Abstract

The adaptive optics system for the second-generation VLT-interferometer (VLTI) instrument GRAVITY consists of a novel cryogenic near-infrared wavefront sensor to be installed at each of the four unit telescopes of the Very Large Telescope (VLT). Feeding the GRAVITY wavefront sensor with light in the 1.4 to 2.4 micrometer band, while suppressing laser light originating from the GRAVITY metrology system, custom-built optical components are required. In this paper, we present the development of a quantitative near-infrared point diffraction interferometric characterization technique, which allows measuring the transmitted wavefront error of the silicon entrance windows of the wavefront sensor cryostat. The technique can be readily applied to quantitative phase measurements in the near-infrared regime. Moreover, by employing a slightly off-axis optical setup, the proposed method can optimize the required spatial resolution and enable real time measurement capabilities. The feasibility of the proposed setup is demonstrated, followed by theoretical analysis and experimental results. Our experimental results show that the phase error repeatability in the nanometer regime can be achieved.

© 2013 OSA

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2012 (2)

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, 84467W (2012).

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared Interferometry III, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (4)

2010 (5)

P. Gao, I. Harder, V. Nercissian, K. Mantel, and B. Yao, “Phase-shifting point-diffraction interferometry with common-path and in-line configuration for microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 35(5), 712–714 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Clénet, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, S. Hippler, F. Eisenhauer, S. Gillessen, G. Perrin, A. Amorim, W. Brandner, K. Perraut, and C. Straubmeier, “Dimensioning the Gravity adaptive optics wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7736, Adaptive Optics Systems II, 77364A (2010).

S. Rengaswamy, P. Haguenauer, S. Brillant, A. Cortes, J. H. Girard, S. Guisard, J. Paufique, and A. Pino, “Evaluation of performance of the MACAO systems at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II 773436, 773436 (2010).

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

K. Qian, “Windowed Fourier transform method for demodulation of carrier fringes,” Opt. Eng. 43(7), 1472 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1993 (1)

1982 (1)

1980 (1)

1976 (1)

1975 (1)

R. N. Smartt and W. H. Steel, “Theory and application of point diffraction interferometers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14, 351–356 (1975).

1970 (1)

Amorim, A.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, 84467W (2012).

Y. Clénet, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, S. Hippler, F. Eisenhauer, S. Gillessen, G. Perrin, A. Amorim, W. Brandner, K. Perraut, and C. Straubmeier, “Dimensioning the Gravity adaptive optics wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7736, Adaptive Optics Systems II, 77364A (2010).

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Araujo-Hauck, C.

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared Interferometry III, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Asundi, A.

Attwood, D.

Baoli Yao, B. Y.

Bartko, H.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Baumeister, H.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Berger, J.-P.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Böhm, A.

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared Interferometry III, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bokor, J.

Brandner, W.

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared Interferometry III, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, 84467W (2012).

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Clénet, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, S. Hippler, F. Eisenhauer, S. Gillessen, G. Perrin, A. Amorim, W. Brandner, K. Perraut, and C. Straubmeier, “Dimensioning the Gravity adaptive optics wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7736, Adaptive Optics Systems II, 77364A (2010).

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brillant, S.

S. Rengaswamy, P. Haguenauer, S. Brillant, A. Cortes, J. H. Girard, S. Guisard, J. Paufique, and A. Pino, “Evaluation of performance of the MACAO systems at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II 773436, 773436 (2010).

Cai, L. Z.

Carvas, P.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cassaing, F.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C.

Chapron, F.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

Chibani, W.

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Choquet, E.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Clenet, Y.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Clénet, Y.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, 84467W (2012).

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared Interferometry III, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Clénet, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, S. Hippler, F. Eisenhauer, S. Gillessen, G. Perrin, A. Amorim, W. Brandner, K. Perraut, and C. Straubmeier, “Dimensioning the Gravity adaptive optics wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7736, Adaptive Optics Systems II, 77364A (2010).

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Collin, C.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cortes, A.

S. Rengaswamy, P. Haguenauer, S. Brillant, A. Cortes, J. H. Girard, S. Guisard, J. Paufique, and A. Pino, “Evaluation of performance of the MACAO systems at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II 773436, 773436 (2010).

Dasari, R. R.

Deen, C.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, 84467W (2012).

Deen, C. P.

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared Interferometry III, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dong, B.-Z.

Eckart, A.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eisenhauer, F.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, 84467W (2012).

Y. Clénet, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, S. Hippler, F. Eisenhauer, S. Gillessen, G. Perrin, A. Amorim, W. Brandner, K. Perraut, and C. Straubmeier, “Dimensioning the Gravity adaptive optics wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7736, Adaptive Optics Systems II, 77364A (2010).

