinen, O. G. Okhotnikov, “8 ns fiber laser Q switched by the resonant saturable absorber mirror,” Opt. Lett. 32(18), 2677–2679 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pan, L.

W. Shi, S. Kerr, I. Utkin, J. Ranasinghesagara, L. Pan, Y. Godwal, R. J. Zemp, R. Fedosejevs, “Optical resolution photoacoustic microscopy using novel high-repetition-rate passively Q-switched microchip and fiber lasers,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(5), 056017 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peng, B.

J. Zhang, Z. Peng, A. Soni, Y. Zhao, Y. Xiong, B. Peng, J. Wang, M. S. Dresselhaus, Q. Xiong, “Raman spectroscopy of few-quintuple layer topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanoplatelets,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2407–2414 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peng, Z.

J. Zhang, Z. Peng, A. Soni, Y. Zhao, Y. Xiong, B. Peng, J. Wang, M. S. Dresselhaus, Q. Xiong, “Raman spectroscopy of few-quintuple layer topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanoplatelets,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2407–2414 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qi, X.

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Qi, X. L.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3, Sb2Te3 with a single dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ranasinghesagara, J.

W. Shi, S. Kerr, I. Utkin, J. Ranasinghesagara, L. Pan, Y. Godwal, R. J. Zemp, R. Fedosejevs, “Optical resolution photoacoustic microscopy using novel high-repetition-rate passively Q-switched microchip and fiber lasers,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(5), 056017 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Set, S. Y.

Shen, D. Y.

P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er: YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. H.

Shen, Z. X.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shi, W.

W. Shi, S. Kerr, I. Utkin, J. Ranasinghesagara, L. Pan, Y. Godwal, R. J. Zemp, R. Fedosejevs, “Optical resolution photoacoustic microscopy using novel high-repetition-rate passively Q-switched microchip and fiber lasers,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(5), 056017 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soni, A.

J. Zhang, Z. Peng, A. Soni, Y. Zhao, Y. Xiong, B. Peng, J. Wang, M. S. Dresselhaus, Q. Xiong, “Raman spectroscopy of few-quintuple layer topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanoplatelets,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2407–2414 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tang, D. Y.

P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er: YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Zhao, Y. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, K. P. Loh, “Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17630–17635 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tang, P.

P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er: YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Utkin, I.

W. Shi, S. Kerr, I. Utkin, J. Ranasinghesagara, L. Pan, Y. Godwal, R. J. Zemp, R. Fedosejevs, “Optical resolution photoacoustic microscopy using novel high-repetition-rate passively Q-switched microchip and fiber lasers,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(5), 056017 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

J. Zhang, Z. Peng, A. Soni, Y. Zhao, Y. Xiong, B. Peng, J. Wang, M. S. Dresselhaus, Q. Xiong, “Raman spectroscopy of few-quintuple layer topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanoplatelets,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2407–2414 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, P.

Wang, Y.

P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er: YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. G.

K. Cheng, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, G. Zhang, B. Zhao, Y. G. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:Lu0.33Y0.37Gd0.3VO4 laser using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturableab sorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(6), 418–422 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Zhao, Y. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wei, L.

L. Wei, D. P. Zhou, H. Y. Fan, W. K. Liu, “Graphene-based Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with wide pulse repetition-rate range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(4), 309–311 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Weingarten, K. J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, J. Ausder Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wen, S. C.

H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, M. Liu, N. Zhao, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, “Femtosecond pulse generation from a topological insulator mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6868–6873 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er: YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Zhao, Y. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weng, J.

Wu, B.

Wu, S.

Xiong, Q.

J. Zhang, Z. Peng, A. Soni, Y. Zhao, Y. Xiong, B. Peng, J. Wang, M. S. Dresselhaus, Q. Xiong, “Raman spectroscopy of few-quintuple layer topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanoplatelets,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2407–2414 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiong, Y.

J. Zhang, Z. Peng, A. Soni, Y. Zhao, Y. Xiong, B. Peng, J. Wang, M. S. Dresselhaus, Q. Xiong, “Raman spectroscopy of few-quintuple layer topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanoplatelets,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2407–2414 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, B.

Xu, H. Y.

Xu, W. C.

Yaguchi, H.

Yamashita, S.

Yan, Y.

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, D. Z.

Yang, K. J.

K. Cheng, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, G. Zhang, B. Zhao, Y. G. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:Lu0.33Y0.37Gd0.3VO4 laser using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturableab sorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(6), 418–422 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Q. H.

Zemp, R. J.

