Abstract

We demonstrate the generation of temporally clean few-cycle pulses at 2.1 μm by shortening of 6-optical-cycle pulses via cross-polarized wave (XPW) generation in BaF2, CaF2 and CVD-Diamond crystals. By combining spectra and single-shot third-order intensity cross-correlation traces in a novel Bayesian pulse retrieval technique, we measured pulse durations of 20 fs, corresponding to 2.8 optical cycles. Our results show that XPW generation in the infrared could provide a high-fidelity source of few-cycle pulses for strong-field physics applications. It could also serve as an injector for high-peak power ultrafast mid-IR wavelength parametric amplifiers.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C.I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A.M. March, G.G. Paulus, H.G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L.F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. O. Chalus, A. Thai, P.K. Bates, and J. Biegert, “Six-cycle mid-infrared source with 3.8 μJ at 100 kHz,” Opt. Lett.35, 3204 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. Biegert, P.K. Bates, and O. Chalus, “New Mid-Infrared Light Sources,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18, 531 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. Cerullo, A. Baltuska, O.D. Mücke, and C. Vozzi, “Few-optical-cycle light pulses with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Las. Phot. Rev.5, 323 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  5. F. Silva, P. K. Bates, A. Esteban-Martin, M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, and J. Biegert, “High-average-power, carrier-envelope phase-stable, few-cycle pulses at 2.1 μm from a collinear BiB3O6 optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett.37, 933–935 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Biegert and J.-C. Diels, “Compression of pulses of a few optical cycles through harmonic generation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B18, 1218 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. B.E. Schmidt, P. Bejot, M. Giguere, A.D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, E. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D.M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P.B. Corkum, and F. Legare, “Compression of 1.8 μm laser pulses to sub-two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109–1211035 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C.P. Hauri, R.B. Lopez-Martens, C.I. Blaga, K.D. Schultz, J. Cryan, R. Chirla, P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, A.M. March, C. Roedig, E. Sistrunk, J. Tate, J. Wheeler, L.F. DiMauro, and E.P. Power, “Intense self-compressed, self-phase-stabilized few-cycle pulses at 2 μm from an optical filament,” Opt. Let.32, 868–870 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. Manzoni, S.W. Huang, G. Cirmi, P. Farinello, J. Moses, F.X. Kärtner, and G. Cerullo, “Coherent synthesis of ultra-broadband optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Lett.37, 1880–1882 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. N. Minkovski, G.I. Petrov, S.M. Saltiel, O. Albert, and J. Etchepare, “Nonlinear polarization rotation and orthogonal polarization generation experienced in a single-beam configuration,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B21, 1659–1664 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Jullien, X. Chen, A. Ricci, J.P. Rousseau, R. Lopez-Martens, L.P. Ramirez, D.N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “High-fidelity front-end for high-power, high temporal quality few-cycle lasers,” App. Phys. B102, 769 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J.M. Mikhailova, A. Buck, A. Borot, K. Schmid, C. Sears, G.D. Tsakiris, F. Krausz, and L. Veisz, “Ultra-high-contrast few-cycle pulses for multipetawatt-class laser technology,” Opt. Lett.36, 3145–3147 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. L. Canova, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, R. Lopez-Martens, O. Albert, and S.M. Saltiel, “Cross-polarized wave generation in the UV region,” Opt. Lett.33, 2299–2301 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. Cotel, A. Jullien, N. Forget, O. Albert, G. Chériaux, and C. Leblanc, “Nonlinear temporal pulse cleaning of a 1-μm optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system,” App. Phys. B83, 7–10 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Trisorio, S. Grabielle, M. Divall, N. Forget, and C.P. Hauri, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry for ultra-short infrared pulse characterization,” Opt. Lett.37, 2892–2894 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. L. Canova, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, A. Jullien, R. Lopez-Martens, O. Albert, and S. M. Saltiel, “Efficient generation of cross-polarized femtosecond pulses in cubic crystals with holographic cut orientation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.,92, 231102–231104 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  17. L. Canova, O. Albert, N. Forget, B. Mercier, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, S.M. Saltiel, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Influence of spectral phase on cross-polarized wave generation with short femtosecond pulses,” App. Phys. B93, 443 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. E. Adams, T. A. Planchon, J. A. Squier, and C. G. Durfee, “Spatiotemporal dynamics of cross-polarized wave generation,” Opt. Lett.,35, 1115–1117 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  19. F. Silva, P.K. Bates, A. Esteban-Martin, M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, A. Grun, S.L. Cousin, and J. Biegert, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (CLEO EUROPE/EQEC), Munich - Germany, 22–26 May 2011.
  20. A. Buck, K. Schmid, R. Tautz, J. Mikhailova, X. Gu, C. Sears, D. Herrmann, F. Krausz, and L. Veisz, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD), FMN2 (2010).
  21. I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Z. Major, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T. -J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B97, 529–536 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. Jullien, S. Kourtev, O. Albert, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, N. Minkovski, and S. Saltiel, “Highly efficient temporal cleaner for femtosecond pulses based on cross-polarized wave generation in a dual crystal scheme,” App. Phys. B, 84, 409–414 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  23. A. Jullien, O. Albert, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, and S.M. Saltiel, “A two crystal arrangement to fight efficiency saturation in cross-polarized wave generation,” Opt. Exp.14, 2760–2769 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  24. L.P. Ramirez, D.N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, P. Georges, F. Druon, P. Monot, A. Ricci, A. Jullien, X. Chen, J.P. Rousseau, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Efficient cross polarized wave generation for compact, energy-scalable, ultrashort laser sources,” Opt. Exp.19, 93–98 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  25. I. Walmsley and C. Dorrer, “Characterization of ultrashort electromagnetic pulses,” Adv. Opt. Photon.1, 308–437 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  26. L. Dahlstroem and B. Kallberg, “Third-order correlation measurement of ultrashort light pulses,” Opt. Commun.4, 285–288 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  27. T. Y. F. Tsang, “Optical third-harmonic generation at interfaces,” Phys. Rev. A52, 4116–4125 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. J. Janszky, G. Corradi, G. Gyuzalian, and R. N. Gyuzalian, “On a possibility of analysing the temporal characteristics of short light pulses,” Opt. Commun.23, 293–298 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  29. J. Peatross and A. Rundquist, “Temporal decorrelation of short laser pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B,15, 216 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  30. R. Gerchberg and W. Saxton, “A practical algorithm for the determination of phase from image and diffraction plane pictures,” Optik35, 237 (1972).
  31. J.-H. Chung and A.M. Weiner, “Ambiguity of ultrashort pulse shapes retrieved from the intensity autocorrelation and the power spectrum,” J. Sel. Top. Quant.7, 656–666 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  32. A.M.J. Huiser, A.J.J. Drenth, and H.A. Ferweda, “On phase retrieval in electron microscopy from image and diffraction pattern,” Optik45, 303–316 (1976).
  33. C. Braak, “A Markov Chain Monte Carlo version of the genetic algorithm Differential Evolution: easy Bayesian computing for real parameter spaces,” Stat. and Comp.16, 239–249 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  34. R. Storn and K. Price, “Differential evolutiona simple and efficient heuristic for global optimization over continuous spaces,” J. Global Optim.11, 341 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  35. N. Metropolis, A.W. Rosenbluth, M.N. Rosenbluth, A.H. Teller, and E. Teller, “Equation of state calculations by fast computing machines,” J. Chem. Phys.21, 1087 (1953).
    [CrossRef]
  36. W.K. Hastings, “Monte Carlo sampling methods using Markov chains and their applications,” Biometrika57, 97 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  37. T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B99, 7–12 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  38. J. Sweetser, D. Fittinghoff, and R. Trebino, “Transient-grating frequency-resolved optical gating,” Opt. Lett.22, 519–521 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

