Abstract

Multi-pulse laser-induced damage threshold (LIDT) was experimentally investigated up to ~106 pulses for Cu, Ag mirrors. The surface roughness and the hardness dependence on the LIDT were also examined. The LIDT of OFHC-Cu decreased with the pulse number and was 1.0 J/cm2 at 1.8 × 106 pulses. The expected LIDT of cutting Ag at 107 pulses was the highest; Ag mirror would be one of the best choices for ITER Thomson scattering system. For the roughness and hardness, material dependences of LIDT are discussed with experimental results.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2008 (1)

S. Kajita, T. Hatae, and V. S. Voitsenya, “Assessment of laser transmission mirror materials for ITER edge Thomson scattering diagnostics,” J. Plasma Fusion Res.3, 032 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Orlinski, V. S. Voitsenya, and K. Y. U. Vukolov, “First mirrors for diagnostic systems of an experimental fusion reactor I. Simulation mirror tests under neutron and ion bombardment,” Plasma Dev. Oper.15(1), 33–75 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

A. Gorshkov, I. Bel’bas, M. Maslov, V. Sannikov, and K. Vukolov, “Laser damage investigations of Cu mirrors,” Fusion Eng. Des.74(1-4), 859–863 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

N. Kawagoishi, H. Nisitani, E. Kondo, A. Shimamoto, and R. Tashiro, “Influence of Stress change on the fatigue behavior and fatigue life of aluminum Oxide-dispersion-strengthening copper alloy at room temperature and 350 degree,” J. Soc. Mat. Sci. Japan53(2), 182–187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. Gorshkov, I. Bel’bas, V. Sannikov, and K. Vukolov, “Frequency laser damage of Mo mirrors,” Fusion Eng. Des.66–68, 865–869 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

V. Voitsenya, A. F. Bardamid, V. N. Bondarenko, W. Jacob, V. G. Konovalov, S. Masuzaki, O. Motojima, D. V. Orlinskij, V. L. Poperenko, I. V. Ryzhkov, A. Sagara, A. F. Shtan, S. I. Solodovchenko, and M. V. Vinnichenko, “Some problems arising due to plasma-surface interaction for operation of the in-vessel mirrors in a fusion reactor,” J. Nucl. Mater.290–293, 336–340 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

R. W. Moir, “Grazing incidence liquid metal mirrors (GILMM) for radiation hardened final optics for laser inertial fusion energy power plants,” Fusion Eng. Des.51–52, 1121–1128 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

V. S. Voitsenya, V. G. Konovalov, M. F. Becker, O. Motojima, K. Narihara, and B. Schunke, “Materials selection for the in situ mirrors of laser diagnostics in fusion devices,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.70(4), 2016–2025 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1988 (1)

1983 (1)

C. S. Lee, N. Koumvakalis, and M. Bass, “A theoretical model for multiple-pulse laser-induced damage to metal mirrors,” J. Appl. Phys.54(10), 5727–5731 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Allen, S.

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bardamid, A. F.

V. Voitsenya, A. F. Bardamid, V. N. Bondarenko, W. Jacob, V. G. Konovalov, S. Masuzaki, O. Motojima, D. V. Orlinskij, V. L. Poperenko, I. V. Ryzhkov, A. Sagara, A. F. Shtan, S. I. Solodovchenko, and M. V. Vinnichenko, “Some problems arising due to plasma-surface interaction for operation of the in-vessel mirrors in a fusion reactor,” J. Nucl. Mater.290–293, 336–340 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Barnsley, R.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bass, M.

C. S. Lee, N. Koumvakalis, and M. Bass, “A theoretical model for multiple-pulse laser-induced damage to metal mirrors,” J. Appl. Phys.54(10), 5727–5731 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Becker, M. F.

V. S. Voitsenya, V. G. Konovalov, M. F. Becker, O. Motojima, K. Narihara, and B. Schunke, “Materials selection for the in situ mirrors of laser diagnostics in fusion devices,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.70(4), 2016–2025 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Becker, C. Ma, and R. M. Walser, “Predicting multipulse laser-induced failure for molybdenum metal mirrors,” Appl. Opt.30(36), 5239–5246 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Jee, M. F. Becker, and R. M. Walser, “Laser-induced damage on single-crystal metal surfaces,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B5(3), 648–659 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Bel’bas, I.

