Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate the performance of a 10 Gb/s subcarrier multiplexed (SCM) wavelength-division multiplexed (WDM) passive optical network (PON) using 2.5 Gbaud 16-QAM transmission signals. Digital signal processing (DSP) and square-root raised cosine (SRRC) pulse shaping enable both the uplink and downlink channels to achieve net spectral efficiencies up to 2.8 bit/s/Hz per channel using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier (RSOA)-based optical network units (ONUs) and economical 10 GHz intensity modulation and direct detection transceivers. We characterize the system’s bit error rate (BER) performance over a 20 km single feeder PON with both remote continuous-wave (CW) seeding and full-duplex transmission scenarios, assuming standard forward error correction (FEC) codes.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2013 (2)

N. Yoshimoto, J. Kani, S.-Y. Kim, N. Iiyama, J. Terada, “DSP-based optical access approaches for enhancing NG-PON2 systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51, 58–64 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Buset, Z. A. El-Sahn, D. V. Plant, “Experimental demonstration of a 10 Gb/s subcarrier multiplexed WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1435–1438 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (4)

2011 (1)

M.-K. Hong, N. C. Tran, Y. Shi, J.-M. Joo, E. Tangdiongga, S.-K. Han, A. M. J. Koonen, “10-Gb/s transmission over 20-km single fiber link using 1-GHz RSOA by discrete multitone with multiple access,” Opt. Express 19, B486–B495 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (5)

J. L. Wei, E. Hugues-Salas, R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, X. Zheng, S. Mansoor, J. M. Tang, “Wavelength reused bidirectional transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in WDM-PONs incorporating SOA and RSOA intensity modulators,” Opt. Express 18, 9791–9808 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, P. Choudhury, L. Giorgi, E. Ciaramella, “Enhancing resilience to Rayleigh crosstalk by means of line coding and electrical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 85–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA using a delay interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1379–1381 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Roberts, D. Beckett, D. Boertjes, J. Berthold, C. Laperle, “100G and beyond with digital coherent signal processing,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 62–69 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Lavery, M. Ionescu, S. Makovejs, E. Torrengo, S. J. Savory, “A long-reach ultra-dense 10 Gbit/s WDMPON using a digital coherent receiver,” Opt. Express 18, 25855–25860 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

C. Arellano, K. Langer, J. Prat, “Reflections and multiple Rayleigh backscattering in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 12–18 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1533–1535 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Papagiannakis, M. Omella, D. Klonidis, A. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, J. Prat, “Investigation of 10-Gb/s RSOA-based upstream transmission in WDM-PONs utilizing optical filtering and electronic equalization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2168–2170 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

Y. Wang, E. Serpedin, P. Ciblat, “An alternative blind feedforward symbol timing estimator using two samples per symbol,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 51, 1451–1455 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Agata, A.

K. Y. Cho, U. H. Hong, S. P. Jung, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, T. Sano, Y. Horiuchi, M. Suzuki, Y. C. Chung, “Long-reach 10-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON employing QPSK signal and coherent receiver,” Opt. Express 20, 15353–15358 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Y. Cho, A. Murakami, Y. Lee, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, “Demonstration of RSOA-based WDM PON operating at symmetric rate of 1.25 Gb/s with high reflection tolerance,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OSA/IEEE, 2008), paper OTuH4.

Al-Qazwini, Z.

Arellano, C.

C. Arellano, K. Langer, J. Prat, “Reflections and multiple Rayleigh backscattering in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 12–18 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Beckett, D.

K. Roberts, D. Beckett, D. Boertjes, J. Berthold, C. Laperle, “100G and beyond with digital coherent signal processing,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 62–69 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Berthold, J.

K. Roberts, D. Beckett, D. Boertjes, J. Berthold, C. Laperle, “100G and beyond with digital coherent signal processing,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 62–69 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Birbas, A.

I. Papagiannakis, M. Omella, D. Klonidis, A. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, J. Prat, “Investigation of 10-Gb/s RSOA-based upstream transmission in WDM-PONs utilizing optical filtering and electronic equalization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2168–2170 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Boertjes, D.

