Abstract

Picosecond-pulse-generation dynamics and pulse-width limiting factors via spectral filtering from intensely pulse-excited gain-switched 1.55-μm distributed-feedback laser diodes were studied. The spectral and temporal characteristics of the spectrally filtered pulses indicated that the short-wavelength component stems from the initial part of the gain-switched main pulse and has a nearly linear down-chirp of 5.2 ps/nm, whereas long-wavelength components include chirped pulse-lasing components and steady-state-lasing components. Rate-equation calculations with a model of linear change in refractive index with carrier density explained the major features of the experimental results. The analysis of the expected pulse widths with optimum spectral widths was also consistent with the experimental data.

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2013

2012

M. S. Tahvili, L. Du, M. J. R. Heck, R. Nötzel, M. K. Smit, and E. A. J. M. Bente, “Dual-wavelength passive and hybrid mode-locking of 3, 4.5 and 10 GHz InAs/InP(100) quantum dot lasers,” Opt. Express20(7), 8117–8135 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Consoli and I. Esquivias, “Pulse shortening of gain switched single mode semiconductor lasers using a variable delay interferometer,” Opt. Express20(20), 22481–22489 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Q. Chen, A. Sato, T. Ito, M. Yoshita, H. Akiyama, and H. Yokoyama, “Sub-5-ps optical pulse generation from a 1.55-µm distributed-feedback laser diode with nanosecond electric pulse excitation and spectral filtering,” Opt. Express20(22), 24843–24849 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Q. Chen, M. Yoshita, T. Ito, T. Mochizuki, H. Akiyama, H. Yokoyama, K. Kamide, and T. Ogawa, “Analysis of gain-switching characteristics including strong gain saturation effects in low-dimensional semiconductor lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.51, 098001–098002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Q. Chen, M. Okano, B. P. Zhang, M. Yoshita, H. Akiyama, and Y. Kanemitsu, “Blue 6-ps short-pulse generation in gain-switched InGaN vertical-cavity-surface-emitting lasers via impulsive optical pumping,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(19), 191108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2010

2008

2007

2006

2000

S. Kawata and Y. Kawata, “Three-dimensional optical data storage using photochromic materials,” Chem. Rev.100(5), 1777–1788 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

L. P. Barry, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Characterization of 1.55-μm pulses from a self-seeded gain-switched Fabry-Perot laser diode using frequency-resolved optical gating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(7), 935–937 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

D. M. Pataca, P. Gunning, M. L. Rocha, J. K. Lucek, R. Kashyap, K. Smith, D. G. Moodie, R. P. Davey, R. F. Souza, and A. S. Siddiqui, “Gain-switched DFB lasers,” J. Microwaves. Optoelectronics1, 46–63 (1997).

Y. Matsui, S. Kutsuzawa, S. Arahira, and Y. Ogawa, “Generation of wavelength tunable gain-switched pulses from FP MQW lasers with external injection seeding,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.9(8), 1087–1089 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

K. A. Ahmed, B. J. Eggleton, H. F. Liu, P. A. Krug, and F. Ouellette, “Simultaneous mode selection and pulse compression of gain-switched pulses from a Fabry-Perot laser using a 40-mm chirped optical fiber grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.7(2), 158–160 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993

N. Yamada and Y. Nakagawa, “Pulse shaping using spectral filtering in gain-switched quantum well laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63(5), 583–585 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Ahmed, H. F. Liu, N. Onodera, P. Lee, R. S. Tucker, and Y. Ogawa, “Nearly transform-limited pulse (3.6 ps) generation from gain-switched 1.55-μm distributed feedback laser by using fiber compression technique,” Electron. Lett.29(1), 54–56 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990

1989

R. Takahashi, H. F. Liu, M. Osinski, and T. Kamiya, “Picosecond single-mode pulse compression using a 1.3-μm Fabry-Perot laser diode, a dispersion-shifted fiber, a grating monochromator,” Appl. Phys. Lett.55(23), 2377–2379 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1986

