Abstract

A narrow filtering technique based on the spectral overlapping of two uniform FBGs and applied to obtain a Single Longitudinal Mode (SLM) laser is proposed and demonstrated in this work. The two FBGs are spectrally detuned to reduce their coincident reflection response narrowing the equivalent filter bandwidth. A proof-of-concept linear laser has been built and tested exhibiting SLM operation even with temperature and strain variations.

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References

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  1. A. Bellemare, “Continuous-wave silica-based erbium-doped fibre lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron.27(4), 211–266 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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  3. M. A. Quintela, R. A. Perez-Herrera, I. Canales, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, and J. M. Lopez-Higuer, “Stabilization of dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring lasers by single-mode operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(6), 368–370 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. G. A. Ball and W. W. Morey, “Continuously tunable single-mode erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.17(6), 420–422 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. Pradhan, G. E. Town, and K. J. Grant, “Dual-wavelength DBR fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(16), 1741–1743 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. A. Perez-Herrera, S. Chen, W. Zhao, T. Sun, K. T. V. Grattan, and M. Lopez-Amo, “Stability performance of short cavity Er-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun.283(6), 1067–1070 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Shen, Y. Qiu, B. Wu, W. Zhao, S. Chen, T. Sun, and K. T. V. Grattan, “Short cavity single frequency fiber laser for in-situ sensing applications over a wide temperature range,” Opt. Express15(2), 363–370 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. X. He, X. Fang, C. Liao, D. N. Wang, and J. Sun, “A tunable and switchable single-longitudinal-mode dual-wavelength fiber laser with a simple linear cavity,” Opt. Express17(24), 21773–21781 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, “Novel method for high resolution measurement of laser output spectrum,” Electron. Lett.16(16), 630–631 (1980).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (2)

M. A. Quintela, R. A. Perez-Herrera, I. Canales, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, and J. M. Lopez-Higuer, “Stabilization of dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring lasers by single-mode operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(6), 368–370 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Perez-Herrera, S. Chen, W. Zhao, T. Sun, K. T. V. Grattan, and M. Lopez-Amo, “Stability performance of short cavity Er-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun.283(6), 1067–1070 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

S. Pradhan, G. E. Town, and K. J. Grant, “Dual-wavelength DBR fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(16), 1741–1743 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

A. Bellemare, “Continuous-wave silica-based erbium-doped fibre lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron.27(4), 211–266 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

M. Ibsen, B. J. Eggleton, M. G. Sceats, and F. Ouellette, “Broadly tunable DBR fibre laser using sampled fibre Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett.31(1), 37–38 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

G. A. Ball and W. W. Morey, “Continuously tunable single-mode erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.17(6), 420–422 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. Zyskind, V. Mizrahi, D. J. DiGiovanni, and J. W. Sulhoff, “Short single frequency erbium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett.28(15), 1385–1387 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, “Novel method for high resolution measurement of laser output spectrum,” Electron. Lett.16(16), 630–631 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Ball, G. A.

Bellemare, A.

A. Bellemare, “Continuous-wave silica-based erbium-doped fibre lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron.27(4), 211–266 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Canales, I.

M. A. Quintela, R. A. Perez-Herrera, I. Canales, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, and J. M. Lopez-Higuer, “Stabilization of dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring lasers by single-mode operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(6), 368–370 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.

R. A. Perez-Herrera, S. Chen, W. Zhao, T. Sun, K. T. V. Grattan, and M. Lopez-Amo, “Stability performance of short cavity Er-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun.283(6), 1067–1070 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shen, Y. Qiu, B. Wu, W. Zhao, S. Chen, T. Sun, and K. T. V. Grattan, “Short cavity single frequency fiber laser for in-situ sensing applications over a wide temperature range,” Opt. Express15(2), 363–370 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DiGiovanni, D. J.

