Abstract

A design of cladding waveguides in Nd:YCOB nonlinear crystals is demonstrated in this work. Compact Fabry-Perot oscillation cavities are employed for waveguide laser generation at 1062 nm and self-frequency-doubling at 531 nm, under optical pump at 810 nm. The waveguide laser shows slope efficiency as high as 55% at 1062 nm. The SFD green waveguide laser emits at 531 nm with a maximum power of 100 μW.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. A. Singh, P. K. Mukhopadhyay, S. K. Sharma, K. Ranganathan, and S. M. Oak, “82 W continuous-wave green beam generation by intracavity frequency doubling of diode-side-pumped Nd:YAG Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.47(3), 398–405 (2011).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

2012 (4)

Y. Y. Ren, Y. C. Jia, N. N. Dong, L. L. Pang, Z. G. Wang, Q. M. Lu, and F. Chen, “Guided-wave second harmonics in Nd:YCOB optical waveguides for integrated green lasers,” Opt. Lett.37(2), 244–246 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Chen, “Micro- and submicrometric waveguiding structures in optical crystals produced by ion beams for photonic applications,” Laser Photon. Rev.6(5), 622–640 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Dong, F. Chen, and J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, “Efficient second harmonic generation by birefringent phase matching in femtosecond laser inscribed KTP cladding waveguides,” Phys. Status Solidi: RRL6(7), 306–308 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jia, J. R. V. Aldana, C. Romero, Y. Ren, Q. Lu, and F. Chen, “Femtosecond-laser-inscribed BiB3O6 nonlinear cladding waveguide for second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Express5(7), 072701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (7)

S. F. Wang and L. F. Sang, “Diode-pumped Nd:YCOB self-frequency-doubling green laser at 530 nm,” Laser Phys.21(8), 1347–1349 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Grivas, “Optically pumped planar waveguide lasers, Part I: Fundamentals and fabrication techniques,” Prog. Quantum Electron.35(6), 159–239 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Singh, P. K. Mukhopadhyay, S. K. Sharma, K. Ranganathan, and S. M. Oak, “82 W continuous-wave green beam generation by intracavity frequency doubling of diode-side-pumped Nd:YAG Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.47(3), 398–405 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Dong, Y. Tan, A. Benayas, J. Vázquez de Aldana, D. Jaque, C. Romero, F. Chen, and Q. Lu, “Femtosecond laser writing of multifunctional optical waveguides in a Nd:YVO4 + KTP hybrid system,” Opt. Lett.36(6), 975–977 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Rodenas and A. K. Kar, “High-contrast step-index waveguides in borate nonlinear laser crystals by 3D laser writing,” Opt. Express19(18), 17820–17833 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Y. Ren, N. N. Dong, Y. C. Jia, L. L. Pang, Z. G. Wang, Q. M. Lu, and F. Chen, “Efficient laser emissions at 1.06 μm of swift heavy ion irradiated Nd:YCOB waveguides,” Opt. Lett.36(23), 4521–4523 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. N. Dong, J. Martínez de Mendivil, E. Cantelar, G. Lifante, J. Vázquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, F. Chen, and D. Jaque, “Self-frequency-doubling of ultrafast laser inscribed neodymium doped yttrium aluminum borate waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(18), 181103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. V. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photon. Rev.4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2005 (1)

2002 (1)

K. M. Wang, H. Hu, F. Chen, F. Lu, B. R. Shi, D. Y. Shen, Y. G. Liu, J. Y. Wang, and Q. M. Lu, “Refractive index profiles in YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 waveguides created by MeV He ions,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B191(1-4), 789–793 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

M. Fujimura, T. Kodama, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, “Quasi-phase-matched self-frequency-doubling waveguide laser in Nd:LiNbO3,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12(11), 1513–1515 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammons, L. Shah, Q. Ye, R. E. Peale, M. Richardson, and B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped self-frequency doubling in a Nd3+:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(14), 1954–1956 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Q. Ye and B. H. T. Chai, “Crystal growth of YCa4O(BO3)3 and its orientation,” J. Cryst. Growth197(1-2), 228–235 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

Q. He, M. P. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, F. Armani, D. Delacourt, C. Grezes-Besset, and E. Pelletier, “Self-frequency-doubled high Δn proton exchange Nd:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun.89(1), 54–58 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Aldana, J. R. V.

Y. Jia, J. R. V. Aldana, C. Romero, Y. Ren, Q. Lu, and F. Chen, “Femtosecond-laser-inscribed BiB3O6 nonlinear cladding waveguide for second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Express5(7), 072701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Armani, F.