2011 (4)

A. Jullien, X. Chen, A. Ricci, J.P. Rousseau, R. Lopez-Martens, L.P. Ramirez, D.N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “High-fidelity front-end for high-power, high temporal quality few-cycle lasers,” App. Phys. B102, 769 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Cerullo, A. Baltuska, O.D. Mücke, and C. Vozzi, “Few-optical-cycle light pulses with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Las. Phot. Rev.5, 323 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L.P. Ramirez, D.N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, P. Georges, F. Druon, P. Monot, A. Ricci, A. Jullien, X. Chen, J.P. Rousseau, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Efficient cross polarized wave generation for compact, energy-scalable, ultrashort laser sources,” Opt. Exp.19, 93–98 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J.M. Mikhailova, A. Buck, A. Borot, K. Schmid, C. Sears, G.D. Tsakiris, F. Krausz, and L. Veisz, “Ultra-high-contrast few-cycle pulses for multipetawatt-class laser technology,” Opt. Lett.36, 3145–3147 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (5)

B.E. Schmidt, P. Bejot, M. Giguere, A.D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, E. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D.M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P.B. Corkum, and F. Legare, “Compression of 1.8 μm laser pulses to sub-two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109–1211035 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Adams, T. A. Planchon, J. A. Squier, and C. G. Durfee, “Spatiotemporal dynamics of cross-polarized wave generation,” Opt. Lett.,35, 1115–1117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Buck, K. Schmid, R. Tautz, J. Mikhailova, X. Gu, C. Sears, D. Herrmann, F. Krausz, and L. Veisz, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD), FMN2 (2010).

O. Chalus, A. Thai, P.K. Bates, and J. Biegert, “Six-cycle mid-infrared source with 3.8 μJ at 100 kHz,” Opt. Lett.35, 3204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B99, 7–12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

I. Walmsley and C. Dorrer, “Characterization of ultrashort electromagnetic pulses,” Adv. Opt. Photon.1, 308–437 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Z. Major, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T. -J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B97, 529–536 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

L. Canova, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, A. Jullien, R. Lopez-Martens, O. Albert, and S. M. Saltiel, “Efficient generation of cross-polarized femtosecond pulses in cubic crystals with holographic cut orientation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.,92, 231102–231104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Canova, O. Albert, N. Forget, B. Mercier, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, S.M. Saltiel, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Influence of spectral phase on cross-polarized wave generation with short femtosecond pulses,” App. Phys. B93, 443 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Canova, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, R. Lopez-Martens, O. Albert, and S.M. Saltiel, “Cross-polarized wave generation in the UV region,” Opt. Lett.33, 2299–2301 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C.I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A.M. March, G.G. Paulus, H.G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L.F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

C.P. Hauri, R.B. Lopez-Martens, C.I. Blaga, K.D. Schultz, J. Cryan, R. Chirla, P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, A.M. March, C. Roedig, E. Sistrunk, J. Tate, J. Wheeler, L.F. DiMauro, and E.P. Power, “Intense self-compressed, self-phase-stabilized few-cycle pulses at 2 μm from an optical filament,” Opt. Let.32, 868–870 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

A. Jullien, S. Kourtev, O. Albert, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, N. Minkovski, and S. Saltiel, “Highly efficient temporal cleaner for femtosecond pulses based on cross-polarized wave generation in a dual crystal scheme,” App. Phys. B, 84, 409–414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Jullien, O. Albert, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, and S.M. Saltiel, “A two crystal arrangement to fight efficiency saturation in cross-polarized wave generation,” Opt. Exp.14, 2760–2769 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Cotel, A. Jullien, N. Forget, O. Albert, G. Chériaux, and C. Leblanc, “Nonlinear temporal pulse cleaning of a 1-μm optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system,” App. Phys. B83, 7–10 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Braak, “A Markov Chain Monte Carlo version of the genetic algorithm Differential Evolution: easy Bayesian computing for real parameter spaces,” Stat. and Comp.16, 239–249 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2001 (2)

J. Biegert and J.-C. Diels, “Compression of pulses of a few optical cycles through harmonic generation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B18, 1218 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Chung and A.M. Weiner, “Ambiguity of ultrashort pulse shapes retrieved from the intensity autocorrelation and the power spectrum,” J. Sel. Top. Quant.7, 656–666 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

J. Peatross and A. Rundquist, “Temporal decorrelation of short laser pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B,15, 216 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

R. Storn and K. Price, “Differential evolutiona simple and efficient heuristic for global optimization over continuous spaces,” J. Global Optim.11, 341 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Sweetser, D. Fittinghoff, and R. Trebino, “Transient-grating frequency-resolved optical gating,” Opt. Lett.22, 519–521 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

T. Y. F. Tsang, “Optical third-harmonic generation at interfaces,” Phys. Rev. A52, 4116–4125 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1977 (1)

J. Janszky, G. Corradi, G. Gyuzalian, and R. N. Gyuzalian, “On a possibility of analysing the temporal characteristics of short light pulses,” Opt. Commun.23, 293–298 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

A.M.J. Huiser, A.J.J. Drenth, and H.A. Ferweda, “On phase retrieval in electron microscopy from image and diffraction pattern,” Optik45, 303–316 (1976).

1972 (1)

R. Gerchberg and W. Saxton, “A practical algorithm for the determination of phase from image and diffraction plane pictures,” Optik35, 237 (1972).

1971 (1)

L. Dahlstroem and B. Kallberg, “Third-order correlation measurement of ultrashort light pulses,” Opt. Commun.4, 285–288 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

W.K. Hastings, “Monte Carlo sampling methods using Markov chains and their applications,” Biometrika57, 97 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1953 (1)

N. Metropolis, A.W. Rosenbluth, M.N. Rosenbluth, A.H. Teller, and E. Teller, “Equation of state calculations by fast computing machines,” J. Chem. Phys.21, 1087 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Adams, D. E.

D. E. Adams, T. A. Planchon, J. A. Squier, and C. G. Durfee, “Spatiotemporal dynamics of cross-polarized wave generation,” Opt. Lett.,35, 1115–1117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Agostini, P.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C.I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A.M. March, G.G. Paulus, H.G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L.F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, I.

I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Z. Major, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T. -J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B97, 529–536 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Albert, O.

