Abstract

A high-performance photonic sweeping-frequency (chirped) radio-frequency (RF) generator has been demonstrated. By use of a novel wavelength sweeping distributed-feedback (DFB) laser, which is operated based on the linewidth enhancement effect, a fixed wavelength narrow-linewidth DFB laser, and a wideband (dc to 50 GHz) photodiode module for the hetero-dyne beating RF signal generation, a very clear chirped RF waveform can be captured by a fast real-time scope. A very-high frequency sweeping rate (10.3 GHz/μs) with an ultra-wide RF frequency sweeping range (~40 GHz) have been demonstrated. The high-repeatability (~97%) in sweeping frequency has been verified by analyzing tens of repetitive chirped waveforms.

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    [CrossRef]

2012

J.-W. Lin, C.-L. Lu, H.-P. Chuang, F.-M. Kuo, J.-W. Shi, C.-B. Huang, and C.-L. Pan, “Photonic generation and detection of W-band chirped millimeter-wave pulses for radar,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(16), 1437–1439 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, N.-W. Chen, S. Y. Set, C.-B. Huang, and J. E. Bowers, “Photonic generation and wireless transmission of linearly/nonlinearly continuously tunable chirped millimeter-wave waveforms with high time-bandwidth product at W-band,” IEEE J. Photonics4(1), 215–223 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

M. Li and J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of continuously tunable chirped microwave waveforms based on a temporal interferometer incorporating an optically-pumped linearly-chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.59(12), 3531–3537 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. D. Taylor, R. S. Singh, D. B. Bennett, P. Tewari, C. P. Kealey, N. Bajwa, M. O. Culjat, A. Stojadinovic, H. Lee, J.-P. Hubschman, E. R. Brown, and W. S. Grundfest, “THz medical imaging: in vivo hydration sensing,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 201–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Shi, R. Watts, D. Reid, T. N. Huynh, C. Browning, P. M. Anandarajah, F. Smyth, and L. P. Barry, “Dynamic linewidth measurement method via an optical quadrature front end,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(21), 1591–1593 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2009

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “An approach for sub-second imaging of concealed objects using terahertz (THz) radar,” J Infrared Milli. Terahertz Waves30, 1297–1307 (2009).

2008

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, E. Schlecht, J. Gill, C. Lee, A. Skalare, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Penetrating 3-D imaging at 4- and 25-m range using a submillimeter-wave radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(12), 2771–2778 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005

R. E. Saperstein, N. Alić, D. Panasenko, R. Rokitski, and Y. Fainman, “Time-domain waveform processing by chromatic dispersion for temporal shaping of optical pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B22(11), 2427–2436 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Villafranca, J. A. Lázaro, I. Salinas, and I. Garcés, “Measurement of the linewidth enhancement factor in DFB lasers using a high-resolution optical spectrum analyzer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(11), 2268–2270 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

C. S. Ruf and J. Li, “A correlated noise calibration standard for interferometric, polarimetric, and autocorrelation microwave radiometers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.41(10), 2187–2196 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

A. Y. Nashashibi, K. Sarabandi, P. Frantzis, R. D. De Roo, and F. T. Ulaby, “An ultrafast wide-band millimeter wave (MMW) polarimetric radar for remote sensing applications,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.40(8), 1777–1786 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. D. McKinney, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Millimeter-wave arbitrary waveform generation with a direct space-to-time pulse shaper,” Opt. Lett.27(15), 1345–1347 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997

Z.-F. Fan and M. Dagenais, “Optical generation of a megahertz-linewidth microwave signal using semiconductor lasers and a discriminator-aided phase-locked loop,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.45(8), 1296–1300 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

O. C. Graydon, M. N. Zervas, and R. I. Laming, “Erbium-doped-fiber optical limiting amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.13(5), 732–739 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993

A. G. Stove, “Linear FMCW radar techniques,” IEE Proc. F139, 343–350 (1993).

1979

R. J. Trew, “Design theory for broad-band YIG-tuned FET oscillators,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.27(1), 8–14 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Alic, N.

