Abstract

The passive Q-switching laser performance of Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 is studied with crystals cut along the principal optical axes. Using a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber with initial transmission of 93.7% and an output coupler of transmission of 40%, efficient Q-switched laser operation is achieved with a X-cut crystal, generating an output power of 2.14 W at a pulse repetition rate of 4.5 kHz. The resulting laser pulse is 9.3 ns in duration, with the energy being as high as 476 μJ and the peak power amounting to 51.2 kW. The results demonstrated in this work reveal the great potential of this crystal in developing high-energy compact pulsed lasers.

© 2013 OSA

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2013 (2)

J. Liu, X. Tian, K. Wu, Q. Dai, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Highly efficient Q-switched laser operation of Yb:Y3Ga5O12 garnet crystal,” Opt. Express21(3), 2624–2631 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, Y. Wan, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, W. Han, J. Li, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Compact diode-pumped Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser generating 14.0 W of continuous-wave and 8.5 W of pulsed output powers,” Appl. Phys. B (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

2012 (2)

J. Liu, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, K. Wu, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Efficient laser operation of Yb:Lu3Ga5O12 garnet crystal,” Opt. Lett.37(12), 2388–2390 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, Y. Wan, Z. Zhou, X. Tian, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Comparative study on the laser performance of two Yb doped disordered garnet crystals: Yb:CNGG and Yb:CLNGG,” Appl. Phys. B109(2), 183–188 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (3)

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Y. Wang, Z. You, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+-doped Y2Ca3B4O12 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.104(1), 013102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, W. Han, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “Comparison of laser performance of Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals cut along the principal optical axes,” Appl. Phys. B91(2), 329–332 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (6)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

Y. Kalisky, “Cr4+-doped crystals: their use as lasers and passive Q-switches,” Prog. Quantum Electron.28(5), 249–303 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

2001 (3)

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and H. L. Chang, “Analytical model for design criteria of passively Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(3), 462–468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. D. Patel and R. J. Beach, “New formalism for the analysis of passively Q-switched laser systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(5), 707–715 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Aron, G. Aka, B. Viana, A. Kahn-Harari, D. Vivien, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, N. Lenain, and M. Jacquet, “Spectroscopic properties and laser performances of Yb:YCOB and potential of the Yb:LaCOB material,” Opt. Mater.16(1-2), 181–188 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

G. J. Valentine, A. J. Kemp, D. J. L. Birkin, D. Burns, F. Balembois, P. Georges, H. Bernas, A. Aron, G. Aka, W. Sibbett, A. Brun, M. D. Dawson, and E. Bente, “Femtosecond Yb:YCOB laser pumped by narrow-stripe laser diode and passively modelocked using ion implanted saturable-absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett.36(19), 1621–1623 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (4)

1998 (1)

D. A. Hammons, J. M. Eichenholz, Q. Ye, B. H. T. Chai, L. Shah, R. E. Peale, M. Richardson, and H. Qiu, “Laser action in Yb3+:YCOB (Yb3+:YCa4O(BO3)3),” Opt. Commun.156(4-6), 327–330 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

G. Xiao and M. Bass, “A generalized model for passively Q-switched lasers including excited state absorption in the saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(1), 41–44 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

J. J. Degnan, “Optimization of passively Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.31(11), 1890–1901 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

J. J. Degnan, “Theory of the optimally coupled Q-switched laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.25(2), 214–220 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Aka, G.

