Abstract

Using light field reconstruction technique, we can display a floating 3D scene in the air, which is 360-degree surrounding viewable with correct occlusion effect. A high-frame-rate color projector and flat light field scanning screen are used in the system to create the light field of real 3D scene in the air above the spinning screen. The principle and display performance of this approach are investigated in this paper. The image synthesis method for all the surrounding viewpoints is analyzed, and the 3D spatial resolution and angular resolution of the common display zone are employed to evaluate display performance. The prototype is achieved and the real 3D color animation image has been presented vividly. The experimental results verified the representability of this method.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, and L. Pockett, “Three-dimensional displays: A review and applications analysis,” IEEE Trans. Broadcast57(2), 362–371 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. A. Dodgson, “Autostereoscopic 3D Displays,” Computer38(8), 31–36 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Slinger, C. Cameron, and M. Stanley, “Computer-generated holography as a generic display technology,” Computer38(8), 46–53 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. G. E. Favalora, “Volumetric 3D displays and application infrastructure,” Computer38(8), 37–44 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G.E. Favalora, “100-million-voxel volumetric display,” Proc. SPIE 4712, Cockpit Displays IX: Displays for Defense Applications, 300 (August 28, 2002).
  7. X. Xie, X. Liu, and Y. Lin, “The investigation of data voxelization for a three-dimensional volumetric display system,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.11(4), 045707 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. O. S. Cossairt, J. Napoli, S. L. Hill, R. K. Dorval, and G. E. Favalora, “Occlusion-capable multiview volumetric three-dimensional display,” Appl. Opt.46(8), 1244–1250 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph.26(3), 40 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Jones, M. Lang, G. Fyffe, X. Yu, J. Busch, I. McDowall, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Achieving eye contact in a one-to-many 3D video teleconferencing system,” ACM Trans. Graph.28(3), 64 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. Yendo, “The Seelinder: Cylindrical 3D display viewable from 360 degrees,” J. Vis. Commun. Image. 21, 586–594 (2010).
  12. C. Yan, X. Liu, H. Li, X. Xia, H. Lu, and W. Zheng, “Color three-dimensional display with omnidirectional view based on a light-emitting diode projector,” Appl. Opt.48(22), 4490–4495 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. X. Xia, Z. Zheng, X. Liu, H. Li, and C. Yan, “Omnidirectional-view three-dimensional display system based on cylindrical selective-diffusing screen,” Appl. Opt.49(26), 4915–4920 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. Zwicker, “Antialiasing for automultiscopic 3D displays,” InProceedings of 17th Eurographics Workshop on Rendering, June 2006, 73–82.
  15. S. Yoshida, “fVisiOn: glasses-free tabletop 3-D display,” in Proceedings of Digital Holography and 3-D Imaging (Tokyo, 2011), DTuA1.
  16. Y. Takaki and S. Uchida, “Table screen 360-degree three-dimensional display using a small array of high-speed projectors,” Opt. Express20(8), 8848–8861 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Layered 3D: tomographic image synthesis for attenuation-based light field and high dynamic range displays,” ACM Trans. Graph.30(4), 95 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. Lanman, G. Wetzstein, M. Hirsch, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Polarization fields: dynamic light field display using multi-layer LCDs,” ACM Trans. Graph.30(6), 186 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2012

2011

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Layered 3D: tomographic image synthesis for attenuation-based light field and high dynamic range displays,” ACM Trans. Graph.30(4), 95 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Lanman, G. Wetzstein, M. Hirsch, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Polarization fields: dynamic light field display using multi-layer LCDs,” ACM Trans. Graph.30(6), 186 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, and L. Pockett, “Three-dimensional displays: A review and applications analysis,” IEEE Trans. Broadcast57(2), 362–371 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2009

A. Jones, M. Lang, G. Fyffe, X. Yu, J. Busch, I. McDowall, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Achieving eye contact in a one-to-many 3D video teleconferencing system,” ACM Trans. Graph.28(3), 64 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Yan, X. Liu, H. Li, X. Xia, H. Lu, and W. Zheng, “Color three-dimensional display with omnidirectional view based on a light-emitting diode projector,” Appl. Opt.48(22), 4490–4495 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Xie, X. Liu, and Y. Lin, “The investigation of data voxelization for a three-dimensional volumetric display system,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.11(4), 045707 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

O. S. Cossairt, J. Napoli, S. L. Hill, R. K. Dorval, and G. E. Favalora, “Occlusion-capable multiview volumetric three-dimensional display,” Appl. Opt.46(8), 1244–1250 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph.26(3), 40 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

G. E. Favalora, “Volumetric 3D displays and application infrastructure,” Computer38(8), 37–44 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Dodgson, “Autostereoscopic 3D Displays,” Computer38(8), 31–36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Slinger, C. Cameron, and M. Stanley, “Computer-generated holography as a generic display technology,” Computer38(8), 46–53 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Blanche, P. A.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bolas, M.

A. Jones, M. Lang, G. Fyffe, X. Yu, J. Busch, I. McDowall, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Achieving eye contact in a one-to-many 3D video teleconferencing system,” ACM Trans. Graph.28(3), 64 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph.26(3), 40 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Busch, J.

