Abstract

We report a high lasing wavelength uniformity of optically pumped InP-based microdisk lasers processed with electron-beam lithography, heterogeneously integrated with adhesive bonding on silicon-on-insulator (SOI) waveguide circuits and evanescently coupled to an underlying waveguide. We study the continuous wave laser emission coupling out of the SOI via a grating coupler etched at one side of the waveguide, and demonstrate a standard deviation in lasing wavelength of nominally identical devices on the same chip lower than 500pm. The deviation in the diameter of the microdisks as low as a few nanometers makes all-optical signal processing applications requiring cascadability possible.

© 2013 OSA

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2012 (3)

Z. Li, M. Mohamed, X. Chen, E. Dudley, K. Meng, L. Shang, A. R. Mickelson, R. Joseph, M. Vachharajani, B. Schwartz, and Y. Sun, “Reliability modeling and management of nanophotonic on-chip networks,” IEEE Trans. Very Large Scale Integr. (VLSI) Syst.20(1), 98–111 (2012).

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. VanVaerenbergh, K. DeVos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, and D. VanThourhout, “Silicon microring resonators,” Lasers & Photonics Reviews6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Mandorlo, P. R. Romeo, N. Olivier, L. Ferrier, R. Orobtchouk, X. Letartre, J. M. Fedeli, and P. Viktorovitch, “Controlled multi-wavelength emission in full CMOS compatible micro-lasers for on-chip interconnections,” J. Lightwave Technol.30(19), 3073–3080 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (3)

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. van Laere, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys.107(6), 063103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E.-J. Geluk, T. de Vries, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics4(3), 182–187 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, P. Regreny, and P. Rojo-Romeo, “A Thermally Tunable III–V Compound Semiconductor Microdisk Laser Integrated on Silicon-on-Insulator Circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(17), 1270–1272 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

Y. Halioua, T. Karle, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, I. Sagnes, R. Raj, G. Roelkens, and D. Van Thourhout, “Hybrid InP-based photonic crystal lasers on silicon on insulator wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(20), 201119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

R. G. Beausoleil, P. J. Kuekes, G. S. Snider, S.-Y. Wang, and W. R. Stanley, “Nanoelectronic and nanophotonic interconnect,” Proc. IEEE96(2), 230–247 (2008).
[CrossRef]

. Van Campenhout, L. Liu, P. Rojo Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. D. Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, “A compact SOI-integrated multiwavelength laser source based on cascaded InP microdisks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(16), 1345–1347 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2000 (2)

M. Fujita, R. Ushigome, and T. Baba, “Continuous wave lasing in GaInAsP microdisk injection laser with threshold current of 40µA,” IEEE Electron Device Lett.36(9), 790–791 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C.-C. Lin, M.-C. Wan, H.-H. Liao, and W.-H. Wang, “Highly uniform operation of high-performance 1.3-µm AlGaInAs-InP monolithic laser arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.36(5), 590–597 (2000).

1997 (2)

Y. Muroya, T. Nakamura, H. Yamada, and T. Torikai, “Precise wavelength control for DFB laser diodes by novel corrugation delineation method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.9(3), 288–290 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. Yuen, G. S. Li, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Multiple-wavelength vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 422–428 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

H. Saito, I. Ogura, and Y. Sugimoto, “Uniform CW operation of multiple-wavelength vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers fabricated by mask molecular beam epitaxy,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(9), 1118–1120 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (3)

N. C. Frateschi and A. F. J. Levi, “Resonant modes and laser spectrum of microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.66(22), 2932–2934 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Lee, D. G. Cahill, and T. H. Allen, “Thermal conductivity of sputtered oxide films,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter52(1), 253–257 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. G. Young, T. L. Koch, U. Koren, D. M. Tennant, B. I. Miller, M. Chien, and K. Feder, “Wavelength uniformity in λ/4 shifted DFB laser array WDM transmitters,” Electron. Lett.31(20), 1750–1752 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

T. L. Koch, P. J. Corvini, U. Koren, and W. T. Tsang, “Wavelength uniformity of 1.3µm GaInAsP/InP distributed Bragg reflector lasers with hybrid beam/vapour epitaxial growth,” Electron. Lett.24(13), 822–824 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Allen, T. H.