C. Kränkel, R. Peters, K. Petermann, P. Loiseau, G. Aka, and G. Huber, “Efficient continuous-wave thin disk laser operation of Yb:Ca4YO(BO3)3 in E//Z and E//X orientations with 26 W output power,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B26(7), 1310–1314 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Aron, G. Aka, B. Viana, A. Kahn-Harari, D. Vivien, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, N. Lenain, and M. Jacquet, “Spectroscopic properties and laser performances of Yb:YCOB and potential of the Yb:LaCOB material,” Opt. Mater.16(1-2), 181–188 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Valentine, A. J. Kemp, D. J. L. Birkin, D. Burns, F. Balembois, P. Georges, H. Bernas, A. Aron, G. Aka, W. Sibbett, A. Brun, M. D. Dawson, and E. Bente, “Femtosecond Yb:YCOB laser pumped by narrow-stripe laser diode and passively modelocked using ion implanted saturable-absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett.36(19), 1621–1623 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Mougel, K. Dardenne, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, “Ytterbium-doped Ca4GdO(BO3)3: an efficient infrared laser and self-frequency doubling crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B16(1), 164–172 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Augé, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, “Efficient and tunable continuous-wave diode-pumped Yb3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 laser,” Appl. Opt.38(6), 976–979 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Mougel, K. Dardenne, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, “Ytterbium-doped Ca4GdO(BO3)3: an efficient infrared laser and self-frequency doubling crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B16(1), 164–172 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Aron, A.

A. Aron, G. Aka, B. Viana, A. Kahn-Harari, D. Vivien, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, N. Lenain, and M. Jacquet, “Spectroscopic properties and laser performances of Yb:YCOB and potential of the Yb:LaCOB material,” Opt. Mater.16(1-2), 181–188 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Valentine, A. J. Kemp, D. J. L. Birkin, D. Burns, F. Balembois, P. Georges, H. Bernas, A. Aron, G. Aka, W. Sibbett, A. Brun, M. D. Dawson, and E. Bente, “Femtosecond Yb:YCOB laser pumped by narrow-stripe laser diode and passively modelocked using ion implanted saturable-absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett.36(19), 1621–1623 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Augé, F.

Baer, C. R. E.

Balembois, F.

A. Aron, G. Aka, B. Viana, A. Kahn-Harari, D. Vivien, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, N. Lenain, and M. Jacquet, “Spectroscopic properties and laser performances of Yb:YCOB and potential of the Yb:LaCOB material,” Opt. Mater.16(1-2), 181–188 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Valentine, A. J. Kemp, D. J. L. Birkin, D. Burns, F. Balembois, P. Georges, H. Bernas, A. Aron, G. Aka, W. Sibbett, A. Brun, M. D. Dawson, and E. Bente, “Femtosecond Yb:YCOB laser pumped by narrow-stripe laser diode and passively modelocked using ion implanted saturable-absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett.36(19), 1621–1623 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Augé, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, “Efficient and tunable continuous-wave diode-pumped Yb3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 laser,” Appl. Opt.38(6), 976–979 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bass, M.

J. Dong, M. Bass, Y. Mao, P. Deng, and F. Gan, “Dependence of the Yb3+ emission cross section and lifetime on temperature and concentration in yttrium aluminum garnet,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B20(9), 1975–1979 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Xiao and M. Bass, “A generalized model for passively Q-switched lasers including excited state absorption in the saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(1), 41–44 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Beach, R. J.

F. D. Patel and R. J. Beach, “New formalism for the analysis of passively Q-switched laser systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(5), 707–715 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bente, E.

G. J. Valentine, A. J. Kemp, D. J. L. Birkin, D. Burns, F. Balembois, P. Georges, H. Bernas, A. Aron, G. Aka, W. Sibbett, A. Brun, M. D. Dawson, and E. Bente, “Femtosecond Yb:YCOB laser pumped by narrow-stripe laser diode and passively modelocked using ion implanted saturable-absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett.36(19), 1621–1623 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bermudez , J. C.

Bernas, H.

G. J. Valentine, A. J. Kemp, D. J. L. Birkin, D. Burns, F. Balembois, P. Georges, H. Bernas, A. Aron, G. Aka, W. Sibbett, A. Brun, M. D. Dawson, and E. Bente, “Femtosecond Yb:YCOB laser pumped by narrow-stripe laser diode and passively modelocked using ion implanted saturable-absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett.36(19), 1621–1623 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Birkin, D. J. L.

G. J. Valentine, A. J. Kemp, D. J. L. Birkin, D. Burns, F. Balembois, P. Georges, H. Bernas, A. Aron, G. Aka, W. Sibbett, A. Brun, M. D. Dawson, and E. Bente, “Femtosecond Yb:YCOB laser pumped by narrow-stripe laser diode and passively modelocked using ion implanted saturable-absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett.36(19), 1621–1623 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brenier, A.

