Abstract

It is demonstrated that photoluminescence of DCJTB can be enhanced by surface plasmons occurred in silver nanoparticle arrays on glass substrates fabricated by using nanosphere lithography (NSL) combined with reactive ion etching (RIE). By changing the size of the seed polystyrene nanosphere with fixed thickness of SiO2 film as a buffer layer between silver nanoparticles and fluorescent dye, we systematically studied the interaction between surface plasmons in Ag nanostructures and fluorescent dye by measuring the photoluminescence and time-resolved photoluminescence (TRPL) of the samples. As compared with pure DCJTB, it is observed that PL enhancement as high as 9.4 times and life time shortening from 0.966 ns shortened to 0.63 ns can be achieved with polystyrene nanosphere 430nm in diameter. The physical origin due to plasmonic excitation has been clarified from 3D finite element simulations, as well as the assistance of UV-visible reflectance spectrum.

© 2013 OSA

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2013 (1)

X. Wen, Z. Xi, X. Jiao, W. Yu, G. Xue, D. Zhang, Y. Lu, P. Wang, S. Blair, H. Ming, “Plasmonic Coupling Effect in Ag Nanocap–Nanohole Pairs for Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering,” Plasmonics (2013).

2012 (6)

F. Liu, J. M. Nunzi, “Enhanced organic light emitting diode and solar cell performances using silver nano-clusters,” Org. Electron. 13(9), 1623–1632 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Choudhury, R. Badugu, K. Ray, J. R. Lakowicz, “Silver-Gold Nanocomposite Substrates for Metal-Enhanced Fluorescence: Ensemble and Single-Molecule Spectroscopic Studies,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 116(8), 5042–5048 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Akbay, J. R. Lakowicz, K. Ray, “Distance-Dependent Metal-Enhanced Intrinsic Fluorescence of Proteins Using Polyelectrolyte Layer-by-Layer Assembly and Aluminum Nanoparticles,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 116(19), 10766–10773 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. C. Lin, T. R. Tsai, H. L. Huang, C. Y. Shiau, H. P. Chiang, “SERS Study of Histamine by using Silver Film over Nanosphere Structure,” Plasmonics 7(4), 709–716 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Wang, X. Zhao, B. Li, “Plasmon-enhanced yellow light emission in hybrid nanostructures formed by fluorescent molecules and polymer,” Nano Energy 1(1), 152–158 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Guo, W. Zhu, H. Tian, “Dicyanomethylene-4H-pyran chromophores for OLED emitters, logic gates and optical chemosensors,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 48(49), 6073–6084 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (10)

W. C. Lin, L. S. Liao, Y. H. Chen, H. C. Chang, D. P. Tsai, H. P. Chiang, “Size dependence of Nanoparticle-SERS Enhancement from Silver Film over Nanosphere (AgFON) Substrate,” Plasmonics 6(2), 201–206 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Lu, C. C. Lan, Y. L. Lai, Y. L. Li, C. P. Liu, “Enhancement of Green Emission from InGaN/GaN Multiple Quantum Wells via Coupling to Surface Plasmons in a Two-Dimensional Silver Array,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(24), 4719–4723 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Xu, Y. Cao, J. Zhou, X. Wang, X. Wang, W. Xu, “Plasmonic enhancement of fluorescence on silver nanoparticle films,” Nanotechnology 22(27), 275715 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yi, D. Zhang, X. Wen, Q. Fu, P. Wang, Y. Lu, H. Ming, “Fluorescence Enhancement Caused by Plasmonics Coupling Between Silver Nano-Cubes and Silver Film,” Plasmonics 6(2), 213–217 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chu, D. Wang, W. Zhu, K. B. Crozier, “Double resonance surface enhanced Raman scattering substrates: an intuitive coupled oscillator model,” Opt. Express 19(16), 14919–14928 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Xu, P. Kvasnička, M. Idso, R. W. Jordan, H. Gong, J. Homola, Q. Yu, “Understanding the effects of dielectric medium, substrate, and depth on electric fields and SERS of quasi-3D plasmonic nanostructures,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20493–20505 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fu, J. Zhang, J. R. Lakowicz, “Metallic-Nanostructure-Enhanced Fluorescence of Single Flavin Cofactor and Single Flavoenzyme Molecules,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 115(15), 7202–7208 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Y. Lang, P. F. Guan, T. Fujita, M. W. Chen, “Tailored nanoporous gold for ultrahigh fluorescence enhancement,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13(9), 3795–3799 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Z. Su, M. W. Hung, K. C. Huang, “An evanescent wave fiber optic biosensor based on Metal-Enhanced Fluorescence (MEF),” Physics Procedia 19, 379–384 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. C. Peng, W. C. Lin, C. W. Chen, D. P. Tsai, H. P. Chiang, “Enhanced sensitivity of surface plasmon resonance phase-interrogation biosensor by using silver nanoparticles,” Plasmonics 6(1), 29–34 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (5)