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fabian, W.

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fedou, P.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fedrigo, E.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, 84467W (2012).

Feld, M. S.

Fischer, S.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gao, P.

Gendron, E.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, 84467W (2012).

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Clénet, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, S. Hippler, F. Eisenhauer, S. Gillessen, G. Perrin, A. Amorim, W. Brandner, K. Perraut, and C. Straubmeier, “Dimensioning the Gravity adaptive optics wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7736, Adaptive Optics Systems II, 77364A (2010).

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Genzel, R.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gillessen, S.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Clénet, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, S. Hippler, F. Eisenhauer, S. Gillessen, G. Perrin, A. Amorim, W. Brandner, K. Perraut, and C. Straubmeier, “Dimensioning the Gravity adaptive optics wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7736, Adaptive Optics Systems II, 77364A (2010).

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Girard, J. H.

S. Rengaswamy, P. Haguenauer, S. Brillant, A. Cortes, J. H. Girard, S. Guisard, J. Paufique, and A. Pino, “Evaluation of performance of the MACAO systems at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II 773436, 773436 (2010).

Gitton, P.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Goldberg, K. A.

Gonte, F.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gräter, A.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gu, B.-Y.

Guisard, S.

S. Rengaswamy, P. Haguenauer, S. Brillant, A. Cortes, J. H. Girard, S. Guisard, J. Paufique, and A. Pino, “Evaluation of performance of the MACAO systems at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II 773436, 773436 (2010).

Guo, J. P.

Guo, R.

Haguenauer, P.

S. Rengaswamy, P. Haguenauer, S. Brillant, A. Cortes, J. H. Girard, S. Guisard, J. Paufique, and A. Pino, “Evaluation of performance of the MACAO systems at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II 773436, 773436 (2010).

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Harder, I.

Haubois, X.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Haug, M.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Henning, T.

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared Interferometry III, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, J.

Hippler, S.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, 84467W (2012).

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared Interferometry III, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Clénet, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, S. Hippler, F. Eisenhauer, S. Gillessen, G. Perrin, A. Amorim, W. Brandner, K. Perraut, and C. Straubmeier, “Dimensioning the Gravity adaptive optics wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7736, Adaptive Optics Systems II, 77364A (2010).

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hofmann, R.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hormuth, F.

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, L.

Huber, A.

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared Interferometry III, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, 84467W (2012).

Huntley, J. M.

Ikeda, T.

Ina, H.

Jocou, L.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Juanjuan Zheng, J. Z.

Junwei Min, J. M.

Kellner, S.

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kemao, Q.

Kendrew, S.

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared Interferometry III, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, 84467W (2012).

Kervella, P.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Klein, R.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, 84467W (2012).

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, S.

Kudryavtseva, N.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lacour, S.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lapeyrere, V.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Laun, W.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, 84467W (2012).

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. H.

Lena, P.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lenzen, R.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, 84467W (2012).

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared Interferometry III, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, A. M.

Lima, J.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, S.

Lüst, S.

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mantel, K.

Medecki, H.

Meng, X. F.

Meschke, D.

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Min, J.

Moch, D.

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Moratschke, D.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Moulin, T.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Murty, M. V. R. K.

Naranjo, V.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, 84467W (2012).

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Naulleau, P. P.

Nercissian, V.

Neumann, U.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, 84467W (2012).

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Noll, R. J.

Nolot, A.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Paufique, J.

S. Rengaswamy, P. Haguenauer, S. Brillant, A. Cortes, J. H. Girard, S. Guisard, J. Paufique, and A. Pino, “Evaluation of performance of the MACAO systems at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II 773436, 773436 (2010).

Paumard, T.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Peng, X.

Peng Gao, P. G.

Perraut, K.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, 84467W (2012).

Y. Clénet, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, S. Hippler, F. Eisenhauer, S. Gillessen, G. Perrin, A. Amorim, W. Brandner, K. Perraut, and C. Straubmeier, “Dimensioning the Gravity adaptive optics wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7736, Adaptive Optics Systems II, 77364A (2010).

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Perrin, G.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, 84467W (2012).

Y. Clénet, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, S. Hippler, F. Eisenhauer, S. Gillessen, G. Perrin, A. Amorim, W. Brandner, K. Perraut, and C. Straubmeier, “Dimensioning the Gravity adaptive optics wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7736, Adaptive Optics Systems II, 77364A (2010).

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pfuhl, O.

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared Interferometry III, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pino, A.

S. Rengaswamy, P. Haguenauer, S. Brillant, A. Cortes, J. H. Girard, S. Guisard, J. Paufique, and A. Pino, “Evaluation of performance of the MACAO systems at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II 773436, 773436 (2010).