K. Roberts, D. Beckett, D. Boertjes, J. Berthold, C. Laperle, “100G and beyond with digital coherent signal processing,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 62–69 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bottoni, F.

Brenot, R.

T. Duong, N. Genay, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Pizzinat, R. Brenot, “Experimental demonstration of 10 Gbit/s upstream transmission by remote modulation of 1 GHz RSOA using adaptively modulated optical OFDM for WDM-PON single fiber architecture,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–2, paper Th.3.F.1.

Breuer, D.

D. Breuer, C. Lange, E. Weis, M. Eiselt, M. Roppelt, K. Grobe, J.-P. Elbers, S. Dahlfort, F. Cavaliere, D. Hood, “Requirements and solutions for next-generation access,” in Proceedings of ITG Symposium on Photonic Networks (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–8, paper 12.

Buset, J. M.

J. M. Buset, Z. A. El-Sahn, D. V. Plant, “Experimental demonstration of a 10 Gb/s subcarrier multiplexed WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1435–1438 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Buset, Z. A. El-Sahn, D. V. Plant, “Demonstration of a symmetric 10 Gb/s QPSK subcarrier multiplexed WDM PON with IM/DD transceivers and a bandwidth-limited RSOA,” in Proceedings of National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OSA/IEEE, 2013), paper NTh4F.1.

J. M. Buset, Z. A. El-Sahn, D. V. Plant, “Experimental demonstration of a 10 Gb/s 16-QAM SCM WDM PON with bandwidth-limited RSOA and IM/DD transceivers,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–3, paper Tu.3.F.5.

Cavaliere, F.

D. Breuer, C. Lange, E. Weis, M. Eiselt, M. Roppelt, K. Grobe, J.-P. Elbers, S. Dahlfort, F. Cavaliere, D. Hood, “Requirements and solutions for next-generation access,” in Proceedings of ITG Symposium on Photonic Networks (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–8, paper 12.

Chanclou, P.

T. Duong, N. Genay, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Pizzinat, R. Brenot, “Experimental demonstration of 10 Gbit/s upstream transmission by remote modulation of 1 GHz RSOA using adaptively modulated optical OFDM for WDM-PON single fiber architecture,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–2, paper Th.3.F.1.

Charbonnier, B.

T. Duong, N. Genay, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Pizzinat, R. Brenot, “Experimental demonstration of 10 Gbit/s upstream transmission by remote modulation of 1 GHz RSOA using adaptively modulated optical OFDM for WDM-PON single fiber architecture,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–2, paper Th.3.F.1.

Chiuchiarelli, A.

M. Presi, A. Chiuchiarelli, R. Corsini, P. Choudury, F. Bottoni, L. Giorgi, E. Ciaramella, “Enhanced 10 Gb/s operations of directly modulated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers without electronic equalization,” Opt. Express 20, B507–B512 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, P. Choudhury, L. Giorgi, E. Ciaramella, “Enhancing resilience to Rayleigh crosstalk by means of line coding and electrical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 85–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cho, K. Y.

K. Y. Cho, U. H. Hong, S. P. Jung, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, T. Sano, Y. Horiuchi, M. Suzuki, Y. C. Chung, “Long-reach 10-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON employing QPSK signal and coherent receiver,” Opt. Express 20, 15353–15358 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1533–1535 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, A. Murakami, Y. Lee, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, “Demonstration of RSOA-based WDM PON operating at symmetric rate of 1.25 Gb/s with high reflection tolerance,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OSA/IEEE, 2008), paper OTuH4.

Choudhury, P.

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, P. Choudhury, L. Giorgi, E. Ciaramella, “Enhancing resilience to Rayleigh crosstalk by means of line coding and electrical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 85–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Choudury, P.

Chung, Y. C.

K. Y. Cho, U. H. Hong, S. P. Jung, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, T. Sano, Y. Horiuchi, M. Suzuki, Y. C. Chung, “Long-reach 10-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON employing QPSK signal and coherent receiver,” Opt. Express 20, 15353–15358 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1533–1535 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, A. Murakami, Y. Lee, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, “Demonstration of RSOA-based WDM PON operating at symmetric rate of 1.25 Gb/s with high reflection tolerance,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OSA/IEEE, 2008), paper OTuH4.

