Abstract

The adaptive optics system for the second-generation VLT-interferometer (VLTI) instrument GRAVITY consists of a novel cryogenic near-infrared wavefront sensor to be installed at each of the four unit telescopes of the Very Large Telescope (VLT). Feeding the GRAVITY wavefront sensor with light in the 1.4 to 2.4 micrometer band, while suppressing laser light originating from the GRAVITY metrology system, custom-built optical components are required. In this paper, we present the development of a quantitative near-infrared point diffraction interferometric characterization technique, which allows measuring the transmitted wavefront error of the silicon entrance windows of the wavefront sensor cryostat. The technique can be readily applied to quantitative phase measurements in the near-infrared regime. Moreover, by employing a slightly off-axis optical setup, the proposed method can optimize the required spatial resolution and enable real time measurement capabilities. The feasibility of the proposed setup is demonstrated, followed by theoretical analysis and experimental results. Our experimental results show that the phase error repeatability in the nanometer regime can be achieved.

© 2013 OSA

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2012 (2)

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for AstronomyIV, 84467W (2012).

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared InterferometryIII, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (4)

2010 (5)

P. Gao, I. Harder, V. Nercissian, K. Mantel, and B. Yao, “Phase-shifting point-diffraction interferometry with common-path and in-line configuration for microscopy,” Opt. Lett.35(5), 712–714 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Clénet, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, S. Hippler, F. Eisenhauer, S. Gillessen, G. Perrin, A. Amorim, W. Brandner, K. Perraut, and C. Straubmeier, “Dimensioning the Gravity adaptive optics wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7736, Adaptive Optics SystemsII, 77364A (2010).

S. Rengaswamy, P. Haguenauer, S. Brillant, A. Cortes, J. H. Girard, S. Guisard, J. Paufique, and A. Pino, “Evaluation of performance of the MACAO systems at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II773436, 773436 (2010).

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

K. Qian, “Windowed Fourier transform method for demodulation of carrier fringes,” Opt. Eng.43(7), 1472 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1993 (1)

1982 (1)

1980 (1)

1976 (1)

1975 (1)

R. N. Smartt and W. H. Steel, “Theory and application of point diffraction interferometers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.14, 351–356 (1975).

1970 (1)

Amorim, A.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for AstronomyIV, 84467W (2012).

Y. Clénet, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, S. Hippler, F. Eisenhauer, S. Gillessen, G. Perrin, A. Amorim, W. Brandner, K. Perraut, and C. Straubmeier, “Dimensioning the Gravity adaptive optics wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7736, Adaptive Optics SystemsII, 77364A (2010).

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Araujo-Hauck, C.

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared InterferometryIII, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Asundi, A.

Attwood, D.

Baoli Yao, B. Y.

Bartko, H.

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Baumeister, H.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Berger, J.-P.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Böhm, A.

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared InterferometryIII, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bokor, J.

Brandner, W.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for AstronomyIV, 84467W (2012).

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared InterferometryIII, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Clénet, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, S. Hippler, F. Eisenhauer, S. Gillessen, G. Perrin, A. Amorim, W. Brandner, K. Perraut, and C. Straubmeier, “Dimensioning the Gravity adaptive optics wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7736, Adaptive Optics SystemsII, 77364A (2010).

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brillant, S.

S. Rengaswamy, P. Haguenauer, S. Brillant, A. Cortes, J. H. Girard, S. Guisard, J. Paufique, and A. Pino, “Evaluation of performance of the MACAO systems at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II773436, 773436 (2010).

Cai, L. Z.

Carvas, P.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cassaing, F.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C.

Chapron, F.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

Chibani, W.

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Choquet, E.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Clenet, Y.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Clénet, Y.

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared InterferometryIII, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for AstronomyIV, 84467W (2012).

Y. Clénet, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, S. Hippler, F. Eisenhauer, S. Gillessen, G. Perrin, A. Amorim, W. Brandner, K. Perraut, and C. Straubmeier, “Dimensioning the Gravity adaptive optics wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7736, Adaptive Optics SystemsII, 77364A (2010).