L. Canova, O. Albert, N. Forget, B. Mercier, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, S.M. Saltiel, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Influence of spectral phase on cross-polarized wave generation with short femtosecond pulses,” App. Phys. B93, 443 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Canova, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, R. Lopez-Martens, O. Albert, and S.M. Saltiel, “Cross-polarized wave generation in the UV region,” Opt. Lett.33, 2299–2301 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Canova, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, A. Jullien, R. Lopez-Martens, O. Albert, and S. M. Saltiel, “Efficient generation of cross-polarized femtosecond pulses in cubic crystals with holographic cut orientation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.,92, 231102–231104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Jullien, O. Albert, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, and S.M. Saltiel, “A two crystal arrangement to fight efficiency saturation in cross-polarized wave generation,” Opt. Exp.14, 2760–2769 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Jullien, S. Kourtev, O. Albert, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, N. Minkovski, and S. Saltiel, “Highly efficient temporal cleaner for femtosecond pulses based on cross-polarized wave generation in a dual crystal scheme,” App. Phys. B, 84, 409–414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Cotel, A. Jullien, N. Forget, O. Albert, G. Chériaux, and C. Leblanc, “Nonlinear temporal pulse cleaning of a 1-μm optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system,” App. Phys. B83, 7–10 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Minkovski, G.I. Petrov, S.M. Saltiel, O. Albert, and J. Etchepare, “Nonlinear polarization rotation and orthogonal polarization generation experienced in a single-beam configuration,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B21, 1659–1664 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Baltuska, A.

G. Cerullo, A. Baltuska, O.D. Mücke, and C. Vozzi, “Few-optical-cycle light pulses with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Las. Phot. Rev.5, 323 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bates, P. K.

Bates, P.K.

J. Biegert, P.K. Bates, and O. Chalus, “New Mid-Infrared Light Sources,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18, 531 (2012).
[CrossRef]

O. Chalus, A. Thai, P.K. Bates, and J. Biegert, “Six-cycle mid-infrared source with 3.8 μJ at 100 kHz,” Opt. Lett.35, 3204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Silva, P.K. Bates, A. Esteban-Martin, M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, A. Grun, S.L. Cousin, and J. Biegert, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (CLEO EUROPE/EQEC), Munich - Germany, 22–26 May 2011.

Bejot, P.

B.E. Schmidt, P. Bejot, M. Giguere, A.D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, E. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D.M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P.B. Corkum, and F. Legare, “Compression of 1.8 μm laser pulses to sub-two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109–1211035 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Biegert, J.

Bisson, E.

B.E. Schmidt, P. Bejot, M. Giguere, A.D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, E. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D.M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P.B. Corkum, and F. Legare, “Compression of 1.8 μm laser pulses to sub-two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109–1211035 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Blaga, C.I.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C.I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A.M. March, G.G. Paulus, H.G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L.F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C.P. Hauri, R.B. Lopez-Martens, C.I. Blaga, K.D. Schultz, J. Cryan, R. Chirla, P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, A.M. March, C. Roedig, E. Sistrunk, J. Tate, J. Wheeler, L.F. DiMauro, and E.P. Power, “Intense self-compressed, self-phase-stabilized few-cycle pulses at 2 μm from an optical filament,” Opt. Let.32, 868–870 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Borot, A.

Braak, C.

C. Braak, “A Markov Chain Monte Carlo version of the genetic algorithm Differential Evolution: easy Bayesian computing for real parameter spaces,” Stat. and Comp.16, 239–249 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Buck, A.

J.M. Mikhailova, A. Buck, A. Borot, K. Schmid, C. Sears, G.D. Tsakiris, F. Krausz, and L. Veisz, “Ultra-high-contrast few-cycle pulses for multipetawatt-class laser technology,” Opt. Lett.36, 3145–3147 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Buck, K. Schmid, R. Tautz, J. Mikhailova, X. Gu, C. Sears, D. Herrmann, F. Krausz, and L. Veisz, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD), FMN2 (2010).

Canova, L.

L. Canova, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, R. Lopez-Martens, O. Albert, and S.M. Saltiel, “Cross-polarized wave generation in the UV region,” Opt. Lett.33, 2299–2301 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Canova, O. Albert, N. Forget, B. Mercier, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, S.M. Saltiel, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Influence of spectral phase on cross-polarized wave generation with short femtosecond pulses,” App. Phys. B93, 443 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Canova, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, A. Jullien, R. Lopez-Martens, O. Albert, and S. M. Saltiel, “Efficient generation of cross-polarized femtosecond pulses in cubic crystals with holographic cut orientation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.,92, 231102–231104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Catoire, F.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C.I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A.M. March, G.G. Paulus, H.G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L.F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

C. Manzoni, S.W. Huang, G. Cirmi, P. Farinello, J. Moses, F.X. Kärtner, and G. Cerullo, “Coherent synthesis of ultra-broadband optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Lett.37, 1880–1882 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Cerullo, A. Baltuska, O.D. Mücke, and C. Vozzi, “Few-optical-cycle light pulses with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Las. Phot. Rev.5, 323 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chalus, O.

J. Biegert, P.K. Bates, and O. Chalus, “New Mid-Infrared Light Sources,” J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18, 531 (2012).
[CrossRef]

O. Chalus, A. Thai, P.K. Bates, and J. Biegert, “Six-cycle mid-infrared source with 3.8 μJ at 100 kHz,” Opt. Lett.35, 3204 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, X.

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L.P. Ramirez, D.N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, P. Georges, F. Druon, P. Monot, A. Ricci, A. Jullien, X. Chen, J.P. Rousseau, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Efficient cross polarized wave generation for compact, energy-scalable, ultrashort laser sources,” Opt. Exp.19, 93–98 (2011).
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A. Jullien, S. Kourtev, O. Albert, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, N. Minkovski, and S. Saltiel, “Highly efficient temporal cleaner for femtosecond pulses based on cross-polarized wave generation in a dual crystal scheme,” App. Phys. B, 84, 409–414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Cotel, A. Jullien, N. Forget, O. Albert, G. Chériaux, and C. Leblanc, “Nonlinear temporal pulse cleaning of a 1-μm optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system,” App. Phys. B83, 7–10 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Jullien, O. Albert, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, and S.M. Saltiel, “A two crystal arrangement to fight efficiency saturation in cross-polarized wave generation,” Opt. Exp.14, 2760–2769 (2006).
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C.P. Hauri, R.B. Lopez-Martens, C.I. Blaga, K.D. Schultz, J. Cryan, R. Chirla, P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, A.M. March, C. Roedig, E. Sistrunk, J. Tate, J. Wheeler, L.F. DiMauro, and E.P. Power, “Intense self-compressed, self-phase-stabilized few-cycle pulses at 2 μm from an optical filament,” Opt. Let.32, 868–870 (2007).
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B.E. Schmidt, P. Bejot, M. Giguere, A.D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, E. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D.M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P.B. Corkum, and F. Legare, “Compression of 1.8 μm laser pulses to sub-two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109–1211035 (2010).
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J. Janszky, G. Corradi, G. Gyuzalian, and R. N. Gyuzalian, “On a possibility of analysing the temporal characteristics of short light pulses,” Opt. Commun.23, 293–298 (1977).
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A. Cotel, A. Jullien, N. Forget, O. Albert, G. Chériaux, and C. Leblanc, “Nonlinear temporal pulse cleaning of a 1-μm optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system,” App. Phys. B83, 7–10 (2006).
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T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B99, 7–12 (2010).
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F. Silva, P.K. Bates, A. Esteban-Martin, M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, A. Grun, S.L. Cousin, and J. Biegert, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (CLEO EUROPE/EQEC), Munich - Germany, 22–26 May 2011.