A. Jones, M. Lang, G. Fyffe, X. Yu, J. Busch, I. McDowall, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Achieving eye contact in a one-to-many 3D video teleconferencing system,” ACM Trans. Graph.28(3), 64 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cameron, C.

C. Slinger, C. Cameron, and M. Stanley, “Computer-generated holography as a generic display technology,” Computer38(8), 46–53 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cossairt, O. S.

Debevec, P.

A. Jones, M. Lang, G. Fyffe, X. Yu, J. Busch, I. McDowall, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Achieving eye contact in a one-to-many 3D video teleconferencing system,” ACM Trans. Graph.28(3), 64 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph.26(3), 40 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dodgson, N. A.

N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, and L. Pockett, “Three-dimensional displays: A review and applications analysis,” IEEE Trans. Broadcast57(2), 362–371 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Dodgson, “Autostereoscopic 3D Displays,” Computer38(8), 31–36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dorval, R. K.

Favalora, G. E.

N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, and L. Pockett, “Three-dimensional displays: A review and applications analysis,” IEEE Trans. Broadcast57(2), 362–371 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. S. Cossairt, J. Napoli, S. L. Hill, R. K. Dorval, and G. E. Favalora, “Occlusion-capable multiview volumetric three-dimensional display,” Appl. Opt.46(8), 1244–1250 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. E. Favalora, “Volumetric 3D displays and application infrastructure,” Computer38(8), 37–44 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Flores, D.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fyffe, G.

A. Jones, M. Lang, G. Fyffe, X. Yu, J. Busch, I. McDowall, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Achieving eye contact in a one-to-many 3D video teleconferencing system,” ACM Trans. Graph.28(3), 64 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gu, T.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heidrich, W.

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Layered 3D: tomographic image synthesis for attenuation-based light field and high dynamic range displays,” ACM Trans. Graph.30(4), 95 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Lanman, G. Wetzstein, M. Hirsch, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Polarization fields: dynamic light field display using multi-layer LCDs,” ACM Trans. Graph.30(6), 186 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hill, S. L.

Hirsch, M.

D. Lanman, G. Wetzstein, M. Hirsch, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Polarization fields: dynamic light field display using multi-layer LCDs,” ACM Trans. Graph.30(6), 186 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Holliman, N. S.

N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, and L. Pockett, “Three-dimensional displays: A review and applications analysis,” IEEE Trans. Broadcast57(2), 362–371 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jones, A.

A. Jones, M. Lang, G. Fyffe, X. Yu, J. Busch, I. McDowall, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Achieving eye contact in a one-to-many 3D video teleconferencing system,” ACM Trans. Graph.28(3), 64 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph.26(3), 40 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lang, M.

A. Jones, M. Lang, G. Fyffe, X. Yu, J. Busch, I. McDowall, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Achieving eye contact in a one-to-many 3D video teleconferencing system,” ACM Trans. Graph.28(3), 64 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lanman, D.

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Layered 3D: tomographic image synthesis for attenuation-based light field and high dynamic range displays,” ACM Trans. Graph.30(4), 95 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Lanman, G. Wetzstein, M. Hirsch, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Polarization fields: dynamic light field display using multi-layer LCDs,” ACM Trans. Graph.30(6), 186 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, H.

Lin, W.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, Y.

X. Xie, X. Liu, and Y. Lin, “The investigation of data voxelization for a three-dimensional volumetric display system,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.11(4), 045707 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Lu, H.

McDowall, I.

A. Jones, M. Lang, G. Fyffe, X. Yu, J. Busch, I. McDowall, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Achieving eye contact in a one-to-many 3D video teleconferencing system,” ACM Trans. Graph.28(3), 64 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph.26(3), 40 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Napoli, J.

Norwood, R. A.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peyghambarian, N.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pockett, L.

N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, and L. Pockett, “Three-dimensional displays: A review and applications analysis,” IEEE Trans. Broadcast57(2), 362–371 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Raskar, R.

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Layered 3D: tomographic image synthesis for attenuation-based light field and high dynamic range displays,” ACM Trans. Graph.30(4), 95 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Lanman, G. Wetzstein, M. Hirsch, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Polarization fields: dynamic light field display using multi-layer LCDs,” ACM Trans. Graph.30(6), 186 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rokutanda, S.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Slinger, C.

C. Slinger, C. Cameron, and M. Stanley, “Computer-generated holography as a generic display technology,” Computer38(8), 46–53 (2005).
[CrossRef]

St Hilaire, P.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stanley, M.

C. Slinger, C. Cameron, and M. Stanley, “Computer-generated holography as a generic display technology,” Computer38(8), 46–53 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Takaki, Y.

Tay, S.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thomas, J.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tunç, A. V.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uchida, S.

Voorakaranam, R.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, P.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wetzstein, G.

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Layered 3D: tomographic image synthesis for attenuation-based light field and high dynamic range displays,” ACM Trans. Graph.30(4), 95 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Lanman, G. Wetzstein, M. Hirsch, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Polarization fields: dynamic light field display using multi-layer LCDs,” ACM Trans. Graph.30(6), 186 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xia, X.

