Abstract

We propose a display for stereoscopically representing an arbitrary object that is responsive to an arbitrary physical illumination source in the display environment. Our scheme is based on the eight-dimensional reflectance field, which contains angular and spatial information of incoming and outgoing light rays of an object, and is also known as the bidirectional scattering surface reflectance distribution function (BSSRDF). This system is composed of an integral photography unit, an integral display unit, and a processor connecting these units. The concept was demonstrated experimentally. In the demonstrations, a stereoscopically represented object responded to changes in physical illumination coming toward the display.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. A. Stern and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional image sensing, visualization, and processing using integral imaging,” Proc. IEEE94, 591–607 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. X. Xiao, B. Javidi, M. Martinez-Corral, and A. Stern, “Advances in three-dimensional integral imaging: sensing, display, and applications,” Appl. Opt.52, 546–560 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Levoy and P. Hanrahan, “Light field rendering,” in “Proc. ACM SIGGRAPH,” (ACM Press, 1996), pp. 43–54.
  4. G. M. Lippmann, “La photographie integrale,” Comptes-Rendus Academie des Sciences146, 446–451 (1908).
  5. R. Ng, “Fourier slice photography,” ACM Trans. Graph.24, 735–744 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Levoy, “Light fields and computational imaging,” IEEE Computer39, 46–55 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Arai, H. Kawai, and F. Okano, “Microlens arrays for integral imaging system,” Appl. Opt.45, 9066–9078 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Y. Takaki and N. Nago, “Multi-projection of lenticular displays to construct a 256-view super multi-view display,” Opt. Express18, 8824–8835 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. K. Nayar, P. N. Belhumeur, and T. E. Boult, “Lighting sensitive display,” ACM Trans. Graph.23, 963–979 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Koike and T. Naemura, “BRDF displays,” in “Proc. SIGGRAPH ’07 poster presentation,” (2007), pp. 1–4.
  11. M. Fuchs, R. Raskar, H.-P. Seidel, and H. P. A. Lensch, “Towards passive 6D reflectance field displays,” ACM Trans. Graph.27, 581–58:8 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. B. Hullin, H. P. A. Lensch, R. Raskar, H.-P. Seidel, and I. Ihrke, “Dynamic display of BRDFs,” in “Proc. EUROGRAPHICS,” (2011), pp. 475–483.
  13. A. Isaksen, L. McMillan, and S. J. Gortler, “Dynamically reparameterized light fields,” in “Proc. SIGGRAPH ’00,” (2000), pp. 297–306.
    [CrossRef]
  14. X. Sang, F. C. Fan, C. C. Jiang, S. Choi, W. Dou, C. Yu, and D. Xu, “Demonstration of a large-size real-time full-color three-dimensional display,” Opt. Lett.34, 3803–3805 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. Y. Taguchi, T. Koike, K. Takahashi, and T. Naemura, “TransCAIP: A live 3D TV system using a camera array and an integral photography display with interactive control of viewing parameters,” IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graphics15, 841–852 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  16. X. Jiao, X. Zhao, Y. Yang, Z. Fang, and X. Yuan, “Dual-camera enabled real-time three-dimensional integral imaging pick-up and display,” Opt. Express20, 27304–27311 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. Y. Igarashi, H. Murata, and M. Ueda, “3-D display system using a computer generated integral photograph,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.17, 1683 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  18. S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Three-dimensional display system based on computer-generated integral photography,” in “Proc. SPIE,” (2001), 4297, pp. 187–195.
  19. H. Liao, M. Iwahara, N. Hata, and T. Dohi, “High-quality integral videography using a multiprojector,” Opt. Express12, 1067–1076 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. P. Debevec, T. Hawkins, C. Tchou, H.-P. Duiker, W. Sarokin, and M. Sagar, “Acquiring the reflectance field of a human face,” in “Proc. SIGGRAPH ’00,” (2000), pp. 145–156.
    [CrossRef]
  21. F. E. Nicodemus, J. C. Richmond, J. J. Hsia, I. W. Ginsberg, and T. Limperis, Geometrical Considerations and Nomenclature for Reflectance, vol. 160 of Monograph (National Bureau of Standards, US, 1977).
  22. H. W. Jensen, S. R. Marschner, M. Levoy, and P. Hanrahan, “A practical model for subsurface light transport,” in “Proc. SIGGRAPH ’01,” (ACM, New York, NY, USA, 2001), pp. 511–518.
    [CrossRef]
  23. R. Horisaki, Y. Tampa, and J. Tanida, “Compressive reflectance field acquisition using confocal imaging with variable coded apertures,” in “Computational Optical Sensing and Imaging,” (2012), p. CTu3B.4.
  24. S. Tagawa, Y. Mukaigawa, and Y. Yagi, “8-D reflectance field for computational photography,” in “Proc. ICPR 2012,” (2012), pp. 2181–2185.

