Abstract

Robust, long-lived optical quantum memories are important components of many quantum information and communication protocols. We demonstrate coherent generation, storage, and retrieval of excitations on a long-lived spin transition via spontaneous Raman scattering in a rare-earth ion-doped crystal. We further study the time dynamics of the optical correlations in this system. This is the first demonstration of its kind in a solid and an enabling step toward realizing a solid-state quantum repeater.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

I. Usmani, C. Clausen, F. Bussieres, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, and N. Gisin, “Heralded quantum entanglement between two crystals,” Nat. Photonics6, 234–237 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

C. Clausen, I. Usmani, F. Bussières, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum storage of photonic entanglement in a crystal,” Nature469, 508–511 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Saglamyurek, N. Sinclair, J. Jin, J. A. Slater, D. Oblak, F. Bussières, M. George, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, and W. Tittel, “Broadband waveguide quantum memory for entangled photons,” Nature469, 512–515 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. S. Ham and J. Hahn, “Dichromatic light halting using double spin coherence gratings,” New J. Phys.13, 083012 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

P. M. Ledingham, W. R. Naylor, J. J. Longdell, S. E. Beavan, and M. J. Sellars, “Nonclassical photon streams using rephased amplified spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. A81, 012301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Hedges, J. J. Longdell, Y. Li, and M. J. Sellars, “Efficient quantum memory for light,” Nature465, 1052–1056 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Afzelius, I. Usmani, A. Amari, B. Lauritzen, A. Walther, C. Simon, N. Sangouard, J. Minář, H. de Riedmatten, N. Gisin, and S. Kröll, “Demonstration of atomic frequency comb memory for light with spin-wave storage,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 040503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Radnaev, Y. O. Dudin, R. Zhao, H. H. Jen, S. D. Jenkins, A. Kuzmich, and T. A. B. Kennedy, “A quantum memory with telecom-wavelength conversion” Nat. Phys.6, 894–899 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

A. I. Lvovsky, B. C. Sanders, and W. Tittel, “Optical quantum memory,” Nat. Photonics3, 706–714 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Beavan, E. Fraval, M. J. Sellars, and J. J. Longdell, “Demonstration of the reduction of decoherent errors in a solid-state qubit using dynamic decoupling techniques,” Phys. Rev. A80, 032308 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

J. J. Longdell, A. L. Alexander, and M. J. Sellars, “Characterization of the hyperfine interaction in europium-doped yttrium orthosilicate and europium chloride hexahydrate,” Phys. Rev. B74, 195101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Laurat, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, C.-W. Chou, E. W. Schomburg, and H. J. Kimble, “Efficient retrieval of a single excitation stored in an atomic ensemble,” Opt. Express14, 6912–6918 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (4)

J. J. Longdell, E. Fraval, M. J. Sellars, and N. B. Manson, “Stopped light with storage times greater than one second using electromagnetically induced transparency in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Fraval, M. J. Sellars, and J. J. Longdell, “Dynamic decoherence control of a solid-state nuclear-quadrupole qubit,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95, 030506 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, S. V. Polyakov, and H. J. Kimble, “Control of decoherence in the generation of photon pairs from atomic ensembles,” Phys. Rev. A72, 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Balić, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of paired photons with controllable waveforms,” Phys. Rev. Lett.94, 183601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

M. Nilsson, L. Rippe, S. Kröll, R. Klieber, and D. Suter, “Hole-burning techniques for isolation and study of individual hyperfine transitions in inhomogeneously broadened solids demonstrated in Pr3+:Y2SiO5,” Phys. Rev. B70, 214116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature423, 731–734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature414, 413–418 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (2)

G. J. Pryde, M. J. Sellars, and N. B. Manson, “Solid state coherent transient measurements using hard optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.84, 1152–1155 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. S. Ham and P. R. Hemmer, “Coherence Switching in a Four-Level System: Quantum Switching,” Phys. Rev. Lett.84, 4080–4083 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (2)

1995 (1)

R. W. Equall, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, “Homogeneous broadening and hyperfine structure of optical transitions in Pr3+:Y2SiO5,” Phys. Rev. B52, 3963–3969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Afzelius, M.

