Abstract

OFDM superchannel that consists of multiple low speed individually-modulated subbands has been proposed for high speed optical transmission and flexible optical networks with multiple data rate accommodation. In this work, we investigate the feasibility of superchannel multicasting and verify it utilizing multiple-pump FWM in highly nonlinear fiber. 400 Gb/s PDM-OFDM superchannel that consists of ten subbands is successfully delivered from one superchannel to up to seven different superchannels with error free operation. Pump power and signal power are also optimized to achieve the optimal multicasting performance.

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    [CrossRef]
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  13. Q. Yang, S. You, G. Shen, Z. He, M. Luo, Z. Yang, S. Yu, and W. Shieh, “Experimental demonstration of Tb/s optical transport network based on CO-OFDM superchannel with heterogeneous ROADM nodes supporting single-fiber bidirectional communications,” in Proc. OFC2012, Paper JTh2A.47.
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  24. Z. Chen, L. Yan, W. Pan, B. Luo, A. Yi, Y. Guo, and J. H. Lee, “One-to-Nine multicasting of RZ-DPSK based on cascaded four-wave mixing in a highly nonlinear fiber without stimulated brillouin scattering suppression,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(20), 1882–1885 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  25. D. Wang, T.-H. Cheng, Y.-K. Yeo, Y. Wang, Z. Xu, and G. Xiao, “7×10-Gbit/s all-optical wavelength multicast based on cross-gain modulation and cascaded four-wave mixing effects in an SOA using single pump laser source, ” in Proc. OFC2011, Paper JWA40.
  26. O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wang, J. Wang, I. Fazal, J.-Y. Yang, X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, “Experimental demonstration of 8-fold multicasting of a 100 Gb/s polarization-multiplexed OOK signal using highly nonlinear fiber,” in Proc. OFC2010, Paper OWP8.
  27. J. Lu, Z. Dong, L. Chen, and J. Yu, “Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion based on four-wave mixing for polarization multiplexing signal in high-nonlinear fiber,” Opt. Commun.282(7), 1274–1280 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (3)

2011 (1)

2009 (3)

2008 (2)

2003 (1)

G. N. Rouskas, “Optical layer multicast: Rationale, building blocks, and challenges,” IEEE Netw.17(1), 60–65 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

R. K. Pankaj, “Wavelength requirements for multicasting in all-optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw.7(3), 414–424 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Abedin, K. S.

Armstrong, J.

Bao, H.

Chen, L.

J. Lu, Z. Dong, L. Chen, and J. Yu, “Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion based on four-wave mixing for polarization multiplexing signal in high-nonlinear fiber,” Opt. Commun.282(7), 1274–1280 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.

Chen, Y.

Chen, Z.

Z. Chen, L. Yan, W. Pan, B. Luo, A. Yi, Y. Guo, and J. H. Lee, “One-to-Nine multicasting of RZ-DPSK based on cascaded four-wave mixing in a highly nonlinear fiber without stimulated brillouin scattering suppression,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(20), 1882–1885 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhao, Y. Chen, S. Zhang, J. Li, F. Zhang, L. Zhu, and Z. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of 1.08 Tb/s PDM CO-SCFDM transmission over 3170 km SSMF,” Opt. Express20(2), 787–793 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, Z.

J. Lu, Z. Dong, L. Chen, and J. Yu, “Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion based on four-wave mixing for polarization multiplexing signal in high-nonlinear fiber,” Opt. Commun.282(7), 1274–1280 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Galili, M.

Guo, Y.

Z. Chen, L. Yan, W. Pan, B. Luo, A. Yi, Y. Guo, and J. H. Lee, “One-to-Nine multicasting of RZ-DPSK based on cascaded four-wave mixing in a highly nonlinear fiber without stimulated brillouin scattering suppression,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(20), 1882–1885 (2012).
[CrossRef]

He, Z.

Hu, H.

Hvam, J. M.

Jeppesen, P.

Ji, H.

Lee, J. H.

Z. Chen, L. Yan, W. Pan, B. Luo, A. Yi, Y. Guo, and J. H. Lee, “One-to-Nine multicasting of RZ-DPSK based on cascaded four-wave mixing in a highly nonlinear fiber without stimulated brillouin scattering suppression,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(20), 1882–1885 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

Lu, G. W.