2013

2012

X. Jiao, X. Zhao, Y. Yang, Z. Fang, and X. Yuan, “Dual-camera enabled real-time three-dimensional integral imaging pick-up and display,” Opt. Express20, 27304–27311 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tagawa, Y. Mukaigawa, and Y. Yagi, “8-D reflectance field for computational photography,” in “Proc. ICPR 2012,” (2012), pp. 2181–2185.

2011

M. B. Hullin, H. P. A. Lensch, R. Raskar, H.-P. Seidel, and I. Ihrke, “Dynamic display of BRDFs,” in “Proc. EUROGRAPHICS,” (2011), pp. 475–483.

2010

2009

X. Sang, F. C. Fan, C. C. Jiang, S. Choi, W. Dou, C. Yu, and D. Xu, “Demonstration of a large-size real-time full-color three-dimensional display,” Opt. Lett.34, 3803–3805 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Taguchi, T. Koike, K. Takahashi, and T. Naemura, “TransCAIP: A live 3D TV system using a camera array and an integral photography display with interactive control of viewing parameters,” IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graphics15, 841–852 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

M. Fuchs, R. Raskar, H.-P. Seidel, and H. P. A. Lensch, “Towards passive 6D reflectance field displays,” ACM Trans. Graph.27, 581–58:8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

T. Koike and T. Naemura, “BRDF displays,” in “Proc. SIGGRAPH ’07 poster presentation,” (2007), pp. 1–4.

2006

M. Levoy, “Light fields and computational imaging,” IEEE Computer39, 46–55 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Stern and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional image sensing, visualization, and processing using integral imaging,” Proc. IEEE94, 591–607 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Arai, H. Kawai, and F. Okano, “Microlens arrays for integral imaging system,” Appl. Opt.45, 9066–9078 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

R. Ng, “Fourier slice photography,” ACM Trans. Graph.24, 735–744 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

S. K. Nayar, P. N. Belhumeur, and T. E. Boult, “Lighting sensitive display,” ACM Trans. Graph.23, 963–979 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Liao, M. Iwahara, N. Hata, and T. Dohi, “High-quality integral videography using a multiprojector,” Opt. Express12, 1067–1076 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Three-dimensional display system based on computer-generated integral photography,” in “Proc. SPIE,” (2001), 4297, pp. 187–195.

2000

P. Debevec, T. Hawkins, C. Tchou, H.-P. Duiker, W. Sarokin, and M. Sagar, “Acquiring the reflectance field of a human face,” in “Proc. SIGGRAPH ’00,” (2000), pp. 145–156.
[CrossRef]

A. Isaksen, L. McMillan, and S. J. Gortler, “Dynamically reparameterized light fields,” in “Proc. SIGGRAPH ’00,” (2000), pp. 297–306.
[CrossRef]

1978

Y. Igarashi, H. Murata, and M. Ueda, “3-D display system using a computer generated integral photograph,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.17, 1683 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1908

G. M. Lippmann, “La photographie integrale,” Comptes-Rendus Academie des Sciences146, 446–451 (1908).

Arai, J.

Belhumeur, P. N.

S. K. Nayar, P. N. Belhumeur, and T. E. Boult, “Lighting sensitive display,” ACM Trans. Graph.23, 963–979 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Boult, T. E.

S. K. Nayar, P. N. Belhumeur, and T. E. Boult, “Lighting sensitive display,” ACM Trans. Graph.23, 963–979 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S.

Debevec, P.