Anandarajah, P. M.

K. Shi, R. Watts, D. Reid, T. N. Huynh, C. Browning, P. M. Anandarajah, F. Smyth, and L. P. Barry, “Dynamic linewidth measurement method via an optical quadrature front end,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(21), 1591–1593 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bajwa, N.

Z. D. Taylor, R. S. Singh, D. B. Bennett, P. Tewari, C. P. Kealey, N. Bajwa, M. O. Culjat, A. Stojadinovic, H. Lee, J.-P. Hubschman, E. R. Brown, and W. S. Grundfest, “THz medical imaging: in vivo hydration sensing,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 201–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Barry, L. P.

K. Shi, R. Watts, D. Reid, T. N. Huynh, C. Browning, P. M. Anandarajah, F. Smyth, and L. P. Barry, “Dynamic linewidth measurement method via an optical quadrature front end,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(21), 1591–1593 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bennett, D. B.

Z. D. Taylor, R. S. Singh, D. B. Bennett, P. Tewari, C. P. Kealey, N. Bajwa, M. O. Culjat, A. Stojadinovic, H. Lee, J.-P. Hubschman, E. R. Brown, and W. S. Grundfest, “THz medical imaging: in vivo hydration sensing,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 201–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bhardwaj, A.

Biedermann, B. R.

Bowers, J. E.

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, N.-W. Chen, S. Y. Set, C.-B. Huang, and J. E. Bowers, “Photonic generation and wireless transmission of linearly/nonlinearly continuously tunable chirped millimeter-wave waveforms with high time-bandwidth product at W-band,” IEEE J. Photonics4(1), 215–223 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Brown, E. R.

Z. D. Taylor, R. S. Singh, D. B. Bennett, P. Tewari, C. P. Kealey, N. Bajwa, M. O. Culjat, A. Stojadinovic, H. Lee, J.-P. Hubschman, E. R. Brown, and W. S. Grundfest, “THz medical imaging: in vivo hydration sensing,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 201–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Browning, C.

K. Shi, R. Watts, D. Reid, T. N. Huynh, C. Browning, P. M. Anandarajah, F. Smyth, and L. P. Barry, “Dynamic linewidth measurement method via an optical quadrature front end,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(21), 1591–1593 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bryllert, T.

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “An approach for sub-second imaging of concealed objects using terahertz (THz) radar,” J Infrared Milli. Terahertz Waves30, 1297–1307 (2009).

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, E. Schlecht, J. Gill, C. Lee, A. Skalare, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Penetrating 3-D imaging at 4- and 25-m range using a submillimeter-wave radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(12), 2771–2778 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chattopadhyay, G.

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “An approach for sub-second imaging of concealed objects using terahertz (THz) radar,” J Infrared Milli. Terahertz Waves30, 1297–1307 (2009).

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, E. Schlecht, J. Gill, C. Lee, A. Skalare, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Penetrating 3-D imaging at 4- and 25-m range using a submillimeter-wave radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(12), 2771–2778 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, N.-W.

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, N.-W. Chen, S. Y. Set, C.-B. Huang, and J. E. Bowers, “Photonic generation and wireless transmission of linearly/nonlinearly continuously tunable chirped millimeter-wave waveforms with high time-bandwidth product at W-band,” IEEE J. Photonics4(1), 215–223 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, T. Chiueh, H.-F. Teng, H. J. Tsai, N.-W. Chen, and M.-L. Wu, “Photonic generation of millimeter-wave white-light at W-Band using a very-broad-band and high-power photonic emitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22, 847–849 (2010).

Cheung, K. K. Y.

Chiueh, T.