Q. He, M. P. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, F. Armani, D. Delacourt, C. Grezes-Besset, and E. Pelletier, “Self-frequency-doubled high Δn proton exchange Nd:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun.89(1), 54–58 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Benayas, A.

Buchvarov, I.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. V. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photon. Rev.4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cantelar, E.

N. N. Dong, J. Martínez de Mendivil, E. Cantelar, G. Lifante, J. Vázquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, F. Chen, and D. Jaque, “Self-frequency-doubling of ultrafast laser inscribed neodymium doped yttrium aluminum borate waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(18), 181103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chai, B. H. T.

J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammons, L. Shah, Q. Ye, R. E. Peale, M. Richardson, and B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped self-frequency doubling in a Nd3+:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(14), 1954–1956 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Q. Ye and B. H. T. Chai, “Crystal growth of YCa4O(BO3)3 and its orientation,” J. Cryst. Growth197(1-2), 228–235 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, F.

H. Liu, Y. Jia, F. Chen, and J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, “Continuous wave laser operation in Nd:GGG depressed tubular cladding waveguides produced by inscription of femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Mater. Express3(2), 278–283 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jia, J. R. V. Aldana, C. Romero, Y. Ren, Q. Lu, and F. Chen, “Femtosecond-laser-inscribed BiB3O6 nonlinear cladding waveguide for second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Express5(7), 072701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Dong, F. Chen, and J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, “Efficient second harmonic generation by birefringent phase matching in femtosecond laser inscribed KTP cladding waveguides,” Phys. Status Solidi: RRL6(7), 306–308 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Chen, “Micro- and submicrometric waveguiding structures in optical crystals produced by ion beams for photonic applications,” Laser Photon. Rev.6(5), 622–640 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Y. Ren, Y. C. Jia, N. N. Dong, L. L. Pang, Z. G. Wang, Q. M. Lu, and F. Chen, “Guided-wave second harmonics in Nd:YCOB optical waveguides for integrated green lasers,” Opt. Lett.37(2), 244–246 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Y. Ren, N. N. Dong, Y. C. Jia, L. L. Pang, Z. G. Wang, Q. M. Lu, and F. Chen, “Efficient laser emissions at 1.06 μm of swift heavy ion irradiated Nd:YCOB waveguides,” Opt. Lett.36(23), 4521–4523 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Dong, Y. Tan, A. Benayas, J. Vázquez de Aldana, D. Jaque, C. Romero, F. Chen, and Q. Lu, “Femtosecond laser writing of multifunctional optical waveguides in a Nd:YVO4 + KTP hybrid system,” Opt. Lett.36(6), 975–977 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. N. Dong, J. Martínez de Mendivil, E. Cantelar, G. Lifante, J. Vázquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, F. Chen, and D. Jaque, “Self-frequency-doubling of ultrafast laser inscribed neodymium doped yttrium aluminum borate waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(18), 181103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Wang, H. Hu, F. Chen, F. Lu, B. R. Shi, D. Y. Shen, Y. G. Liu, J. Y. Wang, and Q. M. Lu, “Refractive index profiles in YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 waveguides created by MeV He ions,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B191(1-4), 789–793 (2002).
[CrossRef]

De Micheli, M. P.

Q. He, M. P. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, F. Armani, D. Delacourt, C. Grezes-Besset, and E. Pelletier, “Self-frequency-doubled high Δn proton exchange Nd:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun.89(1), 54–58 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Delacourt, D.

Q. He, M. P. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, F. Armani, D. Delacourt, C. Grezes-Besset, and E. Pelletier, “Self-frequency-doubled high Δn proton exchange Nd:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun.89(1), 54–58 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dong, N.

Dong, N. N.

Y. Y. Ren, Y. C. Jia, N. N. Dong, L. L. Pang, Z. G. Wang, Q. M. Lu, and F. Chen, “Guided-wave second harmonics in Nd:YCOB optical waveguides for integrated green lasers,” Opt. Lett.37(2), 244–246 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. N. Dong, F. Chen, and J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, “Efficient second harmonic generation by birefringent phase matching in femtosecond laser inscribed KTP cladding waveguides,” Phys. Status Solidi: RRL6(7), 306–308 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Dong, J. Martínez de Mendivil, E. Cantelar, G. Lifante, J. Vázquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, F. Chen, and D. Jaque, “Self-frequency-doubling of ultrafast laser inscribed neodymium doped yttrium aluminum borate waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(18), 181103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Y. Ren, N. N. Dong, Y. C. Jia, L. L. Pang, Z. G. Wang, Q. M. Lu, and F. Chen, “Efficient laser emissions at 1.06 μm of swift heavy ion irradiated Nd:YCOB waveguides,” Opt. Lett.36(23), 4521–4523 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebrahim-Zadeh, M.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. V. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photon. Rev.4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eichenholz, J. M.