A. Gorshkov, I. Bel’bas, M. Maslov, V. Sannikov, and K. Vukolov, “Laser damage investigations of Cu mirrors,” Fusion Eng. Des.74(1-4), 859–863 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Gorshkov, I. Bel’bas, V. Sannikov, and K. Vukolov, “Frequency laser damage of Mo mirrors,” Fusion Eng. Des.66–68, 865–869 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bindslev, H.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Boivin, R.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bondarenko, V. N.

V. Voitsenya, A. F. Bardamid, V. N. Bondarenko, W. Jacob, V. G. Konovalov, S. Masuzaki, O. Motojima, D. V. Orlinskij, V. L. Poperenko, I. V. Ryzhkov, A. Sagara, A. F. Shtan, S. I. Solodovchenko, and M. V. Vinnichenko, “Some problems arising due to plasma-surface interaction for operation of the in-vessel mirrors in a fusion reactor,” J. Nucl. Mater.290–293, 336–340 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Conway, G.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Costley, A.

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Costley, A. E.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

De Temmerman, G.

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Diagnostics, I. T. P. A. T. G.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Donné, A. H.

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Donné, A. J. H.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Droste, S.

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fisher, R.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Giannella, R.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gorshkov, A.

A. Gorshkov, I. Bel’bas, M. Maslov, V. Sannikov, and K. Vukolov, “Laser damage investigations of Cu mirrors,” Fusion Eng. Des.74(1-4), 859–863 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Gorshkov, I. Bel’bas, V. Sannikov, and K. Vukolov, “Frequency laser damage of Mo mirrors,” Fusion Eng. Des.66–68, 865–869 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hartfuss, H.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hatae, T.

S. Kajita, T. Hatae, and V. S. Voitsenya, “Assessment of laser transmission mirror materials for ITER edge Thomson scattering diagnostics,” J. Plasma Fusion Res.3, 032 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hellermann, M. G.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hodgson, E.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ingesson, L. C.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Itami, K.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jacob, W.

V. Voitsenya, A. F. Bardamid, V. N. Bondarenko, W. Jacob, V. G. Konovalov, S. Masuzaki, O. Motojima, D. V. Orlinskij, V. L. Poperenko, I. V. Ryzhkov, A. Sagara, A. F. Shtan, S. I. Solodovchenko, and M. V. Vinnichenko, “Some problems arising due to plasma-surface interaction for operation of the in-vessel mirrors in a fusion reactor,” J. Nucl. Mater.290–293, 336–340 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jee, Y.

Johnson, D.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kajita, S.

S. Kajita, T. Hatae, and V. S. Voitsenya, “Assessment of laser transmission mirror materials for ITER edge Thomson scattering diagnostics,” J. Plasma Fusion Res.3, 032 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kawagoishi, N.

N. Kawagoishi, H. Nisitani, E. Kondo, A. Shimamoto, and R. Tashiro, “Influence of Stress change on the fatigue behavior and fatigue life of aluminum Oxide-dispersion-strengthening copper alloy at room temperature and 350 degree,” J. Soc. Mat. Sci. Japan53(2), 182–187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kawano, Y.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kirschner, A.

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, E.

N. Kawagoishi, H. Nisitani, E. Kondo, A. Shimamoto, and R. Tashiro, “Influence of Stress change on the fatigue behavior and fatigue life of aluminum Oxide-dispersion-strengthening copper alloy at room temperature and 350 degree,” J. Soc. Mat. Sci. Japan53(2), 182–187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kondoh, T.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Konovalov, V. G.

V. Voitsenya, A. F. Bardamid, V. N. Bondarenko, W. Jacob, V. G. Konovalov, S. Masuzaki, O. Motojima, D. V. Orlinskij, V. L. Poperenko, I. V. Ryzhkov, A. Sagara, A. F. Shtan, S. I. Solodovchenko, and M. V. Vinnichenko, “Some problems arising due to plasma-surface interaction for operation of the in-vessel mirrors in a fusion reactor,” J. Nucl. Mater.290–293, 336–340 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Voitsenya, V. G. Konovalov, M. F. Becker, O. Motojima, K. Narihara, and B. Schunke, “Materials selection for the in situ mirrors of laser diagnostics in fusion devices,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.70(4), 2016–2025 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Koumvakalis, N.

