Abstract

Optical Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (O-OFDM), which transmits high speed optical signals using multiple spectrally overlapped lower-speed subcarriers, is a promising candidate for supporting future elastic optical networks. In contrast to previous works which focus on Coherent Optical OFDM (CO-OFDM), in this paper, we consider the direct-detection optical OFDM (DDO-OFDM) as the transport technique, which leads to simpler hardware and software realizations, potentially offering a low-cost solution for elastic optical networks, especially in metro networks, and short or medium distance core networks. Based on this network scenario, we design and deploy a software-defined networking (SDN) control plane enabled by extending OpenFlow, detailing the network architecture, the routing and spectrum assignment algorithm, OpenFlow protocol extensions and the experimental validation. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first time that an OpenFlow-based control plane is reported and its performance is quantitatively measured in an elastic optical network with DDO-OFDM transmission.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(11), 66–73 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, S. J. Ben Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: a new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s12–s20 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(8), 138–145 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, R. Casellas, R. Martínez, R. Muñoz, “Control plane techniques for elastic optical networks: GMPLS/PCE vs OpenFlow,” in IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM 2012), (2012), pp. 352–357.
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Casellas, R. Munoz, J. M. Fàbrega, M. S. Moreolo, R. Martinez, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, and I. Morita, “Experimental assessment of a combined PCE-RMA and distributed spectrum allocation mechanism for GMPLS Elastic CO-OFDM Optical Networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM3G.1.
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Muñoz, R. Casellas, R. Martínez, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, and I. Morita, “Experimental evaluation of efficient routing and distributed spectrum allocation algorithms for GMPLS elastic networks,” in 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC 2012), (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Mo.2.D.4.
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. Casellas, R. Muñoz, J. M. Fàbrega, M. S. Moreolo, R. Martínez, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, “GMPLS/PCE control of flexi-grid DWDM optical networks using CO-OFDM transmission,” IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(11), B1–B10 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  8. OpenFlow”, retrieved http://www.openflow.org/ .
  9. NOX”, retrieved http://www.noxrepo.org/ .
  10. L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, H. Guo, and J. Wu, “OpenFlow-based wavelength path control in transparent optical networks: a proof-of-concept demonstration,” in 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC 2011), (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper Tu.5.K.2.
    [CrossRef]
  11. L. Liu, D. Zhang, T. Tsuritani, R. Vilalta, R. Casellas, L. Hong, I. Morita, H. Guo, J. Wu, R. Martinez, and R. Muñoz, “First field trial of an OpenFlow-based unified control plane for multi-layer multi-granularity optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2012), (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5D.2.
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Das, G. Parulkar, and N. McKeown, “Why OpenFlow/SDN can succeed where GMPLS failed,” in 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC 2012), (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Tu.1.D.1.
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. Liu, R. Muñoz, R. Casellas, T. Tsuritani, R. Martínez, and I. Morita, “OpenSlice: an OpenFlow-based control plane for spectrum sliced elastic optical path networks,” in 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC 2012), (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Mo.2.D.3.
    [CrossRef]
  14. L. Liu, H. Y. Choi, R. Casellas, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, R. Martínez, and R. Munoz, “Demonstration of a dynamic transparent WSON employing flexible transmitter/receiver controlled by an OpenFlow/stateless PCE integrated control plane,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2013), (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper NTu3F.5.
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. Casellas, R. Martínez, R. Munoz, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, and I. Morita, “An integrated stateful PCE / OpenFlow controller for the control and management of flexi-grid optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2013), (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW4G.2.
    [CrossRef]
  16. F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, N. Hussain, F. Fresi, and L. Poti, “OpenFlow-based flexible optical networks with enhanced monitoring functionalities,” in 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC 2012), (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Tu.1.D.5.
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Yang, Y. Ji, H. Li, Y. Lin, G. Li, J. Han, Y. Lee, and T. Ma, “First demonstration of enhanced software defined networking (eSDN) over elastic grid (eGrid) optical networks for data center service migration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2013), (2012), paper PDP5B.1.
  18. M. Channegowda, R. Nejabati, M. R. Fard, S. Peng, N. Amaya, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, R. Vilalta, R. Casellas, R. Martínez, R. Muñoz, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, A. Autenrieth, J.-P. Elbers, P. Kostecki, and P. Kaczmarek, “First demonstration of an OpenFlow based software-defined optical network employing packet, fixed and flexible DWDM grid technologies on an international multi-domain testbed,” in 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC 2012), (Optical Society of America, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2012), paper Th.3.D.2.
    [CrossRef]
  19. W. Shieh, “OFDM for flexible high-speed optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(10), 1560–1577 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  20. G. Zhang, M. D. Leenheer, A. Morea, B. Mukherjee, “A survey on OFDM-based elastic core optical networking,” IEEE Commun. Surveys & Tutorials 15(1), 65–87 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  21. W.-R. Peng, H. Takahashi, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, “Transmission of a 213.7-Gb/s single-polarization direct-detection optical OFDM superchannel over 720-km standard single mode fiber with EDFA-only amplification,” in 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC 2010), (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper PDP 2.5.
    [CrossRef]
  22. W.-R. Peng, I. Morita, H. Takahashi, T. Tsuritani, “Transmission of high-speed (>100 Gb/s) direct-detection optical OFDM superchannel,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(12), 2025–2034 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  23. W.-R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, K.-M. Feng, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, A. E. Willner, S. Chi, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of direct-detected RF-tone-assisted optical OFDM systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(10), 1332–1339 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