J. M. Wiesenfeld and J. Stone, “Picosecond pulse generation in optically pumped ultra-short cavity, InGaAsP, InP, and InGaAs film lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.22(1), 119–132 (1986).
[CrossRef]

T. L. Koch and R. A. Linke, “Effect of nonlinear gain reduction on semiconductor laser wavelength chirping,” Appl. Phys. Lett.48(10), 613–615 (1986).
[CrossRef]

A. Takada, T. Sugie, and M. Saruwatari, “Transform-limited 5.6 ps optical pulse generation at 12 GHz repetition rate from gain-switched distributed feedback laser diode by employing pulse compression technique,” Electron. Lett.22(25), 1347–1348 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1981

P. L. Liu, C. Lin, I. Kaminow, and J. Hsieh, “Picosecond pulse generation from InGaAsP lasers at 1.25 and 1.3 µm by electrical pulse pumping,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.17(5), 671–674 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Ahmed, K. A.

K. A. Ahmed, B. J. Eggleton, H. F. Liu, P. A. Krug, and F. Ouellette, “Simultaneous mode selection and pulse compression of gain-switched pulses from a Fabry-Perot laser using a 40-mm chirped optical fiber grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.7(2), 158–160 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Ahmed, H. F. Liu, N. Onodera, P. Lee, R. S. Tucker, and Y. Ogawa, “Nearly transform-limited pulse (3.6 ps) generation from gain-switched 1.55-μm distributed feedback laser by using fiber compression technique,” Electron. Lett.29(1), 54–56 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Akiyama, H.

S. Q. Chen, M. Yoshita, T. Ito, T. Mochizuki, H. Akiyama, and H. Yokoyama, “Gain-switched pulses from InGaAs ridge-quantum-well lasers limited by intrinsic dynamical gain suppression,” Opt. Express21(6), 7570–7576 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Q. Chen, A. Sato, T. Ito, M. Yoshita, H. Akiyama, and H. Yokoyama, “Sub-5-ps optical pulse generation from a 1.55-µm distributed-feedback laser diode with nanosecond electric pulse excitation and spectral filtering,” Opt. Express20(22), 24843–24849 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Q. Chen, M. Okano, B. P. Zhang, M. Yoshita, H. Akiyama, and Y. Kanemitsu, “Blue 6-ps short-pulse generation in gain-switched InGaN vertical-cavity-surface-emitting lasers via impulsive optical pumping,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(19), 191108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Q. Chen, M. Yoshita, T. Ito, T. Mochizuki, H. Akiyama, H. Yokoyama, K. Kamide, and T. Ogawa, “Analysis of gain-switching characteristics including strong gain saturation effects in low-dimensional semiconductor lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.51, 098001–098002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Anantathanasarn, S.

Arahira, S.

Y. Matsui, S. Kutsuzawa, S. Arahira, and Y. Ogawa, “Generation of wavelength tunable gain-switched pulses from FP MQW lasers with external injection seeding,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.9(8), 1087–1089 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Barry, L. P.

L. P. Barry, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Characterization of 1.55-μm pulses from a self-seeded gain-switched Fabry-Perot laser diode using frequency-resolved optical gating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(7), 935–937 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bente, E. A. J. M.

Chen, S. Q.

S. Q. Chen, M. Yoshita, T. Ito, T. Mochizuki, H. Akiyama, and H. Yokoyama, “Gain-switched pulses from InGaAs ridge-quantum-well lasers limited by intrinsic dynamical gain suppression,” Opt. Express21(6), 7570–7576 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Q. Chen, M. Yoshita, T. Ito, T. Mochizuki, H. Akiyama, H. Yokoyama, K. Kamide, and T. Ogawa, “Analysis of gain-switching characteristics including strong gain saturation effects in low-dimensional semiconductor lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.51, 098001–098002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Q. Chen, M. Okano, B. P. Zhang, M. Yoshita, H. Akiyama, and Y. Kanemitsu, “Blue 6-ps short-pulse generation in gain-switched InGaN vertical-cavity-surface-emitting lasers via impulsive optical pumping,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(19), 191108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Q. Chen, A. Sato, T. Ito, M. Yoshita, H. Akiyama, and H. Yokoyama, “Sub-5-ps optical pulse generation from a 1.55-µm distributed-feedback laser diode with nanosecond electric pulse excitation and spectral filtering,” Opt. Express20(22), 24843–24849 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Consoli, A.