J. L. Zyskind, V. Mizrahi, D. J. DiGiovanni, and J. W. Sulhoff, “Short single frequency erbium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett.28(15), 1385–1387 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

M. Ibsen, B. J. Eggleton, M. G. Sceats, and F. Ouellette, “Broadly tunable DBR fibre laser using sampled fibre Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett.31(1), 37–38 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fang, X.

Fernandez-Vallejo, M.

M. A. Quintela, R. A. Perez-Herrera, I. Canales, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, and J. M. Lopez-Higuer, “Stabilization of dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring lasers by single-mode operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(6), 368–370 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Geng, J.

Grant, K. J.

S. Pradhan, G. E. Town, and K. J. Grant, “Dual-wavelength DBR fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(16), 1741–1743 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Grattan, K. T. V.

R. A. Perez-Herrera, S. Chen, W. Zhao, T. Sun, K. T. V. Grattan, and M. Lopez-Amo, “Stability performance of short cavity Er-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun.283(6), 1067–1070 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shen, Y. Qiu, B. Wu, W. Zhao, S. Chen, T. Sun, and K. T. V. Grattan, “Short cavity single frequency fiber laser for in-situ sensing applications over a wide temperature range,” Opt. Express15(2), 363–370 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, X.

Hu, Y.

Ibsen, M.

M. Ibsen, B. J. Eggleton, M. G. Sceats, and F. Ouellette, “Broadly tunable DBR fibre laser using sampled fibre Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett.31(1), 37–38 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, S.

Kaneda, Y.

Kang, J. U.

Kikuchi, K.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, “Novel method for high resolution measurement of laser output spectrum,” Electron. Lett.16(16), 630–631 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Liao, C.

Lopez-Amo, M.

R. A. Perez-Herrera, S. Chen, W. Zhao, T. Sun, K. T. V. Grattan, and M. Lopez-Amo, “Stability performance of short cavity Er-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun.283(6), 1067–1070 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Quintela, R. A. Perez-Herrera, I. Canales, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, and J. M. Lopez-Higuer, “Stabilization of dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring lasers by single-mode operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(6), 368–370 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lopez-Higuer, J. M.

M. A. Quintela, R. A. Perez-Herrera, I. Canales, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, and J. M. Lopez-Higuer, “Stabilization of dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring lasers by single-mode operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(6), 368–370 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mizrahi, V.

J. L. Zyskind, V. Mizrahi, D. J. DiGiovanni, and J. W. Sulhoff, “Short single frequency erbium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett.28(15), 1385–1387 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Morey, W. W.

Nakayama, A.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, “Novel method for high resolution measurement of laser output spectrum,” Electron. Lett.16(16), 630–631 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Okoshi, T.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, “Novel method for high resolution measurement of laser output spectrum,” Electron. Lett.16(16), 630–631 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Ouellette, F.

M. Ibsen, B. J. Eggleton, M. G. Sceats, and F. Ouellette, “Broadly tunable DBR fibre laser using sampled fibre Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett.31(1), 37–38 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pan, S.

Perez-Herrera, R. A.

R. A. Perez-Herrera, S. Chen, W. Zhao, T. Sun, K. T. V. Grattan, and M. Lopez-Amo, “Stability performance of short cavity Er-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun.283(6), 1067–1070 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Quintela, R. A. Perez-Herrera, I. Canales, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, and J. M. Lopez-Higuer, “Stabilization of dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring lasers by single-mode operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(6), 368–370 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

Pradhan, S.

S. Pradhan, G. E. Town, and K. J. Grant, “Dual-wavelength DBR fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(16), 1741–1743 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, Y.

Quintela, M. A.

M. A. Quintela, R. A. Perez-Herrera, I. Canales, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, and J. M. Lopez-Higuer, “Stabilization of dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring lasers by single-mode operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(6), 368–370 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sceats, M. G.

M. Ibsen, B. J. Eggleton, M. G. Sceats, and F. Ouellette, “Broadly tunable DBR fibre laser using sampled fibre Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett.31(1), 37–38 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y.

