Abstract

We image in near-field the transverse modes of semiconductor distributed feedback (DFB) lasers operating at λ ≈1.3 μm and employing metallic gratings. The active region is based on tensile-strained InGaAlAs quantum wells emitting transverse magnetic polarized light and is coupled via an extremely thin cladding to a nano-patterned gold grating integrated on the device surface. Single mode emission is achieved, which tunes with the grating periodicity. The near-field measurements confirm laser operation on the fundamental transverse mode. Furthermore – together with a laser threshold reduction observed in the DFB lasers – it suggests that the patterning of the top metal contact can be a strategy to reduce the high plasmonic losses in this kind of systems.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2013 (1)

D. Costantini, L. Greusard, A. Bousseksou, Y. De Wilde, B. Habert, F. Marquier, J.-J. Greffet, F. Lelarge, J. Decobert, G.-H. Duan, and R. Colombelli, “A hybrid plasmonic semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102(10), 101106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (2)

D. Costantini, A. Bousseksou, M. Fevrier, B. Dagens, and R. Colombelli, “Loss and gain measurements of tensile-strained quantum well diode lasers for plasmonic devices at telecom wavelengths,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.48(1), 73–78 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Costantini, L. Greusard, A. Bousseksou, R. Rungsawang, T. P. Zhang, S. Callard, J. Decobert, F. Lelarge, G.-H. Duan, Y. De Wilde, and R. Colombelli, “In situ generation of surface plasmon polaritons using a near-infrared laser diode,” Nano Lett.12(9), 4693–4697 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

W. Zeller, L. Naehle, P. Fuchs, F. Gerschuetz, L. Hildebrandt, and J. Koeth, “DFB lasers between 760 nm and 16 μm for sensing applications,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland)10(4), 2492–2510 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

A. Bousseksou, Y. Chassagneux, J. R. Coudevylle, R. Colombelli, C. Sirtori, G. Patriarche, G. Beaudoin, and I. Sagnes, “Surface-plasmon distributed-feedback quantum cascade lasers operating pulsed, room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(9), 091105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Yu, L. Diehl, E. Cubukcu, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, A. K. Wojcik, K. B. Crozier, A. Belyanin, F. Capasso, and F. Capasso, “Coherent coupling of multiple transverse modes in quantum cascade lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(1), 013901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bousseksou, R. Colombelli, A. Babuty, Y. De Wilde, Y. Chassagneux, C. Sirtori, G. Patriarche, G. Beaudoin, and I. Sagnes, “A semiconductor laser device for the generation of surface-plasmons upon electrical injection,” Opt. Express17(11), 9391–9400 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

M. Carras and A. De Rossi, “Photonic modes of metallodielectric periodic waveguides in the mid-infrared spectral range,” Phys. Rev. B74(23), 235120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

W. Kaiser, K. Mathwig, S. Deubert, J. P. Reithmaier, A. Forchel, O. Parillaud, M. Krakowski, D. Hadass, V. Mikhelashvili, and G. Eisenstein, “Static and dynamic properties of laterally coupled DFB lasers based on InAs/InP QDash structures,” Electron. Lett.41(14), 808–810 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

J. Decobert, N. Lagay, C. Cuisin, B. Dagens, B. Thedrez, and F. Laruelle, “MOVPE growth of AlGaInAs–InP highly tensile-strained MQWs for 1.3 mm low threshold lasers,” J. Cryst. Growth272(1-4), 543–548 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

M. Kamp, J. Hofmann, F. Schäfer, M. Reinhard, M. Fischer, T. Bleuel, J. P. Reithmaier, and A. Forchel, “Lateral coupling: a material independent way to complex coupled DFB lasers,” Opt. Mater.17(1-2), 19–25 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Hillenbrand, B. Knoll, and F. Keilmann, “Pure optical contrast in scattering-type scanning near-field microscopy,” J. Microsc.202(1), 77–83 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

M. Kamp, J. Hofmann, A. Forchel, F. Schäfer, and J. P. Reithmaier, “Low-threshold high-quantum efficiency laterally gain-coupled InGaAs/AlGaAs distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(4), 483–485 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Wurtz, R. Bachelot, and P. Royer, “Imaging a GaAlAs laser diode in operation using apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.5(3), 269–275 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

R. Bachelot, G. Wurtz, and P. Royer, “An application of the apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy: Imaging a GaAlAs laser diode in operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.73(23), 3333–3335 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Babuty, A.

Bachelot, R.

G. Wurtz, R. Bachelot, and P. Royer, “Imaging a GaAlAs laser diode in operation using apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.5(3), 269–275 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Bachelot, G. Wurtz, and P. Royer, “An application of the apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy: Imaging a GaAlAs laser diode in operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.73(23), 3333–3335 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Beaudoin, G.