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Y. Wang, Z. You, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+-doped Y2Ca3B4O12 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.104(1), 013102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Dual-polarization and dual-wavelength diode-pumped laser operation from a birefringent Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear crystal,” Appl. Phys. B89(2-3), 323–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhang, A. Brenier, Q. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Chang, P. Li, S. Zhang, S. Ding, and S. Li, “Passive Q-switching characteristics of Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 crystal,” Opt. Express13(19), 7708–7719 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brun, A.

A. Aron, G. Aka, B. Viana, A. Kahn-Harari, D. Vivien, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, N. Lenain, and M. Jacquet, “Spectroscopic properties and laser performances of Yb:YCOB and potential of the Yb:LaCOB material,” Opt. Mater.16(1-2), 181–188 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Valentine, A. J. Kemp, D. J. L. Birkin, D. Burns, F. Balembois, P. Georges, H. Bernas, A. Aron, G. Aka, W. Sibbett, A. Brun, M. D. Dawson, and E. Bente, “Femtosecond Yb:YCOB laser pumped by narrow-stripe laser diode and passively modelocked using ion implanted saturable-absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett.36(19), 1621–1623 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Augé, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, “Efficient and tunable continuous-wave diode-pumped Yb3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 laser,” Appl. Opt.38(6), 976–979 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burns, D.

G. J. Valentine, A. J. Kemp, D. J. L. Birkin, D. Burns, F. Balembois, P. Georges, H. Bernas, A. Aron, G. Aka, W. Sibbett, A. Brun, M. D. Dawson, and E. Bente, “Femtosecond Yb:YCOB laser pumped by narrow-stripe laser diode and passively modelocked using ion implanted saturable-absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett.36(19), 1621–1623 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chai, B. H. T.

D. A. Hammons, J. M. Eichenholz, Q. Ye, B. H. T. Chai, L. Shah, R. E. Peale, M. Richardson, and H. Qiu, “Laser action in Yb3+:YCOB (Yb3+:YCa4O(BO3)3),” Opt. Commun.156(4-6), 327–330 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chang, H. L.

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and H. L. Chang, “Analytical model for design criteria of passively Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(3), 462–468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chang, J.

Chen, Y. F.

Cheng, R.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, R. Cheng, J. Dawes, P. Dekker, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Slope efficiency of up to 73% for Yb:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal laser pumped by a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B68(6), 1147–1149 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dai, Q.

Dardenne, K.

Dawes, J.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, R. Cheng, J. Dawes, P. Dekker, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Slope efficiency of up to 73% for Yb:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal laser pumped by a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B68(6), 1147–1149 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dawson, M. D.

G. J. Valentine, A. J. Kemp, D. J. L. Birkin, D. Burns, F. Balembois, P. Georges, H. Bernas, A. Aron, G. Aka, W. Sibbett, A. Brun, M. D. Dawson, and E. Bente, “Femtosecond Yb:YCOB laser pumped by narrow-stripe laser diode and passively modelocked using ion implanted saturable-absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett.36(19), 1621–1623 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Degnan, J. J.

J. J. Degnan, “Optimization of passively Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.31(11), 1890–1901 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Degnan, “Theory of the optimally coupled Q-switched laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.25(2), 214–220 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Dekker, P.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, R. Cheng, J. Dawes, P. Dekker, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Slope efficiency of up to 73% for Yb:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal laser pumped by a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B68(6), 1147–1149 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Deng, P.

Ding, S.

Dong, J.

J. Dong, “Numerical modeling of CW-pumped repetitively passively Q-switched Yb:YAG lasers with Cr:YAG as saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun.226(1-6), 337–344 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Dong, M. Bass, Y. Mao, P. Deng, and F. Gan, “Dependence of the Yb3+ emission cross section and lifetime on temperature and concentration in yttrium aluminum garnet,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B20(9), 1975–1979 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Druon, F.

