Abstract

We report a method for continuous tuning of ultraviolet (UV) radiation of second harmonic generation in a dispersive beta barium borate (BBO) whispering gallery mode resonator. The doubly resonant enhancement in a high quality factor resonator leads to high conversion efficiency but the resonator dispersion severely limits practical tuning range. By simultaneously varying the temperature of the resonator and the mechanical stress on the disk, we were able to experimentally demonstrate a continuous tuning range of 70 GHz of 317 nm laser light at 0.74%/mW conversion efficiency. The achieved tuning range is at least 35 times wider than that by either mechanical or temperature tuning alone.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  4. V. S. Ilchenko, A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, L. Maleki, “Nonlinear optics and crystalline whispering gallery mode cavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(4), 043903 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. K. Sasagawa, M. Tsuchiya, “Highly efficient third harmonic generation in a periodically poled MgO: LiNbO3 disk resonator,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(12), 122401 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Savchenkov, V. Ilchenko, A. Matsko, L. Maleki, “Kilohertz optical resonances in dielectric crystal cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 70(5), 051804 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Lin, J. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, I. S. Grudinin, N. Yu, “High-Q UV whispering gallery mode resonators made of angle-cut BBO crystals,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21372–21378 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. K. Hara, K. Matsumoto, T. Onda, W. Nagashima, I. Shoji, “Efficient ultraviolet second-harmonic generation from a walk-off-compensating β-BaB2O4 device with a new structure fabricated by room-temperature bonding,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(5), 052201 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. J. Rehse, S. A. Lee, “Generation of 125 mW frequency stabilized continuous-wave tunable laser light at 295 nm by frequency doubling in a BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 213(4-6), 347–350 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Kaneda, J. M. Yarborough, L. Li, N. Peyghambarian, L. Fan, C. Hessenius, M. Fallahi, J. Hader, J. V. Moloney, Y. Honda, M. Nishioka, Y. Shimizu, K. Miyazono, H. Shimatani, M. Yoshimura, Y. Mori, Y. Kitaoka, T. Sasaki, “Continuous-wave all-solid-state 244 nm deep-ultraviolet laser source by fourth-harmonic generation of an optically pumped semiconductor laser using CsLiB6O10 in an external resonator,” Opt. Lett. 33(15), 1705–1707 (2008).
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    [CrossRef]
  16. I. S. Grudinin, G. Lin, N. Yu, “Polarization conversion loss in birefringent crystalline resonators,” Opt. Lett. 38(14), 2410–2412 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. D. V. Strekalov, R. J. Thompson, L. M. Baumgartel, I. S. Grudinin, N. Yu, “Temperature measurement and stabilization in a birefringent whispering gallery mode resonator,” Opt. Express 19(15), 14495–14501 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, S. Haroche, “Strain-tunable high-Q optical microsphere resonator,” Opt. Commun. 145(1-6), 86–90 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  19. W. von Klitzing, R. Long, V. S. Ilchenko, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, “Tunable whispering gallery modes for spectroscopy and CQED experiments,” New J. Phys. 3, 14 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  20. D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62(5), 1968–1983 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  21. C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, D. Deng, J. Zhang, K. L. Wong, B. Wu, N. Ye, D. Tang, “The vacuum ultraviolet phase‐matching characteristics of nonlinear optical KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(21), 2930–2932 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

2013

G. Lin, J. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, N. Yu, “Wide-range cyclic phase matching and second harmonic generation in whispering gallery resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

I. S. Grudinin, G. Lin, N. Yu, “Polarization conversion loss in birefringent crystalline resonators,” Opt. Lett. 38(14), 2410–2412 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012

G. Lin, J. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, I. S. Grudinin, N. Yu, “High-Q UV whispering gallery mode resonators made of angle-cut BBO crystals,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21372–21378 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hara, K. Matsumoto, T. Onda, W. Nagashima, I. Shoji, “Efficient ultraviolet second-harmonic generation from a walk-off-compensating β-BaB2O4 device with a new structure fabricated by room-temperature bonding,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(5), 052201 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2010

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, M. Lassen, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, G. Leuchs, “Naturally phase-matched second-harmonic generation in a whispering-gallery-mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(15), 153901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

K. Sasagawa, M. Tsuchiya, “Highly efficient third harmonic generation in a periodically poled MgO: LiNbO3 disk resonator,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(12), 122401 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2004

V. S. Ilchenko, A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, L. Maleki, “Nonlinear optics and crystalline whispering gallery mode cavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(4), 043903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Savchenkov, V. Ilchenko, A. Matsko, L. Maleki, “Kilohertz optical resonances in dielectric crystal cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 70(5), 051804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