W. C. Lin, S. H. Huang, C. L. Chen, C. C. Chen, D. P. Tsai, H. P. Chiang, “Controlling SERS intensity by tuning the size and height of silver nanoparticle array,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 101(1), 185–189 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Som, B. Karmakar, “Surface plasmon resonance and enhanced fluorescence application of single-step synthesized elliptical nano gold-embedded antimony glass dichroic nanocomposites,” Plasmonics 5(2), 149–159 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Szmacinski, R. Badugu, J. R. Lakowicz, “Fabrication and Characterization of Planar Plasmonic Substrates with High Fluorescence Enhancement,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 114(49), 21142–21149 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, A. Dragan, C. D. Geddes, “Metal-enhanced fluorescence from tin nanostructured surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(2), 024302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Zheng, W. C. H. Choy, “Red organic light emitting devices with reduced efficiency roll-off behavior by using hybrid fluorescent/phosphorescent emission structure,” Thin Solid Films 519(2), 872–875 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

J. M. Montgomery, A. Imre, U. Welp, V. Vlasko-Vlasov, S. K. Gray, “SERS enhancements via periodic arrays of gold nanoparticles on silver film structures,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8669–8675 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Sørensen, B. W. Laursen, R. Luchowski, T. Shtoyko, I. Akopova, Z. Gryczynski, I. Gryczynski, “Enhanced fluorescence emission of Me-ADOTA+ by self-assembled silver nanoparticles on a gold film,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 476(1-3), 46–50 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

Y. J. Lu, C. H. Chang, C. L. Lin, C. C. Wu, H. L. Hsu, L. J. Chen, Y. T. Lin, R. Nishikawa, “Achieving three-peak white organic light-emitting devices using wavelength selective mirror electrodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(12), 123303 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

G. Y. Zhong, D. E. Kim, O. K. Kwon, Y. K. Jang, Y. S. Kwon, “The carrier-trapping effect of dye doped in Alq,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(5), 054507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, Y. Fu, M. H. Chowdhury, J. R. Lakowicz, “Metal-enhanced single-molecule fluorescence on silver particle monomer and dimer: coupling effect between metal particles,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2101–2107 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

H. P. Chiang, J. L. Lin, Z. W. Chen, “High sensitivity surface plasmon resonance sensor based on phase interrogation at optimal incident wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Anger, P. Bharadwaj, L. Novotny, “Enhancement and Quenching of Single-Molecule Fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(11), 113002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

K. Aslan, Z. Leonenko, J. R. Lakowicz, C. D. Geddes, “Annealed silver-island films for applications in metal-enhanced fluorescence: interpretation in terms of radiating plasmons,” J. Fluoresc. 15(5), 643–654 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

L. A. Dick, A. D. McFarland, C. L. Haynes, R. P. Van Duyne, “Metal film over nanosphere (MFON) electrodes for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS): improvements in surface nanostructure stability and suppression of irreversible loss,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(4), 853–860 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

R. Ruppin, “Decay of an excited molecule near a small metal sphere,” J. Chem. Phys. 76(4), 1681–1684 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

J. D. Pockrand, J. D. Swalen, J. G. Gordon, M. R. Philpott, “Surface plasmon spectroscopy of organic monolayer assemblies,” Surf. Sci. 74(1), 237–244 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Akbay, N.

N. Akbay, J. R. Lakowicz, K. Ray, “Distance-Dependent Metal-Enhanced Intrinsic Fluorescence of Proteins Using Polyelectrolyte Layer-by-Layer Assembly and Aluminum Nanoparticles,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 116(19), 10766–10773 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akopova, I.

T. J. Sørensen, B. W. Laursen, R. Luchowski, T. Shtoyko, I. Akopova, Z. Gryczynski, I. Gryczynski, “Enhanced fluorescence emission of Me-ADOTA+ by self-assembled silver nanoparticles on a gold film,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 476(1-3), 46–50 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anger, P.

P. Anger, P. Bharadwaj, L. Novotny, “Enhancement and Quenching of Single-Molecule Fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(11), 113002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aslan, K.

K. Aslan, Z. Leonenko, J. R. Lakowicz, C. D. Geddes, “Annealed silver-island films for applications in metal-enhanced fluorescence: interpretation in terms of radiating plasmons,” J. Fluoresc. 15(5), 643–654 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Badugu, R.

S. D. Choudhury, R. Badugu, K. Ray, J. R. Lakowicz, “Silver-Gold Nanocomposite Substrates for Metal-Enhanced Fluorescence: Ensemble and Single-Molecule Spectroscopic Studies,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 116(8), 5042–5048 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Szmacinski, R. Badugu, J. R. Lakowicz, “Fabrication and Characterization of Planar Plasmonic Substrates with High Fluorescence Enhancement,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 114(49), 21142–21149 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bharadwaj, P.

P. Anger, P. Bharadwaj, L. Novotny, “Enhancement and Quenching of Single-Molecule Fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(11), 113002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blair, S.

X. Wen, Z. Xi, X. Jiao, W. Yu, G. Xue, D. Zhang, Y. Lu, P. Wang, S. Blair, H. Ming, “Plasmonic Coupling Effect in Ag Nanocap–Nanohole Pairs for Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering,” Plasmonics (2013).

Cao, Y.

S. Xu, Y. Cao, J. Zhou, X. Wang, X. Wang, W. Xu, “Plasmonic enhancement of fluorescence on silver nanoparticle films,” Nanotechnology 22(27), 275715 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, C. H.

