Abstract

A liquid crystal (LC) device, called a “q-plate” (QP), which is based on axially symmetric photo-alignment was investigated. The electrically tunable LC QP device could be modulated to control the shape and polarization of a linearly polarized Gaussian laser beam that propagated through it. The intensity profile and polarization distribution were simulated by MATLAB and 1D-DIMOS. The results of the simulation were consistent with experimental findings. In the fabricated electrically tunable LC QP device, switching between different beam-profile configurations can be realized by applying a voltage. Moreover, the fabrication of an LC QP is relatively simple, and the device has potential for such practical applications as beam shape modulators and spatial polarization converters use in diffractive optics and imaging systems.

© 2013 OSA

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2013 (1)

S. Slussarenko, B. Piccirillo, V. Chigrinov, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Liquid crystal spatial-mode converters for the orbital angular momentum of light,” J. Opt. 15(2), 025406 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

S. Slussarenko, A. Murauski, T. Du, V. Chigrinov, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Tunable liquid crystal q-plates with arbitrary topological charge,” Opt. Express 19(5), 4085–4090 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Marrucci, E. Karimi, S. Slussarenko, B. Piccirillo, E. Santamato, E. Nagali, and F. Sciarrino, “Spin-to-orbital conversion of the angular momentum of light and its classical and quantum applications,” J. Opt. 13(6), 064001 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

E. Karimi, S. Slussarenko, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Polarization-controlled evolution of light transverse modes and associated pancharatnam geometric phase in orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 053813 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Hajizadeh and S. N. S. Reihani, “Optimized optical trapping of gold nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 18(2), 551–559 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

2008 (2)

C. Selhuber-Unkel, I. Zins, O. Schubert, C. Sönnichsen, and L. B. Oddershede, “Quantitative optical trapping of single gold nanorods,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2998–3003 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y.-Y. Tzeng, S.-W. Ke, C.-L. Ting, A. Y.-G. Fuh, and T.-H. Lin, “Axially symmetric polarization converters based on photo-aligned liquid crystal films,” Opt. Express 16(6), 3768–3775 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

C. Maurer, A. Jesacher, S. F¨urhapter, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-Marte, “Tailoring of arbitrary optical vector beams,” New J. Phys. 9(3), 78 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. Franke-Arnold, J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, V. E. Lembessis, D. Ellinas, A. J. Wright, J. M. Girkin, P. Ohberg, and A. S. Arnold, “Optical ferris wheel for ultracold atoms,” Opt. Express 15(14), 8619–8625 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Twisted photons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 305–310 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (6)

S. H. Tao, X. C. Yuan, J. Lin, and R. E. Burge, “Residue orbital angular momentum in interferenced double vortex beams with unequal topological charges,” Opt. Express 14(2), 535–541 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. J. Schmitz, K. Uhrig, J. P. Spatz, and J. E. Curtis, “Tuning the orbital angular momentum in optical vortex beams,” Opt. Express 14(15), 6604–6612 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Tamburini, G. Anzolin, G. Umbriaco, A. Bianchini, and C. Barbieri, “Overcoming the Rayleigh Criterion Limit with Optical Vortices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Pancharatnam-Berry phase optical elements for wave front shaping in the visible domain: switchable helical mode generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(22), 221102 (2006).
[Crossref]

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

C.-R. Lee, T.-L. Fu, K.-T. Cheng, T.-S. Mo, and A. Y.-G. Fuh, “Surface-assisted photoalignment in dye-doped liquid-crystal films,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(3), 031704 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

C. Bustamante, Z. Bryant, and S. B. Smith, “Ten years of tension: single-molecule DNA mechanics,” Nature 421(6921), 423–427 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

S. M. Block, D. F. Blair, and H. C. Berg, “Compliance of bacterial flagella measured with optical tweezers,” Nature 338(6215), 514–518 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1974 (1)

Agarwal, R.

Anzolin, G.

F. Tamburini, G. Anzolin, G. Umbriaco, A. Bianchini, and C. Barbieri, “Overcoming the Rayleigh Criterion Limit with Optical Vortices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arnold, A. S.

Barbieri, C.

F. Tamburini, G. Anzolin, G. Umbriaco, A. Bianchini, and C. Barbieri, “Overcoming the Rayleigh Criterion Limit with Optical Vortices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Berg, H. C.

S. M. Block, D. F. Blair, and H. C. Berg, “Compliance of bacterial flagella measured with optical tweezers,” Nature 338(6215), 514–518 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bernet, S.

