Abstract

Based on the generalized nonlinear Schrödinger equation, we present a numerical study of trapping of dispersive waves by solitons during supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers pumped with femtosecond pulses in the anomalous dispersion region. Numerical simulation results show that the generated supercontinuum is bounded by two branches of dispersive waves, namely blue-shifted dispersive waves (B-DWs) and red-shifted dispersive waves (R-DWs). We find a novel phenomenon that not only B-DWs but also R-DWs can be trapped by solitons across the zero-dispersion wavelength when the group-velocity matching between the soliton and the dispersive wave is satisfied, which may led to the generation of new spectral components via mixing of solitons and dispersive waves. Mixing of solitons with dispersive waves has been shown to play an important role in shaping not only the edge of the supercontinuum, but also its central part around the higher zero-dispersion wavelength. Further, we show that the phenomenon of soliton trapping of dispersive waves in photonic crystal fibers with two zero-dispersion wavelengths has a very close relationship with pumping power and the interval between two zero-dispersion wavelengths. In order to clearly display the evolution of soliton trapping of dispersive waves, the spectrogram of output pulses is observed using cross-correlation frequency-resolved optical gating technique (XFROG).

© 2013 OSA

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2013 (1)

2012 (1)

2011 (3)

2010 (6)

2009 (4)

2008 (2)

2007 (4)

A. Mussot, M. Beaugeois, M. Bouazaoui, and T. Sylvestre, “Tailoring CW supercontinuum generation in microstructured fibers with two-zero dispersion wavelengths,” Opt. Express15(18), 11553–11563 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Bouncing of a dispersive pulse on an accelerating soliton and stepwise frequency conversion in optical fibers,” Opt. Express15(22), 14560–14565 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres,” Nat. Photonics1(11), 653–657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Theory of radiation trapping by the accelerating solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A76(5), 053803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

2005 (4)

M. H. Frosz, P. Falk, and O. Bang, “The role of the second zero-dispersion wavelength in generation of supercontinua and bright-bright soliton-pairs across the zero-dispersion wavelength,” Opt. Express13(16), 6181–6192 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Falk, M. Frosz, and O. Bang, “Supercontinuum generation in a photonic crystal fiber with two zero-dispersion wavelengths tapered to normal dispersion at all wavelengths,” Opt. Express13(19), 7535–7540 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. Russell, “Interaction of an optical soliton with a dispersive wave,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(21), 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Yulin, “Theory of generation of new frequencies by mixing of solitons and dispersive waves in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.72(1), 016619 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (7)

F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, and A. V. Yulin, “Theory of the soliton self-frequency shift compensation by the resonant radiationin photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.70(1), 016615 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Hilligsøe, T. V. Andersen, H. N. Paulsen, C. K. Nielsen, K. Mølmer, S. Keiding, R. Kristiansen, K. P. Hansen, and J. J. Larsen, “Supercontinuum generation in a photonic crystal fiber with two zero dispersion wavelengths,” Opt. Express12(6), 1045–1054 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, “Enhanced bandwidth of supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers,” Opt. Express12(15), 3471–3480 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. V. Andersen, K. M. Hilligsøe, C. K. Nielsen, J. Thøgersen, K. P. Hansen, S. R. Keiding, and J. J. Larsen, “Continuous-wave wavelength conversion in a photonic crystal fiber with two zero-dispersion wavelengths,” Opt. Express12(17), 4113–4122 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, and H. Ludvigsen, “Effect of cross-phase modulation on supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers with sub-30 fs pulses,” Opt. Express12(19), 4614–4624 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, and P. St. J. Russell, “Four-wave mixing of linear waves and solitons in fibers with higher-order dispersion,” Opt. Lett.29(20), 2411–2413 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. V. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: Experiment and modelling,” Opt. Express12(26), 6498–6507 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (6)

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, “Ultrafast All Optical Switching by Use of Pulse Trapping Across Zero-Dispersion Wavelength,” Opt. Express11(4), 359–365 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers,” Science301(5640), 1705–1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic Crystal Fibers,” Science299(5605), 358–362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, “Photonic crystal fibres,” Nature424(6950), 847–851 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, “Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres,” Nature424(6948), 511–515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Tartara, I. Cristiani, and V. Degiorgio, “Blue light and infrared continuum generation by soliton fission in a microstructured fiber,” Appl. Phys. B77(2–3), 307–311 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

2001 (2)

1995 (1)

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A51(3), 2602–2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akhmediev, N.

