Abstract

We propose to use double negative (DNG) metamaterial slabs to build effective super-absorbers and perfect nanodetectors for single divergent sources. We demonstrate by numerical simulations that an absorbing nanoparticle properly placed inside a DNG slab back-covered with a perfect electric conductor or perfect magnetic conductor mirror can absorb up to 100% radiation energy of a single dipole source placed outside the slab. Furthermore, we also show that even the simple DNG slab without any absorbing nanoparticle could be used as a perfect absorber for both plane and divergent beams. The proposed systems may focus the radiation in nanoscale and thus have applications in optical nanodevices for a variety of different purposes.

© 2013 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, “Coherent perfect absorbers: time-reversed lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(5), 053901 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. W. Wan, Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Noh, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, “Time-reversed lasing and interferometric control of absorption,” Science331(6019), 889–892 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. Longhi, “PT-symmetric laser absorber,” Phys. Rev. A82(3), 031801 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Longhi, “Coherent perfect absorption in a homogeneously broadened two-level medium,” Phys. Rev. A83(5), 055804 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Dutta-Gupta, O. J. F. Martin, S. D. Gupta, and G. S. Agarwal, “Controllable coherent perfect absorption in a composite film,” Opt. Express20(2), 1330–1336 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. V. Klimov, S. Sun, and G.-Y. Guo, “Coherent perfect nanoabsorbers based on negative refraction,” Opt. Express20(12), 13071–13081 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. V. Shalaev and W. Cai, Optical Metamaterials: Fundamentals and Applications (Springer, 2010).
  8. M. E. de Cos and F. Las-Heras, “Novel Flexible Artificial Magnetic Conductor,” Int. J. Antennas Propag.2012, 353821 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  9. V. Klimov, “Novel approach to a perfect lens,” JETP Lett.89(5), 229–232 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. V. Klimov, J. Baudon, and M. Ducloy, “Comparative focusing of Maxwell and Dirac fields by negative refraction half-space,” Europhys. Lett.94(2), 20006 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  11. E. M. Purcell, “Spontaneous emission probabilities at radio frequencies,” Phys. Rev.69, 681–681 (1946).
  12. V. Klimov, M. Ducloy, and V. S. Letokhov, “Spontaneous emission of an atom in the presence of nanobodies,” Quantum Electron.31(7), 569–586 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2012

2011

V. Klimov, J. Baudon, and M. Ducloy, “Comparative focusing of Maxwell and Dirac fields by negative refraction half-space,” Europhys. Lett.94(2), 20006 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Wan, Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Noh, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, “Time-reversed lasing and interferometric control of absorption,” Science331(6019), 889–892 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Longhi, “Coherent perfect absorption in a homogeneously broadened two-level medium,” Phys. Rev. A83(5), 055804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, “Coherent perfect absorbers: time-reversed lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(5), 053901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Longhi, “PT-symmetric laser absorber,” Phys. Rev. A82(3), 031801 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

V. Klimov, “Novel approach to a perfect lens,” JETP Lett.89(5), 229–232 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2001

V. Klimov, M. Ducloy, and V. S. Letokhov, “Spontaneous emission of an atom in the presence of nanobodies,” Quantum Electron.31(7), 569–586 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1946

E. M. Purcell, “Spontaneous emission probabilities at radio frequencies,” Phys. Rev.69, 681–681 (1946).

Agarwal, G. S.

Baudon, J.

V. Klimov, J. Baudon, and M. Ducloy, “Comparative focusing of Maxwell and Dirac fields by negative refraction half-space,” Europhys. Lett.94(2), 20006 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cao, H.

W. Wan, Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Noh, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, “Time-reversed lasing and interferometric control of absorption,” Science331(6019), 889–892 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, “Coherent perfect absorbers: time-reversed lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(5), 053901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chong, Y. D.

W. Wan, Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Noh, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, “Time-reversed lasing and interferometric control of absorption,” Science331(6019), 889–892 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, “Coherent perfect absorbers: time-reversed lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(5), 053901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Cos, M. E.

