Abstract

A novel compact dual-crystal optical parametric amplification (DOPA) scheme, collinearly pumped by a Ti:sapphire laser (0.8 μm), is theoretically investigated for efficiently generating broadband IR pulses at non-degenerate wavelengths (1.2 μm∼1.4 μm and 1.8 μm∼2.1 μm). By inserting a pair of barium fluoride (BaF2) wedges between two thin β-barium borate (BBO) crystals, the group velocity mismatch (GVM) between the three interacting pulses can be compensated simultaneously. In this case, the obtained signal spectrum centered at 1.3 μm is nearly 20% broader and the conversion efficiency is increased, but also the pulse contrast and beam quality are improved due to the better temporal overlap. Furthermore, sub-two-cycle idler pulses with carrier-envelope phase (CEP) fluctuation of sub-100-mrad root mean square (RMS) can be generated. Because a tunable few-cycle IR pulse with millijoule energy is attainable in this scheme, it will contribute to ultrafast community and be particularly useful as a driving or controlling field for the generation of ultrafast coherent x-ray supercontinuum.

© 2013 OSA

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2012

K. Zhao, Q. Zhang, M. Chini, Y. Wu, X. Wang, and Z. Chang, “Tailoring a 67 attosecond pulse through advantageous phase-mismatch,” Opt. Lett.37, 3891–3893 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, O. Tadas Balc̆iunas, D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science336, 1287–1292 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Biegert, P. K. Bates, and O. Chalus, “New mid-infrared light sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron.18, 531–540 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Deng, A. Schwarz, H. Fattahi, M. Ueffing, X. Gu, M. Ossiander, T. Metzger, V. Pervak, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, T. Kobayashi, G. Marcus, F. Krausz, R. Kienberger, and N. Karpowicz, “Carrier-envelope-phase-stable, 1.2 mJ, 1.5 cycle laser pulses at 2.1 μm,” Opt. Lett.37, 4973–4975 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Ishii, K. Kaneshima, K. Kitano, T. Kanai, S. Watanabe, and J. Itatani, “Sub-two-cycle, carrier-envelope phasestable, intense optical pulses at 1.6 μm from a BiB3O6 optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier,” Opt. Lett.37, 4182–4184 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Silva, P. K. Bates, A. Esteban-Martin, M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, and J. Biegert, “High-average-power, carrier-envelope phase-stable, few-cycle pulses at 2.1 μm from a collinear BiB3O6 optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett.37, 933–935 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

2010

D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Few-optical-cycle pulses tunable from the visible to the mid-infrared by optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Opt.12, 013001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. Isaienko, E. Borguet, and P. Vöhringer, “High-repetition-rate near-infrared noncollinear ultrabroadband optical parametric amplification in KTiOPO4,” Opt. Lett.35, 3832–3834 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, and K. Midorikawa, “High-order harmonic generation by an ultrafast infrared pulse,” Appl. Phys. B100, 29–41 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Infrared two-color multicycle laser field synthesis for generating an intense attosecond pulse,” Phy. Rev. Lett.104, 233901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, E. J. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization of infrared two-color multicycle field synthesis for intense-isolated-attosecond-pulse generation,” Phy. Rev. A82, 053413 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys.81, 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Li, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, “Macroscopic effects on the broadband supercontinuum driven by an ω and ω/2 bichromatic laser pulse,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys.42, 165601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. D. Mücke, D. Sidorov, P. Dombi, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, S. Ališauskas, V. Smilgevic̆ius, J. Pocius, L. Giniūnas, R. Danielius, and N. Forget, “Scalable Yb-MOPA-driven carrier-envelope phase-stable few-cycle parametric amplifier at 1.5 μm” Opt. Lett.34, 118–120 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Hong, Q. Zhang, Z. Yang, and P. Lu, “Electron dynamic control for the quantum path in the midinfrared regime using a weak near-infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. A80, 053407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, P. Wei, Y. Huang, Y. Leng, Y. Zheng, Z. Zeng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Tunable phase-stabilized infrared optical parametric amplifier for high-order harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett.34, 2730–2732 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Isaienko and E. Borguet, “Pulse-front matching of ultrabroadband near-infrared noncollinear optical parametric amplified pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B26, 965–972 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Siddiqui, G. Cirmi, D. Brida, F. X. Kärtner, and G. Cerullo, “Generation of <7 fs pulses at 800 nm from a blue-pumped optical parametric amplifier at degeneracy,” Opt. Lett.34, 3592–3594 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Herrmann, L. Veisz, R. Tautz, F. Tavella, K. Schmid, V. Pervak, and F. Krausz, “Generation of sub-three-cycle, 16 TW light pulses by using noncollinear optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett.34, 2459–2461 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. D. Mücke, S. Ališauskas, A. J. Verhoef, Audrius Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, V. Smilgevic̆ius, J. Pocius, L. Giniūnas, R. Danielius, and N. Forget, “Self-compression of millijoule 1.5 μm pulses,” Opt. Lett.34, 2498–2500 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Optical-parametric-generation process driven by femtosecond pulses: Timing and carrier-envelope phase properties,” Phys. Rev. A79, 033818 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Moses, S. W. Huang, K. H. Hong, O. D. Mücke, E. L. Falcão-Filho, A. Benedick, F. Ö. Ilday, A. Dergachev, J. A. Bolger, B. J. Eggleton, and F. X. Kärtner, “Highly stable ultrabroadband mid-IR optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier optimized for superfluorescence suppression,” Opt. Lett.34, 1639–1641 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

