Abstract

The traditional transformation-based cloak seems like it can only hide objects by bending the incident electromagnetic waves around the hidden region. In this paper, we prove that invisible cloaks can be applied to realize the overlapped optics. No matter how many in-phase point sources are located in the hidden region, all of them can overlap each other (this can be considered as illusion effect), leading to the perfect optical interference effect. In addition, a singular parameter-independent cloak is also designed to obtain quasi-overlapped optics. Even more amazing of overlapped optics is that if N identical separated in-phase point sources covered with the illusion media, the total power outside the transformation region is N2I0 (not NI0) (I0 is the power of just one point source, and N is the number point sources), which seems violating the law of conservation of energy. A theoretical model based on interference effect is proposed to interpret the total power of these two kinds of overlapped optics effects. Our investigation may have wide applications in high power coherent laser beams, and multiple laser diodes, and so on.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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2013 (3)

H. Chen, Y. Xu, H. Li, and T. Tomáš, “Playing the tricks of numbers of light sources,” New J. Phys. 15(9), 093034 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. H. Tichit, S. N. Burokur, C. W. Qiu, and A. de Lustrac, “Experimental verification of isotropic radiation from a coherent dipole source via electric-field-driven LC resonator metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(13), 133901 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, T. C. Han, S. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Creation of ghost illusions using wave dynamics in metamaterials,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(32), 4028–4034 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

D. Liang, J. Gu, J. Han, Y. Yang, S. Zhang, and W. L. Zhang, “Robust large dimension terahertz cloaking,” Adv. Mater. 24(7), 916–921 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. L. Zhang, “Electrodynamics of transformation-based invisibility cloaking,” Light Sci. Appl. 1(10), e32 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (8)

T. Ergin, J. Fischer, and M. Wegener, “Optical phase cloaking of 700 nm light waves in the far field by a three-dimensional carpet cloak,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(17), 173901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Zhou, Y. Bao, W. Cao, C. T. Stuart, J. Gu, W. L. Zhang, and C. Sun, “Hiding a realistic object using a broadband terahertz invisibility cloak,” Sci. Rep. 1, 78 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Z. Chen, Y. Luo, J. J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat Commun 2, 176–181 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. L. Zhang, Y. Luo, X. G. Liu, and G. Barbastathis, “Macroscopic invisibility cloak for visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(3), 033901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. D. Xu, S. W. Du, L. Gao, and H. Y. Chen, “Overlapped illusion optics: a perfect lens brings a brighter feature,” New J. Phys. 13(2), 023010 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Han, C.-W. Qiu, and X. Tang, “Adaptive waveguide bends with homogeneous, nonmagnetic, and isotropic materials,” Opt. Lett. 36(2), 181–183 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. F. Zang and C. Jiang, “Overlapped optics, illusion optics, and an external cloak based on shifting media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(8), 1994–2000 (2011).
[Crossref]

W. R. Zhu, I. Shadrivov, D. Powell, and Y. Kivshar, “Hiding in the corner,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20827–20832 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (6)

H. F. Ma and T. J. Cui, “Three-dimensional broadband ground plane cloak made of matematerials,” Nat. Commun. 1(3), 124–129 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. R. Zhu, C. L. Ding, and X. P. Zhao, “Numerical method for designing acoustic cloak with homogeneous metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(13), 131902 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. C. Han, C. W. Qiu, and X. H. Tang, “An arbitrarily shaped cloak with nonsingular and homogeneous parameters designed using a twofold transformation,” J. Opt. 12(9), 095103 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. I. Landy, N. Kundtz, and D. R. Smith, “Designing three-dimensional transformation optical media using quasiconformal coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(19), 193902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Transformation optics and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(5), 387–396 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Han, C. Qiu, and X. Tang, “The general two-dimensional open-closed cloak with tunable inherent discontinuity and directional communication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 124104 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (11)

A. Alù and N. Engheta, “Cloaking a sensor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(23), 233901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “The open cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(10), 103501 (2009).
[Crossref]

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323(5912), 366–369 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photonics 3(8), 461–463 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8(7), 568–571 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. Xu, and Y. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 79(4), 047602 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, H. Y. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(9), 093901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 253902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, S. Y. Liu, and Z. F. Lin, “A simple route to a tunable electromagnetic gateway,” New J. Phys. 11(8), 083012 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Metamaterial frequency-selective superabsorber,” Opt. Lett. 34(5), 644–646 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Li, J. G. Guan, Z. G. Sun, W. Wang, and Q. J. Zhang, “A near-perfect invisibility cloak constructed with homogeneous materials,” Opt. Express 17(26), 23410–23416 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (7)