Ciaramella, E.

M. Presi, A. Chiuchiarelli, R. Corsini, P. Choudury, F. Bottoni, L. Giorgi, E. Ciaramella, “Enhanced 10 Gb/s operations of directly modulated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers without electronic equalization,” Opt. Express 20, B507–B512 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, P. Choudhury, L. Giorgi, E. Ciaramella, “Enhancing resilience to Rayleigh crosstalk by means of line coding and electrical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 85–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ciblat, P.

Y. Wang, E. Serpedin, P. Ciblat, “An alternative blind feedforward symbol timing estimator using two samples per symbol,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 51, 1451–1455 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Contestabile, G.

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, P. Choudhury, L. Giorgi, E. Ciaramella, “Enhancing resilience to Rayleigh crosstalk by means of line coding and electrical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 85–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Corsini, R.

Cvijetic, N.

N. Cvijetic, “OFDM for next-generation optical access networks,” J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 384–398 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dahlfort, S.

D. Breuer, C. Lange, E. Weis, M. Eiselt, M. Roppelt, K. Grobe, J.-P. Elbers, S. Dahlfort, F. Cavaliere, D. Hood, “Requirements and solutions for next-generation access,” in Proceedings of ITG Symposium on Photonic Networks (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–8, paper 12.

Duong, T.

T. Duong, N. Genay, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Pizzinat, R. Brenot, “Experimental demonstration of 10 Gbit/s upstream transmission by remote modulation of 1 GHz RSOA using adaptively modulated optical OFDM for WDM-PON single fiber architecture,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–2, paper Th.3.F.1.

Eiselt, M.

D. Breuer, C. Lange, E. Weis, M. Eiselt, M. Roppelt, K. Grobe, J.-P. Elbers, S. Dahlfort, F. Cavaliere, D. Hood, “Requirements and solutions for next-generation access,” in Proceedings of ITG Symposium on Photonic Networks (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–8, paper 12.

Elbers, J.-P.

D. Breuer, C. Lange, E. Weis, M. Eiselt, M. Roppelt, K. Grobe, J.-P. Elbers, S. Dahlfort, F. Cavaliere, D. Hood, “Requirements and solutions for next-generation access,” in Proceedings of ITG Symposium on Photonic Networks (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–8, paper 12.

El-Sahn, Z. A.

J. M. Buset, Z. A. El-Sahn, D. V. Plant, “Experimental demonstration of a 10 Gb/s subcarrier multiplexed WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1435–1438 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Buset, Z. A. El-Sahn, D. V. Plant, “Demonstration of a symmetric 10 Gb/s QPSK subcarrier multiplexed WDM PON with IM/DD transceivers and a bandwidth-limited RSOA,” in Proceedings of National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OSA/IEEE, 2013), paper NTh4F.1.

J. M. Buset, Z. A. El-Sahn, D. V. Plant, “Experimental demonstration of a 10 Gb/s 16-QAM SCM WDM PON with bandwidth-limited RSOA and IM/DD transceivers,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–3, paper Tu.3.F.5.

Genay, N.

T. Duong, N. Genay, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Pizzinat, R. Brenot, “Experimental demonstration of 10 Gbit/s upstream transmission by remote modulation of 1 GHz RSOA using adaptively modulated optical OFDM for WDM-PON single fiber architecture,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–2, paper Th.3.F.1.

Giddings, R. P.

Giorgi, L.

M. Presi, A. Chiuchiarelli, R. Corsini, P. Choudury, F. Bottoni, L. Giorgi, E. Ciaramella, “Enhanced 10 Gb/s operations of directly modulated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers without electronic equalization,” Opt. Express 20, B507–B512 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, P. Choudhury, L. Giorgi, E. Ciaramella, “Enhancing resilience to Rayleigh crosstalk by means of line coding and electrical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 85–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Grobe, K.