F. Costache, S. Eckert, and J. Reif, “Near-damage threshold femtosecond laser irradiation of dielectric surfaces: desorbed ion kinetics and defect dynamics,” Appl. Phys. A92, 897–902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Carrier-envelope phase stable, few-optical-cycle pulses tunable from visible to near IR,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25, B62–B69 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. Isaienko and E. Borguet, “Generation of ultra-broadband pulses in the near-IR by non-collinear optical parametric amplification in potassium titanyl phosphate,” Opt. Express16, 3949–3954 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Brida, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Sub-two-cycle light pulses at 1.6 μm from an optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett.33, 741–743 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Hädrich, J. Rothhardt, F. Röser, T. Gottschall, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Degenerate optical parametric amplifier delivering sub 30 fs pulses with 2GW peak power,” Opt. Express16, 19812–19820 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Coherent water window X ray by phase-matched high-order harmonic generation in neutral media,” Phy. Rev. Lett.101, 253901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

2006

F Tavella, A Marcinkevičius, and F Krausz, “Investigation of the superfluorescence and signal amplification in an ultrabroadband multiterawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier system,” New J. Phys.8, 219 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Fuji, N. Ishii, C. Y. Teisset, X. Gu, Th. Metzger, A. Baltuška, N. Forget, D. Kaplan, A. Galvanauskas, and F. Krausz, “Parametric amplification of few-cycle carrier-envelope phase-stable pulses at 2.1 μm,” Opt. Lett.31, 1103–1105 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Piel, E. Riedle, L. Gundlach, R. Ernstorfer, and R. Eichberger, “Sub-20 fs visible pulses with 750 nJ energy from a 100 kHz noncollinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett.31, 1289–1291 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. X. Hu and L. A. Collins, “Attosecond pump probe: exploring ultrafast electron motion inside an atom,” Phy. Rev. Lett.96, 073004 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, “Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.74, 1–18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, G. H. C. New, and K. Osvay, “Analysis and optimization of optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B19, 2945–2956 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, “Controlling the carrier-envelope phase of ultrashort light pulses with optical parametric amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.88, 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

T. Kobayashi and A. Shirakawa, “Tunable visible and near-infrared pulse generator in a 5 fs regime,” Appl. Phys. B70, S239–S246 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997

G. Arisholm, “General numerical methods for simulating second-order nonlinear interactions in birefringent media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B14, 2543–2549 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun.144, 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

1988

S. Svensson, B. Eriksson, N. Mårtensson, G. Wendin, and U. Gelius, “Electron shake-up and correlation satellites and continuum shake-off distributions in X-ray photoelectron spectra of the rare gas atoms,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom.47, 327 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ališauskas, S.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, O. Tadas Balc̆iunas, D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science336, 1287–1292 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. D. Mücke, D. Sidorov, P. Dombi, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, S. Ališauskas, V. Smilgevic̆ius, J. Pocius, L. Giniūnas, R. Danielius, and N. Forget, “Scalable Yb-MOPA-driven carrier-envelope phase-stable few-cycle parametric amplifier at 1.5 μm” Opt. Lett.34, 118–120 (2009).
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[CrossRef]

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Li, Y.