P. Debevec, T. Hawkins, C. Tchou, H.-P. Duiker, W. Sarokin, and M. Sagar, “Acquiring the reflectance field of a human face,” in “Proc. SIGGRAPH ’00,” (2000), pp. 145–156.
[CrossRef]

Dohi, T.

Dou, W.

Duiker, H.-P.

P. Debevec, T. Hawkins, C. Tchou, H.-P. Duiker, W. Sarokin, and M. Sagar, “Acquiring the reflectance field of a human face,” in “Proc. SIGGRAPH ’00,” (2000), pp. 145–156.
[CrossRef]

Fan, F. C.

Fang, Z.

Fuchs, M.

M. Fuchs, R. Raskar, H.-P. Seidel, and H. P. A. Lensch, “Towards passive 6D reflectance field displays,” ACM Trans. Graph.27, 581–58:8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ginsberg, I. W.

F. E. Nicodemus, J. C. Richmond, J. J. Hsia, I. W. Ginsberg, and T. Limperis, Geometrical Considerations and Nomenclature for Reflectance, vol. 160 of Monograph (National Bureau of Standards, US, 1977).

Gortler, S. J.

A. Isaksen, L. McMillan, and S. J. Gortler, “Dynamically reparameterized light fields,” in “Proc. SIGGRAPH ’00,” (2000), pp. 297–306.
[CrossRef]

Hanrahan, P.

H. W. Jensen, S. R. Marschner, M. Levoy, and P. Hanrahan, “A practical model for subsurface light transport,” in “Proc. SIGGRAPH ’01,” (ACM, New York, NY, USA, 2001), pp. 511–518.
[CrossRef]

M. Levoy and P. Hanrahan, “Light field rendering,” in “Proc. ACM SIGGRAPH,” (ACM Press, 1996), pp. 43–54.

Hata, N.

Hawkins, T.

P. Debevec, T. Hawkins, C. Tchou, H.-P. Duiker, W. Sarokin, and M. Sagar, “Acquiring the reflectance field of a human face,” in “Proc. SIGGRAPH ’00,” (2000), pp. 145–156.
[CrossRef]

Horisaki, R.

R. Horisaki, Y. Tampa, and J. Tanida, “Compressive reflectance field acquisition using confocal imaging with variable coded apertures,” in “Computational Optical Sensing and Imaging,” (2012), p. CTu3B.4.

Hsia, J. J.

F. E. Nicodemus, J. C. Richmond, J. J. Hsia, I. W. Ginsberg, and T. Limperis, Geometrical Considerations and Nomenclature for Reflectance, vol. 160 of Monograph (National Bureau of Standards, US, 1977).

Hullin, M. B.

M. B. Hullin, H. P. A. Lensch, R. Raskar, H.-P. Seidel, and I. Ihrke, “Dynamic display of BRDFs,” in “Proc. EUROGRAPHICS,” (2011), pp. 475–483.

Igarashi, Y.

Y. Igarashi, H. Murata, and M. Ueda, “3-D display system using a computer generated integral photograph,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.17, 1683 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Ihrke, I.

M. B. Hullin, H. P. A. Lensch, R. Raskar, H.-P. Seidel, and I. Ihrke, “Dynamic display of BRDFs,” in “Proc. EUROGRAPHICS,” (2011), pp. 475–483.

Isaksen, A.

A. Isaksen, L. McMillan, and S. J. Gortler, “Dynamically reparameterized light fields,” in “Proc. SIGGRAPH ’00,” (2000), pp. 297–306.
[CrossRef]

Iwahara, M.

Javidi, B.

X. Xiao, B. Javidi, M. Martinez-Corral, and A. Stern, “Advances in three-dimensional integral imaging: sensing, display, and applications,” Appl. Opt.52, 546–560 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Stern and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional image sensing, visualization, and processing using integral imaging,” Proc. IEEE94, 591–607 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, H. W.

H. W. Jensen, S. R. Marschner, M. Levoy, and P. Hanrahan, “A practical model for subsurface light transport,” in “Proc. SIGGRAPH ’01,” (ACM, New York, NY, USA, 2001), pp. 511–518.
[CrossRef]

Jiang, C. C.

Jiao, X.

Jung, S.