C. Maurer, A. Jesacher, S. F¨urhapter, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-Marte, “Tailoring of arbitrary optical vector beams,” New J. Phys. 9(3), 78 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bianchini, A.

F. Tamburini, G. Anzolin, G. Umbriaco, A. Bianchini, and C. Barbieri, “Overcoming the Rayleigh Criterion Limit with Optical Vortices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blair, D. F.

S. M. Block, D. F. Blair, and H. C. Berg, “Compliance of bacterial flagella measured with optical tweezers,” Nature 338(6215), 514–518 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Block, S. M.

S. M. Block, D. F. Blair, and H. C. Berg, “Compliance of bacterial flagella measured with optical tweezers,” Nature 338(6215), 514–518 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bryant, Z.

C. Bustamante, Z. Bryant, and S. B. Smith, “Ten years of tension: single-molecule DNA mechanics,” Nature 421(6921), 423–427 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burge, R. E.

Bustamante, C.

C. Bustamante, Z. Bryant, and S. B. Smith, “Ten years of tension: single-molecule DNA mechanics,” Nature 421(6921), 423–427 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.-Yu.

Cheng, K.-T.

C.-R. Lee, T.-L. Fu, K.-T. Cheng, T.-S. Mo, and A. Y.-G. Fuh, “Surface-assisted photoalignment in dye-doped liquid-crystal films,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(3), 031704 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chigrinov, V.

S. Slussarenko, B. Piccirillo, V. Chigrinov, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Liquid crystal spatial-mode converters for the orbital angular momentum of light,” J. Opt. 15(2), 025406 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Slussarenko, A. Murauski, T. Du, V. Chigrinov, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Tunable liquid crystal q-plates with arbitrary topological charge,” Opt. Express 19(5), 4085–4090 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chu, S.-C.

Curtis, J. E.

De Martini, F.

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits through hong-ou-mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 720–723 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. Nagali, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Polarization control of single photon quantum orbital angular momentum states,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18745–18759 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Du, T.

Ellinas, D.

F¨urhapter, S.

C. Maurer, A. Jesacher, S. F¨urhapter, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-Marte, “Tailoring of arbitrary optical vector beams,” New J. Phys. 9(3), 78 (2007).
[Crossref]

Franke-Arnold, S.

Fu, T.-L.

C.-R. Lee, T.-L. Fu, K.-T. Cheng, T.-S. Mo, and A. Y.-G. Fuh, “Surface-assisted photoalignment in dye-doped liquid-crystal films,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(3), 031704 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fuh, A. Y.-G.

Girkin, J. M.

Grier, D. G.

Hajizadeh, F.

Huang, Y.-H.

Jau, H.-C.

Jesacher, A.

C. Maurer, A. Jesacher, S. F¨urhapter, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-Marte, “Tailoring of arbitrary optical vector beams,” New J. Phys. 9(3), 78 (2007).
[Crossref]

Johnson, B. C.

Johnson, E. G.

Karimi, E.

L. Marrucci, E. Karimi, S. Slussarenko, B. Piccirillo, E. Santamato, E. Nagali, and F. Sciarrino, “Spin-to-orbital conversion of the angular momentum of light and its classical and quantum applications,” J. Opt. 13(6), 064001 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Karimi, S. Slussarenko, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Polarization-controlled evolution of light transverse modes and associated pancharatnam geometric phase in orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 053813 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Nagali, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Polarization control of single photon quantum orbital angular momentum states,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18745–18759 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits through hong-ou-mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 720–723 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ke, S.-W.

Ko, S.-W.

Ladavac, K.

Leach, J.

Lee, C.-R.

C.-R. Lee, T.-L. Fu, K.-T. Cheng, T.-S. Mo, and A. Y.-G. Fuh, “Surface-assisted photoalignment in dye-doped liquid-crystal films,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(3), 031704 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lembessis, V. E.

Leppelmeier, G. W.

Lieber, C. M.

Lin, J.

Lin, T.-H.

Manzo, C.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Pancharatnam-Berry phase optical elements for wave front shaping in the visible domain: switchable helical mode generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(22), 221102 (2006).
[Crossref]

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marrucci, L.