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, T. Chiueh, H.-F. Teng, H. J. Tsai, N.-W. Chen, and M.-L. Wu, “Photonic generation of millimeter-wave white-light at W-Band using a very-broad-band and high-power photonic emitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22, 847–849 (2010).

Chuang, H.-P.

J.-W. Lin, C.-L. Lu, H.-P. Chuang, F.-M. Kuo, J.-W. Shi, C.-B. Huang, and C.-L. Pan, “Photonic generation and detection of W-band chirped millimeter-wave pulses for radar,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(16), 1437–1439 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chui, P. C.

Coldren, L. A.

Cooper, K. B.

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “An approach for sub-second imaging of concealed objects using terahertz (THz) radar,” J Infrared Milli. Terahertz Waves30, 1297–1307 (2009).

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, E. Schlecht, J. Gill, C. Lee, A. Skalare, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Penetrating 3-D imaging at 4- and 25-m range using a submillimeter-wave radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(12), 2771–2778 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Culjat, M. O.

Z. D. Taylor, R. S. Singh, D. B. Bennett, P. Tewari, C. P. Kealey, N. Bajwa, M. O. Culjat, A. Stojadinovic, H. Lee, J.-P. Hubschman, E. R. Brown, and W. S. Grundfest, “THz medical imaging: in vivo hydration sensing,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 201–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dagenais, M.

Z.-F. Fan and M. Dagenais, “Optical generation of a megahertz-linewidth microwave signal using semiconductor lasers and a discriminator-aided phase-locked loop,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.45(8), 1296–1300 (1997).
[CrossRef]

De Roo, R. D.

A. Y. Nashashibi, K. Sarabandi, P. Frantzis, R. D. De Roo, and F. T. Ulaby, “An ultrafast wide-band millimeter wave (MMW) polarimetric radar for remote sensing applications,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.40(8), 1777–1786 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dengler, R. J.

K. B. Kooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, A. Talukder, A. V. Panangadan, C. S. Peay, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Fast, high resolution terahertz radar imaging at 25 meters,” Proc. SPIE7671, 76710Y (2010).

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “An approach for sub-second imaging of concealed objects using terahertz (THz) radar,” J Infrared Milli. Terahertz Waves30, 1297–1307 (2009).

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, E. Schlecht, J. Gill, C. Lee, A. Skalare, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Penetrating 3-D imaging at 4- and 25-m range using a submillimeter-wave radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(12), 2771–2778 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Eigenwillig, C. M.

Fainman, Y.

Fan, Z.-F.

Z.-F. Fan and M. Dagenais, “Optical generation of a megahertz-linewidth microwave signal using semiconductor lasers and a discriminator-aided phase-locked loop,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.45(8), 1296–1300 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Frantzis, P.

A. Y. Nashashibi, K. Sarabandi, P. Frantzis, R. D. De Roo, and F. T. Ulaby, “An ultrafast wide-band millimeter wave (MMW) polarimetric radar for remote sensing applications,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.40(8), 1777–1786 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Garcés, I.

A. Villafranca, J. A. Lázaro, I. Salinas, and I. Garcés, “Measurement of the linewidth enhancement factor in DFB lasers using a high-resolution optical spectrum analyzer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(11), 2268–2270 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gill, J.

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, E. Schlecht, J. Gill, C. Lee, A. Skalare, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Penetrating 3-D imaging at 4- and 25-m range using a submillimeter-wave radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(12), 2771–2778 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Graydon, O. C.

O. C. Graydon, M. N. Zervas, and R. I. Laming, “Erbium-doped-fiber optical limiting amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.13(5), 732–739 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Grundfest, W. S.

Z. D. Taylor, R. S. Singh, D. B. Bennett, P. Tewari, C. P. Kealey, N. Bajwa, M. O. Culjat, A. Stojadinovic, H. Lee, J.-P. Hubschman, E. R. Brown, and W. S. Grundfest, “THz medical imaging: in vivo hydration sensing,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 201–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C.-B.