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Collin, C.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cortes, A.

S. Rengaswamy, P. Haguenauer, S. Brillant, A. Cortes, J. H. Girard, S. Guisard, J. Paufique, and A. Pino, “Evaluation of performance of the MACAO systems at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II773436, 773436 (2010).

Dasari, R. R.

Deen, C.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for AstronomyIV, 84467W (2012).

Deen, C. P.

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared InterferometryIII, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dong, B.-Z.

Eckart, A.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eisenhauer, F.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for AstronomyIV, 84467W (2012).

Y. Clénet, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, S. Hippler, F. Eisenhauer, S. Gillessen, G. Perrin, A. Amorim, W. Brandner, K. Perraut, and C. Straubmeier, “Dimensioning the Gravity adaptive optics wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7736, Adaptive Optics SystemsII, 77364A (2010).

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fabian, W.

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fedou, P.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fedrigo, E.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for AstronomyIV, 84467W (2012).

Feld, M. S.

Fischer, S.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gao, P.

Gendron, E.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for AstronomyIV, 84467W (2012).

Y. Clénet, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, S. Hippler, F. Eisenhauer, S. Gillessen, G. Perrin, A. Amorim, W. Brandner, K. Perraut, and C. Straubmeier, “Dimensioning the Gravity adaptive optics wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7736, Adaptive Optics SystemsII, 77364A (2010).

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Genzel, R.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gillessen, S.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Clénet, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, S. Hippler, F. Eisenhauer, S. Gillessen, G. Perrin, A. Amorim, W. Brandner, K. Perraut, and C. Straubmeier, “Dimensioning the Gravity adaptive optics wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7736, Adaptive Optics SystemsII, 77364A (2010).

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Girard, J. H.

S. Rengaswamy, P. Haguenauer, S. Brillant, A. Cortes, J. H. Girard, S. Guisard, J. Paufique, and A. Pino, “Evaluation of performance of the MACAO systems at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II773436, 773436 (2010).

Gitton, P.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Goldberg, K. A.

Gonte, F.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gräter, A.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gu, B.-Y.

Guisard, S.

S. Rengaswamy, P. Haguenauer, S. Brillant, A. Cortes, J. H. Girard, S. Guisard, J. Paufique, and A. Pino, “Evaluation of performance of the MACAO systems at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II773436, 773436 (2010).

Guo, J. P.

Guo, R.

Haguenauer, P.

S. Rengaswamy, P. Haguenauer, S. Brillant, A. Cortes, J. H. Girard, S. Guisard, J. Paufique, and A. Pino, “Evaluation of performance of the MACAO systems at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II773436, 773436 (2010).

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Harder, I.

Haubois, X.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Haug, M.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Henning, T.

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared InterferometryIII, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, J.

Hippler, S.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for AstronomyIV, 84467W (2012).

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared InterferometryIII, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Clénet, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, S. Hippler, F. Eisenhauer, S. Gillessen, G. Perrin, A. Amorim, W. Brandner, K. Perraut, and C. Straubmeier, “Dimensioning the Gravity adaptive optics wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7736, Adaptive Optics SystemsII, 77364A (2010).

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hofmann, R.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hormuth, F.

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, L.

Huber, A.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for AstronomyIV, 84467W (2012).

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared InterferometryIII, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Huntley, J. M.

Ikeda, T.

Ina, H.

Jocou, L.

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Juanjuan Zheng, J. Z.

Junwei Min, J. M.

Kellner, S.

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kemao, Q.

Kendrew, S.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for AstronomyIV, 84467W (2012).

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared InterferometryIII, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kervella, P.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Klein, R.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for AstronomyIV, 84467W (2012).

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, S.

Kudryavtseva, N.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lacour, S.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lapeyrere, V.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Laun, W.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for AstronomyIV, 84467W (2012).

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. H.

Lena, P.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lenzen, R.

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared InterferometryIII, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for AstronomyIV, 84467W (2012).

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, A. M.

Lima, J.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, S.

Lüst, S.

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mantel, K.

Medecki, H.

Meng, X. F.