Lu, J.

J. Lu, Z. Dong, L. Chen, and J. Yu, “Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion based on four-wave mixing for polarization multiplexing signal in high-nonlinear fiber,” Opt. Commun.282(7), 1274–1280 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Luo, B.

Z. Chen, L. Yan, W. Pan, B. Luo, A. Yi, Y. Guo, and J. H. Lee, “One-to-Nine multicasting of RZ-DPSK based on cascaded four-wave mixing in a highly nonlinear fiber without stimulated brillouin scattering suppression,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(20), 1882–1885 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Y.

Miyazaki, T.

Oxenløwe, L. K.

Pan, W.

Z. Chen, L. Yan, W. Pan, B. Luo, A. Yi, Y. Guo, and J. H. Lee, “One-to-Nine multicasting of RZ-DPSK based on cascaded four-wave mixing in a highly nonlinear fiber without stimulated brillouin scattering suppression,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(20), 1882–1885 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pankaj, R. K.

R. K. Pankaj, “Wavelength requirements for multicasting in all-optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw.7(3), 414–424 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pu, M.

Rouskas, G. N.

G. N. Rouskas, “Optical layer multicast: Rationale, building blocks, and challenges,” IEEE Netw.17(1), 60–65 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shieh, W.

Tang, Y.

Yan, L.

Z. Chen, L. Yan, W. Pan, B. Luo, A. Yi, Y. Guo, and J. H. Lee, “One-to-Nine multicasting of RZ-DPSK based on cascaded four-wave mixing in a highly nonlinear fiber without stimulated brillouin scattering suppression,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(20), 1882–1885 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Q.

Yang, Z.

Yi, A.

Z. Chen, L. Yan, W. Pan, B. Luo, A. Yi, Y. Guo, and J. H. Lee, “One-to-Nine multicasting of RZ-DPSK based on cascaded four-wave mixing in a highly nonlinear fiber without stimulated brillouin scattering suppression,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(20), 1882–1885 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yi, X.

Yu, J.

J. Lu, Z. Dong, L. Chen, and J. Yu, “Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion based on four-wave mixing for polarization multiplexing signal in high-nonlinear fiber,” Opt. Commun.282(7), 1274–1280 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yu, S.

Yvind, K.

Zhang, F.

Zhang, S.

Zhao, C.

Zhu, L.

IEEE Netw. (1)

G. N. Rouskas, “Optical layer multicast: Rationale, building blocks, and challenges,” IEEE Netw.17(1), 60–65 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Z. Chen, L. Yan, W. Pan, B. Luo, A. Yi, Y. Guo, and J. H. Lee, “One-to-Nine multicasting of RZ-DPSK based on cascaded four-wave mixing in a highly nonlinear fiber without stimulated brillouin scattering suppression,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(20), 1882–1885 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (1)

R. K. Pankaj, “Wavelength requirements for multicasting in all-optical networks,” IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw.7(3), 414–424 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Lu, Z. Dong, L. Chen, and J. Yu, “Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion based on four-wave mixing for polarization multiplexing signal in high-nonlinear fiber,” Opt. Commun.282(7), 1274–1280 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Other (16)

X. Zhang, J. Wei, and C. Qiao, “On fundamental issues in IP over WDM multicast,” in Proceedings of Int. Conf. Computer, Communications and Networks (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Boston, 1999), pp.84–90.

C. Y. Li, P. K. A. Wai, X. C. Yuan, and V. O. K. Li, “Multicasting in deflection-routed all-optical packet-switched networks,” in Proceedings of IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Taipei, 2002), pp.2842–2846.

R. Dischler and F. Buchali, “Transmission of 1.2 Tb/s continuous waveband PDM-OFDM-FDM signal with spectral efficiency of 3.3 bit/s/Hz over 400 km of SSMF,” in Proc. OFC2009, paper PDPC2.