Crozatier, V.

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B99, 7–12 (2010).
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C.P. Hauri, R.B. Lopez-Martens, C.I. Blaga, K.D. Schultz, J. Cryan, R. Chirla, P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, A.M. March, C. Roedig, E. Sistrunk, J. Tate, J. Wheeler, L.F. DiMauro, and E.P. Power, “Intense self-compressed, self-phase-stabilized few-cycle pulses at 2 μm from an optical filament,” Opt. Let.32, 868–870 (2007).
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L. Dahlstroem and B. Kallberg, “Third-order correlation measurement of ultrashort light pulses,” Opt. Commun.4, 285–288 (1971).
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DiMauro, L.F.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C.I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A.M. March, G.G. Paulus, H.G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L.F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
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C.P. Hauri, R.B. Lopez-Martens, C.I. Blaga, K.D. Schultz, J. Cryan, R. Chirla, P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, A.M. March, C. Roedig, E. Sistrunk, J. Tate, J. Wheeler, L.F. DiMauro, and E.P. Power, “Intense self-compressed, self-phase-stabilized few-cycle pulses at 2 μm from an optical filament,” Opt. Let.32, 868–870 (2007).
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Dorrer, C.

Doumy, G.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C.I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A.M. March, G.G. Paulus, H.G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L.F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
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C.P. Hauri, R.B. Lopez-Martens, C.I. Blaga, K.D. Schultz, J. Cryan, R. Chirla, P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, A.M. March, C. Roedig, E. Sistrunk, J. Tate, J. Wheeler, L.F. DiMauro, and E.P. Power, “Intense self-compressed, self-phase-stabilized few-cycle pulses at 2 μm from an optical filament,” Opt. Let.32, 868–870 (2007).
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A.M.J. Huiser, A.J.J. Drenth, and H.A. Ferweda, “On phase retrieval in electron microscopy from image and diffraction pattern,” Optik45, 303–316 (1976).

Druon, F.

L.P. Ramirez, D.N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, P. Georges, F. Druon, P. Monot, A. Ricci, A. Jullien, X. Chen, J.P. Rousseau, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Efficient cross polarized wave generation for compact, energy-scalable, ultrashort laser sources,” Opt. Exp.19, 93–98 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Jullien, X. Chen, A. Ricci, J.P. Rousseau, R. Lopez-Martens, L.P. Ramirez, D.N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “High-fidelity front-end for high-power, high temporal quality few-cycle lasers,” App. Phys. B102, 769 (2011).
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F. Silva, P. K. Bates, A. Esteban-Martin, M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, and J. Biegert, “High-average-power, carrier-envelope phase-stable, few-cycle pulses at 2.1 μm from a collinear BiB3O6 optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett.37, 933–935 (2012).
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F. Silva, P.K. Bates, A. Esteban-Martin, M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, A. Grun, S.L. Cousin, and J. Biegert, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (CLEO EUROPE/EQEC), Munich - Germany, 22–26 May 2011.

Esteban-Martin, A.

F. Silva, P. K. Bates, A. Esteban-Martin, M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, and J. Biegert, “High-average-power, carrier-envelope phase-stable, few-cycle pulses at 2.1 μm from a collinear BiB3O6 optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett.37, 933–935 (2012).
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F. Silva, P.K. Bates, A. Esteban-Martin, M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, A. Grun, S.L. Cousin, and J. Biegert, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (CLEO EUROPE/EQEC), Munich - Germany, 22–26 May 2011.

Etchepare, J.

A. Jullien, O. Albert, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, and S.M. Saltiel, “A two crystal arrangement to fight efficiency saturation in cross-polarized wave generation,” Opt. Exp.14, 2760–2769 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Jullien, S. Kourtev, O. Albert, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, N. Minkovski, and S. Saltiel, “Highly efficient temporal cleaner for femtosecond pulses based on cross-polarized wave generation in a dual crystal scheme,” App. Phys. B, 84, 409–414 (2006).
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N. Minkovski, G.I. Petrov, S.M. Saltiel, O. Albert, and J. Etchepare, “Nonlinear polarization rotation and orthogonal polarization generation experienced in a single-beam configuration,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B21, 1659–1664 (2004).
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Ferweda, H.A.

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Fittinghoff, D.

Forget, N.

A. Trisorio, S. Grabielle, M. Divall, N. Forget, and C.P. Hauri, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry for ultra-short infrared pulse characterization,” Opt. Lett.37, 2892–2894 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B99, 7–12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Canova, O. Albert, N. Forget, B. Mercier, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, S.M. Saltiel, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Influence of spectral phase on cross-polarized wave generation with short femtosecond pulses,” App. Phys. B93, 443 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Cotel, A. Jullien, N. Forget, O. Albert, G. Chériaux, and C. Leblanc, “Nonlinear temporal pulse cleaning of a 1-μm optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system,” App. Phys. B83, 7–10 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Georges, P.

A. Jullien, X. Chen, A. Ricci, J.P. Rousseau, R. Lopez-Martens, L.P. Ramirez, D.N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “High-fidelity front-end for high-power, high temporal quality few-cycle lasers,” App. Phys. B102, 769 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L.P. Ramirez, D.N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, P. Georges, F. Druon, P. Monot, A. Ricci, A. Jullien, X. Chen, J.P. Rousseau, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Efficient cross polarized wave generation for compact, energy-scalable, ultrashort laser sources,” Opt. Exp.19, 93–98 (2011).
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B.E. Schmidt, P. Bejot, M. Giguere, A.D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, E. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D.M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P.B. Corkum, and F. Legare, “Compression of 1.8 μm laser pulses to sub-two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109–1211035 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gobert, O.

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B99, 7–12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Grabielle, S.

A. Trisorio, S. Grabielle, M. Divall, N. Forget, and C.P. Hauri, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry for ultra-short infrared pulse characterization,” Opt. Lett.37, 2892–2894 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B99, 7–12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Grun, A.

F. Silva, P.K. Bates, A. Esteban-Martin, M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, A. Grun, S.L. Cousin, and J. Biegert, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe (CLEO EUROPE/EQEC), Munich - Germany, 22–26 May 2011.

Gu, X.

A. Buck, K. Schmid, R. Tautz, J. Mikhailova, X. Gu, C. Sears, D. Herrmann, F. Krausz, and L. Veisz, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD), FMN2 (2010).

Gyuzalian, G.

J. Janszky, G. Corradi, G. Gyuzalian, and R. N. Gyuzalian, “On a possibility of analysing the temporal characteristics of short light pulses,” Opt. Commun.23, 293–298 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Gyuzalian, R. N.