C. S. Lee, N. Koumvakalis, and M. Bass, “A theoretical model for multiple-pulse laser-induced damage to metal mirrors,” J. Appl. Phys.54(10), 5727–5731 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Krasilnikov, A.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kreter, A.

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kusama, Y.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. S.

C. S. Lee, N. Koumvakalis, and M. Bass, “A theoretical model for multiple-pulse laser-induced damage to metal mirrors,” J. Appl. Phys.54(10), 5727–5731 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Lipa, M.

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Litnovsky, A.

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lotte, P.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ma, C.

Maslov, M.

A. Gorshkov, I. Bel’bas, M. Maslov, V. Sannikov, and K. Vukolov, “Laser damage investigations of Cu mirrors,” Fusion Eng. Des.74(1-4), 859–863 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Masuzaki, S.

V. Voitsenya, A. F. Bardamid, V. N. Bondarenko, W. Jacob, V. G. Konovalov, S. Masuzaki, O. Motojima, D. V. Orlinskij, V. L. Poperenko, I. V. Ryzhkov, A. Sagara, A. F. Shtan, S. I. Solodovchenko, and M. V. Vinnichenko, “Some problems arising due to plasma-surface interaction for operation of the in-vessel mirrors in a fusion reactor,” J. Nucl. Mater.290–293, 336–340 (2001).
[CrossRef]

McLean, A.

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mertens, P.

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Moir, R. W.

R. W. Moir, “Grazing incidence liquid metal mirrors (GILMM) for radiation hardened final optics for laser inertial fusion energy power plants,” Fusion Eng. Des.51–52, 1121–1128 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Motojima, O.

V. Voitsenya, A. F. Bardamid, V. N. Bondarenko, W. Jacob, V. G. Konovalov, S. Masuzaki, O. Motojima, D. V. Orlinskij, V. L. Poperenko, I. V. Ryzhkov, A. Sagara, A. F. Shtan, S. I. Solodovchenko, and M. V. Vinnichenko, “Some problems arising due to plasma-surface interaction for operation of the in-vessel mirrors in a fusion reactor,” J. Nucl. Mater.290–293, 336–340 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Voitsenya, V. G. Konovalov, M. F. Becker, O. Motojima, K. Narihara, and B. Schunke, “Materials selection for the in situ mirrors of laser diagnostics in fusion devices,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.70(4), 2016–2025 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Narihara, K.

V. S. Voitsenya, V. G. Konovalov, M. F. Becker, O. Motojima, K. Narihara, and B. Schunke, “Materials selection for the in situ mirrors of laser diagnostics in fusion devices,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.70(4), 2016–2025 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, P.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nishitani, T.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nisitani, H.

N. Kawagoishi, H. Nisitani, E. Kondo, A. Shimamoto, and R. Tashiro, “Influence of Stress change on the fatigue behavior and fatigue life of aluminum Oxide-dispersion-strengthening copper alloy at room temperature and 350 degree,” J. Soc. Mat. Sci. Japan53(2), 182–187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Oelhafen, P.

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Orlinski, D. V.

D. V. Orlinski, V. S. Voitsenya, and K. Y. U. Vukolov, “First mirrors for diagnostic systems of an experimental fusion reactor I. Simulation mirror tests under neutron and ion bombardment,” Plasma Dev. Oper.15(1), 33–75 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Orlinskij, D. V.

V. Voitsenya, A. F. Bardamid, V. N. Bondarenko, W. Jacob, V. G. Konovalov, S. Masuzaki, O. Motojima, D. V. Orlinskij, V. L. Poperenko, I. V. Ryzhkov, A. Sagara, A. F. Shtan, S. I. Solodovchenko, and M. V. Vinnichenko, “Some problems arising due to plasma-surface interaction for operation of the in-vessel mirrors in a fusion reactor,” J. Nucl. Mater.290–293, 336–340 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Orsitto, F.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Peterson, B. J.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Philipps, V.

