Abstract

A new optoelectronic serial-to-parallel converter (SPC) has been developed to interface 25-Gbps asynchronous optical packets to CMOS circuitry. Other than all previous optoelectronic SPCs that are limited to single-shot operation and hence that can only be used for packet label processing, the SPC presented here can operate repeatedly with a period of as low as 640 ps to perform 1:16 conversion for an entire burst-mode 25-Gbps optical packet. The new SPC adopts a shared-trigger configuration and hence a single device can either convert a single packet or dual packets simultaneously. In this paper, the design and operation of the new SPC is explained after reviewing the fundamentals of performing bit-by-bit serial-to-parallel conversion by using HEMT-arrays and MSM-PDs. The response of the fabricated SPC device is presented and explained, together with the experimental work done to demonstrate 1:16 dual packet conversion at 25 Gbps.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  18. S. Y. Chou, M. Y. Liu, “Nanoscale tera-hertz metal-semiconductor-metal photodetectors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(10), 2358–2368 (1992).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (2)

S. J. B. Yoo, “Energy efficiency in the future internet: the role of optical packet switching and optical-label switching,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 406–418 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Hinton, J. Baliga, M. Z. Feng, R. W. A. Ayre, R. S. Tucker, “Power consumption and energy efficiency in the internet,” IEEE Netw. 25(2), 6–12 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

R. Takahashi, T. Yasui, J.-K. Seo, H. Suzuki, “Ultrafast all-optical serial-to-parallel converters based on spin-polarized surface-normal optical switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 92–103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

S. J. B. Yoo, “Optical packet and burst switching technologies for the future photonic internet,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(12), 4468–4492 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. T. Neilson, “Photonics for switching and routing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 669–678 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

K. Takahata, R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, H. Takenouchi, H. Suzuki, “3.3 ps electrical pulse generation from a discharge-based metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector,” Electron. Lett. 41(1), 38–40 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

1997 (1)

M. Yoneyama, T. Shibata, E. Sano, Y. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Enoki, T. Nagatsuma, M. Yaita, “A differential photoconductive AND gate with Be-doped low-temperature-grown InGaAs-InAlAs MQW MSM-PD's,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(8), 1308–1315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

S. Y. Chou, M. Y. Liu, “Nanoscale tera-hertz metal-semiconductor-metal photodetectors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(10), 2358–2368 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Adamiecki, A.

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. T. Neilson, J.-C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), 1–3.
[CrossRef]

Antona, J.-C.

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. T. Neilson, J.-C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), 1–3.
[CrossRef]

Austin, G.

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. T. Neilson, J.-C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), 1–3.
[CrossRef]

Ayre, R. W. A.

K. Hinton, J. Baliga, M. Z. Feng, R. W. A. Ayre, R. S. Tucker, “Power consumption and energy efficiency in the internet,” IEEE Netw. 25(2), 6–12 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Baliga, J.

K. Hinton, J. Baliga, M. Z. Feng, R. W. A. Ayre, R. S. Tucker, “Power consumption and energy efficiency in the internet,” IEEE Netw. 25(2), 6–12 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bigo, S.

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. T. Neilson, J.-C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), 1–3.
[CrossRef]

Chiaroni, D.

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. T. Neilson, J.-C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), 1–3.
[CrossRef]

Chou, S. Y.

S. Y. Chou, M. Y. Liu, “Nanoscale tera-hertz metal-semiconductor-metal photodetectors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(10), 2358–2368 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Enoki, T.

M. Yoneyama, T. Shibata, E. Sano, Y. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Enoki, T. Nagatsuma, M. Yaita, “A differential photoconductive AND gate with Be-doped low-temperature-grown InGaAs-InAlAs MQW MSM-PD's,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(8), 1308–1315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Etienne, S.

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. T. Neilson, J.-C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), 1–3.
[CrossRef]

Feng, M. Z.

K. Hinton, J. Baliga, M. Z. Feng, R. W. A. Ayre, R. S. Tucker, “Power consumption and energy efficiency in the internet,” IEEE Netw. 25(2), 6–12 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gripp, J.

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. T. Neilson, J.-C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), 1–3.
[CrossRef]

Hinton, K.

K. Hinton, J. Baliga, M. Z. Feng, R. W. A. Ayre, R. S. Tucker, “Power consumption and energy efficiency in the internet,” IEEE Netw. 25(2), 6–12 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kawamura, Y.

M. Yoneyama, T. Shibata, E. Sano, Y. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Enoki, T. Nagatsuma, M. Yaita, “A differential photoconductive AND gate with Be-doped low-temperature-grown InGaAs-InAlAs MQW MSM-PD's,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(8), 1308–1315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kitayama, K.

K. Kitayama, “High-performance optical packet switching network for green data centers,” in Communications and Photonics Conference (ACP) (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, N.

Liu, M. Y.