S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Three-dimensional display system based on computer-generated integral photography,” in “Proc. SPIE,” (2001), 4297, pp. 187–195.

Kawai, H.

Koike, T.

Y. Taguchi, T. Koike, K. Takahashi, and T. Naemura, “TransCAIP: A live 3D TV system using a camera array and an integral photography display with interactive control of viewing parameters,” IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graphics15, 841–852 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Koike and T. Naemura, “BRDF displays,” in “Proc. SIGGRAPH ’07 poster presentation,” (2007), pp. 1–4.

Lee, B.

S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Three-dimensional display system based on computer-generated integral photography,” in “Proc. SPIE,” (2001), 4297, pp. 187–195.

Lensch, H. P. A.

M. B. Hullin, H. P. A. Lensch, R. Raskar, H.-P. Seidel, and I. Ihrke, “Dynamic display of BRDFs,” in “Proc. EUROGRAPHICS,” (2011), pp. 475–483.

M. Fuchs, R. Raskar, H.-P. Seidel, and H. P. A. Lensch, “Towards passive 6D reflectance field displays,” ACM Trans. Graph.27, 581–58:8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Levoy, M.

M. Levoy, “Light fields and computational imaging,” IEEE Computer39, 46–55 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Jensen, S. R. Marschner, M. Levoy, and P. Hanrahan, “A practical model for subsurface light transport,” in “Proc. SIGGRAPH ’01,” (ACM, New York, NY, USA, 2001), pp. 511–518.
[CrossRef]

M. Levoy and P. Hanrahan, “Light field rendering,” in “Proc. ACM SIGGRAPH,” (ACM Press, 1996), pp. 43–54.

Liao, H.

Limperis, T.

F. E. Nicodemus, J. C. Richmond, J. J. Hsia, I. W. Ginsberg, and T. Limperis, Geometrical Considerations and Nomenclature for Reflectance, vol. 160 of Monograph (National Bureau of Standards, US, 1977).

Lippmann, G. M.

G. M. Lippmann, “La photographie integrale,” Comptes-Rendus Academie des Sciences146, 446–451 (1908).

Marschner, S. R.

H. W. Jensen, S. R. Marschner, M. Levoy, and P. Hanrahan, “A practical model for subsurface light transport,” in “Proc. SIGGRAPH ’01,” (ACM, New York, NY, USA, 2001), pp. 511–518.
[CrossRef]

Martinez-Corral, M.

McMillan, L.

A. Isaksen, L. McMillan, and S. J. Gortler, “Dynamically reparameterized light fields,” in “Proc. SIGGRAPH ’00,” (2000), pp. 297–306.
[CrossRef]

Min, S.-W.

S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Three-dimensional display system based on computer-generated integral photography,” in “Proc. SPIE,” (2001), 4297, pp. 187–195.

Mukaigawa, Y.

S. Tagawa, Y. Mukaigawa, and Y. Yagi, “8-D reflectance field for computational photography,” in “Proc. ICPR 2012,” (2012), pp. 2181–2185.

Murata, H.

Y. Igarashi, H. Murata, and M. Ueda, “3-D display system using a computer generated integral photograph,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.17, 1683 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Naemura, T.

Y. Taguchi, T. Koike, K. Takahashi, and T. Naemura, “TransCAIP: A live 3D TV system using a camera array and an integral photography display with interactive control of viewing parameters,” IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graphics15, 841–852 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Koike and T. Naemura, “BRDF displays,” in “Proc. SIGGRAPH ’07 poster presentation,” (2007), pp. 1–4.

Nago, N.

Nayar, S. K.

S. K. Nayar, P. N. Belhumeur, and T. E. Boult, “Lighting sensitive display,” ACM Trans. Graph.23, 963–979 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ng, R.

R. Ng, “Fourier slice photography,” ACM Trans. Graph.24, 735–744 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nicodemus, F. E.

F. E. Nicodemus, J. C. Richmond, J. J. Hsia, I. W. Ginsberg, and T. Limperis, Geometrical Considerations and Nomenclature for Reflectance, vol. 160 of Monograph (National Bureau of Standards, US, 1977).

Okano, F.

Park, J.-H.