A. Aron, G. Aka, B. Viana, A. Kahn-Harari, D. Vivien, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, N. Lenain, and M. Jacquet, “Spectroscopic properties and laser performances of Yb:YCOB and potential of the Yb:LaCOB material,” Opt. Mater.16(1-2), 181–188 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Eichenholz, J. M.

D. A. Hammons, J. M. Eichenholz, Q. Ye, B. H. T. Chai, L. Shah, R. E. Peale, M. Richardson, and H. Qiu, “Laser action in Yb3+:YCOB (Yb3+:YCa4O(BO3)3),” Opt. Commun.156(4-6), 327–330 (1998).
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Erbert, G.

Fiebig, C.

Gan, F.

Georges, P.

A. Aron, G. Aka, B. Viana, A. Kahn-Harari, D. Vivien, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, N. Lenain, and M. Jacquet, “Spectroscopic properties and laser performances of Yb:YCOB and potential of the Yb:LaCOB material,” Opt. Mater.16(1-2), 181–188 (2001).
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G. J. Valentine, A. J. Kemp, D. J. L. Birkin, D. Burns, F. Balembois, P. Georges, H. Bernas, A. Aron, G. Aka, W. Sibbett, A. Brun, M. D. Dawson, and E. Bente, “Femtosecond Yb:YCOB laser pumped by narrow-stripe laser diode and passively modelocked using ion implanted saturable-absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett.36(19), 1621–1623 (2000).
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F. Augé, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, “Efficient and tunable continuous-wave diode-pumped Yb3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 laser,” Appl. Opt.38(6), 976–979 (1999).
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Griebner, U.

Hammons, D. A.

D. A. Hammons, J. M. Eichenholz, Q. Ye, B. H. T. Chai, L. Shah, R. E. Peale, M. Richardson, and H. Qiu, “Laser action in Yb3+:YCOB (Yb3+:YCa4O(BO3)3),” Opt. Commun.156(4-6), 327–330 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Han, W.

J. Liu, X. Tian, K. Wu, Q. Dai, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Highly efficient Q-switched laser operation of Yb:Y3Ga5O12 garnet crystal,” Opt. Express21(3), 2624–2631 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, Y. Wan, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, W. Han, J. Li, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Compact diode-pumped Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser generating 14.0 W of continuous-wave and 8.5 W of pulsed output powers,” Appl. Phys. B (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, K. Wu, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Efficient laser operation of Yb:Lu3Ga5O12 garnet crystal,” Opt. Lett.37(12), 2388–2390 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, Y. Wan, Z. Zhou, X. Tian, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Comparative study on the laser performance of two Yb doped disordered garnet crystals: Yb:CNGG and Yb:CLNGG,” Appl. Phys. B109(2), 183–188 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, W. Han, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “Comparison of laser performance of Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals cut along the principal optical axes,” Appl. Phys. B91(2), 329–332 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Heckl, O. H.

Huang, J. Y.

Huang, K. F.

Huber, G.

Jacquet, M.

A. Aron, G. Aka, B. Viana, A. Kahn-Harari, D. Vivien, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, N. Lenain, and M. Jacquet, “Spectroscopic properties and laser performances of Yb:YCOB and potential of the Yb:LaCOB material,” Opt. Mater.16(1-2), 181–188 (2001).
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Jiang, M. H.

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Y. Kalisky, “Cr4+-doped crystals: their use as lasers and passive Q-switches,” Prog. Quantum Electron.28(5), 249–303 (2004).
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Kemp, A. J.

G. J. Valentine, A. J. Kemp, D. J. L. Birkin, D. Burns, F. Balembois, P. Georges, H. Bernas, A. Aron, G. Aka, W. Sibbett, A. Brun, M. D. Dawson, and E. Bente, “Femtosecond Yb:YCOB laser pumped by narrow-stripe laser diode and passively modelocked using ion implanted saturable-absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett.36(19), 1621–1623 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kir’yanov, A. V.

Kränkel, C.

Lai, H. C.

Lan, Y. P.