T. Yang, H. Y. Chen, X. Luo, and H. Ma, “Superscatterer: enhancement of scattering with complementary media,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18545–18550 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Liu, Q. Cheng, T. Hand, J. J. Mock, T. J. Cui, S. A. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, “Experimental demonstration of electromagnetic tunneling through an epsilon-near-zero metamaterial at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(2), 023903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li and J. B. Pendry, “Hiding under the carpet: a new strategy for cloaking,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(20), 203901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6(1), 87–95 (2008).
[Crossref]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, G. X. Yu, X. Q. Lin, Q. Cheng, and J. Y. Chin, “Arbitrarily elliptical-cylindrical invisible cloaking,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(8), 085504 (2008).
[Crossref]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, H. F. Ma, X. M. Yang, and Q. Cheng, “Layered high-gain lens antennas via discrete optical transformation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(22), 221906 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(6), 063903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

A. Greenleaf, Y. Kurylev, M. Lassas, and G. Uhlmann, “Electromagnetic wormholes and virtual magnetic monopoles from metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(18), 183901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics 1(4), 224–227 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(24), 241105 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. S. Chen, B.-I. Wu, B. L. Zhang, and J. A. Kong, “Electromagnetic wave interactions with a metamaterial cloak,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063903 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (4)

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media,” Opt. Express 14(21), 9794–9804 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

U. Leonhardt, “Optical conformal mapping,” Science 312(5781), 1777–1780 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alù, A.

A. Alù and N. Engheta, “Cloaking a sensor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(23), 233901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, Y.

F. Zhou, Y. Bao, W. Cao, C. T. Stuart, J. Gu, W. L. Zhang, and C. Sun, “Hiding a realistic object using a broadband terahertz invisibility cloak,” Sci. Rep. 1, 78 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barbastathis, G.

B. L. Zhang, Y. Luo, X. G. Liu, and G. Barbastathis, “Macroscopic invisibility cloak for visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(3), 033901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bartal, G.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8(7), 568–571 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burokur, S. N.

P. H. Tichit, S. N. Burokur, C. W. Qiu, and A. de Lustrac, “Experimental verification of isotropic radiation from a coherent dipole source via electric-field-driven LC resonator metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(13), 133901 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, W.

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics 1(4), 224–227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cao, W.

F. Zhou, Y. Bao, W. Cao, C. T. Stuart, J. Gu, W. L. Zhang, and C. Sun, “Hiding a realistic object using a broadband terahertz invisibility cloak,” Sci. Rep. 1, 78 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cardenas, J.

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photonics 3(8), 461–463 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chan, C. T.

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Transformation optics and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(5), 387–396 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 253902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, S. Y. Liu, and Z. F. Lin, “A simple route to a tunable electromagnetic gateway,” New J. Phys. 11(8), 083012 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Lai, H. Y. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(9), 093901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Metamaterial frequency-selective superabsorber,” Opt. Lett. 34(5), 644–646 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Y. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(24), 241105 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

H. Chen, Y. Xu, H. Li, and T. Tomáš, “Playing the tricks of numbers of light sources,” New J. Phys. 15(9), 093034 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 253902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H. S.

H. S. Chen, B.-I. Wu, B. L. Zhang, and J. A. Kong, “Electromagnetic wave interactions with a metamaterial cloak,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063903 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H. Y.

Y. D. Xu, S. W. Du, L. Gao, and H. Y. Chen, “Overlapped illusion optics: a perfect lens brings a brighter feature,” New J. Phys. 13(2), 023010 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Transformation optics and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(5), 387–396 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, S. Y. Liu, and Z. F. Lin, “A simple route to a tunable electromagnetic gateway,” New J. Phys. 11(8), 083012 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Metamaterial frequency-selective superabsorber,” Opt. Lett. 34(5), 644–646 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, H. Y. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(9), 093901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Yang, H. Y. Chen, X. Luo, and H. Ma, “Superscatterer: enhancement of scattering with complementary media,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18545–18550 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Y. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(24), 241105 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, X. Z.

X. Z. Chen, Y. Luo, J. J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat Commun 2, 176–181 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, Q.