S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Three-dimensional display system based on computer-generated integral photography,” in “Proc. SPIE,” (2001), 4297, pp. 187–195.

Raskar, R.

M. B. Hullin, H. P. A. Lensch, R. Raskar, H.-P. Seidel, and I. Ihrke, “Dynamic display of BRDFs,” in “Proc. EUROGRAPHICS,” (2011), pp. 475–483.

M. Fuchs, R. Raskar, H.-P. Seidel, and H. P. A. Lensch, “Towards passive 6D reflectance field displays,” ACM Trans. Graph.27, 581–58:8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Richmond, J. C.

F. E. Nicodemus, J. C. Richmond, J. J. Hsia, I. W. Ginsberg, and T. Limperis, Geometrical Considerations and Nomenclature for Reflectance, vol. 160 of Monograph (National Bureau of Standards, US, 1977).

Sagar, M.

P. Debevec, T. Hawkins, C. Tchou, H.-P. Duiker, W. Sarokin, and M. Sagar, “Acquiring the reflectance field of a human face,” in “Proc. SIGGRAPH ’00,” (2000), pp. 145–156.
[CrossRef]

Sang, X.

Sarokin, W.

P. Debevec, T. Hawkins, C. Tchou, H.-P. Duiker, W. Sarokin, and M. Sagar, “Acquiring the reflectance field of a human face,” in “Proc. SIGGRAPH ’00,” (2000), pp. 145–156.
[CrossRef]

Seidel, H.-P.

M. B. Hullin, H. P. A. Lensch, R. Raskar, H.-P. Seidel, and I. Ihrke, “Dynamic display of BRDFs,” in “Proc. EUROGRAPHICS,” (2011), pp. 475–483.

M. Fuchs, R. Raskar, H.-P. Seidel, and H. P. A. Lensch, “Towards passive 6D reflectance field displays,” ACM Trans. Graph.27, 581–58:8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stern, A.

X. Xiao, B. Javidi, M. Martinez-Corral, and A. Stern, “Advances in three-dimensional integral imaging: sensing, display, and applications,” Appl. Opt.52, 546–560 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Stern and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional image sensing, visualization, and processing using integral imaging,” Proc. IEEE94, 591–607 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tagawa, S.

S. Tagawa, Y. Mukaigawa, and Y. Yagi, “8-D reflectance field for computational photography,” in “Proc. ICPR 2012,” (2012), pp. 2181–2185.

Taguchi, Y.

Y. Taguchi, T. Koike, K. Takahashi, and T. Naemura, “TransCAIP: A live 3D TV system using a camera array and an integral photography display with interactive control of viewing parameters,” IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graphics15, 841–852 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, K.

Y. Taguchi, T. Koike, K. Takahashi, and T. Naemura, “TransCAIP: A live 3D TV system using a camera array and an integral photography display with interactive control of viewing parameters,” IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graphics15, 841–852 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Takaki, Y.

Tampa, Y.

R. Horisaki, Y. Tampa, and J. Tanida, “Compressive reflectance field acquisition using confocal imaging with variable coded apertures,” in “Computational Optical Sensing and Imaging,” (2012), p. CTu3B.4.

Tanida, J.

R. Horisaki, Y. Tampa, and J. Tanida, “Compressive reflectance field acquisition using confocal imaging with variable coded apertures,” in “Computational Optical Sensing and Imaging,” (2012), p. CTu3B.4.

Tchou, C.

P. Debevec, T. Hawkins, C. Tchou, H.-P. Duiker, W. Sarokin, and M. Sagar, “Acquiring the reflectance field of a human face,” in “Proc. SIGGRAPH ’00,” (2000), pp. 145–156.
[CrossRef]

Ueda, M.

Y. Igarashi, H. Murata, and M. Ueda, “3-D display system using a computer generated integral photograph,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.17, 1683 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, X.

Xu, D.

Yagi, Y.

S. Tagawa, Y. Mukaigawa, and Y. Yagi, “8-D reflectance field for computational photography,” in “Proc. ICPR 2012,” (2012), pp. 2181–2185.

Yang, Y.

Yu, C.

Yuan, X.

Zhao, X.

ACM Trans. Graph.