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pitts, R.

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Poperenko, V. L.

V. Voitsenya, A. F. Bardamid, V. N. Bondarenko, W. Jacob, V. G. Konovalov, S. Masuzaki, O. Motojima, D. V. Orlinskij, V. L. Poperenko, I. V. Ryzhkov, A. Sagara, A. F. Shtan, S. I. Solodovchenko, and M. V. Vinnichenko, “Some problems arising due to plasma-surface interaction for operation of the in-vessel mirrors in a fusion reactor,” J. Nucl. Mater.290–293, 336–340 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Razdobarin, G.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Romanyuk, A.

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rubel, M.

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rudakov, D.

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ryzhkov, I. V.

V. Voitsenya, A. F. Bardamid, V. N. Bondarenko, W. Jacob, V. G. Konovalov, S. Masuzaki, O. Motojima, D. V. Orlinskij, V. L. Poperenko, I. V. Ryzhkov, A. Sagara, A. F. Shtan, S. I. Solodovchenko, and M. V. Vinnichenko, “Some problems arising due to plasma-surface interaction for operation of the in-vessel mirrors in a fusion reactor,” J. Nucl. Mater.290–293, 336–340 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sagara, A.

V. Voitsenya, A. F. Bardamid, V. N. Bondarenko, W. Jacob, V. G. Konovalov, S. Masuzaki, O. Motojima, D. V. Orlinskij, V. L. Poperenko, I. V. Ryzhkov, A. Sagara, A. F. Shtan, S. I. Solodovchenko, and M. V. Vinnichenko, “Some problems arising due to plasma-surface interaction for operation of the in-vessel mirrors in a fusion reactor,” J. Nucl. Mater.290–293, 336–340 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Samm, U.

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez, J.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sannikov, V.

A. Gorshkov, I. Bel’bas, M. Maslov, V. Sannikov, and K. Vukolov, “Laser damage investigations of Cu mirrors,” Fusion Eng. Des.74(1-4), 859–863 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Gorshkov, I. Bel’bas, V. Sannikov, and K. Vukolov, “Frequency laser damage of Mo mirrors,” Fusion Eng. Des.66–68, 865–869 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sasao, M.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schmitz, O.

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schunke, B.

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Voitsenya, V. G. Konovalov, M. F. Becker, O. Motojima, K. Narihara, and B. Schunke, “Materials selection for the in situ mirrors of laser diagnostics in fusion devices,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.70(4), 2016–2025 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sergienko, G.

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shimamoto, A.

N. Kawagoishi, H. Nisitani, E. Kondo, A. Shimamoto, and R. Tashiro, “Influence of Stress change on the fatigue behavior and fatigue life of aluminum Oxide-dispersion-strengthening copper alloy at room temperature and 350 degree,” J. Soc. Mat. Sci. Japan53(2), 182–187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shtan, A. F.

V. Voitsenya, A. F. Bardamid, V. N. Bondarenko, W. Jacob, V. G. Konovalov, S. Masuzaki, O. Motojima, D. V. Orlinskij, V. L. Poperenko, I. V. Ryzhkov, A. Sagara, A. F. Shtan, S. I. Solodovchenko, and M. V. Vinnichenko, “Some problems arising due to plasma-surface interaction for operation of the in-vessel mirrors in a fusion reactor,” J. Nucl. Mater.290–293, 336–340 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Solodovchenko, S. I.

V. Voitsenya, A. F. Bardamid, V. N. Bondarenko, W. Jacob, V. G. Konovalov, S. Masuzaki, O. Motojima, D. V. Orlinskij, V. L. Poperenko, I. V. Ryzhkov, A. Sagara, A. F. Shtan, S. I. Solodovchenko, and M. V. Vinnichenko, “Some problems arising due to plasma-surface interaction for operation of the in-vessel mirrors in a fusion reactor,” J. Nucl. Mater.290–293, 336–340 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Stangeby, P.

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sugie, T.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tashiro, R.