S. M. Lee, D. G. Cahill, and T. H. Allen, “Thermal conductivity of sputtered oxide films,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter52(1), 253–257 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baba, T.

M. Fujita, R. Ushigome, and T. Baba, “Continuous wave lasing in GaInAsP microdisk injection laser with threshold current of 40µA,” IEEE Electron Device Lett.36(9), 790–791 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E.-J. Geluk, T. de Vries, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics4(3), 182–187 (2010).
[CrossRef]

. Van Campenhout, L. Liu, P. Rojo Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. D. Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, “A compact SOI-integrated multiwavelength laser source based on cascaded InP microdisks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(16), 1345–1347 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Regreny, C. Seassal, D. Van Thourhout, S. Verstuyft, L. Di Cioccio, J. M. Fedeli, C. Lagahe, and R. Baets, “Electrically pumped InP-based microdisk lasers integrated with a nanophotonic silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit,” Opt. Express15(11), 6744–6749 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beaudoin, G.

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. van Laere, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys.107(6), 063103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Beausoleil, R. G.

R. G. Beausoleil, P. J. Kuekes, G. S. Snider, S.-Y. Wang, and W. R. Stanley, “Nanoelectronic and nanophotonic interconnect,” Proc. IEEE96(2), 230–247 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bienstman, P.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. VanVaerenbergh, K. DeVos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, and D. VanThourhout, “Silicon microring resonators,” Lasers & Photonics Reviews6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bogaerts, W.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. VanVaerenbergh, K. DeVos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, and D. VanThourhout, “Silicon microring resonators,” Lasers & Photonics Reviews6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. E.

Braive, R.

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. van Laere, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys.107(6), 063103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cahill, D. G.

S. M. Lee, D. G. Cahill, and T. H. Allen, “Thermal conductivity of sputtered oxide films,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter52(1), 253–257 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

W. Yuen, G. S. Li, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Multiple-wavelength vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 422–428 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

Z. Li, M. Mohamed, X. Chen, E. Dudley, K. Meng, L. Shang, A. R. Mickelson, R. Joseph, M. Vachharajani, B. Schwartz, and Y. Sun, “Reliability modeling and management of nanophotonic on-chip networks,” IEEE Trans. Very Large Scale Integr. (VLSI) Syst.20(1), 98–111 (2012).

Chien, M.

M. G. Young, T. L. Koch, U. Koren, D. M. Tennant, B. I. Miller, M. Chien, and K. Feder, “Wavelength uniformity in λ/4 shifted DFB laser array WDM transmitters,” Electron. Lett.31(20), 1750–1752 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cioccio, L. D.

. Van Campenhout, L. Liu, P. Rojo Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. D. Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, “A compact SOI-integrated multiwavelength laser source based on cascaded InP microdisks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(16), 1345–1347 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Claes, T.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. VanVaerenbergh, K. DeVos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, and D. VanThourhout, “Silicon microring resonators,” Lasers & Photonics Reviews6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Corvini, P. J.

T. L. Koch, P. J. Corvini, U. Koren, and W. T. Tsang, “Wavelength uniformity of 1.3µm GaInAsP/InP distributed Bragg reflector lasers with hybrid beam/vapour epitaxial growth,” Electron. Lett.24(13), 822–824 (1988).
[CrossRef]

De Heyn, P.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. VanVaerenbergh, K. DeVos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, and D. VanThourhout, “Silicon microring resonators,” Lasers & Photonics Reviews6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[CrossRef]

de Vries, T.

L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E.-J. Geluk, T. de Vries, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics4(3), 182–187 (2010).
[CrossRef]

DeVos, K.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. VanVaerenbergh, K. DeVos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, and D. VanThourhout, “Silicon microring resonators,” Lasers & Photonics Reviews6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Di Cioccio, L.

Dudley, E.