Davey, R. P.

D. M. Pataca, P. Gunning, M. L. Rocha, J. K. Lucek, R. Kashyap, K. Smith, D. G. Moodie, R. P. Davey, R. F. Souza, and A. S. Siddiqui, “Gain-switched DFB lasers,” J. Microwaves. Optoelectronics1, 46–63 (1997).

Du, L.

Dudley, J. M.

L. P. Barry, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Characterization of 1.55-μm pulses from a self-seeded gain-switched Fabry-Perot laser diode using frequency-resolved optical gating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(7), 935–937 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

K. A. Ahmed, B. J. Eggleton, H. F. Liu, P. A. Krug, and F. Ouellette, “Simultaneous mode selection and pulse compression of gain-switched pulses from a Fabry-Perot laser using a 40-mm chirped optical fiber grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.7(2), 158–160 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Esquivias, I.

Gunning, P.

D. M. Pataca, P. Gunning, M. L. Rocha, J. K. Lucek, R. Kashyap, K. Smith, D. G. Moodie, R. P. Davey, R. F. Souza, and A. S. Siddiqui, “Gain-switched DFB lasers,” J. Microwaves. Optoelectronics1, 46–63 (1997).

Guo, H.

Harvey, J. D.

L. P. Barry, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Characterization of 1.55-μm pulses from a self-seeded gain-switched Fabry-Perot laser diode using frequency-resolved optical gating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(7), 935–937 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Heck, M. J. R.

Horinaka, H.

Hsieh, J.

P. L. Liu, C. Lin, I. Kaminow, and J. Hsieh, “Picosecond pulse generation from InGaAsP lasers at 1.25 and 1.3 µm by electrical pulse pumping,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.17(5), 671–674 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Ito, H.

Ito, T.

Kamide, K.

S. Q. Chen, M. Yoshita, T. Ito, T. Mochizuki, H. Akiyama, H. Yokoyama, K. Kamide, and T. Ogawa, “Analysis of gain-switching characteristics including strong gain saturation effects in low-dimensional semiconductor lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.51, 098001–098002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kaminow, I.

P. L. Liu, C. Lin, I. Kaminow, and J. Hsieh, “Picosecond pulse generation from InGaAsP lasers at 1.25 and 1.3 µm by electrical pulse pumping,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.17(5), 671–674 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kamiya, T.

R. Takahashi, H. F. Liu, M. Osinski, and T. Kamiya, “Picosecond single-mode pulse compression using a 1.3-μm Fabry-Perot laser diode, a dispersion-shifted fiber, a grating monochromator,” Appl. Phys. Lett.55(23), 2377–2379 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kanemitsu, Y.

S. Q. Chen, M. Okano, B. P. Zhang, M. Yoshita, H. Akiyama, and Y. Kanemitsu, “Blue 6-ps short-pulse generation in gain-switched InGaN vertical-cavity-surface-emitting lasers via impulsive optical pumping,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(19), 191108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kashyap, R.

D. M. Pataca, P. Gunning, M. L. Rocha, J. K. Lucek, R. Kashyap, K. Smith, D. G. Moodie, R. P. Davey, R. F. Souza, and A. S. Siddiqui, “Gain-switched DFB lasers,” J. Microwaves. Optoelectronics1, 46–63 (1997).

Kawata, S.

S. Kawata and Y. Kawata, “Three-dimensional optical data storage using photochromic materials,” Chem. Rev.100(5), 1777–1788 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawata, Y.

S. Kawata and Y. Kawata, “Three-dimensional optical data storage using photochromic materials,” Chem. Rev.100(5), 1777–1788 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kimura, Y.

Koch, T. L.