Popescu, G.

Qian, K.

K. Qian, “Windowed Fourier transform method for demodulation of carrier fringes,” Opt. Eng. 43(7), 1472 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rabien, S.

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ramos, J.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, 84467W (2012).

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ramos, J. R.

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rees, J. M.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ren, H.

Rengaswamy, S.

S. Rengaswamy, P. Haguenauer, S. Brillant, A. Cortes, J. H. Girard, S. Guisard, J. Paufique, and A. Pino, “Evaluation of performance of the MACAO systems at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II 773436, 773436 (2010).

Rinehart, M. T.

Rohloff, R.-R.

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared Interferometry III, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, 84467W (2012).

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rongli Guo, R. G.

Rouan, D.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rousset, G.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Clénet, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, S. Hippler, F. Eisenhauer, S. Gillessen, G. Perrin, A. Amorim, W. Brandner, K. Perraut, and C. Straubmeier, “Dimensioning the Gravity adaptive optics wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7736, Adaptive Optics Systems II, 77364A (2010).

Saldner, H.

Schöller, M.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sevin, A.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shaked, N. T.

Smartt, R. N.

R. N. Smartt and W. H. Steel, “Theory and application of point diffraction interferometers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14, 351–356 (1975).

Steel, W. H.

R. N. Smartt and W. H. Steel, “Theory and application of point diffraction interferometers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14, 351–356 (1975).

Straubmeier, C.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, 84467W (2012).

Y. Clénet, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, S. Hippler, F. Eisenhauer, S. Gillessen, G. Perrin, A. Amorim, W. Brandner, K. Perraut, and C. Straubmeier, “Dimensioning the Gravity adaptive optics wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7736, Adaptive Optics Systems II, 77364A (2010).

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Su, X.

Takeda, M.

Tejnil, E.

Thiel, M.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tong Ye, T. Y.

Valles, M. S.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, 84467W (2012).

Wagner, K.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D.

Wang, Y. R.

Wax, A.

Wiest, M.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yang, G.-Z.

Yang, P.

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, 84467W (2012).

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared Interferometry III, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

Yao, B.

Yazici, S.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ye, T.

Zhang, Q.

Zhang, X.

Zhang, Y.

Zhao, M.

Zheng, J.

Zhu, J.

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared Interferometry III, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

Zhuo, Y.

Ziegler, D.

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Adaptive Optics Systems (1)

Y. Clénet, E. Gendron, G. Rousset, S. Hippler, F. Eisenhauer, S. Gillessen, G. Perrin, A. Amorim, W. Brandner, K. Perraut, and C. Straubmeier, “Dimensioning the Gravity adaptive optics wavefront sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7736, Adaptive Optics Systems II, 77364A (2010).

Appl. Opt. (5)

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy (1)

S. Kendrew, S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, C. Deen, E. Gendron, A. Huber, R. Klein, W. Laun, R. Lenzen, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, P. Yang, F. Eisenhauer, A. Amorim, K. Perraut, G. Perrin, C. Straubmeier, E. Fedrigo, and M. S. Valles, “GRAVITY Coudé Infrared Adaptive Optics (CIAO) system for the VLT Interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 8446, Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, 84467W (2012).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (3)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. N. Smartt and W. H. Steel, “Theory and application of point diffraction interferometers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14, 351–356 (1975).

Opt. Eng. (1)

K. Qian, “Windowed Fourier transform method for demodulation of carrier fringes,” Opt. Eng. 43(7), 1472 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Optical and Infrared Interferometry (3)

H. Bartko, S. Gillessen, S. Rabien, M. Thiel, A. Gräter, M. Haug, S. Kellner, F. Eisenhauer, S. Lacour, C. Straubmeier, J.-P. Berger, L. Jocou, W. Chibani, S. Lüst, D. Moch, O. Pfuhl, W. Fabian, C. Araujo-Hauck, K. Perraut, W. Brandner, G. Perrin, and A. Amorim, “The fringe detection laser metrology for the GRAVITY interferometer at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 773421, 773421-18 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Yang, S. Hippler, C. P. Deen, A. Böhm, W. Brandner, T. Henning, A. Huber, S. Kendrew, R. Lenzen, R.-R. Rohloff, C. Araujo-Hauck, O. Pfuhl, Y. Clénet, and J. Zhu, “Optimizing the transmission of the GRAVITY/VLTI near-infrared wavefront senso, ” Proc. SPIE 8445, Optical and Infrared Interferometry III, 844531, 844531-7 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Gillessen, F. Eisenhauer, G. Perrin, W. Brandner, C. Straubmeier, K. Perraut, A. Amorim, M. Schöller, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Bartko, H. Baumeister, J.-P. Berger, P. Carvas, F. Cassaing, F. Chapron, E. Choquet, Y. Clenet, C. Collin, A. Eckart, P. Fedou, S. Fischer, E. Gendron, R. Genzel, P. Gitton, F. Gonte, A. Gräter, P. Haguenauer, M. Haug, X. Haubois, T. Henning, S. Hippler, R. Hofmann, L. Jocou, S. Kellner, P. Kervella, R. Klein, N. Kudryavtseva, S. Lacour, V. Lapeyrere, W. Laun, P. Lena, R. Lenzen, J. Lima, D. Moratschke, D. Moch, T. Moulin, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, A. Nolot, T. Paumard, O. Pfuhl, S. Rabien, J. Ramos, J. M. Rees, R.-R. Rohloff, D. Rouan, G. Rousset, A. Sevin, M. Thiel, K. Wagner, M. Wiest, S. Yazici, and D. Ziegler, “GRAVITY: a four-telescope beam combiner instrument for the VLTI,” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II, 77340Y, 77340Y-20 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Optical and Infrared Interferometry II (1)