S. Y. Chou, M. Y. Liu, “Nanoscale tera-hertz metal-semiconductor-metal photodetectors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(10), 2358–2368 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Nagatsuma, T.

M. Yoneyama, T. Shibata, E. Sano, Y. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Enoki, T. Nagatsuma, M. Yaita, “A differential photoconductive AND gate with Be-doped low-temperature-grown InGaAs-InAlAs MQW MSM-PD's,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(8), 1308–1315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nakahara, T.

R. Urata, R. Takahashi, T. Suemitsu, T. Nakahara, H. Suzuki, “An optically clocked transistor array for high-speed asynchronous label swapping: 40 Gb/s and beyond,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(6), 692–703 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Takahata, R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, H. Takenouchi, H. Suzuki, “3.3 ps electrical pulse generation from a discharge-based metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector,” Electron. Lett. 41(1), 38–40 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, K. Takahata, H. Takenouchi, T. Yasui, N. Kondo, H. Suzuki, “Ultrafast optoelectronic packet processing for asynchronous, optical-packet-switched networks [Invited],” J. Opt. Netw. 3(12), 914–930 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. T. Neilson, J.-C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), 1–3.
[CrossRef]

T. Nakahara, R. Takahashi, “A novel optical clock pulse-train generator with self-stabilization by SOA and saturable absorber,” in International Conference on Photonics in Switching (PS) (2012).

Neilson, D. T.

D. T. Neilson, “Photonics for switching and routing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 669–678 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. T. Neilson, J.-C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), 1–3.
[CrossRef]

Pointurier, Y.

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. T. Neilson, J.-C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), 1–3.
[CrossRef]

Radoaca, V.

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. T. Neilson, J.-C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), 1–3.
[CrossRef]

Sano, E.

M. Yoneyama, T. Shibata, E. Sano, Y. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Enoki, T. Nagatsuma, M. Yaita, “A differential photoconductive AND gate with Be-doped low-temperature-grown InGaAs-InAlAs MQW MSM-PD's,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(8), 1308–1315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Segawa, T.

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. T. Neilson, J.-C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), 1–3.
[CrossRef]

Seo, J.-K.

R. Takahashi, T. Yasui, J.-K. Seo, H. Suzuki, “Ultrafast all-optical serial-to-parallel converters based on spin-polarized surface-normal optical switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 92–103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shibata, T.

M. Yoneyama, T. Shibata, E. Sano, Y. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Enoki, T. Nagatsuma, M. Yaita, “A differential photoconductive AND gate with Be-doped low-temperature-grown InGaAs-InAlAs MQW MSM-PD's,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(8), 1308–1315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Simonneau, C.

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. T. Neilson, J.-C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), 1–3.
[CrossRef]

Simsarian, J. E.

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. T. Neilson, J.-C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), 1–3.
[CrossRef]

Suemitsu, T.

Suzaki, Y.

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. T. Neilson, J.-C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), 1–3.
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, H.

R. Urata, R. Takahashi, T. Suemitsu, T. Nakahara, H. Suzuki, “An optically clocked transistor array for high-speed asynchronous label swapping: 40 Gb/s and beyond,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(6), 692–703 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Takahashi, T. Yasui, J.-K. Seo, H. Suzuki, “Ultrafast all-optical serial-to-parallel converters based on spin-polarized surface-normal optical switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 92–103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Takahata, R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, H. Takenouchi, H. Suzuki, “3.3 ps electrical pulse generation from a discharge-based metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector,” Electron. Lett. 41(1), 38–40 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, K. Takahata, H. Takenouchi, T. Yasui, N. Kondo, H. Suzuki, “Ultrafast optoelectronic packet processing for asynchronous, optical-packet-switched networks [Invited],” J. Opt. Netw. 3(12), 914–930 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, R.

R. Urata, R. Takahashi, T. Suemitsu, T. Nakahara, H. Suzuki, “An optically clocked transistor array for high-speed asynchronous label swapping: 40 Gb/s and beyond,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(6), 692–703 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Takahashi, T. Yasui, J.-K. Seo, H. Suzuki, “Ultrafast all-optical serial-to-parallel converters based on spin-polarized surface-normal optical switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 92–103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Takahata, R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, H. Takenouchi, H. Suzuki, “3.3 ps electrical pulse generation from a discharge-based metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector,” Electron. Lett. 41(1), 38–40 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, K. Takahata, H. Takenouchi, T. Yasui, N. Kondo, H. Suzuki, “Ultrafast optoelectronic packet processing for asynchronous, optical-packet-switched networks [Invited],” J. Opt. Netw. 3(12), 914–930 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Yoneyama, T. Shibata, E. Sano, Y. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Enoki, T. Nagatsuma, M. Yaita, “A differential photoconductive AND gate with Be-doped low-temperature-grown InGaAs-InAlAs MQW MSM-PD's,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(8), 1308–1315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Nakahara, R. Takahashi, “A novel optical clock pulse-train generator with self-stabilization by SOA and saturable absorber,” in International Conference on Photonics in Switching (PS) (2012).