I. Usmani, C. Clausen, F. Bussieres, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, and N. Gisin, “Heralded quantum entanglement between two crystals,” Nat. Photonics6, 234–237 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Clausen, I. Usmani, F. Bussières, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum storage of photonic entanglement in a crystal,” Nature469, 508–511 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Afzelius, I. Usmani, A. Amari, B. Lauritzen, A. Walther, C. Simon, N. Sangouard, J. Minář, H. de Riedmatten, N. Gisin, and S. Kröll, “Demonstration of atomic frequency comb memory for light with spin-wave storage,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 040503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alexander, A. L.

J. J. Longdell, A. L. Alexander, and M. J. Sellars, “Characterization of the hyperfine interaction in europium-doped yttrium orthosilicate and europium chloride hexahydrate,” Phys. Rev. B74, 195101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Amari, A.

M. Afzelius, I. Usmani, A. Amari, B. Lauritzen, A. Walther, C. Simon, N. Sangouard, J. Minář, H. de Riedmatten, N. Gisin, and S. Kröll, “Demonstration of atomic frequency comb memory for light with spin-wave storage,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 040503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balic, V.

V. Balić, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of paired photons with controllable waveforms,” Phys. Rev. Lett.94, 183601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Beavan, S. E.

P. M. Ledingham, W. R. Naylor, J. J. Longdell, S. E. Beavan, and M. J. Sellars, “Nonclassical photon streams using rephased amplified spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. A81, 012301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Beavan, E. Fraval, M. J. Sellars, and J. J. Longdell, “Demonstration of the reduction of decoherent errors in a solid-state qubit using dynamic decoupling techniques,” Phys. Rev. A80, 032308 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boca, A.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature423, 731–734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boozer, A. D.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature423, 731–734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bowen, W. P.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature423, 731–734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Braje, D. A.

V. Balić, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of paired photons with controllable waveforms,” Phys. Rev. Lett.94, 183601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bussieres, F.

I. Usmani, C. Clausen, F. Bussieres, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, and N. Gisin, “Heralded quantum entanglement between two crystals,” Nat. Photonics6, 234–237 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bussières, F.

E. Saglamyurek, N. Sinclair, J. Jin, J. A. Slater, D. Oblak, F. Bussières, M. George, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, and W. Tittel, “Broadband waveguide quantum memory for entangled photons,” Nature469, 512–515 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Clausen, I. Usmani, F. Bussières, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum storage of photonic entanglement in a crystal,” Nature469, 508–511 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chou, C. W.

D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, S. V. Polyakov, and H. J. Kimble, “Control of decoherence in the generation of photon pairs from atomic ensembles,” Phys. Rev. A72, 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature423, 731–734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chou, C.-W.

Cirac, J. I.

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature414, 413–418 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clausen, C.

I. Usmani, C. Clausen, F. Bussieres, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, and N. Gisin, “Heralded quantum entanglement between two crystals,” Nat. Photonics6, 234–237 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Clausen, I. Usmani, F. Bussières, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum storage of photonic entanglement in a crystal,” Nature469, 508–511 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cone, R. L.

R. W. Equall, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, “Homogeneous broadening and hyperfine structure of optical transitions in Pr3+:Y2SiO5,” Phys. Rev. B52, 3963–3969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

de Riedmatten, H.

C. Clausen, I. Usmani, F. Bussières, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum storage of photonic entanglement in a crystal,” Nature469, 508–511 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Afzelius, I. Usmani, A. Amari, B. Lauritzen, A. Walther, C. Simon, N. Sangouard, J. Minář, H. de Riedmatten, N. Gisin, and S. Kröll, “Demonstration of atomic frequency comb memory for light with spin-wave storage,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 040503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Laurat, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, C.-W. Chou, E. W. Schomburg, and H. J. Kimble, “Efficient retrieval of a single excitation stored in an atomic ensemble,” Opt. Express14, 6912–6918 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, S. V. Polyakov, and H. J. Kimble, “Control of decoherence in the generation of photon pairs from atomic ensembles,” Phys. Rev. A72, 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Duan, L.-M.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature423, 731–734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature414, 413–418 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dudin, Y. O.