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, H. F. Ma, X. M. Yang, and Q. Cheng, “Layered high-gain lens antennas via discrete optical transformation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(22), 221906 (2008).
[Crossref]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, G. X. Yu, X. Q. Lin, Q. Cheng, and J. Y. Chin, “Arbitrarily elliptical-cylindrical invisible cloaking,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(8), 085504 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. Liu, Q. Cheng, T. Hand, J. J. Mock, T. J. Cui, S. A. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, “Experimental demonstration of electromagnetic tunneling through an epsilon-near-zero metamaterial at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(2), 023903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chettiar, U. K.

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics 1(4), 224–227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chin, J. Y.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323(5912), 366–369 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, G. X. Yu, X. Q. Lin, Q. Cheng, and J. Y. Chin, “Arbitrarily elliptical-cylindrical invisible cloaking,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(8), 085504 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cui, T. J.

W. X. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, T. C. Han, S. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Creation of ghost illusions using wave dynamics in metamaterials,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(32), 4028–4034 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. F. Ma and T. J. Cui, “Three-dimensional broadband ground plane cloak made of matematerials,” Nat. Commun. 1(3), 124–129 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323(5912), 366–369 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, G. X. Yu, X. Q. Lin, Q. Cheng, and J. Y. Chin, “Arbitrarily elliptical-cylindrical invisible cloaking,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(8), 085504 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. Liu, Q. Cheng, T. Hand, J. J. Mock, T. J. Cui, S. A. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, “Experimental demonstration of electromagnetic tunneling through an epsilon-near-zero metamaterial at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(2), 023903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, H. F. Ma, X. M. Yang, and Q. Cheng, “Layered high-gain lens antennas via discrete optical transformation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(22), 221906 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cummer, S. A.

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(6), 063903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Liu, Q. Cheng, T. Hand, J. J. Mock, T. J. Cui, S. A. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, “Experimental demonstration of electromagnetic tunneling through an epsilon-near-zero metamaterial at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(2), 023903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6(1), 87–95 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Lustrac, A.

P. H. Tichit, S. N. Burokur, C. W. Qiu, and A. de Lustrac, “Experimental verification of isotropic radiation from a coherent dipole source via electric-field-driven LC resonator metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(13), 133901 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ding, C. L.

W. R. Zhu, C. L. Ding, and X. P. Zhao, “Numerical method for designing acoustic cloak with homogeneous metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(13), 131902 (2010).
[Crossref]

Du, S. W.

Y. D. Xu, S. W. Du, L. Gao, and H. Y. Chen, “Overlapped illusion optics: a perfect lens brings a brighter feature,” New J. Phys. 13(2), 023010 (2011).
[Crossref]

Engheta, N.

A. Alù and N. Engheta, “Cloaking a sensor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(23), 233901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ergin, T.

T. Ergin, J. Fischer, and M. Wegener, “Optical phase cloaking of 700 nm light waves in the far field by a three-dimensional carpet cloak,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(17), 173901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, Y.

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. Xu, and Y. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 79(4), 047602 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fischer, J.

T. Ergin, J. Fischer, and M. Wegener, “Optical phase cloaking of 700 nm light waves in the far field by a three-dimensional carpet cloak,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(17), 173901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gabrielli, L. H.

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photonics 3(8), 461–463 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gao, L.

Y. D. Xu, S. W. Du, L. Gao, and H. Y. Chen, “Overlapped illusion optics: a perfect lens brings a brighter feature,” New J. Phys. 13(2), 023010 (2011).
[Crossref]

Greenleaf, A.

A. Greenleaf, Y. Kurylev, M. Lassas, and G. Uhlmann, “Electromagnetic wormholes and virtual magnetic monopoles from metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(18), 183901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gu, J.

D. Liang, J. Gu, J. Han, Y. Yang, S. Zhang, and W. L. Zhang, “Robust large dimension terahertz cloaking,” Adv. Mater. 24(7), 916–921 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Zhou, Y. Bao, W. Cao, C. T. Stuart, J. Gu, W. L. Zhang, and C. Sun, “Hiding a realistic object using a broadband terahertz invisibility cloak,” Sci. Rep. 1, 78 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guan, J. G.

Han, D.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 253902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, J.

D. Liang, J. Gu, J. Han, Y. Yang, S. Zhang, and W. L. Zhang, “Robust large dimension terahertz cloaking,” Adv. Mater. 24(7), 916–921 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, T.

T. Han, C.-W. Qiu, and X. Tang, “Adaptive waveguide bends with homogeneous, nonmagnetic, and isotropic materials,” Opt. Lett. 36(2), 181–183 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Han, C. Qiu, and X. Tang, “The general two-dimensional open-closed cloak with tunable inherent discontinuity and directional communication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 124104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Han, T. C.