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. T. Neilson, J.-C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), 1–3.
[CrossRef]

Takahata, K.

K. Takahata, R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, H. Takenouchi, H. Suzuki, “3.3 ps electrical pulse generation from a discharge-based metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector,” Electron. Lett. 41(1), 38–40 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, K. Takahata, H. Takenouchi, T. Yasui, N. Kondo, H. Suzuki, “Ultrafast optoelectronic packet processing for asynchronous, optical-packet-switched networks [Invited],” J. Opt. Netw. 3(12), 914–930 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Takenouchi, H.

K. Takahata, R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, H. Takenouchi, H. Suzuki, “3.3 ps electrical pulse generation from a discharge-based metal-semiconductor-metal photodetector,” Electron. Lett. 41(1), 38–40 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, K. Takahata, H. Takenouchi, T. Yasui, N. Kondo, H. Suzuki, “Ultrafast optoelectronic packet processing for asynchronous, optical-packet-switched networks [Invited],” J. Opt. Netw. 3(12), 914–930 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Thottan, M.

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. T. Neilson, J.-C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), 1–3.
[CrossRef]

Tucker, R. S.

K. Hinton, J. Baliga, M. Z. Feng, R. W. A. Ayre, R. S. Tucker, “Power consumption and energy efficiency in the internet,” IEEE Netw. 25(2), 6–12 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Urata, R.

R. Urata, R. Takahashi, T. Suemitsu, T. Nakahara, H. Suzuki, “An optically clocked transistor array for high-speed asynchronous label swapping: 40 Gb/s and beyond,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(6), 692–703 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. T. Neilson, J.-C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), 1–3.
[CrossRef]

Yaita, M.

M. Yoneyama, T. Shibata, E. Sano, Y. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Enoki, T. Nagatsuma, M. Yaita, “A differential photoconductive AND gate with Be-doped low-temperature-grown InGaAs-InAlAs MQW MSM-PD's,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(8), 1308–1315 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yasui, T.

R. Takahashi, T. Yasui, J.-K. Seo, H. Suzuki, “Ultrafast all-optical serial-to-parallel converters based on spin-polarized surface-normal optical switches,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(1), 92–103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Takahashi, T. Nakahara, K. Takahata, H. Takenouchi, T. Yasui, N. Kondo, H. Suzuki, “Ultrafast optoelectronic packet processing for asynchronous, optical-packet-switched networks [Invited],” J. Opt. Netw. 3(12), 914–930 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yoneyama, M.

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IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. Yoneyama, T. Shibata, E. Sano, Y. Kawamura, R. Takahashi, T. Enoki, T. Nagatsuma, M. Yaita, “A differential photoconductive AND gate with Be-doped low-temperature-grown InGaAs-InAlAs MQW MSM-PD's,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(8), 1308–1315 (1997).
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T. Nakahara, Y. Suzaki, and R. Takahashi, “Optical clock pulse-train generator for processing 25 Gbit/s × 4 λ burst optical packets,” in OptoElectronics and Communications Conference held jointly with 2013 International Conference on Photonics in Switching (OECC/PS) (2013).

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T. Nakahara, Y. Suzaki, R. Urata, T. Segawa, H. Ishikawa, and R. Takahashi, “Enhanced multi-hop operation using hybrid optoelectronic router with TTL-based selective FEC,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2011), Th.12.A.5.
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D. Chiaroni, R. Urata, J. Gripp, J. E. Simsarian, G. Austin, S. Etienne, T. Segawa, Y. Pointurier, C. Simonneau, Y. Suzaki, T. Nakahara, M. Thottan, A. Adamiecki, D. T. Neilson, J.-C. Antona, S. Bigo, R. Takahashi, V. Radoaca, “Demonstration of the interconnection of two optical packet rings with a hybrid optoelectronic packet router,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (2010), 1–3.
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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic illustration of HOPR structure.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Deploying the new SPC in different ways to enable buffering different packet types.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Schematic illustration for bit-by-bit conversion using HEMT arrays, and (b) the response of a regular stand-alone MSM-PD.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) The discharge-based (DB)-MSMPD trigger circuit, and (b) the response of an MSM-PD included in a discharge-based configuration.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Schematic illustration of the device structure, and (b) photo of the fabricated device.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) The equivalent circuits for the S&H and DoH schemes, respectively, (b) the SPC output for different values of TL voltages, and (c) the SPC output vs. TL voltage for different optical pulse energies.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) The output from a label processor SPC, and (b) the output from current SPC.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

The experimental setup used for full-packet serial-to-parallel conversion.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(a) the electrical 25-Gb/s packet from PPG1, (b) the packet 1:16 converted bits from ChA1 without comparator, (c) a zoom-in for ChA1 output, and (d) all upper 16 channels outputs after comparator.

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