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A51(3), 2602–2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andersen, T. V.

Austin, D. R.

Bache, M.

Bang, O.

Beaugeois, M.

Biancalana, F.

S. Stark, F. Biancalana, A. Podlipensky, and P. St. J. Russell, “Nonlinear wavelength conversion in photonic crystal fibers with three zero dispersion points,” Phys. Rev. A83(2), 023808 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, and A. V. Yulin, “Theory of the soliton self-frequency shift compensation by the resonant radiationin photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.70(1), 016615 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. V. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: Experiment and modelling,” Opt. Express12(26), 6498–6507 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, “Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres,” Nature424(6948), 511–515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouazaoui, M.

Bouwmans, G.

Brown, T. G.

Chang, G. Q.

Chapman, B. H.

Chen, L.-J.

Coen, S.

Cristiani, I.

L. Tartara, I. Cristiani, and V. Degiorgio, “Blue light and infrared continuum generation by soliton fission in a microstructured fiber,” Appl. Phys. B77(2–3), 307–311 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cumberland, B. A.

Dai, Y. T.

de Sterke, C. M.

Degiorgio, V.

L. Tartara, I. Cristiani, and V. Degiorgio, “Blue light and infrared continuum generation by soliton fission in a microstructured fiber,” Appl. Phys. B77(2–3), 307–311 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Douay, M.

Driben, R.

Dudley, J.

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Efimov, A.

A. Efimov, A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. Russell, “Interaction of an optical soliton with a dispersive wave,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(21), 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. V. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: Experiment and modelling,” Opt. Express12(26), 6498–6507 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, “Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres,” Nature424(6948), 511–515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eggleton, B. J.

Falk, P.

Frosz, M.

Frosz, M. H.

Genty, G.

Gorbach, A. V.

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Gorbach, “Colloquium: Looking at a soliton through the prism of optical supercontinuum,” Rev. Mod. Phys.82(2), 1287–1299 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Soliton self-frequency shift, non-solitonic radiation and self-induced transparency in air-core fibers,” Opt. Express16(7), 4858–4865 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Bouncing of a dispersive pulse on an accelerating soliton and stepwise frequency conversion in optical fibers,” Opt. Express15(22), 14560–14565 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres,” Nat. Photonics1(11), 653–657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Theory of radiation trapping by the accelerating solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A76(5), 053803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, J. M. Stone, and J. C. Knight, “Four-wave mixing of solitons with radiation and quasi-nondispersive wave packets at the short-wavelength edge of a supercontinuum,” Opt. Express14(21), 9854–9863 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goto, T.

Gu, X.

Guo, H. R.

Hansen, K. P.

Herrmann, J.

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, “Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87(20), 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hill, S.

Hilligsøe, K. M.

Hong, X. B.

Hu, J. G.

Husakou, A. V.

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, “Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87(20), 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jian, S.

Joly, N.

A. Efimov, A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. Russell, “Interaction of an optical soliton with a dispersive wave,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(21), 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joly, N. Y.

Judge, A. C.

Kaivola, M.

Kaminski, C. F.

Karlsson, M.

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A51(3), 2602–2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kärtner, F. X.

Keiding, S.

Keiding, S. R.

Kimmel, M.

Knight, J. C.

A. V. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, J. M. Stone, and J. C. Knight, “Four-wave mixing of solitons with radiation and quasi-nondispersive wave packets at the short-wavelength edge of a supercontinuum,” Opt. Express14(21), 9854–9863 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. Russell, “Interaction of an optical soliton with a dispersive wave,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(21), 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. V. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: Experiment and modelling,” Opt. Express12(26), 6498–6507 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, “Photonic crystal fibres,” Nature424(6950), 847–851 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers,” Science301(5640), 1705–1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, “Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres,” Nature424(6948), 511–515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

König, F.

Kristiansen, R.

Kudlinski, A.

Kuklewicz, C. E.

Larsen, J. J.

Laurila, T.

Lehtonen, M.

Leonhardt, U.

Li, Y.

Lin, J. T.

Liu, C.

Liu, H. Y.

Luan, F.

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers,” Science301(5640), 1705–1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ludvigsen, H.

Martijn de Sterke, C.

Mitschke, F.

Mølmer, K.

Moses, J.

Mussot, A.

Nielsen, C. K.

Nishizawa, N.

O’Shea, P.