W. X. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, T. C. Han, S. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Creation of ghost illusions using wave dynamics in metamaterials,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(32), 4028–4034 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. C. Han, C. W. Qiu, and X. H. Tang, “An arbitrarily shaped cloak with nonsingular and homogeneous parameters designed using a twofold transformation,” J. Opt. 12(9), 095103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hand, T.

R. Liu, Q. Cheng, T. Hand, J. J. Mock, T. J. Cui, S. A. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, “Experimental demonstration of electromagnetic tunneling through an epsilon-near-zero metamaterial at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(2), 023903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, L.

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. Xu, and Y. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 79(4), 047602 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ji, C.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323(5912), 366–369 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, C.

Jiang, K.

X. Z. Chen, Y. Luo, J. J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat Commun 2, 176–181 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, W. X.

W. X. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, T. C. Han, S. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Creation of ghost illusions using wave dynamics in metamaterials,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(32), 4028–4034 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, H. F. Ma, X. M. Yang, and Q. Cheng, “Layered high-gain lens antennas via discrete optical transformation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(22), 221906 (2008).
[Crossref]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, G. X. Yu, X. Q. Lin, Q. Cheng, and J. Y. Chin, “Arbitrarily elliptical-cylindrical invisible cloaking,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(8), 085504 (2008).
[Crossref]

Justice, B. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kildishev, A. V.

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics 1(4), 224–227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kivshar, Y.

Kong, J. A.

H. S. Chen, B.-I. Wu, B. L. Zhang, and J. A. Kong, “Electromagnetic wave interactions with a metamaterial cloak,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063903 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kundtz, N.

N. I. Landy, N. Kundtz, and D. R. Smith, “Designing three-dimensional transformation optical media using quasiconformal coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(19), 193902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kurylev, Y.

A. Greenleaf, Y. Kurylev, M. Lassas, and G. Uhlmann, “Electromagnetic wormholes and virtual magnetic monopoles from metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(18), 183901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lai, Y.

Y. Lai, H. Y. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(9), 093901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 253902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Landy, N. I.

N. I. Landy, N. Kundtz, and D. R. Smith, “Designing three-dimensional transformation optical media using quasiconformal coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(19), 193902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lassas, M.

A. Greenleaf, Y. Kurylev, M. Lassas, and G. Uhlmann, “Electromagnetic wormholes and virtual magnetic monopoles from metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(18), 183901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leonhardt, U.

U. Leonhardt, “Optical conformal mapping,” Science 312(5781), 1777–1780 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, H.

H. Chen, Y. Xu, H. Li, and T. Tomáš, “Playing the tricks of numbers of light sources,” New J. Phys. 15(9), 093034 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8(7), 568–571 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li and J. B. Pendry, “Hiding under the carpet: a new strategy for cloaking,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(20), 203901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, W.

Liang, D.

D. Liang, J. Gu, J. Han, Y. Yang, S. Zhang, and W. L. Zhang, “Robust large dimension terahertz cloaking,” Adv. Mater. 24(7), 916–921 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, X. Q.

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, G. X. Yu, X. Q. Lin, Q. Cheng, and J. Y. Chin, “Arbitrarily elliptical-cylindrical invisible cloaking,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(8), 085504 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lin, Z. F.

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, S. Y. Liu, and Z. F. Lin, “A simple route to a tunable electromagnetic gateway,” New J. Phys. 11(8), 083012 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lipson, M.

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photonics 3(8), 461–463 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, R.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323(5912), 366–369 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Liu, Q. Cheng, T. Hand, J. J. Mock, T. J. Cui, S. A. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, “Experimental demonstration of electromagnetic tunneling through an epsilon-near-zero metamaterial at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(2), 023903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, S. Y.

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, S. Y. Liu, and Z. F. Lin, “A simple route to a tunable electromagnetic gateway,” New J. Phys. 11(8), 083012 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, X. G.

B. L. Zhang, Y. Luo, X. G. Liu, and G. Barbastathis, “Macroscopic invisibility cloak for visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(3), 033901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, X.

Luo, Y.

B. L. Zhang, Y. Luo, X. G. Liu, and G. Barbastathis, “Macroscopic invisibility cloak for visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(3), 033901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Z. Chen, Y. Luo, J. J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat Commun 2, 176–181 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, H.