R. Ng, “Fourier slice photography,” ACM Trans. Graph.24, 735–744 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Nayar, P. N. Belhumeur, and T. E. Boult, “Lighting sensitive display,” ACM Trans. Graph.23, 963–979 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Fuchs, R. Raskar, H.-P. Seidel, and H. P. A. Lensch, “Towards passive 6D reflectance field displays,” ACM Trans. Graph.27, 581–58:8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Comptes-Rendus Academie des Sciences

G. M. Lippmann, “La photographie integrale,” Comptes-Rendus Academie des Sciences146, 446–451 (1908).

IEEE Computer

M. Levoy, “Light fields and computational imaging,” IEEE Computer39, 46–55 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graphics

Y. Taguchi, T. Koike, K. Takahashi, and T. Naemura, “TransCAIP: A live 3D TV system using a camera array and an integral photography display with interactive control of viewing parameters,” IEEE Trans. Vis. Comput. Graphics15, 841–852 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

Y. Igarashi, H. Murata, and M. Ueda, “3-D display system using a computer generated integral photograph,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.17, 1683 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Three-dimensional display system based on computer-generated integral photography,” in “Proc. SPIE,” (2001), 4297, pp. 187–195.

Proc. EUROGRAPHICS

M. B. Hullin, H. P. A. Lensch, R. Raskar, H.-P. Seidel, and I. Ihrke, “Dynamic display of BRDFs,” in “Proc. EUROGRAPHICS,” (2011), pp. 475–483.

Proc. ICPR 2012

S. Tagawa, Y. Mukaigawa, and Y. Yagi, “8-D reflectance field for computational photography,” in “Proc. ICPR 2012,” (2012), pp. 2181–2185.

Proc. IEEE

A. Stern and B. Javidi, “Three-dimensional image sensing, visualization, and processing using integral imaging,” Proc. IEEE94, 591–607 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SIGGRAPH ’00

P. Debevec, T. Hawkins, C. Tchou, H.-P. Duiker, W. Sarokin, and M. Sagar, “Acquiring the reflectance field of a human face,” in “Proc. SIGGRAPH ’00,” (2000), pp. 145–156.
[CrossRef]

A. Isaksen, L. McMillan, and S. J. Gortler, “Dynamically reparameterized light fields,” in “Proc. SIGGRAPH ’00,” (2000), pp. 297–306.
[CrossRef]

Proc. SIGGRAPH ’07 poster presentation

T. Koike and T. Naemura, “BRDF displays,” in “Proc. SIGGRAPH ’07 poster presentation,” (2007), pp. 1–4.

Other

M. Levoy and P. Hanrahan, “Light field rendering,” in “Proc. ACM SIGGRAPH,” (ACM Press, 1996), pp. 43–54.

F. E. Nicodemus, J. C. Richmond, J. J. Hsia, I. W. Ginsberg, and T. Limperis, Geometrical Considerations and Nomenclature for Reflectance, vol. 160 of Monograph (National Bureau of Standards, US, 1977).

H. W. Jensen, S. R. Marschner, M. Levoy, and P. Hanrahan, “A practical model for subsurface light transport,” in “Proc. SIGGRAPH ’01,” (ACM, New York, NY, USA, 2001), pp. 511–518.
[CrossRef]

R. Horisaki, Y. Tampa, and J. Tanida, “Compressive reflectance field acquisition using confocal imaging with variable coded apertures,” in “Computational Optical Sensing and Imaging,” (2012), p. CTu3B.4.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Incoming and outgoing light field of an object.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the computational reflectance field display system, where ILF is the incoming light field observed by the integral photography unit, and OLF is the outgoing light field reproduced by the integral display unit.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Flow of the computational reflectance field display system. (a) ILF observation, (b) computational process, and (c) OLF reproduction.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Object and illumination. (a) Front and (b) top views.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Reproduced object. Views from (a) the center and (b) the left under illumination from the right of the observer. Views from (c) the center and (d) the left under illumination from the left of the observer.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

( u , v , s , t , u , v , s , t ) = d out ( u , v , s , t ) d in ( u , v , s , t ) ,
out ( u , v , s , t ) = u v s t ( u , v , s , t , u , v , s , t ) × in ( u , v , s , t ) .

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