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and H. L. Chang, “Analytical model for design criteria of passively Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(3), 462–468 (2001).
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A. Aron, G. Aka, B. Viana, A. Kahn-Harari, D. Vivien, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, N. Lenain, and M. Jacquet, “Spectroscopic properties and laser performances of Yb:YCOB and potential of the Yb:LaCOB material,” Opt. Mater.16(1-2), 181–188 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

J. Liu, Y. Wan, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, W. Han, J. Li, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Compact diode-pumped Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser generating 14.0 W of continuous-wave and 8.5 W of pulsed output powers,” Appl. Phys. B (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, X. Mateos, A. Schmidt, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, H. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Li, and J. Liu, “Passive mode-locking of acentric Yb-doped borate crystals,” Laser Phys.20(5), 1085–1090 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Y. Wang, Z. You, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+-doped Y2Ca3B4O12 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.104(1), 013102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Dual-polarization and dual-wavelength diode-pumped laser operation from a birefringent Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear crystal,” Appl. Phys. B89(2-3), 323–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, P.

Li, S.

Liang, H. C.

Liu, J.

J. Liu, Y. Wan, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, W. Han, J. Li, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Compact diode-pumped Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser generating 14.0 W of continuous-wave and 8.5 W of pulsed output powers,” Appl. Phys. B (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, X. Tian, K. Wu, Q. Dai, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Highly efficient Q-switched laser operation of Yb:Y3Ga5O12 garnet crystal,” Opt. Express21(3), 2624–2631 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, Y. Wan, Z. Zhou, X. Tian, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Comparative study on the laser performance of two Yb doped disordered garnet crystals: Yb:CNGG and Yb:CLNGG,” Appl. Phys. B109(2), 183–188 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, K. Wu, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Efficient laser operation of Yb:Lu3Ga5O12 garnet crystal,” Opt. Lett.37(12), 2388–2390 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Yoshida, A. Schmidt, V. Petrov, C. Fiebig, G. Erbert, J. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and U. Griebner, “Diode-pumped mode-locked Yb:YCOB laser generating 35 fs pulses,” Opt. Lett.36(22), 4425–4427 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Yoshida, A. Schmidt, H. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Liu, C. Fiebig, K. Paschke, G. Erbert, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “42-fs diode-pumped Yb:Ca4YO(BO3)3 oscillator,” Opt. Express18(23), 24325–24330 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petrov, X. Mateos, A. Schmidt, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, H. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Li, and J. Liu, “Passive mode-locking of acentric Yb-doped borate crystals,” Laser Phys.20(5), 1085–1090 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, W. Han, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “Comparison of laser performance of Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals cut along the principal optical axes,” Appl. Phys. B91(2), 329–332 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “Output-coupling-dependent polarization state of a continuous-wave Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser,” Opt. Lett.32(20), 2909–2911 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Efficient passively Q-switched laser operation of Yb in the disordered NaGd(WO4)2 crystal host,” Opt. Lett.32(12), 1728–1730 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched laser operation of Yb:NaY(WO4) 2 crystal,” Opt. Express15(20), 12900–12904 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Power scaling of a continuous-wave and passively Q-switched Yb:KLu(WO4)2 laser end-pumped by a high-power diode,” Appl. Phys. B88(4), 527–530 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, R. Cheng, J. Dawes, P. Dekker, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Slope efficiency of up to 73% for Yb:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal laser pumped by a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B68(6), 1147–1149 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Loiseau, P.

Mao, Y.

Mateos, X.

V. Petrov, X. Mateos, A. Schmidt, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, H. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Li, and J. Liu, “Passive mode-locking of acentric Yb-doped borate crystals,” Laser Phys.20(5), 1085–1090 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Meng, X.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, R. Cheng, J. Dawes, P. Dekker, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Slope efficiency of up to 73% for Yb:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal laser pumped by a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B68(6), 1147–1149 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mougel, F.

Paschke, K.

Patel, F. D.

F. D. Patel and R. J. Beach, “New formalism for the analysis of passively Q-switched laser systems,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(5), 707–715 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Peale, R. E.

D. A. Hammons, J. M. Eichenholz, Q. Ye, B. H. T. Chai, L. Shah, R. E. Peale, M. Richardson, and H. Qiu, “Laser action in Yb3+:YCOB (Yb3+:YCa4O(BO3)3),” Opt. Commun.156(4-6), 327–330 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

Peters, R.