Meschke, D.

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Min, J.

Moch, D.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Moratschke, D.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Moulin, T.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Murty, M. V. R. K.

Naranjo, V.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for AstronomyIV, 84467W (2012).

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Naulleau, P. P.

Nercissian, V.

Neumann, U.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for AstronomyIV, 84467W (2012).

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Noll, R. J.

Nolot, A.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Paufique, J.

S. Rengaswamy, P. Haguenauer, S. Brillant, A. Cortes, J. H. Girard, S. Guisard, J. Paufique, and A. Pino, “Evaluation of performance of the MACAO systems at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II773436, 773436 (2010).

Paumard, T.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Peng, X.

Peng Gao, P. G.

Perraut, K.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for AstronomyIV, 84467W (2012).

Y. Clénet, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, S. Hippler, F. Eisenhauer, S. Gillessen, G. Perrin, A. Amorim, W. Brandner, K. Perraut, and C. Straubmeier, “Dimensioning the Gravity adaptive optics wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7736, Adaptive Optics SystemsII, 77364A (2010).

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Perrin, G.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for AstronomyIV, 84467W (2012).

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Clénet, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, S. Hippler, F. Eisenhauer, S. Gillessen, G. Perrin, A. Amorim, W. Brandner, K. Perraut, and C. Straubmeier, “Dimensioning the Gravity adaptive optics wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7736, Adaptive Optics SystemsII, 77364A (2010).

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pfuhl, O.

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared InterferometryIII, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pino, A.

S. Rengaswamy, P. Haguenauer, S. Brillant, A. Cortes, J. H. Girard, S. Guisard, J. Paufique, and A. Pino, “Evaluation of performance of the MACAO systems at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II773436, 773436 (2010).

Popescu, G.

Qian, K.

K. Qian, “Windowed Fourier transform method for demodulation of carrier fringes,” Opt. Eng.43(7), 1472 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rabien, S.

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ramos, J.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for AstronomyIV, 84467W (2012).

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ramos, J. R.

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rees, J. M.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ren, H.

Rengaswamy, S.

S. Rengaswamy, P. Haguenauer, S. Brillant, A. Cortes, J. H. Girard, S. Guisard, J. Paufique, and A. Pino, “Evaluation of performance of the MACAO systems at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II773436, 773436 (2010).

Rinehart, M. T.

Rohloff, R.-R.

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared InterferometryIII, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for AstronomyIV, 84467W (2012).

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rongli Guo, R. G.

Rouan, D.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rousset, G.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Clénet, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, S. Hippler, F. Eisenhauer, S. Gillessen, G. Perrin, A. Amorim, W. Brandner, K. Perraut, and C. Straubmeier, “Dimensioning the Gravity adaptive optics wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7736, Adaptive Optics SystemsII, 77364A (2010).

Saldner, H.

Schöller, M.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sevin, A.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shaked, N. T.

Smartt, R. N.

R. N. Smartt and W. H. Steel, “Theory and application of point diffraction interferometers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.14, 351–356 (1975).

Steel, W. H.

R. N. Smartt and W. H. Steel, “Theory and application of point diffraction interferometers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.14, 351–356 (1975).

Straubmeier, C.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for AstronomyIV, 84467W (2012).

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Clénet, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, S. Hippler, F. Eisenhauer, S. Gillessen, G. Perrin, A. Amorim, W. Brandner, K. Perraut, and C. Straubmeier, “Dimensioning the Gravity adaptive optics wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7736, Adaptive Optics SystemsII, 77364A (2010).

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Su, X.

Takeda, M.

Tejnil, E.

Thiel, M.

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tong Ye, T. Y.

Valles, M. S.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for AstronomyIV, 84467W (2012).

Wagner, K.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D.

Wang, Y. R.

Wax, A.

Wiest, M.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yang, G.-Z.

Yang, P.

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared InterferometryIII, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for AstronomyIV, 84467W (2012).

Yang, Y.

Yao, B.

Yazici, S.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ye, T.

Zhang, Q.

Zhang, X.

Zhang, Y.

Zhao, M.