T. L. Koch and R. A. Linke, “Effect of nonlinear gain reduction on semiconductor laser wavelength chirping,” Appl. Phys. Lett.48(10), 613–615 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kono, S.

Krug, P. A.

K. A. Ahmed, B. J. Eggleton, H. F. Liu, P. A. Krug, and F. Ouellette, “Simultaneous mode selection and pulse compression of gain-switched pulses from a Fabry-Perot laser using a 40-mm chirped optical fiber grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.7(2), 158–160 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kutsuzawa, S.

Y. Matsui, S. Kutsuzawa, S. Arahira, and Y. Ogawa, “Generation of wavelength tunable gain-switched pulses from FP MQW lasers with external injection seeding,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.9(8), 1087–1089 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lee, P.

K. A. Ahmed, H. F. Liu, N. Onodera, P. Lee, R. S. Tucker, and Y. Ogawa, “Nearly transform-limited pulse (3.6 ps) generation from gain-switched 1.55-μm distributed feedback laser by using fiber compression technique,” Electron. Lett.29(1), 54–56 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

P. L. Liu, C. Lin, I. Kaminow, and J. Hsieh, “Picosecond pulse generation from InGaAsP lasers at 1.25 and 1.3 µm by electrical pulse pumping,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.17(5), 671–674 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Linke, R. A.

T. L. Koch and R. A. Linke, “Effect of nonlinear gain reduction on semiconductor laser wavelength chirping,” Appl. Phys. Lett.48(10), 613–615 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. F.

K. A. Ahmed, B. J. Eggleton, H. F. Liu, P. A. Krug, and F. Ouellette, “Simultaneous mode selection and pulse compression of gain-switched pulses from a Fabry-Perot laser using a 40-mm chirped optical fiber grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.7(2), 158–160 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Ahmed, H. F. Liu, N. Onodera, P. Lee, R. S. Tucker, and Y. Ogawa, “Nearly transform-limited pulse (3.6 ps) generation from gain-switched 1.55-μm distributed feedback laser by using fiber compression technique,” Electron. Lett.29(1), 54–56 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. Takahashi, H. F. Liu, M. Osinski, and T. Kamiya, “Picosecond single-mode pulse compression using a 1.3-μm Fabry-Perot laser diode, a dispersion-shifted fiber, a grating monochromator,” Appl. Phys. Lett.55(23), 2377–2379 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Liu, P. L.

P. L. Liu, C. Lin, I. Kaminow, and J. Hsieh, “Picosecond pulse generation from InGaAsP lasers at 1.25 and 1.3 µm by electrical pulse pumping,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.17(5), 671–674 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Lucek, J. K.

D. M. Pataca, P. Gunning, M. L. Rocha, J. K. Lucek, R. Kashyap, K. Smith, D. G. Moodie, R. P. Davey, R. F. Souza, and A. S. Siddiqui, “Gain-switched DFB lasers,” J. Microwaves. Optoelectronics1, 46–63 (1997).

Matsui, Y.

Y. Matsui, S. Kutsuzawa, S. Arahira, and Y. Ogawa, “Generation of wavelength tunable gain-switched pulses from FP MQW lasers with external injection seeding,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.9(8), 1087–1089 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Matsuyama, T.

Mochizuki, T.

S. Q. Chen, M. Yoshita, T. Ito, T. Mochizuki, H. Akiyama, and H. Yokoyama, “Gain-switched pulses from InGaAs ridge-quantum-well lasers limited by intrinsic dynamical gain suppression,” Opt. Express21(6), 7570–7576 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Q. Chen, M. Yoshita, T. Ito, T. Mochizuki, H. Akiyama, H. Yokoyama, K. Kamide, and T. Ogawa, “Analysis of gain-switching characteristics including strong gain saturation effects in low-dimensional semiconductor lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.51, 098001–098002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Moodie, D. G.

D. M. Pataca, P. Gunning, M. L. Rocha, J. K. Lucek, R. Kashyap, K. Smith, D. G. Moodie, R. P. Davey, R. F. Souza, and A. S. Siddiqui, “Gain-switched DFB lasers,” J. Microwaves. Optoelectronics1, 46–63 (1997).