A. G. Radnaev, Y. O. Dudin, R. Zhao, H. H. Jen, S. D. Jenkins, A. Kuzmich, and T. A. B. Kennedy, “A quantum memory with telecom-wavelength conversion” Nat. Phys.6, 894–899 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Equall, R. W.

R. W. Equall, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, “Homogeneous broadening and hyperfine structure of optical transitions in Pr3+:Y2SiO5,” Phys. Rev. B52, 3963–3969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Felinto, D.

J. Laurat, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, C.-W. Chou, E. W. Schomburg, and H. J. Kimble, “Efficient retrieval of a single excitation stored in an atomic ensemble,” Opt. Express14, 6912–6918 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, S. V. Polyakov, and H. J. Kimble, “Control of decoherence in the generation of photon pairs from atomic ensembles,” Phys. Rev. A72, 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fraval, E.

S. E. Beavan, E. Fraval, M. J. Sellars, and J. J. Longdell, “Demonstration of the reduction of decoherent errors in a solid-state qubit using dynamic decoupling techniques,” Phys. Rev. A80, 032308 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Fraval, M. J. Sellars, and J. J. Longdell, “Dynamic decoherence control of a solid-state nuclear-quadrupole qubit,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95, 030506 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Longdell, E. Fraval, M. J. Sellars, and N. B. Manson, “Stopped light with storage times greater than one second using electromagnetically induced transparency in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

George, M.

E. Saglamyurek, N. Sinclair, J. Jin, J. A. Slater, D. Oblak, F. Bussières, M. George, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, and W. Tittel, “Broadband waveguide quantum memory for entangled photons,” Nature469, 512–515 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gisin, N.

I. Usmani, C. Clausen, F. Bussieres, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, and N. Gisin, “Heralded quantum entanglement between two crystals,” Nat. Photonics6, 234–237 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Clausen, I. Usmani, F. Bussières, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum storage of photonic entanglement in a crystal,” Nature469, 508–511 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Afzelius, I. Usmani, A. Amari, B. Lauritzen, A. Walther, C. Simon, N. Sangouard, J. Minář, H. de Riedmatten, N. Gisin, and S. Kröll, “Demonstration of atomic frequency comb memory for light with spin-wave storage,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 040503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hahn, J.

B. S. Ham and J. Hahn, “Dichromatic light halting using double spin coherence gratings,” New J. Phys.13, 083012 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ham, B. S.

Harris, S. E.

V. Balić, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of paired photons with controllable waveforms,” Phys. Rev. Lett.94, 183601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hedges, M. P.

M. P. Hedges, J. J. Longdell, Y. Li, and M. J. Sellars, “Efficient quantum memory for light,” Nature465, 1052–1056 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hemmer, P. R.

Jen, H. H.

A. G. Radnaev, Y. O. Dudin, R. Zhao, H. H. Jen, S. D. Jenkins, A. Kuzmich, and T. A. B. Kennedy, “A quantum memory with telecom-wavelength conversion” Nat. Phys.6, 894–899 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jenkins, S. D.

A. G. Radnaev, Y. O. Dudin, R. Zhao, H. H. Jen, S. D. Jenkins, A. Kuzmich, and T. A. B. Kennedy, “A quantum memory with telecom-wavelength conversion” Nat. Phys.6, 894–899 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jin, J.

E. Saglamyurek, N. Sinclair, J. Jin, J. A. Slater, D. Oblak, F. Bussières, M. George, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, and W. Tittel, “Broadband waveguide quantum memory for entangled photons,” Nature469, 512–515 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kennedy, T. A. B.

A. G. Radnaev, Y. O. Dudin, R. Zhao, H. H. Jen, S. D. Jenkins, A. Kuzmich, and T. A. B. Kennedy, “A quantum memory with telecom-wavelength conversion” Nat. Phys.6, 894–899 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M. K.

Kimble, H. J.

J. Laurat, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, C.-W. Chou, E. W. Schomburg, and H. J. Kimble, “Efficient retrieval of a single excitation stored in an atomic ensemble,” Opt. Express14, 6912–6918 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, S. V. Polyakov, and H. J. Kimble, “Control of decoherence in the generation of photon pairs from atomic ensembles,” Phys. Rev. A72, 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature423, 731–734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klieber, R.