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, Y. Li, and X. Wang, “Isolated sub-100-as pulse generation via controlling electron dynamics,” Phy. Rev. A76, 011402(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

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Q. Zhang, E. J. Takahashi, O. D. Mücke, P. Lu, and K. Midorikawa, “Dual-chirped optical parametric amplification for generating few hundred mJ infrared pulses,” Opt. Express19, 7190–7212 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Li, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, “Macroscopic effects on the broadband supercontinuum driven by an ω and ω/2 bichromatic laser pulse,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys.42, 165601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Hong, Q. Zhang, Z. Yang, and P. Lu, “Electron dynamic control for the quantum path in the midinfrared regime using a weak near-infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. A80, 053407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, Y. Li, and X. Wang, “Isolated sub-100-as pulse generation via controlling electron dynamics,” Phy. Rev. A76, 011402(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

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D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Few-optical-cycle pulses tunable from the visible to the mid-infrared by optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Opt.12, 013001 (2010).
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D. Brida, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Sub-two-cycle light pulses at 1.6 μm from an optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett.33, 741–743 (2008).
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G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Carrier-envelope phase stable, few-optical-cycle pulses tunable from visible to near IR,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25, B62–B69 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Cirmi, D. Brida, C. Manzoni, M. Marangoni, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Few-optical-cycle pulses in the near-infrared from a noncollinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett.32, 2396–2398 (2007).
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D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Few-optical-cycle pulses tunable from the visible to the mid-infrared by optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Opt.12, 013001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Cirmi, D. Brida, C. Manzoni, M. Marangoni, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Few-optical-cycle pulses in the near-infrared from a noncollinear optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett.32, 2396–2398 (2007).
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Marcinkevicius, A

F Tavella, A Marcinkevičius, and F Krausz, “Investigation of the superfluorescence and signal amplification in an ultrabroadband multiterawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier system,” New J. Phys.8, 219 (2006).
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S. Svensson, B. Eriksson, N. Mårtensson, G. Wendin, and U. Gelius, “Electron shake-up and correlation satellites and continuum shake-off distributions in X-ray photoelectron spectra of the rare gas atoms,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom.47, 327 (1988).
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I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, G. H. C. New, and K. Osvay, “Analysis and optimization of optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B19, 2945–2956 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun.144, 125–133 (1997).
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Metzger, Th.

Midorikawa, K.

Q. Zhang, E. J. Takahashi, O. D. Mücke, P. Lu, and K. Midorikawa, “Dual-chirped optical parametric amplification for generating few hundred mJ infrared pulses,” Opt. Express19, 7190–7212 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Lan, E. J. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization of infrared two-color multicycle field synthesis for intense-isolated-attosecond-pulse generation,” Phy. Rev. A82, 053413 (2010).
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E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, and K. Midorikawa, “High-order harmonic generation by an ultrafast infrared pulse,” Appl. Phys. B100, 29–41 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Infrared two-color multicycle laser field synthesis for generating an intense attosecond pulse,” Phy. Rev. Lett.104, 233901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Coherent water window X ray by phase-matched high-order harmonic generation in neutral media,” Phy. Rev. Lett.101, 253901 (2008).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Murnane, M. M.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, O. Tadas Balc̆iunas, D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science336, 1287–1292 (2012).
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E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Coherent water window X ray by phase-matched high-order harmonic generation in neutral media,” Phy. Rev. Lett.101, 253901 (2008).
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G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Poletto, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, O. Tadas Balc̆iunas, D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science336, 1287–1292 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, O. Tadas Balc̆iunas, D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science336, 1287–1292 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, O. Tadas Balc̆iunas, D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science336, 1287–1292 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Pugžlys, Audrius

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F. Costache, S. Eckert, and J. Reif, “Near-damage threshold femtosecond laser irradiation of dielectric surfaces: desorbed ion kinetics and defect dynamics,” Appl. Phys. A92, 897–902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Röser, F.

