Abstract

This study introduces an efficient polarized, white phosphor-converted, light-emitting diode (pc-LED) using a remote phosphor film sandwiched between a reflective polarizer film (RPF) and a short-wavelength pass dichroic filter (SPDF). The on-axis brightness of polarized white light emission of a RPF/SPDF-sandwiched phosphor film over a blue LED, showed greater recovery than that of a conventional unpolarized remote phosphor film over blue LED, due to the recycling effect of yellow light from an SPDF. The relative luminous efficacy of an RPF/SPDF-sandwiched phosphor film was made 1.40 times better by adding an SPDF on the backside of an RPF-capped phosphor film. A polarization ratio of 0.84 was demonstrated for a white LED with an RPF/SPDF-sandwiched phosphor film, in good agreement with the measured results from the RPF-only sample.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Koyama, T. Onuma, H. Masui, A. Chakraborty, B. A. Haskell, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, S. P. Denbaars, T. Sota, S. F. Chichibu, “Prospective emission efficiency and in-plane light polarization of nonpolar m-plane InxGa1-xN/GaN blue light emitting diodes fabricated on freestanding GaN substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 091906 (2006).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2010

J. R. Oh, S.-H. Cho, Y.-H. Lee, Y. R. Do, “Lowering color temperature of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ white light emitting diodes using reddish light-recycling filter,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 13(1), J5–J17 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

C.-F. Lai, J.-Y. Chi, H.-H. Yen, H.-C. Kuo, C.-H. Chao, H.-T. Hsueh, J.-F. T. Wang, C.-Y. Huang, W.-Y. Yeh, “Polarized light emission from photonic crystal light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 243118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, S.-T. Wu, “Nanowire grid polarizer for energy efficient and wide-view liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 121104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

S. H. Kim, J.-D. Park, K.-D. Lee, “Fabrication of a nano-wire grid polarizer for brightness enhancement in liquid crystal display,” Nanotechnology 17(17), 4436–4438 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Koyama, T. Onuma, H. Masui, A. Chakraborty, B. A. Haskell, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, S. P. Denbaars, T. Sota, S. F. Chichibu, “Prospective emission efficiency and in-plane light polarization of nonpolar m-plane InxGa1-xN/GaN blue light emitting diodes fabricated on freestanding GaN substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 091906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

R. Sharma, P. M. Pattison, H. Masui, R. M. Farrell, T. J. Baker, B. A. Haskell, F. Wu, S. P. DenBaars, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, “Demonstration of a semipolar (1013) InGaN∕GaN green light emitting diode, ” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(23), 231110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Baba, S. S. Gleason, J. S. Goddard, M. J. Paulus, “Application of polarization for optical motion-registered SPECT functional imaging of tumors in mice,” Proc. SPIE 5702, 97–103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. F. Gardner, J. C. Kim, J. J. Wierer, Y. C. Shen, M. R. Krames, “Polarization anisotropy in the electroluminescence of m-plane InGaN-GaN multiple-quantum-well light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(11), 111101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

J. C. Ramella-Roman, K. Lee, S. A. Prahl, S. L. Jacques, “Polarized light imaging white a hand-held camera,” Proc. SPIE 5068, 284–293 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Baba, J. S.

J. S. Baba, S. S. Gleason, J. S. Goddard, M. J. Paulus, “Application of polarization for optical motion-registered SPECT functional imaging of tumors in mice,” Proc. SPIE 5702, 97–103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Baker, T. J.

R. Sharma, P. M. Pattison, H. Masui, R. M. Farrell, T. J. Baker, B. A. Haskell, F. Wu, S. P. DenBaars, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, “Demonstration of a semipolar (1013) InGaN∕GaN green light emitting diode, ” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(23), 231110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chakraborty, A.

T. Koyama, T. Onuma, H. Masui, A. Chakraborty, B. A. Haskell, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, S. P. Denbaars, T. Sota, S. F. Chichibu, “Prospective emission efficiency and in-plane light polarization of nonpolar m-plane InxGa1-xN/GaN blue light emitting diodes fabricated on freestanding GaN substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 091906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chao, C.-H.