Z. Li, M. Mohamed, X. Chen, E. Dudley, K. Meng, L. Shang, A. R. Mickelson, R. Joseph, M. Vachharajani, B. Schwartz, and Y. Sun, “Reliability modeling and management of nanophotonic on-chip networks,” IEEE Trans. Very Large Scale Integr. (VLSI) Syst.20(1), 98–111 (2012).

Dumon, P.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. VanVaerenbergh, K. DeVos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, and D. VanThourhout, “Silicon microring resonators,” Lasers & Photonics Reviews6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fang, A. W.

Fedeli, J. M.

Fedeli, J.-M.

. Van Campenhout, L. Liu, P. Rojo Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. D. Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, “A compact SOI-integrated multiwavelength laser source based on cascaded InP microdisks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(16), 1345–1347 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Feder, K.

M. G. Young, T. L. Koch, U. Koren, D. M. Tennant, B. I. Miller, M. Chien, and K. Feder, “Wavelength uniformity in λ/4 shifted DFB laser array WDM transmitters,” Electron. Lett.31(20), 1750–1752 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ferrier, L.

Frateschi, N. C.

N. C. Frateschi and A. F. J. Levi, “Resonant modes and laser spectrum of microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.66(22), 2932–2934 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, M.

M. Fujita, R. Ushigome, and T. Baba, “Continuous wave lasing in GaInAsP microdisk injection laser with threshold current of 40µA,” IEEE Electron Device Lett.36(9), 790–791 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Geluk, E.-J.

L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E.-J. Geluk, T. de Vries, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics4(3), 182–187 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Halioua, Y.

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. van Laere, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys.107(6), 063103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Halioua, T. Karle, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, I. Sagnes, R. Raj, G. Roelkens, and D. Van Thourhout, “Hybrid InP-based photonic crystal lasers on silicon on insulator wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(20), 201119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huybrechts, K.

L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E.-J. Geluk, T. de Vries, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics4(3), 182–187 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Joseph, R.

Z. Li, M. Mohamed, X. Chen, E. Dudley, K. Meng, L. Shang, A. R. Mickelson, R. Joseph, M. Vachharajani, B. Schwartz, and Y. Sun, “Reliability modeling and management of nanophotonic on-chip networks,” IEEE Trans. Very Large Scale Integr. (VLSI) Syst.20(1), 98–111 (2012).

Karle, T.

Y. Halioua, T. Karle, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, I. Sagnes, R. Raj, G. Roelkens, and D. Van Thourhout, “Hybrid InP-based photonic crystal lasers on silicon on insulator wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(20), 201119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Karle, T. J.

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. van Laere, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys.107(6), 063103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kaye, B.

Koch, T. L.

M. G. Young, T. L. Koch, U. Koren, D. M. Tennant, B. I. Miller, M. Chien, and K. Feder, “Wavelength uniformity in λ/4 shifted DFB laser array WDM transmitters,” Electron. Lett.31(20), 1750–1752 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. L. Koch, P. J. Corvini, U. Koren, and W. T. Tsang, “Wavelength uniformity of 1.3µm GaInAsP/InP distributed Bragg reflector lasers with hybrid beam/vapour epitaxial growth,” Electron. Lett.24(13), 822–824 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Koren, U.

M. G. Young, T. L. Koch, U. Koren, D. M. Tennant, B. I. Miller, M. Chien, and K. Feder, “Wavelength uniformity in λ/4 shifted DFB laser array WDM transmitters,” Electron. Lett.31(20), 1750–1752 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. L. Koch, P. J. Corvini, U. Koren, and W. T. Tsang, “Wavelength uniformity of 1.3µm GaInAsP/InP distributed Bragg reflector lasers with hybrid beam/vapour epitaxial growth,” Electron. Lett.24(13), 822–824 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kuekes, P. J.

R. G. Beausoleil, P. J. Kuekes, G. S. Snider, S.-Y. Wang, and W. R. Stanley, “Nanoelectronic and nanophotonic interconnect,” Proc. IEEE96(2), 230–247 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, R.