Nakagawa, Y.

N. Yamada and Y. Nakagawa, “Pulse shaping using spectral filtering in gain-switched quantum well laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63(5), 583–585 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

Nötzel, R.

Oei, Y. S.

Ogawa, T.

S. Q. Chen, M. Yoshita, T. Ito, T. Mochizuki, H. Akiyama, H. Yokoyama, K. Kamide, and T. Ogawa, “Analysis of gain-switching characteristics including strong gain saturation effects in low-dimensional semiconductor lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.51, 098001–098002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, Y.

Y. Matsui, S. Kutsuzawa, S. Arahira, and Y. Ogawa, “Generation of wavelength tunable gain-switched pulses from FP MQW lasers with external injection seeding,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.9(8), 1087–1089 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Ahmed, H. F. Liu, N. Onodera, P. Lee, R. S. Tucker, and Y. Ogawa, “Nearly transform-limited pulse (3.6 ps) generation from gain-switched 1.55-μm distributed feedback laser by using fiber compression technique,” Electron. Lett.29(1), 54–56 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Okano, M.

S. Q. Chen, M. Okano, B. P. Zhang, M. Yoshita, H. Akiyama, and Y. Kanemitsu, “Blue 6-ps short-pulse generation in gain-switched InGaN vertical-cavity-surface-emitting lasers via impulsive optical pumping,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(19), 191108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Onodera, N.

K. A. Ahmed, H. F. Liu, N. Onodera, P. Lee, R. S. Tucker, and Y. Ogawa, “Nearly transform-limited pulse (3.6 ps) generation from gain-switched 1.55-μm distributed feedback laser by using fiber compression technique,” Electron. Lett.29(1), 54–56 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Osinski, M.

R. Takahashi, H. F. Liu, M. Osinski, and T. Kamiya, “Picosecond single-mode pulse compression using a 1.3-μm Fabry-Perot laser diode, a dispersion-shifted fiber, a grating monochromator,” Appl. Phys. Lett.55(23), 2377–2379 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ouellette, F.

K. A. Ahmed, B. J. Eggleton, H. F. Liu, P. A. Krug, and F. Ouellette, “Simultaneous mode selection and pulse compression of gain-switched pulses from a Fabry-Perot laser using a 40-mm chirped optical fiber grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.7(2), 158–160 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pataca, D. M.

D. M. Pataca, P. Gunning, M. L. Rocha, J. K. Lucek, R. Kashyap, K. Smith, D. G. Moodie, R. P. Davey, R. F. Souza, and A. S. Siddiqui, “Gain-switched DFB lasers,” J. Microwaves. Optoelectronics1, 46–63 (1997).

Rocha, M. L.

D. M. Pataca, P. Gunning, M. L. Rocha, J. K. Lucek, R. Kashyap, K. Smith, D. G. Moodie, R. P. Davey, R. F. Souza, and A. S. Siddiqui, “Gain-switched DFB lasers,” J. Microwaves. Optoelectronics1, 46–63 (1997).

Saito, K.

Saruwatari, M.

A. Takada, T. Sugie, and M. Saruwatari, “Transform-limited 5.6 ps optical pulse generation at 12 GHz repetition rate from gain-switched distributed feedback laser diode by employing pulse compression technique,” Electron. Lett.22(25), 1347–1348 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Sato, A.

Sato, K.

Siddiqui, A. S.

D. M. Pataca, P. Gunning, M. L. Rocha, J. K. Lucek, R. Kashyap, K. Smith, D. G. Moodie, R. P. Davey, R. F. Souza, and A. S. Siddiqui, “Gain-switched DFB lasers,” J. Microwaves. Optoelectronics1, 46–63 (1997).

Smalbrugge, B.

Smit, M. K.

Smith, K.