M. Nilsson, L. Rippe, S. Kröll, R. Klieber, and D. Suter, “Hole-burning techniques for isolation and study of individual hyperfine transitions in inhomogeneously broadened solids demonstrated in Pr3+:Y2SiO5,” Phys. Rev. B70, 214116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kolchin, P.

V. Balić, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of paired photons with controllable waveforms,” Phys. Rev. Lett.94, 183601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kröll, S.

M. Afzelius, I. Usmani, A. Amari, B. Lauritzen, A. Walther, C. Simon, N. Sangouard, J. Minář, H. de Riedmatten, N. Gisin, and S. Kröll, “Demonstration of atomic frequency comb memory for light with spin-wave storage,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 040503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nilsson, L. Rippe, S. Kröll, R. Klieber, and D. Suter, “Hole-burning techniques for isolation and study of individual hyperfine transitions in inhomogeneously broadened solids demonstrated in Pr3+:Y2SiO5,” Phys. Rev. B70, 214116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kuzmich, A.

A. G. Radnaev, Y. O. Dudin, R. Zhao, H. H. Jen, S. D. Jenkins, A. Kuzmich, and T. A. B. Kennedy, “A quantum memory with telecom-wavelength conversion” Nat. Phys.6, 894–899 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature423, 731–734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laurat, J.

Lauritzen, B.

M. Afzelius, I. Usmani, A. Amari, B. Lauritzen, A. Walther, C. Simon, N. Sangouard, J. Minář, H. de Riedmatten, N. Gisin, and S. Kröll, “Demonstration of atomic frequency comb memory for light with spin-wave storage,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 040503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ledingham, P. M.

P. M. Ledingham, W. R. Naylor, J. J. Longdell, S. E. Beavan, and M. J. Sellars, “Nonclassical photon streams using rephased amplified spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. A81, 012301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

M. P. Hedges, J. J. Longdell, Y. Li, and M. J. Sellars, “Efficient quantum memory for light,” Nature465, 1052–1056 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Longdell, J. J.

M. P. Hedges, J. J. Longdell, Y. Li, and M. J. Sellars, “Efficient quantum memory for light,” Nature465, 1052–1056 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. M. Ledingham, W. R. Naylor, J. J. Longdell, S. E. Beavan, and M. J. Sellars, “Nonclassical photon streams using rephased amplified spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. A81, 012301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Beavan, E. Fraval, M. J. Sellars, and J. J. Longdell, “Demonstration of the reduction of decoherent errors in a solid-state qubit using dynamic decoupling techniques,” Phys. Rev. A80, 032308 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Longdell, A. L. Alexander, and M. J. Sellars, “Characterization of the hyperfine interaction in europium-doped yttrium orthosilicate and europium chloride hexahydrate,” Phys. Rev. B74, 195101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Fraval, M. J. Sellars, and J. J. Longdell, “Dynamic decoherence control of a solid-state nuclear-quadrupole qubit,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95, 030506 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Longdell, E. Fraval, M. J. Sellars, and N. B. Manson, “Stopped light with storage times greater than one second using electromagnetically induced transparency in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lukin, M. D.

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature414, 413–418 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lvovsky, A. I.

A. I. Lvovsky, B. C. Sanders, and W. Tittel, “Optical quantum memory,” Nat. Photonics3, 706–714 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Macfarlane, R. M.

R. W. Equall, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, “Homogeneous broadening and hyperfine structure of optical transitions in Pr3+:Y2SiO5,” Phys. Rev. B52, 3963–3969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mandel, L.

L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge University, 1995).

Manson, N. B.

J. J. Longdell, E. Fraval, M. J. Sellars, and N. B. Manson, “Stopped light with storage times greater than one second using electromagnetically induced transparency in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Pryde, M. J. Sellars, and N. B. Manson, “Solid state coherent transient measurements using hard optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.84, 1152–1155 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Minár, J.