C.-F. Lai, J.-Y. Chi, H.-H. Yen, H.-C. Kuo, C.-H. Chao, H.-T. Hsueh, J.-F. T. Wang, C.-Y. Huang, W.-Y. Yeh, “Polarized light emission from photonic crystal light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 243118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chhajed, S.

Chi, J.-Y.

C.-F. Lai, J.-Y. Chi, H.-H. Yen, H.-C. Kuo, C.-H. Chao, H.-T. Hsueh, J.-F. T. Wang, C.-Y. Huang, W.-Y. Yeh, “Polarized light emission from photonic crystal light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 243118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chichibu, S. F.

T. Koyama, T. Onuma, H. Masui, A. Chakraborty, B. A. Haskell, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, S. P. Denbaars, T. Sota, S. F. Chichibu, “Prospective emission efficiency and in-plane light polarization of nonpolar m-plane InxGa1-xN/GaN blue light emitting diodes fabricated on freestanding GaN substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 091906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chien, K.-W.

Cho, J.

Cho, S.-H.

J. R. Oh, S.-H. Cho, Y.-H. Lee, Y. R. Do, “Lowering color temperature of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ white light emitting diodes using reddish light-recycling filter,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 13(1), J5–J17 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Oh, S.-H. Cho, Y.-H. Lee, Y. R. Do, “Enhanced forward efficiency of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ phosphor from white light-emitting diodes using blue-pass yellow-reflection filter,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7450–7457 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Denbaars, S. P.

T. Koyama, T. Onuma, H. Masui, A. Chakraborty, B. A. Haskell, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, S. P. Denbaars, T. Sota, S. F. Chichibu, “Prospective emission efficiency and in-plane light polarization of nonpolar m-plane InxGa1-xN/GaN blue light emitting diodes fabricated on freestanding GaN substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 091906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Sharma, P. M. Pattison, H. Masui, R. M. Farrell, T. J. Baker, B. A. Haskell, F. Wu, S. P. DenBaars, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, “Demonstration of a semipolar (1013) InGaN∕GaN green light emitting diode, ” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(23), 231110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Do, Y. R.

J. R. Oh, S.-H. Cho, Y.-H. Lee, Y. R. Do, “Lowering color temperature of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ white light emitting diodes using reddish light-recycling filter,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 13(1), J5–J17 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Oh, S.-H. Cho, Y.-H. Lee, Y. R. Do, “Enhanced forward efficiency of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ phosphor from white light-emitting diodes using blue-pass yellow-reflection filter,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7450–7457 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Farrell, R. M.

R. Sharma, P. M. Pattison, H. Masui, R. M. Farrell, T. J. Baker, B. A. Haskell, F. Wu, S. P. DenBaars, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, “Demonstration of a semipolar (1013) InGaN∕GaN green light emitting diode, ” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(23), 231110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fuchs, H.-J.

T. Weber, H.-J. Fuchs, H. Schmidt, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, “Wire-grid polarizer for the UV spectral region,” Proc. SPIE 7205, 720504, 720504-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gardner, N. F.

N. F. Gardner, J. C. Kim, J. J. Wierer, Y. C. Shen, M. R. Krames, “Polarization anisotropy in the electroluminescence of m-plane InGaN-GaN multiple-quantum-well light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(11), 111101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ge, Z.

Z. Ge, S.-T. Wu, “Nanowire grid polarizer for energy efficient and wide-view liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 121104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gleason, S. S.

J. S. Baba, S. S. Gleason, J. S. Goddard, M. J. Paulus, “Application of polarization for optical motion-registered SPECT functional imaging of tumors in mice,” Proc. SPIE 5702, 97–103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Goddard, J. S.

J. S. Baba, S. S. Gleason, J. S. Goddard, M. J. Paulus, “Application of polarization for optical motion-registered SPECT functional imaging of tumors in mice,” Proc. SPIE 5702, 97–103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Haskell, B. A.