A. Bousseksou, R. Colombelli, A. Babuty, Y. De Wilde, Y. Chassagneux, C. Sirtori, G. Patriarche, G. Beaudoin, and I. Sagnes, “A semiconductor laser device for the generation of surface-plasmons upon electrical injection,” Opt. Express17(11), 9391–9400 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bousseksou, Y. Chassagneux, J. R. Coudevylle, R. Colombelli, C. Sirtori, G. Patriarche, G. Beaudoin, and I. Sagnes, “Surface-plasmon distributed-feedback quantum cascade lasers operating pulsed, room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(9), 091105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Belyanin, A.

N. Yu, L. Diehl, E. Cubukcu, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, A. K. Wojcik, K. B. Crozier, A. Belyanin, F. Capasso, and F. Capasso, “Coherent coupling of multiple transverse modes in quantum cascade lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(1), 013901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bleuel, T.

M. Kamp, J. Hofmann, F. Schäfer, M. Reinhard, M. Fischer, T. Bleuel, J. P. Reithmaier, and A. Forchel, “Lateral coupling: a material independent way to complex coupled DFB lasers,” Opt. Mater.17(1-2), 19–25 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bour, D.

N. Yu, L. Diehl, E. Cubukcu, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, A. K. Wojcik, K. B. Crozier, A. Belyanin, F. Capasso, and F. Capasso, “Coherent coupling of multiple transverse modes in quantum cascade lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(1), 013901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Yu, L. Diehl, E. Cubukcu, C. Pflügl, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, G. Höfler, K. B. Crozier, and F. Capasso, “Near-field imaging of quantum cascade laser transverse modes,” Opt. Express15(20), 13227–13235 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bousseksou, A.

D. Costantini, L. Greusard, A. Bousseksou, Y. De Wilde, B. Habert, F. Marquier, J.-J. Greffet, F. Lelarge, J. Decobert, G.-H. Duan, and R. Colombelli, “A hybrid plasmonic semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102(10), 101106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Costantini, L. Greusard, A. Bousseksou, R. Rungsawang, T. P. Zhang, S. Callard, J. Decobert, F. Lelarge, G.-H. Duan, Y. De Wilde, and R. Colombelli, “In situ generation of surface plasmon polaritons using a near-infrared laser diode,” Nano Lett.12(9), 4693–4697 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Costantini, A. Bousseksou, M. Fevrier, B. Dagens, and R. Colombelli, “Loss and gain measurements of tensile-strained quantum well diode lasers for plasmonic devices at telecom wavelengths,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.48(1), 73–78 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Bousseksou, R. Colombelli, A. Babuty, Y. De Wilde, Y. Chassagneux, C. Sirtori, G. Patriarche, G. Beaudoin, and I. Sagnes, “A semiconductor laser device for the generation of surface-plasmons upon electrical injection,” Opt. Express17(11), 9391–9400 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bousseksou, Y. Chassagneux, J. R. Coudevylle, R. Colombelli, C. Sirtori, G. Patriarche, G. Beaudoin, and I. Sagnes, “Surface-plasmon distributed-feedback quantum cascade lasers operating pulsed, room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(9), 091105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Callard, S.

D. Costantini, L. Greusard, A. Bousseksou, R. Rungsawang, T. P. Zhang, S. Callard, J. Decobert, F. Lelarge, G.-H. Duan, Y. De Wilde, and R. Colombelli, “In situ generation of surface plasmon polaritons using a near-infrared laser diode,” Nano Lett.12(9), 4693–4697 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Capasso, F.

N. Yu, L. Diehl, E. Cubukcu, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, A. K. Wojcik, K. B. Crozier, A. Belyanin, F. Capasso, and F. Capasso, “Coherent coupling of multiple transverse modes in quantum cascade lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(1), 013901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Yu, L. Diehl, E. Cubukcu, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, A. K. Wojcik, K. B. Crozier, A. Belyanin, F. Capasso, and F. Capasso, “Coherent coupling of multiple transverse modes in quantum cascade lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(1), 013901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Yu, L. Diehl, E. Cubukcu, C. Pflügl, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, G. Höfler, K. B. Crozier, and F. Capasso, “Near-field imaging of quantum cascade laser transverse modes,” Opt. Express15(20), 13227–13235 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carras, M.

M. Carras and A. De Rossi, “Photonic modes of metallodielectric periodic waveguides in the mid-infrared spectral range,” Phys. Rev. B74(23), 235120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chassagneux, Y.

A. Bousseksou, R. Colombelli, A. Babuty, Y. De Wilde, Y. Chassagneux, C. Sirtori, G. Patriarche, G. Beaudoin, and I. Sagnes, “A semiconductor laser device for the generation of surface-plasmons upon electrical injection,” Opt. Express17(11), 9391–9400 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bousseksou, Y. Chassagneux, J. R. Coudevylle, R. Colombelli, C. Sirtori, G. Patriarche, G. Beaudoin, and I. Sagnes, “Surface-plasmon distributed-feedback quantum cascade lasers operating pulsed, room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(9), 091105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Colombelli, R.