M. Afzelius, I. Usmani, A. Amari, B. Lauritzen, A. Walther, C. Simon, N. Sangouard, J. Minář, H. de Riedmatten, N. Gisin, and S. Kröll, “Demonstration of atomic frequency comb memory for light with spin-wave storage,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 040503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Naylor, W. R.

P. M. Ledingham, W. R. Naylor, J. J. Longdell, S. E. Beavan, and M. J. Sellars, “Nonclassical photon streams using rephased amplified spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. A81, 012301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, M.

M. Nilsson, L. Rippe, S. Kröll, R. Klieber, and D. Suter, “Hole-burning techniques for isolation and study of individual hyperfine transitions in inhomogeneously broadened solids demonstrated in Pr3+:Y2SiO5,” Phys. Rev. B70, 214116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Oblak, D.

E. Saglamyurek, N. Sinclair, J. Jin, J. A. Slater, D. Oblak, F. Bussières, M. George, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, and W. Tittel, “Broadband waveguide quantum memory for entangled photons,” Nature469, 512–515 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Polyakov, S. V.

D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, S. V. Polyakov, and H. J. Kimble, “Control of decoherence in the generation of photon pairs from atomic ensembles,” Phys. Rev. A72, 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pryde, G. J.

G. J. Pryde, M. J. Sellars, and N. B. Manson, “Solid state coherent transient measurements using hard optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.84, 1152–1155 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Radnaev, A. G.

A. G. Radnaev, Y. O. Dudin, R. Zhao, H. H. Jen, S. D. Jenkins, A. Kuzmich, and T. A. B. Kennedy, “A quantum memory with telecom-wavelength conversion” Nat. Phys.6, 894–899 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ricken, R.

E. Saglamyurek, N. Sinclair, J. Jin, J. A. Slater, D. Oblak, F. Bussières, M. George, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, and W. Tittel, “Broadband waveguide quantum memory for entangled photons,” Nature469, 512–515 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rippe, L.

M. Nilsson, L. Rippe, S. Kröll, R. Klieber, and D. Suter, “Hole-burning techniques for isolation and study of individual hyperfine transitions in inhomogeneously broadened solids demonstrated in Pr3+:Y2SiO5,” Phys. Rev. B70, 214116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Saglamyurek, E.

E. Saglamyurek, N. Sinclair, J. Jin, J. A. Slater, D. Oblak, F. Bussières, M. George, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, and W. Tittel, “Broadband waveguide quantum memory for entangled photons,” Nature469, 512–515 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sanders, B. C.

A. I. Lvovsky, B. C. Sanders, and W. Tittel, “Optical quantum memory,” Nat. Photonics3, 706–714 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sangouard, N.

I. Usmani, C. Clausen, F. Bussieres, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, and N. Gisin, “Heralded quantum entanglement between two crystals,” Nat. Photonics6, 234–237 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Clausen, I. Usmani, F. Bussières, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum storage of photonic entanglement in a crystal,” Nature469, 508–511 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Afzelius, I. Usmani, A. Amari, B. Lauritzen, A. Walther, C. Simon, N. Sangouard, J. Minář, H. de Riedmatten, N. Gisin, and S. Kröll, “Demonstration of atomic frequency comb memory for light with spin-wave storage,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 040503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schomburg, E. W.

Sellars, M. J.

P. M. Ledingham, W. R. Naylor, J. J. Longdell, S. E. Beavan, and M. J. Sellars, “Nonclassical photon streams using rephased amplified spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. A81, 012301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Hedges, J. J. Longdell, Y. Li, and M. J. Sellars, “Efficient quantum memory for light,” Nature465, 1052–1056 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. E. Beavan, E. Fraval, M. J. Sellars, and J. J. Longdell, “Demonstration of the reduction of decoherent errors in a solid-state qubit using dynamic decoupling techniques,” Phys. Rev. A80, 032308 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Longdell, A. L. Alexander, and M. J. Sellars, “Characterization of the hyperfine interaction in europium-doped yttrium orthosilicate and europium chloride hexahydrate,” Phys. Rev. B74, 195101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Fraval, M. J. Sellars, and J. J. Longdell, “Dynamic decoherence control of a solid-state nuclear-quadrupole qubit,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95, 030506 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Longdell, E. Fraval, M. J. Sellars, and N. B. Manson, “Stopped light with storage times greater than one second using electromagnetically induced transparency in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Pryde, M. J. Sellars, and N. B. Manson, “Solid state coherent transient measurements using hard optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.84, 1152–1155 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shahriar, M. S.