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, N.-W. Chen, S. Y. Set, C.-B. Huang, and J. E. Bowers, “Photonic generation and wireless transmission of linearly/nonlinearly continuously tunable chirped millimeter-wave waveforms with high time-bandwidth product at W-band,” IEEE J. Photonics4(1), 215–223 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J.-W. Lin, C.-L. Lu, H.-P. Chuang, F.-M. Kuo, J.-W. Shi, C.-B. Huang, and C.-L. Pan, “Photonic generation and detection of W-band chirped millimeter-wave pulses for radar,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(16), 1437–1439 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.-W.

Huber, R.

Hubschman, J.-P.

Z. D. Taylor, R. S. Singh, D. B. Bennett, P. Tewari, C. P. Kealey, N. Bajwa, M. O. Culjat, A. Stojadinovic, H. Lee, J.-P. Hubschman, E. R. Brown, and W. S. Grundfest, “THz medical imaging: in vivo hydration sensing,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 201–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huynh, T. N.

K. Shi, R. Watts, D. Reid, T. N. Huynh, C. Browning, P. M. Anandarajah, F. Smyth, and L. P. Barry, “Dynamic linewidth measurement method via an optical quadrature front end,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(21), 1591–1593 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, Y.-J.

Johansson, L. A.

Kealey, C. P.

Z. D. Taylor, R. S. Singh, D. B. Bennett, P. Tewari, C. P. Kealey, N. Bajwa, M. O. Culjat, A. Stojadinovic, H. Lee, J.-P. Hubschman, E. R. Brown, and W. S. Grundfest, “THz medical imaging: in vivo hydration sensing,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 201–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Klein, T.

Kooper, K. B.

K. B. Kooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, A. Talukder, A. V. Panangadan, C. S. Peay, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Fast, high resolution terahertz radar imaging at 25 meters,” Proc. SPIE7671, 76710Y (2010).

Kuo, C.-C.

Kuo, F.-M.

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, N.-W. Chen, S. Y. Set, C.-B. Huang, and J. E. Bowers, “Photonic generation and wireless transmission of linearly/nonlinearly continuously tunable chirped millimeter-wave waveforms with high time-bandwidth product at W-band,” IEEE J. Photonics4(1), 215–223 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J.-W. Lin, C.-L. Lu, H.-P. Chuang, F.-M. Kuo, J.-W. Shi, C.-B. Huang, and C.-L. Pan, “Photonic generation and detection of W-band chirped millimeter-wave pulses for radar,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(16), 1437–1439 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, T. Chiueh, H.-F. Teng, H. J. Tsai, N.-W. Chen, and M.-L. Wu, “Photonic generation of millimeter-wave white-light at W-Band using a very-broad-band and high-power photonic emitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22, 847–849 (2010).

Laming, R. I.

O. C. Graydon, M. N. Zervas, and R. I. Laming, “Erbium-doped-fiber optical limiting amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.13(5), 732–739 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lázaro, J. A.

A. Villafranca, J. A. Lázaro, I. Salinas, and I. Garcés, “Measurement of the linewidth enhancement factor in DFB lasers using a high-resolution optical spectrum analyzer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(11), 2268–2270 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Leaird, D. E.

Lee, C.

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, E. Schlecht, J. Gill, C. Lee, A. Skalare, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Penetrating 3-D imaging at 4- and 25-m range using a submillimeter-wave radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(12), 2771–2778 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.

Z. D. Taylor, R. S. Singh, D. B. Bennett, P. Tewari, C. P. Kealey, N. Bajwa, M. O. Culjat, A. Stojadinovic, H. Lee, J.-P. Hubschman, E. R. Brown, and W. S. Grundfest, “THz medical imaging: in vivo hydration sensing,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 201–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

C. S. Ruf and J. Li, “A correlated noise calibration standard for interferometric, polarimetric, and autocorrelation microwave radiometers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.41(10), 2187–2196 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, M.