S. Slussarenko, B. Piccirillo, V. Chigrinov, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Liquid crystal spatial-mode converters for the orbital angular momentum of light,” J. Opt. 15(2), 025406 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Slussarenko, A. Murauski, T. Du, V. Chigrinov, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Tunable liquid crystal q-plates with arbitrary topological charge,” Opt. Express 19(5), 4085–4090 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Marrucci, E. Karimi, S. Slussarenko, B. Piccirillo, E. Santamato, E. Nagali, and F. Sciarrino, “Spin-to-orbital conversion of the angular momentum of light and its classical and quantum applications,” J. Opt. 13(6), 064001 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Karimi, S. Slussarenko, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Polarization-controlled evolution of light transverse modes and associated pancharatnam geometric phase in orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 053813 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits through hong-ou-mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 720–723 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. Nagali, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Polarization control of single photon quantum orbital angular momentum states,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18745–18759 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Pancharatnam-Berry phase optical elements for wave front shaping in the visible domain: switchable helical mode generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(22), 221102 (2006).
[Crossref]

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maurer, C.

C. Maurer, A. Jesacher, S. F¨urhapter, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-Marte, “Tailoring of arbitrary optical vector beams,” New J. Phys. 9(3), 78 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mo, T.-S.

C.-R. Lee, T.-L. Fu, K.-T. Cheng, T.-S. Mo, and A. Y.-G. Fuh, “Surface-assisted photoalignment in dye-doped liquid-crystal films,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(3), 031704 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Molina-Terriza, G.

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Twisted photons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 305–310 (2007).
[Crossref]

Murauski, A.

Nagali, E.

L. Marrucci, E. Karimi, S. Slussarenko, B. Piccirillo, E. Santamato, E. Nagali, and F. Sciarrino, “Spin-to-orbital conversion of the angular momentum of light and its classical and quantum applications,” J. Opt. 13(6), 064001 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Nagali, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Polarization control of single photon quantum orbital angular momentum states,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18745–18759 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits through hong-ou-mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 720–723 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nix, M.

Oddershede, L. B.

C. Selhuber-Unkel, I. Zins, O. Schubert, C. Sönnichsen, and L. B. Oddershede, “Quantitative optical trapping of single gold nanorods,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2998–3003 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ohberg, P.

Padgett, M. J.

Paparo, D.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Pancharatnam-Berry phase optical elements for wave front shaping in the visible domain: switchable helical mode generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(22), 221102 (2006).
[Crossref]

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Piccirillo, B.

S. Slussarenko, B. Piccirillo, V. Chigrinov, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Liquid crystal spatial-mode converters for the orbital angular momentum of light,” J. Opt. 15(2), 025406 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Marrucci, E. Karimi, S. Slussarenko, B. Piccirillo, E. Santamato, E. Nagali, and F. Sciarrino, “Spin-to-orbital conversion of the angular momentum of light and its classical and quantum applications,” J. Opt. 13(6), 064001 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Karimi, S. Slussarenko, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Polarization-controlled evolution of light transverse modes and associated pancharatnam geometric phase in orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 053813 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Nagali, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Polarization control of single photon quantum orbital angular momentum states,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18745–18759 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits through hong-ou-mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 720–723 (2009).
[Crossref]

Poutous, M. K.

Reihani, S. N. S.

Ritsch-Marte, M.

C. Maurer, A. Jesacher, S. F¨urhapter, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-Marte, “Tailoring of arbitrary optical vector beams,” New J. Phys. 9(3), 78 (2007).
[Crossref]

Roichman, Y.

Roth, Z. A.

Rumpf, R. C.

Sansoni, L.

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits through hong-ou-mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 720–723 (2009).
[Crossref]

Santamato, E.

S. Slussarenko, B. Piccirillo, V. Chigrinov, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Liquid crystal spatial-mode converters for the orbital angular momentum of light,” J. Opt. 15(2), 025406 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Marrucci, E. Karimi, S. Slussarenko, B. Piccirillo, E. Santamato, E. Nagali, and F. Sciarrino, “Spin-to-orbital conversion of the angular momentum of light and its classical and quantum applications,” J. Opt. 13(6), 064001 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Slussarenko, A. Murauski, T. Du, V. Chigrinov, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Tunable liquid crystal q-plates with arbitrary topological charge,” Opt. Express 19(5), 4085–4090 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Karimi, S. Slussarenko, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Polarization-controlled evolution of light transverse modes and associated pancharatnam geometric phase in orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 053813 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits through hong-ou-mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 720–723 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. Nagali, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Polarization control of single photon quantum orbital angular momentum states,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18745–18759 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmitz, C. H. J.

Schubert, O.