K. J. Vahala, “Optical microcavities,” Nature 424(6950), 839–846 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

S. J. Rehse, S. A. Lee, “Generation of 125 mW frequency stabilized continuous-wave tunable laser light at 295 nm by frequency doubling in a BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 213(4-6), 347–350 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

W. von Klitzing, R. Long, V. S. Ilchenko, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, “Tunable whispering gallery modes for spectroscopy and CQED experiments,” New J. Phys. 3, 14 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

1998

V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, S. Haroche, “Strain-tunable high-Q optical microsphere resonator,” Opt. Commun. 145(1-6), 86–90 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, D. Deng, J. Zhang, K. L. Wong, B. Wu, N. Ye, D. Tang, “The vacuum ultraviolet phase‐matching characteristics of nonlinear optical KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(21), 2930–2932 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993

1987

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62(5), 1968–1983 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1966

A. Ashkin, G. Boyd, J. Dziedzic, “Resonant optical second harmonic generation and mixing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2(6), 109–124 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Andersen, U. L.

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, M. Lassen, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, G. Leuchs, “Naturally phase-matched second-harmonic generation in a whispering-gallery-mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(15), 153901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ashkin, A.

A. Ashkin, G. Boyd, J. Dziedzic, “Resonant optical second harmonic generation and mixing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2(6), 109–124 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Baumgartel, L. M.

Boyd, G.

A. Ashkin, G. Boyd, J. Dziedzic, “Resonant optical second harmonic generation and mixing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2(6), 109–124 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Carmon, T.

Chen, C. T.

C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, D. Deng, J. Zhang, K. L. Wong, B. Wu, N. Ye, D. Tang, “The vacuum ultraviolet phase‐matching characteristics of nonlinear optical KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(21), 2930–2932 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Davis, L.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62(5), 1968–1983 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Deng, D.

C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, D. Deng, J. Zhang, K. L. Wong, B. Wu, N. Ye, D. Tang, “The vacuum ultraviolet phase‐matching characteristics of nonlinear optical KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(21), 2930–2932 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dziedzic, J.

A. Ashkin, G. Boyd, J. Dziedzic, “Resonant optical second harmonic generation and mixing,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 2(6), 109–124 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Eimerl, D.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62(5), 1968–1983 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Elser, D.

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, M. Lassen, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, G. Leuchs, “Naturally phase-matched second-harmonic generation in a whispering-gallery-mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(15), 153901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fallahi, M.

Fan, L.

Fiedler, K.

Fürst, J.

G. Lin, J. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, N. Yu, “Wide-range cyclic phase matching and second harmonic generation in whispering gallery resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. Lin, J. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, I. S. Grudinin, N. Yu, “High-Q UV whispering gallery mode resonators made of angle-cut BBO crystals,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21372–21378 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fürst, J. U.

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, M. Lassen, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, G. Leuchs, “Naturally phase-matched second-harmonic generation in a whispering-gallery-mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(15), 153901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gorodetsky, M. L.

Graham, E. K.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62(5), 1968–1983 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Grudinin, I. S.

Hader, J.

Hara, K.

K. Hara, K. Matsumoto, T. Onda, W. Nagashima, I. Shoji, “Efficient ultraviolet second-harmonic generation from a walk-off-compensating β-BaB2O4 device with a new structure fabricated by room-temperature bonding,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(5), 052201 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hare, J.

W. von Klitzing, R. Long, V. S. Ilchenko, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, “Tunable whispering gallery modes for spectroscopy and CQED experiments,” New J. Phys. 3, 14 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Haroche, S.

V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, S. Haroche, “Strain-tunable high-Q optical microsphere resonator,” Opt. Commun. 145(1-6), 86–90 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hessenius, C.

Honda, Y.

Ilchenko, V.

A. Savchenkov, V. Ilchenko, A. Matsko, L. Maleki, “Kilohertz optical resonances in dielectric crystal cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 70(5), 051804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ilchenko, V. S.

V. S. Ilchenko, A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, L. Maleki, “Nonlinear optics and crystalline whispering gallery mode cavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(4), 043903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. von Klitzing, R. Long, V. S. Ilchenko, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, “Tunable whispering gallery modes for spectroscopy and CQED experiments,” New J. Phys. 3, 14 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Gorodetsky, A. D. Pryamikov, V. S. Ilchenko, V. S., “Rayleigh scattering in high-Q microspheres,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(6), 1051–1057 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, S. Haroche, “Strain-tunable high-Q optical microsphere resonator,” Opt. Commun. 145(1-6), 86–90 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jarrahi, M.

