Abstract

We experimentally study the spectral broadening of intense, ∼100 femtosecond laser pulses at 785 nm coupled into different kinds of hollow core capillary fibers, all filled with air at ambient pressure. Differently from observations in other gases, the spectra are broadened with a strong red-shift due to highly efficient intrapulse Raman scattering. Numerical simulations show that such spectra can be explained only by increasing the Raman fraction of the third order nonlinearity close to 100%. Experimentally, these broadened and red-shifted pulses do not generally allow for straightforward compression using, for example, standard chirped mirrors. However, using special hollow fibers that are internally coated with silver and polymer we obtain pulse durations in the sub-20 fs regime with energies up to 300 μJ.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013

J. Cheng, C-S. Liu, S. Shang, D. Liu, W. Perrie, G. Dearden, K. Watkins, “A review of ultrafast laser materials micromachining,” Opt. Laser Technol. 46, 88–102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Lee, S. B. Park, H. Singhal, C. H. Nam, “Ultrafast direct imaging using a single high harmonic burst,” Opt. Lett. 38, 1253–1255 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Butcher, P. N. Anderson, R. T. Chapman, P. Horak, J. G. Frey, W. S. Brocklesby, “Bright extreme-ultraviolet high-order-harmonic radiation from optimized pulse compression in short hollow waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 043822 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

E. Rubino, J. McLenaghan, S. C. Kehr, F. Belgiorno, D. Townsend, S. Rohr, C. E. Kuklewicz, U. Leonhardt, F. König, D. Faccio, “Negative-frequency resonant radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108,253901 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

2010

2009

D. Faccio, A. Grun, P.K. Bates, O. Chalus, J. Biegert, “Optical amplification in the near-infrared in gas-filled hollow-core fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2918–2920 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Z. Bisgaard, O. J. Clarkin, G. Wu, A. M. D. Lee, O. Geβner, C. C. Hayden, A. Stolow, “Time-resolved molecular frame dynamics of fixed-in-space CS2 molecules,” Science 323, 1464–1468 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

2007

A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441, 47–189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004

J. R. Peñano, P. Sprangle, B. Hafizi, A. Ting, D. F. Gordon, C. A. Kapetanakos, “Propagation of ultra-short, intense laser pulses in air,” Phys. Plasmas 11, 2865–2874 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

Y. Matsuura, M. Miyagi, K. Shihoyama, M. Kawachi, “Delivery of femtosecond pulses by flexible hollow fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 887–889 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

G. Khanarian, Hoechst Celanese, “Optical properties of cyclic olefin copolymers,” Opt. Eng. 40, 1024–1029 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997

1990

1986

Agrawal, G.P.

Altucci, C.

Amoruso, S.

Anderson, P. N.

T. J. Butcher, P. N. Anderson, R. T. Chapman, P. Horak, J. G. Frey, W. S. Brocklesby, “Bright extreme-ultraviolet high-order-harmonic radiation from optimized pulse compression in short hollow waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 043822 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Andriukaitis, G.

Aquila, A.

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Attwood, D. T.

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Backus, S.

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuska, A.

Bates, P.K.

Belgiorno, F.

E. Rubino, J. McLenaghan, S. C. Kehr, F. Belgiorno, D. Townsend, S. Rohr, C. E. Kuklewicz, U. Leonhardt, F. König, D. Faccio, “Negative-frequency resonant radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108,253901 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biancalana, F.

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, P. St. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biegert, J.

Bisgaard, C. Z.

C. Z. Bisgaard, O. J. Clarkin, G. Wu, A. M. D. Lee, O. Geβner, C. C. Hayden, A. Stolow, “Time-resolved molecular frame dynamics of fixed-in-space CS2 molecules,” Science 323, 1464–1468 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brocklesby, W. S.

T. J. Butcher, P. N. Anderson, R. T. Chapman, P. Horak, J. G. Frey, W. S. Brocklesby, “Bright extreme-ultraviolet high-order-harmonic radiation from optimized pulse compression in short hollow waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 043822 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Chapman, T. J. Butcher, P. Horak, F. Poletti, J. G. Frey, W. S. Brocklesby, “Modal effects on pump-pulse propagation in an Ar-filled capillary,” Opt. Express 18, 13279–13284 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bruzzese, R.