C. Selhuber-Unkel, I. Zins, O. Schubert, C. Sönnichsen, and L. B. Oddershede, “Quantitative optical trapping of single gold nanorods,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2998–3003 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sciarrino, F.

L. Marrucci, E. Karimi, S. Slussarenko, B. Piccirillo, E. Santamato, E. Nagali, and F. Sciarrino, “Spin-to-orbital conversion of the angular momentum of light and its classical and quantum applications,” J. Opt. 13(6), 064001 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Nagali, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Polarization control of single photon quantum orbital angular momentum states,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18745–18759 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits through hong-ou-mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 720–723 (2009).
[Crossref]

Selhuber-Unkel, C.

C. Selhuber-Unkel, I. Zins, O. Schubert, C. Sönnichsen, and L. B. Oddershede, “Quantitative optical trapping of single gold nanorods,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2998–3003 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Simmons, W. W.

Slussarenko, S.

S. Slussarenko, B. Piccirillo, V. Chigrinov, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Liquid crystal spatial-mode converters for the orbital angular momentum of light,” J. Opt. 15(2), 025406 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Marrucci, E. Karimi, S. Slussarenko, B. Piccirillo, E. Santamato, E. Nagali, and F. Sciarrino, “Spin-to-orbital conversion of the angular momentum of light and its classical and quantum applications,” J. Opt. 13(6), 064001 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Slussarenko, A. Murauski, T. Du, V. Chigrinov, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Tunable liquid crystal q-plates with arbitrary topological charge,” Opt. Express 19(5), 4085–4090 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Karimi, S. Slussarenko, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Polarization-controlled evolution of light transverse modes and associated pancharatnam geometric phase in orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 053813 (2010).
[Crossref]

Smith, S. B.

C. Bustamante, Z. Bryant, and S. B. Smith, “Ten years of tension: single-molecule DNA mechanics,” Nature 421(6921), 423–427 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sönnichsen, C.

C. Selhuber-Unkel, I. Zins, O. Schubert, C. Sönnichsen, and L. B. Oddershede, “Quantitative optical trapping of single gold nanorods,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2998–3003 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spatz, J. P.

Srinivasan, P.

Tamburini, F.

F. Tamburini, G. Anzolin, G. Umbriaco, A. Bianchini, and C. Barbieri, “Overcoming the Rayleigh Criterion Limit with Optical Vortices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tao, S. H.

Tian, Z.-B.

Ting, C.-L.

Torner, L.

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Twisted photons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 305–310 (2007).
[Crossref]

Torres, J. P.

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Twisted photons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 305–310 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tzeng, Y.-Y.

Uhrig, K.

Umbriaco, G.

F. Tamburini, G. Anzolin, G. Umbriaco, A. Bianchini, and C. Barbieri, “Overcoming the Rayleigh Criterion Limit with Optical Vortices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wright, A. J.

Yam, S. S.-H.

Yilmaz, Y. O.

Yu, G.

Yuan, X. C.

Zins, I.

C. Selhuber-Unkel, I. Zins, O. Schubert, C. Sönnichsen, and L. B. Oddershede, “Quantitative optical trapping of single gold nanorods,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2998–3003 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Pancharatnam-Berry phase optical elements for wave front shaping in the visible domain: switchable helical mode generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(22), 221102 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (2)

L. Marrucci, E. Karimi, S. Slussarenko, B. Piccirillo, E. Santamato, E. Nagali, and F. Sciarrino, “Spin-to-orbital conversion of the angular momentum of light and its classical and quantum applications,” J. Opt. 13(6), 064001 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Slussarenko, B. Piccirillo, V. Chigrinov, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Liquid crystal spatial-mode converters for the orbital angular momentum of light,” J. Opt. 15(2), 025406 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

C. Selhuber-Unkel, I. Zins, O. Schubert, C. Sönnichsen, and L. B. Oddershede, “Quantitative optical trapping of single gold nanorods,” Nano Lett. 8(9), 2998–3003 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

E. Nagali, L. Sansoni, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, L. Marrucci, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, and E. Santamato, “Optimal quantum cloning of orbital angular momentum photon qubits through hong-ou-mandel coalescence,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 720–723 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Twisted photons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 305–310 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

C. Bustamante, Z. Bryant, and S. B. Smith, “Ten years of tension: single-molecule DNA mechanics,” Nature 421(6921), 423–427 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Block, D. F. Blair, and H. C. Berg, “Compliance of bacterial flagella measured with optical tweezers,” Nature 338(6215), 514–518 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