J. Janszky, G. Corradi, G. Gyuzalian, and R. N. Gyuzalian, “On a possibility of analysing the temporal characteristics of short light pulses,” Opt. Commun.23, 293–298 (1977).
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W.K. Hastings, “Monte Carlo sampling methods using Markov chains and their applications,” Biometrika57, 97 (1970).
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P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C.I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A.M. March, G.G. Paulus, H.G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L.F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hauri, C.P.

A. Trisorio, S. Grabielle, M. Divall, N. Forget, and C.P. Hauri, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry for ultra-short infrared pulse characterization,” Opt. Lett.37, 2892–2894 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.P. Hauri, R.B. Lopez-Martens, C.I. Blaga, K.D. Schultz, J. Cryan, R. Chirla, P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, A.M. March, C. Roedig, E. Sistrunk, J. Tate, J. Wheeler, L.F. DiMauro, and E.P. Power, “Intense self-compressed, self-phase-stabilized few-cycle pulses at 2 μm from an optical filament,” Opt. Let.32, 868–870 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, D.

A. Buck, K. Schmid, R. Tautz, J. Mikhailova, X. Gu, C. Sears, D. Herrmann, F. Krausz, and L. Veisz, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD), FMN2 (2010).

Herzog, R.

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B99, 7–12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S.W.

Huiser, A.M.J.

A.M.J. Huiser, A.J.J. Drenth, and H.A. Ferweda, “On phase retrieval in electron microscopy from image and diffraction pattern,” Optik45, 303–316 (1976).

Janszky, J.

J. Janszky, G. Corradi, G. Gyuzalian, and R. N. Gyuzalian, “On a possibility of analysing the temporal characteristics of short light pulses,” Opt. Commun.23, 293–298 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Jullien, A.

L.P. Ramirez, D.N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, P. Georges, F. Druon, P. Monot, A. Ricci, A. Jullien, X. Chen, J.P. Rousseau, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Efficient cross polarized wave generation for compact, energy-scalable, ultrashort laser sources,” Opt. Exp.19, 93–98 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Jullien, X. Chen, A. Ricci, J.P. Rousseau, R. Lopez-Martens, L.P. Ramirez, D.N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “High-fidelity front-end for high-power, high temporal quality few-cycle lasers,” App. Phys. B102, 769 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Canova, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, A. Jullien, R. Lopez-Martens, O. Albert, and S. M. Saltiel, “Efficient generation of cross-polarized femtosecond pulses in cubic crystals with holographic cut orientation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.,92, 231102–231104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Jullien, O. Albert, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, and S.M. Saltiel, “A two crystal arrangement to fight efficiency saturation in cross-polarized wave generation,” Opt. Exp.14, 2760–2769 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Jullien, S. Kourtev, O. Albert, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, N. Minkovski, and S. Saltiel, “Highly efficient temporal cleaner for femtosecond pulses based on cross-polarized wave generation in a dual crystal scheme,” App. Phys. B, 84, 409–414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Cotel, A. Jullien, N. Forget, O. Albert, G. Chériaux, and C. Leblanc, “Nonlinear temporal pulse cleaning of a 1-μm optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system,” App. Phys. B83, 7–10 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kallberg, B.

L. Dahlstroem and B. Kallberg, “Third-order correlation measurement of ultrashort light pulses,” Opt. Commun.4, 285–288 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Kaplan, D.

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B99, 7–12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Karsch, S.

I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Z. Major, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T. -J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B97, 529–536 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F.X.

Kasparian, J.

B.E. Schmidt, P. Bejot, M. Giguere, A.D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, E. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D.M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P.B. Corkum, and F. Legare, “Compression of 1.8 μm laser pulses to sub-two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109–1211035 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kieffer, J.-C.

B.E. Schmidt, P. Bejot, M. Giguere, A.D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, E. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D.M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P.B. Corkum, and F. Legare, “Compression of 1.8 μm laser pulses to sub-two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109–1211035 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Klingebiel, S.

I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Z. Major, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T. -J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B97, 529–536 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kourtev, S.

L. Canova, O. Albert, N. Forget, B. Mercier, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, S.M. Saltiel, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Influence of spectral phase on cross-polarized wave generation with short femtosecond pulses,” App. Phys. B93, 443 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Canova, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, R. Lopez-Martens, O. Albert, and S.M. Saltiel, “Cross-polarized wave generation in the UV region,” Opt. Lett.33, 2299–2301 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Canova, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, A. Jullien, R. Lopez-Martens, O. Albert, and S. M. Saltiel, “Efficient generation of cross-polarized femtosecond pulses in cubic crystals with holographic cut orientation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.,92, 231102–231104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Jullien, O. Albert, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, and S.M. Saltiel, “A two crystal arrangement to fight efficiency saturation in cross-polarized wave generation,” Opt. Exp.14, 2760–2769 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Jullien, S. Kourtev, O. Albert, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, N. Minkovski, and S. Saltiel, “Highly efficient temporal cleaner for femtosecond pulses based on cross-polarized wave generation in a dual crystal scheme,” App. Phys. B, 84, 409–414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

J.M. Mikhailova, A. Buck, A. Borot, K. Schmid, C. Sears, G.D. Tsakiris, F. Krausz, and L. Veisz, “Ultra-high-contrast few-cycle pulses for multipetawatt-class laser technology,” Opt. Lett.36, 3145–3147 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Buck, K. Schmid, R. Tautz, J. Mikhailova, X. Gu, C. Sears, D. Herrmann, F. Krausz, and L. Veisz, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD), FMN2 (2010).

I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Z. Major, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T. -J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B97, 529–536 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Leblanc, C.

A. Cotel, A. Jullien, N. Forget, O. Albert, G. Chériaux, and C. Leblanc, “Nonlinear temporal pulse cleaning of a 1-μm optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system,” App. Phys. B83, 7–10 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Legare, F.

B.E. Schmidt, P. Bejot, M. Giguere, A.D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, E. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D.M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P.B. Corkum, and F. Legare, “Compression of 1.8 μm laser pulses to sub-two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109–1211035 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lopez-Martens, R.

L.P. Ramirez, D.N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, P. Georges, F. Druon, P. Monot, A. Ricci, A. Jullien, X. Chen, J.P. Rousseau, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Efficient cross polarized wave generation for compact, energy-scalable, ultrashort laser sources,” Opt. Exp.19, 93–98 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Jullien, X. Chen, A. Ricci, J.P. Rousseau, R. Lopez-Martens, L.P. Ramirez, D.N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “High-fidelity front-end for high-power, high temporal quality few-cycle lasers,” App. Phys. B102, 769 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Canova, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, R. Lopez-Martens, O. Albert, and S.M. Saltiel, “Cross-polarized wave generation in the UV region,” Opt. Lett.33, 2299–2301 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Canova, O. Albert, N. Forget, B. Mercier, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, S.M. Saltiel, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Influence of spectral phase on cross-polarized wave generation with short femtosecond pulses,” App. Phys. B93, 443 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Canova, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, A. Jullien, R. Lopez-Martens, O. Albert, and S. M. Saltiel, “Efficient generation of cross-polarized femtosecond pulses in cubic crystals with holographic cut orientation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.,92, 231102–231104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lopez-Martens, R.B.