M. E. de Cos and F. Las-Heras, “Novel Flexible Artificial Magnetic Conductor,” Int. J. Antennas Propag.2012, 353821 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ducloy, M.

V. Klimov, J. Baudon, and M. Ducloy, “Comparative focusing of Maxwell and Dirac fields by negative refraction half-space,” Europhys. Lett.94(2), 20006 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. Klimov, M. Ducloy, and V. S. Letokhov, “Spontaneous emission of an atom in the presence of nanobodies,” Quantum Electron.31(7), 569–586 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dutta-Gupta, S.

Ge, L.

W. Wan, Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Noh, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, “Time-reversed lasing and interferometric control of absorption,” Science331(6019), 889–892 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, “Coherent perfect absorbers: time-reversed lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(5), 053901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guo, G.-Y.

Gupta, S. D.

Klimov, V.

V. Klimov, S. Sun, and G.-Y. Guo, “Coherent perfect nanoabsorbers based on negative refraction,” Opt. Express20(12), 13071–13081 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Klimov, J. Baudon, and M. Ducloy, “Comparative focusing of Maxwell and Dirac fields by negative refraction half-space,” Europhys. Lett.94(2), 20006 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. Klimov, “Novel approach to a perfect lens,” JETP Lett.89(5), 229–232 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Klimov, M. Ducloy, and V. S. Letokhov, “Spontaneous emission of an atom in the presence of nanobodies,” Quantum Electron.31(7), 569–586 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Las-Heras, F.

M. E. de Cos and F. Las-Heras, “Novel Flexible Artificial Magnetic Conductor,” Int. J. Antennas Propag.2012, 353821 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Letokhov, V. S.

V. Klimov, M. Ducloy, and V. S. Letokhov, “Spontaneous emission of an atom in the presence of nanobodies,” Quantum Electron.31(7), 569–586 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Longhi, S.

S. Longhi, “Coherent perfect absorption in a homogeneously broadened two-level medium,” Phys. Rev. A83(5), 055804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Longhi, “PT-symmetric laser absorber,” Phys. Rev. A82(3), 031801 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Martin, O. J. F.

Noh, H.

W. Wan, Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Noh, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, “Time-reversed lasing and interferometric control of absorption,” Science331(6019), 889–892 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Purcell, E. M.

E. M. Purcell, “Spontaneous emission probabilities at radio frequencies,” Phys. Rev.69, 681–681 (1946).

Stone, A. D.

W. Wan, Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Noh, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, “Time-reversed lasing and interferometric control of absorption,” Science331(6019), 889–892 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, “Coherent perfect absorbers: time-reversed lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(5), 053901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, S.

Wan, W.

W. Wan, Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Noh, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, “Time-reversed lasing and interferometric control of absorption,” Science331(6019), 889–892 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Europhys. Lett.

V. Klimov, J. Baudon, and M. Ducloy, “Comparative focusing of Maxwell and Dirac fields by negative refraction half-space,” Europhys. Lett.94(2), 20006 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Antennas Propag.

M. E. de Cos and F. Las-Heras, “Novel Flexible Artificial Magnetic Conductor,” Int. J. Antennas Propag.2012, 353821 (2012).
[CrossRef]

JETP Lett.

V. Klimov, “Novel approach to a perfect lens,” JETP Lett.89(5), 229–232 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Phys. Rev.

E. M. Purcell, “Spontaneous emission probabilities at radio frequencies,” Phys. Rev.69, 681–681 (1946).

Phys. Rev. A

S. Longhi, “PT-symmetric laser absorber,” Phys. Rev. A82(3), 031801 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Longhi, “Coherent perfect absorption in a homogeneously broadened two-level medium,” Phys. Rev. A83(5), 055804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, “Coherent perfect absorbers: time-reversed lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(5), 053901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quantum Electron.