L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E.-J. Geluk, T. de Vries, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics4(3), 182–187 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lagahe, C.

Le Gratiet, L.

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. van Laere, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys.107(6), 063103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. M.

S. M. Lee, D. G. Cahill, and T. H. Allen, “Thermal conductivity of sputtered oxide films,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter52(1), 253–257 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Letartre, X.

Levi, A. F. J.

N. C. Frateschi and A. F. J. Levi, “Resonant modes and laser spectrum of microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.66(22), 2932–2934 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Li, G. S.

W. Yuen, G. S. Li, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Multiple-wavelength vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 422–428 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

Z. Li, M. Mohamed, X. Chen, E. Dudley, K. Meng, L. Shang, A. R. Mickelson, R. Joseph, M. Vachharajani, B. Schwartz, and Y. Sun, “Reliability modeling and management of nanophotonic on-chip networks,” IEEE Trans. Very Large Scale Integr. (VLSI) Syst.20(1), 98–111 (2012).

Liang, D.

Liao, H.-H.

C.-C. Lin, M.-C. Wan, H.-H. Liao, and W.-H. Wang, “Highly uniform operation of high-performance 1.3-µm AlGaInAs-InP monolithic laser arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.36(5), 590–597 (2000).

Lin, C.-C.

C.-C. Lin, M.-C. Wan, H.-H. Liao, and W.-H. Wang, “Highly uniform operation of high-performance 1.3-µm AlGaInAs-InP monolithic laser arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.36(5), 590–597 (2000).

Liu, L.

L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E.-J. Geluk, T. de Vries, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics4(3), 182–187 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, P. Regreny, and P. Rojo-Romeo, “A Thermally Tunable III–V Compound Semiconductor Microdisk Laser Integrated on Silicon-on-Insulator Circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(17), 1270–1272 (2010).
[CrossRef]

. Van Campenhout, L. Liu, P. Rojo Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. D. Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, “A compact SOI-integrated multiwavelength laser source based on cascaded InP microdisks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(16), 1345–1347 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mandorlo, F.

Meng, K.

Z. Li, M. Mohamed, X. Chen, E. Dudley, K. Meng, L. Shang, A. R. Mickelson, R. Joseph, M. Vachharajani, B. Schwartz, and Y. Sun, “Reliability modeling and management of nanophotonic on-chip networks,” IEEE Trans. Very Large Scale Integr. (VLSI) Syst.20(1), 98–111 (2012).

Mickelson, A. R.

Z. Li, M. Mohamed, X. Chen, E. Dudley, K. Meng, L. Shang, A. R. Mickelson, R. Joseph, M. Vachharajani, B. Schwartz, and Y. Sun, “Reliability modeling and management of nanophotonic on-chip networks,” IEEE Trans. Very Large Scale Integr. (VLSI) Syst.20(1), 98–111 (2012).

Miller, B. I.

M. G. Young, T. L. Koch, U. Koren, D. M. Tennant, B. I. Miller, M. Chien, and K. Feder, “Wavelength uniformity in λ/4 shifted DFB laser array WDM transmitters,” Electron. Lett.31(20), 1750–1752 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mohamed, M.

Z. Li, M. Mohamed, X. Chen, E. Dudley, K. Meng, L. Shang, A. R. Mickelson, R. Joseph, M. Vachharajani, B. Schwartz, and Y. Sun, “Reliability modeling and management of nanophotonic on-chip networks,” IEEE Trans. Very Large Scale Integr. (VLSI) Syst.20(1), 98–111 (2012).

Monnier, P.

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. van Laere, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys.107(6), 063103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Halioua, T. Karle, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, I. Sagnes, R. Raj, G. Roelkens, and D. Van Thourhout, “Hybrid InP-based photonic crystal lasers on silicon on insulator wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(20), 201119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Morthier, G.

L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E.-J. Geluk, T. de Vries, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics4(3), 182–187 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Muroya, Y.