Butcher, T. J.

T. J. Butcher, P. N. Anderson, R. T. Chapman, P. Horak, J. G. Frey, W. S. Brocklesby, “Bright extreme-ultraviolet high-order-harmonic radiation from optimized pulse compression in short hollow waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 043822 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Chapman, T. J. Butcher, P. Horak, F. Poletti, J. G. Frey, W. S. Brocklesby, “Modal effects on pump-pulse propagation in an Ar-filled capillary,” Opt. Express 18, 13279–13284 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Celanese, Hoechst

G. Khanarian, Hoechst Celanese, “Optical properties of cyclic olefin copolymers,” Opt. Eng. 40, 1024–1029 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chalus, O.

Chang, W.

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, P. St. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chapman, R. T.

T. J. Butcher, P. N. Anderson, R. T. Chapman, P. Horak, J. G. Frey, W. S. Brocklesby, “Bright extreme-ultraviolet high-order-harmonic radiation from optimized pulse compression in short hollow waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 043822 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Chapman, T. J. Butcher, P. Horak, F. Poletti, J. G. Frey, W. S. Brocklesby, “Modal effects on pump-pulse propagation in an Ar-filled capillary,” Opt. Express 18, 13279–13284 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.-H.

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, H. M. Milchberg, “Trapping and destruction of long-range high-intensity optical filaments by molecular quantum wakes in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101,205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, J.

J. Cheng, C-S. Liu, S. Shang, D. Liu, W. Perrie, G. Dearden, K. Watkins, “A review of ultrafast laser materials micromachining,” Opt. Laser Technol. 46, 88–102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Christov, I. P.

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clarkin, O. J.

C. Z. Bisgaard, O. J. Clarkin, G. Wu, A. M. D. Lee, O. Geβner, C. C. Hayden, A. Stolow, “Time-resolved molecular frame dynamics of fixed-in-space CS2 molecules,” Science 323, 1464–1468 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clausnitzer, T.

Couairon, A.

A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441, 47–189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Danielius, R.

De Silvestri, S.

Dearden, G.

J. Cheng, C-S. Liu, S. Shang, D. Liu, W. Perrie, G. Dearden, K. Watkins, “A review of ultrafast laser materials micromachining,” Opt. Laser Technol. 46, 88–102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Faccio, D.

E. Rubino, J. McLenaghan, S. C. Kehr, F. Belgiorno, D. Townsend, S. Rohr, C. E. Kuklewicz, U. Leonhardt, F. König, D. Faccio, “Negative-frequency resonant radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108,253901 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Faccio, A. Grun, P.K. Bates, O. Chalus, J. Biegert, “Optical amplification in the near-infrared in gas-filled hollow-core fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2918–2920 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferencz, K.

Frey, J. G.

T. J. Butcher, P. N. Anderson, R. T. Chapman, P. Horak, J. G. Frey, W. S. Brocklesby, “Bright extreme-ultraviolet high-order-harmonic radiation from optimized pulse compression in short hollow waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 043822 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Chapman, T. J. Butcher, P. Horak, F. Poletti, J. G. Frey, W. S. Brocklesby, “Modal effects on pump-pulse propagation in an Ar-filled capillary,” Opt. Express 18, 13279–13284 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaudiosi, D.

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Geßner, O.

C. Z. Bisgaard, O. J. Clarkin, G. Wu, A. M. D. Lee, O. Geβner, C. C. Hayden, A. Stolow, “Time-resolved molecular frame dynamics of fixed-in-space CS2 molecules,” Science 323, 1464–1468 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gibson, E. A.

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giniunas, L.

Gordon, D. F.

J. R. Peñano, P. Sprangle, B. Hafizi, A. Ting, D. F. Gordon, C. A. Kapetanakos, “Propagation of ultra-short, intense laser pulses in air,” Phys. Plasmas 11, 2865–2874 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Grun, A.

Gullikson, E. M.

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hafizi, B.

J. R. Peñano, P. Sprangle, B. Hafizi, A. Ting, D. F. Gordon, C. A. Kapetanakos, “Propagation of ultra-short, intense laser pulses in air,” Phys. Plasmas 11, 2865–2874 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hayden, C. C.