D. M. Pataca, P. Gunning, M. L. Rocha, J. K. Lucek, R. Kashyap, K. Smith, D. G. Moodie, R. P. Davey, R. F. Souza, and A. S. Siddiqui, “Gain-switched DFB lasers,” J. Microwaves. Optoelectronics1, 46–63 (1997).

Souza, R. F.

D. M. Pataca, P. Gunning, M. L. Rocha, J. K. Lucek, R. Kashyap, K. Smith, D. G. Moodie, R. P. Davey, R. F. Souza, and A. S. Siddiqui, “Gain-switched DFB lasers,” J. Microwaves. Optoelectronics1, 46–63 (1997).

Stone, J.

J. M. Wiesenfeld and J. Stone, “Picosecond pulse generation in optically pumped ultra-short cavity, InGaAsP, InP, and InGaAs film lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.22(1), 119–132 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Sugie, T.

A. Takada, T. Sugie, and M. Saruwatari, “Transform-limited 5.6 ps optical pulse generation at 12 GHz repetition rate from gain-switched distributed feedback laser diode by employing pulse compression technique,” Electron. Lett.22(25), 1347–1348 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, K.

Tahvili, M. S.

Takada, A.

A. Takada, T. Sugie, and M. Saruwatari, “Transform-limited 5.6 ps optical pulse generation at 12 GHz repetition rate from gain-switched distributed feedback laser diode by employing pulse compression technique,” Electron. Lett.22(25), 1347–1348 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, R.

R. Takahashi, H. F. Liu, M. Osinski, and T. Kamiya, “Picosecond single-mode pulse compression using a 1.3-μm Fabry-Perot laser diode, a dispersion-shifted fiber, a grating monochromator,” Appl. Phys. Lett.55(23), 2377–2379 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Takamatsu, S.

Takashima, K.

Taniguchi, H.

Thomsen, B. C.

L. P. Barry, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Characterization of 1.55-μm pulses from a self-seeded gain-switched Fabry-Perot laser diode using frequency-resolved optical gating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(7), 935–937 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tijero, J. M. G.

Tucker, R. S.

K. A. Ahmed, H. F. Liu, N. Onodera, P. Lee, R. S. Tucker, and Y. Ogawa, “Nearly transform-limited pulse (3.6 ps) generation from gain-switched 1.55-μm distributed feedback laser by using fiber compression technique,” Electron. Lett.29(1), 54–56 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wada, K.

Watanebe, H.

Wiesenfeld, J. M.

J. M. Wiesenfeld and J. Stone, “Picosecond pulse generation in optically pumped ultra-short cavity, InGaAsP, InP, and InGaAs film lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.22(1), 119–132 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, N.

N. Yamada and Y. Nakagawa, “Pulse shaping using spectral filtering in gain-switched quantum well laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63(5), 583–585 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yoda, T.

Yokoyama, H.

Yoshita, M.

S. Q. Chen, M. Yoshita, T. Ito, T. Mochizuki, H. Akiyama, and H. Yokoyama, “Gain-switched pulses from InGaAs ridge-quantum-well lasers limited by intrinsic dynamical gain suppression,” Opt. Express21(6), 7570–7576 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Q. Chen, M. Yoshita, T. Ito, T. Mochizuki, H. Akiyama, H. Yokoyama, K. Kamide, and T. Ogawa, “Analysis of gain-switching characteristics including strong gain saturation effects in low-dimensional semiconductor lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.51, 098001–098002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Q. Chen, A. Sato, T. Ito, M. Yoshita, H. Akiyama, and H. Yokoyama, “Sub-5-ps optical pulse generation from a 1.55-µm distributed-feedback laser diode with nanosecond electric pulse excitation and spectral filtering,” Opt. Express20(22), 24843–24849 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Q. Chen, M. Okano, B. P. Zhang, M. Yoshita, H. Akiyama, and Y. Kanemitsu, “Blue 6-ps short-pulse generation in gain-switched InGaN vertical-cavity-surface-emitting lasers via impulsive optical pumping,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(19), 191108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B. P.