D. Breuer, C. Lange, E. Weis, M. Eiselt, M. Roppelt, K. Grobe, J.-P. Elbers, S. Dahlfort, F. Cavaliere, D. Hood, “Requirements and solutions for next-generation access,” in Proceedings of ITG Symposium on Photonic Networks (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–8, paper 12.

Han, S.-K.

M.-K. Hong, N. C. Tran, Y. Shi, J.-M. Joo, E. Tangdiongga, S.-K. Han, A. M. J. Koonen, “10-Gb/s transmission over 20-km single fiber link using 1-GHz RSOA by discrete multitone with multiple access,” Opt. Express 19, B486–B495 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hong, M.-K.

M.-K. Hong, N. C. Tran, Y. Shi, J.-M. Joo, E. Tangdiongga, S.-K. Han, A. M. J. Koonen, “10-Gb/s transmission over 20-km single fiber link using 1-GHz RSOA by discrete multitone with multiple access,” Opt. Express 19, B486–B495 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hong, U. H.

Hood, D.

D. Breuer, C. Lange, E. Weis, M. Eiselt, M. Roppelt, K. Grobe, J.-P. Elbers, S. Dahlfort, F. Cavaliere, D. Hood, “Requirements and solutions for next-generation access,” in Proceedings of ITG Symposium on Photonic Networks (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–8, paper 12.

Horiuchi, Y.

Hugues-Salas, E.

Iiyama, N.

N. Yoshimoto, J. Kani, S.-Y. Kim, N. Iiyama, J. Terada, “DSP-based optical access approaches for enhancing NG-PON2 systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51, 58–64 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ionescu, M.

Jin, X. Q.

Joo, J.-M.

M.-K. Hong, N. C. Tran, Y. Shi, J.-M. Joo, E. Tangdiongga, S.-K. Han, A. M. J. Koonen, “10-Gb/s transmission over 20-km single fiber link using 1-GHz RSOA by discrete multitone with multiple access,” Opt. Express 19, B486–B495 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jung, S. P.

Kani, J.

N. Yoshimoto, J. Kani, S.-Y. Kim, N. Iiyama, J. Terada, “DSP-based optical access approaches for enhancing NG-PON2 systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51, 58–64 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kikidis, J.

I. Papagiannakis, M. Omella, D. Klonidis, A. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, J. Prat, “Investigation of 10-Gb/s RSOA-based upstream transmission in WDM-PONs utilizing optical filtering and electronic equalization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2168–2170 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.

Kim, S.-Y.

N. Yoshimoto, J. Kani, S.-Y. Kim, N. Iiyama, J. Terada, “DSP-based optical access approaches for enhancing NG-PON2 systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51, 58–64 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Klonidis, D.

I. Papagiannakis, M. Omella, D. Klonidis, A. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, J. Prat, “Investigation of 10-Gb/s RSOA-based upstream transmission in WDM-PONs utilizing optical filtering and electronic equalization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2168–2170 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Koonen, A. M. J.

M.-K. Hong, N. C. Tran, Y. Shi, J.-M. Joo, E. Tangdiongga, S.-K. Han, A. M. J. Koonen, “10-Gb/s transmission over 20-km single fiber link using 1-GHz RSOA by discrete multitone with multiple access,” Opt. Express 19, B486–B495 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lange, C.

D. Breuer, C. Lange, E. Weis, M. Eiselt, M. Roppelt, K. Grobe, J.-P. Elbers, S. Dahlfort, F. Cavaliere, D. Hood, “Requirements and solutions for next-generation access,” in Proceedings of ITG Symposium on Photonic Networks (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–8, paper 12.

Langer, K.

C. Arellano, K. Langer, J. Prat, “Reflections and multiple Rayleigh backscattering in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 12–18 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Laperle, C.

K. Roberts, D. Beckett, D. Boertjes, J. Berthold, C. Laperle, “100G and beyond with digital coherent signal processing,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 62–69 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lavery, D.

Lee, Y.

K. Y. Cho, A. Murakami, Y. Lee, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, “Demonstration of RSOA-based WDM PON operating at symmetric rate of 1.25 Gb/s with high reflection tolerance,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OSA/IEEE, 2008), paper OTuH4.