Petrov, V.

A. Yoshida, A. Schmidt, V. Petrov, C. Fiebig, G. Erbert, J. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and U. Griebner, “Diode-pumped mode-locked Yb:YCOB laser generating 35 fs pulses,” Opt. Lett.36(22), 4425–4427 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Yoshida, A. Schmidt, H. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Liu, C. Fiebig, K. Paschke, G. Erbert, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “42-fs diode-pumped Yb:Ca4YO(BO3)3 oscillator,” Opt. Express18(23), 24325–24330 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petrov, X. Mateos, A. Schmidt, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, H. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Li, and J. Liu, “Passive mode-locking of acentric Yb-doped borate crystals,” Laser Phys.20(5), 1085–1090 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, W. Han, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “Comparison of laser performance of Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals cut along the principal optical axes,” Appl. Phys. B91(2), 329–332 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “Output-coupling-dependent polarization state of a continuous-wave Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser,” Opt. Lett.32(20), 2909–2911 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Efficient passively Q-switched laser operation of Yb in the disordered NaGd(WO4)2 crystal host,” Opt. Lett.32(12), 1728–1730 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched laser operation of Yb:NaY(WO4) 2 crystal,” Opt. Express15(20), 12900–12904 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Power scaling of a continuous-wave and passively Q-switched Yb:KLu(WO4)2 laser end-pumped by a high-power diode,” Appl. Phys. B88(4), 527–530 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, H.

D. A. Hammons, J. M. Eichenholz, Q. Ye, B. H. T. Chai, L. Shah, R. E. Peale, M. Richardson, and H. Qiu, “Laser action in Yb3+:YCOB (Yb3+:YCa4O(BO3)3),” Opt. Commun.156(4-6), 327–330 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, M.

D. A. Hammons, J. M. Eichenholz, Q. Ye, B. H. T. Chai, L. Shah, R. E. Peale, M. Richardson, and H. Qiu, “Laser action in Yb3+:YCOB (Yb3+:YCa4O(BO3)3),” Opt. Commun.156(4-6), 327–330 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rivier, S.

V. Petrov, X. Mateos, A. Schmidt, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, H. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Li, and J. Liu, “Passive mode-locking of acentric Yb-doped borate crystals,” Laser Phys.20(5), 1085–1090 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Saraceno, C. J.

Schmidt, A.

Shah, L.

D. A. Hammons, J. M. Eichenholz, Q. Ye, B. H. T. Chai, L. Shah, R. E. Peale, M. Richardson, and H. Qiu, “Laser action in Yb3+:YCOB (Yb3+:YCa4O(BO3)3),” Opt. Commun.156(4-6), 327–330 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

G. J. Valentine, A. J. Kemp, D. J. L. Birkin, D. Burns, F. Balembois, P. Georges, H. Bernas, A. Aron, G. Aka, W. Sibbett, A. Brun, M. D. Dawson, and E. Bente, “Femtosecond Yb:YCOB laser pumped by narrow-stripe laser diode and passively modelocked using ion implanted saturable-absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett.36(19), 1621–1623 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Su, K. W.

Südmeyer, T.

Sun, L.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, R. Cheng, J. Dawes, P. Dekker, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Slope efficiency of up to 73% for Yb:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal laser pumped by a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B68(6), 1147–1149 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tian, X.

J. Liu, X. Tian, K. Wu, Q. Dai, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Highly efficient Q-switched laser operation of Yb:Y3Ga5O12 garnet crystal,” Opt. Express21(3), 2624–2631 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, Y. Wan, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, W. Han, J. Li, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Compact diode-pumped Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser generating 14.0 W of continuous-wave and 8.5 W of pulsed output powers,” Appl. Phys. B (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Y. Wan, Z. Zhou, X. Tian, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Comparative study on the laser performance of two Yb doped disordered garnet crystals: Yb:CNGG and Yb:CLNGG,” Appl. Phys. B109(2), 183–188 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, K. Wu, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Efficient laser operation of Yb:Lu3Ga5O12 garnet crystal,” Opt. Lett.37(12), 2388–2390 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tu, C.