Zheng, J.

Zhu, J.

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared InterferometryIII, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

Zhuo, Y.

Ziegler, D.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Adaptive Optics Systems (1)

Y. Clénet, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, S. Hippler, F. Eisenhauer, S. Gillessen, G. Perrin, A. Amorim, W. Brandner, K. Perraut, and C. Straubmeier, “Dimensioning the Gravity adaptive optics wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7736, Adaptive Optics SystemsII, 77364A (2010).

Appl. Opt. (5)

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy (1)

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for AstronomyIV, 84467W (2012).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (3)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. N. Smartt and W. H. Steel, “Theory and application of point diffraction interferometers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.14, 351–356 (1975).

Opt. Eng. (1)

K. Qian, “Windowed Fourier transform method for demodulation of carrier fringes,” Opt. Eng.43(7), 1472 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Optical and Infrared Interferometry (3)

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared InterferometryII, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared InterferometryIII, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Optical and Infrared Interferometry II (1)

S. Rengaswamy, P. Haguenauer, S. Brillant, A. Cortes, J. H. Girard, S. Guisard, J. Paufique, and A. Pino, “Evaluation of performance of the MACAO systems at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II773436, 773436 (2010).

Proc. SPIE (1)

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

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D. C. Ghihlia and M. D. Pritt, Two-dimensional Phase Unwrapping: Theory, Algorithms, and Software (Wiley, 1998).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Principle of the GRAVITY metrology system shown for two telescopes. A laser beam travels the same path backwards through all the beam combination and the VLTI optical train. Detection of the resulting fringe pattern takes place close to the entrance pupil (M2), above the primary mirror M1, by sampling the pattern at four locations with photodiodes, after reflected by the secondary mirror (M2), the beam was relayed to the delay line. Figure and caption taken from reference [6].The near-infrared wavefront sensors are located in between the delay lines and the telescope’s main optics, precisely at the Coudé focal station of each VLT unit telescope.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectral transmission of the MENLO laser, the laser band-pass filter, and Entrance Window with the metrology blocking filter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Sketch of the GRAVITY adaptive optics system. A beam-splitter inside the Star separator marks the point where common optical path and non-common optical paths between wavefront sensor and beam combiner instrument separate.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Diagram of the experimental arrangement used for SOPDI for compact setup with common path configuration at 1523 nm wavelength; L1~L5, achromatic lenses; focal lengths of the lenses f1 = 200 mm, f2 = f3 = 100 mm, f4 = 150 mm, f5 = 45 mm; PH, pinhole filter with diameter 25 µm. NPBS, non-polarizing cube beam splitter.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Photograph of the experimental setup.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental results based on off-axis Window Fourier Filtering interferometry: (a) Typical slightly off-axis interferogram of a multi-layer coated optical window, (b) Wrapped phase distribution extracted as the mean of Windowed Fourier transformed spatial filtering method, (c) Reconstructed object wave.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The center line profiles of the test of a BK7 optical window measured with SOPDI and a phase shifting interferometer.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Measured transmitted wavefront error of the test entrance window. (a) Single slightly off-axis interferogram captured by the near infrared SOPDI, (b) Zernike fit of the wavefront deviation of a central circular part of the entrance window with a diameter of 15 mm. The Zernike fit is calculated to a maximum of the first 36th terms, and only piston and tip/tilt values have been removed.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Stability test for the proposed setup in nanometers associated with the background of the full field view (dashed line) and a single point phase profile (solid line).

Equations (5)

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O r (x,y)=F T 1 {FT[ O o (x,y)]× T PH }exp[iκ(x,y)].
I(x,y)= | O o | 2 + | O r | 2 + O o * O r + O s O r * .
I b = 1 MN n=0 N1_ m=1 M1 I i (mΔx,nΔy).
I ' (x,y)=γ(x,y)cos( ω x x+ ω y y+φ(x,y)).
O(x,y)= 1 4π η 1 η 2 ξ 2 ξ 1 { [ I ' (x,y)h(x,y,ξ,η) ¯ ]h(x,y,ξ,η) } dξdη.

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