G. Zhang, M. D. Leenheer, A. Morea, B. Mukherjee, “A survey on OFDM-based elastic core optical networking,” IEEE Commun. Surveys & Tutorials 15(1), 65–87 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (3)

W.-R. Peng, I. Morita, H. Takahashi, T. Tsuritani, “Transmission of high-speed (>100 Gb/s) direct-detection optical OFDM superchannel,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(12), 2025–2034 (2012).
[CrossRef]

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, S. J. Ben Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: a new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s12–s20 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Casellas, R. Muñoz, J. M. Fàbrega, M. S. Moreolo, R. Martínez, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, “GMPLS/PCE control of flexi-grid DWDM optical networks using CO-OFDM transmission,” IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(11), B1–B10 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(8), 138–145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

W.-R. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, K.-M. Feng, B. Shamee, L. C. Christen, J.-Y. Yang, A. E. Willner, S. Chi, “Theoretical and experimental investigations of direct-detected RF-tone-assisted optical OFDM systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(10), 1332–1339 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(11), 66–73 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Arbab, V. R.

Ben Yoo, S. J.

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, S. J. Ben Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: a new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s12–s20 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Casellas, R.

R. Casellas, R. Muñoz, J. M. Fàbrega, M. S. Moreolo, R. Martínez, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, “GMPLS/PCE control of flexi-grid DWDM optical networks using CO-OFDM transmission,” IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(11), B1–B10 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, R. Casellas, R. Martínez, R. Muñoz, “Control plane techniques for elastic optical networks: GMPLS/PCE vs OpenFlow,” in IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM 2012), (2012), pp. 352–357.
[CrossRef]

Chi, S.

Christen, L. C.

Fàbrega, J. M.

R. Casellas, R. Muñoz, J. M. Fàbrega, M. S. Moreolo, R. Martínez, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, “GMPLS/PCE control of flexi-grid DWDM optical networks using CO-OFDM transmission,” IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(11), B1–B10 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Feng, K.-M.

Gerstel, O.

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, S. J. Ben Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: a new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s12–s20 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hirano, A.

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(8), 138–145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jinno, M.

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, S. J. Ben Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: a new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s12–s20 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(8), 138–145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(11), 66–73 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kozicki, B.

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(8), 138–145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(11), 66–73 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Leenheer, M. D.

G. Zhang, M. D. Leenheer, A. Morea, B. Mukherjee, “A survey on OFDM-based elastic core optical networking,” IEEE Commun. Surveys & Tutorials 15(1), 65–87 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Liu, L.

R. Casellas, R. Muñoz, J. M. Fàbrega, M. S. Moreolo, R. Martínez, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, “GMPLS/PCE control of flexi-grid DWDM optical networks using CO-OFDM transmission,” IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(11), B1–B10 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, R. Casellas, R. Martínez, R. Muñoz, “Control plane techniques for elastic optical networks: GMPLS/PCE vs OpenFlow,” in IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM 2012), (2012), pp. 352–357.
[CrossRef]

Lord, A.

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, S. J. Ben Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: a new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s12–s20 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Martínez, R.

R. Casellas, R. Muñoz, J. M. Fàbrega, M. S. Moreolo, R. Martínez, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, “GMPLS/PCE control of flexi-grid DWDM optical networks using CO-OFDM transmission,” IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(11), B1–B10 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, R. Casellas, R. Martínez, R. Muñoz, “Control plane techniques for elastic optical networks: GMPLS/PCE vs OpenFlow,” in IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM 2012), (2012), pp. 352–357.
[CrossRef]

Matsuoka, S.