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Y. Wang, Z. You, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+-doped Y2Ca3B4O12 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.104(1), 013102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Dual-polarization and dual-wavelength diode-pumped laser operation from a birefringent Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear crystal,” Appl. Phys. B89(2-3), 323–328 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Valentine, G. J.

G. J. Valentine, A. J. Kemp, D. J. L. Birkin, D. Burns, F. Balembois, P. Georges, H. Bernas, A. Aron, G. Aka, W. Sibbett, A. Brun, M. D. Dawson, and E. Bente, “Femtosecond Yb:YCOB laser pumped by narrow-stripe laser diode and passively modelocked using ion implanted saturable-absorber mirror,” Electron. Lett.36(19), 1621–1623 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Viana, B.

A. Aron, G. Aka, B. Viana, A. Kahn-Harari, D. Vivien, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, N. Lenain, and M. Jacquet, “Spectroscopic properties and laser performances of Yb:YCOB and potential of the Yb:LaCOB material,” Opt. Mater.16(1-2), 181–188 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Vivien, D.

Wan, Y.

J. Liu, Y. Wan, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, W. Han, J. Li, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Compact diode-pumped Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser generating 14.0 W of continuous-wave and 8.5 W of pulsed output powers,” Appl. Phys. B (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Y. Wan, Z. Zhou, X. Tian, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Comparative study on the laser performance of two Yb doped disordered garnet crystals: Yb:CNGG and Yb:CLNGG,” Appl. Phys. B109(2), 183–188 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

J. Liu, Y. Wan, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, W. Han, J. Li, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Compact diode-pumped Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser generating 14.0 W of continuous-wave and 8.5 W of pulsed output powers,” Appl. Phys. B (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

A. Yoshida, A. Schmidt, V. Petrov, C. Fiebig, G. Erbert, J. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and U. Griebner, “Diode-pumped mode-locked Yb:YCOB laser generating 35 fs pulses,” Opt. Lett.36(22), 4425–4427 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Yoshida, A. Schmidt, H. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Liu, C. Fiebig, K. Paschke, G. Erbert, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “42-fs diode-pumped Yb:Ca4YO(BO3)3 oscillator,” Opt. Express18(23), 24325–24330 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petrov, X. Mateos, A. Schmidt, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, H. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Li, and J. Liu, “Passive mode-locking of acentric Yb-doped borate crystals,” Laser Phys.20(5), 1085–1090 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, W. Han, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “Comparison of laser performance of Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals cut along the principal optical axes,” Appl. Phys. B91(2), 329–332 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “Output-coupling-dependent polarization state of a continuous-wave Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser,” Opt. Lett.32(20), 2909–2911 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched laser operation of Yb:NaY(WO4) 2 crystal,” Opt. Express15(20), 12900–12904 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Efficient passively Q-switched laser operation of Yb in the disordered NaGd(WO4)2 crystal host,” Opt. Lett.32(12), 1728–1730 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Power scaling of a continuous-wave and passively Q-switched Yb:KLu(WO4)2 laser end-pumped by a high-power diode,” Appl. Phys. B88(4), 527–530 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. Y.

Wang, P.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, R. Cheng, J. Dawes, P. Dekker, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Slope efficiency of up to 73% for Yb:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal laser pumped by a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B68(6), 1147–1149 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Wang, Y.

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Y. Wang, Z. You, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+-doped Y2Ca3B4O12 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.104(1), 013102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

Wu, K.

Xiao, G.

G. Xiao and M. Bass, “A generalized model for passively Q-switched lasers including excited state absorption in the saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.33(1), 41–44 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ye, Q.

D. A. Hammons, J. M. Eichenholz, Q. Ye, B. H. T. Chai, L. Shah, R. E. Peale, M. Richardson, and H. Qiu, “Laser action in Yb3+:YCOB (Yb3+:YCa4O(BO3)3),” Opt. Commun.156(4-6), 327–330 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, A.

You, Z.