W. Shi, S. Kerr, I. Utkin, J. Ranasinghesagara, L. Pan, Y. Godwal, R. J. Zemp, R. Fedosejevs, “Optical resolution photoacoustic microscopy using novel high-repetition-rate passively Q-switched microchip and fiber lasers,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(5), 056017 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, G.

K. Cheng, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, G. Zhang, B. Zhao, Y. G. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:Lu0.33Y0.37Gd0.3VO4 laser using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturableab sorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(6), 418–422 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, M. Liu, N. Zhao, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, “Femtosecond pulse generation from a topological insulator mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6868–6873 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er: YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Zhao, Y. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, K. P. Loh, “Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17630–17635 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3, Sb2Te3 with a single dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, Z. Peng, A. Soni, Y. Zhao, Y. Xiong, B. Peng, J. Wang, M. S. Dresselhaus, Q. Xiong, “Raman spectroscopy of few-quintuple layer topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanoplatelets,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2407–2414 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, S. C.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3, Sb2Te3 with a single dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er: YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, B.

K. Cheng, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, G. Zhang, B. Zhao, Y. G. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:Lu0.33Y0.37Gd0.3VO4 laser using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturableab sorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(6), 418–422 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, C. J.

H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, M. Liu, N. Zhao, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, “Femtosecond pulse generation from a topological insulator mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6868–6873 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er: YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Zhao, Y. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with topological insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, L. M.

Zhao, N.

Zhao, S. Z.

K. Cheng, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, G. Zhang, B. Zhao, Y. G. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:Lu0.33Y0.37Gd0.3VO4 laser using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturableab sorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(6), 418–422 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

J. Zhang, Z. Peng, A. Soni, Y. Zhao, Y. Xiong, B. Peng, J. Wang, M. S. Dresselhaus, Q. Xiong, “Raman spectroscopy of few-quintuple layer topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanoplatelets,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2407–2414 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheng, X. W.

Zhou, D. P.

L. Wei, D. P. Zhou, H. Y. Fan, W. K. Liu, “Graphene-based Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with wide pulse repetition-rate range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(4), 309–311 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zou, Y.

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

Q. Bao, H. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Ni, Y. Yan, Z. X. Shen, K. P. Loh, D. Y. Tang, “Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(19), 3077–3083 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, J. Ausder Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2(3), 435–453 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J. (2)

A. Yu. Chamorovskiy, A. V. Marakulin, A. S. Kurkov, T. Leinonen, O. G. Okhotnikov, “High-repetition-rate Q-switched holmium fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(3), 679–683 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Tang, X. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, D. Y. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645-nm Er: YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Wei, D. P. Zhou, H. Y. Fan, W. K. Liu, “Graphene-based Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with wide pulse repetition-rate range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(4), 309–311 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

W. Shi, S. Kerr, I. Utkin, J. Ranasinghesagara, L. Pan, Y. Godwal, R. J. Zemp, R. Fedosejevs, “Optical resolution photoacoustic microscopy using novel high-repetition-rate passively Q-switched microchip and fiber lasers,” J. Biomed. Opt. 15(5), 056017 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Cheng, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, G. Zhang, B. Zhao, Y. G. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:Lu0.33Y0.37Gd0.3VO4 laser using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturableab sorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(6), 418–422 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

J. Zhang, Z. Peng, A. Soni, Y. Zhao, Y. Xiong, B. Peng, J. Wang, M. S. Dresselhaus, Q. Xiong, “Raman spectroscopy of few-quintuple layer topological insulator Bi2Se3 nanoplatelets,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2407–2414 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Phys. (1)

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3, Sb2Te3 with a single dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (1)

F. Bernard, H. Zhang, S. P. Gorza, and P. Emplit, “Towards mode-locked fiber laser using topological insulators,” in Nonlinear Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2012), NTh1A.5.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The SEM images of the Bi2Se3 NPs after chemical reaction time of (a) 40 min, (b) 100 min, (c) 140 min, (d) 180 min.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The SEM image of the uniform size NPs (180 min).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) The AFM image of one single TI: Bi2Se3 NP, (b) The thickness of the TI: Bi2Se3 NP.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) The absorbance of the PVA film and Bi2Se3 /PVA film, (b) The nonlinear transmittance of the Bi2Se3 /PVA film, the insert is at small optical intensity.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) The surface of the fiber connecter with the Bi2Se3/PVA film, (b) The TI: Bi2Se3 solution (180 min), (c) The schematic diagram of passively Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) The Q-switched pulse trains with different pump powers. (b) The pulse profile with the pump power of 360 mW.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Pulse widths and repetition rates versus incident pump powers. (b) Average output power and single pulse energy versus incident pump power.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

The optical spectra of the CW and Q-switched states.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

The RF spectrum of the Q-switched fiber laser with the pump power of 265 mW.

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