Y. J. Lu, C. H. Chang, C. L. Lin, C. C. Wu, H. L. Hsu, L. J. Chen, Y. T. Lin, R. Nishikawa, “Achieving three-peak white organic light-emitting devices using wavelength selective mirror electrodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(12), 123303 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chang, H. C.

W. C. Lin, L. S. Liao, Y. H. Chen, H. C. Chang, D. P. Tsai, H. P. Chiang, “Size dependence of Nanoparticle-SERS Enhancement from Silver Film over Nanosphere (AgFON) Substrate,” Plasmonics 6(2), 201–206 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. C.

W. C. Lin, S. H. Huang, C. L. Chen, C. C. Chen, D. P. Tsai, H. P. Chiang, “Controlling SERS intensity by tuning the size and height of silver nanoparticle array,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 101(1), 185–189 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. L.

W. C. Lin, S. H. Huang, C. L. Chen, C. C. Chen, D. P. Tsai, H. P. Chiang, “Controlling SERS intensity by tuning the size and height of silver nanoparticle array,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 101(1), 185–189 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. W.

T. C. Peng, W. C. Lin, C. W. Chen, D. P. Tsai, H. P. Chiang, “Enhanced sensitivity of surface plasmon resonance phase-interrogation biosensor by using silver nanoparticles,” Plasmonics 6(1), 29–34 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L. J.

Y. J. Lu, C. H. Chang, C. L. Lin, C. C. Wu, H. L. Hsu, L. J. Chen, Y. T. Lin, R. Nishikawa, “Achieving three-peak white organic light-emitting devices using wavelength selective mirror electrodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(12), 123303 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, M. W.

X. Y. Lang, P. F. Guan, T. Fujita, M. W. Chen, “Tailored nanoporous gold for ultrahigh fluorescence enhancement,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13(9), 3795–3799 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y. H.

W. C. Lin, L. S. Liao, Y. H. Chen, H. C. Chang, D. P. Tsai, H. P. Chiang, “Size dependence of Nanoparticle-SERS Enhancement from Silver Film over Nanosphere (AgFON) Substrate,” Plasmonics 6(2), 201–206 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z. W.

H. P. Chiang, J. L. Lin, Z. W. Chen, “High sensitivity surface plasmon resonance sensor based on phase interrogation at optimal incident wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chiang, H. P.

W. C. Lin, T. R. Tsai, H. L. Huang, C. Y. Shiau, H. P. Chiang, “SERS Study of Histamine by using Silver Film over Nanosphere Structure,” Plasmonics 7(4), 709–716 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Lin, L. S. Liao, Y. H. Chen, H. C. Chang, D. P. Tsai, H. P. Chiang, “Size dependence of Nanoparticle-SERS Enhancement from Silver Film over Nanosphere (AgFON) Substrate,” Plasmonics 6(2), 201–206 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. C. Peng, W. C. Lin, C. W. Chen, D. P. Tsai, H. P. Chiang, “Enhanced sensitivity of surface plasmon resonance phase-interrogation biosensor by using silver nanoparticles,” Plasmonics 6(1), 29–34 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Lin, S. H. Huang, C. L. Chen, C. C. Chen, D. P. Tsai, H. P. Chiang, “Controlling SERS intensity by tuning the size and height of silver nanoparticle array,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 101(1), 185–189 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Chiang, J. L. Lin, Z. W. Chen, “High sensitivity surface plasmon resonance sensor based on phase interrogation at optimal incident wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Choudhury, S. D.

S. D. Choudhury, R. Badugu, K. Ray, J. R. Lakowicz, “Silver-Gold Nanocomposite Substrates for Metal-Enhanced Fluorescence: Ensemble and Single-Molecule Spectroscopic Studies,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 116(8), 5042–5048 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chowdhury, M. H.

J. Zhang, Y. Fu, M. H. Chowdhury, J. R. Lakowicz, “Metal-enhanced single-molecule fluorescence on silver particle monomer and dimer: coupling effect between metal particles,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2101–2107 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choy, W. C. H.

T. Zheng, W. C. H. Choy, “Red organic light emitting devices with reduced efficiency roll-off behavior by using hybrid fluorescent/phosphorescent emission structure,” Thin Solid Films 519(2), 872–875 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chu, Y.

Crozier, K. B.

Dick, L. A.

L. A. Dick, A. D. McFarland, C. L. Haynes, R. P. Van Duyne, “Metal film over nanosphere (MFON) electrodes for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS): improvements in surface nanostructure stability and suppression of irreversible loss,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(4), 853–860 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dragan, A.

Y. Zhang, A. Dragan, C. D. Geddes, “Metal-enhanced fluorescence from tin nanostructured surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(2), 024302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fu, Q.

M. Yi, D. Zhang, X. Wen, Q. Fu, P. Wang, Y. Lu, H. Ming, “Fluorescence Enhancement Caused by Plasmonics Coupling Between Silver Nano-Cubes and Silver Film,” Plasmonics 6(2), 213–217 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fu, Y.