Omenetto, F. G.

A. Efimov, A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. Russell, “Interaction of an optical soliton with a dispersive wave,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(21), 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. V. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: Experiment and modelling,” Opt. Express12(26), 6498–6507 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, “Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres,” Nature424(6948), 511–515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paulsen, H. N.

Podlipensky, A.

S. Stark, F. Biancalana, A. Podlipensky, and P. St. J. Russell, “Nonlinear wavelength conversion in photonic crystal fibers with three zero dispersion points,” Phys. Rev. A83(2), 023808 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Popov, S. V.

Rees, E. J.

Reeves, W. H.

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, “Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres,” Nature424(6948), 511–515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rulkov, A. B.

Russell, P.

A. Efimov, A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. Russell, “Interaction of an optical soliton with a dispersive wave,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(21), 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P. S. J.

Russell, P. St. J.

S. Stark, F. Biancalana, A. Podlipensky, and P. St. J. Russell, “Nonlinear wavelength conversion in photonic crystal fibers with three zero dispersion points,” Phys. Rev. A83(2), 023808 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, and P. St. J. Russell, “Four-wave mixing of linear waves and solitons in fibers with higher-order dispersion,” Opt. Lett.29(20), 2411–2413 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic Crystal Fibers,” Science299(5605), 358–362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, “Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres,” Nature424(6948), 511–515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Skryabin, D. V.

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Gorbach, “Colloquium: Looking at a soliton through the prism of optical supercontinuum,” Rev. Mod. Phys.82(2), 1287–1299 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Soliton self-frequency shift, non-solitonic radiation and self-induced transparency in air-core fibers,” Opt. Express16(7), 4858–4865 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Bouncing of a dispersive pulse on an accelerating soliton and stepwise frequency conversion in optical fibers,” Opt. Express15(22), 14560–14565 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Theory of radiation trapping by the accelerating solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A76(5), 053803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres,” Nat. Photonics1(11), 653–657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, J. M. Stone, and J. C. Knight, “Four-wave mixing of solitons with radiation and quasi-nondispersive wave packets at the short-wavelength edge of a supercontinuum,” Opt. Express14(21), 9854–9863 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. Russell, “Interaction of an optical soliton with a dispersive wave,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(21), 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Yulin, “Theory of generation of new frequencies by mixing of solitons and dispersive waves in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.72(1), 016619 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, and P. St. J. Russell, “Four-wave mixing of linear waves and solitons in fibers with higher-order dispersion,” Opt. Lett.29(20), 2411–2413 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. V. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: Experiment and modelling,” Opt. Express12(26), 6498–6507 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, and A. V. Yulin, “Theory of the soliton self-frequency shift compensation by the resonant radiationin photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.70(1), 016615 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, “Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres,” Nature424(6948), 511–515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers,” Science301(5640), 1705–1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stark, S.

S. Stark, F. Biancalana, A. Podlipensky, and P. St. J. Russell, “Nonlinear wavelength conversion in photonic crystal fibers with three zero dispersion points,” Phys. Rev. A83(2), 023808 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Stone, J. M.

Sylvestre, T.

Taki, M.

Tartara, L.

L. Tartara, I. Cristiani, and V. Degiorgio, “Blue light and infrared continuum generation by soliton fission in a microstructured fiber,” Appl. Phys. B77(2–3), 307–311 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

A. Efimov, A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. Russell, “Interaction of an optical soliton with a dispersive wave,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(21), 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. V. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: Experiment and modelling,” Opt. Express12(26), 6498–6507 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, “Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres,” Nature424(6948), 511–515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taylor, J. R.

Thøgersen, J.

Travers, J. C.

Trebino, R.

Wang, S. F.

Windeler, R.

Wise, F. W.

Wu, J.

Xu, C.

Xu, K.

Xu, L.

Yulin, A. V.

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Yulin, “Theory of generation of new frequencies by mixing of solitons and dispersive waves in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.72(1), 016619 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. Russell, “Interaction of an optical soliton with a dispersive wave,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(21), 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, and A. V. Yulin, “Theory of the soliton self-frequency shift compensation by the resonant radiationin photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.70(1), 016615 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, and P. St. J. Russell, “Four-wave mixing of linear waves and solitons in fibers with higher-order dispersion,” Opt. Lett.29(20), 2411–2413 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. V. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: Experiment and modelling,” Opt. Express12(26), 6498–6507 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeek, E.