Simon, C.

M. Afzelius, I. Usmani, A. Amari, B. Lauritzen, A. Walther, C. Simon, N. Sangouard, J. Minář, H. de Riedmatten, N. Gisin, and S. Kröll, “Demonstration of atomic frequency comb memory for light with spin-wave storage,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 040503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sinclair, N.

E. Saglamyurek, N. Sinclair, J. Jin, J. A. Slater, D. Oblak, F. Bussières, M. George, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, and W. Tittel, “Broadband waveguide quantum memory for entangled photons,” Nature469, 512–515 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Slater, J. A.

E. Saglamyurek, N. Sinclair, J. Jin, J. A. Slater, D. Oblak, F. Bussières, M. George, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, and W. Tittel, “Broadband waveguide quantum memory for entangled photons,” Nature469, 512–515 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sohler, W.

E. Saglamyurek, N. Sinclair, J. Jin, J. A. Slater, D. Oblak, F. Bussières, M. George, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, and W. Tittel, “Broadband waveguide quantum memory for entangled photons,” Nature469, 512–515 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suter, D.

M. Nilsson, L. Rippe, S. Kröll, R. Klieber, and D. Suter, “Hole-burning techniques for isolation and study of individual hyperfine transitions in inhomogeneously broadened solids demonstrated in Pr3+:Y2SiO5,” Phys. Rev. B70, 214116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, W.

E. Saglamyurek, N. Sinclair, J. Jin, J. A. Slater, D. Oblak, F. Bussières, M. George, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, and W. Tittel, “Broadband waveguide quantum memory for entangled photons,” Nature469, 512–515 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. I. Lvovsky, B. C. Sanders, and W. Tittel, “Optical quantum memory,” Nat. Photonics3, 706–714 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Usmani, I.

I. Usmani, C. Clausen, F. Bussieres, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, and N. Gisin, “Heralded quantum entanglement between two crystals,” Nat. Photonics6, 234–237 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Clausen, I. Usmani, F. Bussières, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum storage of photonic entanglement in a crystal,” Nature469, 508–511 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Afzelius, I. Usmani, A. Amari, B. Lauritzen, A. Walther, C. Simon, N. Sangouard, J. Minář, H. de Riedmatten, N. Gisin, and S. Kröll, “Demonstration of atomic frequency comb memory for light with spin-wave storage,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 040503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walther, A.

M. Afzelius, I. Usmani, A. Amari, B. Lauritzen, A. Walther, C. Simon, N. Sangouard, J. Minář, H. de Riedmatten, N. Gisin, and S. Kröll, “Demonstration of atomic frequency comb memory for light with spin-wave storage,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 040503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolf, E.

L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge University, 1995).

Yin, G. Y.

V. Balić, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of paired photons with controllable waveforms,” Phys. Rev. Lett.94, 183601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, R.

A. G. Radnaev, Y. O. Dudin, R. Zhao, H. H. Jen, S. D. Jenkins, A. Kuzmich, and T. A. B. Kennedy, “A quantum memory with telecom-wavelength conversion” Nat. Phys.6, 894–899 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zoller, P.

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature414, 413–418 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (2)

A. I. Lvovsky, B. C. Sanders, and W. Tittel, “Optical quantum memory,” Nat. Photonics3, 706–714 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Usmani, C. Clausen, F. Bussieres, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, and N. Gisin, “Heralded quantum entanglement between two crystals,” Nat. Photonics6, 234–237 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

A. G. Radnaev, Y. O. Dudin, R. Zhao, H. H. Jen, S. D. Jenkins, A. Kuzmich, and T. A. B. Kennedy, “A quantum memory with telecom-wavelength conversion” Nat. Phys.6, 894–899 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nature (5)