T. Koyama, T. Onuma, H. Masui, A. Chakraborty, B. A. Haskell, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, S. P. Denbaars, T. Sota, S. F. Chichibu, “Prospective emission efficiency and in-plane light polarization of nonpolar m-plane InxGa1-xN/GaN blue light emitting diodes fabricated on freestanding GaN substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 091906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Sharma, P. M. Pattison, H. Masui, R. M. Farrell, T. J. Baker, B. A. Haskell, F. Wu, S. P. DenBaars, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, “Demonstration of a semipolar (1013) InGaN∕GaN green light emitting diode, ” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(23), 231110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hsueh, H.-T.

C.-F. Lai, J.-Y. Chi, H.-H. Yen, H.-C. Kuo, C.-H. Chao, H.-T. Hsueh, J.-F. T. Wang, C.-Y. Huang, W.-Y. Yeh, “Polarized light emission from photonic crystal light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 243118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C.-Y.

C.-F. Lai, J.-Y. Chi, H.-H. Yen, H.-C. Kuo, C.-H. Chao, H.-T. Hsueh, J.-F. T. Wang, C.-Y. Huang, W.-Y. Yeh, “Polarized light emission from photonic crystal light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 243118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jacques, S. L.

J. C. Ramella-Roman, K. Lee, S. A. Prahl, S. L. Jacques, “Polarized light imaging white a hand-held camera,” Proc. SPIE 5068, 284–293 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Keller, S.

T. Koyama, T. Onuma, H. Masui, A. Chakraborty, B. A. Haskell, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, S. P. Denbaars, T. Sota, S. F. Chichibu, “Prospective emission efficiency and in-plane light polarization of nonpolar m-plane InxGa1-xN/GaN blue light emitting diodes fabricated on freestanding GaN substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 091906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. C.

N. F. Gardner, J. C. Kim, J. J. Wierer, Y. C. Shen, M. R. Krames, “Polarization anisotropy in the electroluminescence of m-plane InGaN-GaN multiple-quantum-well light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(11), 111101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. K.

Kim, S. H.

S. H. Kim, J.-D. Park, K.-D. Lee, “Fabrication of a nano-wire grid polarizer for brightness enhancement in liquid crystal display,” Nanotechnology 17(17), 4436–4438 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kley, E.-B.

T. Weber, H.-J. Fuchs, H. Schmidt, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, “Wire-grid polarizer for the UV spectral region,” Proc. SPIE 7205, 720504, 720504-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Koyama, T.

T. Koyama, T. Onuma, H. Masui, A. Chakraborty, B. A. Haskell, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, S. P. Denbaars, T. Sota, S. F. Chichibu, “Prospective emission efficiency and in-plane light polarization of nonpolar m-plane InxGa1-xN/GaN blue light emitting diodes fabricated on freestanding GaN substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 091906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Krames, M. R.

N. F. Gardner, J. C. Kim, J. J. Wierer, Y. C. Shen, M. R. Krames, “Polarization anisotropy in the electroluminescence of m-plane InGaN-GaN multiple-quantum-well light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(11), 111101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, H.-C.

C.-F. Lai, J.-Y. Chi, H.-H. Yen, H.-C. Kuo, C.-H. Chao, H.-T. Hsueh, J.-F. T. Wang, C.-Y. Huang, W.-Y. Yeh, “Polarized light emission from photonic crystal light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 243118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lai, C.-F.

C.-F. Lai, J.-Y. Chi, H.-H. Yen, H.-C. Kuo, C.-H. Chao, H.-T. Hsueh, J.-F. T. Wang, C.-Y. Huang, W.-Y. Yeh, “Polarized light emission from photonic crystal light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 243118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.

J. C. Ramella-Roman, K. Lee, S. A. Prahl, S. L. Jacques, “Polarized light imaging white a hand-held camera,” Proc. SPIE 5068, 284–293 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.-D.

S. H. Kim, J.-D. Park, K.-D. Lee, “Fabrication of a nano-wire grid polarizer for brightness enhancement in liquid crystal display,” Nanotechnology 17(17), 4436–4438 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y.-H.