S. Rengaswamy, P. Haguenauer, S. Brillant, A. Cortes, J. H. Girard, S. Guisard, J. Paufique, and A. Pino, “Evaluation of performance of the MACAO systems at the VLTI, ” Proc. SPIE 7734, Optical and Infrared Interferometry II 773436, 773436 (2010).

Proc. SPIE (1)

S. Hippler, W. Brandner, Y. Clénet, F. Hormuth, E. Gendron, T. Henning, R. Klein, R. Lenzen, D. Meschke, V. Naranjo, U. Neumann, J. R. Ramos, R.-R. Rohloff, and F. Eisenhauer, “Near-infrared wavefront sensing for the VLT interferometer,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 701555, 701555-11 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

D. Malacara, Optical shop testing, 2nd Ed, (Wiley, 1992).

D. C. Ghihlia and M. D. Pritt, Two-dimensional Phase Unwrapping: Theory, Algorithms, and Software (Wiley, 1998).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Principle of the GRAVITY metrology system shown for two telescopes. A laser beam travels the same path backwards through all the beam combination and the VLTI optical train. Detection of the resulting fringe pattern takes place close to the entrance pupil (M2), above the primary mirror M1, by sampling the pattern at four locations with photodiodes, after reflected by the secondary mirror (M2), the beam was relayed to the delay line. Figure and caption taken from reference [6].The near-infrared wavefront sensors are located in between the delay lines and the telescope’s main optics, precisely at the Coudé focal station of each VLT unit telescope.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectral transmission of the MENLO laser, the laser band-pass filter, and Entrance Window with the metrology blocking filter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Sketch of the GRAVITY adaptive optics system. A beam-splitter inside the Star separator marks the point where common optical path and non-common optical paths between wavefront sensor and beam combiner instrument separate.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Diagram of the experimental arrangement used for SOPDI for compact setup with common path configuration at 1523 nm wavelength; L1~L5, achromatic lenses; focal lengths of the lenses f1 = 200 mm, f2 = f3 = 100 mm, f4 = 150 mm, f5 = 45 mm; PH, pinhole filter with diameter 25 µm. NPBS, non-polarizing cube beam splitter.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Photograph of the experimental setup.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental results based on off-axis Window Fourier Filtering interferometry: (a) Typical slightly off-axis interferogram of a multi-layer coated optical window, (b) Wrapped phase distribution extracted as the mean of Windowed Fourier transformed spatial filtering method, (c) Reconstructed object wave.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The center line profiles of the test of a BK7 optical window measured with SOPDI and a phase shifting interferometer.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Measured transmitted wavefront error of the test entrance window. (a) Single slightly off-axis interferogram captured by the near infrared SOPDI, (b) Zernike fit of the wavefront deviation of a central circular part of the entrance window with a diameter of 15 mm. The Zernike fit is calculated to a maximum of the first 36th terms, and only piston and tip/tilt values have been removed.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Stability test for the proposed setup in nanometers associated with the background of the full field view (dashed line) and a single point phase profile (solid line).

Equations (5)

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O r (x,y)=F T 1 {FT[ O o (x,y)]× T PH }exp[iκ(x,y)].
I(x,y)= | O o | 2 + | O r | 2 + O o * O r + O s O r * .
I b = 1 MN n=0 N1_ m=1 M1 I i (mΔx,nΔy).
I ' (x,y)=γ(x,y)cos( ω x x+ ω y y+φ(x,y)).
O(x,y)= 1 4π η 1 η 2 ξ 2 ξ 1 { [ I ' (x,y)h(x,y,ξ,η) ¯ ]h(x,y,ξ,η) } dξdη.

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