Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate a highly spectral efficient optical flow control technique for intra data center networks. A bi-directional system is implemented for generating flow control signal by reusing label wavelength and the transmission link within the same WDM channel. Dynamic operation shows high-quality flow control signal with 265ns latency including 220ns propagation delay and 500mV amplitude with low input power and low bias current. Error free operation with 0.5dB penalty for 40Gb/s payload indicates that no distortion has been caused due the transmission of label and flow control signal.

©2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. T. Benson, A. Akella, and D. A. Maltz, “Network traffic characteristics of data centers in the wild,” in Proceedings of 10th annual conference on Internet measurement. (ACM, New York, 2010), pp. 267–280.
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  3. Cisco Data Center Interconnect Design and Deployment Guide
  4. L. A. Barroso and U. Hölze, The datacenter as a computer: an introduction to the design of warehouse-scale machines (Morgan and Claypool Publishers, Los Angeles, 2009).
  5. K. Chen, C. Hu, X. Zhang, K. Zheng, Y. Chen, and A. V. Vasilakos, “Survey on routing in data centers: insights and future directions,” IEEE Netw. 25(4), 6–10 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  6. X. Ye, Y. Yin, S. J. B. Yoo, P. Mejia, R. Proietti, and V. Akella, “DOS: A scalable optical switch for datacenters,” in Proceedings of the 6th ACM/IEEE Symposium on Architectures for Networking and Communications Systems. (ACM, New York, 2010), pp. 1–24.
    [Crossref]
  7. A. K. Kodi and A. Louri, “Energy-Efficient and Bandwidth-Reconfigurable Photonic Networks for High-Performance Computing (HPC) Systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 384–395 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, J. D. LeGrange, P. Bernasconi, and D. T. Neilson, “Photonic Terabit Routers: The IRIS Project,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OThP3.
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  11. J. Luo, H. J. S. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Optical RF tone in-band labeling for large-scale and low-latency optical packet switches,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(16), 2637–2645 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  12. P. De Heyn, S. Verstuyft, S. Keyvaninia, A. Trita, and D. Van Thourhout, “Tunable 4-Channel Ultra-Dense WDM Demultiplexer with III-V Photodiodes Integrated on Silicon-on-Insulator,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper ATh2B.1.
    [Crossref]
  13. S. Kandula, S. Sengupta, A. Greenberg, A. Patel, and R. Chaiken, “The Nature of Datacenter Traffic: Measurements & analysis”, in Proceedings of the 9th ACM SIGCOMM conference on Internet measurement conference. (ACM, New York, 2009), pp. 202–208.
    [Crossref]
  14. T. Benson, A. Anand, A. Akella, and M. Zhang, “Understanding Data Center Traffic Characteristics,” ACM SIGCOMM Computer Communication Review 40(1), 92–99 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  15. Analyzing data using eye diagrams,” Agilent, 2009. http://na.tm.agilent.com/plts/help/WebHelp/Analyzing/Analyzing_Data_using_Eye_Diagrams.html .

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

2011 (3)

S. Sakr, A. Liu, D. Batista, and M. Alomari, “A survey on large scale data management approaches in cloud environments,” IEEE Commun. Surveys Tutorials 13(3), 311–336 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Chen, C. Hu, X. Zhang, K. Zheng, Y. Chen, and A. V. Vasilakos, “Survey on routing in data centers: insights and future directions,” IEEE Netw. 25(4), 6–10 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. K. Kodi and A. Louri, “Energy-Efficient and Bandwidth-Reconfigurable Photonic Networks for High-Performance Computing (HPC) Systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 384–395 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

T. Benson, A. Anand, A. Akella, and M. Zhang, “Understanding Data Center Traffic Characteristics,” ACM SIGCOMM Computer Communication Review 40(1), 92–99 (2010).
[Crossref]

Akella, A.

T. Benson, A. Anand, A. Akella, and M. Zhang, “Understanding Data Center Traffic Characteristics,” ACM SIGCOMM Computer Communication Review 40(1), 92–99 (2010).
[Crossref]

Alomari, M.

S. Sakr, A. Liu, D. Batista, and M. Alomari, “A survey on large scale data management approaches in cloud environments,” IEEE Commun. Surveys Tutorials 13(3), 311–336 (2011).
[Crossref]

Anand, A.

T. Benson, A. Anand, A. Akella, and M. Zhang, “Understanding Data Center Traffic Characteristics,” ACM SIGCOMM Computer Communication Review 40(1), 92–99 (2010).
[Crossref]

Batista, D.

S. Sakr, A. Liu, D. Batista, and M. Alomari, “A survey on large scale data management approaches in cloud environments,” IEEE Commun. Surveys Tutorials 13(3), 311–336 (2011).
[Crossref]

Benson, T.

T. Benson, A. Anand, A. Akella, and M. Zhang, “Understanding Data Center Traffic Characteristics,” ACM SIGCOMM Computer Communication Review 40(1), 92–99 (2010).
[Crossref]

Calabretta, N.

Centelles, R. P.

Chen, K.

K. Chen, C. Hu, X. Zhang, K. Zheng, Y. Chen, and A. V. Vasilakos, “Survey on routing in data centers: insights and future directions,” IEEE Netw. 25(4), 6–10 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

K. Chen, C. Hu, X. Zhang, K. Zheng, Y. Chen, and A. V. Vasilakos, “Survey on routing in data centers: insights and future directions,” IEEE Netw. 25(4), 6–10 (2011).
[Crossref]

Di Lucente, S.

Dorren, H. J. S.