Y. Fu, J. Zhang, J. R. Lakowicz, “Metallic-Nanostructure-Enhanced Fluorescence of Single Flavin Cofactor and Single Flavoenzyme Molecules,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 115(15), 7202–7208 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, Y. Fu, M. H. Chowdhury, J. R. Lakowicz, “Metal-enhanced single-molecule fluorescence on silver particle monomer and dimer: coupling effect between metal particles,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2101–2107 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujita, T.

X. Y. Lang, P. F. Guan, T. Fujita, M. W. Chen, “Tailored nanoporous gold for ultrahigh fluorescence enhancement,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13(9), 3795–3799 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Geddes, C. D.

Y. Zhang, A. Dragan, C. D. Geddes, “Metal-enhanced fluorescence from tin nanostructured surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(2), 024302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Aslan, Z. Leonenko, J. R. Lakowicz, C. D. Geddes, “Annealed silver-island films for applications in metal-enhanced fluorescence: interpretation in terms of radiating plasmons,” J. Fluoresc. 15(5), 643–654 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gong, H.

Gordon, J. G.

J. D. Pockrand, J. D. Swalen, J. G. Gordon, M. R. Philpott, “Surface plasmon spectroscopy of organic monolayer assemblies,” Surf. Sci. 74(1), 237–244 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Gray, S. K.

Gryczynski, I.

T. J. Sørensen, B. W. Laursen, R. Luchowski, T. Shtoyko, I. Akopova, Z. Gryczynski, I. Gryczynski, “Enhanced fluorescence emission of Me-ADOTA+ by self-assembled silver nanoparticles on a gold film,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 476(1-3), 46–50 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gryczynski, Z.

T. J. Sørensen, B. W. Laursen, R. Luchowski, T. Shtoyko, I. Akopova, Z. Gryczynski, I. Gryczynski, “Enhanced fluorescence emission of Me-ADOTA+ by self-assembled silver nanoparticles on a gold film,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 476(1-3), 46–50 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guan, P. F.

X. Y. Lang, P. F. Guan, T. Fujita, M. W. Chen, “Tailored nanoporous gold for ultrahigh fluorescence enhancement,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13(9), 3795–3799 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guo, Z.

Z. Guo, W. Zhu, H. Tian, “Dicyanomethylene-4H-pyran chromophores for OLED emitters, logic gates and optical chemosensors,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 48(49), 6073–6084 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haynes, C. L.

L. A. Dick, A. D. McFarland, C. L. Haynes, R. P. Van Duyne, “Metal film over nanosphere (MFON) electrodes for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS): improvements in surface nanostructure stability and suppression of irreversible loss,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(4), 853–860 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Homola, J.

Hsu, H. L.

Y. J. Lu, C. H. Chang, C. L. Lin, C. C. Wu, H. L. Hsu, L. J. Chen, Y. T. Lin, R. Nishikawa, “Achieving three-peak white organic light-emitting devices using wavelength selective mirror electrodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(12), 123303 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, H. L.

W. C. Lin, T. R. Tsai, H. L. Huang, C. Y. Shiau, H. P. Chiang, “SERS Study of Histamine by using Silver Film over Nanosphere Structure,” Plasmonics 7(4), 709–716 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Huang, K. C.

Y. Z. Su, M. W. Hung, K. C. Huang, “An evanescent wave fiber optic biosensor based on Metal-Enhanced Fluorescence (MEF),” Physics Procedia 19, 379–384 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S. H.

W. C. Lin, S. H. Huang, C. L. Chen, C. C. Chen, D. P. Tsai, H. P. Chiang, “Controlling SERS intensity by tuning the size and height of silver nanoparticle array,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 101(1), 185–189 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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Y. Z. Su, M. W. Hung, K. C. Huang, “An evanescent wave fiber optic biosensor based on Metal-Enhanced Fluorescence (MEF),” Physics Procedia 19, 379–384 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Idso, M.

Imre, A.

Jang, Y. K.

G. Y. Zhong, D. E. Kim, O. K. Kwon, Y. K. Jang, Y. S. Kwon, “The carrier-trapping effect of dye doped in Alq,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(5), 054507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jiao, X.

X. Wen, Z. Xi, X. Jiao, W. Yu, G. Xue, D. Zhang, Y. Lu, P. Wang, S. Blair, H. Ming, “Plasmonic Coupling Effect in Ag Nanocap–Nanohole Pairs for Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering,” Plasmonics (2013).

Jordan, R. W.

Karmakar, B.

T. Som, B. Karmakar, “Surface plasmon resonance and enhanced fluorescence application of single-step synthesized elliptical nano gold-embedded antimony glass dichroic nanocomposites,” Plasmonics 5(2), 149–159 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D. E.

G. Y. Zhong, D. E. Kim, O. K. Kwon, Y. K. Jang, Y. S. Kwon, “The carrier-trapping effect of dye doped in Alq,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(5), 054507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kvasnicka, P.

Kwon, O. K.

G. Y. Zhong, D. E. Kim, O. K. Kwon, Y. K. Jang, Y. S. Kwon, “The carrier-trapping effect of dye doped in Alq,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(5), 054507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, Y. S.

G. Y. Zhong, D. E. Kim, O. K. Kwon, Y. K. Jang, Y. S. Kwon, “The carrier-trapping effect of dye doped in Alq,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(5), 054507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lai, Y. L.