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(11), 66–73 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Morea, A.

G. Zhang, M. D. Leenheer, A. Morea, B. Mukherjee, “A survey on OFDM-based elastic core optical networking,” IEEE Commun. Surveys & Tutorials 15(1), 65–87 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Moreolo, M. S.

R. Casellas, R. Muñoz, J. M. Fàbrega, M. S. Moreolo, R. Martínez, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, “GMPLS/PCE control of flexi-grid DWDM optical networks using CO-OFDM transmission,” IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(11), B1–B10 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Morita, I.

R. Casellas, R. Muñoz, J. M. Fàbrega, M. S. Moreolo, R. Martínez, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, “GMPLS/PCE control of flexi-grid DWDM optical networks using CO-OFDM transmission,” IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(11), B1–B10 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W.-R. Peng, I. Morita, H. Takahashi, T. Tsuritani, “Transmission of high-speed (>100 Gb/s) direct-detection optical OFDM superchannel,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(12), 2025–2034 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, R. Casellas, R. Martínez, R. Muñoz, “Control plane techniques for elastic optical networks: GMPLS/PCE vs OpenFlow,” in IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM 2012), (2012), pp. 352–357.
[CrossRef]

Mukherjee, B.

G. Zhang, M. D. Leenheer, A. Morea, B. Mukherjee, “A survey on OFDM-based elastic core optical networking,” IEEE Commun. Surveys & Tutorials 15(1), 65–87 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Muñoz, R.

R. Casellas, R. Muñoz, J. M. Fàbrega, M. S. Moreolo, R. Martínez, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, “GMPLS/PCE control of flexi-grid DWDM optical networks using CO-OFDM transmission,” IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(11), B1–B10 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, R. Casellas, R. Martínez, R. Muñoz, “Control plane techniques for elastic optical networks: GMPLS/PCE vs OpenFlow,” in IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM 2012), (2012), pp. 352–357.
[CrossRef]

Peng, W.-R.

Shamee, B.

Shieh, W.

Sone, Y.

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(8), 138–145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(11), 66–73 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, H.

Takara, H.

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(8), 138–145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(11), 66–73 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, T.

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(8), 138–145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tsukishima, Y.

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(11), 66–73 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tsuritani, T.

R. Casellas, R. Muñoz, J. M. Fàbrega, M. S. Moreolo, R. Martínez, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, “GMPLS/PCE control of flexi-grid DWDM optical networks using CO-OFDM transmission,” IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(11), B1–B10 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W.-R. Peng, I. Morita, H. Takahashi, T. Tsuritani, “Transmission of high-speed (>100 Gb/s) direct-detection optical OFDM superchannel,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30(12), 2025–2034 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, R. Casellas, R. Martínez, R. Muñoz, “Control plane techniques for elastic optical networks: GMPLS/PCE vs OpenFlow,” in IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM 2012), (2012), pp. 352–357.
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, A.

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(8), 138–145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

Wu, X.

Yang, J.-Y.

Zhang, G.

G. Zhang, M. D. Leenheer, A. Morea, B. Mukherjee, “A survey on OFDM-based elastic core optical networking,” IEEE Commun. Surveys & Tutorials 15(1), 65–87 (2013).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (3)

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, S. Matsuoka, “Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(11), 66–73 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, S. J. Ben Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: a new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s12–s20 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Jinno, B. Kozicki, H. Takara, A. Watanabe, Y. Sone, T. Tanaka, A. Hirano, “Distance-adaptive spectrum resource allocation in spectrum-sliced elastic optical path network,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(8), 138–145 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Surveys & Tutorials (1)

G. Zhang, M. D. Leenheer, A. Morea, B. Mukherjee, “A survey on OFDM-based elastic core optical networking,” IEEE Commun. Surveys & Tutorials 15(1), 65–87 (2013).
[CrossRef]

IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

R. Casellas, R. Muñoz, J. M. Fàbrega, M. S. Moreolo, R. Martínez, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, “GMPLS/PCE control of flexi-grid DWDM optical networks using CO-OFDM transmission,” IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(11), B1–B10 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Other (15)