C. Maurer, A. Jesacher, S. F¨urhapter, S. Bernet, and M. Ritsch-Marte, “Tailoring of arbitrary optical vector beams,” New J. Phys. 9(3), 78 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (9)

S. Franke-Arnold, J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, V. E. Lembessis, D. Ellinas, A. J. Wright, J. M. Girkin, P. Ohberg, and A. S. Arnold, “Optical ferris wheel for ultracold atoms,” Opt. Express 15(14), 8619–8625 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. H. Tao, X. C. Yuan, J. Lin, and R. E. Burge, “Residue orbital angular momentum in interferenced double vortex beams with unequal topological charges,” Opt. Express 14(2), 535–541 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. H. J. Schmitz, K. Uhrig, J. P. Spatz, and J. E. Curtis, “Tuning the orbital angular momentum in optical vortex beams,” Opt. Express 14(15), 6604–6612 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y.-Y. Tzeng, S.-W. Ke, C.-L. Ting, A. Y.-G. Fuh, and T.-H. Lin, “Axially symmetric polarization converters based on photo-aligned liquid crystal films,” Opt. Express 16(6), 3768–3775 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Nagali, F. Sciarrino, F. De Martini, B. Piccirillo, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Polarization control of single photon quantum orbital angular momentum states,” Opt. Express 17(21), 18745–18759 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Agarwal, K. Ladavac, Y. Roichman, G. Yu, C. M. Lieber, and D. G. Grier, “Manipulation and assembly of nanowires with holographic optical traps,” Opt. Express 13(22), 8906–8912 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Hajizadeh and S. N. S. Reihani, “Optimized optical trapping of gold nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 18(2), 551–559 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Srinivasan, M. K. Poutous, Z. A. Roth, Y. O. Yilmaz, R. C. Rumpf, and E. G. Johnson, “Spatial and spectral beam shaping with spacevariant guided mode resonance filters,” Opt. Express 17(22), 20365–20375 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Slussarenko, A. Murauski, T. Du, V. Chigrinov, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Tunable liquid crystal q-plates with arbitrary topological charge,” Opt. Express 19(5), 4085–4090 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

E. Karimi, S. Slussarenko, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Polarization-controlled evolution of light transverse modes and associated pancharatnam geometric phase in orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 053813 (2010).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. (1)

C.-R. Lee, T.-L. Fu, K.-T. Cheng, T.-S. Mo, and A. Y.-G. Fuh, “Surface-assisted photoalignment in dye-doped liquid-crystal films,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 69(3), 031704 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

F. Tamburini, G. Anzolin, G. Umbriaco, A. Bianchini, and C. Barbieri, “Overcoming the Rayleigh Criterion Limit with Optical Vortices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163903 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(16), 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (Roberts & Company, 2004), Chap. 4.

“Technical Computing with MATLAB,” The MathWorks, Inc, (2012).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Sample fabrication setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) POM images of LC QPs with q = 2, 1.5, −1.5, and −2; (b) numerically simulated POM images with q = 2, 1.5, −1.5, and −2; (c) schematics of LC director.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup for analyzing liquid crystal QP devices.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Various beam shapes were obtained by modulation by LC QP with q values of ± 1.5 and ± 2 when suitable voltages were applied.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Simulated intensity distribution, obtained by summing |(E)2x|2 and |(E)2y|2, when a y-polarized Gaussian beam was incident onto the LC QPs for various phase-retardation shifts at various applied voltages.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Numerically simulated polarization distributions in transverse plane, following modulation by an LC QP with q = ± 1.5 and q = ± 2.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

α   (x,y) =α   (ϕ) =qϕ+α   (0) ,
M (ϕ, V) =[ cos(ϕ) sin(ϕ) sin(ϕ) cos(ϕ) ][ 2πd n eff(V) /λ 0 0 2πd n o /λ ][ cos(ϕ) sin(ϕ) sin(ϕ) cos(ϕ) ],
E in = E 1y j = E 1y [ 0 1 ], and E 1y = E 0 ω 0 ω(z) exp[ ( r 2 ω 2 (z) jk r 2 2R(z) jkz ) ] ,
E out = M ( ϕ, V ) E 1y [ 0 1 ]=[ E 2x E 2y ]= E 2x [ 1 0 ]+ E 2y [ 0 1 ],
U(ε, η)= e jkz e jk( ε 2 + η 2 )/2z jλz U(x, y)exp[ j 2π λz (εx+ηy) ] dxdy,

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