C. H. Lu, C. C. Lan, Y. L. Lai, Y. L. Li, C. P. Liu, “Enhancement of Green Emission from InGaN/GaN Multiple Quantum Wells via Coupling to Surface Plasmons in a Two-Dimensional Silver Array,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(24), 4719–4723 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lakowicz, J. R.

N. Akbay, J. R. Lakowicz, K. Ray, “Distance-Dependent Metal-Enhanced Intrinsic Fluorescence of Proteins Using Polyelectrolyte Layer-by-Layer Assembly and Aluminum Nanoparticles,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 116(19), 10766–10773 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. D. Choudhury, R. Badugu, K. Ray, J. R. Lakowicz, “Silver-Gold Nanocomposite Substrates for Metal-Enhanced Fluorescence: Ensemble and Single-Molecule Spectroscopic Studies,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 116(8), 5042–5048 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fu, J. Zhang, J. R. Lakowicz, “Metallic-Nanostructure-Enhanced Fluorescence of Single Flavin Cofactor and Single Flavoenzyme Molecules,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 115(15), 7202–7208 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Szmacinski, R. Badugu, J. R. Lakowicz, “Fabrication and Characterization of Planar Plasmonic Substrates with High Fluorescence Enhancement,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 114(49), 21142–21149 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, Y. Fu, M. H. Chowdhury, J. R. Lakowicz, “Metal-enhanced single-molecule fluorescence on silver particle monomer and dimer: coupling effect between metal particles,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2101–2107 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Aslan, Z. Leonenko, J. R. Lakowicz, C. D. Geddes, “Annealed silver-island films for applications in metal-enhanced fluorescence: interpretation in terms of radiating plasmons,” J. Fluoresc. 15(5), 643–654 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lan, C. C.

C. H. Lu, C. C. Lan, Y. L. Lai, Y. L. Li, C. P. Liu, “Enhancement of Green Emission from InGaN/GaN Multiple Quantum Wells via Coupling to Surface Plasmons in a Two-Dimensional Silver Array,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(24), 4719–4723 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lang, X. Y.

X. Y. Lang, P. F. Guan, T. Fujita, M. W. Chen, “Tailored nanoporous gold for ultrahigh fluorescence enhancement,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13(9), 3795–3799 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laursen, B. W.

T. J. Sørensen, B. W. Laursen, R. Luchowski, T. Shtoyko, I. Akopova, Z. Gryczynski, I. Gryczynski, “Enhanced fluorescence emission of Me-ADOTA+ by self-assembled silver nanoparticles on a gold film,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 476(1-3), 46–50 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leonenko, Z.

K. Aslan, Z. Leonenko, J. R. Lakowicz, C. D. Geddes, “Annealed silver-island films for applications in metal-enhanced fluorescence: interpretation in terms of radiating plasmons,” J. Fluoresc. 15(5), 643–654 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, B.

P. Wang, X. Zhao, B. Li, “Plasmon-enhanced yellow light emission in hybrid nanostructures formed by fluorescent molecules and polymer,” Nano Energy 1(1), 152–158 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. L.

C. H. Lu, C. C. Lan, Y. L. Lai, Y. L. Li, C. P. Liu, “Enhancement of Green Emission from InGaN/GaN Multiple Quantum Wells via Coupling to Surface Plasmons in a Two-Dimensional Silver Array,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(24), 4719–4723 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liao, L. S.

W. C. Lin, L. S. Liao, Y. H. Chen, H. C. Chang, D. P. Tsai, H. P. Chiang, “Size dependence of Nanoparticle-SERS Enhancement from Silver Film over Nanosphere (AgFON) Substrate,” Plasmonics 6(2), 201–206 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. L.

Y. J. Lu, C. H. Chang, C. L. Lin, C. C. Wu, H. L. Hsu, L. J. Chen, Y. T. Lin, R. Nishikawa, “Achieving three-peak white organic light-emitting devices using wavelength selective mirror electrodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(12), 123303 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J. L.

H. P. Chiang, J. L. Lin, Z. W. Chen, “High sensitivity surface plasmon resonance sensor based on phase interrogation at optimal incident wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(14), 141105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lin, W. C.

W. C. Lin, T. R. Tsai, H. L. Huang, C. Y. Shiau, H. P. Chiang, “SERS Study of Histamine by using Silver Film over Nanosphere Structure,” Plasmonics 7(4), 709–716 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Lin, L. S. Liao, Y. H. Chen, H. C. Chang, D. P. Tsai, H. P. Chiang, “Size dependence of Nanoparticle-SERS Enhancement from Silver Film over Nanosphere (AgFON) Substrate,” Plasmonics 6(2), 201–206 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. C. Peng, W. C. Lin, C. W. Chen, D. P. Tsai, H. P. Chiang, “Enhanced sensitivity of surface plasmon resonance phase-interrogation biosensor by using silver nanoparticles,” Plasmonics 6(1), 29–34 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Lin, S. H. Huang, C. L. Chen, C. C. Chen, D. P. Tsai, H. P. Chiang, “Controlling SERS intensity by tuning the size and height of silver nanoparticle array,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 101(1), 185–189 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y. T.