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Y. Wang, Z. You, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Diode-pumped laser operation of Yb3+-doped Y2Ca3B4O12 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys.104(1), 013102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

J. Liu, X. Tian, K. Wu, Q. Dai, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Highly efficient Q-switched laser operation of Yb:Y3Ga5O12 garnet crystal,” Opt. Express21(3), 2624–2631 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, Y. Wan, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, W. Han, J. Li, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Compact diode-pumped Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser generating 14.0 W of continuous-wave and 8.5 W of pulsed output powers,” Appl. Phys. B (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, K. Wu, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Efficient laser operation of Yb:Lu3Ga5O12 garnet crystal,” Opt. Lett.37(12), 2388–2390 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, Y. Wan, Z. Zhou, X. Tian, W. Han, and H. Zhang, “Comparative study on the laser performance of two Yb doped disordered garnet crystals: Yb:CNGG and Yb:CLNGG,” Appl. Phys. B109(2), 183–188 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Yoshida, A. Schmidt, V. Petrov, C. Fiebig, G. Erbert, J. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and U. Griebner, “Diode-pumped mode-locked Yb:YCOB laser generating 35 fs pulses,” Opt. Lett.36(22), 4425–4427 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Yoshida, A. Schmidt, H. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Liu, C. Fiebig, K. Paschke, G. Erbert, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “42-fs diode-pumped Yb:Ca4YO(BO3)3 oscillator,” Opt. Express18(23), 24325–24330 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petrov, X. Mateos, A. Schmidt, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, H. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Li, and J. Liu, “Passive mode-locking of acentric Yb-doped borate crystals,” Laser Phys.20(5), 1085–1090 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, W. Han, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “Comparison of laser performance of Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals cut along the principal optical axes,” Appl. Phys. B91(2), 329–332 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “Output-coupling-dependent polarization state of a continuous-wave Yb:YCa4O(BO3)3 laser,” Opt. Lett.32(20), 2909–2911 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and V. Petrov, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched laser operation of Yb:NaY(WO4) 2 crystal,” Opt. Express15(20), 12900–12904 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Efficient passively Q-switched laser operation of Yb in the disordered NaGd(WO4)2 crystal host,” Opt. Lett.32(12), 1728–1730 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, and J. Wang, “Power scaling of a continuous-wave and passively Q-switched Yb:KLu(WO4)2 laser end-pumped by a high-power diode,” Appl. Phys. B88(4), 527–530 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, R. Cheng, J. Dawes, P. Dekker, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Slope efficiency of up to 73% for Yb:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal laser pumped by a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B68(6), 1147–1149 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. J.

Zhang, S.

X. Zhang, A. Brenier, Q. Wang, Z. Wang, J. Chang, P. Li, S. Zhang, S. Ding, and S. Li, “Passive Q-switching characteristics of Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 crystal,” Opt. Express13(19), 7708–7719 (2005).
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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Output power versus Pabs generated with the X-cut Yb:YCOB crystal (a), and with the Y-cut Yb:YCOB crystal (b).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

A typical laser beam profile measured at an output power of 1.0 W for the X-cut Yb:YCOB laser operating in the cw mode.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Q-switched and cw laser emission spectra measured at Pabs = 4.78 W for the X-cut crystal (a), and at Pabs = 4.71 W for the Y-cut crystal (b).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pulse repetition frequency as a function of Pabs, measured under different Q-switching conditions for the X-cut crystal (a) and for the Y-cut crystal (b).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Pulse energy versus Pabs, generated under different Q-switching conditions for the X-cut crystal (a) and for the Y-cut crystal (b).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Typical profiles of the laser pulses generated under different Q-switching conditions with the X-cut crystal (a) and with the Y-cut crystal (b).

Tables (4)

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Table 1 Parameters Characterizing the Passively Q-switched X-cut Yb:YCOB Laser

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Table 2 Parameters Characterizing the Passively Q-switched Y-cut Yb:YCOB Laser

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Table 3 Analytical and Numerical Calculations of the Pulse Energy and Duration for the Yb:YCOB Laser

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Table 4 Comparison of Passive Q-switching Laser Performance Achieved with Various Yb crystals

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