D. Costantini, L. Greusard, A. Bousseksou, Y. De Wilde, B. Habert, F. Marquier, J.-J. Greffet, F. Lelarge, J. Decobert, G.-H. Duan, and R. Colombelli, “A hybrid plasmonic semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102(10), 101106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Costantini, L. Greusard, A. Bousseksou, R. Rungsawang, T. P. Zhang, S. Callard, J. Decobert, F. Lelarge, G.-H. Duan, Y. De Wilde, and R. Colombelli, “In situ generation of surface plasmon polaritons using a near-infrared laser diode,” Nano Lett.12(9), 4693–4697 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Costantini, A. Bousseksou, M. Fevrier, B. Dagens, and R. Colombelli, “Loss and gain measurements of tensile-strained quantum well diode lasers for plasmonic devices at telecom wavelengths,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.48(1), 73–78 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Bousseksou, R. Colombelli, A. Babuty, Y. De Wilde, Y. Chassagneux, C. Sirtori, G. Patriarche, G. Beaudoin, and I. Sagnes, “A semiconductor laser device for the generation of surface-plasmons upon electrical injection,” Opt. Express17(11), 9391–9400 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bousseksou, Y. Chassagneux, J. R. Coudevylle, R. Colombelli, C. Sirtori, G. Patriarche, G. Beaudoin, and I. Sagnes, “Surface-plasmon distributed-feedback quantum cascade lasers operating pulsed, room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(9), 091105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Corzine, S.

N. Yu, L. Diehl, E. Cubukcu, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, A. K. Wojcik, K. B. Crozier, A. Belyanin, F. Capasso, and F. Capasso, “Coherent coupling of multiple transverse modes in quantum cascade lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(1), 013901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Yu, L. Diehl, E. Cubukcu, C. Pflügl, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, G. Höfler, K. B. Crozier, and F. Capasso, “Near-field imaging of quantum cascade laser transverse modes,” Opt. Express15(20), 13227–13235 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Costantini, D.

D. Costantini, L. Greusard, A. Bousseksou, Y. De Wilde, B. Habert, F. Marquier, J.-J. Greffet, F. Lelarge, J. Decobert, G.-H. Duan, and R. Colombelli, “A hybrid plasmonic semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102(10), 101106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Costantini, L. Greusard, A. Bousseksou, R. Rungsawang, T. P. Zhang, S. Callard, J. Decobert, F. Lelarge, G.-H. Duan, Y. De Wilde, and R. Colombelli, “In situ generation of surface plasmon polaritons using a near-infrared laser diode,” Nano Lett.12(9), 4693–4697 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Costantini, A. Bousseksou, M. Fevrier, B. Dagens, and R. Colombelli, “Loss and gain measurements of tensile-strained quantum well diode lasers for plasmonic devices at telecom wavelengths,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.48(1), 73–78 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Coudevylle, J. R.

A. Bousseksou, Y. Chassagneux, J. R. Coudevylle, R. Colombelli, C. Sirtori, G. Patriarche, G. Beaudoin, and I. Sagnes, “Surface-plasmon distributed-feedback quantum cascade lasers operating pulsed, room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(9), 091105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Crozier, K. B.

N. Yu, L. Diehl, E. Cubukcu, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, A. K. Wojcik, K. B. Crozier, A. Belyanin, F. Capasso, and F. Capasso, “Coherent coupling of multiple transverse modes in quantum cascade lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(1), 013901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Yu, L. Diehl, E. Cubukcu, C. Pflügl, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, G. Höfler, K. B. Crozier, and F. Capasso, “Near-field imaging of quantum cascade laser transverse modes,” Opt. Express15(20), 13227–13235 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cubukcu, E.

N. Yu, L. Diehl, E. Cubukcu, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, A. K. Wojcik, K. B. Crozier, A. Belyanin, F. Capasso, and F. Capasso, “Coherent coupling of multiple transverse modes in quantum cascade lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(1), 013901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Yu, L. Diehl, E. Cubukcu, C. Pflügl, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, G. Höfler, K. B. Crozier, and F. Capasso, “Near-field imaging of quantum cascade laser transverse modes,” Opt. Express15(20), 13227–13235 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cuisin, C.

J. Decobert, N. Lagay, C. Cuisin, B. Dagens, B. Thedrez, and F. Laruelle, “MOVPE growth of AlGaInAs–InP highly tensile-strained MQWs for 1.3 mm low threshold lasers,” J. Cryst. Growth272(1-4), 543–548 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dagens, B.

D. Costantini, A. Bousseksou, M. Fevrier, B. Dagens, and R. Colombelli, “Loss and gain measurements of tensile-strained quantum well diode lasers for plasmonic devices at telecom wavelengths,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.48(1), 73–78 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Decobert, N. Lagay, C. Cuisin, B. Dagens, B. Thedrez, and F. Laruelle, “MOVPE growth of AlGaInAs–InP highly tensile-strained MQWs for 1.3 mm low threshold lasers,” J. Cryst. Growth272(1-4), 543–548 (2004).
[CrossRef]

De Rossi, A.