J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammons, L. Shah, Q. Ye, R. E. Peale, M. Richardson, and B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped self-frequency doubling in a Nd3+:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(14), 1954–1956 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Esteban-Martin, A.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. V. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photon. Rev.4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fujimura, M.

M. Fujimura, T. Kodama, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, “Quasi-phase-matched self-frequency-doubling waveguide laser in Nd:LiNbO3,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12(11), 1513–1515 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gaydardzhiev, A.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. V. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photon. Rev.4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ghotbi, M.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. V. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photon. Rev.4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Grezes-Besset, C.

Q. He, M. P. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, F. Armani, D. Delacourt, C. Grezes-Besset, and E. Pelletier, “Self-frequency-doubled high Δn proton exchange Nd:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun.89(1), 54–58 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Grivas, C.

C. Grivas, “Optically pumped planar waveguide lasers, Part I: Fundamentals and fabrication techniques,” Prog. Quantum Electron.35(6), 159–239 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hammons, D. A.

J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammons, L. Shah, Q. Ye, R. E. Peale, M. Richardson, and B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped self-frequency doubling in a Nd3+:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(14), 1954–1956 (1999).
[CrossRef]

He, Q.

Q. He, M. P. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, F. Armani, D. Delacourt, C. Grezes-Besset, and E. Pelletier, “Self-frequency-doubled high Δn proton exchange Nd:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun.89(1), 54–58 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hu, H.

K. M. Wang, H. Hu, F. Chen, F. Lu, B. R. Shi, D. Y. Shen, Y. G. Liu, J. Y. Wang, and Q. M. Lu, “Refractive index profiles in YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 waveguides created by MeV He ions,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B191(1-4), 789–793 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jaque, D.

N. Dong, Y. Tan, A. Benayas, J. Vázquez de Aldana, D. Jaque, C. Romero, F. Chen, and Q. Lu, “Femtosecond laser writing of multifunctional optical waveguides in a Nd:YVO4 + KTP hybrid system,” Opt. Lett.36(6), 975–977 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. N. Dong, J. Martínez de Mendivil, E. Cantelar, G. Lifante, J. Vázquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, F. Chen, and D. Jaque, “Self-frequency-doubling of ultrafast laser inscribed neodymium doped yttrium aluminum borate waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(18), 181103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Y.

H. Liu, Y. Jia, F. Chen, and J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, “Continuous wave laser operation in Nd:GGG depressed tubular cladding waveguides produced by inscription of femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Mater. Express3(2), 278–283 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jia, J. R. V. Aldana, C. Romero, Y. Ren, Q. Lu, and F. Chen, “Femtosecond-laser-inscribed BiB3O6 nonlinear cladding waveguide for second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Express5(7), 072701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Y. C.

Kar, A. K.

Khrushchev, I.

Kityk, I. V.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. V. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photon. Rev.4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kivshar, Y. S.

Kodama, T.

M. Fujimura, T. Kodama, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, “Quasi-phase-matched self-frequency-doubling waveguide laser in Nd:LiNbO3,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12(11), 1513–1515 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kokabee, O.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. V. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photon. Rev.4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lallier, E.

Q. He, M. P. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, F. Armani, D. Delacourt, C. Grezes-Besset, and E. Pelletier, “Self-frequency-doubled high Δn proton exchange Nd:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun.89(1), 54–58 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lifante, G.

N. N. Dong, J. Martínez de Mendivil, E. Cantelar, G. Lifante, J. Vázquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, F. Chen, and D. Jaque, “Self-frequency-doubling of ultrafast laser inscribed neodymium doped yttrium aluminum borate waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(18), 181103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.

Liu, Y. G.

K. M. Wang, H. Hu, F. Chen, F. Lu, B. R. Shi, D. Y. Shen, Y. G. Liu, J. Y. Wang, and Q. M. Lu, “Refractive index profiles in YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 waveguides created by MeV He ions,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B191(1-4), 789–793 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lu, F.