Xie, X.

X. Xie, X. Liu, and Y. Lin, “The investigation of data voxelization for a three-dimensional volumetric display system,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.11(4), 045707 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, H.

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph.26(3), 40 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, M.

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yan, C.

Yendo, T.

T. Yendo, “The Seelinder: Cylindrical 3D display viewable from 360 degrees,” J. Vis. Commun. Image. 21, 586–594 (2010).

Yu, X.

A. Jones, M. Lang, G. Fyffe, X. Yu, J. Busch, I. McDowall, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Achieving eye contact in a one-to-many 3D video teleconferencing system,” ACM Trans. Graph.28(3), 64 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, W.

Zheng, Z.

Zwicker, M.

M. Zwicker, “Antialiasing for automultiscopic 3D displays,” InProceedings of 17th Eurographics Workshop on Rendering, June 2006, 73–82.

ACM Trans. Graph.

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph.26(3), 40 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Jones, M. Lang, G. Fyffe, X. Yu, J. Busch, I. McDowall, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Achieving eye contact in a one-to-many 3D video teleconferencing system,” ACM Trans. Graph.28(3), 64 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Layered 3D: tomographic image synthesis for attenuation-based light field and high dynamic range displays,” ACM Trans. Graph.30(4), 95 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Lanman, G. Wetzstein, M. Hirsch, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Polarization fields: dynamic light field display using multi-layer LCDs,” ACM Trans. Graph.30(6), 186 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Computer

N. A. Dodgson, “Autostereoscopic 3D Displays,” Computer38(8), 31–36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Slinger, C. Cameron, and M. Stanley, “Computer-generated holography as a generic display technology,” Computer38(8), 46–53 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. E. Favalora, “Volumetric 3D displays and application infrastructure,” Computer38(8), 37–44 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Broadcast

N. S. Holliman, N. A. Dodgson, G. E. Favalora, and L. Pockett, “Three-dimensional displays: A review and applications analysis,” IEEE Trans. Broadcast57(2), 362–371 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.

X. Xie, X. Liu, and Y. Lin, “The investigation of data voxelization for a three-dimensional volumetric display system,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.11(4), 045707 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature

S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunç, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “An updatable holographic three-dimensional display,” Nature451(7179), 694–698 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

The Seelinder: Cylindrical 3D display viewable from 360 degrees

T. Yendo, “The Seelinder: Cylindrical 3D display viewable from 360 degrees,” J. Vis. Commun. Image. 21, 586–594 (2010).

Other

G.E. Favalora, “100-million-voxel volumetric display,” Proc. SPIE 4712, Cockpit Displays IX: Displays for Defense Applications, 300 (August 28, 2002).

M. Zwicker, “Antialiasing for automultiscopic 3D displays,” InProceedings of 17th Eurographics Workshop on Rendering, June 2006, 73–82.

S. Yoshida, “fVisiOn: glasses-free tabletop 3-D display,” in Proceedings of Digital Holography and 3-D Imaging (Tokyo, 2011), DTuA1.

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: MOV (11596 KB)     

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) System configuration. (b) Configuration of flat light field scanning screen.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Mapping relation between projection image and reconstructed 3D object.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The image composition for an arbitrary viewpoint (a) Image composition for one viewpoint V. (b) Common display zone.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Configuration of 360-degree floating light field 3D display prototype system.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Photos of spatial line with different N. (a) N = 100(NV = 14); (b) N = 300(NV = 40); (c) N = 500(NV = 66); (d) N = 700(NV = 92).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

3D cube model and photos of the reconstructed floating display in different directions. (a) A 3D cube model; photos of the reconstructed 3D cube at (b) 0°; (c) 45° and (d) 90°.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Photos taken from differentdirections of the floating 3D scene (Media 1). (a) 0°; (b) 40°; (c) 80°.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

The resolution properties in common display zone. (a) Spatial point distribution of arbitrary cross-section in 3D display zone. (b) Distribution of spatial points in 3D display zone of our prototype system (where, RV = 500mm, h = 500mm, RS = 200mm, M = 768).

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

{ x p = H p sinαcos θ p y p = H p sinαsin θ p z p = H p cosα
x x 0 x P x 0 = y y 0 y P y 0 = z z 0 z P z 0 =k and x 2 + y 2 = R V 2
k= [ x 0 ( x P x 0 )+ y 0 ( y P y 0 )] [ ( x P x 0 ) 2 + ( y P y 0 ) 2 ] R V 2 ( x P y 0 x 0 y P ) 2 ( x P x 0 ) 2 + ( y P y 0 ) 2
[ x S y S ]= k z 0 h z 0 [ x P y P ]+ (k1) z 0 +h h z 0 [ x 0 y 0 ]
[ p x p y ]=round( M R S [ x S y S ]+ M 2 ) (1 p x M,1 p y M)
I V = j= N V /2 N V /2 I i+j ( S i+j T i+j T i+j+1 S i+j+1 )
H C = R S h/( R S + R V )
z m = mph R V +mp = 2h R S m M R V +2 R S m (0mM/2 )
N sp = m=0 M/2 η m η×M×M

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