Q. Yang, S. You, G. Shen, Z. He, M. Luo, Z. Yang, S. Yu, and W. Shieh, “Experimental demonstration of Tb/s optical transport network based on CO-OFDM superchannel with heterogeneous ROADM nodes supporting single-fiber bidirectional communications,” in Proc. OFC2012, Paper JTh2A.47.
[CrossRef]

D. Wang, T.-H. Cheng, Y.-K. Yeo, Y. Wang, Z. Xu, J. Liu, and G. Xiao, “Optical wavelength multicasting based on four wave mixing in highly nonlinear fiber with reduced polarization sensitivity,” in Proc. OFC2010, Paper JWA47.

H. Takahashi, K. Takeshima, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, “400-Gbit/s optical OFDM transmission over 80 km in 50-GHz frequency grid,” in Proc. ECOC2010, Paper Tu.3.C.1.
[CrossRef]

S. Chandrasekhar and X. Liu, “400-Gb/s and 1-Tb/s superchannels using multi-carrier no-guard-interval coherent OFDM,” in Proc. OECC2010, Paper 8B3–4.

X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, and B. Zhu, “Transmission of a 448-Gb/s reduced-guard-interval CO-OFDM signal with a 60-GHz optical bandwidth over 2000 km of ULAF and five 80-GHz-grid ROADMs,” in Proc. OFC2010, Paper PDPC2.

X. Liu and S. Chandrasekhar, “Beyond 1-Tb/s superchannel transmission,” in Proceedings of IEEE Photonics Conference (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Arlington, 2011), Paper ThBB1.

J. Yu, Z. Dong, X. Xiao, Y. Xia, S. Shi, C. Ge, W. Zhou, N. Chi, and Y. Shao, “Generation, transmission and coherent detection of 11.2 Tb/s (112x100Gb/s) single source optical OFDM superchannel,” in Proc. OFC2011, Paper PDPA6.

S. Chandrasekhar and X. Liu, “Terabit superchannels for high spectral efficiency transmission,” in Proc. ECOC2010, Paper Tu.3.C.5.
[CrossRef]

E. Torrengo, R. Cigliutti, G. Bosco, G. Gavioli, A. Alaimo, A. Arena, V. Curri, F. Forghieri, S. Piciaccia, M. Belmonte, A. Brinciotti, A. L. Porta, S. Abrate, and P. Poggiolini, “Transoceanic PM-QPSK terabit superchannel transmission experiments at baud-rate subcarrier spacing,” in Proc. ECOC2010, Paper We.7.C.2.

A. J. Lowery, L. Du, and J. Armstrong, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for adaptive dispersion compensation in long haul WDM systems,” in Proc. OFC2006, Paper PDP39.
[CrossRef]

C. S. Bres, A. O. J. Wiberg, B. P. P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, and S. Radic, “320 Gb/s RZ-DPSK data multicasting in self seeded parametric mixer,” in Proc. OFC2011, Paper OThC7.

D. Wang, T.-H. Cheng, Y.-K. Yeo, Y. Wang, Z. Xu, and G. Xiao, “7×10-Gbit/s all-optical wavelength multicast based on cross-gain modulation and cascaded four-wave mixing effects in an SOA using single pump laser source, ” in Proc. OFC2011, Paper JWA40.

O. F. Yilmaz, S. R. Nuccio, X. Wang, J. Wang, I. Fazal, J.-Y. Yang, X. Wu, and A. E. Willner, “Experimental demonstration of 8-fold multicasting of a 100 Gb/s polarization-multiplexed OOK signal using highly nonlinear fiber,” in Proc. OFC2010, Paper OWP8.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Operation principle of (a) multiple-pump FWM in HNLF (b) one-to-seven superchannel multicasting in HNLF.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experiment setup of (a) OFDM superchannel multicasting (b) superchannel transmitter (c) coherent receiver.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical spectra for (a) two subband after 2 × 1 PMC (b) 400 Gb/s superchannel (c) input of the HNLF (d) output of the HNLF.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical spectra of the seven superchannels after the waveshaper.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Q-factor performance of all the subbands (b) BER performance versus OSNR.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Q-factor performance versus input signal power (b) Q-factor performance versus input pump power.

Equations (4)

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N=( M 2 )2=M(M1)
ω 3 ω 2 = B s + B g
ω 2 ω 1 =2( ω 3 ω 2 )
ω s ω 3 >3.5 B s +3 B g

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