Zeng, X. L.

Zhavoronkov, N.

Zhou, B. B.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. Tartara, I. Cristiani, and V. Degiorgio, “Blue light and infrared continuum generation by soliton fission in a microstructured fiber,” Appl. Phys. B77(2–3), 307–311 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. (1)

J. C. Travers, “Blue extension of optical fibre supercontinuum generation,” J. Opt.12(11), 113001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photonics (1)

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Light trapping in gravity-like potentials and expansion of supercontinuum spectra in photonic-crystal fibres,” Nat. Photonics1(11), 653–657 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

J. C. Knight, “Photonic crystal fibres,” Nature424(6950), 847–851 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. H. Reeves, D. V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, F. G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A. J. Taylor, “Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres,” Nature424(6948), 511–515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (25)

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, “Characteristics of pulse trapping by ultrashort soliton pulse in optical fibers across zero-dispersion wavelength,” Opt. Express10(21), 1151–1160 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dudley, X. Gu, L. Xu, M. Kimmel, E. Zeek, P. O’Shea, R. Trebino, S. Coen, and R. Windeler, “Cross-correlation frequency resolved optical gating analysis of broadband continuum generation in photonic crystal fiber: simulations and experiments,” Opt. Express10(21), 1215–1221 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, “Ultrafast All Optical Switching by Use of Pulse Trapping Across Zero-Dispersion Wavelength,” Opt. Express11(4), 359–365 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. M. Hilligsøe, T. V. Andersen, H. N. Paulsen, C. K. Nielsen, K. Mølmer, S. Keiding, R. Kristiansen, K. P. Hansen, and J. J. Larsen, “Supercontinuum generation in a photonic crystal fiber with two zero dispersion wavelengths,” Opt. Express12(6), 1045–1054 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, H. Ludvigsen, and M. Kaivola, “Enhanced bandwidth of supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers,” Opt. Express12(15), 3471–3480 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. V. Andersen, K. M. Hilligsøe, C. K. Nielsen, J. Thøgersen, K. P. Hansen, S. R. Keiding, and J. J. Larsen, “Continuous-wave wavelength conversion in a photonic crystal fiber with two zero-dispersion wavelengths,” Opt. Express12(17), 4113–4122 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Genty, M. Lehtonen, and H. Ludvigsen, “Effect of cross-phase modulation on supercontinuum generated in microstructured fibers with sub-30 fs pulses,” Opt. Express12(19), 4614–4624 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A. J. Taylor, F. G. Omenetto, A. V. Yulin, N. Y. Joly, F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “Time-spectrally-resolved ultrafast nonlinear dynamics in small-core photonic crystal fibers: Experiment and modelling,” Opt. Express12(26), 6498–6507 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Frosz, P. Falk, and O. Bang, “The role of the second zero-dispersion wavelength in generation of supercontinua and bright-bright soliton-pairs across the zero-dispersion wavelength,” Opt. Express13(16), 6181–6192 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Falk, M. Frosz, and O. Bang, “Supercontinuum generation in a photonic crystal fiber with two zero-dispersion wavelengths tapered to normal dispersion at all wavelengths,” Opt. Express13(19), 7535–7540 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, J. M. Stone, and J. C. Knight, “Four-wave mixing of solitons with radiation and quasi-nondispersive wave packets at the short-wavelength edge of a supercontinuum,” Opt. Express14(21), 9854–9863 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Austin, C. M. de Sterke, B. J. Eggleton, and T. G. Brown, “Dispersive wave blue-shift in supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express14(25), 11997–12007 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Mussot, M. Beaugeois, M. Bouazaoui, and T. Sylvestre, “Tailoring CW supercontinuum generation in microstructured fibers with two-zero dispersion wavelengths,” Opt. Express15(18), 11553–11563 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Bouncing of a dispersive pulse on an accelerating soliton and stepwise frequency conversion in optical fibers,” Opt. Express15(22), 14560–14565 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Soliton self-frequency shift, non-solitonic radiation and self-induced transparency in air-core fibers,” Opt. Express16(7), 4858–4865 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Travers, A. B. Rulkov, B. A. Cumberland, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Visible supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers with a 400 W continuous wave fiber laser,” Opt. Express16(19), 14435–14447 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. H. Chapman, J. C. Travers, S. V. Popov, A. Mussot, and A. Kudlinski, “Long wavelength extension of CW-pumped supercontinuum through soliton-dispersive wave interactions,” Opt. Express18(24), 24729–24734 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Hill, C. E. Kuklewicz, U. Leonhardt, and F. König, “Evolution of light trapped by a soliton in a microstructured fiber,” Opt. Express17(16), 13588–13600 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Nishizawa and T. Goto, “Experimental analysis of ultrashort pulse propagation in optical fibers around zero-dispersion region using cross-correlation frequency resolved optical gating,” Opt. Express8(6), 328–334 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Travers, “Blue solitary waves from infrared continuous wave pumping of optical fibers,” Opt. Express17(3), 1502–1507 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Driben, F. Mitschke, and N. Zhavoronkov, “Cascaded interactions between Raman induced solitons and dispersive waves in photonic crystal fibers at the advanced stage of supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express18(25), 25993–25998 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Q. Chang, L.-J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Fiber-optic Cherenkov radiation in the few-cycle regime,” Opt. Express19(7), 6635–6647 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Bache, O. Bang, B. B. Zhou, J. Moses, and F. W. Wise, “Optical Cherenkov radiation by cascaded nonlinear interaction: an efficient source of few-cycle energetic near- to mid-IR pulses,” Opt. Express19(23), 22557–22562 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Liu, E. J. Rees, T. Laurila, S. Jian, and C. F. Kaminski, “Periodic interactions between solitons and dispersive waves during the generation of non-coherent supercontinuum radiation,” Opt. Express20(6), 6316–6324 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. F. Wang, J. G. Hu, H. R. Guo, and X. L. Zeng, “Optical Cherenkov radiation in an As2S3 slot waveguide with four zero-dispersion wavelengths,” Opt. Express21(3), 3067–3072 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