W.-R. Peng, H. Takahashi, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, “Transmission of a 213.7-Gb/s single-polarization direct-detection optical OFDM superchannel over 720-km standard single mode fiber with EDFA-only amplification,” in 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC 2010), (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper PDP 2.5.
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, R. Casellas, R. Martínez, R. Muñoz, “Control plane techniques for elastic optical networks: GMPLS/PCE vs OpenFlow,” in IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM 2012), (2012), pp. 352–357.
[CrossRef]

R. Casellas, R. Munoz, J. M. Fàbrega, M. S. Moreolo, R. Martinez, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, and I. Morita, “Experimental assessment of a combined PCE-RMA and distributed spectrum allocation mechanism for GMPLS Elastic CO-OFDM Optical Networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM3G.1.
[CrossRef]

R. Muñoz, R. Casellas, R. Martínez, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, and I. Morita, “Experimental evaluation of efficient routing and distributed spectrum allocation algorithms for GMPLS elastic networks,” in 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC 2012), (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Mo.2.D.4.
[CrossRef]

OpenFlow”, retrieved http://www.openflow.org/ .

NOX”, retrieved http://www.noxrepo.org/ .

L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, H. Guo, and J. Wu, “OpenFlow-based wavelength path control in transparent optical networks: a proof-of-concept demonstration,” in 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC 2011), (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper Tu.5.K.2.
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, D. Zhang, T. Tsuritani, R. Vilalta, R. Casellas, L. Hong, I. Morita, H. Guo, J. Wu, R. Martinez, and R. Muñoz, “First field trial of an OpenFlow-based unified control plane for multi-layer multi-granularity optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2012), (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5D.2.
[CrossRef]

S. Das, G. Parulkar, and N. McKeown, “Why OpenFlow/SDN can succeed where GMPLS failed,” in 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC 2012), (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Tu.1.D.1.
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, R. Muñoz, R. Casellas, T. Tsuritani, R. Martínez, and I. Morita, “OpenSlice: an OpenFlow-based control plane for spectrum sliced elastic optical path networks,” in 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC 2012), (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Mo.2.D.3.
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, H. Y. Choi, R. Casellas, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, R. Martínez, and R. Munoz, “Demonstration of a dynamic transparent WSON employing flexible transmitter/receiver controlled by an OpenFlow/stateless PCE integrated control plane,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2013), (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper NTu3F.5.
[CrossRef]

R. Casellas, R. Martínez, R. Munoz, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, and I. Morita, “An integrated stateful PCE / OpenFlow controller for the control and management of flexi-grid optical networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2013), (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW4G.2.
[CrossRef]

F. Paolucci, F. Cugini, N. Hussain, F. Fresi, and L. Poti, “OpenFlow-based flexible optical networks with enhanced monitoring functionalities,” in 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC 2012), (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Tu.1.D.5.
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Yang, Y. Ji, H. Li, Y. Lin, G. Li, J. Han, Y. Lee, and T. Ma, “First demonstration of enhanced software defined networking (eSDN) over elastic grid (eGrid) optical networks for data center service migration,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2013), (2012), paper PDP5B.1.

M. Channegowda, R. Nejabati, M. R. Fard, S. Peng, N. Amaya, G. Zervas, D. Simeonidou, R. Vilalta, R. Casellas, R. Martínez, R. Muñoz, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, A. Autenrieth, J.-P. Elbers, P. Kostecki, and P. Kaczmarek, “First demonstration of an OpenFlow based software-defined optical network employing packet, fixed and flexible DWDM grid technologies on an international multi-domain testbed,” in 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communications (ECOC 2012), (Optical Society of America, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2012), paper Th.3.D.2.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Network architecture and path provisioning procedures for OpenFlow-controlled elastic optical networks with DDO-OFDM transmission.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) DDO-OFDM transmitter (Tx); (b) DDO-OFDM receiver (Rx).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Diagram of the two-phase RSA computation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental setup.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

BER performance at the Rx for different distances and hop count corresponding to different modulation formats (4QAM, 16QAM, 64QAM) at 10Gb/s.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

BER performance at the Rx for different distances and hop count corresponding to different modulation formats (4QAM, 16QAM, 64QAM) at 40Gb/s.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

BER performance at the Rx for different distances and hop count corresponding to different modulation formats (4QAM, 16QAM, 64QAM) at 100Gb/s.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Wireshark capture of an extended Packet In message.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Wireshark capture of an extended Flow Mod message.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Path setup and release latencies.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Blocking probability measurement.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Signal Bandwidth and Required Spectrum Slots for DDO-OFDM with Different Modulation Formats

Metrics