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, “Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Nature414, 413–418 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. P. Hedges, J. J. Longdell, Y. Li, and M. J. Sellars, “Efficient quantum memory for light,” Nature465, 1052–1056 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Clausen, I. Usmani, F. Bussières, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. de Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, “Quantum storage of photonic entanglement in a crystal,” Nature469, 508–511 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Saglamyurek, N. Sinclair, J. Jin, J. A. Slater, D. Oblak, F. Bussières, M. George, R. Ricken, W. Sohler, and W. Tittel, “Broadband waveguide quantum memory for entangled photons,” Nature469, 512–515 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, “Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles,” Nature423, 731–734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

B. S. Ham and J. Hahn, “Dichromatic light halting using double spin coherence gratings,” New J. Phys.13, 083012 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, S. V. Polyakov, and H. J. Kimble, “Control of decoherence in the generation of photon pairs from atomic ensembles,” Phys. Rev. A72, 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Beavan, E. Fraval, M. J. Sellars, and J. J. Longdell, “Demonstration of the reduction of decoherent errors in a solid-state qubit using dynamic decoupling techniques,” Phys. Rev. A80, 032308 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Ledingham, W. R. Naylor, J. J. Longdell, S. E. Beavan, and M. J. Sellars, “Nonclassical photon streams using rephased amplified spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. A81, 012301 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

J. J. Longdell, A. L. Alexander, and M. J. Sellars, “Characterization of the hyperfine interaction in europium-doped yttrium orthosilicate and europium chloride hexahydrate,” Phys. Rev. B74, 195101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Equall, R. L. Cone, and R. M. Macfarlane, “Homogeneous broadening and hyperfine structure of optical transitions in Pr3+:Y2SiO5,” Phys. Rev. B52, 3963–3969 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Nilsson, L. Rippe, S. Kröll, R. Klieber, and D. Suter, “Hole-burning techniques for isolation and study of individual hyperfine transitions in inhomogeneously broadened solids demonstrated in Pr3+:Y2SiO5,” Phys. Rev. B70, 214116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

G. J. Pryde, M. J. Sellars, and N. B. Manson, “Solid state coherent transient measurements using hard optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.84, 1152–1155 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Afzelius, I. Usmani, A. Amari, B. Lauritzen, A. Walther, C. Simon, N. Sangouard, J. Minář, H. de Riedmatten, N. Gisin, and S. Kröll, “Demonstration of atomic frequency comb memory for light with spin-wave storage,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 040503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Balić, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation of paired photons with controllable waveforms,” Phys. Rev. Lett.94, 183601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Longdell, E. Fraval, M. J. Sellars, and N. B. Manson, “Stopped light with storage times greater than one second using electromagnetically induced transparency in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95, 063601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Fraval, M. J. Sellars, and J. J. Longdell, “Dynamic decoherence control of a solid-state nuclear-quadrupole qubit,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95, 030506 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. S. Ham and P. R. Hemmer, “Coherence Switching in a Four-Level System: Quantum Switching,” Phys. Rev. Lett.84, 4080–4083 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge University, 1995).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Generation and retrieval of collective excitations in Pr3+:Y2SiO5. The write field generates one or more collective excitations, each heralded by a single photon in a correlated spatial mode. After a user-defined time delay, the read field converts stored collective excitations into photons in a particular spatial mode determined by the phase-matching condition. Doubly degenerate ground and excited hyperfine states are labeled as are the states of the double-Λ system. The third ground state is used as an auxiliary state for unwanted ions during the spectral hole-burning process.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental Setup.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

a) Mean detected heralding and retrieved (×100) photons per μs. Timing and width of write and read fields shown for reference, not to scale. Shaded bands are calculated profiles of the emission in the two channels that is correlated with correlated generation and retrieval. The widths of the bands represent the range of values that are consistent with the experimental results. b) Cross-correlation as a function of heralding (horizontal) and retrieved (vertical) detection times, th and tr. Write (read) temporal profile is fixed and shown along the heralding (retrieved) axis for reference.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

g j k ( 2 ) ( t 1 , t 2 ) = I j m ( t 1 ) I k m ( t 2 ) / I j m ( t 1 ) I k m + 1 ( t 2 )
g cross ( 2 ) = 1 + 1 + 1 n ( 1 + μ h ) ( 1 + μ r ) .

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