N. Kawagoishi, H. Nisitani, E. Kondo, A. Shimamoto, and R. Tashiro, “Influence of Stress change on the fatigue behavior and fatigue life of aluminum Oxide-dispersion-strengthening copper alloy at room temperature and 350 degree,” J. Soc. Mat. Sci. Japan53(2), 182–187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vayakis, G.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vinnichenko, M. V.

V. Voitsenya, A. F. Bardamid, V. N. Bondarenko, W. Jacob, V. G. Konovalov, S. Masuzaki, O. Motojima, D. V. Orlinskij, V. L. Poperenko, I. V. Ryzhkov, A. Sagara, A. F. Shtan, S. I. Solodovchenko, and M. V. Vinnichenko, “Some problems arising due to plasma-surface interaction for operation of the in-vessel mirrors in a fusion reactor,” J. Nucl. Mater.290–293, 336–340 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Voitsenya, V.

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Voitsenya, A. F. Bardamid, V. N. Bondarenko, W. Jacob, V. G. Konovalov, S. Masuzaki, O. Motojima, D. V. Orlinskij, V. L. Poperenko, I. V. Ryzhkov, A. Sagara, A. F. Shtan, S. I. Solodovchenko, and M. V. Vinnichenko, “Some problems arising due to plasma-surface interaction for operation of the in-vessel mirrors in a fusion reactor,” J. Nucl. Mater.290–293, 336–340 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Voitsenya, V. S.

S. Kajita, T. Hatae, and V. S. Voitsenya, “Assessment of laser transmission mirror materials for ITER edge Thomson scattering diagnostics,” J. Plasma Fusion Res.3, 032 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Orlinski, V. S. Voitsenya, and K. Y. U. Vukolov, “First mirrors for diagnostic systems of an experimental fusion reactor I. Simulation mirror tests under neutron and ion bombardment,” Plasma Dev. Oper.15(1), 33–75 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. S. Voitsenya, V. G. Konovalov, M. F. Becker, O. Motojima, K. Narihara, and B. Schunke, “Materials selection for the in situ mirrors of laser diagnostics in fusion devices,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.70(4), 2016–2025 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vukolov, K.

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Gorshkov, I. Bel’bas, M. Maslov, V. Sannikov, and K. Vukolov, “Laser damage investigations of Cu mirrors,” Fusion Eng. Des.74(1-4), 859–863 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Gorshkov, I. Bel’bas, V. Sannikov, and K. Vukolov, “Frequency laser damage of Mo mirrors,” Fusion Eng. Des.66–68, 865–869 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vukolov, K. Y. U.

D. V. Orlinski, V. S. Voitsenya, and K. Y. U. Vukolov, “First mirrors for diagnostic systems of an experimental fusion reactor I. Simulation mirror tests under neutron and ion bombardment,” Plasma Dev. Oper.15(1), 33–75 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Walker, C.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Walser, R. M.

West, W.

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wienhold, P.

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wong, C.

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Young, K.

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Fusion Eng. Des. (3)

A. Gorshkov, I. Bel’bas, M. Maslov, V. Sannikov, and K. Vukolov, “Laser damage investigations of Cu mirrors,” Fusion Eng. Des.74(1-4), 859–863 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Gorshkov, I. Bel’bas, V. Sannikov, and K. Vukolov, “Frequency laser damage of Mo mirrors,” Fusion Eng. Des.66–68, 865–869 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Moir, “Grazing incidence liquid metal mirrors (GILMM) for radiation hardened final optics for laser inertial fusion energy power plants,” Fusion Eng. Des.51–52, 1121–1128 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

C. S. Lee, N. Koumvakalis, and M. Bass, “A theoretical model for multiple-pulse laser-induced damage to metal mirrors,” J. Appl. Phys.54(10), 5727–5731 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Nucl. Mater. (2)