M. Carras and A. De Rossi, “Photonic modes of metallodielectric periodic waveguides in the mid-infrared spectral range,” Phys. Rev. B74(23), 235120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

De Wilde, Y.

D. Costantini, L. Greusard, A. Bousseksou, Y. De Wilde, B. Habert, F. Marquier, J.-J. Greffet, F. Lelarge, J. Decobert, G.-H. Duan, and R. Colombelli, “A hybrid plasmonic semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102(10), 101106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Costantini, L. Greusard, A. Bousseksou, R. Rungsawang, T. P. Zhang, S. Callard, J. Decobert, F. Lelarge, G.-H. Duan, Y. De Wilde, and R. Colombelli, “In situ generation of surface plasmon polaritons using a near-infrared laser diode,” Nano Lett.12(9), 4693–4697 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bousseksou, R. Colombelli, A. Babuty, Y. De Wilde, Y. Chassagneux, C. Sirtori, G. Patriarche, G. Beaudoin, and I. Sagnes, “A semiconductor laser device for the generation of surface-plasmons upon electrical injection,” Opt. Express17(11), 9391–9400 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Decobert, J.

D. Costantini, L. Greusard, A. Bousseksou, Y. De Wilde, B. Habert, F. Marquier, J.-J. Greffet, F. Lelarge, J. Decobert, G.-H. Duan, and R. Colombelli, “A hybrid plasmonic semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102(10), 101106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Costantini, L. Greusard, A. Bousseksou, R. Rungsawang, T. P. Zhang, S. Callard, J. Decobert, F. Lelarge, G.-H. Duan, Y. De Wilde, and R. Colombelli, “In situ generation of surface plasmon polaritons using a near-infrared laser diode,” Nano Lett.12(9), 4693–4697 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Decobert, N. Lagay, C. Cuisin, B. Dagens, B. Thedrez, and F. Laruelle, “MOVPE growth of AlGaInAs–InP highly tensile-strained MQWs for 1.3 mm low threshold lasers,” J. Cryst. Growth272(1-4), 543–548 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Deubert, S.

W. Kaiser, K. Mathwig, S. Deubert, J. P. Reithmaier, A. Forchel, O. Parillaud, M. Krakowski, D. Hadass, V. Mikhelashvili, and G. Eisenstein, “Static and dynamic properties of laterally coupled DFB lasers based on InAs/InP QDash structures,” Electron. Lett.41(14), 808–810 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Diehl, L.

N. Yu, L. Diehl, E. Cubukcu, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, A. K. Wojcik, K. B. Crozier, A. Belyanin, F. Capasso, and F. Capasso, “Coherent coupling of multiple transverse modes in quantum cascade lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(1), 013901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Yu, L. Diehl, E. Cubukcu, C. Pflügl, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, G. Höfler, K. B. Crozier, and F. Capasso, “Near-field imaging of quantum cascade laser transverse modes,” Opt. Express15(20), 13227–13235 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duan, G.-H.

D. Costantini, L. Greusard, A. Bousseksou, Y. De Wilde, B. Habert, F. Marquier, J.-J. Greffet, F. Lelarge, J. Decobert, G.-H. Duan, and R. Colombelli, “A hybrid plasmonic semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102(10), 101106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Costantini, L. Greusard, A. Bousseksou, R. Rungsawang, T. P. Zhang, S. Callard, J. Decobert, F. Lelarge, G.-H. Duan, Y. De Wilde, and R. Colombelli, “In situ generation of surface plasmon polaritons using a near-infrared laser diode,” Nano Lett.12(9), 4693–4697 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eisenstein, G.

W. Kaiser, K. Mathwig, S. Deubert, J. P. Reithmaier, A. Forchel, O. Parillaud, M. Krakowski, D. Hadass, V. Mikhelashvili, and G. Eisenstein, “Static and dynamic properties of laterally coupled DFB lasers based on InAs/InP QDash structures,” Electron. Lett.41(14), 808–810 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fevrier, M.

D. Costantini, A. Bousseksou, M. Fevrier, B. Dagens, and R. Colombelli, “Loss and gain measurements of tensile-strained quantum well diode lasers for plasmonic devices at telecom wavelengths,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.48(1), 73–78 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, M.

M. Kamp, J. Hofmann, F. Schäfer, M. Reinhard, M. Fischer, T. Bleuel, J. P. Reithmaier, and A. Forchel, “Lateral coupling: a material independent way to complex coupled DFB lasers,” Opt. Mater.17(1-2), 19–25 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Forchel, A.