Ma, H. F.

H. F. Ma and T. J. Cui, “Three-dimensional broadband ground plane cloak made of matematerials,” Nat. Commun. 1(3), 124–129 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, H. F. Ma, X. M. Yang, and Q. Cheng, “Layered high-gain lens antennas via discrete optical transformation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(22), 221906 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mock, J. J.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323(5912), 366–369 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Liu, Q. Cheng, T. Hand, J. J. Mock, T. J. Cui, S. A. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, “Experimental demonstration of electromagnetic tunneling through an epsilon-near-zero metamaterial at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(2), 023903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ng, J.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 253902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Metamaterial frequency-selective superabsorber,” Opt. Lett. 34(5), 644–646 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pendry, J. B.

X. Z. Chen, Y. Luo, J. J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat Commun 2, 176–181 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li and J. B. Pendry, “Hiding under the carpet: a new strategy for cloaking,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(20), 203901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(6), 063903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6(1), 87–95 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media,” Opt. Express 14(21), 9794–9804 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Poitras, C.

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photonics 3(8), 461–463 (2009).
[Crossref]

Powell, D.

Qiu, C.

T. Han, C. Qiu, and X. Tang, “The general two-dimensional open-closed cloak with tunable inherent discontinuity and directional communication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 124104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Qiu, C. W.

P. H. Tichit, S. N. Burokur, C. W. Qiu, and A. de Lustrac, “Experimental verification of isotropic radiation from a coherent dipole source via electric-field-driven LC resonator metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(13), 133901 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, T. C. Han, S. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Creation of ghost illusions using wave dynamics in metamaterials,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(32), 4028–4034 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. C. Han, C. W. Qiu, and X. H. Tang, “An arbitrarily shaped cloak with nonsingular and homogeneous parameters designed using a twofold transformation,” J. Opt. 12(9), 095103 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. Xu, and Y. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 79(4), 047602 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qiu, C.-W.

Qu, S.

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “The open cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(10), 103501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rahm, M.

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(6), 063903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6(1), 87–95 (2008).
[Crossref]

Roberts, D. A.

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6(1), 87–95 (2008).
[Crossref]

Schurig, D.

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6(1), 87–95 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(6), 063903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media,” Opt. Express 14(21), 9794–9804 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shadrivov, I.

Shalaev, V. M.

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics 1(4), 224–227 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sheng, P.

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Transformation optics and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(5), 387–396 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, D. R.

N. I. Landy, N. Kundtz, and D. R. Smith, “Designing three-dimensional transformation optical media using quasiconformal coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(19), 193902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323(5912), 366–369 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6(1), 87–95 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. Liu, Q. Cheng, T. Hand, J. J. Mock, T. J. Cui, S. A. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, “Experimental demonstration of electromagnetic tunneling through an epsilon-near-zero metamaterial at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(2), 023903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(6), 063903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media,” Opt. Express 14(21), 9794–9804 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Starr, A. F.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stuart, C. T.

F. Zhou, Y. Bao, W. Cao, C. T. Stuart, J. Gu, W. L. Zhang, and C. Sun, “Hiding a realistic object using a broadband terahertz invisibility cloak,” Sci. Rep. 1, 78 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, C.

F. Zhou, Y. Bao, W. Cao, C. T. Stuart, J. Gu, W. L. Zhang, and C. Sun, “Hiding a realistic object using a broadband terahertz invisibility cloak,” Sci. Rep. 1, 78 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, Z. G.

Tang, X.

T. Han, C.-W. Qiu, and X. Tang, “Adaptive waveguide bends with homogeneous, nonmagnetic, and isotropic materials,” Opt. Lett. 36(2), 181–183 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Han, C. Qiu, and X. Tang, “The general two-dimensional open-closed cloak with tunable inherent discontinuity and directional communication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 124104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tang, X. H.

T. C. Han, C. W. Qiu, and X. H. Tang, “An arbitrarily shaped cloak with nonsingular and homogeneous parameters designed using a twofold transformation,” J. Opt. 12(9), 095103 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tichit, P. H.

P. H. Tichit, S. N. Burokur, C. W. Qiu, and A. de Lustrac, “Experimental verification of isotropic radiation from a coherent dipole source via electric-field-driven LC resonator metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(13), 133901 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tomáš, T.

H. Chen, Y. Xu, H. Li, and T. Tomáš, “Playing the tricks of numbers of light sources,” New J. Phys. 15(9), 093034 (2013).
[Crossref]

Uhlmann, G.