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I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, G. H. C. New, and K. Osvay, “Analysis and optimization of optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B19, 2945–2956 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun.144, 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Schrauth, S. E.

T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, O. Tadas Balc̆iunas, D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science336, 1287–1292 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, O. Tadas Balc̆iunas, D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science336, 1287–1292 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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T. Kobayashi and A. Shirakawa, “Tunable visible and near-infrared pulse generator in a 5 fs regime,” Appl. Phys. B70, S239–S246 (2000).
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Sidorov, D.

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G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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S. Svensson, B. Eriksson, N. Mårtensson, G. Wendin, and U. Gelius, “Electron shake-up and correlation satellites and continuum shake-off distributions in X-ray photoelectron spectra of the rare gas atoms,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom.47, 327 (1988).
[CrossRef]

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T. Popmintchev, M. C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, O. Tadas Balc̆iunas, D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science336, 1287–1292 (2012).
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Takahashi, E. J.

Q. Zhang, E. J. Takahashi, O. D. Mücke, P. Lu, and K. Midorikawa, “Dual-chirped optical parametric amplification for generating few hundred mJ infrared pulses,” Opt. Express19, 7190–7212 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Lan, E. J. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization of infrared two-color multicycle field synthesis for intense-isolated-attosecond-pulse generation,” Phy. Rev. A82, 053413 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, and K. Midorikawa, “High-order harmonic generation by an ultrafast infrared pulse,” Appl. Phys. B100, 29–41 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. D. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Infrared two-color multicycle laser field synthesis for generating an intense attosecond pulse,” Phy. Rev. Lett.104, 233901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Takahashi, T. Kanai, K. L. Ishikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Coherent water window X ray by phase-matched high-order harmonic generation in neutral media,” Phy. Rev. Lett.101, 253901 (2008).
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F Tavella, A Marcinkevičius, and F Krausz, “Investigation of the superfluorescence and signal amplification in an ultrabroadband multiterawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier system,” New J. Phys.8, 219 (2006).
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I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun.144, 125–133 (1997).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
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Villoresi, P.

D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Few-optical-cycle pulses tunable from the visible to the mid-infrared by optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Opt.12, 013001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Brida, G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Sub-two-cycle light pulses at 1.6 μm from an optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett.33, 741–743 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
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Vozzi, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
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K. Zhao, Q. Zhang, M. Chini, Y. Wu, X. Wang, and Z. Chang, “Tailoring a 67 attosecond pulse through advantageous phase-mismatch,” Opt. Lett.37, 3891–3893 (2012).
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P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, Y. Li, and X. Wang, “Isolated sub-100-as pulse generation via controlling electron dynamics,” Phy. Rev. A76, 011402(R) (2007).
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Watanabe, S.

Wei, P.

Wendin, G.

S. Svensson, B. Eriksson, N. Mårtensson, G. Wendin, and U. Gelius, “Electron shake-up and correlation satellites and continuum shake-off distributions in X-ray photoelectron spectra of the rare gas atoms,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom.47, 327 (1988).
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S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok, W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, “Numerical simulations for performance optimization of a few-cycle terawatt NOPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B87, 677–684 (2007).
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W. Hong, Q. Zhang, Z. Yang, and P. Lu, “Electron dynamic control for the quantum path in the midinfrared regime using a weak near-infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. A80, 053407 (2009).
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Zhang, C.

Zhang, Q.