K. M. Wang, H. Hu, F. Chen, F. Lu, B. R. Shi, D. Y. Shen, Y. G. Liu, J. Y. Wang, and Q. M. Lu, “Refractive index profiles in YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 waveguides created by MeV He ions,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B191(1-4), 789–793 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Q.

Y. Jia, J. R. V. Aldana, C. Romero, Y. Ren, Q. Lu, and F. Chen, “Femtosecond-laser-inscribed BiB3O6 nonlinear cladding waveguide for second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Express5(7), 072701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Dong, Y. Tan, A. Benayas, J. Vázquez de Aldana, D. Jaque, C. Romero, F. Chen, and Q. Lu, “Femtosecond laser writing of multifunctional optical waveguides in a Nd:YVO4 + KTP hybrid system,” Opt. Lett.36(6), 975–977 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, Q. M.

Majchrowski, A.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. V. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photon. Rev.4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Martínez de Mendivil, J.

N. N. Dong, J. Martínez de Mendivil, E. Cantelar, G. Lifante, J. Vázquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, F. Chen, and D. Jaque, “Self-frequency-doubling of ultrafast laser inscribed neodymium doped yttrium aluminum borate waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(18), 181103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Michalski, E.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. V. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photon. Rev.4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, J.

Miyata, K.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. V. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photon. Rev.4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mukhopadhyay, P. K.

A. Singh, P. K. Mukhopadhyay, S. K. Sharma, K. Ranganathan, and S. M. Oak, “82 W continuous-wave green beam generation by intracavity frequency doubling of diode-side-pumped Nd:YAG Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.47(3), 398–405 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nikolov, I.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. V. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photon. Rev.4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nishihara, H.

M. Fujimura, T. Kodama, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, “Quasi-phase-matched self-frequency-doubling waveguide laser in Nd:LiNbO3,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12(11), 1513–1515 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Noack, F.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. V. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photon. Rev.4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Oak, S. M.

A. Singh, P. K. Mukhopadhyay, S. K. Sharma, K. Ranganathan, and S. M. Oak, “82 W continuous-wave green beam generation by intracavity frequency doubling of diode-side-pumped Nd:YAG Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.47(3), 398–405 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Okhrimchuk, A. G.

Ostrowsky, D. B.

Q. He, M. P. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, F. Armani, D. Delacourt, C. Grezes-Besset, and E. Pelletier, “Self-frequency-doubled high Δn proton exchange Nd:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun.89(1), 54–58 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Pang, L. L.

Papuchon, M.

Q. He, M. P. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, F. Armani, D. Delacourt, C. Grezes-Besset, and E. Pelletier, “Self-frequency-doubled high Δn proton exchange Nd:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun.89(1), 54–58 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Peale, R. E.

J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammons, L. Shah, Q. Ye, R. E. Peale, M. Richardson, and B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped self-frequency doubling in a Nd3+:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(14), 1954–1956 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pelletier, E.

Q. He, M. P. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, F. Armani, D. Delacourt, C. Grezes-Besset, and E. Pelletier, “Self-frequency-doubled high Δn proton exchange Nd:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun.89(1), 54–58 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. V. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photon. Rev.4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pocholle, J. P.

Q. He, M. P. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, F. Armani, D. Delacourt, C. Grezes-Besset, and E. Pelletier, “Self-frequency-doubled high Δn proton exchange Nd:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun.89(1), 54–58 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ranganathan, K.

A. Singh, P. K. Mukhopadhyay, S. K. Sharma, K. Ranganathan, and S. M. Oak, “82 W continuous-wave green beam generation by intracavity frequency doubling of diode-side-pumped Nd:YAG Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.47(3), 398–405 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ren, Y.

Y. Jia, J. R. V. Aldana, C. Romero, Y. Ren, Q. Lu, and F. Chen, “Femtosecond-laser-inscribed BiB3O6 nonlinear cladding waveguide for second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Express5(7), 072701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ren, Y. Y.

Richardson, M.

J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammons, L. Shah, Q. Ye, R. E. Peale, M. Richardson, and B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped self-frequency doubling in a Nd3+:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(14), 1954–1956 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rodenas, A.

Romero, C.

Y. Jia, J. R. V. Aldana, C. Romero, Y. Ren, Q. Lu, and F. Chen, “Femtosecond-laser-inscribed BiB3O6 nonlinear cladding waveguide for second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Express5(7), 072701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Dong, Y. Tan, A. Benayas, J. Vázquez de Aldana, D. Jaque, C. Romero, F. Chen, and Q. Lu, “Femtosecond laser writing of multifunctional optical waveguides in a Nd:YVO4 + KTP hybrid system,” Opt. Lett.36(6), 975–977 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rotermund, F.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. V. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photon. Rev.4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sang, L. F.