A. Greenleaf, Y. Kurylev, M. Lassas, and G. Uhlmann, “Electromagnetic wormholes and virtual magnetic monopoles from metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(18), 183901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Valentine, J.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8(7), 568–571 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “The open cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(10), 103501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

Wegener, M.

T. Ergin, J. Fischer, and M. Wegener, “Optical phase cloaking of 700 nm light waves in the far field by a three-dimensional carpet cloak,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(17), 173901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, B.-I.

H. S. Chen, B.-I. Wu, B. L. Zhang, and J. A. Kong, “Electromagnetic wave interactions with a metamaterial cloak,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063903 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiao, J.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 253902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, X.

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. Xu, and Y. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 79(4), 047602 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Y.

H. Chen, Y. Xu, H. Li, and T. Tomáš, “Playing the tricks of numbers of light sources,” New J. Phys. 15(9), 093034 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, Y. D.

Y. D. Xu, S. W. Du, L. Gao, and H. Y. Chen, “Overlapped illusion optics: a perfect lens brings a brighter feature,” New J. Phys. 13(2), 023010 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xu, Z.

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “The open cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(10), 103501 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yang, T.

Yang, X. M.

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, H. F. Ma, X. M. Yang, and Q. Cheng, “Layered high-gain lens antennas via discrete optical transformation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(22), 221906 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

D. Liang, J. Gu, J. Han, Y. Yang, S. Zhang, and W. L. Zhang, “Robust large dimension terahertz cloaking,” Adv. Mater. 24(7), 916–921 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, G. X.

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, G. X. Yu, X. Q. Lin, Q. Cheng, and J. Y. Chin, “Arbitrarily elliptical-cylindrical invisible cloaking,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(8), 085504 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zang, X. F.

Zentgraf, T.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8(7), 568–571 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, B. L.

B. L. Zhang, “Electrodynamics of transformation-based invisibility cloaking,” Light Sci. Appl. 1(10), e32 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. L. Zhang, Y. Luo, X. G. Liu, and G. Barbastathis, “Macroscopic invisibility cloak for visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(3), 033901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. S. Chen, B.-I. Wu, B. L. Zhang, and J. A. Kong, “Electromagnetic wave interactions with a metamaterial cloak,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063903 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, J. J.

X. Z. Chen, Y. Luo, J. J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat Commun 2, 176–181 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Q. J.

Zhang, S.

W. X. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, T. C. Han, S. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Creation of ghost illusions using wave dynamics in metamaterials,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(32), 4028–4034 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Liang, J. Gu, J. Han, Y. Yang, S. Zhang, and W. L. Zhang, “Robust large dimension terahertz cloaking,” Adv. Mater. 24(7), 916–921 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Z. Chen, Y. Luo, J. J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat Commun 2, 176–181 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W. L.

D. Liang, J. Gu, J. Han, Y. Yang, S. Zhang, and W. L. Zhang, “Robust large dimension terahertz cloaking,” Adv. Mater. 24(7), 916–921 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Zhou, Y. Bao, W. Cao, C. T. Stuart, J. Gu, W. L. Zhang, and C. Sun, “Hiding a realistic object using a broadband terahertz invisibility cloak,” Sci. Rep. 1, 78 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8(7), 568–571 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z. Q.

Y. Lai, H. Y. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(9), 093901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 253902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, X. P.

W. R. Zhu, C. L. Ding, and X. P. Zhao, “Numerical method for designing acoustic cloak with homogeneous metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(13), 131902 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhou, F.

F. Zhou, Y. Bao, W. Cao, C. T. Stuart, J. Gu, W. L. Zhang, and C. Sun, “Hiding a realistic object using a broadband terahertz invisibility cloak,” Sci. Rep. 1, 78 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, W. R.