C.P. Hauri, R.B. Lopez-Martens, C.I. Blaga, K.D. Schultz, J. Cryan, R. Chirla, P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, A.M. March, C. Roedig, E. Sistrunk, J. Tate, J. Wheeler, L.F. DiMauro, and E.P. Power, “Intense self-compressed, self-phase-stabilized few-cycle pulses at 2 μm from an optical filament,” Opt. Let.32, 868–870 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Major, Z.

I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Z. Major, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T. -J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B97, 529–536 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Manzoni, C.

March, A.M.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C.I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A.M. March, G.G. Paulus, H.G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L.F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C.P. Hauri, R.B. Lopez-Martens, C.I. Blaga, K.D. Schultz, J. Cryan, R. Chirla, P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, A.M. March, C. Roedig, E. Sistrunk, J. Tate, J. Wheeler, L.F. DiMauro, and E.P. Power, “Intense self-compressed, self-phase-stabilized few-cycle pulses at 2 μm from an optical filament,” Opt. Let.32, 868–870 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mercier, B.

L. Canova, O. Albert, N. Forget, B. Mercier, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, S.M. Saltiel, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Influence of spectral phase on cross-polarized wave generation with short femtosecond pulses,” App. Phys. B93, 443 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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N. Metropolis, A.W. Rosenbluth, M.N. Rosenbluth, A.H. Teller, and E. Teller, “Equation of state calculations by fast computing machines,” J. Chem. Phys.21, 1087 (1953).
[CrossRef]

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A. Buck, K. Schmid, R. Tautz, J. Mikhailova, X. Gu, C. Sears, D. Herrmann, F. Krausz, and L. Veisz, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD), FMN2 (2010).

Mikhailova, J.M.

Minkovski, N.

L. Canova, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, A. Jullien, R. Lopez-Martens, O. Albert, and S. M. Saltiel, “Efficient generation of cross-polarized femtosecond pulses in cubic crystals with holographic cut orientation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.,92, 231102–231104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Canova, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, R. Lopez-Martens, O. Albert, and S.M. Saltiel, “Cross-polarized wave generation in the UV region,” Opt. Lett.33, 2299–2301 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Canova, O. Albert, N. Forget, B. Mercier, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, S.M. Saltiel, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Influence of spectral phase on cross-polarized wave generation with short femtosecond pulses,” App. Phys. B93, 443 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Jullien, S. Kourtev, O. Albert, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, N. Minkovski, and S. Saltiel, “Highly efficient temporal cleaner for femtosecond pulses based on cross-polarized wave generation in a dual crystal scheme,” App. Phys. B, 84, 409–414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Jullien, O. Albert, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, and S.M. Saltiel, “A two crystal arrangement to fight efficiency saturation in cross-polarized wave generation,” Opt. Exp.14, 2760–2769 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Minkovski, G.I. Petrov, S.M. Saltiel, O. Albert, and J. Etchepare, “Nonlinear polarization rotation and orthogonal polarization generation experienced in a single-beam configuration,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B21, 1659–1664 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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L.P. Ramirez, D.N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, P. Georges, F. Druon, P. Monot, A. Ricci, A. Jullien, X. Chen, J.P. Rousseau, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Efficient cross polarized wave generation for compact, energy-scalable, ultrashort laser sources,” Opt. Exp.19, 93–98 (2011).
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G. Cerullo, A. Baltuska, O.D. Mücke, and C. Vozzi, “Few-optical-cycle light pulses with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Las. Phot. Rev.5, 323 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C.I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A.M. March, G.G. Paulus, H.G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L.F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
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T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B99, 7–12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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A. Jullien, X. Chen, A. Ricci, J.P. Rousseau, R. Lopez-Martens, L.P. Ramirez, D.N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “High-fidelity front-end for high-power, high temporal quality few-cycle lasers,” App. Phys. B102, 769 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L.P. Ramirez, D.N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, P. Georges, F. Druon, P. Monot, A. Ricci, A. Jullien, X. Chen, J.P. Rousseau, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Efficient cross polarized wave generation for compact, energy-scalable, ultrashort laser sources,” Opt. Exp.19, 93–98 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C.I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A.M. March, G.G. Paulus, H.G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L.F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
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L.P. Ramirez, D.N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, P. Georges, F. Druon, P. Monot, A. Ricci, A. Jullien, X. Chen, J.P. Rousseau, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Efficient cross polarized wave generation for compact, energy-scalable, ultrashort laser sources,” Opt. Exp.19, 93–98 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Jullien, X. Chen, A. Ricci, J.P. Rousseau, R. Lopez-Martens, L.P. Ramirez, D.N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “High-fidelity front-end for high-power, high temporal quality few-cycle lasers,” App. Phys. B102, 769 (2011).
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I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Z. Major, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T. -J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B97, 529–536 (2009).
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I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Z. Major, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T. -J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B97, 529–536 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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C.P. Hauri, R.B. Lopez-Martens, C.I. Blaga, K.D. Schultz, J. Cryan, R. Chirla, P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, A.M. March, C. Roedig, E. Sistrunk, J. Tate, J. Wheeler, L.F. DiMauro, and E.P. Power, “Intense self-compressed, self-phase-stabilized few-cycle pulses at 2 μm from an optical filament,” Opt. Let.32, 868–870 (2007).
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R. Storn and K. Price, “Differential evolutiona simple and efficient heuristic for global optimization over continuous spaces,” J. Global Optim.11, 341 (1997).
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A. Jullien, X. Chen, A. Ricci, J.P. Rousseau, R. Lopez-Martens, L.P. Ramirez, D.N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “High-fidelity front-end for high-power, high temporal quality few-cycle lasers,” App. Phys. B102, 769 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L.P. Ramirez, D.N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, P. Georges, F. Druon, P. Monot, A. Ricci, A. Jullien, X. Chen, J.P. Rousseau, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Efficient cross polarized wave generation for compact, energy-scalable, ultrashort laser sources,” Opt. Exp.19, 93–98 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ricci, A.

A. Jullien, X. Chen, A. Ricci, J.P. Rousseau, R. Lopez-Martens, L.P. Ramirez, D.N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “High-fidelity front-end for high-power, high temporal quality few-cycle lasers,” App. Phys. B102, 769 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L.P. Ramirez, D.N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, P. Georges, F. Druon, P. Monot, A. Ricci, A. Jullien, X. Chen, J.P. Rousseau, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Efficient cross polarized wave generation for compact, energy-scalable, ultrashort laser sources,” Opt. Exp.19, 93–98 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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C.P. Hauri, R.B. Lopez-Martens, C.I. Blaga, K.D. Schultz, J. Cryan, R. Chirla, P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, A.M. March, C. Roedig, E. Sistrunk, J. Tate, J. Wheeler, L.F. DiMauro, and E.P. Power, “Intense self-compressed, self-phase-stabilized few-cycle pulses at 2 μm from an optical filament,” Opt. Let.32, 868–870 (2007).
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N. Metropolis, A.W. Rosenbluth, M.N. Rosenbluth, A.H. Teller, and E. Teller, “Equation of state calculations by fast computing machines,” J. Chem. Phys.21, 1087 (1953).
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N. Metropolis, A.W. Rosenbluth, M.N. Rosenbluth, A.H. Teller, and E. Teller, “Equation of state calculations by fast computing machines,” J. Chem. Phys.21, 1087 (1953).
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L.P. Ramirez, D.N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, P. Georges, F. Druon, P. Monot, A. Ricci, A. Jullien, X. Chen, J.P. Rousseau, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Efficient cross polarized wave generation for compact, energy-scalable, ultrashort laser sources,” Opt. Exp.19, 93–98 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Jullien, X. Chen, A. Ricci, J.P. Rousseau, R. Lopez-Martens, L.P. Ramirez, D.N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “High-fidelity front-end for high-power, high temporal quality few-cycle lasers,” App. Phys. B102, 769 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rundquist, A.

