Abstract

We report the development of a space division multiplexed (SDM) transmission system consisting of a 19-core fiber and 19-core Erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA). A new 19-core fiber with an improved core arrangement was employed to achieve a low aggregated inter-core crosstalk of −42 dB at 1550 nm over 30 km. The EDFA uses shared free-space optics for pump beam combining and isolation, thus is SDM transparent and has some potential for cost reduction. 19.6 dB to 23.3 dB gain and 6.0 dB to 7.0 dB noise figure were obtained for each SDM channel at 1550 nm. System feasibility for SDM transmission over 1200 km was demonstrated with 100 Gb/s PDM-QPSK signals.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 31(4), 554–562 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12 SDM/222 WDM/456 Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2012), paper Th3.C.1.
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. Qian, E. Ip, M.-F. Huang, M.-J. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P.N. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Liñares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, “1.05Pb/s transmission with 109b/s/Hz spectral efficiency using hybrid single- and few-mode cores,” in Frontier in Optics/Laser Science (2012), paper FW6C.3.
  4. A. Sano, H. Takara, T. Kobayashi, H. Kawakami, H. Kishikawa, T. Nakagawa, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, M. Nagatani, T. Mori, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, M. Yamada, H. Masuda, T. Morioka, “409-Tb/s + 409-Tb/s crosstalk suppressed bidirectional MCF transmission over 450 km using propagation-direction interleaving,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16777–16783 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. K. Igarashi, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, K. Maeda, M. Tadakuma, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “1.03-Exabit/s·km super-Nyquist-WDM transmission over 7,326-km seven-core fiber,” in 39th ECOC (2013), paper PD3.E.3.
  6. T. Kobayashi, H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Mizuno, H. Kawakami, Y. Miyamoto, K. Hiraga, Y. Abe, H. Ono, M. Wada, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Yamada, H. Masuda, and T. Morioka, “2 x 344 Tb/s propagation-direction interleaved transmission over 1500-km MCF enhanced by multicarrier full electric-field digital back-propagation,” in 39th ECOC (2013), paper PD3.E.4.
  7. V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. G. H. van Uden, M. Kuschnerov, H. Chen, B. Inan, L. G. Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. J. Richardson, S. U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. K. Sahu, A. Dhar, A. M. J. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. D. Ellis, H. de Waardt, “73.7 Tb/s (96 x 3 x 256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA,” Opt. Express 20(26), B428–B438 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Y. Tsuchida, K. Maeda, K. Watanabe, T. Saito, S. Matsumoto, K. Aiso, Y. Mimura, and R. Sugizaki, “Simultaneous 7-core pumped amplification in multicore EDF through fibre based fan-in/out,” in 38th ECOC (2012), paper Tu.4.F.2.
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Tsuchida, K. Maeda, K. Watanabe, T. Ito, K. Fukuchi, M. Yoshida, Y. Mimura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Nakazawa, “Multicore EDFA for DWDM transmission in full C-band,” in 36th Optical Fiber Conference (OFC) (2013), paper JW2A.16.
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Tsuchida, K. Maeda, J. Miura, K. Watanabe, T. Saito, K. Igarashi, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, T. Ito, K. Fukuchi, and R. Sugizaki, “Multicore Erbium doped fiber amplifier with 5 THz bandwidth, high-gain and low NF,” in IEEE Summer Topicals Meeting (2013), paper TuC.3.2.
  11. K. S. Abedin, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, M. F. Yan, B. Zhu, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, F. V. Dimarcello, P. W. Wisk, “Amplification and noise properties of an erbium-doped multicore fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16715–16721 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. K. S. Abedin, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, D. J. DiGiovanni, V. R. Supradeepa, J. M. Fini, M. F. Yan, B. Zhu, E. M. Monberg, F. V. Dimarcello, “Cladding-pumped erbium-doped multicore fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 20(18), 20191–20200 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. Takasaka, H. Matsuura, W. Kumagai, M. Tadakuma, Y. Mimura, Y. Tsuchida, K. Maeda, R. Miyabe, K. Aiso, K. Doi, and R. Sugizaki, “Cladding-pumped seven-core EDFA using a multimode pump light coupler,” in 39th ECOC (2013), paper We.4.A.5.
  14. H. Ono, K. Takenaga, K. Ichii, S. Matsuo, T. Takahashi, H. Masuda, and M. Yamada, “12-core double-clad Er/Yb-doped fiber amplifier employing free-space coupling pump/signal combiner module,” in 39th ECOC (2013), paper We.4.A.4.
  15. J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, B. J. Puttnam, J.-M. D. Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tsuchida, K. Maeda, M. Tadakuma, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, Y. Tottori, M. Watanabe, and R. V. Jensen, “19-core MCF transmission system using EDFA with shared core pumping coupled in free-space optics,” in 39th ECOC (2013), paper Th.1.C.6.
  16. S. Yamashita, T. Okoshi, “Performance degradation of erbium doped fibre amplifier induced by terminal reflection,” Electron. Lett. 28(14), 1323–1324 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  17. D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, N. Stojanovic, F. N. Hauske, Y. Cai, C. Xie, L. Li, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “LDPC convolutional codes using layered decoding algorithm for high speed coherent optical transmission,” in 35th OFC (2012), paper OW1H.4.
    [CrossRef]