Y. J. Lu, C. H. Chang, C. L. Lin, C. C. Wu, H. L. Hsu, L. J. Chen, Y. T. Lin, R. Nishikawa, “Achieving three-peak white organic light-emitting devices using wavelength selective mirror electrodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(12), 123303 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C. P.

C. H. Lu, C. C. Lan, Y. L. Lai, Y. L. Li, C. P. Liu, “Enhancement of Green Emission from InGaN/GaN Multiple Quantum Wells via Coupling to Surface Plasmons in a Two-Dimensional Silver Array,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(24), 4719–4723 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, F.

F. Liu, J. M. Nunzi, “Enhanced organic light emitting diode and solar cell performances using silver nano-clusters,” Org. Electron. 13(9), 1623–1632 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C. H.

C. H. Lu, C. C. Lan, Y. L. Lai, Y. L. Li, C. P. Liu, “Enhancement of Green Emission from InGaN/GaN Multiple Quantum Wells via Coupling to Surface Plasmons in a Two-Dimensional Silver Array,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 21(24), 4719–4723 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y.

X. Wen, Z. Xi, X. Jiao, W. Yu, G. Xue, D. Zhang, Y. Lu, P. Wang, S. Blair, H. Ming, “Plasmonic Coupling Effect in Ag Nanocap–Nanohole Pairs for Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering,” Plasmonics (2013).

M. Yi, D. Zhang, X. Wen, Q. Fu, P. Wang, Y. Lu, H. Ming, “Fluorescence Enhancement Caused by Plasmonics Coupling Between Silver Nano-Cubes and Silver Film,” Plasmonics 6(2), 213–217 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y. J.

Y. J. Lu, C. H. Chang, C. L. Lin, C. C. Wu, H. L. Hsu, L. J. Chen, Y. T. Lin, R. Nishikawa, “Achieving three-peak white organic light-emitting devices using wavelength selective mirror electrodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(12), 123303 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Luchowski, R.

T. J. Sørensen, B. W. Laursen, R. Luchowski, T. Shtoyko, I. Akopova, Z. Gryczynski, I. Gryczynski, “Enhanced fluorescence emission of Me-ADOTA+ by self-assembled silver nanoparticles on a gold film,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 476(1-3), 46–50 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McFarland, A. D.

L. A. Dick, A. D. McFarland, C. L. Haynes, R. P. Van Duyne, “Metal film over nanosphere (MFON) electrodes for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS): improvements in surface nanostructure stability and suppression of irreversible loss,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(4), 853–860 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ming, H.

X. Wen, Z. Xi, X. Jiao, W. Yu, G. Xue, D. Zhang, Y. Lu, P. Wang, S. Blair, H. Ming, “Plasmonic Coupling Effect in Ag Nanocap–Nanohole Pairs for Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering,” Plasmonics (2013).

M. Yi, D. Zhang, X. Wen, Q. Fu, P. Wang, Y. Lu, H. Ming, “Fluorescence Enhancement Caused by Plasmonics Coupling Between Silver Nano-Cubes and Silver Film,” Plasmonics 6(2), 213–217 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Montgomery, J. M.

Nishikawa, R.

Y. J. Lu, C. H. Chang, C. L. Lin, C. C. Wu, H. L. Hsu, L. J. Chen, Y. T. Lin, R. Nishikawa, “Achieving three-peak white organic light-emitting devices using wavelength selective mirror electrodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(12), 123303 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Novotny, L.

P. Anger, P. Bharadwaj, L. Novotny, “Enhancement and Quenching of Single-Molecule Fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(11), 113002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nunzi, J. M.

F. Liu, J. M. Nunzi, “Enhanced organic light emitting diode and solar cell performances using silver nano-clusters,” Org. Electron. 13(9), 1623–1632 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Peng, T. C.

T. C. Peng, W. C. Lin, C. W. Chen, D. P. Tsai, H. P. Chiang, “Enhanced sensitivity of surface plasmon resonance phase-interrogation biosensor by using silver nanoparticles,” Plasmonics 6(1), 29–34 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Philpott, M. R.

J. D. Pockrand, J. D. Swalen, J. G. Gordon, M. R. Philpott, “Surface plasmon spectroscopy of organic monolayer assemblies,” Surf. Sci. 74(1), 237–244 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Pockrand, J. D.

J. D. Pockrand, J. D. Swalen, J. G. Gordon, M. R. Philpott, “Surface plasmon spectroscopy of organic monolayer assemblies,” Surf. Sci. 74(1), 237–244 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Ray, K.

N. Akbay, J. R. Lakowicz, K. Ray, “Distance-Dependent Metal-Enhanced Intrinsic Fluorescence of Proteins Using Polyelectrolyte Layer-by-Layer Assembly and Aluminum Nanoparticles,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 116(19), 10766–10773 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. D. Choudhury, R. Badugu, K. Ray, J. R. Lakowicz, “Silver-Gold Nanocomposite Substrates for Metal-Enhanced Fluorescence: Ensemble and Single-Molecule Spectroscopic Studies,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 116(8), 5042–5048 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ruppin, R.

R. Ruppin, “Decay of an excited molecule near a small metal sphere,” J. Chem. Phys. 76(4), 1681–1684 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Shiau, C. Y.