S. F. Wang and L. F. Sang, “Diode-pumped Nd:YCOB self-frequency-doubling green laser at 530 nm,” Laser Phys.21(8), 1347–1349 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shah, L.

J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammons, L. Shah, Q. Ye, R. E. Peale, M. Richardson, and B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped self-frequency doubling in a Nd3+:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(14), 1954–1956 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, S. K.

A. Singh, P. K. Mukhopadhyay, S. K. Sharma, K. Ranganathan, and S. M. Oak, “82 W continuous-wave green beam generation by intracavity frequency doubling of diode-side-pumped Nd:YAG Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.47(3), 398–405 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shen, D. Y.

K. M. Wang, H. Hu, F. Chen, F. Lu, B. R. Shi, D. Y. Shen, Y. G. Liu, J. Y. Wang, and Q. M. Lu, “Refractive index profiles in YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 waveguides created by MeV He ions,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B191(1-4), 789–793 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shestakov, A. V.

Shi, B. R.

K. M. Wang, H. Hu, F. Chen, F. Lu, B. R. Shi, D. Y. Shen, Y. G. Liu, J. Y. Wang, and Q. M. Lu, “Refractive index profiles in YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 waveguides created by MeV He ions,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B191(1-4), 789–793 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Singh, A.

A. Singh, P. K. Mukhopadhyay, S. K. Sharma, K. Ranganathan, and S. M. Oak, “82 W continuous-wave green beam generation by intracavity frequency doubling of diode-side-pumped Nd:YAG Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.47(3), 398–405 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Suhara, T.

M. Fujimura, T. Kodama, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, “Quasi-phase-matched self-frequency-doubling waveguide laser in Nd:LiNbO3,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12(11), 1513–1515 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tan, Y.

Torchia, G. A.

N. N. Dong, J. Martínez de Mendivil, E. Cantelar, G. Lifante, J. Vázquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, F. Chen, and D. Jaque, “Self-frequency-doubling of ultrafast laser inscribed neodymium doped yttrium aluminum borate waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(18), 181103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tzankov, P.

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. V. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photon. Rev.4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vázquez de Aldana, J.

N. Dong, Y. Tan, A. Benayas, J. Vázquez de Aldana, D. Jaque, C. Romero, F. Chen, and Q. Lu, “Femtosecond laser writing of multifunctional optical waveguides in a Nd:YVO4 + KTP hybrid system,” Opt. Lett.36(6), 975–977 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. N. Dong, J. Martínez de Mendivil, E. Cantelar, G. Lifante, J. Vázquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, F. Chen, and D. Jaque, “Self-frequency-doubling of ultrafast laser inscribed neodymium doped yttrium aluminum borate waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(18), 181103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Vázquez de Aldana, J. R.

H. Liu, Y. Jia, F. Chen, and J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, “Continuous wave laser operation in Nd:GGG depressed tubular cladding waveguides produced by inscription of femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Mater. Express3(2), 278–283 (2013).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Dong, F. Chen, and J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, “Efficient second harmonic generation by birefringent phase matching in femtosecond laser inscribed KTP cladding waveguides,” Phys. Status Solidi: RRL6(7), 306–308 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. Y.

K. M. Wang, H. Hu, F. Chen, F. Lu, B. R. Shi, D. Y. Shen, Y. G. Liu, J. Y. Wang, and Q. M. Lu, “Refractive index profiles in YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 waveguides created by MeV He ions,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B191(1-4), 789–793 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, K. M.

K. M. Wang, H. Hu, F. Chen, F. Lu, B. R. Shi, D. Y. Shen, Y. G. Liu, J. Y. Wang, and Q. M. Lu, “Refractive index profiles in YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 waveguides created by MeV He ions,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B191(1-4), 789–793 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. F.

S. F. Wang and L. F. Sang, “Diode-pumped Nd:YCOB self-frequency-doubling green laser at 530 nm,” Laser Phys.21(8), 1347–1349 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. G.

Ye, Q.