M. Li and J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of continuously tunable chirped microwave waveforms based on a temporal interferometer incorporating an optically-pumped linearly-chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.59(12), 3531–3537 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, Q.

Lin, J.-W.

J.-W. Lin, C.-L. Lu, H.-P. Chuang, F.-M. Kuo, J.-W. Shi, C.-B. Huang, and C.-L. Pan, “Photonic generation and detection of W-band chirped millimeter-wave pulses for radar,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(16), 1437–1439 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Llombart, N.

K. B. Kooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, A. Talukder, A. V. Panangadan, C. S. Peay, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Fast, high resolution terahertz radar imaging at 25 meters,” Proc. SPIE7671, 76710Y (2010).

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “An approach for sub-second imaging of concealed objects using terahertz (THz) radar,” J Infrared Milli. Terahertz Waves30, 1297–1307 (2009).

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, E. Schlecht, J. Gill, C. Lee, A. Skalare, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Penetrating 3-D imaging at 4- and 25-m range using a submillimeter-wave radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(12), 2771–2778 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.-L.

J.-W. Lin, C.-L. Lu, H.-P. Chuang, F.-M. Kuo, J.-W. Shi, C.-B. Huang, and C.-L. Pan, “Photonic generation and detection of W-band chirped millimeter-wave pulses for radar,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(16), 1437–1439 (2012).
[CrossRef]

McKinney, J. D.

Mehdi, I.

K. B. Kooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, A. Talukder, A. V. Panangadan, C. S. Peay, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Fast, high resolution terahertz radar imaging at 25 meters,” Proc. SPIE7671, 76710Y (2010).

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “An approach for sub-second imaging of concealed objects using terahertz (THz) radar,” J Infrared Milli. Terahertz Waves30, 1297–1307 (2009).

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, E. Schlecht, J. Gill, C. Lee, A. Skalare, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Penetrating 3-D imaging at 4- and 25-m range using a submillimeter-wave radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(12), 2771–2778 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nashashibi, A. Y.

A. Y. Nashashibi, K. Sarabandi, P. Frantzis, R. D. De Roo, and F. T. Ulaby, “An ultrafast wide-band millimeter wave (MMW) polarimetric radar for remote sensing applications,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.40(8), 1777–1786 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pan, C.-L.

J.-W. Lin, C.-L. Lu, H.-P. Chuang, F.-M. Kuo, J.-W. Shi, C.-B. Huang, and C.-L. Pan, “Photonic generation and detection of W-band chirped millimeter-wave pulses for radar,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(16), 1437–1439 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Panangadan, A. V.

K. B. Kooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, A. Talukder, A. V. Panangadan, C. S. Peay, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Fast, high resolution terahertz radar imaging at 25 meters,” Proc. SPIE7671, 76710Y (2010).

Panasenko, D.

Peay, C. S.

K. B. Kooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, A. Talukder, A. V. Panangadan, C. S. Peay, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Fast, high resolution terahertz radar imaging at 25 meters,” Proc. SPIE7671, 76710Y (2010).

Reid, D.

K. Shi, R. Watts, D. Reid, T. N. Huynh, C. Browning, P. M. Anandarajah, F. Smyth, and L. P. Barry, “Dynamic linewidth measurement method via an optical quadrature front end,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(21), 1591–1593 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ristic, S.

Rodwell, M. J.

Rokitski, R.

Ruf, C. S.

C. S. Ruf and J. Li, “A correlated noise calibration standard for interferometric, polarimetric, and autocorrelation microwave radiometers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.41(10), 2187–2196 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Salinas, I.

A. Villafranca, J. A. Lázaro, I. Salinas, and I. Garcés, “Measurement of the linewidth enhancement factor in DFB lasers using a high-resolution optical spectrum analyzer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(11), 2268–2270 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Saperstein, R. E.

Sarabandi, K.