S. Stark, F. Biancalana, A. Podlipensky, and P. St. J. Russell, “Nonlinear wavelength conversion in photonic crystal fibers with three zero dispersion points,” Phys. Rev. A83(2), 023808 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, “Theory of radiation trapping by the accelerating solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A76(5), 053803 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, “Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A51(3), 2602–2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. (2)

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Yulin, “Theory of generation of new frequencies by mixing of solitons and dispersive waves in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.72(1), 016619 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Biancalana, D. V. Skryabin, and A. V. Yulin, “Theory of the soliton self-frequency shift compensation by the resonant radiationin photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.70(1), 016615 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

A. Efimov, A. V. Yulin, D. V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. Russell, “Interaction of an optical soliton with a dispersive wave,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(21), 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, “Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87(20), 203901 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (2)

D. V. Skryabin and A. V. Gorbach, “Colloquium: Looking at a soliton through the prism of optical supercontinuum,” Rev. Mod. Phys.82(2), 1287–1299 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

D. V. Skryabin, F. Luan, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “Soliton self-frequency shift cancellation in photonic crystal fibers,” Science301(5640), 1705–1708 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic Crystal Fibers,” Science299(5605), 358–362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Dispersion profiles as a function of the wavelength for PCF1 (black curve) and PCF2 (red curve). (b) Relative group delay as a function of the wavelength for PCF1 (black curve) and PCF2 (red curve).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Evolution of the temporal (a) and spectral (b) signatures as a function of fiber length. (c) The corresponding numerical X-FROG trace at the fiber output. The vertical dashed lines in (b) mark the two ZDWs of the fiber, separating regions of normal and anomalous dispersion.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The numerical X-FROG trace at the fiber output for pump power is 350 W.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The numerical X-FROG traces of the pulse for different propagation lengths z . (a) z = 0 cm, (b) z = 3 cm, (c) z = 10 cm, (d) z = 25 cm, (e) z = 35 cm, (f) z = 45 cm .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The evolution of the numerical X-FROG traces in PCF2 for various values of propagation lengths z. (a) z = 0 cm, (b) z = 3 cm, (c) z = 10 cm, (d) z = 25 cm, (e) z = 35 cm, (f) z = 45 cm.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

A( z,T ) z = k2 i k+1 β k k! k A T k dispersion + iγ( 1+ i ω 0 T )[ A( z,T ) + R( T' ) | A( z,TT' ) | 2 dT' ] nonlinear
S( t,ω )= | + dt' A ref ( t't )A( t' ) e iωt | 2
Δβ=β( ω p )β( ω DW )=( 1 f R )γ( ω p ) P p n2 n=15 ( ω DW ω p ) n n! β n ( ω p )=0

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