C. Z. Bisgaard, O. J. Clarkin, G. Wu, A. M. D. Lee, O. Geβner, C. C. Hayden, A. Stolow, “Time-resolved molecular frame dynamics of fixed-in-space CS2 molecules,” Science 323, 1464–1468 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hölzer, P.

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, P. St. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Horak, P.

T. J. Butcher, P. N. Anderson, R. T. Chapman, P. Horak, J. G. Frey, W. S. Brocklesby, “Bright extreme-ultraviolet high-order-harmonic radiation from optimized pulse compression in short hollow waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 043822 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Chapman, T. J. Butcher, P. Horak, F. Poletti, J. G. Frey, W. S. Brocklesby, “Modal effects on pump-pulse propagation in an Ar-filled capillary,” Opt. Express 18, 13279–13284 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Horak, F. Poletti, “Multimode nonlinear fibre optics: theory and applications,” in Recent Progress in Optical Fiber Research, M. Yasin, S. W. Harun, H. Arof, eds. (Intech, 2012), pp. 3–25.

Joly, N. Y.

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, P. St. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapetanakos, C. A.

J. R. Peñano, P. Sprangle, B. Hafizi, A. Ting, D. F. Gordon, C. A. Kapetanakos, “Propagation of ultra-short, intense laser pulses in air,” Phys. Plasmas 11, 2865–2874 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kartashov, D.

Kawachi, M.

Y. Matsuura, M. Miyagi, K. Shihoyama, M. Kawachi, “Delivery of femtosecond pulses by flexible hollow fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 887–889 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kehr, S. C.

E. Rubino, J. McLenaghan, S. C. Kehr, F. Belgiorno, D. Townsend, S. Rohr, C. E. Kuklewicz, U. Leonhardt, F. König, D. Faccio, “Negative-frequency resonant radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108,253901 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khanarian, G.

G. Khanarian, Hoechst Celanese, “Optical properties of cyclic olefin copolymers,” Opt. Eng. 40, 1024–1029 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kley, E.-B.

König, F.

E. Rubino, J. McLenaghan, S. C. Kehr, F. Belgiorno, D. Townsend, S. Rohr, C. E. Kuklewicz, U. Leonhardt, F. König, D. Faccio, “Negative-frequency resonant radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108,253901 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

Krenz, M.

Kuklewicz, C. E.

E. Rubino, J. McLenaghan, S. C. Kehr, F. Belgiorno, D. Townsend, S. Rohr, C. E. Kuklewicz, U. Leonhardt, F. König, D. Faccio, “Negative-frequency resonant radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108,253901 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, A. M. D.

C. Z. Bisgaard, O. J. Clarkin, G. Wu, A. M. D. Lee, O. Geβner, C. C. Hayden, A. Stolow, “Time-resolved molecular frame dynamics of fixed-in-space CS2 molecules,” Science 323, 1464–1468 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, K. H.

Leonhardt, U.

E. Rubino, J. McLenaghan, S. C. Kehr, F. Belgiorno, D. Townsend, S. Rohr, C. E. Kuklewicz, U. Leonhardt, F. König, D. Faccio, “Negative-frequency resonant radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108,253901 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, S.

Limpert, J.

Liu, C-S.

J. Cheng, C-S. Liu, S. Shang, D. Liu, W. Perrie, G. Dearden, K. Watkins, “A review of ultrafast laser materials micromachining,” Opt. Laser Technol. 46, 88–102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Liu, D.

J. Cheng, C-S. Liu, S. Shang, D. Liu, W. Perrie, G. Dearden, K. Watkins, “A review of ultrafast laser materials micromachining,” Opt. Laser Technol. 46, 88–102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lorenc, D.

Matsuura, Y.

Y. Matsuura, M. Miyagi, K. Shihoyama, M. Kawachi, “Delivery of femtosecond pulses by flexible hollow fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 887–889 (2002).
[CrossRef]

McLenaghan, J.

E. Rubino, J. McLenaghan, S. C. Kehr, F. Belgiorno, D. Townsend, S. Rohr, C. E. Kuklewicz, U. Leonhardt, F. König, D. Faccio, “Negative-frequency resonant radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108,253901 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Milchberg, H. M.

