Abstract

We report on the vector nature of rectangular pulse operating in dissipative soliton resonance (DSR) region in a passively mode-locked fiber laser. Apart from the typical signatures of DSR, the rectangular pulse trapping of two polarization components centered at different wavelengths was observed and they propagated as a group-velocity locked vector soliton. Moreover, the polarization resolved soliton spectra show different spectral distributions. The observed results will enhance the understanding of fundamental physics of DSR phenomenon.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  7. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and Ph. Grelu, “Roadmap to ultra-short record high-energy pulses out of laser oscillators,” Phys. Lett. A372(17), 3124–3128 (2008).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2013

2012

2011

2010

Ph. Grelu, W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonance as a guideline for high-energy pulse laser oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(11), 2336–2341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, “Pulse evolution without wave breaking in a strongly dissipative-dispersive laser system,” Phys. Rev. A81(5), 053819 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Soliton–similariton fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics4(5), 307–311 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and Ph. Grelu, “Roadmap to ultra-short record high-energy pulses out of laser oscillators,” Phys. Lett. A372(17), 3124–3128 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A78(2), 023830 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and N. Xiang, “Coherent energy exchange between components of a vector soliton in fiber lasers,” Opt. Express16(17), 12618–12623 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(15), 153904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A71(5), 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92(21), 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, C. Lu, W. S. Man, and H. Y. Tam, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A66(3), 033806 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and G. Town, “Pulsating solitons, chaotic solitons, period doubling, and pulse coexistence in mode-locked lasers: Complex Ginzburg - Landau equation approach,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.63(5), 056602 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1992

S. M. J. Kelly, “Characteristic sideband instability of periodically amplified average soliton,” Electron. Lett.28(8), 806–807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1988

1987

1980

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, and J. G. Gordon, “Experimental observation of picosecond pulse narrowing and solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.45(13), 1095–1098 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Akhmediev, N.

Ph. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics6(2), 84–92 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Grelu, W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonance as a guideline for high-energy pulse laser oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(11), 2336–2341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A79(3), 033840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and Ph. Grelu, “Roadmap to ultra-short record high-energy pulses out of laser oscillators,” Phys. Lett. A372(17), 3124–3128 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A78(2), 023830 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and G. Town, “Pulsating solitons, chaotic solitons, period doubling, and pulse coexistence in mode-locked lasers: Complex Ginzburg - Landau equation approach,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.63(5), 056602 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akhmediev, N. N.

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ankiewicz, A.

Ph. Grelu, W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonance as a guideline for high-energy pulse laser oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(11), 2336–2341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A79(3), 033840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A78(2), 023830 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bergman, K.

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Buckley, J. R.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92(21), 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cai, Z. R.

Cao, W. J.

Chang, W.

Ph. Grelu, W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonance as a guideline for high-energy pulse laser oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(11), 2336–2341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A79(3), 033840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A78(2), 023830 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chong, A.

Clark, W. G.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92(21), 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Collings, B. C.

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S. T.

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ding, E.

Duan, L.

Gordon, J. G.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, and J. G. Gordon, “Experimental observation of picosecond pulse narrowing and solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.45(13), 1095–1098 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Grelu, Ph.

Ph. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics6(2), 84–92 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Ding, Ph. Grelu, and J. N. Kutz, “Dissipative soliton resonance in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.36(7), 1146–1148 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ph. Grelu, W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonance as a guideline for high-energy pulse laser oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(11), 2336–2341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and Ph. Grelu, “Roadmap to ultra-short record high-energy pulses out of laser oscillators,” Phys. Lett. A372(17), 3124–3128 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ilday, F. Ö.

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Soliton–similariton fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics4(5), 307–311 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92(21), 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kelly, S. M. J.

S. M. J. Kelly, “Characteristic sideband instability of periodically amplified average soliton,” Electron. Lett.28(8), 806–807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kieu, K.

Knox, W. H.

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Komarov, A.

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A71(5), 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kutz, J. N.

Leblond, H.

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A71(5), 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Z. B.

Liu, X.

X. Liu, “Pulse evolution without wave breaking in a strongly dissipative-dispersive laser system,” Phys. Rev. A81(5), 053819 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. M.

Lu, C.

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, C. Lu, W. S. Man, and H. Y. Tam, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A66(3), 033806 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lu, H.

Luo, A. P.

Luo, Z. C.

Man, W. S.

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, C. Lu, W. S. Man, and H. Y. Tam, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A66(3), 033806 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mao, D.

Menyuk, C. R.