W. R. Zhu, I. Shadrivov, D. Powell, and Y. Kivshar, “Hiding in the corner,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20827–20832 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. R. Zhu, C. L. Ding, and X. P. Zhao, “Numerical method for designing acoustic cloak with homogeneous metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(13), 131902 (2010).
[Crossref]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

W. X. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, T. C. Han, S. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Creation of ghost illusions using wave dynamics in metamaterials,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 23(32), 4028–4034 (2013).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

D. Liang, J. Gu, J. Han, Y. Yang, S. Zhang, and W. L. Zhang, “Robust large dimension terahertz cloaking,” Adv. Mater. 24(7), 916–921 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

W. R. Zhu, C. L. Ding, and X. P. Zhao, “Numerical method for designing acoustic cloak with homogeneous metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(13), 131902 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(24), 241105 (2007).
[Crossref]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, H. F. Ma, X. M. Yang, and Q. Cheng, “Layered high-gain lens antennas via discrete optical transformation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(22), 221906 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Han, C. Qiu, and X. Tang, “The general two-dimensional open-closed cloak with tunable inherent discontinuity and directional communication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 124104 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “The open cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(10), 103501 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

T. C. Han, C. W. Qiu, and X. H. Tang, “An arbitrarily shaped cloak with nonsingular and homogeneous parameters designed using a twofold transformation,” J. Opt. 12(9), 095103 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, G. X. Yu, X. Q. Lin, Q. Cheng, and J. Y. Chin, “Arbitrarily elliptical-cylindrical invisible cloaking,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(8), 085504 (2008).
[Crossref]

Light Sci. Appl. (1)

B. L. Zhang, “Electrodynamics of transformation-based invisibility cloaking,” Light Sci. Appl. 1(10), e32 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nat Commun (1)

X. Z. Chen, Y. Luo, J. J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat Commun 2, 176–181 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (1)

H. F. Ma and T. J. Cui, “Three-dimensional broadband ground plane cloak made of matematerials,” Nat. Commun. 1(3), 124–129 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (2)

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater. 8(7), 568–571 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Transformation optics and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater. 9(5), 387–396 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (2)

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics 1(4), 224–227 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photonics 3(8), 461–463 (2009).
[Crossref]

New J. Phys. (3)

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, S. Y. Liu, and Z. F. Lin, “A simple route to a tunable electromagnetic gateway,” New J. Phys. 11(8), 083012 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. D. Xu, S. W. Du, L. Gao, and H. Y. Chen, “Overlapped illusion optics: a perfect lens brings a brighter feature,” New J. Phys. 13(2), 023010 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, Y. Xu, H. Li, and T. Tomáš, “Playing the tricks of numbers of light sources,” New J. Phys. 15(9), 093034 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. (1)

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photonics Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 6(1), 87–95 (2008).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. (1)

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. Xu, and Y. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys. 79(4), 047602 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (12)

J. Li and J. B. Pendry, “Hiding under the carpet: a new strategy for cloaking,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(20), 203901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Ergin, J. Fischer, and M. Wegener, “Optical phase cloaking of 700 nm light waves in the far field by a three-dimensional carpet cloak,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(17), 173901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Alù and N. Engheta, “Cloaking a sensor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(23), 233901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. I. Landy, N. Kundtz, and D. R. Smith, “Designing three-dimensional transformation optical media using quasiconformal coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(19), 193902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. S. Chen, B.-I. Wu, B. L. Zhang, and J. A. Kong, “Electromagnetic wave interactions with a metamaterial cloak,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(6), 063903 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(6), 063903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Greenleaf, Y. Kurylev, M. Lassas, and G. Uhlmann, “Electromagnetic wormholes and virtual magnetic monopoles from metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(18), 183901 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. H. Tichit, S. N. Burokur, C. W. Qiu, and A. de Lustrac, “Experimental verification of isotropic radiation from a coherent dipole source via electric-field-driven LC resonator metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111(13), 133901 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, H. Y. Chen, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Complementary media invisibility cloak that cloaks objects at a distance outside the cloaking shell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(9), 093901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Chen, D. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(25), 253902 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. L. Zhang, Y. Luo, X. G. Liu, and G. Barbastathis, “Macroscopic invisibility cloak for visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(3), 033901 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Liu, Q. Cheng, T. Hand, J. J. Mock, T. J. Cui, S. A. Cummer, and D. R. Smith, “Experimental demonstration of electromagnetic tunneling through an epsilon-near-zero metamaterial at microwave frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(2), 023903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (1)

F. Zhou, Y. Bao, W. Cao, C. T. Stuart, J. Gu, W. L. Zhang, and C. Sun, “Hiding a realistic object using a broadband terahertz invisibility cloak,” Sci. Rep. 1, 78 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (4)