Y. Muroya, T. Nakamura, H. Yamada, and T. Torikai, “Precise wavelength control for DFB laser diodes by novel corrugation delineation method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.9(3), 288–290 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, T.

Y. Muroya, T. Nakamura, H. Yamada, and T. Torikai, “Precise wavelength control for DFB laser diodes by novel corrugation delineation method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.9(3), 288–290 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ogura, I.

H. Saito, I. Ogura, and Y. Sugimoto, “Uniform CW operation of multiple-wavelength vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers fabricated by mask molecular beam epitaxy,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(9), 1118–1120 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Olivier, N.

Orobtchouk, R.

Peters, J.

Raineri, F.

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. van Laere, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys.107(6), 063103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Halioua, T. Karle, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, I. Sagnes, R. Raj, G. Roelkens, and D. Van Thourhout, “Hybrid InP-based photonic crystal lasers on silicon on insulator wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(20), 201119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Raj, R.

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. van Laere, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys.107(6), 063103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Halioua, T. Karle, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, I. Sagnes, R. Raj, G. Roelkens, and D. Van Thourhout, “Hybrid InP-based photonic crystal lasers on silicon on insulator wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(20), 201119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Regreny, P.

L. Liu, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, P. Regreny, and P. Rojo-Romeo, “A Thermally Tunable III–V Compound Semiconductor Microdisk Laser Integrated on Silicon-on-Insulator Circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(17), 1270–1272 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E.-J. Geluk, T. de Vries, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics4(3), 182–187 (2010).
[CrossRef]

. Van Campenhout, L. Liu, P. Rojo Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. D. Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, “A compact SOI-integrated multiwavelength laser source based on cascaded InP microdisks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(16), 1345–1347 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Regreny, C. Seassal, D. Van Thourhout, S. Verstuyft, L. Di Cioccio, J. M. Fedeli, C. Lagahe, and R. Baets, “Electrically pumped InP-based microdisk lasers integrated with a nanophotonic silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit,” Opt. Express15(11), 6744–6749 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roelkens, G.

L. Liu, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, P. Regreny, and P. Rojo-Romeo, “A Thermally Tunable III–V Compound Semiconductor Microdisk Laser Integrated on Silicon-on-Insulator Circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(17), 1270–1272 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. van Laere, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys.107(6), 063103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E.-J. Geluk, T. de Vries, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics4(3), 182–187 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Halioua, T. Karle, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, I. Sagnes, R. Raj, G. Roelkens, and D. Van Thourhout, “Hybrid InP-based photonic crystal lasers on silicon on insulator wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(20), 201119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rojo Romeo, P.

. Van Campenhout, L. Liu, P. Rojo Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. D. Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, “A compact SOI-integrated multiwavelength laser source based on cascaded InP microdisks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(16), 1345–1347 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Regreny, C. Seassal, D. Van Thourhout, S. Verstuyft, L. Di Cioccio, J. M. Fedeli, C. Lagahe, and R. Baets, “Electrically pumped InP-based microdisk lasers integrated with a nanophotonic silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit,” Opt. Express15(11), 6744–6749 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rojo-Romeo, P.

L. Liu, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, P. Regreny, and P. Rojo-Romeo, “A Thermally Tunable III–V Compound Semiconductor Microdisk Laser Integrated on Silicon-on-Insulator Circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(17), 1270–1272 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Romeo, P. R.

Sagnes, I.

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. van Laere, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys.107(6), 063103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Halioua, T. Karle, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, I. Sagnes, R. Raj, G. Roelkens, and D. Van Thourhout, “Hybrid InP-based photonic crystal lasers on silicon on insulator wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(20), 201119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Saito, H.

H. Saito, I. Ogura, and Y. Sugimoto, “Uniform CW operation of multiple-wavelength vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers fabricated by mask molecular beam epitaxy,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(9), 1118–1120 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Schwartz, B.

Z. Li, M. Mohamed, X. Chen, E. Dudley, K. Meng, L. Shang, A. R. Mickelson, R. Joseph, M. Vachharajani, B. Schwartz, and Y. Sun, “Reliability modeling and management of nanophotonic on-chip networks,” IEEE Trans. Very Large Scale Integr. (VLSI) Syst.20(1), 98–111 (2012).