2013 (2)

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 31(4), 554–562 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Sano, H. Takara, T. Kobayashi, H. Kawakami, H. Kishikawa, T. Nakagawa, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, M. Nagatani, T. Mori, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, M. Yamada, H. Masuda, T. Morioka, “409-Tb/s + 409-Tb/s crosstalk suppressed bidirectional MCF transmission over 450 km using propagation-direction interleaving,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16777–16783 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

2011 (1)

1992 (1)

S. Yamashita, T. Okoshi, “Performance degradation of erbium doped fibre amplifier induced by terminal reflection,” Electron. Lett. 28(14), 1323–1324 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Abe, Y.

Abedin, K. S.

Alam, S. U.

Awaji, Y.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 31(4), 554–562 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

Corbett, B.

de Waardt, H.

Dhar, A.

DiGiovanni, D. J.

Dimarcello, F. V.

Ellis, A. D.

Fini, J. M.

Fishteyn, M.

Imamura, K.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 31(4), 554–562 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Inaba, H.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 31(4), 554–562 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Inan, B.

Ishida, I.

Jung, Y.

Kanno, A.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 31(4), 554–562 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kawakami, H.

Kawanishi, T.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 31(4), 554–562 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kishikawa, H.

Klaus, W.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 31(4), 554–562 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

A. Sano, H. Takara, T. Kobayashi, H. Kawakami, H. Kishikawa, T. Nakagawa, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, M. Nagatani, T. Mori, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, M. Yamada, H. Masuda, T. Morioka, “409-Tb/s + 409-Tb/s crosstalk suppressed bidirectional MCF transmission over 450 km using propagation-direction interleaving,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16777–16783 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 31(4), 554–562 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Koonen, A. M. J.

Koshiba, M.

Kuschnerov, M.

Masuda, H.

Matsuo, S.

Miyamoto, Y.

Monberg, E. M.

Mori, T.

Morioka, T.

Mukasa, K.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 31(4), 554–562 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nagatani, M.

Nakagawa, T.

Nielsen, L. G.

Okoshi, T.

S. Yamashita, T. Okoshi, “Performance degradation of erbium doped fibre amplifier induced by terminal reflection,” Electron. Lett. 28(14), 1323–1324 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ono, H.

Poletti, F.

Puttnam, B. J.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 31(4), 554–562 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Sahu, J. K.

Saitoh, K.

Sakaguchi, J.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 31(4), 554–562 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sano, A.

Sasaki, Y.

Shikama, K.

Sleiffer, V. A. J. M.

Sugizaki, R.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 31(4), 554–562 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y.

Supradeepa, V. R.

Takara, H.

Takenaga, K.

Taunay, T. F.

van Uden, R. G. H.

Veljanovski, V.

Wada, N.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 31(4), 554–562 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, M.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 31(4), 554–562 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Winfield, R.

Wisk, P. W.

Yamada, M.

Yamashita, S.

S. Yamashita, T. Okoshi, “Performance degradation of erbium doped fibre amplifier induced by terminal reflection,” Electron. Lett. 28(14), 1323–1324 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yan, M. F.

Zhu, B.