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

U. Leonhardt, “Optical conformal mapping,” Science 312(5781), 1777–1780 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science 323(5912), 366–369 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, 1980).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Electric field distribution of the cloaking and overlapped optics: (a) cloaking. (b)one point source located at (0, 0) without invisible media. (c) one point source located at (−0.1mm, 0) covering with invisible media. (d) two point sources located at (−0.1mm, 0) and (0, 0.1mm), respectively and covering with invisible media. (e) three point sources located at (0, 0), (−0.1mm, 0) and (0, 0.05mm), respectively and covering with invisible media. (f) the corresponding far-field patterns of (b), (c), (d), and (e) at r = 0.5mm. The source frequency is 1.5 THz.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of three separated point sources meet at point p.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic of three separated point sources coating with invisible media meet at point p.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic of a singular parameter-independent cloak.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Electric field distribution of the singular parameter-independent cloaking and overlapped optics: (a) cloaking. (b)one point source located at (0, 0) without invisible media. (c) one point source located at (−0.1mm, 0) covering with invisible media. (d) two point sources located at (−0.1mm, 0) and (0, 0.1mm), respectively and covering with invisible media. (e) three point sources located at (0, 0), (−0.1mm, 0) and (0, 0.1mm), respectively and covering with invisible media. (f) the corresponding far-field patterns of (b), (c), (d), and (e) at r = 0.5mm. The source frequency is 1.5 THz.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Schematic of three separated point sources coating with singular parameter-independent invisible media meet at point p.

Equations (13)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

r'= ba b r+a,
ε ¯ = μ ¯ =[ ε r cos 2 θ+ ε θ sin 2 θ ( ε r ε θ )cosθsinθ 0 ( ε r ε θ )cosθsinθ ε θ cos 2 θ+ ε r sin 2 θ 0 0 0 ε z ],
{ E 1 ( r 1 ,t)= A 1 exp[i( k 1 r 1 ω 1 t+ δ 1 )] E 2 ( r 2 ,t)= A 2 exp[i( k 2 r 2 ω 2 t+ δ 2 )] E 3 ( r 3 ,t)= A 3 exp[i( k 3 r 3 ω 3 t+ δ 3 )] ,
E(r,t)= E 1 ( r 1 ,t)+ E 2 ( r 2 ,t)+ E 3 ( r 3 ,t)
I=<E E * >= E 1 E 1 * + E 2 E 2 * + E 3 E 3 * +<Re{2 E 1 E 2 * }> +<Re{2 E 1 E 3 * }>+<Re{2 E 2 E 3 * }> = A 1 2 + A 2 2 + A 3 2 +2 A 1 A 2 <cos[( k 1 r 1 k 2 r 2 )+( δ 1 δ 2 )( ω 1 ω 2 )t]>, +2 A 1 A 3 <cos[( k 1 r 1 k 3 r 3 )+( δ 1 δ 3 )( ω 1 ω 3 )t]> +2 A 2 A 3 <cos[( k 2 r 2 k 3 r 3 )+( δ 2 δ 3 )( ω 2 ω 3 )t]> = I 1 + I 2 + I 3 +2( I 12 + I 13 + I 23 )
I= I 0 (3+2cos ς 1 +2cos ς 2 +2cos ς 3 ),
I=N I 0 +2 I 0 mn cos(k r m k r n ) =N I 0 +2 I 0 mn cos( ς mn )
I= I 0 (3+2cos ς 1 +2cos ς 2 +2cos ς 3 )=9 I 0 ( ς 1 = ς 2 = ς 3 =0)
x''=x, y''= ( h 1 h 2 ) h 3 ( h 1 h 3 )b x+ h 2 h 3 h 1 h 3 y+ ( h 1 h 2 ) h 3 h 1 h 3 , z''=z
ε ¯ I = μ ¯ I =[ h 1 h 3 h 2 h 3 ( h 1 h 2 ) h 3 ( h 2 h 3 )b 0 ( h 1 h 2 ) h 3 ( h 2 h 3 )b ( h 1 h 2 ) 2 h 3 2 + ( h 2 h 3 ) 2 b 2 ( h 1 h 3 )( h 2 h 3 ) b 2 0 0 0 h 1 h 3 h 2 h 3 ]
x''= ba b x a h 1 y+a, y= h 2 h 1 y , z''=z
ε ¯ II = μ ¯ II =[ (ba) h 1 b h 2 + b a 2 h 1 h 2 (ba) (ba) h 3 (ba) h 1 0 (ba) h 3 (ba) h 1 b h 2 (ba) h 1 0 0 0 (ba) h 1 b h 2 ]
I= I 0 (3+2cos ς 1 +2cos ς 2 +2cos ς 3 )9 I 0 ( Δ i 0(i=1,2,3), 2 h 1 <<λ ) .

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