Hu, C.

K. Chen, C. Hu, X. Zhang, K. Zheng, Y. Chen, and A. V. Vasilakos, “Survey on routing in data centers: insights and future directions,” IEEE Netw. 25(4), 6–10 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kodi, A. K.

A. K. Kodi and A. Louri, “Energy-Efficient and Bandwidth-Reconfigurable Photonic Networks for High-Performance Computing (HPC) Systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 384–395 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, A.

S. Sakr, A. Liu, D. Batista, and M. Alomari, “A survey on large scale data management approaches in cloud environments,” IEEE Commun. Surveys Tutorials 13(3), 311–336 (2011).
[Crossref]

Louri, A.

A. K. Kodi and A. Louri, “Energy-Efficient and Bandwidth-Reconfigurable Photonic Networks for High-Performance Computing (HPC) Systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 384–395 (2011).
[Crossref]

Luo, J.

Rohit, A.

Sakr, S.

S. Sakr, A. Liu, D. Batista, and M. Alomari, “A survey on large scale data management approaches in cloud environments,” IEEE Commun. Surveys Tutorials 13(3), 311–336 (2011).
[Crossref]

Vasilakos, A. V.

K. Chen, C. Hu, X. Zhang, K. Zheng, Y. Chen, and A. V. Vasilakos, “Survey on routing in data centers: insights and future directions,” IEEE Netw. 25(4), 6–10 (2011).
[Crossref]

Williams, K. A.

Zhang, M.

T. Benson, A. Anand, A. Akella, and M. Zhang, “Understanding Data Center Traffic Characteristics,” ACM SIGCOMM Computer Communication Review 40(1), 92–99 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

K. Chen, C. Hu, X. Zhang, K. Zheng, Y. Chen, and A. V. Vasilakos, “Survey on routing in data centers: insights and future directions,” IEEE Netw. 25(4), 6–10 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zheng, K.

K. Chen, C. Hu, X. Zhang, K. Zheng, Y. Chen, and A. V. Vasilakos, “Survey on routing in data centers: insights and future directions,” IEEE Netw. 25(4), 6–10 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zou, S.

ACM SIGCOMM Computer Communication Review (1)

T. Benson, A. Anand, A. Akella, and M. Zhang, “Understanding Data Center Traffic Characteristics,” ACM SIGCOMM Computer Communication Review 40(1), 92–99 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Commun. Surveys Tutorials (1)

S. Sakr, A. Liu, D. Batista, and M. Alomari, “A survey on large scale data management approaches in cloud environments,” IEEE Commun. Surveys Tutorials 13(3), 311–336 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. K. Kodi and A. Louri, “Energy-Efficient and Bandwidth-Reconfigurable Photonic Networks for High-Performance Computing (HPC) Systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 384–395 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE Netw. (1)

K. Chen, C. Hu, X. Zhang, K. Zheng, Y. Chen, and A. V. Vasilakos, “Survey on routing in data centers: insights and future directions,” IEEE Netw. 25(4), 6–10 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Other (9)

Analyzing data using eye diagrams,” Agilent, 2009. http://na.tm.agilent.com/plts/help/WebHelp/Analyzing/Analyzing_Data_using_Eye_Diagrams.html .

J. Luo, S. Di Lucente, J. Ramirez, H. J. S. Dorren, and N. Calabretta, “Low latency and large port count optical packet switch with highly distributed control,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OW3J.2.
[Crossref]

T. Benson, A. Akella, and D. A. Maltz, “Network traffic characteristics of data centers in the wild,” in Proceedings of 10th annual conference on Internet measurement. (ACM, New York, 2010), pp. 267–280.
[Crossref]

X. Ye, Y. Yin, S. J. B. Yoo, P. Mejia, R. Proietti, and V. Akella, “DOS: A scalable optical switch for datacenters,” in Proceedings of the 6th ACM/IEEE Symposium on Architectures for Networking and Communications Systems. (ACM, New York, 2010), pp. 1–24.
[Crossref]

Cisco Data Center Interconnect Design and Deployment Guide

L. A. Barroso and U. Hölze, The datacenter as a computer: an introduction to the design of warehouse-scale machines (Morgan and Claypool Publishers, Los Angeles, 2009).

J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, J. D. LeGrange, P. Bernasconi, and D. T. Neilson, “Photonic Terabit Routers: The IRIS Project,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OThP3.
[Crossref]

P. De Heyn, S. Verstuyft, S. Keyvaninia, A. Trita, and D. Van Thourhout, “Tunable 4-Channel Ultra-Dense WDM Demultiplexer with III-V Photodiodes Integrated on Silicon-on-Insulator,” in Asia Communications and Photonics Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper ATh2B.1.
[Crossref]

S. Kandula, S. Sengupta, A. Greenberg, A. Patel, and R. Chaiken, “The Nature of Datacenter Traffic: Measurements & analysis”, in Proceedings of the 9th ACM SIGCOMM conference on Internet measurement conference. (ACM, New York, 2009), pp. 202–208.
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 WDM OPS architecture with highly distributed control.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Experimental set-up of optical flow control system.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Electrical spectrum of the RF tone label. (b) Optical spectrum before and after label extractor. (c) Electrical spectrum of detected re-modulated signal. (d) Electrical spectrum of ACK after LPF.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Dynamic operation including retransmission.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Dynamic operation with variable distance. (a) Both nodes with1km from OPS. (b) Node1 with1km and Node 2 with 400m.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) 40 Gb/s payload BER curves and eye diagrams. (b) Eye-opening and amplitude of detected ACK.

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