A. Litnovsky, P. Wienhold, V. Philipps, G. Sergienko, O. Schmitz, A. Kirschner, A. Kreter, S. Droste, U. Samm, P. Mertens, A. H. Donné, D. Rudakov, S. Allen, R. Boivin, A. McLean, P. Stangeby, W. West, C. Wong, M. Lipa, B. Schunke, G. De Temmerman, R. Pitts, A. Costley, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, P. Oelhafen, M. Rubel, and A. Romanyuk, “Diagnostic mirrors for ITER: A material choice and the impact of erosion and deposition on their performance,” J. Nucl. Mater.363–365, 1395–1402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Voitsenya, A. F. Bardamid, V. N. Bondarenko, W. Jacob, V. G. Konovalov, S. Masuzaki, O. Motojima, D. V. Orlinskij, V. L. Poperenko, I. V. Ryzhkov, A. Sagara, A. F. Shtan, S. I. Solodovchenko, and M. V. Vinnichenko, “Some problems arising due to plasma-surface interaction for operation of the in-vessel mirrors in a fusion reactor,” J. Nucl. Mater.290–293, 336–340 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Plasma Fusion Res. (1)

S. Kajita, T. Hatae, and V. S. Voitsenya, “Assessment of laser transmission mirror materials for ITER edge Thomson scattering diagnostics,” J. Plasma Fusion Res.3, 032 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Soc. Mat. Sci. Japan (1)

N. Kawagoishi, H. Nisitani, E. Kondo, A. Shimamoto, and R. Tashiro, “Influence of Stress change on the fatigue behavior and fatigue life of aluminum Oxide-dispersion-strengthening copper alloy at room temperature and 350 degree,” J. Soc. Mat. Sci. Japan53(2), 182–187 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Fusion (1)

A. J. H. Donné, A. E. Costley, R. Barnsley, H. Bindslev, R. Boivin, G. Conway, R. Fisher, R. Giannella, H. Hartfuss, M. G. Hellermann, E. Hodgson, L. C. Ingesson, K. Itami, D. Johnson, Y. Kawano, T. Kondoh, A. Krasilnikov, Y. Kusama, A. Litnovsky, P. Lotte, P. Nielsen, T. Nishitani, F. Orsitto, B. J. Peterson, G. Razdobarin, J. Sanchez, M. Sasao, T. Sugie, G. Vayakis, V. Voitsenya, K. Vukolov, C. Walker, K. Young, and I. T. P. A. T. G. Diagnostics, “Chapter 7: diagnostics,” Nucl. Fusion47(6), S337–S384 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Plasma Dev. Oper. (1)

D. V. Orlinski, V. S. Voitsenya, and K. Y. U. Vukolov, “First mirrors for diagnostic systems of an experimental fusion reactor I. Simulation mirror tests under neutron and ion bombardment,” Plasma Dev. Oper.15(1), 33–75 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

V. S. Voitsenya, V. G. Konovalov, M. F. Becker, O. Motojima, K. Narihara, and B. Schunke, “Materials selection for the in situ mirrors of laser diagnostics in fusion devices,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.70(4), 2016–2025 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

R. M. Wood, Laser Damage in Optical Materials (IOP Publishing, 1986).

S. Kohara, Kinzoku Zairyou Gairon (Introduction to Metal Material), (Asakura, 1991). [in Japanese]

S. J. Zinkle, “DOE/ER-0313/16, Semiannual Progress Report,” (Oak Ridge National Lab, 1994).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

A schematic of the measurements setup for finding a multi-pulse laser damage threshold.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Temporal evolution of the specularly reflected laser power, (i)OFHC-Cu, 1.6J /cm2.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Multi-pulse LIDT (closed circles), and single shot LIDT (a closed square) of OFHC-Cu mirror. The line shows the fitted line for multi-pulse LIDTs.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Multi-pulse LIDT and the fitting of Cu mirrors.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Multi-pulse LIDT of ODSC mirrors.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(vii) For polished ODSC mirror, the SEM image of the state of the rough surface damage.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Temporal evolution of the reflected laser power for rough sample. (vii) Polished ODSC 1.1 J/cm2.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Multi-pulse LIDT of Ag mirrors.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Roughness and Hardness of Cu and Ag Mirror Samples

Tables Icon

Table 2 Expected Multi-pulse LIDT of 107 and 109 Pulse for Cu and Ag Mirrors

Equations (1)

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F N = F 1 N s1 ,

Metrics