Seassal, C.

. Van Campenhout, L. Liu, P. Rojo Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. D. Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, “A compact SOI-integrated multiwavelength laser source based on cascaded InP microdisks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(16), 1345–1347 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Regreny, C. Seassal, D. Van Thourhout, S. Verstuyft, L. Di Cioccio, J. M. Fedeli, C. Lagahe, and R. Baets, “Electrically pumped InP-based microdisk lasers integrated with a nanophotonic silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit,” Opt. Express15(11), 6744–6749 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Selvaraja, S. K.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. VanVaerenbergh, K. DeVos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, and D. VanThourhout, “Silicon microring resonators,” Lasers & Photonics Reviews6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shang, L.

Z. Li, M. Mohamed, X. Chen, E. Dudley, K. Meng, L. Shang, A. R. Mickelson, R. Joseph, M. Vachharajani, B. Schwartz, and Y. Sun, “Reliability modeling and management of nanophotonic on-chip networks,” IEEE Trans. Very Large Scale Integr. (VLSI) Syst.20(1), 98–111 (2012).

Snider, G. S.

R. G. Beausoleil, P. J. Kuekes, G. S. Snider, S.-Y. Wang, and W. R. Stanley, “Nanoelectronic and nanophotonic interconnect,” Proc. IEEE96(2), 230–247 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Spuesens, T.

L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E.-J. Geluk, T. de Vries, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics4(3), 182–187 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, P. Regreny, and P. Rojo-Romeo, “A Thermally Tunable III–V Compound Semiconductor Microdisk Laser Integrated on Silicon-on-Insulator Circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(17), 1270–1272 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Srinivasan, S.

Stanley, W. R.

R. G. Beausoleil, P. J. Kuekes, G. S. Snider, S.-Y. Wang, and W. R. Stanley, “Nanoelectronic and nanophotonic interconnect,” Proc. IEEE96(2), 230–247 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, Y.

H. Saito, I. Ogura, and Y. Sugimoto, “Uniform CW operation of multiple-wavelength vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers fabricated by mask molecular beam epitaxy,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(9), 1118–1120 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y.

Z. Li, M. Mohamed, X. Chen, E. Dudley, K. Meng, L. Shang, A. R. Mickelson, R. Joseph, M. Vachharajani, B. Schwartz, and Y. Sun, “Reliability modeling and management of nanophotonic on-chip networks,” IEEE Trans. Very Large Scale Integr. (VLSI) Syst.20(1), 98–111 (2012).

Tennant, D. M.

M. G. Young, T. L. Koch, U. Koren, D. M. Tennant, B. I. Miller, M. Chien, and K. Feder, “Wavelength uniformity in λ/4 shifted DFB laser array WDM transmitters,” Electron. Lett.31(20), 1750–1752 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Torikai, T.

Y. Muroya, T. Nakamura, H. Yamada, and T. Torikai, “Precise wavelength control for DFB laser diodes by novel corrugation delineation method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.9(3), 288–290 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, W. T.

T. L. Koch, P. J. Corvini, U. Koren, and W. T. Tsang, “Wavelength uniformity of 1.3µm GaInAsP/InP distributed Bragg reflector lasers with hybrid beam/vapour epitaxial growth,” Electron. Lett.24(13), 822–824 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ushigome, R.

M. Fujita, R. Ushigome, and T. Baba, “Continuous wave lasing in GaInAsP microdisk injection laser with threshold current of 40µA,” IEEE Electron Device Lett.36(9), 790–791 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vachharajani, M.

Z. Li, M. Mohamed, X. Chen, E. Dudley, K. Meng, L. Shang, A. R. Mickelson, R. Joseph, M. Vachharajani, B. Schwartz, and Y. Sun, “Reliability modeling and management of nanophotonic on-chip networks,” IEEE Trans. Very Large Scale Integr. (VLSI) Syst.20(1), 98–111 (2012).