J. R. Oh, S.-H. Cho, Y.-H. Lee, Y. R. Do, “Lowering color temperature of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ white light emitting diodes using reddish light-recycling filter,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 13(1), J5–J17 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Oh, S.-H. Cho, Y.-H. Lee, Y. R. Do, “Enhanced forward efficiency of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ phosphor from white light-emitting diodes using blue-pass yellow-reflection filter,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7450–7457 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Masui, H.

T. Koyama, T. Onuma, H. Masui, A. Chakraborty, B. A. Haskell, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, S. P. Denbaars, T. Sota, S. F. Chichibu, “Prospective emission efficiency and in-plane light polarization of nonpolar m-plane InxGa1-xN/GaN blue light emitting diodes fabricated on freestanding GaN substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 091906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Sharma, P. M. Pattison, H. Masui, R. M. Farrell, T. J. Baker, B. A. Haskell, F. Wu, S. P. DenBaars, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, “Demonstration of a semipolar (1013) InGaN∕GaN green light emitting diode, ” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(23), 231110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mishra, U. K.

T. Koyama, T. Onuma, H. Masui, A. Chakraborty, B. A. Haskell, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, S. P. Denbaars, T. Sota, S. F. Chichibu, “Prospective emission efficiency and in-plane light polarization of nonpolar m-plane InxGa1-xN/GaN blue light emitting diodes fabricated on freestanding GaN substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 091906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, S.

T. Koyama, T. Onuma, H. Masui, A. Chakraborty, B. A. Haskell, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, S. P. Denbaars, T. Sota, S. F. Chichibu, “Prospective emission efficiency and in-plane light polarization of nonpolar m-plane InxGa1-xN/GaN blue light emitting diodes fabricated on freestanding GaN substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 091906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Sharma, P. M. Pattison, H. Masui, R. M. Farrell, T. J. Baker, B. A. Haskell, F. Wu, S. P. DenBaars, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, “Demonstration of a semipolar (1013) InGaN∕GaN green light emitting diode, ” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(23), 231110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Noemaun, A.

Oh, J. R.

J. R. Oh, S.-H. Cho, Y.-H. Lee, Y. R. Do, “Lowering color temperature of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ white light emitting diodes using reddish light-recycling filter,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 13(1), J5–J17 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Oh, S.-H. Cho, Y.-H. Lee, Y. R. Do, “Enhanced forward efficiency of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ phosphor from white light-emitting diodes using blue-pass yellow-reflection filter,” Opt. Express 17(9), 7450–7457 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Onuma, T.

T. Koyama, T. Onuma, H. Masui, A. Chakraborty, B. A. Haskell, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, S. P. Denbaars, T. Sota, S. F. Chichibu, “Prospective emission efficiency and in-plane light polarization of nonpolar m-plane InxGa1-xN/GaN blue light emitting diodes fabricated on freestanding GaN substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 091906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, J.-D.

S. H. Kim, J.-D. Park, K.-D. Lee, “Fabrication of a nano-wire grid polarizer for brightness enhancement in liquid crystal display,” Nanotechnology 17(17), 4436–4438 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pattison, P. M.

R. Sharma, P. M. Pattison, H. Masui, R. M. Farrell, T. J. Baker, B. A. Haskell, F. Wu, S. P. DenBaars, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, “Demonstration of a semipolar (1013) InGaN∕GaN green light emitting diode, ” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(23), 231110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Paulus, M. J.

J. S. Baba, S. S. Gleason, J. S. Goddard, M. J. Paulus, “Application of polarization for optical motion-registered SPECT functional imaging of tumors in mice,” Proc. SPIE 5702, 97–103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Prahl, S. A.

J. C. Ramella-Roman, K. Lee, S. A. Prahl, S. L. Jacques, “Polarized light imaging white a hand-held camera,” Proc. SPIE 5068, 284–293 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ramella-Roman, J. C.

J. C. Ramella-Roman, K. Lee, S. A. Prahl, S. L. Jacques, “Polarized light imaging white a hand-held camera,” Proc. SPIE 5068, 284–293 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, H.

T. Weber, H.-J. Fuchs, H. Schmidt, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, “Wire-grid polarizer for the UV spectral region,” Proc. SPIE 7205, 720504, 720504-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schubert, E. F.