Makovejs, S.

Mansoor, S.

Murakami, A.

K. Y. Cho, A. Murakami, Y. Lee, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, “Demonstration of RSOA-based WDM PON operating at symmetric rate of 1.25 Gb/s with high reflection tolerance,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OSA/IEEE, 2008), paper OTuH4.

Omella, M.

I. Papagiannakis, M. Omella, D. Klonidis, A. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, J. Prat, “Investigation of 10-Gb/s RSOA-based upstream transmission in WDM-PONs utilizing optical filtering and electronic equalization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2168–2170 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Papagiannakis, I.

I. Papagiannakis, M. Omella, D. Klonidis, A. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, J. Prat, “Investigation of 10-Gb/s RSOA-based upstream transmission in WDM-PONs utilizing optical filtering and electronic equalization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2168–2170 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pizzinat, A.

T. Duong, N. Genay, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Pizzinat, R. Brenot, “Experimental demonstration of 10 Gbit/s upstream transmission by remote modulation of 1 GHz RSOA using adaptively modulated optical OFDM for WDM-PON single fiber architecture,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–2, paper Th.3.F.1.

Plant, D. V.

J. M. Buset, Z. A. El-Sahn, D. V. Plant, “Experimental demonstration of a 10 Gb/s subcarrier multiplexed WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1435–1438 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Buset, Z. A. El-Sahn, D. V. Plant, “Demonstration of a symmetric 10 Gb/s QPSK subcarrier multiplexed WDM PON with IM/DD transceivers and a bandwidth-limited RSOA,” in Proceedings of National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OSA/IEEE, 2013), paper NTh4F.1.

J. M. Buset, Z. A. El-Sahn, D. V. Plant, “Experimental demonstration of a 10 Gb/s 16-QAM SCM WDM PON with bandwidth-limited RSOA and IM/DD transceivers,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–3, paper Tu.3.F.5.

Prat, J.

C. Arellano, K. Langer, J. Prat, “Reflections and multiple Rayleigh backscattering in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 12–18 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Papagiannakis, M. Omella, D. Klonidis, A. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, J. Prat, “Investigation of 10-Gb/s RSOA-based upstream transmission in WDM-PONs utilizing optical filtering and electronic equalization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2168–2170 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Prat, “Rayleigh back-scattering reduction by means of quantized feedback equalization in WDM-PONs,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2010), pp. 1–3, paper Th.10.B.3.
[CrossRef]

Presi, M.

M. Presi, A. Chiuchiarelli, R. Corsini, P. Choudury, F. Bottoni, L. Giorgi, E. Ciaramella, “Enhanced 10 Gb/s operations of directly modulated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers without electronic equalization,” Opt. Express 20, B507–B512 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, P. Choudhury, L. Giorgi, E. Ciaramella, “Enhancing resilience to Rayleigh crosstalk by means of line coding and electrical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 85–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Proakis, J. G.

J. G. Proakis, M. Salehi, Digital Communications, 5 (McGraw Hill, 2007).

Proietti, R.

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, P. Choudhury, L. Giorgi, E. Ciaramella, “Enhancing resilience to Rayleigh crosstalk by means of line coding and electrical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 85–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, K.

K. Roberts, D. Beckett, D. Boertjes, J. Berthold, C. Laperle, “100G and beyond with digital coherent signal processing,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 62–69 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Roppelt, M.

D. Breuer, C. Lange, E. Weis, M. Eiselt, M. Roppelt, K. Grobe, J.-P. Elbers, S. Dahlfort, F. Cavaliere, D. Hood, “Requirements and solutions for next-generation access,” in Proceedings of ITG Symposium on Photonic Networks (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–8, paper 12.

Salehi, M.

J. G. Proakis, M. Salehi, Digital Communications, 5 (McGraw Hill, 2007).

Sano, T.

Savory, S. J.

Serpedin, E.

Y. Wang, E. Serpedin, P. Ciblat, “An alternative blind feedforward symbol timing estimator using two samples per symbol,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 51, 1451–1455 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shi, Y.