Van Campenhout, .

. Van Campenhout, L. Liu, P. Rojo Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. D. Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, “A compact SOI-integrated multiwavelength laser source based on cascaded InP microdisks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(16), 1345–1347 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Van Campenhout, J.

van Laere, F.

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. van Laere, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys.107(6), 063103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Van Thourhout, D.

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. van Laere, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys.107(6), 063103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, P. Regreny, and P. Rojo-Romeo, “A Thermally Tunable III–V Compound Semiconductor Microdisk Laser Integrated on Silicon-on-Insulator Circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(17), 1270–1272 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, R. Kumar, K. Huybrechts, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, E.-J. Geluk, T. de Vries, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, “An ultra-small, low-power, all-optical flip-flop memory on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics4(3), 182–187 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Halioua, T. Karle, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, I. Sagnes, R. Raj, G. Roelkens, and D. Van Thourhout, “Hybrid InP-based photonic crystal lasers on silicon on insulator wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(20), 201119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

. Van Campenhout, L. Liu, P. Rojo Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. D. Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, “A compact SOI-integrated multiwavelength laser source based on cascaded InP microdisks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(16), 1345–1347 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Regreny, C. Seassal, D. Van Thourhout, S. Verstuyft, L. Di Cioccio, J. M. Fedeli, C. Lagahe, and R. Baets, “Electrically pumped InP-based microdisk lasers integrated with a nanophotonic silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit,” Opt. Express15(11), 6744–6749 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

VanThourhout, D.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. VanVaerenbergh, K. DeVos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, and D. VanThourhout, “Silicon microring resonators,” Lasers & Photonics Reviews6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[CrossRef]

VanVaerenbergh, T.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. VanVaerenbergh, K. DeVos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, and D. VanThourhout, “Silicon microring resonators,” Lasers & Photonics Reviews6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Verstuyft, S.

Viktorovitch, P.

Wan, M.-C.

C.-C. Lin, M.-C. Wan, H.-H. Liao, and W.-H. Wang, “Highly uniform operation of high-performance 1.3-µm AlGaInAs-InP monolithic laser arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.36(5), 590–597 (2000).

Wang, S.-Y.

R. G. Beausoleil, P. J. Kuekes, G. S. Snider, S.-Y. Wang, and W. R. Stanley, “Nanoelectronic and nanophotonic interconnect,” Proc. IEEE96(2), 230–247 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.-H.

C.-C. Lin, M.-C. Wan, H.-H. Liao, and W.-H. Wang, “Highly uniform operation of high-performance 1.3-µm AlGaInAs-InP monolithic laser arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.36(5), 590–597 (2000).

Yamada, H.

Y. Muroya, T. Nakamura, H. Yamada, and T. Torikai, “Precise wavelength control for DFB laser diodes by novel corrugation delineation method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.9(3), 288–290 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Young, M. G.

M. G. Young, T. L. Koch, U. Koren, D. M. Tennant, B. I. Miller, M. Chien, and K. Feder, “Wavelength uniformity in λ/4 shifted DFB laser array WDM transmitters,” Electron. Lett.31(20), 1750–1752 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yuen, W.

W. Yuen, G. S. Li, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Multiple-wavelength vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 422–428 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

N. C. Frateschi and A. F. J. Levi, “Resonant modes and laser spectrum of microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.66(22), 2932–2934 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Halioua, T. Karle, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, I. Sagnes, R. Raj, G. Roelkens, and D. Van Thourhout, “Hybrid InP-based photonic crystal lasers on silicon on insulator wires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(20), 201119 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

T. L. Koch, P. J. Corvini, U. Koren, and W. T. Tsang, “Wavelength uniformity of 1.3µm GaInAsP/InP distributed Bragg reflector lasers with hybrid beam/vapour epitaxial growth,” Electron. Lett.24(13), 822–824 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Young, T. L. Koch, U. Koren, D. M. Tennant, B. I. Miller, M. Chien, and K. Feder, “Wavelength uniformity in λ/4 shifted DFB laser array WDM transmitters,” Electron. Lett.31(20), 1750–1752 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Electron Device Lett. (1)

M. Fujita, R. Ushigome, and T. Baba, “Continuous wave lasing in GaInAsP microdisk injection laser with threshold current of 40µA,” IEEE Electron Device Lett.36(9), 790–791 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

C.-C. Lin, M.-C. Wan, H.-H. Liao, and W.-H. Wang, “Highly uniform operation of high-performance 1.3-µm AlGaInAs-InP monolithic laser arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.36(5), 590–597 (2000).