Mollenauer, L. F.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, and J. G. Gordon, “Experimental observation of picosecond pulse narrowing and solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.45(13), 1095–1098 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Mou, C.

Ning, Q. Y.

S. K. Wang, Q. Y. Ning, A. P. Luo, Z. B. Lin, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Dissipative soliton resonance in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Opt. Express21(2), 2402–2407 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Y. Ning, S. K. Wang, A. P. Luo, Z. B. Lin, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Bright–dark pulse pair in a figure-eight dispersion-managed passively mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J.4(5), 1647–1652 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Oktem, B.

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Soliton–similariton fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics4(5), 307–311 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Renninger, W. H.

Rozhin, A.

Sanchez, F.

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A71(5), 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sergeyev, S.

Shen, D. Y.

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, C. Lu, W. S. Man, and H. Y. Tam, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A66(3), 033806 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

Ph. Grelu, W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonance as a guideline for high-energy pulse laser oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(11), 2336–2341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A79(3), 033840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and Ph. Grelu, “Roadmap to ultra-short record high-energy pulses out of laser oscillators,” Phys. Lett. A372(17), 3124–3128 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A78(2), 023830 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and G. Town, “Pulsating solitons, chaotic solitons, period doubling, and pulse coexistence in mode-locked lasers: Complex Ginzburg - Landau equation approach,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.63(5), 056602 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, and J. G. Gordon, “Experimental observation of picosecond pulse narrowing and solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.45(13), 1095–1098 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Tam, H. Y.

Tang, D. Y.

Town, G.

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and G. Town, “Pulsating solitons, chaotic solitons, period doubling, and pulse coexistence in mode-locked lasers: Complex Ginzburg - Landau equation approach,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.63(5), 056602 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Turistyn, S.

Ülgüdür, C.

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Soliton–similariton fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics4(5), 307–311 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G.

Wang, L.

Wang, S. K.

S. K. Wang, Q. Y. Ning, A. P. Luo, Z. B. Lin, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Dissipative soliton resonance in a passively mode-locked figure-eight fiber laser,” Opt. Express21(2), 2402–2407 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Y. Ning, S. K. Wang, A. P. Luo, Z. B. Lin, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Bright–dark pulse pair in a figure-eight dispersion-managed passively mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J.4(5), 1647–1652 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F. W.

K. Kieu, W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Sub-100 fs pulses at watt-level powers from a dissipative-soliton fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.34(5), 593–595 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92(21), 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, X.

Xiang, N.

Xu, W. C.

Zhang, H.

Zhao, B.

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, C. Lu, W. S. Man, and H. Y. Tam, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A66(3), 033806 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, L. M.

Electron. Lett.

S. M. J. Kelly, “Characteristic sideband instability of periodically amplified average soliton,” Electron. Lett.28(8), 806–807 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J.

Q. Y. Ning, S. K. Wang, A. P. Luo, Z. B. Lin, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Bright–dark pulse pair in a figure-eight dispersion-managed passively mode-locked fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. J.4(5), 1647–1652 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nat. Photonics

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Soliton–similariton fiber laser,” Nat. Photonics4(5), 307–311 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics6(2), 84–92 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Lett. A

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and Ph. Grelu, “Roadmap to ultra-short record high-energy pulses out of laser oscillators,” Phys. Lett. A372(17), 3124–3128 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

W. Chang, A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances,” Phys. Rev. A78(2), 023830 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Chang, J. M. Soto-Crespo, A. Ankiewicz, and N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative soliton resonances in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A79(3), 033840 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang, B. Zhao, D. Y. Shen, C. Lu, W. S. Man, and H. Y. Tam, “Bound-soliton fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A66(3), 033806 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A71(5), 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, “Pulse evolution without wave breaking in a strongly dissipative-dispersive laser system,” Phys. Rev. A81(5), 053819 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and G. Town, “Pulsating solitons, chaotic solitons, period doubling, and pulse coexistence in mode-locked lasers: Complex Ginzburg - Landau equation approach,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.63(5), 056602 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett.92(21), 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the polarization-insensitive figure-eight fiber laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Typical spectrum of DSR pulse; (b) pulse trains under the pump power of 190 mW and 250 mW.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Pulse profile evolution with decreasing pump power; (b) pulse width and output power versus pump power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Vector nature of DSR pulse at the pump power of 100 mW. (a) Polarization-resolved spectra; (b) Autocorrelation traces.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Vector characteristics of DSR pulse at the pump power of 300 mW. (a) Polarization-resolved spectra; (b) Oscilloscope traces.

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