J. Peatross and A. Rundquist, “Temporal decorrelation of short laser pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B,15, 216 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Saltiel, S.

A. Jullien, S. Kourtev, O. Albert, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, N. Minkovski, and S. Saltiel, “Highly efficient temporal cleaner for femtosecond pulses based on cross-polarized wave generation in a dual crystal scheme,” App. Phys. B, 84, 409–414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Saltiel, S. M.

L. Canova, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, A. Jullien, R. Lopez-Martens, O. Albert, and S. M. Saltiel, “Efficient generation of cross-polarized femtosecond pulses in cubic crystals with holographic cut orientation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.,92, 231102–231104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Saltiel, S.M.

L. Canova, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, R. Lopez-Martens, O. Albert, and S.M. Saltiel, “Cross-polarized wave generation in the UV region,” Opt. Lett.33, 2299–2301 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Canova, O. Albert, N. Forget, B. Mercier, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, S.M. Saltiel, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Influence of spectral phase on cross-polarized wave generation with short femtosecond pulses,” App. Phys. B93, 443 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Jullien, O. Albert, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, and S.M. Saltiel, “A two crystal arrangement to fight efficiency saturation in cross-polarized wave generation,” Opt. Exp.14, 2760–2769 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Minkovski, G.I. Petrov, S.M. Saltiel, O. Albert, and J. Etchepare, “Nonlinear polarization rotation and orthogonal polarization generation experienced in a single-beam configuration,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B21, 1659–1664 (2004).
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J.M. Mikhailova, A. Buck, A. Borot, K. Schmid, C. Sears, G.D. Tsakiris, F. Krausz, and L. Veisz, “Ultra-high-contrast few-cycle pulses for multipetawatt-class laser technology,” Opt. Lett.36, 3145–3147 (2011).
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A. Buck, K. Schmid, R. Tautz, J. Mikhailova, X. Gu, C. Sears, D. Herrmann, F. Krausz, and L. Veisz, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD), FMN2 (2010).

Schmidt, B.E.

B.E. Schmidt, P. Bejot, M. Giguere, A.D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, E. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D.M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P.B. Corkum, and F. Legare, “Compression of 1.8 μm laser pulses to sub-two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109–1211035 (2010).
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C.P. Hauri, R.B. Lopez-Martens, C.I. Blaga, K.D. Schultz, J. Cryan, R. Chirla, P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, A.M. March, C. Roedig, E. Sistrunk, J. Tate, J. Wheeler, L.F. DiMauro, and E.P. Power, “Intense self-compressed, self-phase-stabilized few-cycle pulses at 2 μm from an optical filament,” Opt. Let.32, 868–870 (2007).
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Sears, C.

J.M. Mikhailova, A. Buck, A. Borot, K. Schmid, C. Sears, G.D. Tsakiris, F. Krausz, and L. Veisz, “Ultra-high-contrast few-cycle pulses for multipetawatt-class laser technology,” Opt. Lett.36, 3145–3147 (2011).
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A. Buck, K. Schmid, R. Tautz, J. Mikhailova, X. Gu, C. Sears, D. Herrmann, F. Krausz, and L. Veisz, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD), FMN2 (2010).

Shiner, A.D.

B.E. Schmidt, P. Bejot, M. Giguere, A.D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, E. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D.M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P.B. Corkum, and F. Legare, “Compression of 1.8 μm laser pulses to sub-two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109–1211035 (2010).
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I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Z. Major, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T. -J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B97, 529–536 (2009).
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F. Silva, P. K. Bates, A. Esteban-Martin, M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, and J. Biegert, “High-average-power, carrier-envelope phase-stable, few-cycle pulses at 2.1 μm from a collinear BiB3O6 optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett.37, 933–935 (2012).
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Sistrunk, E.

C.P. Hauri, R.B. Lopez-Martens, C.I. Blaga, K.D. Schultz, J. Cryan, R. Chirla, P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, A.M. March, C. Roedig, E. Sistrunk, J. Tate, J. Wheeler, L.F. DiMauro, and E.P. Power, “Intense self-compressed, self-phase-stabilized few-cycle pulses at 2 μm from an optical filament,” Opt. Let.32, 868–870 (2007).
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D. E. Adams, T. A. Planchon, J. A. Squier, and C. G. Durfee, “Spatiotemporal dynamics of cross-polarized wave generation,” Opt. Lett.,35, 1115–1117 (2010).
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R. Storn and K. Price, “Differential evolutiona simple and efficient heuristic for global optimization over continuous spaces,” J. Global Optim.11, 341 (1997).
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Tate, J.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C.I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A.M. March, G.G. Paulus, H.G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L.F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
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C.P. Hauri, R.B. Lopez-Martens, C.I. Blaga, K.D. Schultz, J. Cryan, R. Chirla, P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, A.M. March, C. Roedig, E. Sistrunk, J. Tate, J. Wheeler, L.F. DiMauro, and E.P. Power, “Intense self-compressed, self-phase-stabilized few-cycle pulses at 2 μm from an optical filament,” Opt. Let.32, 868–870 (2007).
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A. Buck, K. Schmid, R. Tautz, J. Mikhailova, X. Gu, C. Sears, D. Herrmann, F. Krausz, and L. Veisz, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD), FMN2 (2010).

Teller, A.H.

N. Metropolis, A.W. Rosenbluth, M.N. Rosenbluth, A.H. Teller, and E. Teller, “Equation of state calculations by fast computing machines,” J. Chem. Phys.21, 1087 (1953).
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Teller, E.

N. Metropolis, A.W. Rosenbluth, M.N. Rosenbluth, A.H. Teller, and E. Teller, “Equation of state calculations by fast computing machines,” J. Chem. Phys.21, 1087 (1953).
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B.E. Schmidt, P. Bejot, M. Giguere, A.D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, E. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D.M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P.B. Corkum, and F. Legare, “Compression of 1.8 μm laser pulses to sub-two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109–1211035 (2010).
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Trisorio, A.

Trushin, S. A.