W. Yuen, G. S. Li, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Multiple-wavelength vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(2), 422–428 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

H. Saito, I. Ogura, and Y. Sugimoto, “Uniform CW operation of multiple-wavelength vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers fabricated by mask molecular beam epitaxy,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(9), 1118–1120 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. Muroya, T. Nakamura, H. Yamada, and T. Torikai, “Precise wavelength control for DFB laser diodes by novel corrugation delineation method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.9(3), 288–290 (1997).
[CrossRef]

. Van Campenhout, L. Liu, P. Rojo Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. D. Cioccio, J.-M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, “A compact SOI-integrated multiwavelength laser source based on cascaded InP microdisks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(16), 1345–1347 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, T. Spuesens, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, P. Regreny, and P. Rojo-Romeo, “A Thermally Tunable III–V Compound Semiconductor Microdisk Laser Integrated on Silicon-on-Insulator Circuits,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(17), 1270–1272 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Very Large Scale Integr. (VLSI) Syst. (1)

Z. Li, M. Mohamed, X. Chen, E. Dudley, K. Meng, L. Shang, A. R. Mickelson, R. Joseph, M. Vachharajani, B. Schwartz, and Y. Sun, “Reliability modeling and management of nanophotonic on-chip networks,” IEEE Trans. Very Large Scale Integr. (VLSI) Syst.20(1), 98–111 (2012).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. J. Karle, Y. Halioua, F. Raineri, P. Monnier, R. Braive, L. Le Gratiet, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, G. Roelkens, F. van Laere, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Raj, “Heterogeneous integration and precise alignment of InP-based photonic crystal lasers to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor fabricated silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys.107(6), 063103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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Lasers & Photonics Reviews (1)

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T. Spuesens, L. Liu, T. de Vries, P. R. Romeo, P. Regreny, and D. Van Thourhout,T. L. Koch and M. Paniccia, eds., “Improved design of an InP-based microdisk laser heterogeneously integrated with SOI,” in Proceedings of the 6th IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics, T. L. Koch and M. Paniccia, ed. (San Francisco, Calif., 2009), pp. 202.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the sample. (a) Microdisk laser structure coupled to underlying waveguide. (b) Array of nominally identical microdisk lasers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Schematic of microdisk cross-section (cylindrical revolution along the dashed line). (b) SEM image of the location of the cross-section on a microdisk laser. (c) SEM image of the cross-section of a lasing device coupled to a 300nm-wide waveguide.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical pumping of a microdisk through the underlying Si waveguide.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) S-shape curve of a 7-µm diameter microdisk laser optically pumped through the waveguide at 1.18µm (log-log scale). (b) Measured lasing spectrum of the microdisk under 30pJ of pump energy.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Mode competition in 7-µm diameter microdisk laser optically pumped through the waveguide at 1.18µm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Schematic of optical pumping of a microdisk laser from the top surface.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Spectra of 9 nominally identical microdisk lasers processed with electron-beam lithography and optically pumped at 980nm. The standard deviation in peak lasing wavelength is 0.37nm.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Wavelength distribution of 43 microdisk lasers of the same sample centered on λ. The patterned area shows that the peak lasing wavelength of 16 microdisk lasers is between λ-σ/2 and λ + σ/2.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Laser threshold (LT) and mode hopping threshold (MHT) in nominally identical microdisk lasers under increasing pump power.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Standard deviation in lasing wavelength of microdisk lasers on the same die.

Equations (1)

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λ LM = 2π X LM n eff R

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