A. Y. Nashashibi, K. Sarabandi, P. Frantzis, R. D. De Roo, and F. T. Ulaby, “An ultrafast wide-band millimeter wave (MMW) polarimetric radar for remote sensing applications,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.40(8), 1777–1786 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schlecht, E.

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, E. Schlecht, J. Gill, C. Lee, A. Skalare, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Penetrating 3-D imaging at 4- and 25-m range using a submillimeter-wave radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(12), 2771–2778 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Set, S. Y.

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, N.-W. Chen, S. Y. Set, C.-B. Huang, and J. E. Bowers, “Photonic generation and wireless transmission of linearly/nonlinearly continuously tunable chirped millimeter-wave waveforms with high time-bandwidth product at W-band,” IEEE J. Photonics4(1), 215–223 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shi, J.-W.

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, N.-W. Chen, S. Y. Set, C.-B. Huang, and J. E. Bowers, “Photonic generation and wireless transmission of linearly/nonlinearly continuously tunable chirped millimeter-wave waveforms with high time-bandwidth product at W-band,” IEEE J. Photonics4(1), 215–223 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J.-W. Lin, C.-L. Lu, H.-P. Chuang, F.-M. Kuo, J.-W. Shi, C.-B. Huang, and C.-L. Pan, “Photonic generation and detection of W-band chirped millimeter-wave pulses for radar,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(16), 1437–1439 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, T. Chiueh, H.-F. Teng, H. J. Tsai, N.-W. Chen, and M.-L. Wu, “Photonic generation of millimeter-wave white-light at W-Band using a very-broad-band and high-power photonic emitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22, 847–849 (2010).

Shi, K.

K. Shi, R. Watts, D. Reid, T. N. Huynh, C. Browning, P. M. Anandarajah, F. Smyth, and L. P. Barry, “Dynamic linewidth measurement method via an optical quadrature front end,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(21), 1591–1593 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Siegel, P. H.

K. B. Kooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, A. Talukder, A. V. Panangadan, C. S. Peay, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Fast, high resolution terahertz radar imaging at 25 meters,” Proc. SPIE7671, 76710Y (2010).

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “An approach for sub-second imaging of concealed objects using terahertz (THz) radar,” J Infrared Milli. Terahertz Waves30, 1297–1307 (2009).

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, E. Schlecht, J. Gill, C. Lee, A. Skalare, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Penetrating 3-D imaging at 4- and 25-m range using a submillimeter-wave radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(12), 2771–2778 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Singh, R. S.

Z. D. Taylor, R. S. Singh, D. B. Bennett, P. Tewari, C. P. Kealey, N. Bajwa, M. O. Culjat, A. Stojadinovic, H. Lee, J.-P. Hubschman, E. R. Brown, and W. S. Grundfest, “THz medical imaging: in vivo hydration sensing,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 201–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Skalare, A.

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, E. Schlecht, J. Gill, C. Lee, A. Skalare, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Penetrating 3-D imaging at 4- and 25-m range using a submillimeter-wave radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(12), 2771–2778 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Smyth, F.

K. Shi, R. Watts, D. Reid, T. N. Huynh, C. Browning, P. M. Anandarajah, F. Smyth, and L. P. Barry, “Dynamic linewidth measurement method via an optical quadrature front end,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(21), 1591–1593 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Stojadinovic, A.

Z. D. Taylor, R. S. Singh, D. B. Bennett, P. Tewari, C. P. Kealey, N. Bajwa, M. O. Culjat, A. Stojadinovic, H. Lee, J.-P. Hubschman, E. R. Brown, and W. S. Grundfest, “THz medical imaging: in vivo hydration sensing,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 201–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Stove, A. G.

A. G. Stove, “Linear FMCW radar techniques,” IEE Proc. F139, 343–350 (1993).

Sun, C.-K.

Talukder, A.