Kaneda, Y.

Kitaoka, Y.

Kürz, P.

Lassen, M.

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, M. Lassen, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, G. Leuchs, “Naturally phase-matched second-harmonic generation in a whispering-gallery-mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(15), 153901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, S. A.

S. J. Rehse, S. A. Lee, “Generation of 125 mW frequency stabilized continuous-wave tunable laser light at 295 nm by frequency doubling in a BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 213(4-6), 347–350 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lefevre-Seguin, V.

V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, S. Haroche, “Strain-tunable high-Q optical microsphere resonator,” Opt. Commun. 145(1-6), 86–90 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lefèvre-Seguin, V.

W. von Klitzing, R. Long, V. S. Ilchenko, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, “Tunable whispering gallery modes for spectroscopy and CQED experiments,” New J. Phys. 3, 14 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Leuchs, G.

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, M. Lassen, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, G. Leuchs, “Naturally phase-matched second-harmonic generation in a whispering-gallery-mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(15), 153901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, L.

Lin, G.

Long, R.

W. von Klitzing, R. Long, V. S. Ilchenko, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, “Tunable whispering gallery modes for spectroscopy and CQED experiments,” New J. Phys. 3, 14 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Maleki, L.

V. S. Ilchenko, A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, L. Maleki, “Nonlinear optics and crystalline whispering gallery mode cavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(4), 043903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Savchenkov, V. Ilchenko, A. Matsko, L. Maleki, “Kilohertz optical resonances in dielectric crystal cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 70(5), 051804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Marquardt, C.

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, M. Lassen, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, G. Leuchs, “Naturally phase-matched second-harmonic generation in a whispering-gallery-mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(15), 153901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsko, A.

A. Savchenkov, V. Ilchenko, A. Matsko, L. Maleki, “Kilohertz optical resonances in dielectric crystal cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 70(5), 051804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Matsko, A. B.

V. S. Ilchenko, A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, L. Maleki, “Nonlinear optics and crystalline whispering gallery mode cavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(4), 043903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsumoto, K.

K. Hara, K. Matsumoto, T. Onda, W. Nagashima, I. Shoji, “Efficient ultraviolet second-harmonic generation from a walk-off-compensating β-BaB2O4 device with a new structure fabricated by room-temperature bonding,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(5), 052201 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Miyazono, K.

Mlynek, J.

Moloney, J. V.

Moore, J.

Mori, Y.

Nagashima, W.

K. Hara, K. Matsumoto, T. Onda, W. Nagashima, I. Shoji, “Efficient ultraviolet second-harmonic generation from a walk-off-compensating β-BaB2O4 device with a new structure fabricated by room-temperature bonding,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(5), 052201 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nishioka, M.

Onda, T.

K. Hara, K. Matsumoto, T. Onda, W. Nagashima, I. Shoji, “Efficient ultraviolet second-harmonic generation from a walk-off-compensating β-BaB2O4 device with a new structure fabricated by room-temperature bonding,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(5), 052201 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

Peyghambarian, N.

Pryamikov, A. D.

Raimond, J. M.

V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, S. Haroche, “Strain-tunable high-Q optical microsphere resonator,” Opt. Commun. 145(1-6), 86–90 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rehse, S. J.

S. J. Rehse, S. A. Lee, “Generation of 125 mW frequency stabilized continuous-wave tunable laser light at 295 nm by frequency doubling in a BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 213(4-6), 347–350 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sasagawa, K.

K. Sasagawa, M. Tsuchiya, “Highly efficient third harmonic generation in a periodically poled MgO: LiNbO3 disk resonator,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(12), 122401 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, T.

Savchenkov, A.

A. Savchenkov, V. Ilchenko, A. Matsko, L. Maleki, “Kilohertz optical resonances in dielectric crystal cavities,” Phys. Rev. A 70(5), 051804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Savchenkov, A. A.

V. S. Ilchenko, A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, L. Maleki, “Nonlinear optics and crystalline whispering gallery mode cavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(4), 043903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schiller, S.

Shimatani, H.

Shimizu, Y.

Shoji, I.

K. Hara, K. Matsumoto, T. Onda, W. Nagashima, I. Shoji, “Efficient ultraviolet second-harmonic generation from a walk-off-compensating β-BaB2O4 device with a new structure fabricated by room-temperature bonding,” Appl. Phys. Express 5(5), 052201 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Strekalov, D. V.