W. Kaiser, K. Mathwig, S. Deubert, J. P. Reithmaier, A. Forchel, O. Parillaud, M. Krakowski, D. Hadass, V. Mikhelashvili, and G. Eisenstein, “Static and dynamic properties of laterally coupled DFB lasers based on InAs/InP QDash structures,” Electron. Lett.41(14), 808–810 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Kamp, J. Hofmann, F. Schäfer, M. Reinhard, M. Fischer, T. Bleuel, J. P. Reithmaier, and A. Forchel, “Lateral coupling: a material independent way to complex coupled DFB lasers,” Opt. Mater.17(1-2), 19–25 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Kamp, J. Hofmann, A. Forchel, F. Schäfer, and J. P. Reithmaier, “Low-threshold high-quantum efficiency laterally gain-coupled InGaAs/AlGaAs distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(4), 483–485 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fuchs, P.

W. Zeller, L. Naehle, P. Fuchs, F. Gerschuetz, L. Hildebrandt, and J. Koeth, “DFB lasers between 760 nm and 16 μm for sensing applications,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland)10(4), 2492–2510 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gerschuetz, F.

W. Zeller, L. Naehle, P. Fuchs, F. Gerschuetz, L. Hildebrandt, and J. Koeth, “DFB lasers between 760 nm and 16 μm for sensing applications,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland)10(4), 2492–2510 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Greffet, J.-J.

D. Costantini, L. Greusard, A. Bousseksou, Y. De Wilde, B. Habert, F. Marquier, J.-J. Greffet, F. Lelarge, J. Decobert, G.-H. Duan, and R. Colombelli, “A hybrid plasmonic semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102(10), 101106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Greusard, L.

D. Costantini, L. Greusard, A. Bousseksou, Y. De Wilde, B. Habert, F. Marquier, J.-J. Greffet, F. Lelarge, J. Decobert, G.-H. Duan, and R. Colombelli, “A hybrid plasmonic semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102(10), 101106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Costantini, L. Greusard, A. Bousseksou, R. Rungsawang, T. P. Zhang, S. Callard, J. Decobert, F. Lelarge, G.-H. Duan, Y. De Wilde, and R. Colombelli, “In situ generation of surface plasmon polaritons using a near-infrared laser diode,” Nano Lett.12(9), 4693–4697 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Habert, B.

D. Costantini, L. Greusard, A. Bousseksou, Y. De Wilde, B. Habert, F. Marquier, J.-J. Greffet, F. Lelarge, J. Decobert, G.-H. Duan, and R. Colombelli, “A hybrid plasmonic semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102(10), 101106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hadass, D.

W. Kaiser, K. Mathwig, S. Deubert, J. P. Reithmaier, A. Forchel, O. Parillaud, M. Krakowski, D. Hadass, V. Mikhelashvili, and G. Eisenstein, “Static and dynamic properties of laterally coupled DFB lasers based on InAs/InP QDash structures,” Electron. Lett.41(14), 808–810 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hildebrandt, L.

W. Zeller, L. Naehle, P. Fuchs, F. Gerschuetz, L. Hildebrandt, and J. Koeth, “DFB lasers between 760 nm and 16 μm for sensing applications,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland)10(4), 2492–2510 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hillenbrand, R.

R. Hillenbrand, B. Knoll, and F. Keilmann, “Pure optical contrast in scattering-type scanning near-field microscopy,” J. Microsc.202(1), 77–83 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Höfler, G.

N. Yu, L. Diehl, E. Cubukcu, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, A. K. Wojcik, K. B. Crozier, A. Belyanin, F. Capasso, and F. Capasso, “Coherent coupling of multiple transverse modes in quantum cascade lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(1), 013901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Yu, L. Diehl, E. Cubukcu, C. Pflügl, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, G. Höfler, K. B. Crozier, and F. Capasso, “Near-field imaging of quantum cascade laser transverse modes,” Opt. Express15(20), 13227–13235 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hofmann, J.

M. Kamp, J. Hofmann, F. Schäfer, M. Reinhard, M. Fischer, T. Bleuel, J. P. Reithmaier, and A. Forchel, “Lateral coupling: a material independent way to complex coupled DFB lasers,” Opt. Mater.17(1-2), 19–25 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Kamp, J. Hofmann, A. Forchel, F. Schäfer, and J. P. Reithmaier, “Low-threshold high-quantum efficiency laterally gain-coupled InGaAs/AlGaAs distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(4), 483–485 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, W.

W. Kaiser, K. Mathwig, S. Deubert, J. P. Reithmaier, A. Forchel, O. Parillaud, M. Krakowski, D. Hadass, V. Mikhelashvili, and G. Eisenstein, “Static and dynamic properties of laterally coupled DFB lasers based on InAs/InP QDash structures,” Electron. Lett.41(14), 808–810 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kamp, M.

M. Kamp, J. Hofmann, F. Schäfer, M. Reinhard, M. Fischer, T. Bleuel, J. P. Reithmaier, and A. Forchel, “Lateral coupling: a material independent way to complex coupled DFB lasers,” Opt. Mater.17(1-2), 19–25 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Kamp, J. Hofmann, A. Forchel, F. Schäfer, and J. P. Reithmaier, “Low-threshold high-quantum efficiency laterally gain-coupled InGaAs/AlGaAs distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(4), 483–485 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Keilmann, F.