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. Yamashita, T. Okoshi, “Performance degradation of erbium doped fibre amplifier induced by terminal reflection,” Electron. Lett. 28(14), 1323–1324 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 31(4), 554–562 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Other (11)

S. Takasaka, H. Matsuura, W. Kumagai, M. Tadakuma, Y. Mimura, Y. Tsuchida, K. Maeda, R. Miyabe, K. Aiso, K. Doi, and R. Sugizaki, “Cladding-pumped seven-core EDFA using a multimode pump light coupler,” in 39th ECOC (2013), paper We.4.A.5.

H. Ono, K. Takenaga, K. Ichii, S. Matsuo, T. Takahashi, H. Masuda, and M. Yamada, “12-core double-clad Er/Yb-doped fiber amplifier employing free-space coupling pump/signal combiner module,” in 39th ECOC (2013), paper We.4.A.4.

J. Sakaguchi, W. Klaus, B. J. Puttnam, J.-M. D. Mendinueta, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, Y. Tsuchida, K. Maeda, M. Tadakuma, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, Y. Tottori, M. Watanabe, and R. V. Jensen, “19-core MCF transmission system using EDFA with shared core pumping coupled in free-space optics,” in 39th ECOC (2013), paper Th.1.C.6.

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, N. Stojanovic, F. N. Hauske, Y. Cai, C. Xie, L. Li, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “LDPC convolutional codes using layered decoding algorithm for high speed coherent optical transmission,” in 35th OFC (2012), paper OW1H.4.
[CrossRef]

Y. Tsuchida, K. Maeda, K. Watanabe, T. Saito, S. Matsumoto, K. Aiso, Y. Mimura, and R. Sugizaki, “Simultaneous 7-core pumped amplification in multicore EDF through fibre based fan-in/out,” in 38th ECOC (2012), paper Tu.4.F.2.
[CrossRef]

Y. Tsuchida, K. Maeda, K. Watanabe, T. Ito, K. Fukuchi, M. Yoshida, Y. Mimura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Nakazawa, “Multicore EDFA for DWDM transmission in full C-band,” in 36th Optical Fiber Conference (OFC) (2013), paper JW2A.16.
[CrossRef]

Y. Tsuchida, K. Maeda, J. Miura, K. Watanabe, T. Saito, K. Igarashi, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, T. Ito, K. Fukuchi, and R. Sugizaki, “Multicore Erbium doped fiber amplifier with 5 THz bandwidth, high-gain and low NF,” in IEEE Summer Topicals Meeting (2013), paper TuC.3.2.

K. Igarashi, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, K. Maeda, M. Tadakuma, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “1.03-Exabit/s·km super-Nyquist-WDM transmission over 7,326-km seven-core fiber,” in 39th ECOC (2013), paper PD3.E.3.

T. Kobayashi, H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Mizuno, H. Kawakami, Y. Miyamoto, K. Hiraga, Y. Abe, H. Ono, M. Wada, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Yamada, H. Masuda, and T. Morioka, “2 x 344 Tb/s propagation-direction interleaved transmission over 1500-km MCF enhanced by multicarrier full electric-field digital back-propagation,” in 39th ECOC (2013), paper PD3.E.4.

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12 SDM/222 WDM/456 Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” in 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2012), paper Th3.C.1.
[CrossRef]

D. Qian, E. Ip, M.-F. Huang, M.-J. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P.N. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Liñares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, “1.05Pb/s transmission with 109b/s/Hz spectral efficiency using hybrid single- and few-mode cores,” in Frontier in Optics/Laser Science (2012), paper FW6C.3.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

19-core MCF structure. (a) Cross-sectional view, (b) index profile of trench-assisted cores. (c) Aggregate XT of 30 km spliced MCF link at 1550 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

19-core EDF structure

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SDM devices with shared optics. (a) WDM coupler configuration, (b) isolator configuration, (c) outlook of the isolator, (d) inline 19-core EDFA and characterization setup.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Gain and NF of inline 19-core EDFA. (a)-(d) gain spectra, (e)-(h) NF spectra, (i) gain saturation, (j) NF dependence on the input power, (k)-(m) dependence on the pump power. Colors allocated to each core indicate the pairing of pump-LD sharing.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Recirculating SDM transmission (a) setup and (b) results.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Average MCF properties at 1550 nm.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Properties of SDM components and span for each core. Gain values are for 1550 nm.

Metrics