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, H. M. Milchberg, “Trapping and destruction of long-range high-intensity optical filaments by molecular quantum wakes in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101,205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mirabal, A.

Mitschke, F. M.

Miyagi, M.

Y. Matsuura, M. Miyagi, K. Shihoyama, M. Kawachi, “Delivery of femtosecond pulses by flexible hollow fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 887–889 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mollenauer, L.F.

Murnane, M. M.

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mysyrowicz, A.

A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441, 47–189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nam, C. H.

Nazarkin, A.

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, P. St. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nisoli, M.

Nold, J.

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, P. St. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, S. B.

Paul, A.

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peñano, J. R.

J. R. Peñano, P. Sprangle, B. Hafizi, A. Ting, D. F. Gordon, C. A. Kapetanakos, “Propagation of ultra-short, intense laser pulses in air,” Phys. Plasmas 11, 2865–2874 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Perrie, W.

J. Cheng, C-S. Liu, S. Shang, D. Liu, W. Perrie, G. Dearden, K. Watkins, “A review of ultrafast laser materials micromachining,” Opt. Laser Technol. 46, 88–102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Poletti, F.

R. T. Chapman, T. J. Butcher, P. Horak, F. Poletti, J. G. Frey, W. S. Brocklesby, “Modal effects on pump-pulse propagation in an Ar-filled capillary,” Opt. Express 18, 13279–13284 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Horak, F. Poletti, “Multimode nonlinear fibre optics: theory and applications,” in Recent Progress in Optical Fiber Research, M. Yasin, S. W. Harun, H. Arof, eds. (Intech, 2012), pp. 3–25.

Pugylys, A.

Rohr, S.

E. Rubino, J. McLenaghan, S. C. Kehr, F. Belgiorno, D. Townsend, S. Rohr, C. E. Kuklewicz, U. Leonhardt, F. König, D. Faccio, “Negative-frequency resonant radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108,253901 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rubino, E.

E. Rubino, J. McLenaghan, S. C. Kehr, F. Belgiorno, D. Townsend, S. Rohr, C. E. Kuklewicz, U. Leonhardt, F. König, D. Faccio, “Negative-frequency resonant radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108,253901 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P. St. J.

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, P. St. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saleh, M. F.

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, P. St. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sartania, S.

Schmidt, B. E.

Shang, S.

J. Cheng, C-S. Liu, S. Shang, D. Liu, W. Perrie, G. Dearden, K. Watkins, “A review of ultrafast laser materials micromachining,” Opt. Laser Technol. 46, 88–102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Shihoyama, K.

Y. Matsuura, M. Miyagi, K. Shihoyama, M. Kawachi, “Delivery of femtosecond pulses by flexible hollow fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 887–889 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Siebert, T.

Singhal, H.

Spielmann, Ch.

Sprangle, P.

J. R. Peñano, P. Sprangle, B. Hafizi, A. Ting, D. F. Gordon, C. A. Kapetanakos, “Propagation of ultra-short, intense laser pulses in air,” Phys. Plasmas 11, 2865–2874 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stolow, A.

C. Z. Bisgaard, O. J. Clarkin, G. Wu, A. M. D. Lee, O. Geβner, C. C. Hayden, A. Stolow, “Time-resolved molecular frame dynamics of fixed-in-space CS2 molecules,” Science 323, 1464–1468 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Svelto, O.

Szipöcs, R.

Ting, A.

J. R. Peñano, P. Sprangle, B. Hafizi, A. Ting, D. F. Gordon, C. A. Kapetanakos, “Propagation of ultra-short, intense laser pulses in air,” Phys. Plasmas 11, 2865–2874 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tobey, R.

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Townsend, D.

E. Rubino, J. McLenaghan, S. C. Kehr, F. Belgiorno, D. Townsend, S. Rohr, C. E. Kuklewicz, U. Leonhardt, F. König, D. Faccio, “Negative-frequency resonant radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108,253901 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Travers, J. C.

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, P. St. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Unrau, W.

Varma, S.