V. Klimov, M. Ducloy, and V. S. Letokhov, “Spontaneous emission of an atom in the presence of nanobodies,” Quantum Electron.31(7), 569–586 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Science

W. Wan, Y. D. Chong, L. Ge, H. Noh, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, “Time-reversed lasing and interferometric control of absorption,” Science331(6019), 889–892 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

V. Shalaev and W. Cai, Optical Metamaterials: Fundamentals and Applications (Springer, 2010).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of a perfect nanoabsorber for a divergent beam [(a): 2D case and (b): 3D case]. The source is situated at one side of the double negative (DNG) slab. The distance l between the source and the surface is equal to its thickness d. The other side of the DNG slab is covered with a PEC or PMC mirror with an absorbing nanoparticle on it.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Powers absorbed by the nanoparticle (Wc/W0), the slab (Ws/W0) and the system (nanoparticle plus slab) (Wc + s/W0) normalized to the radiating power of one dipole in free space (W0) as a function of the imaginary part of the cylinder permitivity for the system with either a PMC mirror (a) or a PEC mirror (b) at the back of the metamaterial slab. The radiating electric dipole is parallel to the surface of the DNG slab. The total (Wp/W0) and half [(Wp/2)/W0] normalized radiating powers of the dipole are also plotted for comparison. The radius of nanoparticle (rc) is 50 nm, and its optical parameters are εc = 1 + iε and µc = 1, εs = µs = -1 + 0.03i, λ = 3 μm, d = 250 nm and l = 250 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Powers absorbed by the nanoparticle (Wc/W0), the slab (Ws/W0) and the system (nanoparticle plus slab) (Wc + s/W0) normalized to the radiating power of one dipole in free space (W0) as a function of the imaginary part of the cylinder permitivity for the system with either a PMC mirror (a) or a PEC mirror (b) at the back of the metamaterial slab. The radiating electric dipole is perpendicular to the surface of the DNG slab. The total (Wp/W0) and half [(Wp/2)/W0] normalized radiating powers of the dipole are also plotted for comparison. The radius of nanoparticle (rc) is 50 nm, and its optical parameters are εc = 1 + iε and µc = 1, εs = µs = -1 + 0.03i, λ = 3 μm, d = 250 nm and l = 250 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Powers absorbed by the nanoparticle (Wc/W0), the slab (Ws/W0) and the system (nanoparticle plus slab) (Wc + s/W0) normalized to the radiating power of one dipole in free space (W0) as a function of the imaginary part of the cylinder permittivity for the system with either a PMC mirror or a PEC mirror at the back of the metamaterial slab. The radiating electric dipole is parallel (a, b) or perpendicular (c, d) to the surface of the DNG slab. The total (Wp/W0) and half [(Wp/2)/W0] normalized radiating powers of the dipole are also plotted for comparison. The radius of nanoparticle (rc) is 50 nm, and its optical parameters are εc = 1 + iε and µc = 1, εs = µs = -1 + 10−5i, λ = 3 μm, d = 250 nm and l = 250 nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Power absorbed by the slab (Ws/W0) as well as the total (Wp/W0) and half [(Wp/2)/W0] radiating powers of the dipole normalized to the radiating power of one dipole in free space (W0) as a function of the imaginary part of the slab permittivity for the system with either a PMC mirror (a) or a PEC mirror (b) at the back of the metamaterial slab. The electric dipole is parallel to the surface of the DNG slab.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Power absorbed by the slab (Ws/W0) as well as the total (Wp/W0) and half (Wp/2W0) radiating powers of the dipole normalized to the radiating power of one dipole in free space (W0) as a function of the imaginary part of the slab permittivity for the system with either a PEC mirror (a) or a PMC mirror (b) at the back of the metamaterial slab. The electric dipole is perpendicular to the surface of DNG slab.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Illustration of the zero phase difference between the source and its image for any far field directions.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

W rad = ω 2 k 0 2 | p 0 | 2 π 2 .

Metrics