Q. Ye and B. H. T. Chai, “Crystal growth of YCa4O(BO3)3 and its orientation,” J. Cryst. Growth197(1-2), 228–235 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammons, L. Shah, Q. Ye, R. E. Peale, M. Richardson, and B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped self-frequency doubling in a Nd3+:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(14), 1954–1956 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

Y. Jia, J. R. V. Aldana, C. Romero, Y. Ren, Q. Lu, and F. Chen, “Femtosecond-laser-inscribed BiB3O6 nonlinear cladding waveguide for second-harmonic generation,” Appl. Phys. Express5(7), 072701 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

N. N. Dong, J. Martínez de Mendivil, E. Cantelar, G. Lifante, J. Vázquez de Aldana, G. A. Torchia, F. Chen, and D. Jaque, “Self-frequency-doubling of ultrafast laser inscribed neodymium doped yttrium aluminum borate waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(18), 181103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammons, L. Shah, Q. Ye, R. E. Peale, M. Richardson, and B. H. T. Chai, “Diode-pumped self-frequency doubling in a Nd3+:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(14), 1954–1956 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Singh, P. K. Mukhopadhyay, S. K. Sharma, K. Ranganathan, and S. M. Oak, “82 W continuous-wave green beam generation by intracavity frequency doubling of diode-side-pumped Nd:YAG Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.47(3), 398–405 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Fujimura, T. Kodama, T. Suhara, and H. Nishihara, “Quasi-phase-matched self-frequency-doubling waveguide laser in Nd:LiNbO3,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12(11), 1513–1515 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

Q. Ye and B. H. T. Chai, “Crystal growth of YCa4O(BO3)3 and its orientation,” J. Cryst. Growth197(1-2), 228–235 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Laser Photon. Rev. (2)

V. Petrov, M. Ghotbi, O. Kokabee, A. Esteban-Martin, F. Noack, A. Gaydardzhiev, I. Nikolov, P. Tzankov, I. Buchvarov, K. Miyata, A. Majchrowski, I. V. Kityk, F. Rotermund, E. Michalski, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Femtosecond nonlinear frequency conversion based on BiB3O6,” Laser Photon. Rev.4(1), 53–98 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Chen, “Micro- and submicrometric waveguiding structures in optical crystals produced by ion beams for photonic applications,” Laser Photon. Rev.6(5), 622–640 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (1)

S. F. Wang and L. F. Sang, “Diode-pumped Nd:YCOB self-frequency-doubling green laser at 530 nm,” Laser Phys.21(8), 1347–1349 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B (1)

K. M. Wang, H. Hu, F. Chen, F. Lu, B. R. Shi, D. Y. Shen, Y. G. Liu, J. Y. Wang, and Q. M. Lu, “Refractive index profiles in YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 waveguides created by MeV He ions,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B191(1-4), 789–793 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Q. He, M. P. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, E. Lallier, J. P. Pocholle, M. Papuchon, F. Armani, D. Delacourt, C. Grezes-Besset, and E. Pelletier, “Self-frequency-doubled high Δn proton exchange Nd:LiNbO3 waveguide laser,” Opt. Commun.89(1), 54–58 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Status Solidi: RRL (1)

N. N. Dong, F. Chen, and J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, “Efficient second harmonic generation by birefringent phase matching in femtosecond laser inscribed KTP cladding waveguides,” Phys. Status Solidi: RRL6(7), 306–308 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Grivas, “Optically pumped planar waveguide lasers, Part I: Fundamentals and fabrication techniques,” Prog. Quantum Electron.35(6), 159–239 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

D. N. Nikogosyan, Nonlinear Optical Crystals: A Complete Survey (Springer, 2005).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) The schematic diagram of a cladding waveguide. The insets show the front and right views of the waveguide. (b) Refractive index profile of one cladding structure. (c) Depressed cladding structures fabricated in nonlinear Nd:YCOB crystal (end view).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) The schematic of the end-face coupling system, (b) and (c) illustrate the oscillation cavity for cladding waveguide lasing and self-frequency-doubling, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Normalized spatial intensity distribution of the pump laser, the laser emission (fundamental wave in SFD) and the green laser.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Lasing performances of cladding waveguides in Nd:YCOB. (a) Near field intensity distributions of waveguide lasers at 1062 nm. The yellow circles are the boundaries of the guiding areas. (b) Experimental results of output near-infrared laser power as a function of absorbed pump power for WG1, WG2, and WG3.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Photograph of the Fabry-Perot cavity employed for waveguide laser self-frequency-doubling experiments. W represents the green laser generation in the waveguide, which can be seen by naked eyes. (b) Mode distributions of green lasers generated from WG1, WG2 and WG3 (c) Output power of green laser obtained by SFD from WG1, WG2, and WG3.

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