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, H. M. Milchberg, “Trapping and destruction of long-range high-intensity optical filaments by molecular quantum wakes in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101,205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Velotta, R.

Voronin, A.

Wagner, N.

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, X.

Watkins, K.

J. Cheng, C-S. Liu, S. Shang, D. Liu, W. Perrie, G. Dearden, K. Watkins, “A review of ultrafast laser materials micromachining,” Opt. Laser Technol. 46, 88–102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wöste, L.

Wu, G.

C. Z. Bisgaard, O. J. Clarkin, G. Wu, A. M. D. Lee, O. Geβner, C. C. Hayden, A. Stolow, “Time-resolved molecular frame dynamics of fixed-in-space CS2 molecules,” Science 323, 1464–1468 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xia, J.

Zheltikov, A.

J. Appl. Phys.

Y. Matsuura, M. Miyagi, K. Shihoyama, M. Kawachi, “Delivery of femtosecond pulses by flexible hollow fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 91, 887–889 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

G. Khanarian, Hoechst Celanese, “Optical properties of cyclic olefin copolymers,” Opt. Eng. 40, 1024–1029 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Laser Technol.

J. Cheng, C-S. Liu, S. Shang, D. Liu, W. Perrie, G. Dearden, K. Watkins, “A review of ultrafast laser materials micromachining,” Opt. Laser Technol. 46, 88–102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Plasmas

J. R. Peñano, P. Sprangle, B. Hafizi, A. Ting, D. F. Gordon, C. A. Kapetanakos, “Propagation of ultra-short, intense laser pulses in air,” Phys. Plasmas 11, 2865–2874 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rep.

A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441, 47–189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

T. J. Butcher, P. N. Anderson, R. T. Chapman, P. Horak, J. G. Frey, W. S. Brocklesby, “Bright extreme-ultraviolet high-order-harmonic radiation from optimized pulse compression in short hollow waveguides,” Phys. Rev. A 87, 043822 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, H. M. Milchberg, “Trapping and destruction of long-range high-intensity optical filaments by molecular quantum wakes in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101,205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Hölzer, W. Chang, J. C. Travers, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, M. F. Saleh, F. Biancalana, P. St. J. Russell, “Femtosecond nonlinear fiber optics in the ionization regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Rubino, J. McLenaghan, S. C. Kehr, F. Belgiorno, D. Townsend, S. Rohr, C. E. Kuklewicz, U. Leonhardt, F. König, D. Faccio, “Negative-frequency resonant radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108,253901 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

C. Z. Bisgaard, O. J. Clarkin, G. Wu, A. M. D. Lee, O. Geβner, C. C. Hayden, A. Stolow, “Time-resolved molecular frame dynamics of fixed-in-space CS2 molecules,” Science 323, 1464–1468 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I. P. Christov, A. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

P. Horak, F. Poletti, “Multimode nonlinear fibre optics: theory and applications,” in Recent Progress in Optical Fiber Research, M. Yasin, S. W. Harun, H. Arof, eds. (Intech, 2012), pp. 3–25.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimentally measured spectra with different input pulse energies from the 700 μm core fiber with internal silver and polymer coating (fiber E). The transform limited pulse duration of these spectra vs. input pulse energy is 78, 56, 36, 28, 21, 20, 19 fs for 0.02, 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 mJ input energy. All fibers investigated delivered very similar spectra.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Numerically simulated spectra with different input pulse energies from the 700 μm core fiber with internal silver and polymer coating (fiber E) assuming 100% Raman contribution to the nonlinearity.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Pulse duration versus input energy for fiber A. (b) Reconstructed time profiles for fiber A at different input energies. (c) Pulse duration versus input energy for fiber B. (d) Reconstructed time profiles for fiber B at different input energies. (e) Pulse duration at different number of bounces on the chirped mirrors for fiber B. (f) Pulse duration at different number of bounces on the chirped mirrors for fiber C.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Reconstructed time profile for fiber D (recompressed with 6 mirror bounces). (b) Reconstructed time profile for fiber E (recompressed with 8 mirror bounces).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Pulse durations for fiber D with varying number of bounces on two chirped mirrors.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

GVD and TOD of the hollow core fiber with and without polymer coating for the 1st and 3rd order output mode.

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