R. Hillenbrand, B. Knoll, and F. Keilmann, “Pure optical contrast in scattering-type scanning near-field microscopy,” J. Microsc.202(1), 77–83 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knoll, B.

R. Hillenbrand, B. Knoll, and F. Keilmann, “Pure optical contrast in scattering-type scanning near-field microscopy,” J. Microsc.202(1), 77–83 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koeth, J.

W. Zeller, L. Naehle, P. Fuchs, F. Gerschuetz, L. Hildebrandt, and J. Koeth, “DFB lasers between 760 nm and 16 μm for sensing applications,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland)10(4), 2492–2510 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Krakowski, M.

W. Kaiser, K. Mathwig, S. Deubert, J. P. Reithmaier, A. Forchel, O. Parillaud, M. Krakowski, D. Hadass, V. Mikhelashvili, and G. Eisenstein, “Static and dynamic properties of laterally coupled DFB lasers based on InAs/InP QDash structures,” Electron. Lett.41(14), 808–810 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lagay, N.

J. Decobert, N. Lagay, C. Cuisin, B. Dagens, B. Thedrez, and F. Laruelle, “MOVPE growth of AlGaInAs–InP highly tensile-strained MQWs for 1.3 mm low threshold lasers,” J. Cryst. Growth272(1-4), 543–548 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Laruelle, F.

J. Decobert, N. Lagay, C. Cuisin, B. Dagens, B. Thedrez, and F. Laruelle, “MOVPE growth of AlGaInAs–InP highly tensile-strained MQWs for 1.3 mm low threshold lasers,” J. Cryst. Growth272(1-4), 543–548 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lelarge, F.

D. Costantini, L. Greusard, A. Bousseksou, Y. De Wilde, B. Habert, F. Marquier, J.-J. Greffet, F. Lelarge, J. Decobert, G.-H. Duan, and R. Colombelli, “A hybrid plasmonic semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102(10), 101106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Costantini, L. Greusard, A. Bousseksou, R. Rungsawang, T. P. Zhang, S. Callard, J. Decobert, F. Lelarge, G.-H. Duan, Y. De Wilde, and R. Colombelli, “In situ generation of surface plasmon polaritons using a near-infrared laser diode,” Nano Lett.12(9), 4693–4697 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marquier, F.

D. Costantini, L. Greusard, A. Bousseksou, Y. De Wilde, B. Habert, F. Marquier, J.-J. Greffet, F. Lelarge, J. Decobert, G.-H. Duan, and R. Colombelli, “A hybrid plasmonic semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102(10), 101106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Mathwig, K.

W. Kaiser, K. Mathwig, S. Deubert, J. P. Reithmaier, A. Forchel, O. Parillaud, M. Krakowski, D. Hadass, V. Mikhelashvili, and G. Eisenstein, “Static and dynamic properties of laterally coupled DFB lasers based on InAs/InP QDash structures,” Electron. Lett.41(14), 808–810 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mikhelashvili, V.

W. Kaiser, K. Mathwig, S. Deubert, J. P. Reithmaier, A. Forchel, O. Parillaud, M. Krakowski, D. Hadass, V. Mikhelashvili, and G. Eisenstein, “Static and dynamic properties of laterally coupled DFB lasers based on InAs/InP QDash structures,” Electron. Lett.41(14), 808–810 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Naehle, L.

W. Zeller, L. Naehle, P. Fuchs, F. Gerschuetz, L. Hildebrandt, and J. Koeth, “DFB lasers between 760 nm and 16 μm for sensing applications,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland)10(4), 2492–2510 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Parillaud, O.

W. Kaiser, K. Mathwig, S. Deubert, J. P. Reithmaier, A. Forchel, O. Parillaud, M. Krakowski, D. Hadass, V. Mikhelashvili, and G. Eisenstein, “Static and dynamic properties of laterally coupled DFB lasers based on InAs/InP QDash structures,” Electron. Lett.41(14), 808–810 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Patriarche, G.

A. Bousseksou, Y. Chassagneux, J. R. Coudevylle, R. Colombelli, C. Sirtori, G. Patriarche, G. Beaudoin, and I. Sagnes, “Surface-plasmon distributed-feedback quantum cascade lasers operating pulsed, room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(9), 091105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Bousseksou, R. Colombelli, A. Babuty, Y. De Wilde, Y. Chassagneux, C. Sirtori, G. Patriarche, G. Beaudoin, and I. Sagnes, “A semiconductor laser device for the generation of surface-plasmons upon electrical injection,” Opt. Express17(11), 9391–9400 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pflügl, C.

Reinhard, M.