W. C. Lin, T. R. Tsai, H. L. Huang, C. Y. Shiau, H. P. Chiang, “SERS Study of Histamine by using Silver Film over Nanosphere Structure,” Plasmonics 7(4), 709–716 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shtoyko, T.

T. J. Sørensen, B. W. Laursen, R. Luchowski, T. Shtoyko, I. Akopova, Z. Gryczynski, I. Gryczynski, “Enhanced fluorescence emission of Me-ADOTA+ by self-assembled silver nanoparticles on a gold film,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 476(1-3), 46–50 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Som, T.

T. Som, B. Karmakar, “Surface plasmon resonance and enhanced fluorescence application of single-step synthesized elliptical nano gold-embedded antimony glass dichroic nanocomposites,” Plasmonics 5(2), 149–159 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sørensen, T. J.

T. J. Sørensen, B. W. Laursen, R. Luchowski, T. Shtoyko, I. Akopova, Z. Gryczynski, I. Gryczynski, “Enhanced fluorescence emission of Me-ADOTA+ by self-assembled silver nanoparticles on a gold film,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 476(1-3), 46–50 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Su, Y. Z.

Y. Z. Su, M. W. Hung, K. C. Huang, “An evanescent wave fiber optic biosensor based on Metal-Enhanced Fluorescence (MEF),” Physics Procedia 19, 379–384 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Swalen, J. D.

J. D. Pockrand, J. D. Swalen, J. G. Gordon, M. R. Philpott, “Surface plasmon spectroscopy of organic monolayer assemblies,” Surf. Sci. 74(1), 237–244 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Szmacinski, H.

H. Szmacinski, R. Badugu, J. R. Lakowicz, “Fabrication and Characterization of Planar Plasmonic Substrates with High Fluorescence Enhancement,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 114(49), 21142–21149 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tian, H.

Z. Guo, W. Zhu, H. Tian, “Dicyanomethylene-4H-pyran chromophores for OLED emitters, logic gates and optical chemosensors,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 48(49), 6073–6084 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsai, D. P.

W. C. Lin, L. S. Liao, Y. H. Chen, H. C. Chang, D. P. Tsai, H. P. Chiang, “Size dependence of Nanoparticle-SERS Enhancement from Silver Film over Nanosphere (AgFON) Substrate,” Plasmonics 6(2), 201–206 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. C. Peng, W. C. Lin, C. W. Chen, D. P. Tsai, H. P. Chiang, “Enhanced sensitivity of surface plasmon resonance phase-interrogation biosensor by using silver nanoparticles,” Plasmonics 6(1), 29–34 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Lin, S. H. Huang, C. L. Chen, C. C. Chen, D. P. Tsai, H. P. Chiang, “Controlling SERS intensity by tuning the size and height of silver nanoparticle array,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 101(1), 185–189 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, T. R.

W. C. Lin, T. R. Tsai, H. L. Huang, C. Y. Shiau, H. P. Chiang, “SERS Study of Histamine by using Silver Film over Nanosphere Structure,” Plasmonics 7(4), 709–716 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Van Duyne, R. P.

L. A. Dick, A. D. McFarland, C. L. Haynes, R. P. Van Duyne, “Metal film over nanosphere (MFON) electrodes for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS): improvements in surface nanostructure stability and suppression of irreversible loss,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(4), 853–860 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vlasko-Vlasov, V.

Wang, D.

Wang, P.

X. Wen, Z. Xi, X. Jiao, W. Yu, G. Xue, D. Zhang, Y. Lu, P. Wang, S. Blair, H. Ming, “Plasmonic Coupling Effect in Ag Nanocap–Nanohole Pairs for Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering,” Plasmonics (2013).

P. Wang, X. Zhao, B. Li, “Plasmon-enhanced yellow light emission in hybrid nanostructures formed by fluorescent molecules and polymer,” Nano Energy 1(1), 152–158 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Yi, D. Zhang, X. Wen, Q. Fu, P. Wang, Y. Lu, H. Ming, “Fluorescence Enhancement Caused by Plasmonics Coupling Between Silver Nano-Cubes and Silver Film,” Plasmonics 6(2), 213–217 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

S. Xu, Y. Cao, J. Zhou, X. Wang, X. Wang, W. Xu, “Plasmonic enhancement of fluorescence on silver nanoparticle films,” Nanotechnology 22(27), 275715 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Xu, Y. Cao, J. Zhou, X. Wang, X. Wang, W. Xu, “Plasmonic enhancement of fluorescence on silver nanoparticle films,” Nanotechnology 22(27), 275715 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Welp, U.

Wen, X.

X. Wen, Z. Xi, X. Jiao, W. Yu, G. Xue, D. Zhang, Y. Lu, P. Wang, S. Blair, H. Ming, “Plasmonic Coupling Effect in Ag Nanocap–Nanohole Pairs for Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering,” Plasmonics (2013).

M. Yi, D. Zhang, X. Wen, Q. Fu, P. Wang, Y. Lu, H. Ming, “Fluorescence Enhancement Caused by Plasmonics Coupling Between Silver Nano-Cubes and Silver Film,” Plasmonics 6(2), 213–217 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C. C.