M.-K. Hong, N. C. Tran, Y. Shi, J.-M. Joo, E. Tangdiongga, S.-K. Han, A. M. J. Koonen, “10-Gb/s transmission over 20-km single fiber link using 1-GHz RSOA by discrete multitone with multiple access,” Opt. Express 19, B486–B495 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, M.

Takushima, Y.

K. Y. Cho, U. H. Hong, S. P. Jung, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, T. Sano, Y. Horiuchi, M. Suzuki, Y. C. Chung, “Long-reach 10-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON employing QPSK signal and coherent receiver,” Opt. Express 20, 15353–15358 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1533–1535 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, A. Murakami, Y. Lee, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, “Demonstration of RSOA-based WDM PON operating at symmetric rate of 1.25 Gb/s with high reflection tolerance,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OSA/IEEE, 2008), paper OTuH4.

Tang, J. M.

Tangdiongga, E.

M.-K. Hong, N. C. Tran, Y. Shi, J.-M. Joo, E. Tangdiongga, S.-K. Han, A. M. J. Koonen, “10-Gb/s transmission over 20-km single fiber link using 1-GHz RSOA by discrete multitone with multiple access,” Opt. Express 19, B486–B495 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Terada, J.

N. Yoshimoto, J. Kani, S.-Y. Kim, N. Iiyama, J. Terada, “DSP-based optical access approaches for enhancing NG-PON2 systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51, 58–64 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Tomkos, I.

I. Papagiannakis, M. Omella, D. Klonidis, A. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, J. Prat, “Investigation of 10-Gb/s RSOA-based upstream transmission in WDM-PONs utilizing optical filtering and electronic equalization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2168–2170 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Torrengo, E.

Tran, N. C.

M.-K. Hong, N. C. Tran, Y. Shi, J.-M. Joo, E. Tangdiongga, S.-K. Han, A. M. J. Koonen, “10-Gb/s transmission over 20-km single fiber link using 1-GHz RSOA by discrete multitone with multiple access,” Opt. Express 19, B486–B495 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, E. Serpedin, P. Ciblat, “An alternative blind feedforward symbol timing estimator using two samples per symbol,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 51, 1451–1455 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wei, J. L.

Weis, E.

D. Breuer, C. Lange, E. Weis, M. Eiselt, M. Roppelt, K. Grobe, J.-P. Elbers, S. Dahlfort, F. Cavaliere, D. Hood, “Requirements and solutions for next-generation access,” in Proceedings of ITG Symposium on Photonic Networks (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–8, paper 12.

Yoshimoto, N.

N. Yoshimoto, J. Kani, S.-Y. Kim, N. Iiyama, J. Terada, “DSP-based optical access approaches for enhancing NG-PON2 systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51, 58–64 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, X.

IEEE Commun. Mag. (2)

K. Roberts, D. Beckett, D. Boertjes, J. Berthold, C. Laperle, “100G and beyond with digital coherent signal processing,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 62–69 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Yoshimoto, J. Kani, S.-Y. Kim, N. Iiyama, J. Terada, “DSP-based optical access approaches for enhancing NG-PON2 systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 51, 58–64 (2013).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Chiuchiarelli, M. Presi, R. Proietti, G. Contestabile, P. Choudhury, L. Giorgi, E. Ciaramella, “Enhancing resilience to Rayleigh crosstalk by means of line coding and electrical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 85–87 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1533–1535 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Papagiannakis, M. Omella, D. Klonidis, A. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, J. Prat, “Investigation of 10-Gb/s RSOA-based upstream transmission in WDM-PONs utilizing optical filtering and electronic equalization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2168–2170 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA using a delay interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1379–1381 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Buset, Z. A. El-Sahn, D. V. Plant, “Experimental demonstration of a 10 Gb/s subcarrier multiplexed WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1435–1438 (2013).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

Y. Wang, E. Serpedin, P. Ciblat, “An alternative blind feedforward symbol timing estimator using two samples per symbol,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 51, 1451–1455 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

N. Cvijetic, “OFDM for next-generation optical access networks,” J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 384–398 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