M. Kamp, J. Hofmann, F. Schäfer, M. Reinhard, M. Fischer, T. Bleuel, J. P. Reithmaier, and A. Forchel, “Lateral coupling: a material independent way to complex coupled DFB lasers,” Opt. Mater.17(1-2), 19–25 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Reithmaier, J. P.

W. Kaiser, K. Mathwig, S. Deubert, J. P. Reithmaier, A. Forchel, O. Parillaud, M. Krakowski, D. Hadass, V. Mikhelashvili, and G. Eisenstein, “Static and dynamic properties of laterally coupled DFB lasers based on InAs/InP QDash structures,” Electron. Lett.41(14), 808–810 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Kamp, J. Hofmann, F. Schäfer, M. Reinhard, M. Fischer, T. Bleuel, J. P. Reithmaier, and A. Forchel, “Lateral coupling: a material independent way to complex coupled DFB lasers,” Opt. Mater.17(1-2), 19–25 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Kamp, J. Hofmann, A. Forchel, F. Schäfer, and J. P. Reithmaier, “Low-threshold high-quantum efficiency laterally gain-coupled InGaAs/AlGaAs distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(4), 483–485 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Royer, P.

G. Wurtz, R. Bachelot, and P. Royer, “Imaging a GaAlAs laser diode in operation using apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.5(3), 269–275 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Bachelot, G. Wurtz, and P. Royer, “An application of the apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy: Imaging a GaAlAs laser diode in operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.73(23), 3333–3335 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rungsawang, R.

D. Costantini, L. Greusard, A. Bousseksou, R. Rungsawang, T. P. Zhang, S. Callard, J. Decobert, F. Lelarge, G.-H. Duan, Y. De Wilde, and R. Colombelli, “In situ generation of surface plasmon polaritons using a near-infrared laser diode,” Nano Lett.12(9), 4693–4697 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sagnes, I.

A. Bousseksou, Y. Chassagneux, J. R. Coudevylle, R. Colombelli, C. Sirtori, G. Patriarche, G. Beaudoin, and I. Sagnes, “Surface-plasmon distributed-feedback quantum cascade lasers operating pulsed, room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(9), 091105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Bousseksou, R. Colombelli, A. Babuty, Y. De Wilde, Y. Chassagneux, C. Sirtori, G. Patriarche, G. Beaudoin, and I. Sagnes, “A semiconductor laser device for the generation of surface-plasmons upon electrical injection,” Opt. Express17(11), 9391–9400 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schäfer, F.

M. Kamp, J. Hofmann, F. Schäfer, M. Reinhard, M. Fischer, T. Bleuel, J. P. Reithmaier, and A. Forchel, “Lateral coupling: a material independent way to complex coupled DFB lasers,” Opt. Mater.17(1-2), 19–25 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Kamp, J. Hofmann, A. Forchel, F. Schäfer, and J. P. Reithmaier, “Low-threshold high-quantum efficiency laterally gain-coupled InGaAs/AlGaAs distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(4), 483–485 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sirtori, C.

A. Bousseksou, R. Colombelli, A. Babuty, Y. De Wilde, Y. Chassagneux, C. Sirtori, G. Patriarche, G. Beaudoin, and I. Sagnes, “A semiconductor laser device for the generation of surface-plasmons upon electrical injection,” Opt. Express17(11), 9391–9400 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bousseksou, Y. Chassagneux, J. R. Coudevylle, R. Colombelli, C. Sirtori, G. Patriarche, G. Beaudoin, and I. Sagnes, “Surface-plasmon distributed-feedback quantum cascade lasers operating pulsed, room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(9), 091105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Thedrez, B.

J. Decobert, N. Lagay, C. Cuisin, B. Dagens, B. Thedrez, and F. Laruelle, “MOVPE growth of AlGaInAs–InP highly tensile-strained MQWs for 1.3 mm low threshold lasers,” J. Cryst. Growth272(1-4), 543–548 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wojcik, A. K.

N. Yu, L. Diehl, E. Cubukcu, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, A. K. Wojcik, K. B. Crozier, A. Belyanin, F. Capasso, and F. Capasso, “Coherent coupling of multiple transverse modes in quantum cascade lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(1), 013901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wurtz, G.

G. Wurtz, R. Bachelot, and P. Royer, “Imaging a GaAlAs laser diode in operation using apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.5(3), 269–275 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Bachelot, G. Wurtz, and P. Royer, “An application of the apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy: Imaging a GaAlAs laser diode in operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.73(23), 3333–3335 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yu, N.

N. Yu, L. Diehl, E. Cubukcu, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, A. K. Wojcik, K. B. Crozier, A. Belyanin, F. Capasso, and F. Capasso, “Coherent coupling of multiple transverse modes in quantum cascade lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(1), 013901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Yu, L. Diehl, E. Cubukcu, C. Pflügl, D. Bour, S. Corzine, J. Zhu, G. Höfler, K. B. Crozier, and F. Capasso, “Near-field imaging of quantum cascade laser transverse modes,” Opt. Express15(20), 13227–13235 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeller, W.