S. Q. Chen, M. Okano, B. P. Zhang, M. Yoshita, H. Akiyama, and Y. Kanemitsu, “Blue 6-ps short-pulse generation in gain-switched InGaN vertical-cavity-surface-emitting lasers via impulsive optical pumping,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(19), 191108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

T. L. Koch and R. A. Linke, “Effect of nonlinear gain reduction on semiconductor laser wavelength chirping,” Appl. Phys. Lett.48(10), 613–615 (1986).
[CrossRef]

R. Takahashi, H. F. Liu, M. Osinski, and T. Kamiya, “Picosecond single-mode pulse compression using a 1.3-μm Fabry-Perot laser diode, a dispersion-shifted fiber, a grating monochromator,” Appl. Phys. Lett.55(23), 2377–2379 (1989).
[CrossRef]

N. Yamada and Y. Nakagawa, “Pulse shaping using spectral filtering in gain-switched quantum well laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.63(5), 583–585 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Q. Chen, M. Okano, B. P. Zhang, M. Yoshita, H. Akiyama, and Y. Kanemitsu, “Blue 6-ps short-pulse generation in gain-switched InGaN vertical-cavity-surface-emitting lasers via impulsive optical pumping,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101(19), 191108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Rev.

S. Kawata and Y. Kawata, “Three-dimensional optical data storage using photochromic materials,” Chem. Rev.100(5), 1777–1788 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Electron. Lett.

A. Takada, T. Sugie, and M. Saruwatari, “Transform-limited 5.6 ps optical pulse generation at 12 GHz repetition rate from gain-switched distributed feedback laser diode by employing pulse compression technique,” Electron. Lett.22(25), 1347–1348 (1986).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Ahmed, H. F. Liu, N. Onodera, P. Lee, R. S. Tucker, and Y. Ogawa, “Nearly transform-limited pulse (3.6 ps) generation from gain-switched 1.55-μm distributed feedback laser by using fiber compression technique,” Electron. Lett.29(1), 54–56 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

P. L. Liu, C. Lin, I. Kaminow, and J. Hsieh, “Picosecond pulse generation from InGaAsP lasers at 1.25 and 1.3 µm by electrical pulse pumping,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.17(5), 671–674 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Wiesenfeld and J. Stone, “Picosecond pulse generation in optically pumped ultra-short cavity, InGaAsP, InP, and InGaAs film lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.22(1), 119–132 (1986).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Y. Matsui, S. Kutsuzawa, S. Arahira, and Y. Ogawa, “Generation of wavelength tunable gain-switched pulses from FP MQW lasers with external injection seeding,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.9(8), 1087–1089 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Ahmed, B. J. Eggleton, H. F. Liu, P. A. Krug, and F. Ouellette, “Simultaneous mode selection and pulse compression of gain-switched pulses from a Fabry-Perot laser using a 40-mm chirped optical fiber grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.7(2), 158–160 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Barry, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Characterization of 1.55-μm pulses from a self-seeded gain-switched Fabry-Perot laser diode using frequency-resolved optical gating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(7), 935–937 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Microwaves. Optoelectronics

D. M. Pataca, P. Gunning, M. L. Rocha, J. K. Lucek, R. Kashyap, K. Smith, D. G. Moodie, R. P. Davey, R. F. Souza, and A. S. Siddiqui, “Gain-switched DFB lasers,” J. Microwaves. Optoelectronics1, 46–63 (1997).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

S. Q. Chen, M. Yoshita, T. Ito, T. Mochizuki, H. Akiyama, H. Yokoyama, K. Kamide, and T. Ogawa, “Analysis of gain-switching characteristics including strong gain saturation effects in low-dimensional semiconductor lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.51, 098001–098002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