Y. J. Lu, C. H. Chang, C. L. Lin, C. C. Wu, H. L. Hsu, L. J. Chen, Y. T. Lin, R. Nishikawa, “Achieving three-peak white organic light-emitting devices using wavelength selective mirror electrodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(12), 123303 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xi, Z.

X. Wen, Z. Xi, X. Jiao, W. Yu, G. Xue, D. Zhang, Y. Lu, P. Wang, S. Blair, H. Ming, “Plasmonic Coupling Effect in Ag Nanocap–Nanohole Pairs for Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering,” Plasmonics (2013).

Xu, J.

Xu, S.

S. Xu, Y. Cao, J. Zhou, X. Wang, X. Wang, W. Xu, “Plasmonic enhancement of fluorescence on silver nanoparticle films,” Nanotechnology 22(27), 275715 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, W.

S. Xu, Y. Cao, J. Zhou, X. Wang, X. Wang, W. Xu, “Plasmonic enhancement of fluorescence on silver nanoparticle films,” Nanotechnology 22(27), 275715 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xue, G.

X. Wen, Z. Xi, X. Jiao, W. Yu, G. Xue, D. Zhang, Y. Lu, P. Wang, S. Blair, H. Ming, “Plasmonic Coupling Effect in Ag Nanocap–Nanohole Pairs for Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering,” Plasmonics (2013).

Yi, M.

M. Yi, D. Zhang, X. Wen, Q. Fu, P. Wang, Y. Lu, H. Ming, “Fluorescence Enhancement Caused by Plasmonics Coupling Between Silver Nano-Cubes and Silver Film,” Plasmonics 6(2), 213–217 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Q.

Yu, W.

X. Wen, Z. Xi, X. Jiao, W. Yu, G. Xue, D. Zhang, Y. Lu, P. Wang, S. Blair, H. Ming, “Plasmonic Coupling Effect in Ag Nanocap–Nanohole Pairs for Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering,” Plasmonics (2013).

Zhang, D.

X. Wen, Z. Xi, X. Jiao, W. Yu, G. Xue, D. Zhang, Y. Lu, P. Wang, S. Blair, H. Ming, “Plasmonic Coupling Effect in Ag Nanocap–Nanohole Pairs for Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering,” Plasmonics (2013).

M. Yi, D. Zhang, X. Wen, Q. Fu, P. Wang, Y. Lu, H. Ming, “Fluorescence Enhancement Caused by Plasmonics Coupling Between Silver Nano-Cubes and Silver Film,” Plasmonics 6(2), 213–217 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

Y. Fu, J. Zhang, J. R. Lakowicz, “Metallic-Nanostructure-Enhanced Fluorescence of Single Flavin Cofactor and Single Flavoenzyme Molecules,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 115(15), 7202–7208 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, Y. Fu, M. H. Chowdhury, J. R. Lakowicz, “Metal-enhanced single-molecule fluorescence on silver particle monomer and dimer: coupling effect between metal particles,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2101–2107 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, A. Dragan, C. D. Geddes, “Metal-enhanced fluorescence from tin nanostructured surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(2), 024302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, X.

P. Wang, X. Zhao, B. Li, “Plasmon-enhanced yellow light emission in hybrid nanostructures formed by fluorescent molecules and polymer,” Nano Energy 1(1), 152–158 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, T.

T. Zheng, W. C. H. Choy, “Red organic light emitting devices with reduced efficiency roll-off behavior by using hybrid fluorescent/phosphorescent emission structure,” Thin Solid Films 519(2), 872–875 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, G. Y.

G. Y. Zhong, D. E. Kim, O. K. Kwon, Y. K. Jang, Y. S. Kwon, “The carrier-trapping effect of dye doped in Alq,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(5), 054507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

S. Xu, Y. Cao, J. Zhou, X. Wang, X. Wang, W. Xu, “Plasmonic enhancement of fluorescence on silver nanoparticle films,” Nanotechnology 22(27), 275715 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, W.

Z. Guo, W. Zhu, H. Tian, “Dicyanomethylene-4H-pyran chromophores for OLED emitters, logic gates and optical chemosensors,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 48(49), 6073–6084 (2012).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic picture of the device fabricated by using NSL.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

SEM image.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Absorption spectra of pure DCJTB and the substrate of silver nanoparticle array with nanosphere 430nm, 500nm and 600nm in diameter, respectively. (b) PL spectra of pure DCJTB on the glass and DCJTB on the substrate of silver nanoparticle array with nanosphere 430nm, 500nm and 600nm in diameter, respectively..

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

TRPL spectra of pure DCJTB on the glass and DCJTB on the substrate of silver nanoparticle array with nanosphere 430nm, 500nm and 600nm in diameter, respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Field enhancement factor on the substrate of silver nanoparticle array with nanosphere 430nm, 500nm and 600nm in diameter, respectively, at 20 nm from the apex of neighbor nanoparticles with incident light at the wavelength of 500 nm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Normalized total decay rate of an oscillating dipole in the vicinity of a metal sphere as a function of the radius of the sphere. The dipole is oscillating along the radial direction at a distance of 20 nm from the silver sphere. (b) Same condition as (a), but for the quantum yield.

Equations (2)

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γ F = | E E 0 | 2 ( γ r γ r + γ nr ),
Y= γ r γ r + γ nr ,

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