G. Lin, J. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, N. Yu, “Wide-range cyclic phase matching and second harmonic generation in whispering gallery resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(18), 181107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. Lin, J. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, I. S. Grudinin, N. Yu, “High-Q UV whispering gallery mode resonators made of angle-cut BBO crystals,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21372–21378 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Strekalov, R. J. Thompson, L. M. Baumgartel, I. S. Grudinin, N. Yu, “Temperature measurement and stabilization in a birefringent whispering gallery mode resonator,” Opt. Express 19(15), 14495–14501 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, M. Lassen, U. L. Andersen, C. Marquardt, G. Leuchs, “Naturally phase-matched second-harmonic generation in a whispering-gallery-mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(15), 153901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tang, D.

C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, D. Deng, J. Zhang, K. L. Wong, B. Wu, N. Ye, D. Tang, “The vacuum ultraviolet phase‐matching characteristics of nonlinear optical KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(21), 2930–2932 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, R. J.

Tomes, M.

Treussart, F.

V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, S. Haroche, “Strain-tunable high-Q optical microsphere resonator,” Opt. Commun. 145(1-6), 86–90 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchiya, M.

K. Sasagawa, M. Tsuchiya, “Highly efficient third harmonic generation in a periodically poled MgO: LiNbO3 disk resonator,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(12), 122401 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vahala, K. J.

K. J. Vahala, “Optical microcavities,” Nature 424(6950), 839–846 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Velichansky, V. L.

V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, S. Haroche, “Strain-tunable high-Q optical microsphere resonator,” Opt. Commun. 145(1-6), 86–90 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Velsko, S.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62(5), 1968–1983 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Volikov, P. S.

V. S. Ilchenko, P. S. Volikov, V. L. Velichansky, F. Treussart, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. M. Raimond, S. Haroche, “Strain-tunable high-Q optical microsphere resonator,” Opt. Commun. 145(1-6), 86–90 (1998).
[CrossRef]

von Klitzing, W.

W. von Klitzing, R. Long, V. S. Ilchenko, J. Hare, V. Lefèvre-Seguin, “Tunable whispering gallery modes for spectroscopy and CQED experiments,” New J. Phys. 3, 14 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wong, K. L.

C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, D. Deng, J. Zhang, K. L. Wong, B. Wu, N. Ye, D. Tang, “The vacuum ultraviolet phase‐matching characteristics of nonlinear optical KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(21), 2930–2932 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B.

C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, D. Deng, J. Zhang, K. L. Wong, B. Wu, N. Ye, D. Tang, “The vacuum ultraviolet phase‐matching characteristics of nonlinear optical KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(21), 2930–2932 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z. Y.

C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, D. Deng, J. Zhang, K. L. Wong, B. Wu, N. Ye, D. Tang, “The vacuum ultraviolet phase‐matching characteristics of nonlinear optical KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(21), 2930–2932 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yarborough, J. M.

Ye, N.

C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, D. Deng, J. Zhang, K. L. Wong, B. Wu, N. Ye, D. Tang, “The vacuum ultraviolet phase‐matching characteristics of nonlinear optical KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(21), 2930–2932 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yoshimura, M.

Yu, N.

Zalkin, A.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62(5), 1968–1983 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

C. T. Chen, Z. Y. Xu, D. Deng, J. Zhang, K. L. Wong, B. Wu, N. Ye, D. Tang, “The vacuum ultraviolet phase‐matching characteristics of nonlinear optical KBe2BO3F2 crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(21), 2930–2932 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Express

K. Sasagawa, M. Tsuchiya, “Highly efficient third harmonic generation in a periodically poled MgO: LiNbO3 disk resonator,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(12), 122401 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup. LP, linear polarizer; HWP, half-wave plate; DM, dichroic mirror; BP, bandpass filter; T, temperature; U, voltage on the piezo. Inset: a photo of a BBO resonator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reflected pump and second harmonic output power as pump is detuned across several WGMs. Inset: UV beam fluorescence spots on a white paper with and without the green fluorescent ink.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Schematic of doubly resonant condition: left, optimized; right, not optimized, where red curves indicate the pump while magenta curves the second harmonics which have wider width due to larger Rayleigh scattering loss at shorter wavelength; (b) Tuning spectra with increasing voltage applied on the piezo as labeled on the curves and with fixed temperature.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Tuning spectra with simultaneously increasing both the temperature T and piezo voltage U. The temperature step is 0.2 °C and piezo voltage step is about 6 V.

Equations (1)

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1 f df dX = 1 n dn dX 1 r dr dX

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