H. Yokoyama, H. Guo, T. Yoda, K. Takashima, K. Sato, H. Taniguchi, and H. Ito, “Two-photon bioimaging with picosecond optical pulses from a semiconductor laser,” Opt. Express14(8), 3467–3471 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. R. Heck, E. A. J. M. Bente, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, M. K. Smit, S. Anantathanasarn, and R. Nötzel, “Observation of Q-switching and mode-locking in two-section InAs/InP (100) quantum dot lasers around 1.55 mum,” Opt. Express15(25), 16292–16301 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Wada, S. Takamatsu, H. Watanebe, T. Matsuyama, and H. Horinaka, “Pulse-shaping of gain-switched pulse from multimode laser diode using fiber Sagnac interferometer,” Opt. Express16(24), 19872–19881 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Sato, S. Kono, K. Saito, K. Sato, and H. Yokoyama, “A high-peak-power UV picosecond-pulse light source based on a gain-switched 1.55 microm laser diode and its application to time-resolved spectroscopy of blue-violet materials,” Opt. Express18(3), 2522–2527 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Consoli, J. M. G. Tijero, and I. Esquivias, “Time resolved chirp measurements of gain switched semiconductor laser using a polarization based optical differentiator,” Opt. Express19(11), 10805–10812 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. S. Tahvili, L. Du, M. J. R. Heck, R. Nötzel, M. K. Smit, and E. A. J. M. Bente, “Dual-wavelength passive and hybrid mode-locking of 3, 4.5 and 10 GHz InAs/InP(100) quantum dot lasers,” Opt. Express20(7), 8117–8135 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Consoli and I. Esquivias, “Pulse shortening of gain switched single mode semiconductor lasers using a variable delay interferometer,” Opt. Express20(20), 22481–22489 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Q. Chen, A. Sato, T. Ito, M. Yoshita, H. Akiyama, and H. Yokoyama, “Sub-5-ps optical pulse generation from a 1.55-µm distributed-feedback laser diode with nanosecond electric pulse excitation and spectral filtering,” Opt. Express20(22), 24843–24849 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Q. Chen, M. Yoshita, T. Ito, T. Mochizuki, H. Akiyama, and H. Yokoyama, “Gain-switched pulses from InGaAs ridge-quantum-well lasers limited by intrinsic dynamical gain suppression,” Opt. Express21(6), 7570–7576 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experiment setup of short pulse generation via spectral filtering from an electrically excited gain-switched 1.55-μm DFB laser diode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Pulse lasing spectra of the 1.55-μm DFB laser diode driven at various electric amplitudes with pulse duration of (a) 0.6 ns and (b) 0.3 ns.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Pulse lasing spectrum without spectral filtering after the amplification by an EDFA from DFB-LD driven by 0.3-ns pulses with an amplitude at 4.5 V. (b) A series of pulse lasing spectra with different spectral shapes after spectral filtering. The top plot also shows a linear plot (dotted plot) of one of the lasing spectra on the short wavelength side after spectral filtering; the spectral width is 0.5 nm. (c) Autocorrelation traces of the total pulse without spectral filtering and the filtered pulse corresponding to the spectrum at the top of (b). From the sech2 fittings, the pulse widths are shown to be 11.0 and 5.4 ps, respectively. (d) waveforms of each pulses after spectral filtering corresponding to the lasing spectra in (c). The pulse widths measured from the autocorrelation traces are also shown. (e) Pulse widths and relative delay times of the pulses after spectral filtering plotted against the corresponding central pass wavelength of the band-pass filter.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Simulated time evolutions of the excitation intensity dependent transient frequency shift (a) and the corresponding photon density (b).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Simulated excitation intensity dependent spectra (a) and wavelength dependent pulse width and pulse delay time (b) calculated from rate equations with a linear chirp model.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Plots of chirping-limited (dash-dot line) and Fourier-transform-limited (dashed curve) minimum pulse widths versus spectral width. The solid curve is a convolution of the chirp and the Fourier-transform limit.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

dN(t) dt =P(t) v g g 0 (N(t) N t )S N(t) τ r .
dS(t) dt =Γ v g g 0 (N(t) N t )S(t) S(t) τ p +Γ β sp N(t) τ r .
Δf= α 4π 1 S(t) dS(t) dt = α 4π Γ v g g 0 ΔN.
u(t)= S(t) exp{i(2π f 0 t+2π Δf( t )d t )}.

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