K. B. Kooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, A. Talukder, A. V. Panangadan, C. S. Peay, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Fast, high resolution terahertz radar imaging at 25 meters,” Proc. SPIE7671, 76710Y (2010).

Taylor, Z. D.

Z. D. Taylor, R. S. Singh, D. B. Bennett, P. Tewari, C. P. Kealey, N. Bajwa, M. O. Culjat, A. Stojadinovic, H. Lee, J.-P. Hubschman, E. R. Brown, and W. S. Grundfest, “THz medical imaging: in vivo hydration sensing,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 201–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Teng, H.-F.

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, T. Chiueh, H.-F. Teng, H. J. Tsai, N.-W. Chen, and M.-L. Wu, “Photonic generation of millimeter-wave white-light at W-Band using a very-broad-band and high-power photonic emitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22, 847–849 (2010).

Tewari, P.

Z. D. Taylor, R. S. Singh, D. B. Bennett, P. Tewari, C. P. Kealey, N. Bajwa, M. O. Culjat, A. Stojadinovic, H. Lee, J.-P. Hubschman, E. R. Brown, and W. S. Grundfest, “THz medical imaging: in vivo hydration sensing,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 201–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Trew, R. J.

R. J. Trew, “Design theory for broad-band YIG-tuned FET oscillators,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.27(1), 8–14 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, H. J.

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, T. Chiueh, H.-F. Teng, H. J. Tsai, N.-W. Chen, and M.-L. Wu, “Photonic generation of millimeter-wave white-light at W-Band using a very-broad-band and high-power photonic emitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22, 847–849 (2010).

Tseng, T.-F.

Ulaby, F. T.

A. Y. Nashashibi, K. Sarabandi, P. Frantzis, R. D. De Roo, and F. T. Ulaby, “An ultrafast wide-band millimeter wave (MMW) polarimetric radar for remote sensing applications,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.40(8), 1777–1786 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Villafranca, A.

A. Villafranca, J. A. Lázaro, I. Salinas, and I. Garcés, “Measurement of the linewidth enhancement factor in DFB lasers using a high-resolution optical spectrum analyzer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(11), 2268–2270 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Watts, R.

K. Shi, R. Watts, D. Reid, T. N. Huynh, C. Browning, P. M. Anandarajah, F. Smyth, and L. P. Barry, “Dynamic linewidth measurement method via an optical quadrature front end,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(21), 1591–1593 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

Wieser, W.

Wong, K. K. Y.

Wu, M.-L.

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, T. Chiueh, H.-F. Teng, H. J. Tsai, N.-W. Chen, and M.-L. Wu, “Photonic generation of millimeter-wave white-light at W-Band using a very-broad-band and high-power photonic emitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22, 847–849 (2010).

Yang, S.

Yao, J. P.

M. Li and J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of continuously tunable chirped microwave waveforms based on a temporal interferometer incorporating an optically-pumped linearly-chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.59(12), 3531–3537 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zervas, M. N.

O. C. Graydon, M. N. Zervas, and R. I. Laming, “Erbium-doped-fiber optical limiting amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.13(5), 732–739 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y.

IEE Proc. F

A. G. Stove, “Linear FMCW radar techniques,” IEE Proc. F139, 343–350 (1993).

IEEE J. Photonics

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, N.-W. Chen, S. Y. Set, C.-B. Huang, and J. E. Bowers, “Photonic generation and wireless transmission of linearly/nonlinearly continuously tunable chirped millimeter-wave waveforms with high time-bandwidth product at W-band,” IEEE J. Photonics4(1), 215–223 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J.-W. Lin, C.-L. Lu, H.-P. Chuang, F.-M. Kuo, J.-W. Shi, C.-B. Huang, and C.-L. Pan, “Photonic generation and detection of W-band chirped millimeter-wave pulses for radar,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(16), 1437–1439 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, T. Chiueh, H.-F. Teng, H. J. Tsai, N.-W. Chen, and M.-L. Wu, “Photonic generation of millimeter-wave white-light at W-Band using a very-broad-band and high-power photonic emitter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22, 847–849 (2010).