Schubert, M. F.

Sharma, R.

R. Sharma, P. M. Pattison, H. Masui, R. M. Farrell, T. J. Baker, B. A. Haskell, F. Wu, S. P. DenBaars, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, “Demonstration of a semipolar (1013) InGaN∕GaN green light emitting diode, ” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(23), 231110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. C.

N. F. Gardner, J. C. Kim, J. J. Wierer, Y. C. Shen, M. R. Krames, “Polarization anisotropy in the electroluminescence of m-plane InGaN-GaN multiple-quantum-well light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(11), 111101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shieh, H.-P. D.

Sone, C.

Sota, T.

T. Koyama, T. Onuma, H. Masui, A. Chakraborty, B. A. Haskell, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, S. P. Denbaars, T. Sota, S. F. Chichibu, “Prospective emission efficiency and in-plane light polarization of nonpolar m-plane InxGa1-xN/GaN blue light emitting diodes fabricated on freestanding GaN substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 091906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Speck, J. S.

T. Koyama, T. Onuma, H. Masui, A. Chakraborty, B. A. Haskell, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, S. P. Denbaars, T. Sota, S. F. Chichibu, “Prospective emission efficiency and in-plane light polarization of nonpolar m-plane InxGa1-xN/GaN blue light emitting diodes fabricated on freestanding GaN substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 091906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Sharma, P. M. Pattison, H. Masui, R. M. Farrell, T. J. Baker, B. A. Haskell, F. Wu, S. P. DenBaars, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, “Demonstration of a semipolar (1013) InGaN∕GaN green light emitting diode, ” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(23), 231110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

T. Weber, H.-J. Fuchs, H. Schmidt, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, “Wire-grid polarizer for the UV spectral region,” Proc. SPIE 7205, 720504, 720504-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.-F. T.

C.-F. Lai, J.-Y. Chi, H.-H. Yen, H.-C. Kuo, C.-H. Chao, H.-T. Hsueh, J.-F. T. Wang, C.-Y. Huang, W.-Y. Yeh, “Polarized light emission from photonic crystal light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 243118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Weber, T.

T. Weber, H.-J. Fuchs, H. Schmidt, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, “Wire-grid polarizer for the UV spectral region,” Proc. SPIE 7205, 720504, 720504-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wierer, J. J.

N. F. Gardner, J. C. Kim, J. J. Wierer, Y. C. Shen, M. R. Krames, “Polarization anisotropy in the electroluminescence of m-plane InGaN-GaN multiple-quantum-well light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(11), 111101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wu, F.

R. Sharma, P. M. Pattison, H. Masui, R. M. Farrell, T. J. Baker, B. A. Haskell, F. Wu, S. P. DenBaars, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, “Demonstration of a semipolar (1013) InGaN∕GaN green light emitting diode, ” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(23), 231110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S.-T.

Z. Ge, S.-T. Wu, “Nanowire grid polarizer for energy efficient and wide-view liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 121104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, W.-Y.

C.-F. Lai, J.-Y. Chi, H.-H. Yen, H.-C. Kuo, C.-H. Chao, H.-T. Hsueh, J.-F. T. Wang, C.-Y. Huang, W.-Y. Yeh, “Polarized light emission from photonic crystal light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 243118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yen, H.-H.

C.-F. Lai, J.-Y. Chi, H.-H. Yen, H.-C. Kuo, C.-H. Chao, H.-T. Hsueh, J.-F. T. Wang, C.-Y. Huang, W.-Y. Yeh, “Polarized light emission from photonic crystal light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 243118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