Spiegelberg, C.

Sulhoff, J. W.

J. L. Zyskind, V. Mizrahi, D. J. DiGiovanni, and J. W. Sulhoff, “Short single frequency erbium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett.28(15), 1385–1387 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sun, J.

Sun, T.

R. A. Perez-Herrera, S. Chen, W. Zhao, T. Sun, K. T. V. Grattan, and M. Lopez-Amo, “Stability performance of short cavity Er-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun.283(6), 1067–1070 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shen, Y. Qiu, B. Wu, W. Zhao, S. Chen, T. Sun, and K. T. V. Grattan, “Short cavity single frequency fiber laser for in-situ sensing applications over a wide temperature range,” Opt. Express15(2), 363–370 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Town, G. E.

S. Pradhan, G. E. Town, and K. J. Grant, “Dual-wavelength DBR fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(16), 1741–1743 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D. N.

Wu, B.

Yao, J.

Zhang, K.

Zhao, W.

R. A. Perez-Herrera, S. Chen, W. Zhao, T. Sun, K. T. V. Grattan, and M. Lopez-Amo, “Stability performance of short cavity Er-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun.283(6), 1067–1070 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shen, Y. Qiu, B. Wu, W. Zhao, S. Chen, T. Sun, and K. T. V. Grattan, “Short cavity single frequency fiber laser for in-situ sensing applications over a wide temperature range,” Opt. Express15(2), 363–370 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zyskind, J. L.

J. L. Zyskind, V. Mizrahi, D. J. DiGiovanni, and J. W. Sulhoff, “Short single frequency erbium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett.28(15), 1385–1387 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

J. L. Zyskind, V. Mizrahi, D. J. DiGiovanni, and J. W. Sulhoff, “Short single frequency erbium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett.28(15), 1385–1387 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Ibsen, B. J. Eggleton, M. G. Sceats, and F. Ouellette, “Broadly tunable DBR fibre laser using sampled fibre Bragg gratings,” Electron. Lett.31(1), 37–38 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, “Novel method for high resolution measurement of laser output spectrum,” Electron. Lett.16(16), 630–631 (1980).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

M. A. Quintela, R. A. Perez-Herrera, I. Canales, M. Fernandez-Vallejo, M. Lopez-Amo, and J. M. Lopez-Higuer, “Stabilization of dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring lasers by single-mode operation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(6), 368–370 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Pradhan, G. E. Town, and K. J. Grant, “Dual-wavelength DBR fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(16), 1741–1743 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. A. Perez-Herrera, S. Chen, W. Zhao, T. Sun, K. T. V. Grattan, and M. Lopez-Amo, “Stability performance of short cavity Er-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Commun.283(6), 1067–1070 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Bellemare, “Continuous-wave silica-based erbium-doped fibre lasers,” Prog. Quantum Electron.27(4), 211–266 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. López-Higuera, ed., Handbook of optical fibre sensing technology (Wiley& Sons, 2002)

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

One FBG is detuned (dashed line) in terms of the other (dotted line). The overlapped spectrum (solid line) gives rise to a filter narrower than both individual FBGs.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Employed setup during the fabrication process. The DBR fiber laser structure is also shown: two uniform FBGs of 9 mm length were inscribed into Er-doped fiber with a distance between them of 40 mm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SLM operation measured at 25°C. The laser signal is mixed with a TLS source obtaining a single peak.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Linewidth of 4.5 kHz (3dB) measured using self-heterodyne detection with a modulation frequency of 1GHz (left). Wavelength stability (62.2MHz) of both orthogonal polarization modes measured during 10 minutes.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured OSNR for a 26dBm power pump (left) and power stability measured during 1 hour (right).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Emitted wavelength displacement during the temperature sweep (left) and the two orthogonal polarization modes at the extreme temperatures (0°C and 100°C) (right).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Emitted wavelength displacement during the strain sweep (left). The two orthogonal polarization modes are depicted in both extremes (right).

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