I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Z. Major, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T. -J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B97, 529–536 (2009).
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J.M. Mikhailova, A. Buck, A. Borot, K. Schmid, C. Sears, G.D. Tsakiris, F. Krausz, and L. Veisz, “Ultra-high-contrast few-cycle pulses for multipetawatt-class laser technology,” Opt. Lett.36, 3145–3147 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Buck, K. Schmid, R. Tautz, J. Mikhailova, X. Gu, C. Sears, D. Herrmann, F. Krausz, and L. Veisz, in Frontiers in Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD), FMN2 (2010).

Villeneuve, D.M.

B.E. Schmidt, P. Bejot, M. Giguere, A.D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, E. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D.M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P.B. Corkum, and F. Legare, “Compression of 1.8 μm laser pulses to sub-two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109–1211035 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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G. Cerullo, A. Baltuska, O.D. Mücke, and C. Vozzi, “Few-optical-cycle light pulses with passive carrier-envelope phase stabilization,” Las. Phot. Rev.5, 323 (2011).
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Walmsley, I.

Wandt, C.

I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Z. Major, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T. -J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B97, 529–536 (2009).
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I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Z. Major, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T. -J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B97, 529–536 (2009).
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P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C.I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A.M. March, G.G. Paulus, H.G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L.F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4, 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C.P. Hauri, R.B. Lopez-Martens, C.I. Blaga, K.D. Schultz, J. Cryan, R. Chirla, P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, A.M. March, C. Roedig, E. Sistrunk, J. Tate, J. Wheeler, L.F. DiMauro, and E.P. Power, “Intense self-compressed, self-phase-stabilized few-cycle pulses at 2 μm from an optical filament,” Opt. Let.32, 868–870 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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B.E. Schmidt, P. Bejot, M. Giguere, A.D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, E. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D.M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P.B. Corkum, and F. Legare, “Compression of 1.8 μm laser pulses to sub-two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109–1211035 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

App. Phys. B (4)

A. Jullien, S. Kourtev, O. Albert, G. Chériaux, J. Etchepare, N. Minkovski, and S. Saltiel, “Highly efficient temporal cleaner for femtosecond pulses based on cross-polarized wave generation in a dual crystal scheme,” App. Phys. B, 84, 409–414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Jullien, X. Chen, A. Ricci, J.P. Rousseau, R. Lopez-Martens, L.P. Ramirez, D.N. Papadopoulos, A. Pellegrina, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “High-fidelity front-end for high-power, high temporal quality few-cycle lasers,” App. Phys. B102, 769 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Cotel, A. Jullien, N. Forget, O. Albert, G. Chériaux, and C. Leblanc, “Nonlinear temporal pulse cleaning of a 1-μm optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification system,” App. Phys. B83, 7–10 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Canova, O. Albert, N. Forget, B. Mercier, S. Kourtev, N. Minkovski, S.M. Saltiel, and R. Lopez-Martens, “Influence of spectral phase on cross-polarized wave generation with short femtosecond pulses,” App. Phys. B93, 443 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Z. Major, C. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T. -J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B97, 529–536 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B99, 7–12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

B.E. Schmidt, P. Bejot, M. Giguere, A.D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, E. Bisson, J. Kasparian, J.-P. Wolf, D.M. Villeneuve, J.-C. Kieffer, P.B. Corkum, and F. Legare, “Compression of 1.8 μm laser pulses to sub-two optical cycles with bulk material,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 121109–1211035 (2010).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

1D numerical simulation of the XPW process at 2.1 μm for the three crystals used. (a) Conversion efficiency as a function of input intensity: 2 mm [011]-cut BaF2, 2 mm [011]-cut CaF2 and 1.2 mm [001]-cut CVD-Diamond. (b) Output spectrum corresponding to the experimental input pulse (black dashed line) and the experimentally observed efficiencies. Conversion efficiencies uncorrected for reflection losses on the crystal surfaces are shown along with crystal throughput including reflection losses (4% for BaF2 and CaF2 and 16% for CVD-C), indicated between parentheses. Full-width at half maximum are shown on the right-hand side. They correspond to Fourier-transform limited pulse durations of 25 fs, 21 fs and 26 fs for CVD-C, CaF2 and BaF2 respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for dispersion pre- and post-compensation, spatial filtering, and XPW generation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Layout of the third-harmonic generation single-shot intensity autocorrelator.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Numerical illustration of pulse reconstruction using the spectrum and third-order intensity cross-correlation. In (a)–(c), grey-shading is used to represent probability distributions, normalized to the peak value at each point on the horizontal axis. (a) Input cross-correlation trace (blue) and distribution of the cross-correlation traces of the reconstructed pulse ensemble (grey-shading). The inset shows a zoom-in view of the peak. (b) Temporal intensity of the unknown pulse (blue) and distribution of temporal intensity profiles of the reconstructed pulse ensemble (grey-shading). (c) Spectral phase of the unknown pulse (blue, left y-axis) and distribution of spectral phases (grey-shading, left y-axis). Spectral intensity of unknown pulse (red, right y-axis). (d) Histogram of second-order spectral phase coefficients of the reconstructed pulse ensemble.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Numerical illustration of pulse reconstruction using the spectrum and third-order intensity cross-correlation. In (a)–(c), grey-shading is used to represent probability distributions, normalized to the peak value at each point on the horizontal axis. (a) Input cross-correlation trace (blue) and distribution of the cross-correlation traces of the reconstructed pulse ensemble (grey-shading). The inset shows a zoom-in view of the peak. (b) Temporal intensity of the unknown pulse (blue) and distribution of temporal intensity profiles of the reconstructed pulse ensemble (grey-shading). (c) Spectral phase of the unknown pulse (blue, left y-axis) and distribution of spectral phases (grey-shading, left y-axis). Spectral intensity of unknown pulse (red, right y-axis). (d) Histogram of third-order spectral phase coefficients of the reconstructed pulse ensemble.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Summary of experimental results; each row shows a different XPW crystal as well the OPA pulse. Measured spectra (first column, blue lines, normalized units), reconstructed spectral phase distributions (first column, greyscale), measured third-order cross-correlation traces (second column, blue lines) and third-order cross-correlation traces of transform-limited pulses with the corresponding spectra (second column, magenta lines), reconstructed temporal intensity distributions (third column, grey scale), temporal intensity profiles of transform limited pulses with the corresponding spectra (third column, blue lines). Internal efficiencies are indicated in the first column. Full-width at half maximum bandwidths/durations are indicated.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Characteristics of the different XPW crystals at 2.1 μm.

Equations (6)

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( z + i 2 β 2 2 t 2 1 6 β 3 3 t 3 i 24 β 4 4 t 4 ) [ A B ] = i γ 0 G ( 1 i ω 0 t ) M
β m = Re [ ( m k ω m ) ω 0 ]
γ 0 = ( 6 π 8 n 0 λ ) χ 0 ( 3 ) ( λ )
G = [ γ 1 γ 2 2 γ 2 2 γ 3 γ 3 γ 4 γ 2 γ 3 2 γ 3 2 γ 4 γ 4 γ 5 ]
M = [ A A A * , A A B * , A B A * , A B B * , B B A * , B B B * ] .
S ( τ ) I ( t ) I 2 ( t τ ) d t

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