C.-F. Lai, J.-Y. Chi, H.-H. Yen, H.-C. Kuo, C.-H. Chao, H.-T. Hsueh, J.-F. T. Wang, C.-Y. Huang, W.-Y. Yeh, “Polarized light emission from photonic crystal light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(24), 243118 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, S.-T. Wu, “Nanowire grid polarizer for energy efficient and wide-view liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(12), 121104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. F. Gardner, J. C. Kim, J. J. Wierer, Y. C. Shen, M. R. Krames, “Polarization anisotropy in the electroluminescence of m-plane InGaN-GaN multiple-quantum-well light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(11), 111101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Koyama, T. Onuma, H. Masui, A. Chakraborty, B. A. Haskell, S. Keller, U. K. Mishra, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, S. P. Denbaars, T. Sota, S. F. Chichibu, “Prospective emission efficiency and in-plane light polarization of nonpolar m-plane InxGa1-xN/GaN blue light emitting diodes fabricated on freestanding GaN substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 091906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Sharma, P. M. Pattison, H. Masui, R. M. Farrell, T. J. Baker, B. A. Haskell, F. Wu, S. P. DenBaars, J. S. Speck, S. Nakamura, “Demonstration of a semipolar (1013) InGaN∕GaN green light emitting diode, ” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(23), 231110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Electrochem. Solid-State Lett.

J. R. Oh, S.-H. Cho, Y.-H. Lee, Y. R. Do, “Lowering color temperature of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ white light emitting diodes using reddish light-recycling filter,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. 13(1), J5–J17 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nanotechnology

S. H. Kim, J.-D. Park, K.-D. Lee, “Fabrication of a nano-wire grid polarizer for brightness enhancement in liquid crystal display,” Nanotechnology 17(17), 4436–4438 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Proc. SPIE

J. C. Ramella-Roman, K. Lee, S. A. Prahl, S. L. Jacques, “Polarized light imaging white a hand-held camera,” Proc. SPIE 5068, 284–293 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Baba, S. S. Gleason, J. S. Goddard, M. J. Paulus, “Application of polarization for optical motion-registered SPECT functional imaging of tumors in mice,” Proc. SPIE 5702, 97–103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Weber, H.-J. Fuchs, H. Schmidt, E.-B. Kley, A. Tünnermann, “Wire-grid polarizer for the UV spectral region,” Proc. SPIE 7205, 720504, 720504-8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other

M. Schiel, “Remote-phosphor technology can deliver a more uniform and attractive light output from LED lamps,” LEDs magazine, September, (2012).

R. Otte, L. P. de Joung, and A. H. M. van Roermund, Low-Power Wireless Infrared Communications (Kluwer, Academic, 1999).

P. Yeh and C. Gu, Optics of Liquid Crystal Displays (John Wiley, Canada, Academic, 1999).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagrams of (a) an actual lighting fixture featuring remote-phosphor, and (b) the RPF/SPDF-sandwiched remote-phosphor.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmittance spectra of SPDF (blue line) and RPF (red line) (Black line spectrum; the normalized emission spectrum of a yellow phosphor film on a blue LED).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic diagrams and photographs of four pc-LED configurations with differently designed remote-phosphor layers (a) conventional, (b) RPF-capped, (c) SPDF-inserted, and (d) RPF/SPDF-sandwiched remote-phosphor layer. (The arrow with a two-sided arrow indicates p-polarization light, an arrow with a dot indicates s-polarization light, and both (a two-sided arrow and dot) indicate unpolarized light.)

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The EL spectra of four different types of remote phosphor films on blue LED: (a) conventional and SPDF-inserted and (b) RPF-capped and RPF/SPDF-sandwiched phosphor layer.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Four different types of remote phosphor films on blue LEDs: conventional, RPF-capped, SPDF-inserted, and RPF/SPDF-sandwiched phosphor layer (a) the relative luminous flux, (b) the conversion efficiency, (c) the CIE color coordinates, and (d) the correlated color temperature (CCT).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The CCT distribution of four samples (conventional, RPF-capped, SPDF-inserted, and RPF/SPDF-sandwiched, remote phosphor white LED) as a function of viewing angle.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Schematic diagram of the polarizer-rotating measurement system, and (b) the relative yellow intensity (at 565nm) of four different types of remote phosphor films on blue LEDs: conventional, RPF-capped, SPDF-inserted, and RPF/SPDF-sandwiched phosphor layer.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

EL spectra of cases with and without polarizer (a) RPF-capped, and (b) RPF/SPDF-sandwiched phosphor layer.

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