C. Arellano, K. Langer, J. Prat, “Reflections and multiple Rayleigh backscattering in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 12–18 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (1)

M.-K. Hong, N. C. Tran, Y. Shi, J.-M. Joo, E. Tangdiongga, S.-K. Han, A. M. J. Koonen, “10-Gb/s transmission over 20-km single fiber link using 1-GHz RSOA by discrete multitone with multiple access,” Opt. Express 19, B486–B495 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Other (8)

J. G. Proakis, M. Salehi, Digital Communications, 5 (McGraw Hill, 2007).

J. Prat, “Rayleigh back-scattering reduction by means of quantized feedback equalization in WDM-PONs,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2010), pp. 1–3, paper Th.10.B.3.
[CrossRef]

“Cisco Visual Networking Index: Forecast and Methodology, 2012–2017,” Tech. Rep., Cisco, Inc.(2013).

D. Breuer, C. Lange, E. Weis, M. Eiselt, M. Roppelt, K. Grobe, J.-P. Elbers, S. Dahlfort, F. Cavaliere, D. Hood, “Requirements and solutions for next-generation access,” in Proceedings of ITG Symposium on Photonic Networks (IEEE, 2011), pp. 1–8, paper 12.

K. Y. Cho, A. Murakami, Y. Lee, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, “Demonstration of RSOA-based WDM PON operating at symmetric rate of 1.25 Gb/s with high reflection tolerance,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OSA/IEEE, 2008), paper OTuH4.

J. M. Buset, Z. A. El-Sahn, D. V. Plant, “Experimental demonstration of a 10 Gb/s 16-QAM SCM WDM PON with bandwidth-limited RSOA and IM/DD transceivers,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2013), pp. 1–3, paper Tu.3.F.5.

J. M. Buset, Z. A. El-Sahn, D. V. Plant, “Demonstration of a symmetric 10 Gb/s QPSK subcarrier multiplexed WDM PON with IM/DD transceivers and a bandwidth-limited RSOA,” in Proceedings of National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OSA/IEEE, 2013), paper NTh4F.1.

T. Duong, N. Genay, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Pizzinat, R. Brenot, “Experimental demonstration of 10 Gbit/s upstream transmission by remote modulation of 1 GHz RSOA using adaptively modulated optical OFDM for WDM-PON single fiber architecture,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2008), pp. 1–2, paper Th.3.F.1.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Physical architecture of the SCM WDM PON. The optimized 70/30 ONU coupler balances the power budgets. AMP: RF amplifier, EML: electro-absorption modulated laser (CyOptics E4560), OBPF: 0.3nm optical band-pass filter (JDSU VCF050), p-i-n: 10 GHz photoreceiver (DSC-R402), RN: remote node, RSOA: reflective semiconductor optical amplifier (CIP SOA-RL-OEC-1550), T: RF bias-tee.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Block diagrams of the (a) transmitter and (b) receiver DSP stacks used for offline processing of the downlink and uplink signals. Note that DFE post-compensation is optionally performed at the OLT receiver, but is not used at the ONU to reduce complexity.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Downlink channel BER after transmission over a 20 km PON. The received power is also presented for completeness (top x-axis). A normalized electrical power spectrum and example constellation at POLT_Tx = 5dBm are inset. We note the presence of uplink channel noise from simultaneous upstream transmission. (b) Eye diagrams of the in phase 16-QAM signal component for different αDL.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Uplink BER performance of the upstream after transmission over a 20 km PON with (a) CW seeding, and (b) full-duplex transmission. Normalized electrical power spectra are inset, as well as an equalized constellation for αUL = 0.25.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) BER vs. Eb/N0 for the downlink and uplink channels. (b) Comparison of the 16-QAM SCM WDM PON performance with different SRRC roll off factors to Shannon’s channel capacity limit. We also include the best theoretical 16-QAM RS(255,223) FEC coded signal to achieve the BER threshold [23]. Note that the added overhead for the RS(255,223) FEC has been taken into account for both the spectral efficiency and Eb/N0.

Equations (1)

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E b N 0 = E s N 0 1 log 2 ( M ) n k ,

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