W. Zeller, L. Naehle, P. Fuchs, F. Gerschuetz, L. Hildebrandt, and J. Koeth, “DFB lasers between 760 nm and 16 μm for sensing applications,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland)10(4), 2492–2510 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, T. P.

D. Costantini, L. Greusard, A. Bousseksou, R. Rungsawang, T. P. Zhang, S. Callard, J. Decobert, F. Lelarge, G.-H. Duan, Y. De Wilde, and R. Colombelli, “In situ generation of surface plasmon polaritons using a near-infrared laser diode,” Nano Lett.12(9), 4693–4697 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, J.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

M. Kamp, J. Hofmann, A. Forchel, F. Schäfer, and J. P. Reithmaier, “Low-threshold high-quantum efficiency laterally gain-coupled InGaAs/AlGaAs distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(4), 483–485 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Bousseksou, Y. Chassagneux, J. R. Coudevylle, R. Colombelli, C. Sirtori, G. Patriarche, G. Beaudoin, and I. Sagnes, “Surface-plasmon distributed-feedback quantum cascade lasers operating pulsed, room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(9), 091105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Costantini, L. Greusard, A. Bousseksou, Y. De Wilde, B. Habert, F. Marquier, J.-J. Greffet, F. Lelarge, J. Decobert, G.-H. Duan, and R. Colombelli, “A hybrid plasmonic semiconductor laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102(10), 101106 (2013).
[CrossRef]

R. Bachelot, G. Wurtz, and P. Royer, “An application of the apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy: Imaging a GaAlAs laser diode in operation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.73(23), 3333–3335 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

W. Kaiser, K. Mathwig, S. Deubert, J. P. Reithmaier, A. Forchel, O. Parillaud, M. Krakowski, D. Hadass, V. Mikhelashvili, and G. Eisenstein, “Static and dynamic properties of laterally coupled DFB lasers based on InAs/InP QDash structures,” Electron. Lett.41(14), 808–810 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. Wurtz, R. Bachelot, and P. Royer, “Imaging a GaAlAs laser diode in operation using apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopy,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys.5(3), 269–275 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. Costantini, A. Bousseksou, M. Fevrier, B. Dagens, and R. Colombelli, “Loss and gain measurements of tensile-strained quantum well diode lasers for plasmonic devices at telecom wavelengths,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.48(1), 73–78 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

J. Decobert, N. Lagay, C. Cuisin, B. Dagens, B. Thedrez, and F. Laruelle, “MOVPE growth of AlGaInAs–InP highly tensile-strained MQWs for 1.3 mm low threshold lasers,” J. Cryst. Growth272(1-4), 543–548 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Microsc. (1)

R. Hillenbrand, B. Knoll, and F. Keilmann, “Pure optical contrast in scattering-type scanning near-field microscopy,” J. Microsc.202(1), 77–83 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nano Lett. (1)

D. Costantini, L. Greusard, A. Bousseksou, R. Rungsawang, T. P. Zhang, S. Callard, J. Decobert, F. Lelarge, G.-H. Duan, Y. De Wilde, and R. Colombelli, “In situ generation of surface plasmon polaritons using a near-infrared laser diode,” Nano Lett.12(9), 4693–4697 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Mater. (1)

M. Kamp, J. Hofmann, F. Schäfer, M. Reinhard, M. Fischer, T. Bleuel, J. P. Reithmaier, and A. Forchel, “Lateral coupling: a material independent way to complex coupled DFB lasers,” Opt. Mater.17(1-2), 19–25 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. Carras and A. De Rossi, “Photonic modes of metallodielectric periodic waveguides in the mid-infrared spectral range,” Phys. Rev. B74(23), 235120 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

N. Yu, L. Diehl, E. Cubukcu, D. Bour, S. Corzine, G. Höfler, A. K. Wojcik, K. B. Crozier, A. Belyanin, F. Capasso, and F. Capasso, “Coherent coupling of multiple transverse modes in quantum cascade lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(1), 013901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sensors (Basel Switzerland) (1)

W. Zeller, L. Naehle, P. Fuchs, F. Gerschuetz, L. Hildebrandt, and J. Koeth, “DFB lasers between 760 nm and 16 μm for sensing applications,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland)10(4), 2492–2510 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

J. Singh, Semiconductor Optoelectronics (McGraw-Hill, 1995), pp. 527.

J. J. Coleman, A. C. Bryce, and C. Jagadish, Advances in Semiconductor Lasers (Academy, 2012).

J. Carroll, J. Whiteaway, and D. Plumb, Distributed Feedback Semiconductor Lasers (The Institution of Electrical Engineers IEE, 1998), Vol. 86.

Comsol Multyphysics, www.comsol.com . The simulation is performed in 3D on a single period of the DFB cavity (p = 200nm) imposing Bloch periodic boundary conditions along the propagation direction.

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