K. Zhao, Q. Zhang, M. Chini, Y. Wu, X. Wang, and Z. Chang, “Tailoring a 67 attosecond pulse through advantageous phase-mismatch,” Opt. Lett.37, 3891–3893 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Zhang, E. J. Takahashi, O. D. Mücke, P. Lu, and K. Midorikawa, “Dual-chirped optical parametric amplification for generating few hundred mJ infrared pulses,” Opt. Express19, 7190–7212 (2011).
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Q. Li, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, “Macroscopic effects on the broadband supercontinuum driven by an ω and ω/2 bichromatic laser pulse,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys.42, 165601 (2009).
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W. Hong, Q. Zhang, Z. Yang, and P. Lu, “Electron dynamic control for the quantum path in the midinfrared regime using a weak near-infrared pulse,” Phys. Rev. A80, 053407 (2009).
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Zheng, Y.

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S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok, W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, “Numerical simulations for performance optimization of a few-cycle terawatt NOPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B87, 677–684 (2007).
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Appl. Phys. A

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Appl. Phys. B

T. Kobayashi and A. Shirakawa, “Tunable visible and near-infrared pulse generator in a 5 fs regime,” Appl. Phys. B70, S239–S246 (2000).
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S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok, W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, “Numerical simulations for performance optimization of a few-cycle terawatt NOPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B87, 677–684 (2007).
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J. Opt.

D. Brida, C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, M. Marangoni, S. Bonora, P. Villoresi, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Few-optical-cycle pulses tunable from the visible to the mid-infrared by optical parametric amplifiers,” J. Opt.12, 013001 (2010).
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J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys.

Q. Li, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and Q. Zhang, “Macroscopic effects on the broadband supercontinuum driven by an ω and ω/2 bichromatic laser pulse,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys.42, 165601 (2009).
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New J. Phys.

F Tavella, A Marcinkevičius, and F Krausz, “Investigation of the superfluorescence and signal amplification in an ultrabroadband multiterawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier system,” New J. Phys.8, 219 (2006).
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Opt. Commun.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun.144, 125–133 (1997).
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Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

A. Thai, M. Hemmer, P. K. Bates, O. Chalus, and J. Biegert, “Sub-250-mrad, passively carrier-envelope-phase-stable mid-infrared OPCPA source at high repetition rate,” Opt. Lett.36, 3918–3920 (2011).
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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Configuration of (a) SOPA and (b) DOPA.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output signal spectrum of (a) 1.2 μm, (b) 1.3 μm, (c) 1.4 μm and (d) 1.5 μm seed, and temporal profile of (e) 1.3 μm and (f) 1.5 μm signal pulses after compensation of spectral phase. Blue lines stand for SOPA and red lines stand for DOPA, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Signal energy (a) and bandwidth (b) variation with respect to the pump intensity, red circles in the DOPA and blue squares in the SOPA.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Signal energy (a) and bandwidth (b) comparison between SOPA (blue) and DOPA (red) with respect to the pump delay.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Energy evolution of 1.3 μm signal in SOPA (blue line) and DOPA (red line), noise energy plotted below (green line) in logarithmic coordinates.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Normalized intensity comparison of 1.3 μm signal shown in logarithmic coordinates. Blue and red lines stand for the SOPA and DOPA schemes, respectively.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

B-integral buildup for 1.3 μm signal pulses in SOPA (blue line) and DOPA (red line).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Output idler spectrum of (a) 1.2 μm, (b) 1.3 μm, (c) 1.4 μm and (d) 1.5 μm seed, and temporal profile of (e) 2.0 μm and (f) 1.7 μm idler pulses after compensation of spectral phase. Blue lines stand for SOPA and red lines stand for DOPA, respectively.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

CEP fluctuation over 500 laser shots. (a)–(b). Random initial CEP of WLC seed. (c)–(d). Passively-stabilized CEP of idler pulses. Red dot is the CEP in DOPA, and blue dot in DOPA.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Parameters of BBO and BaF2 crystals

Equations (4)

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Δ k = Δ k 0 + ( k s ω s + k i ω i ) Δ ω + 1 2 ! ( 2 k s ω s 2 + 2 k s ω i 2 ) Δ ω 2
Δ k 1 = k s ω s Δ ω + k i ω i Δ ω = ( 1 v g s 1 v g i ) Δ ω .
δ p j = 1 v g j 1 v g p , j = s , i .
B = 2 π λ s 0 L n 2 ( γ s s I s ( z ) + γ s p I p ( z ) + γ s i I i ( z ) ) d z

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