A. Villafranca, J. A. Lázaro, I. Salinas, and I. Garcés, “Measurement of the linewidth enhancement factor in DFB lasers using a high-resolution optical spectrum analyzer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(11), 2268–2270 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Shi, R. Watts, D. Reid, T. N. Huynh, C. Browning, P. M. Anandarajah, F. Smyth, and L. P. Barry, “Dynamic linewidth measurement method via an optical quadrature front end,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(21), 1591–1593 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.

A. Y. Nashashibi, K. Sarabandi, P. Frantzis, R. D. De Roo, and F. T. Ulaby, “An ultrafast wide-band millimeter wave (MMW) polarimetric radar for remote sensing applications,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.40(8), 1777–1786 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Ruf and J. Li, “A correlated noise calibration standard for interferometric, polarimetric, and autocorrelation microwave radiometers,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.41(10), 2187–2196 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.

R. J. Trew, “Design theory for broad-band YIG-tuned FET oscillators,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.27(1), 8–14 (1979).
[CrossRef]

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, E. Schlecht, J. Gill, C. Lee, A. Skalare, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Penetrating 3-D imaging at 4- and 25-m range using a submillimeter-wave radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(12), 2771–2778 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Li and J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of continuously tunable chirped microwave waveforms based on a temporal interferometer incorporating an optically-pumped linearly-chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.59(12), 3531–3537 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z.-F. Fan and M. Dagenais, “Optical generation of a megahertz-linewidth microwave signal using semiconductor lasers and a discriminator-aided phase-locked loop,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.45(8), 1296–1300 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.

Z. D. Taylor, R. S. Singh, D. B. Bennett, P. Tewari, C. P. Kealey, N. Bajwa, M. O. Culjat, A. Stojadinovic, H. Lee, J.-P. Hubschman, E. R. Brown, and W. S. Grundfest, “THz medical imaging: in vivo hydration sensing,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 201–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J Infrared Milli. Terahertz Waves

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “An approach for sub-second imaging of concealed objects using terahertz (THz) radar,” J Infrared Milli. Terahertz Waves30, 1297–1307 (2009).

J. Lightwave Technol.

S. Ristic, A. Bhardwaj, M. J. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, and L. A. Johansson, “An optical phase-locked loop photonic integrated circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(4), 526–538 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. C. Graydon, M. N. Zervas, and R. I. Laming, “Erbium-doped-fiber optical limiting amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.13(5), 732–739 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

K. B. Kooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, A. Talukder, A. V. Panangadan, C. S. Peay, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Fast, high resolution terahertz radar imaging at 25 meters,” Proc. SPIE7671, 76710Y (2010).

Other

T. Nagatsuma, T. Kumashiro, Y. Fujimoto, K. Taniguchi, K. Ajito, N. Nukutsu, T. Furuta, A. Wakatsuki, and Y. Kado, “Millimeter-wave imaging using photonics-based noise source,” Proc. IRMMW-THz 2009, 34th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, Busan, South Korea, Sept., 1–2 (2009).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The experimental setup for chirped pulse generation. OSA: optical spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The measured optical spectra of our fast sweeping laser under different sweeping rates at 10 KHz (a), 100 KHz (b), and 1 MHz (c) with different driving voltages (0.2 and 1 V).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The measured frequency sweeping range of our laser under different sweeping rate (1 KHz, 10 KHz, 100 KHz, 1 MHz, and 3 MHz) and different driving voltage (Vpp)

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The captured chirped waveform at near dc frequency.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The captured chirped waveform at the frequency over the maximum bandwidth of real-time scope (16 GHz).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The schematic plot of dynamic frequency measurement.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The estimated instanteous frequency with the sweeping rates of (a) 100 KHz and (b) 10 KHz.

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